# Part 1 (a

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this is .Part 1 (b) Part 2 (a) Part 2 (b 1) Part 2 (b 2) Part 3 (a) Part 3 (b) Part 3 (c) Part 3 (d) Part 3 (e) Part 1 (b) Pi or π is a mathematical constant whose value is the ratio of any circle’s circumference to its diameter in Euclidean space .

roots. spelled out Pi in text. and popularized by leonhard eular in 1737 . π is an irratonal number. [2] the constant. The greek letter π. was adopter for the number from the “πepipetpog” . π is one of the most formula from mathematics. archimedes. science. Throughout the history of mathematics.ect) can be equal to its value.first by William Jones in 1707. which means that not finite sequence of algebraic operation on integers (power. constant (not to be confusedwith an archimedes number). Its also a transcidential number. and engineering ivolve π.the same valueas the ratio of a circle’s area to the square of its radius. proving this was late achievement in mathematical historyand a significant result of 19th century German mathematies.fascination with the number has even carried over non-mathematical culture.sum.5π Length of arc BCR in term of π(cm) 9. there has been much effort to determine π more accurately and to understand its nature. or ludolph’ umer (from a German mathematician whase efforts to calculate more of its digits became famous) Part 2 (a) d1(cm) d2(cm) 1 2 3 19 18 17 Length of arc PQR in terms of π 10π 10π 10π Length of arc PAB in terms of π(cm) 0. Consequently.5π 1π 1. which means that its value cannot be expressed exactly as afraction m/n where m and n are integer.5π . Its is approximately equal to 3. its decimal representation never endsor repeats.14159 in the usual decima notation.5π 9π 8.

4 5 16 15 10π 10π 2π 2. . Sin = sout .5π 8π 7.5π table 1 Arc length of PQR arc length of PAB + Arc length BCR 𝑺 𝑷𝑸𝑹 = 𝑺 𝑷𝑨𝑩 + 𝑺 𝑩𝑪𝑹 The length of arc of the outer Semicle soul Subtitude : The sum of the length of arcs of the inner semicircles : Where is any positive real number we can see That.

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d of another circle. If all the objects are circle. and the two semicircles which is AEB and BFC. therewould be no balance and stability. As in conclusion. we may still obtained a linear graph because Sin=Sout wherethe diameter has a constant value for a semicircle. In Pi(π). C will also have twice of its value. . PAB and BCR where the semicirclesPQR is the outer semicircle while inner semicircle PAB and BCR is Length of arc=PQR= Length of PAB + Length of arc BCR. Part 3: In semicircle ABC(the shaded region). where preserving the ratio =Cid Part 2: The relation between the length of arcs PQR. a ball or a wheel. thus thecircunference. For example: a fan. When we plot a straight link graphbased on linear law.142 or 22/7 asthe best value of pi.the area of the shaded region semicircle ADC is written as in Area of shaded regionADC =Area of ADC – (Area of AEB + Area of BFC). we accept 3.The length of arc for each semicircles can beobtained as in length of arc = 1/2(2πr).Part 1: Not all objects surrounding us are related to circles. The circumference of the circle is proportional as pi(π) xdiameter. we could related circles inobjects. In our daily life. If the circle has twice the diameter. outer semicircle is alsoequal to the inner semicircles where Sin=Sout .