problem solving | Motorcycle | Tire

QUESTION Solve the following problems using Polya’s model in 2 different strategies.

A police station has 25 vehicles consisting of motorcycles and cars. The total number of tyres of both motorcycles and cars equal to 70. Find the number of motorcycles and cars the station has.

Answer for question
1. For this question, the first strategy that we use is the Drawing or

Sketches’s strategy.

Step 1: FIND OUT First, we must draw the vehicles with two tyres. Then, we must add the tyres until the number of tyres equal to 70. After that, we can see how much motorcycles and cars.

Step 2: CHOOSE A STRATEGY How should we approach this problem? We can make skatches. Step 3: SOLVE IT Before we add 2 more tyres to make the number of tyres become 70: OO OO OO OO OO OO OO OO OO OO OO OO OO OO OO OO OO OO OO OO

OO

OO

OO

OO

OO

After we add 2 more tyres to make the number of tyres become 70: OOOO OOOO OO OO OO OOOO OOOO OO OO OO OOOO OOOO OO OO OO OOOO OOOO OO OO OO OOOO OOOO OO OO OO

Sign: OOOO – Car

OO - Motorcycle

From this sketches, we can see how much number of motorcycles and cars at the police station. There are 15 motorcycles and 10 cars in the police station.

Step 4: LOOK BACK Did we answer the correct question, and does our answer seem reasonable? Yes. (If you want to know our answer is correct or not, you must count the number of vehicle’s tyres).

2. The second strategy that we use is Make a Chart’s strategy.

Step 1: FIND OUT What is the question we have to answer? How many motorcycles and cars in the police station. How many vehicles in the police station? 25 vehicles. How many number of vehicle’s tyres in police station? 70 tyres. How many tyres that motorcycles have? 2 tyres. How many tyres that cars have? 4 tyres.

Step 2: CHOOSE A STRATEGY What strategy will help here? We could model this on paper, but accuracy would suffer. We could also use equations. But, let’s make a table.

Step 3: SOLVE IT Firstly, we make a table with 5 rows and 3 columns. Then, we choose our target. For example, in the police station have 6 cars and 19 motorcycles. So we can see the total of vehicles in the police station is 62 vehicles. Then, we try and error with the same ratio until we get the answer which are 15 motorcycles and 10 cars: CARS ( 4 TYRES) 6 7 8 MOTORCYCLES (2 TYRES) 19 18 17 TOTAL OF VEHICLES (70 TYRES) 62 64 66

9 10

16 15

68 70

Calculation: 1 car have 4 tyres. 1 motorcycles have 2 tyres. So, if there has 6 cars and 19 motorcycles... 6 x 4 = 24 and 19 x 2 = 38 And the total of vehicles are 62 (24+38). But, the answer is wrong.

So, we try and error with the same ratio until we get the correct answer which are 10 cars and 15 motocycles: 10 x 4 = 40 and 15 x 2 = 30. The total of vehicles are 70 (40 + 30). The answer is correct.

Step 4: LOOK BACK Did we answer the question asked? Yes. Does our answer seem reasonable? Yes.

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