# VSWR Calculation

Adding different VSWR values VSWR Calculation Site Calculations Improper Calculation Rule of Thumb Calculation Advanced Calculation Conclusion

Torsten Wulff

Kathrein-Werke KG
Rosenheim PO Box 10 04 44 Phone:+ 49 (0)8031 184 - 0 Fax: +49 (0)8031 184 991
antennas.mobilcom@kathrein.de www.kathrein.de

Kathrein-Werke KG Rosenheim Germany www.kathrein.de Phone: +049 8031 184 - 0

Feeder Cable / Jumper Cable 1. Antenna 1.5 VSWR.How to add different VSWR’s Adding different VSWR values VSWR Calculation Site Calculations Improper Calculation Rule of Thumb Calculation Advanced Calculation Conclusion VSWR. Wulff 08/2002 .1 Total VSWR ??? © Kathrein T.

Wulff 08/2002 .VSWR Calculation How to add VSWR values • Adding different VSWR values VSWR Calculation Site Calculations Improper Calculation Rule of Thumb Calculation Advanced Calculation Conclusion Re-calculate the reflection coefficient out of a given VSWR value VSWR n .r total © Kathrein T.1 rn= 1 + VSWR n • Add two reflection coefficients to recover a new reflection coefficient r total = r1 + r2 • Re-calculate VSWR value out of the new reflection coefficient VSWR total 1 + r total = 1 .

VSWR Calculation Which values are required to calculate the overall VSWR of a site installation? Adding different VSWR values VSWR Calculation Site Calculations Improper Calculation Rule of Thumb Calculation Advanced Calculation Conclusion VSWR. Wulff 08/2002 . Feeder Cable © Kathrein T. Feeder Cable Insertion loss. Antenna VSWR.

1 + VSWR 1. Feeder Cable (1. Antenna (1. Wulff 08/2002 .66 (worst case) This equals a return loss of 12.1) VSWR 1.5) • VSWR.5 = VSWR 1.VSWR Calculation Example of an improper calculation • Adding different VSWR values VSWR Calculation Site Calculations Improper Calculation Rule of Thumb Calculation Advanced Calculation Conclusion VSWR.2 dB This calculation considers a lossless cable and is incorrect for a site measurement! © Kathrein T.

Wulff 08/2002 .5 = 14 dB return loss Total cable attenuation: 2 x 3 dB insertion loss plus 14 dB = 20 dB 20 dB return loss equals a VSWR of 1.VSWR Calculation Rule of thumb calculation • • VSWR.5) Cable attenuation 3 dB (one way) Adding different VSWR values VSWR Calculation Site Calculations Improper Calculation Rule of Thumb Calculation Advanced Calculation Conclusion VSWR 1.22 This calculation considers a lossy cable with a perfect impedance match! © Kathrein T. Antenna (1.

Wulff 08/2002 . Antenna (1.1) © Kathrein T.5 dB (one way). return loss considered of being better than VSWR 1.05 VSWR.1) Jumper cable attenuation of 0.5 dB (one way) Cable attenuation 2.5) VSWR.VSWR Calculation Example of an “advanced” site calculation VSWR. Cable Connector (1. Cable Connector (1.

65 VSWR 1.1 = 1.28 VSWR measurement at the input connector .5) + VSWR.VSWR Calculation Example of an “advanced” site calculation VSWR. Antenna (1.2 dB = VSWR 1. Wulff 08/2002 .2 dB return loss Jumper Cable Add the cable attenuation twice.28 + VSWR 1.8 dB return loss © Kathrein T.2 dB + 5 dB = 18.2 dB Feeder Cable Add the cable attenuation twice 13. Add this attenuation to the “upper return loss”: 12.1) Calculate the total VSWR at the end of the cable to the antenna: VSWR 1. since the signal has to pass the cable up to the antenna and down to the connector.45 = 14.2 dB Re-calculate the new VSWR value out of the new return loss: 18.2 dB + 1 dB = 13.WORST CASE CALCULATION ! Add connector VSWR to VSWR of “antenna-cable-assembly”: VSWR site = VSWR 1.5 + VSWR 1.1 = VSWR total 1. Cable Connector (1.65 = 12.

© Kathrein T.VSWR Calculation Conclusion A rule of thumb site calculation is being considered as an appropriated step to get an idea about the expected VSWR performance! Run this calculation prior to a site measurement. Wulff 08/2002 .

5 versus VSWR 1.5 versus a VSWR of 1.1 dB equals a increased loss of 2% This value is insignificant small and marginal! © Kathrein T.3 .08 A difference of only 0.VSWR Calculation VSWR 1.5 Missmatch loss (dB) 0.18 1.3 0.0.4 0.1 dB results comparing a VSWR of 1.3 Adding different VSWR values VSWR Calculation Site Calculations Improper Calculation Rule of Thumb Calculation Advanced Calculation Conclusion VSWR 1.13 1. Wulff 08/2002 .

5 is required for .antennas with adjustable electrical down tilt All major antenna suppliers are focused on broadband IMT 2000/UMTS antennas ⇒ VSWR of 1.5 is the world wide standard • © Kathrein T.VSWR Statement Conclusion • Adding different VSWR values VSWR Calculation Site Calculations Improper Calculation Rule of Thumb Calculation Advanced Calculation Conclusion VSWR of better 1. Wulff 08/2002 .broadband antennas .