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SCHOOL: Claude McKay High TEACHER: Reynaldo Thomas SUBJECT: Human And Social Biology SUBTOPIC: Structure and Purpose of the Circulatory System HUMAN AND SOCIAL BIOLOGY CLASS: 10 CMH DATE: May 1 - ,2013 UNIT TOPIC: The Circulatory System GENERAL OBJECTIVES At the end of this lesson students should : 1. Be cognizant as to why humans need a circulatory system. 2. Be knowledgeable about the structures of our circulatory system. SPECIFIC OBJECTIVES 3. Be cognizant of the blood and what it contain At the end of this lesson students should be able to : 1. a. explain the need for a transport system in the human body. 1. b. identify the materials which need to be transport around the human body. 2. a. list the components of the circulatory system. 2. b. relate the structures of the heart to their functions 2. c. explain blood flow through the heart

3. a. state the different types of blood cells 3. b. relate the components of the blood to its function


1. The internet : 2. Textbook: Human and Social Biology for CSEC Examinations Pages 137 to 141.


1. Explanation: Teacher will explain the importance of the circulatory system in humans. 2. Discussions: Both teacher and Students will discuss how the circulatory system works with other systems of body. 3. Questions and Answers: Students will answer questions related to the topic.


Purpose of the circulatory System The circulatory system, which transport stub stances from one part of the body to another is necessary to supply and remove all the substances needed by the body cells. every cell in the body requires a supply of oxygen and nutrients and HUMAN AND SOCIAL BIOLOGY removal of waste products. This supply is maintained by a constant flow of blood in the circulatory system.

Materials need to be transported oxygen nutrients carbon dioxide heat urea

The structures of the human heart The human heart has four chambers: two ventricles, each of which is a muscular chamber that squeezes blood out of the heart and into the blood vessels, and atria, each of which is a muscular chamber that drains and then squeezes blood into the ventricles. The two atria reside at the top of the heart; the two ventricles are at the bottom. And, the heart is divided into left and right halves, so there is a left atrium and left ventricle, as well as a right atrium and right ventricle. two

Blood flow through the heart Blood now returns to the heart from the lungs by way of the pulmonary veins and goes into the left atrium (LA) When the LA contracts, blood travels through the mitral valve and into the left ventricle (LV). The LV is a very important