ON A FORM

Brenda Hoddinott
M-01 INTERMEDIATE: ANIMALS & FANTASY Drawing realistic animals requires special attention to the different directions in which their fur is growing, and to the furry texture and the various values as defined by the dominant light source. You can get a pretty good idea of the basic structural form of an animal by studying various aspects of its fur. In this lesson, you indicate the under forms of a puppy’s leg and paw, by drawing its covering of fur. This project is divided into the following five parts: SETTING UP PROPORTIONS: You begin by lightly sketching proportions. While different sizes and breeds of puppies have legs of various lengths, the overall structure and proportions are very similar. OUTLINING THE BASIC FORMS: In this section, you refine your initial sketch by outlining the forms of the leg and paw. ADDING FORM AND TEXTURE TO THE LEG: You use raggedy hatching lines to add shading to the fur, so as to accentuate the three dimensional under forms of the leg. The light source in this drawing is from the upper right, which means that the shading is darker on the left and lower left. SHADING THE PARTS OF A PUPPY PAW: After outlining the various parts of the paw with fuzzy hatching lines, you add shading to accentuate their three dimensional forms. PUTTING IT ALL TOGETHER: ADDING FINAL DETAILS: In this section, you add a small part of the puppy’s chest, complete the shading, add a shadow under the paw, and add darker values to enhance the forms. For this project you need good quality white drawing paper, different grades of graphite pencils (such as 2H, HB, 2B, 4B, and 6B), kneaded and vinyl erasers, and a pencil sharpener. This project is recommended for artists from age 12 to adult with basic drawing skills, as well as home schooling, academic and recreational fine art educators.

18 PAGES – 30 ILLUSTRATIONS
Published by Hoddinott Fine Art Publishers, Halifax, NS, Canada – 2004 (Revised 2006)

-2- SETTING UP PROPORTIONS While different sizes and breeds of puppies have legs of various lengths. If the proportions of your subject are off. Copyright to all articles. Draw your lines very lightly. such as 3. images. preferably with an HB pencil. projects. The illustrations in this lesson will be for the puppy leg in illustration 01-01.com .com and http://www.5 by 6 inches. Examine the next three illustrations to see what I mean. If you want to draw a longer leg. text. Make sure you leave plenty of space above and to the right to add the rest of the leg. lessons and exercises within this drawing class belong to Brenda Hoddinott and may not be reproduced or used for any commercial purposes whatsoever without the written permission of Brenda Hoddinott.finearteducation.5 by 7 or 3. the lengths vary. ILLUSTRATION 01-01 ILLUSTRATION 01-02 ILLUSTRATION 01-03 Setting up accurate proportions is extremely important. simply keep the width of your drawing format the same.drawspace.This drawing is 3. no amount of beautiful shading can save your drawing. While each leg is the same width. the overall structure and proportions are very similar. ILLUSTRATION 01-04 1) Draw a horizontal oval shape close to the bottom of your drawing space. This shape marks the location and approximate size of the puppy’s paw.com Web sites http://www. Don’t press too hard with your pencils! You may want to lighten or erase some lines later. but make it longer. E-mail bhoddinott@hoddinott.5 by 8 inches.

com Web sites http://www.-3ILLUSTRATION 01-05 2) Lightly sketch the shape that identifies the location and basic forms of the leg (as in Illustration 01-05). the drawing has been made darker in a computer program. make sure that everything is in the correct place. However. images.finearteducation.drawspace. text. E-mail bhoddinott@hoddinott. Observe how this curved line cuts through the upper section of the leg. my sketch is so faint. and is narrower at the bottom where it attaches to the paw. so you can see my lines. 5) Compare your sketch with mine. projects.com and http://www. and change anything you’re not happy with. Copyright to all articles. lessons and exercises within this drawing class belong to Brenda Hoddinott and may not be reproduced or used for any commercial purposes whatsoever without the written permission of Brenda Hoddinott. it’s barely visible. 4) Use your kneaded eraser to pat your sketch until the lines are very faint. OUTLINING THE BASIC FORMS In this section. 3) Add a curved line to mark the location of a small section of the puppy’s body as in Illustration 01-06. ILLUSTRATION 01-06 Observe how the shape of the leg is curved upward toward the upper right.com . you refine your sketch by outlining the forms of the leg and paw. Remember to continue keeping your lines light! In reality.

as you outline the leg and paw (use a freshly sharpened HB pencil).finearteducation. ILLUSTRATION 01-07 ILLUSTRATION 01-08 ILLUSTRATION 01-09 ILLUSTRATION 01-10 ILLUSTRATION 01-11 ILLUSTRATION 01-12 Copyright to all articles.drawspace. lessons and exercises within this drawing class belong to Brenda Hoddinott and may not be reproduced or used for any commercial purposes whatsoever without the written permission of Brenda Hoddinott. text. E-mail bhoddinott@hoddinott.com Web sites http://www.com . projects.com and http://www. images.-46) Refer to the following 6 illustrations.

images. Use an HB pencil.-5- ADDING FORM AND TEXTURE TO THE LEG In this section. Copyright to all articles. text. Use your kneaded eraser to lighten your outline until the lines are very faint. projects. which means that the shading is darker on the left and lower left. lessons and exercises within this drawing class belong to Brenda Hoddinott and may not be reproduced or used for any commercial purposes whatsoever without the written permission of Brenda Hoddinott. you use raggedy hatching lines to add shading to the fur so as to accentuate the three dimensional forms of the leg. Rather.finearteducation. HB and 2B pencils. Use 2H. The light source is from the upper right. 7) 8) 9) Compare your outline with Illustration 01-13.com Web sites http://www. ILLUSTRATION 01-13 ILLUSTRATION 01-14 10) Add the furry texture to the remainder of the body and leg.com and http://www. E-mail bhoddinott@hoddinott.drawspace. Note that the fur curves at a downward angle along the left. No text is provided for these steps.com . Add shading to the upper left section of the leg with curved hatching lines. the close-up illustrations on the next seven pages speak for themselves to provide you with guidance. and correct any lines you don’t like.

Take your time. and accentuate the three-dimensional under-forms of the dog’s leg. As you progress. rather than coarse. and also seems to grow downward. text. observe how the fur on the center part of the leg. lessons and exercises within this drawing class belong to Brenda Hoddinott and may not be reproduced or used for any commercial purposes whatsoever without the written permission of Brenda Hoddinott. so the fur looks fine and soft. images. Take note that some sections of fur are slightly darker than others.-6ILLUSTRATION 01-15 Watch closely the different directions in which the fur curves. appears to be shorter than the fur closer to the edges. projects. and keep your pencils sharpened.finearteducation.drawspace. Subtle graduations of different values. draw attention to the furry textures. The fur that is closest to the outer edges of the leg is lighter in value.com Web sites http://www.com and http://www. E-mail bhoddinott@hoddinott.com . Copyright to all articles. and curves outward at a downward angle along each side.

com Web sites http://www.drawspace. images. projects. text.-7ILLUSTRATION 01-16 Copyright to all articles. E-mail bhoddinott@hoddinott.com . lessons and exercises within this drawing class belong to Brenda Hoddinott and may not be reproduced or used for any commercial purposes whatsoever without the written permission of Brenda Hoddinott.finearteducation.com and http://www.

finearteducation.com .com and http://www.-8ILLUSTRATION 01-17 Copyright to all articles. lessons and exercises within this drawing class belong to Brenda Hoddinott and may not be reproduced or used for any commercial purposes whatsoever without the written permission of Brenda Hoddinott. projects.drawspace. E-mail bhoddinott@hoddinott. images. text.com Web sites http://www.

lessons and exercises within this drawing class belong to Brenda Hoddinott and may not be reproduced or used for any commercial purposes whatsoever without the written permission of Brenda Hoddinott. projects.com Web sites http://www.com and http://www.-9ILLUSTRATION 01-18 Copyright to all articles. images.drawspace. E-mail bhoddinott@hoddinott.finearteducation.com . text.

E-mail bhoddinott@hoddinott.com Web sites http://www. images.drawspace.com ..finearteducation.com and http://www. projects.10 ILLUSTRATION 01-19 Copyright to all articles. lessons and exercises within this drawing class belong to Brenda Hoddinott and may not be reproduced or used for any commercial purposes whatsoever without the written permission of Brenda Hoddinott. text.

images.drawspace..11 ILLUSTRATION 01-20 Copyright to all articles.finearteducation. projects. text.com . E-mail bhoddinott@hoddinott.com and http://www.com Web sites http://www. lessons and exercises within this drawing class belong to Brenda Hoddinott and may not be reproduced or used for any commercial purposes whatsoever without the written permission of Brenda Hoddinott.

projects.finearteducation. images.com and http://www.com Web sites http://www. text.com . E-mail bhoddinott@hoddinott. Watch closely the various directions in which the fur grows. lessons and exercises within this drawing class belong to Brenda Hoddinott and may not be reproduced or used for any commercial purposes whatsoever without the written permission of Brenda Hoddinott.12 ILLUSTRATION 01-21 11) With short thin hatching lines. add shading down the center section of the leg. Expect to sharpen your pencil often as you work – a sandpaper block works extremely well! 12) Use your 2B pencil to darken the shading in the shadow areas..drawspace. and freshly sharpened 2H and HB pencils. Copyright to all articles.

ILLUSTRATION 01-24 15) Continue the shading of the leg down onto the upper section of the paw. projects. lessons and exercises within this drawing class belong to Brenda Hoddinott and may not be reproduced or used for any commercial purposes whatsoever without the written permission of Brenda Hoddinott. so as to identify the pads of the toes.com Web sites http://www. Take your time and closely examine their locations and individual shapes. E-mail bhoddinott@hoddinott. images. you add shading to accentuate their three dimensional forms. Keep in mind that the light source is from the upper right! ILLUSTRATION 01-22 13) Draw five toenails on the puppy’s paw..finearteducation.com .drawspace. text. Copyright to all articles. each toe.13 - SHADING THE PARTS OF A PUPPY PAW After outlining the various parts of the paw. ILLUSTRATION 01-23 14) Add a fur textured outline around the paw. Observe how the underside of each toe is simply a curved line rather than a fuzzy outline.com and http://www.

14 ILLUSTRATION 01-25 16) Add shading between the toes on the right. lessons and exercises within this drawing class belong to Brenda Hoddinott and may not be reproduced or used for any commercial purposes whatsoever without the written permission of Brenda Hoddinott. Note how some furry lines extend down past the bottoms of the toe pads.drawspace. text.com .com Web sites http://www. ILLUSTRATION 01-26 18) Complete the shading of the toes. projects. Leave a thin section of white on each toe to provide the illusion of form. Copyright to all articles.finearteducation. E-mail bhoddinott@hoddinott. images. ILLUSTRATION 01-27 19) Add shading to the toenails. 17) Add dark shading to the toe pads.com and http://www..

lessons and exercises within this drawing class belong to Brenda Hoddinott and may not be reproduced or used for any commercial purposes whatsoever without the written permission of Brenda Hoddinott.drawspace.. Copyright to all articles.com and http://www. and add darker values to enhance the various forms. add a shadow under the paw.finearteducation.com . text. E-mail bhoddinott@hoddinott. 21) Use your 2B pencil to add the dark shading to the chest. you finish a small part of the puppy’s chest. images. 20) Add a little section of dark fur to the part of the body where the top of the leg meets the chest. projects.15 ILLUSTRATION 01-28 PUTTING IT ALL TOGETHER: ADDING FINAL DETAILS In this final section.com Web sites http://www. complete the overall shading.

text.drawspace.. and the part of the chest in the upper right. 23) Add the cast shadow under and to the left of the paw. lessons and exercises within this drawing class belong to Brenda Hoddinott and may not be reproduced or used for any commercial purposes whatsoever without the written permission of Brenda Hoddinott. E-mail bhoddinott@hoddinott.com and http://www.com Web sites http://www.16 ILLUSTRATION 01-29 22) Add darker shading to the paw with your 2B pencil.finearteducation. and HB and 2B pencils. projects. the fur on the left of the leg and paw. images.com . Use horizontal hatching lines. Copyright to all articles. Keep your pencil nice and sharp! Don’t forget the section of the shadow closest to the paw. 24) Use a freshly sharpened 4B pencil to add some very dark hatching lines to the darkest shadow sections (as in Illustration 01-30).

Remember.drawspace. and go hug a dog! There are only three ways to improve your drawing skills . text.finearteducation. images. projects. and draw some more! Copyright to all articles.com Web sites http://www. put today’s date on the back of your drawing..17 ILLUSTRATION 01-30 25) Check over your drawing and make changes to sections you aren’t happy with. lessons and exercises within this drawing class belong to Brenda Hoddinott and may not be reproduced or used for any commercial purposes whatsoever without the written permission of Brenda Hoddinott. choose another lesson. a strong contrast in values accentuates three dimensional forms.com .practice. add a big smile to your face. E-mail bhoddinott@hoddinott.com and http://www. Sign your name. practice and more practice! Grab another piece of paper.

The Complete Idiot’s Guide to Drawing People (2004): Winner of the Alpha-Penguin Book of the Year Award 2004. Inc. Brenda grew up in the small town of Corner Brook. home schooling programs. and teaching recreational drawing and painting classes. Students of all ages. including Royal Canadian Mounted Police and municipal police departments. E-mail bhoddinott@hoddinott. images.drawspace. She developed strong technical competencies with a personal commitment to self directed learning. portraitist. this 360 page book is available on various websites and in major bookstores internationally.BIOGRAPHY As a self-educated teacher. In 1992. conté crayon. and in 1994. York. Hence. forensic artist. and oil paints. charcoal. Brenda Hoddinott utilizes diverse art media including graphite.com and http://www. During Brenda’s twenty-five year career as a self-educated civilian forensic artist. IN.Pearson Education – Macmillan. technical pen. Brenda hired and trained teachers.com Web sites http://www.. John’s. and educational facilities throughout the world. Drawspace http://www. in creating a passion for the subject matter. text. Indianapolis. colored pencil. chalk pastel. New. she was awarded a Certificate of Membership from “Forensic Artists International”. painting. Copyright to all articles. My philosophy on teaching art is to focus primarily on the enjoyment aspects while gently introducing the technical and academic. the quest for knowledge also becomes enjoyable. lessons and exercises within this drawing class belong to Brenda Hoddinott and may not be reproduced or used for any commercial purposes whatsoever without the written permission of Brenda Hoddinott. Brenda chose to end her eighteen-year career as an art educator in order to devote more time to writing. and the aid of assorted “Learn to Draw” books. and illustrator. visual artist. >Brenda Hoddinott< Born in St. and designed curriculum for several children’s art programs.com . In 1998. levels and abilities have praised the simple step-by-step instructional approach.drawspace. LEARN-TO-DRAW BOOKS BY BRENDA HODDINOTT Drawing for Dummies (2003): Wiley Publishing. this 336 page book is available on various websites and in major bookstores internationally.finearteducation. and developing her websites. Newfoundland. numerous criminal investigation departments have employed Brenda’s skills. As supervisor of her community’s recreational art department. This site offers downloadable and printable drawing classes for students of all abilities from the age of eight through adult. NY. Brenda was honored with a commendation from the Royal Canadian Mounted Police. This site is respected as a resource for fine art educators. Alpha ..com incorporates her unique style and innovative approach to curriculum development.18 - BRENDA HODDINOTT . drawing. projects. Her home-based art career included graphic design.

Sign up to vote on this title
UsefulNot useful