A&P Airframe Chapter 7-9

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What could cause an AC electric motor to run to fast: Excessive applied voltage or shorted feild winding. What tool is used to check a motor or generator armature for shorts and opens under load conditions: A growler


What part of an aircraft is identified by a white navigation light: the tail What could cause an AC electric motor to run too slowly: Lack of lubrication. defective wiring. or low applied voltage. What should be done when making bonding or grounding connections between dissimilar materials: Use a suitable washer so that any corrosion will occur an the washer.





When using a Growler, what indication will occur when a short exists between an armature segment: When a metal blade is held over the armature and a short exists in a segment. the blade will begin to vibrate and "chatter."


Prior to making a continuity check, what must be done to an electrical circuit: The power must be turned off. What materials form the bases of the 3 types of hydraulic fluids: Vegetable, mineral and phosphate-esters. WHAT COLORS DENOTE MINERAL-BASED AND PHOSPHATE-ESTER BASED HYDRAULIC FLUIDS: Mineral based fluids are red and phosphate-ester based fluids are light purple.


How is the output voltage of an alternator controlled: By varying the field current that excites the alternator.


What instruments are used to monitor electrical system loads: Ammeters and Voltmeters.


How would you identify a specific wire in a wire bundle: By the identifivation code marked on the wire. What tool would you use to determine the size of an unmarked wire: a wire gauge.


What are the results of exposing lacquers, oil-based paint, plastic resins, and vinyl compounds to phosphate-ester based hydraulic fluid: The materials will be damaged and/or softened, or the paint will peel.


What color are the navigation lights on the wingtips: The left wingtip is red, the right wingtip is green


Name several types of electrical devices that would be considered intermittent loads on an electrical system: Landing gear, cowl and wing flap motors, and radio transmitters.


Name several sources used to develop hydraulic pressure: Hand pump, engine-driven pumps, and electrically driven pumps.


What would cause the bypass valve in a hydraulic filter to open and allow unfiltered fluid to circulate in the system: A clogged filter element


Why would it be necessary to analyze an electrical system before increasing the load on the system: To determine that the generator capacity, wire size, and protective device capacity will not be exceeded.

Describe several methods of pressurizing a hydraulic reservoir: Engine bleed air, system pressure acting on a small piston in the reservoir, using variable-displacement hydraulic pumps.


What factors should be considered when determining the wire size for a particular application: The system voltage. permissible voltage drop. current to be carried. wire length and whether the load is continuous or intermittent.

What feature prevents engine damage if an enginedriven hydraulic pump seizes or is overloaded: A shear section in the pump driveshaft will break, disconnecting the pump from the engine.


What is the relationship between the inside diameter of a conduit and the outside diameter of the wire bundle inside it: The conduit must be 25% larger than the wire bundle.

Describe the purpose of a pressure relief valve: Pressure relief valves limit the maximum pressure produced by the pump, thereby preventing failures of the system components.


What is the maximum number of terminal lugs that can be placed on a single terminal strip stud: Four What is the proper length for a bonding jumper: As short as practical. but long enough to allow free movement of the component.


Engine-driven pumps deliver the output fluid flow in what two forms: As a constant volume or a variable volume. Describe the operation of a gear-type pump: Two meshed gears, driven by a power source, rotate in a housing. Inlet fluid is carried around the outside of the gears and delivered to the outlet side as the gears rotate.



Under what conditions must a switch be derated from its nominal rating: When used with inductive citcuits with high in-rush current, and with DC motors.


at what point do electric motors draw the most current: When starting Circuit beakers are designed to open before what condition occurs: Before the wire emits smoke At what point in a circuit should the protective device be located: As close to the power source as possible. What type of circuit breaker may not be used in an aircraft: An automatic resetting type.


Describe the purpose of a pressure regulator: Pressure regulators manage the output of the pump to maintain system pressure. They allow the pump to be unloaded so it turns without significant resistance.



What is the device that is used in some systems to supplement the pump output during periods of high demand: An accumulator




What are the three different types of accumulators: Piston. diaphragm. and bladder.


What safety precautions must be taken prior to disassembling an accumulator: Release all of the air or preload


At what time should a gear retraction check be performed: During annual or other inspections and following a hard landing


When a hydraulic unit is replaced, what precautions should be taken to avoid contamination of the system: All lines should be capped or plugged immediately after they are disconnected.


What mechanism ensure that a nose wheel is not turned as it retracts into its wheelwell: Internal centering cams in the strut or an external track.


Name several types of brake actuating systems: Independent master cylinders, boosted brakes, and powercontrolled brakes.


What type of components or systems are pneumatically operated in some aircraft: Landing gear, brakes, flaps, and other mechanical actuators

What is the function of an anti-skid system: Anti-skid system allows large aircraft to achieve maximum braking effectiveness without allowing wheels to skid or lock.


Name several sources of pneumatic power: Storage bottles, engine bleed air, engine-driven compressors or vane-type pumps.

What is the purpose of a debooster: To resuce hydraulic system high pressure to a lower for more satisfactory brake action.


What happens to excess pressure in a pneumatic system: A relief valve vents it overboard. What is the function of a restrictor in a pneumatic system: To control the rate of flow of the airflow What are the reasons for periodically purging a pneumatic system: To remove moisture and contaminants. What is the purpose of a torque link on an oleo strut: to keep the wheel in alignment and prevent the piston from coming out of the cylinder.
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Describe two methods of bleeding brakes: A pressure pot can be attached to the bleeder valve and force fluid back towards the master cylinder or reservoir, or the master cylinder can be used for forcing fluid from the reservoir to the brakes Before a brake system can be inspected for leaks, what action must be accomplished: Pressure must be applied to the system.




A landing gear shock strut should be inflated with what gas(es): Nitrogen or dry air. What conditions should a mechanic look for during a regular inspection of the exposed piston section of a landing gear: Cleanliness, evidence of damage, and proper extension


What maintenance function has the greatest impact on tire life: ensuring that the tires are properly inflated. What effect does under-inflation have on aircraft tires: Internal heat damage possibly leading to premature tire failure. and more tread wear on the shoulders than in the center.




What prevents air from leaking out between the two halves of a split wheel assembly: An O-ring. Why are fusible plugs installed on some aircraft wheels: To release the pressure generated by heat built-up before a tire blows.



What safety precaution must be taken when removing a wheel from an axle or when disassembling a wheel: Verify that the tire is completely deflated before removing a wheel from a axle or before wheel disassebly.


What are the visible signs of excessive heating on a wheel bearing: The bearing surfaces show discoloration How are the pilot's nose wheel steering commands transmitted to the steering control unit of a large aircraft: Steering signals may be transmitted mechanically, electrically, or hydraulically



How is the nose wheel steering mechanism usually actuated on a small aircraft: By means of a mechanical linkage connected to the rudder pedals.


What is the name of the unit that prevents a nose wheel from vibrating or oscillating: A shimmy damper What are the most common sources of power used to extend and retract landing gear: Hydraulic pressure and electric motors.


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