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HYDROSTATIC CURVES

Hydrostatic information is usually supplied to the ship's officer in the form of a table or a graph. The various items of hydrostatic information are plotted against draft. The various hydrostatic informations include Tones displacement Longitudinal centre of buoyancy Vertical centre of buoyancy(KB) Longitudinal centre of floatation KML KMT Moment to change trim by 1 cm Tones per cm immersion Form coefficients

When information is required for a specific draft, first locate the draft on the scale on the lefthand margin of the figure or curve. Then draw a horizontal line through the draft to cut all of the curves on the curve. Next draw a perpendicular through the intersections of this line with each of the curves in turn and read off the information from the appropriate scale.

1. Tones displacement By looking onto the tones displacement curve in hydrostatics, we will be able to know the displacement for all drafts. That is, we can find the displacement at a particular draft by just referring the curve. The tones displacement for a particular draft is obtained by multiplying the underwater volume and density. 2. Longitudinal centre of buoyancy Longitudinal centre of buoyancy is the centroid of the underwater volume for a particular draft in the longitudinal axis. 3. Vertical centre of buoyancy Vertical centre of buoyancy is the centroid of the underwater volume for a particular draft in the vertical axis. It is also called KB. That is the distance from keel to vertical centre of buoyancy.

4. Longitudinal centre of floatation Longitudinal centre of floatation of a draft is the centroid of water plane area for that particular draft. LCF is the point with respect to which ship trims. So we can say that LCF is the fulcrum of the vessel. 5. KML KML is the distance between keel to longitudinal metacentric height. We will not get KML directly. For finding KML we have to find BML and add it with KB to obtain KML.

KML=KB+BML

BML=

IL= Moment of inertia about transverse axis.

6. KMT KMT is the distance from keel to transverse metacentric height. We are finding KMT in the same way as that of KML. The value of KMT is much lower than KML. As the value of KM increases stability increases.

BMT=

IT= Moment of inertia about Longitudinal axis.

7. Tones per cm immersion This curve gives the idea of, how much weight should be added to get an increase in draft by 1 cm. so by looking this curve we are able to know the weight that should be added to immerse the vessel by 1cm. TPC= WPA= Water plane area Density of salty water= 1.025 t/m3

8. Moment to change trim This curve gives the moment in a particular draft to change the trim by 1cm. so by looking onto this curve we will be able to know the moment that should be excerted to change the trim by 1 cm. MCT=

9. Form coefficients Commonly form coefficients are not added in hydrostatic curves. The form coefficients such as CB,CM,CW,CP are plotted for different drafts in some hydrostatics.

Example for hydrostatic curve