This action might not be possible to undo. Are you sure you want to continue?
Lab Report #5
Human Factor Engineering
Lab Report #5 Azeem Iqbal 091420-018
Human Factor Engineering
Azeem Iqbal I. eliminated by reducing overlap between side and rearview mirr ors. Other areas that are sometimes called blind spots are those that are too low to see behind. areas towards the rear of the vehicle on both sides. or reduced by installing mirrors with larger fields-of-view. Azeem Iqbal Human Factor Engineering 091420018 . trucks. Detection of vehicles or other objects in such blind spots are aided by systems such as video cameras or distance sensors. 1.  II. though these remain uncommon or expensive options in general-purpose automobiles. in front. Vehicles in the adjacent lanes of the road that fall into these blind spots may not be visible using only the car's mirrors. or to the sides of a vehicle. such as vans. The most common are the rear quarter blind spots. Blind Spots Definition A blind spot in a vehicle are areas around the vehicle that cannot be directly observed under existing circumstances. Human Factor Engineering 091420018 Objective To check the side mirrors of different cars Theory A. especially those with a high seating position. Rear quarter blind spots can be: checked by turning one's head briefly (risking rear-end collisions). and SUVs. As one is driving an automobile. blind spots are the areas of the road that cannot be seen while looking forward or through either the rear-view or side mirrors.
The invention also operates where instead of one mirror. causing the diaphragm to be sucked backwards. Another newer development is a blind spot eliminator that uses radar or other technologies to detect objects in the blind spot 3. such that the other mirror is left to expose the rear-view of the car. Panoramic rear-view mirrors widen the rear view field as well to allow coverage of rear-quarter blind spots. When a winker switch is activated.  Azeem Iqbal Human Factor Engineering 091420018 . connected to a mirror unit and to the frame. resulting in said mirror unit pivoting backwards to expose the blind spot. "Aspheric" mirrors allow blind spots to be eliminated while minimizing distortion by enlarging the field of view by 1. The invention can also operate by pivoting the mirror frame to expose the blind spot rather than pivoting the mirror unit. further.Azeem Iqbal 2. having a diaphragm sealing disposed therein. which exposes the blind spot in the direction in which a vehicle makes a turn. the diaphragm housing is activated by vacuum. to be installed at the back of mechanically or electrically operated side-rear view mirrors. These mirrors can bring blind spots into view. when there is no vacuum the mirror unit is returned to its original position by the returning means. which cannot see from behind at all without these cameras. Modern Mirrors Following are USA Patent Side-View Mirror Inventions Vacuum controlled side-rear view mirror for exposing blind spot is an apparatus. allowing the view from behind without having to look back. there are two mirrors hinged together. Volvo deals with the problem with a system called Blind Spot Information System. but their optical properties impart a great deal of distortion so as to make it difficult to judge distances. whereby the mechanical device pivots only one of the mirrors to expose the blind spot. These are most useful in tractor trailers.7 times. 091420018 Rear bumpers of large vehicles can be fitted with rear-view cameras. Human Factor Engineering Equipment  Equipment that can help eliminate blind spots are "fisheye mirrors" or "bubble mirrors" which are part of or adhered to the side-view mirror.4 to 1. A mechanical device.
g. A software filter prevents the mirror from being moved unless a predetermined change in the vehicle angle is detected. This frequency increases significantly in suburban rush hour commutes. The headlights of an approaching vehicle can cause a glaring light to propagate from both the rear view mirror and the side view mirrors of an automobile. The conventional rear view mirror has a manual switch which selectively moves the rear view mirror between a normal viewing position and an anti-glare viewing position. The prior art does not disclose a side view mirror which automatically acts to prevent the effects of glare.700lbs Hummer H2 SUV) from highway speeds to a complete stop. In average daily commutes. However. Aside from causing discomfort. the invention relates to an external side view mirror for an automobile which shifts from a normal viewing position to an anti-glare viewing position when the automobile's interior rear view mirror is set to its anti-glare viewing position. unattended! If you could use the distance traveled while you’re not looking at the road ahead for advance emergency braking.Azeem Iqbal Human Factor Engineering Automatic Tilting Side View Mirrors 091420018 This relates to an automatic tilting side view mirror. drivers change lanes once every 2. the 6. ii. a driver also has to deal with the veritable problem of glare.76 miles. by the time your turn your head away from the traffic your vehicle travels more than half of a football field. This is accomplished without driver intervention through the use of a microprocessor receiving the outputs of either a plurality of ultrasonic transducers or a pair of fluxgate compasses. Night driving can be very dangerous. iii. interior rear view mirrors with adjustable mirror surfaces that prevent some of the effects of glare have become known in the art. this glare can be quite precarious because it can obstruct a driver's vision from road obstacles ahead. Aside from the lack of visibility. The microprocessor uses the aforementioned outputs to determine the rotational angle between the trailer and the tractor.  Automatic side view mirror tracking system An automatic side view mirror tracking and control system enables drivers of articulated vehicles such as tractor trailers to keep visual contact with the side and rear of the trailer throughout a turn while backing the vehicle. the mirror is moved to a position commensurate with the subject angle so that the driver of the vehicle is able to view the side and rear corner of the vehicle. Facts i. you could bring even the largest vehicle on the road (e. Based upon these determinations.  4. In a conventional head turn to check your blind spot. You are three times more likely to be in an accident when changing lanes than if you continue driving in the same lane. safely. More particularly.  Human Factor Engineering 091420018 Azeem Iqbal .
That’s approximately 630.  Every year. A.Azeem Iqbal iv. III.  v.000 collisions every year. Dimensions Dimensions Length Width Height Tire to tire Distance Civic 2000Vti 162inch 62inch 58inch 103inch Cultus 144inch 60inch 56inch 94inch Azeem Iqbal Human Factor Engineering 091420018 . there are 726 deaths in collisions due to improper lane changes or merges. Human Factor Engineering 091420018 1 out of 25 accidents on America’s highways today is due to unsafe lane changes and merges. Apparatus Two Cars o Civic Vti 2000 o Cultus Volunteer Driver Volunteer Spectator Inches Tape Chalk Procedure i) Measure the dimensions of the car ii) Adjust the side mirror to appropriate position iii) Adjustment should be according to Volunteer Driver’s ease iv) Measure distance of 60inch from center of the back wheel at the driver’s end v) Volunteer spectator will stand at that point and gradually move away from the car till he is no longer visible to the Volunteer Driver vi) Volunteer Driver should keep himself normal as if he was driving and observe the Spectator closely vii) Spectator will stops at the point where he is no longer visible to the Volunteer Driver viii) Measure the point of no visibility from the 60inch distance ix) Increase the distance by 60inch and take 7 reading accordingly x) Repeat the procedure for other car xi) Deduce results from the data about the side mirrors efficiency and effectiveness Experimental Data IV. V.
With the increase in the distance the visibility of objects from the driver’s eye who is sitting inside a Civic car is very consistent and keeps up till 240inch of the wide Azeem Iqbal Human Factor Engineering 091420018 . the civic out performs cultus in every manner.e.Azeem Iqbal Human Factor Engineering 091420018 B. BUT! With the increase of the distance i. Visibility Ranges Vertical Distance from the Car 60 in 120 in 180 in 240 in 310 in 370 in 430 in Parallel distance of the visibility Civic 2000Vti Cultus 64in 39 in 101in 136 in 164 in 193 in 238 in 287 in 58 in 74 in 78 in 111 in 126 in 162 in VI. Analysis 350 300 250 Visibility 200 150 100 50 0 60inch 120inch 180inch 240inch 300inch Distance 360inch 420inch Cultus Civic The graphical analysis is the best method to express the immense difference between the effectiveness of the two side view mirrors of Civic 2000Vti and Cultus. from the center of the back driving wheel to 60inch back. The graph clearly shows that at the starting point both the mirrors have equal visibility of the objects beside the car body at the back.
freepatentsonline.5 lanes. The angles are shown and the whole calculation is shown in the attached document with this report. One must look over his shoulder to the side to see this.com/5993013. Dingus. Olsen  http://www. The calculations are based on Right Angle Triangle’s Pythagoras Theorem. Often. VII. References  http://www. Chair US National Highway Transportation Safety Administration (NHTSA) 2002a Fatal Accident Reporting System data  National Institute of Child Health & Human Development.com/5748395.4◦ The calculations are given in the attached document. where a bike can be left undetected.freepatentsonline. Cultus VXR 2007 does not have a consistent visibility. Looking over your shoulders gives you additional necessary information about the behavior of traffic around you that you can never get from mirrors no matter how well they are placed. Dr.5◦ 2. Civic’s visibility angle is 9. Cultus’s visibility angle is 5.com/5566028. Thomas A. In most cars. while cars (unlike bikes) can be seen from a distance of at least 1. Angles The extents of visibilities produce viewing angles from the cars.freepatentsonline. The calculations show that 1.com/automatic-side-view-mirror-tracking-system-5719713. B.com/blind+spot  http://en.html VIII.wikipedia. there still is a small blind-spot near the center beam of the car in the next lane. National Institutes of Health 2004 “Lane Change Warning Design Guidelines” by Erik C.org/wiki/Blind_spot_(automobile)  Canadian Broadcasting Corporation. Be careful and peek over your shoulder to the side when changing lanes in highways with multiple lanes (more than 2). Comments Don't adjust mirrors while driving. this mirror adjustment practically eliminates blind spots to a distance of about a lane. 2007  US Dept of Transportation’s 2004 HS 809 702 ” Naturalistic Lane-Change Filed Data Reduction. Analysis and Archiving”  Based on eye glance data from Virginia Polytechnic Institute & State University’s 1997 “Examination of Driver Lane Change Behavior and the Potential Effectiveness of Warning Onset Rules for Lane Change or Side Crash Avoidance Systems” by Shannon Hetrick.html  http://www.html  http://www.thefreedictionary.html  http://www. Looking behind is unnecessary.patents. CBC News. Human Factor Engineering 091420018 Azeem Iqbal . A.Azeem Iqbal Human Factor Engineering 091420018 angle that it gains. It varies immensely throughout the range of the visibility and is quite dangerous.
not to mention distorting the image displayed within them. These mirrors show you the inside of your car more than they expand the visual field to the rear. and carrying a risk of shattering into the driver's eyes in an accident or result in glare during night driving. Small convex mirrors mounted on the sides are better. Azeem Iqbal Human Factor Engineering 091420018 .Azeem Iqbal Human Factor Engineering 091420018 Do not install wide mirrors over your original center-mirror and do not mount large convex mirrors or "fish-eye" mirrors over your side mirrors.
This action might not be possible to undo. Are you sure you want to continue?
We've moved you to where you read on your other device.
Get the full title to continue reading from where you left off, or restart the preview.