Mihring hmanga sumdawnna leh Hmarchhak ram tunhnai thilthleng

(Human Trafficking and recent events in Northeast India) C. Lalremruata 25th September 2008 Kum zabi 21 na kan chuankai hnu, computer leh khawl thluak nei te hmanga miin hna an thawh tawh lai leh Thla mai nilo Sikeisena-ah te inkahkai an tum tawh lai pawh a kan khawvel hmun tina Sal neihna (modern day slavery) la awm reng hi thil zahthlak tak tawpkhawk a ni a, chuvangin he sal neihna hi do turin mitin kan tanrual a, kan rilru zawng zawnga kan invent a ngai em em a ni. Tunlai huna sal neihna (modern day slavery) hi ngun taka ngaihtuah chuan hmanlai sal neihna aia a rapthlak lohna reng reng a awm lo a, a rapthlak mah mah zawk a ni, chu sal neihna chu bumna leh tihluihna hmanga inawpbehna a ni a, mahni taksa chungah thu an neilo a, hlau leh khurin an awm a, taksa nat leh nat loh pawh sawi theiloa in awpbehna tunlai huna sal neihna kan tih chu Human Trafficking hi a ni. Human Trafficking hi United Nations chuan a Protocol to Prevent, Suppress and Punish Trafficking in Person Especially Women and Children, Supplementing United Nations Convention against Transnational Organised Crime hmangin hetiang hian a hrilhfiah : “Trafficking in Person chuan midangte mi thuhnuaia dah tura - hnathawk tura lak te, an awmna sawn leh chakna/tharum hmanga rukbo emaw bum emaw; thuneihna hmanga hnehchhiah leh an mimal zalenna laksak te a huam a. Midang thuhnuaia dah /hnehchhiah chuan a lo berah tihluihna hmanga hursualna lama hman te, hnarim thawhtir te, Sal leh chhiahhlawh anga enkawl leh an taksa bung tihkhawloh te a huam a ni”. Northeast State ah hian tunhnai atang khan hmeichhia leh naupang tihluihnaa hnathawk tur a lak (force labour), nupuia neih lem (fake marriage) leh nawhchizawhna a hman (Commercial Sex Work)atana trafficked a lar hle a niin sawi a ni a, a chhan hrang hrang nia lang te chu; ramri kan awlsam lutuk (porous border), hnathawhtur awmloh vang (lack of employment opportunities), retheihna (poverty) leh a chhan dang tam tak a awm ang. Nitin hian heng hmarchhak state atang hian mi pakhat chu bum chhuah (trafficked) ziah ang an nia sawi a ni. Hmarchhak ramah hian Bangladesh, Burma leh Nepal ram atang tein mi tam tak kum tinin rawn tawlhluh ruk thin an ni a, hmun dangah an thawnchhuak leh bakw thin a, chuvang chuan mithiam chuan transit point an ti a, heng te avang hian Human Trafficking ah hian hmarchhak ram te hi kan himlo lehzual a, Migration leh Human Trafficking hi thil inzawm taka ni tlat a ni. North East States te hi tunhnai atangin human traffickers ten an chetlakna atana an duhthlan hmun hmun (hot spot) a ni a, heng trafficker te hian an rawn hmalak nasatna leh tan an lak mek na a ni a, mipui ten enge traffickin gi hi tih kan la hreloin heti lamah hian kan la ngawng em em a, chuvangin kan fimkhur a ngai em em a ni. Hmeichhia leh

naupang engmah hrelo rilru fim tak te chu hmun danga hna pek tiamin an hruaichhuak mek a ni. Hmarchhak ram tlangmite hi a tlangpuii kan vun a nalh a, chubakah kan hmel a tha a, Korean lam kan an deuh avang hian hmun tama takah nawhchizawrhna tan an duh em em a, chu mai bakah mirethei tak tak kan tam a, hnathawhtur a vang em em bawk a, kan economics dinhmun a hniam in ram buai leh helpawl chet tlatna hmun a ni a, sawi tawh angina mipuiin Human Trafficking chungchang hi kan ka hreloin kan la bengkhawn lo em em a, Dan kan hriatloh avangin mi tam takin an tuar tawh a ni. Mizoramah tunlaiin he Human Trafficking chungchang hi a rawn hluar chho mek a; hman kum lawk pawh khan Delhi-ah Mizo hnamdang pasal nei chu a mizo hmeichhiatpui te hnamdang hnena zuar thina puhin man a lo ni tawh a, Vairengte naupang chu Sipai officer pakhat chuan awmpui tura laina a bo tawh bawk a, Aizawl a hnamdang taxi driver pakhat chuan hnamdang kawppui tur nula te a lo zawnpui thin tah nia sawi a ni a, man a ni a (mahse tunah hian bail in a chhuak leh tawh a, a duh duhin a khawsa leh tawh niin an sawi). Tin, Malaysia leh Bangalore-ah hna hmuhsak nia insawiin thalaite an hruai a, mahse an sawi ang a lo ni leh silo ni awm a ni a, 2006 kum mai pawh khan Mumbai Mizo Association chuan thuchhuah siamin mizo tamtak Mumbai leh a chhehvelah receptionist tura lak, an thlen hnua an hna thlak sak leh hlawh hmu mumallo an awm a, chuvangin fimkhur a ngai an tih thu te an chhuah a, hetiang tuar hi kan lo awm nual tawh a ni. A bik takin Assam leh Meghalaya, Nagaland te hi hmarchhak state ho zingah chuan a tuar nasa zual an ni a, keini mizo te pawhin kan tuar mek a. Dan lam kan hriatloh avang leh he Human Trafficking hi inhriattirna tha kan la neihloh em avangin kan la hmelhriat vaklo mai niin alang a, kan zingah he sual tenawm tak hi a cheng mek a, kan inven a ngai tak meuh meuh a ni. Hna kan zawnna kawngah hian kan fimkhur a ngai tak meuh meuh a ni, heng trafficker te hian hmeichhia leh naupang te an tum bik thin tih kan hriat ngei ngei a tul hle a ni. Hetiang hian website misual.com ah chuan tar a ni. Mizoram pawna hnazawngte tan fimkhur a tha : Hman ni deuh pawh khan Serena Spa, Mangalore a thawk turin Mizo nula tleirawl an rawn thlem vak mai a, mi tam takin zawm an lo tum nghal mai pek a. Fimkhur thilah lo thlithlai anih angin belh tlak loh, hmingchhe tak (reputation tha lo tak) an ni tih hmuhchhuah a ni hman hlauh a. Kan tleirawl lungmawl tak takte chu an rin lawk lohna nawhchizawrhna khurah an lo zuang lut hman thelh a lo ni. Hetiang deuh chi hi Mumbaiah pawh thil a awm tawh a. Mizo thalai an tang nual hman tawh nghe nghe a ni. (http://misual.com/2008/05/09/mizoram-pawna-hnazawngte-tan-fimkhur-a-tha/) Tunlaiin mi thenkhatin foreign leh phaiah hna hmuhsak thei angin chanchinbu-ah Advertisement hmang tein an inzuar mek a, tin, phai lam atanga rawn kal hnathawk tur zawng an awm zeuh zeuh bak a (heng mite hi an ti hle) mipa tan thawhtur a van em em laiin hmeichhia erawh chu an duh em em reng si a, hna tha tak tak leh hlawh tam tak tak te an ni hlawm a, mahse heng company leh hna latu te hi kan hriat ngai lemloh leh larlo tak tak te an ni hlawm, heng recruiter te hi trafficker an ni kherlo mai thei, mahse an hnathawhna hmunah an tawk thei a, an la tuar thei chauh a ni, amaherawhchu kan tuar

thei a ni tih hriain kan inven thiam a ngai hle a, hna awm apiang bawh mai hi a himlo thei a ni. Registration mumal tak an nei em tihte en hmasak atha khawp mai. Chumai a nilo tunlaiin Mizoramah chhungah mi tam takin ramdang leh hmun dangah hna inhmuhsak thei nia insawi tam tak an awm chungchangah mizo mipuite kan fimkhur a ngai tak meuh meuh a ni, thalai tam tak mahni ke a din tumin an theihna zawn zawnah hna an zawng mek a, kan ramah hna a tlem avangin hmundang pan a hna zawn a ngai a, thalai vengva chin te chuan ram dang leh state dangah hna zawn an intihhmuh mek a, hei hi a lawmawm tak tak a ni, amaherawhchu heng thalai rilru thianghlim tak te rilru thianghlimna leh hna duhna avanga tuihal mek te bum a hma la an awm tan mek niin a lang, a hetiang thil a awm hi a thalo tak meuh meuh a ni. India ram state tam takah hetianga hna inhmuhsak thei nia insawi hi an awm tawh thin a, mi tam takin an nunna an chan phah a, an chhungkua in a chhiatphaha a, leiba neiin mi tamtak an awm phah tawh a, tin, an duhloh chungchung hnarim thawhluihtir leh nawhchi zawrhtir te an awm tawh a ni. Mihring hmanga sumdawntu te tihdan hmasaber chu an mi bum turte rin theih turin an awm a, engemaw an tiam phawt thin, chung an tiamtu ni thin te chu
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Hmeichhia (trafficking victims lo ni tawh te chang chuan an ni thin) Employees of false employment (employment Agency mi leh sa lem/(zirna), study/(zin khawthawnna) travel/leh modeling Agencies. Thenawm khawveng, anmahni hrechingtu. Thiante emaw, mipa thiante emaw chhungkaw chhunga mi ngei te pawh School a thiante

Hetianga bumtu te hi an tumah hian an chian em avangin an thusawi pawh a awihawm em em a, hna tha tak tak an tiam a, tin ram danga hna thawk tur ang zirna sang leh tha zawk bei tur ang emaw ram chhungah pawh chutiang tho chuan an ti thin. Pawisa an harsatpawn tanpui thei tur ang leh travel documents (Visa, passport etc) thlengin an tihpui theih thu te an sawi thin, aching phei chuan chanchinbu leh media-ah te Advertisement chhuahin an Agency lem emaw company lem emaw chuan hlawkna tha tak an pe thei tiin mi rilru lak tumin an ti thin. tam tak chuan hmeichhia hna hniam zawk thawk te be kualin ram dangah pawisa hlawk ta hmuh theihna a ni tiin an bei thin, chunga beitu lar deuh te chu Mimal thiante Private connections (chhung leh khat, thiante, thian char thar te relationship, friendship, new friends) Agencies lem ten Advertisements newspapers atangin Internet Advertisements atangin

Traffickers te chuan an victim te chu hna emaw zirna emaw zinna angah te an bum thin a, chung an bumna thang lian deuh deuh te chu :
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Inchhungkhura hnathawk turin (Domestic work) Hospitality industry hrang hrangah waitress emaw barmaid angina Au Pair/Care work Modeling Entertainment work hrang hrang lamna hmun (dancing) leh hostess Insakna hmun kian (Construction/Factory) leh Agricultural work Zirna hmunah (Study courses) Inneihna atan (Marriage) Tourism Industry Sex industry hrang hrang-ah

Tin, Ministry of Women & Child Development chuan hmeichhia kum 30 hnuailam chu heng ram hrang hrang heng Middle East ram hrang hrang (Saudi Arabia, Bahrain, UAE, Kuwait, Qatar, Oman) leh Syria, Jordan, Malaysia, Afghanistan, Thailand, Indonesia, Iraq, Brunei, Nigeria, Sudan, Libya hian Domestic worker anga kal a khap ta bawk, tin, Ministry of Overseas Indian Affairs chuan dan tam tak ram dang hnathawkte himna tur atana duang chhuak bawk a, ramdanga hnathawk te tirchhuaktu te khuahkhirhna dan Emigration Act pawh tunah hian siamthat mek a ni bawk. Human Trafficking dona lama hmala tu ber pakhat United Nations Office on Drugs and Crime (UNODC) leh Northeast Chapter of ATSEC (Action against Trafficking and Sexual Exploitation of Children) ten September 19 a 'Building Public Private Partnership for Anti Human Trafficking' tih an buatsaih hnu lawkah India hmarchhak chu Human Trafficking thil duhawmlo tak mai chuan a rawn thawng leh ta thut mai le, chu thil chu engdang niloin mahni mihringpui te hmanga sumdawnna (Human Trafficking) chuan Manipur nula ho Singapore a hnapek tiama hruaichhuak a Malaysia Night Club-a nawhchizuar tura hralh an tum vang a ni. Tamenglong Districts Child Welfare Committee ten 22 September 2008-a First Information report (FIR) an thehluh bawhzuiin Tamenglong Police te chuan Philip Gangmei, Imphal-a Manipur Public Service Commission exam beia awm mek chu September 23 khan an man a, Police te chuan Vicky Kungo, Tibetan Refugee, tuna Arunachal Pradesh-a khawsa mek pawh he thilah hiana a inhnamhnawih niin an sawi. Police te chuan Phillip Gonmei of Sibilong hian Manipur Tamenglong District lam hmeichhe pali leh Assam a awm, Zeliangrong hnam pakhat chu Singapore-ah kumin kumtir lam khan hnapek tiam in hna thawk turin an hruaichhuak niin an sawi, mahse Malaysia a Night Club-ah hralh an tum avangin an duhlo an tlanchhuak a, he thil hi a thleng ta a ni. Heng an mi thawnchhuah te hi (Recruiting Agency) Abel & Leo Private Ltd, India hmarchhaka nasa taka inzarpharh te kaltlanga lak an ni a, heng mite hi local recruiting agent, Philip Gangmei-a lak te niin an sawi a, ramdangah hruaichhuakin Singapore-ah an kal phawt a, chumi hnuah Malaysia-ah kal an tum niin an sawi.Heng mite nilo pawh hi

January 2008 khan Singapore-ah hna hmuhsak leh hlawh tha tak pek tura insawiin an hruai tawh a, heng mite pawh hi an ngaihtuahawm hle niin an ring. He thil lo irh chhuah dan chu Hmeichhe pakhat rawn tlanchhuak ta, tuna Indian High Commission in Kuala Lampur-a inhumhimna zawng mek chuan hetiang hian a sawi – A tirah chuan mi awmpui (domestic helper) ah awmin Oriya chhungkua (Indian) in Singapore-ah reilote chu a awm a, amaherawhchu an Agency mi leh sate rawn kalin Oriya chhungkua chu medical thil avanga hmun danga min dah an ngaih thu in an rawn hmin a, an la chhuak leh ta a, amaherawhchu ama hnenah thung chuan hna thazawk an hmuhsak leh tak avangin Malaysia-ah an kalpui dawn tih a sawi a, mahse Singapore chhuaksan chu a duhlo a, tihluihnain a thiante pathum nen an hruai lui ta a ni. 7 August, 2008 (Sunday) zing dar 9.30 pm (Indian Standard Time) vel khan heng mite hian Achungmei Kamei, Manipur-a Social Worker chu Public telephone boot atanga rawn bia in, Kuala Lumpur-a an hruai dan leh nasa taka kut an thlak thu te, a kut ke nasa taka an vuak avanga na a tih thu te an sawi a, Manipur-a him taka rawn hawn leh a duh thu a hrilh bawk a.

A sawidan chuan Kuala Lumpur an thlen chuan hall/room tawp deuhah an dah a, an passports zawng zawng an laksak vek bawk a, an thiltihdan chu a duhloh thu a sawichhuak a, chumi avang chuan a thiante bulah pawh dah lovin room hrangah an dah ta niin a sawi a, a hnuah mipa thenkhat a roomah chuan va kalin sex hmanpui an tum a, nasa takin lo beilet mahse ani hmeichhe awmnem leh chaklo tan chuan hanhnehrual an nilova, an duhtawk an ngah hnu chuan chhuaksanin amahnin an dah hrang leh ta a, chumi tlailam chuan a tlanchhuak ta a ni. Taxi lain Indian High Commission office a pan rawih a, High Commission office staff te chuan Pastor Jeyabal David a bia in a bulah chuan a awm ta a, a thiante pawh va be lehin an dahkhawmna hmun ngaiha an lo la awm a, an agecy-te pawh chuan a mobile phone ah rawn bia in kir leh tur leh hna tha tak an pek tur thu an sawi in an thlem a, chumi hnu reiloteah chuan a thiante zinga mi pahnih pawh rawn tlanchhuak veleh in an ni pawh passport te pawh an laksak vek an ni a.

Kinderson Pamei, chairperson, Child Welfare Committee, Tamenglong District sawi dan chuan an District atang hian he Agency hian mi 150 vel hnathawk turin Singapore a hnathawk turin an hruaichhak tawh a, a tam ber chu Zeliangrong Naga hnam an ni a, an ngaituahawm hle a ni a ti. Singapore based Agency Abel and Leo Private Ltd. hi Ricky Ho ta niin an mi leh sate hi India ram mai nilo Singapore, Malaysia leh Philippines ah te an inzarpharh nasa hle a, India ramah chuan Nagaland, Manipur, Meghalaya, Assam leh West Bengal ah te thingtlang khaw kilkhawr tak thlengin an inzarpharh niin a sawi.

Hemi chungchangah hian Union Minister of Overseas Indian Affairs (OIA) Vayalar Ravi chuan order chhuahin North East mi te Malaysia a Night Club-a hralh tum chungchang hi Inquiry lak vat tur a nih thu sawiin, Minister chuan “Thil awmzia ngun takin kan en a, kan embassy hrang hrang Singapore leh Malaysia a mite pawh inralring turin kan hrtiattir tawha ni” a ti. Minister chuan Protectorate of Emigrants (PoE) Officer chu he thil awmzia chhui tur hian a hriattir tawh bawk. Naga Peoples Movement for Human Rights (NPMHR) leh Shakti Vahini te chuan Union Minister for Overseas Indian Affairs hnenah he Human Trafficking chungchang hi complaint an thehlut a, thil chhuichiang tur leh heng mite chhamdawlna ngaihtuah turin an phut tawh a ni, minister chuan hma an lak tur thu a lo hrilh a ni. Shakti Vahini Executive Director Ravi Kant chuan, "He thilthleng hian Human Trafficking-ah India hmarchhak ram te kan himlohzia leh network tha tak a awmtih a tilang a ni” a ti. NGO te chuan he Singapore-based group te hian Manipur atang mai nilo Guwahati, Kolkata, Dimapur leh Shillong atang pawhin hnathawk tur an la thin niin an sawi. Heng harsatna hi kan lo tuar a, tanpui kan ngai a nih pawhin zak loin inzawh hreh loh hi a tha hle a, a hria leh helam buaipuitu ten an lo tanpui thin dawn che a ni. Kan thenawm ram leh state ah te pawh nasa takin an tur tawh a, mizoramah pawh a tuar sawi tur kan awm tan mek avang hian mitin te kan fimkhur a, kan inven a pawimawh em em a ni, a chinchang kan hrelo a nih pawhin a hriate zawh hreh lo ila a tha.

(The writer is Secretary cum Coordinator, Coordination Committee on Human Trafficking, Mizoram and The Coordinator, Human Trafficking, Human Rights & Law Network, Mizoram. Send your feedback or any comments at e-mail: remamizo@gmail.com or www.zoindigenous.blogspot.com)