Numerical Modelling of River Dynamics Numerical Modelling of River Dynamics Numerical Modelling of River Dynamics Numerical Modelling of River

Dynamics
with with Iber Iber
GiD based tool for the analysis of water and sediment y
flows in river and estuaries
Ernest Bladé, Luis Cea, Georgina Corestein, Enrique Escolano
THE MODEL
C biliti Capabilities
 Simulation of free surface flow in rivers and estuaries
 Assessment of flood areas. Calculation of main flow zones.
 Hydraulic calculation of open channel networks.
 Calculation of tidal currents in estuaries. Calculation of tidal currents in estuaries.
 Sediment transport: erosion and sedimentation
 Flood risk analysis  Flood risk analysis
ANTECEDENTS
Turbillon CARPA Turbillon C
GiD
STRUCTURE
HYDRODYNAMICS
Velocity
Depth
SEDIMENT TRANSPORT
Suspended Load
TURBULENCE
Turbulent viscosity
Bed Load Turbulent Energy and disipation
HYDRODYNAMICS
2D Shallow water equations
y
x
q
q h
0
t x y
c
c c
+ + =
c c c
2 2
x y b,x
b x x x x
t t
y
q q τ
z q q U U h
g gh ν h ν h
t x h 2 y h x ρ x x y y
| | | | | | c c c c c c c c
| |
+ + + = ÷ ÷ + +
| | | |
c c c c c c c c
\ .
\ . \ . \ .
2
2
y x y y b,y y y
b
t t
q q q q τ U U
z h
g gh ν h ν h
t x h y h 2 y ρ x x y y
| | c c c
| | | | | c c c c c
+ + + = ÷ ÷ + +
|
| |
|
c c c c c c c c
\ . \ . \
\ .
|
|
.
Solution: FINITE VOLUME METHOD
Numerical scheme: High resolution Godunov Method based on Roe
Approximate Riemann Solver Approximate Riemann Solver
Mesh: non-structured triangles and quadrilaterals
THE INTERFACE
 Fully integrated in GiDand customized to
obtain a unified environment.
 Uses GiDstandards.
 Include general data, boundary conditions
and materials.
S ifi t l  Specific tools
SEDIMENT TRANSPORT
Exner equation of sediment conservation
( )
sb,y sb,x
b
q q
Z
1 p D - E
t
c c
c
÷ + + =
c c c
( )
p
t x y c c c
Suspended
E
D
Bedload
Suspended
transport
b
Z
sb
q
Bedload
sb
q
V1.7: uniform sediment
BEDLOAD: q
sb
Formulae
q
sb
Van Rijn
Meyer-Peter & Müller
(Wong & Parker ( g
version)
APPLICABILITY
Sand and gravels
APPLICABILITY
Gravels until 30 mm
Equation:
2 1
T
Equation:
* *
2.1
*
sb
0.3
*
1.5
*
T
T 0.3 q 0.053
D
T
T 0 3 q 0 100
< ÷ = ·
> ÷ = ·
( )
3/2
* * *
sb bs c
q = 3.97 τ - τ ·
* *
bs c
*
c
τ - τ
T
τ
=
sb
0.3
*
T 0.3 q 0.100
D
> ÷ = ·
BEDLOAD: slope correction p
Bottom effective tension = Tension due to flow + weight component
flow
weight
effective tension
BEDLOAD: Interface
 Sh i
Inlet:
 Shear capacity
according to formulation
 Time dependent  Time dependent
by mean a table
 Clear water
none solid discharge
O tl t Outlet:
 sediment continuity
BEDLOAD: Validation
Test case with exact solution proposed by De Vriend (1987)
Conical Sand dune
BEDLOAD: Validation
Grass formula Angle of spread
Using mg= 3, results o=21.7867893º
g p
25º 38’
Embankment failure by Overtopping y pp g
Experimental model: dam built with
well graduated sand and volcanic
ashes
Granular material Granular material
Embankment failure by Overtopping y pp g
Numerical Model: geometry and mesh
created with Iber.
Embankment failure by Overtopping y pp g
Embankment failure by Overtopping y pp g
Comparison with a real event
SUSPENDED SEDIMENT: Equations q
Turbulent transport of suspended sediment
( )
y
t x
j j
hU C
ν hU C hC C
h E D
t x y x S x
| |
| | c
c c c c
+ + = I + + ÷
|
|
|
|
c c c c c
\ .
\ .
j c,t j
t x y x S x c c c c c
\ .
\ .
Turbulent difussion Suspension/ Turbulent difussion Suspension/
deposition
Granular material:
( )
*
s a a
E D W c c ÷ = ÷
| | | |
Cohesive soil:
b
ce
τ
E = M 1
τ
| |
· ÷
|
\ .
b
s a
cd
τ
D W c 1
τ
| |
= · ÷
|
\ .
SUSPENDED SEDIMENT: Interface
Inlet:
 Open boundary
concentration
 Source
Discharge and concentration
 Clean water  Clean water
No solid discharge
Outlet:
 Sediment continuty
REVERSIBLE HYDROPOWER
PLANT OF MONTNEGRE
Lower reservoir: 160Hm
3
U i 12H
3
Ribarroja reservoir
Upper reservoir: 12Hm
3
Pumping discharge:380m
3
/s
Turbine discharge: 400m
3
/s
Objective: Effect of new powerplant on river-reservoir morphodynamics
STUDY AREA
SIMULATIONS
1 164 m³/s Pumping (no inlets or outlets, initial elevation 69,5)
2 328 m³/s Pumping (no inlets or outlets, initial elevation 69,5)
3 328 m³/s Pumping, then 400 m³/s turbinate (no inlets or outlets, initial elevation 69,5)
4 400 m³/s Turbinate (no inlets or outlets, initial elevation 68.4)
5 328 m³/s Pumping and simulataneous inlet of 328 m³/s in Mequinenza (initial elevation 69,5)
7 164 m³/s Pumping, then 200 m³/s turbinate (no inlets or outlets, initial elevation 69,5)
8 200 m³/s Turbinate (no inlets or outlets, initial elevation 68.4)
10 400 m³/s turbinate, and simulatneaus outlet of 400 m³/s in Ribaroja (no inlets or outlets, initial elevation 69,5)
11 328 m³/s Pumping, then 400 m³/s turbinate , 7 cycles (no inlets or outlets, initial elevation 69,5)
12 164 m³/s Pumping, then 200 m³/s turbinate , 7 cycles (no inlets or outlets, initial elevation 69,5)
328 m³/s Pumping, then 400 m³/s turbinate (no inlets or outlets, initial elevation 69,5)
Depth Elevation Erosion - deposition
328 m³/s Pumping, then 400 m³/s turbinate (no inlets or outlets, initial elevation 69.5)
Depth Elevation Erosion Deposition
328 m³/s Pumping, then 400 m³/s turbinate (no inlets or outlets, initial elevation 69.5)
Depth Elevation Erosion Deposition
328 m³/s Pumping, then 400 m³/s turbinate (no inlets or outlets, initial elevation 69.5) g ( )
Elevation Erosion Deposition
7 cycles - Erosion
7 cycles - Sedimentation
7 cycles
7 cycles Volume of sediment into the upper reservoir
CONCLUSIONS
 The interface of Iber, based on GiD, is user friendly, flexible
and of great value for results interpretation. and of great value for results interpretation.
 Iber’s morphodynamic module has been enhanced and
ifi d f b dl d d d d t t verified for bedload and suspended transport
 The module has proved to bee a useful tool for real The module has proved to bee a useful tool for real
engineering problems
Th i t f i f i dl th k t GiD’ fl ibilit d  The interface is user friendly thanks to GiD’s flexibility and
capabilities.
Thank your for you attention Thank your for you attention
Contact us in www.iberaula.es