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Department of Mechanical Engineering Cycle Test I Sub Code: ME0205 Sub Name: Fluid Mechanics Course/Year/Sem: B.Tech/II/III PART A 1. Differentiate between solids and fluids. 2. Differentiate between liquids and gases. 3. State the characteristics of ideal and real fluids. 4. What is difference between Cohesion and Adhesion? 5. Define dynamic and kinematics viscosity of fluids. 6. What is effect of temperature on viscosity? 7. Define Bulk modulus of fluid. 8. What is surface tension? 9. State Newtons law of viscosity. PART B ( 2 X 16 = 32 marks) ( 9 x 2 = 18 marks) Date: 12.08.2011 Time: 90 minutes Total Marks: 50

10. a) Two plates are placed at a distance of 0.15mm apart. The lower plate is fixed while the upper plate having surface area 1.0 m2 is pulled at 0.3 m/s. Find the force and power required to maintain this speed, if the fluid separating them is having viscosity 1.5 poise. b) Determine the intensity of shear of an oil having viscosity = 1.2 poise and is used for lubrication in the clearance between a 10 cm diameter shaft and its journal bearing. The clearance is 1.0mm and shaft rotates at 200 r.p.m. (OR) 11. a) A shaft of diameter 120mm is rotating inside a journal bearing of diameter 122mm at a speed of 360 r.p.m. The space between the shaft and the bearing is filled with g lubricating oil of viscosity 6 poise. Find the power absorbed in oil if the length of bearing is 100mm. b) The velocity distribution over a plate is given by u =2/3y-y2 in which u is the velocity in m/sec at a distance of y m above the plate. Determine the shear stress at y = 0, 0.1 and 0.2 m. Take viscosity is 6 poise

12 A U-tube manometer is used to measure the pressure of water in a pipeline which is in excess of atmospheric pressure. The right limb of the manometer contains mercury and is open to atmosphere. The contact between water and mercury in the left limb. Determine the pressure of water in the mainline if the difference in level of mercury in the limbs of U-tube is 10cm and the free surface of mercury is in level with the centre of the pipe. It the pressure of water in pipe line is reduced to 9810 N/M2, calculate the new difference in the level and mercury. Sketch the arrangement. (OR) 13 Water is flowing through two different pipes to which an inverted differential manometer having an oil of specific gravity 0.8 is connected. The pressure head in the pipe A is 2m of water, find the pressure in the pipe B for the manometer reading as shown in fig.

Department of Mechanical Engineering Cycle Test I Sub Code: ME0205 Sub Name: Fluid Mechanics Course/Year/Sem: B.Tech/II/III PART A 1 Define fluid. 2 What is meant by fluid statics, Kinematics, and Dynamics? 3 Give the relationship between mass density and weight density. 4 Which property of the fluid causes viscosity? 5 What is compressibility of fluid? 6 Give some examples of phenomenon of surface tension. 7 For what range of contact angle of a fluid the following will occur. (i)Capillary rise, (ii) Capillary fall. 8 Write the expression for, Excess pressure (i) in a droplet. (ii) in a soap bubble. 9 Define relative (or) specific gravity of a fluid. PART B ( 2 X 16 = 32 marks) 10. a) The velocity distribution for flow over a flat plate is given by u =3/2 y y3/2 where u is the point velocity in metre per second at a distance y metre above the plate. Determine the shear stress at y = 9 cm. Assume dynamic viscosity as 8 poise. b) An oil of viscosity 5 poise is used for lubrication between a shaft and sleeve. The diameter of shaft is 0.5 m and it rotates at 200 r.p.m. Calculate the power lost in the oil for a sleeve length of 100 mm. The thickness of the oil is 1.0 mm. (OR) 12. a) Derive an expression for finding the increase in pressure inside a droplet and a bubble due to surface tension. b) Derive an expression for finding the capillary rise (h) when a glass tube of diameter (d) is immersed in a liquid. 13. A differential manometer is connected at the two points A and B of two pipes as shown in fig 1. The pipe A contains liquid of specific gravity 1.5 while pipe B contains a liquid of specific gravity 0.9. The pressure at A and B are 9.81 x 104 N/m2 and 17.66 N/m2 respectively. Find the difference in mercury level in the manometer. (OR) 14. Find out the differential reading h of an inverted U tube manometer containing oil of specific gravity 0.7 as the manometric fluid when connected across pipes A and B as shown in the fig 2. conveying liquids of specific gravity 1.2 and 1.0 and immiscible with manometric fluid. Pipes A and B are located at the same level and assume pressure at A and pressure at B is equal. Date: 12.08.2011 Time: 90 minutes Total Marks: 50

(9 X 2 = 18 marks)

Fig 1.

Fig 2.

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