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MCQs in EC, Electrical,Electronics,and Computer science Engineering

1. When four resistances of 2W 1W; 5W 2W; 10W 5W and 15W 10 W are connected in parallel, the greatest power is absorbed by

2 W, 1 W 5 W, 2 W 10 W, 5W 15 W, 10 W

2. A moving coil instrument has a resistance of 10 W and gives full scale deflection when carrying a current of 50 mA. To measure current upto 100 A, we will have to connect

10 W resistance in series 10 W resistance in parallel 10/1999 W resistance in series 10/1999 W resistance in parallel

3. The ripple voltage in the output of a single phase half wave rectifier with 10 V rectified dc voltage with resistive load and without filter will be

12.1 volt 1.21 volt 0.482 volt 4.82 volt

4. The transformer connection which has gained considerable popularity to serve 3-phase equipment and single phase lighting load is

Star/Star Delta/Delta Delta/Star Star/Delta

5. Transformer oil tester is used to know


Permittivity Permeability Dielectric strength Resistance of the oil

6. Plate separation of a parallel plate air capacitor is reduced keeping the voltage constant. The energy stored in the capacitor shall

Increase

Decrease Remain constant Remain zero

7. 1 Ampere of current is defined as


1 volt/sec 1 coulomb/sec 1 ohm/second 1 coulomb

8. The synchronous motor can be used as a capacitor


By increasing excitation By decreasing excitation By increasing speed By decreasing speed

9. The actual speed of an induction motor is always


Less than synchronous speed More than synchronous speed Equal to synchronous speed None of the above.

10. The purpose of connecting a capacitor in flourescent tube circuit is


To increase switching on time To decrease switching off time To increase power factor To decrease power consumption

11. The condition for parallel operation of two inverters is


Amplitude of voltages should be same. Frequency of voltages should be same. Both the voltages should be in same phase. All the three above.

12. A 60 Hz, 2 pole alternator should run at


a. 3000 r.p.m. b. 3600 r.p.m.

c. d.

1500 r.p.m. 1800 r.p.m.

13. The purpose of a governer in a DG set is


To regulate the speed. To regulate the voltage To regulate the power To regulate the current.

14.

A S C R can conduct In one direction only. In both directions. Only when gate is triggered. None of the above.

15. The cut-in voltage of a silicon diode is approx.


0.7 volt 0.3 volt 1.4 volt None of the above.

16. The step Recovery Diode is used as


Frequency adder Frequency subtractor Frequency multiplier None of the above.

17. The isolation between input and output in case of opto coupler is of the order of

10 Ohms 1010 ohms 103 ohms None of the above.

18. The transistor configuration to connect 4 W speaker with 600 W output impedance audio amplifier is

Common Emitter Common Base Common Collector None of the above.

19. Beta cut-off frequency of a transistor is the frequency at which the Beta is

0.707 of low frequency value Zero Equal to low frequency value None of the above.

20. Which of the following amplifier has the least distortion.


Class E Class D Class C Class A

21. Pinch off voltage of a J FET is the drain to source voltage above which drain current.

Increases Decreases Remains constant Becomes zero

22. Decimal equivalent of binary 1111 1111 1111 1111 is


16,384 65,536 1000000 None of the above.

23. A l/2 dipole aerial is used for


MW SW Microwave None of the above.

24. TCXO is preferred over LC oscillator because


TCXO is more stable. TCXO gives more power TCXO is linear. None of the above.

25. The angular velocity of geo-stationary satellite is


Equal to the angular velocity of earth. Less than the angular velocity of earth. More than the angular velocity of earth None of the above.

26. The battery operated pre-amplifier with a consumption of 10 Watts can work on battery of 12 volt, 100 AH having efficiency of 50% for

120 hrs. 60 hrs. 100 hrs. 10 hrs.

27. Low pass filter with cut off frequency of 100 kHz and high pass filter with cut off frequency of 50 kHz are connected in tandem, the resultant filter is

Low pass filter with cut off frequency of 100 kHz High pass filter with cut off frequency of 50 kHz Band pass filter with pass band from 50 kHz to 100 kHz. None of the above.

28. In case of oil fire, the fire extinguisher used is


Soda Acid Foam Carbon dioxide Carbon Tetra chloride

29.The output of a 2-input NAND gate with high at both the inputs will be

High Low High & low None of the above.

30. The input impedance of an op-amp is


High Low Medium None of the above

Answers 1(a), 2 (d), 3 (a), 4 (c), 5 (c) 6 (a) 7 (b) 8 (a) 9 (a) 10 (c) 11 (d) 12 (c) 13 (a) 14 (a) 15 (a) 16 (c) 17 (b) 18 (c) 19 (a) 20 (d) 21 (c) 22 (b) 23 (b) 24 (a) 25 (a) 26 (b) 27 (c) 28 (b) 29 (b) 30 (a).

MCQs in Electricity & Electronics test paper


1.When four resistances of 2 1W; 5 2W; 10 5W and 15 10 W are connected in parallel, the greatest power is absorbed by

2 , 1 W 5 , 2 W 10 , 5W 15 , 10 W

2. A moving coil instrument has a resistance of 10 and gives full scale deflection when carrying a current of 50 mA. To measure current upto 100 A, we will have to connect

10 resistance in series 10 resistance in parallel 10/1999 resistance in series 10/1999 resistance in parallel

3. The ripple voltage in the output of a single phase half wave rectifier with 10 V rectified dc voltage with resistive load and without filter will be

12.1 volt 1.21 volt 0.482 volt 4.82 volt

4. The transformer connection which has gained considerable popularity to serve 3-phase equipment and single phase lighting load is

Star/Star Delta/Delta Delta/Star Star/Delta

5. Transformer oil tester is used to know


Permittivity Permeability Dielectric strength Resistance of the oil

6. Plate separation of a parallel plate air capacitor is reduced keeping the voltage constant. The energy stored in the capacitor shall

Increase Decrease Remain constant Remain zero

7. 1 Ampere of current is defined as


1 volt/sec 1 coulomb/sec 1 ohm/second 1 coulomb

8. The synchronous motor can be used as a capacitor


By increasing excitation By decreasing excitation By increasing speed By decreasing speed

9. The actual speed of an induction motor is always


Less than synchronous speed More than synchronous speed Equal to synchronous speed None of the above.

10. The purpose of connecting a capacitor in flourescent tube circuit is


To increase switching on time To decrease switching off time To increase power factor To decrease power consumption

11. The condition for parallel operation of two inverters is


Amplitude of voltages should be same. Frequency of voltages should be same. Both the voltages should be in same phase. All the three above.

12. A 60 Hz, 2 pole alternator should run at


3000 r.p.m. 1500 r.p.m. 3600 r.p.m. 1800 r.p.m.

13.The purpose of a governer in a DG set is

To regulate the speed. To regulate the voltage To regulate the power To regulate the current.

14.

A S C R can conduct In one direction only. In both directions. Only when gate is triggered. None of the above.

15.The cut-in voltage of a silicon diode is approx.


0.7 volt 0.3 volt 1.4 volt None of the above.

16. The step Recovery Diode is used as


Frequency adder Frequency subtractor Frequency multiplier None of the above.

17. The isolation between input and output in case of opto coupler is of the order of

10 Ohms 1010 ohms 103 ohms None of the above.

18. The transistor configuration to connect 4 speaker with 600 output impedance audio amplifier is

Common Emitter Common Base Common Collector None of the above.

19. Beta cut-off frequency of a transistor is the frequency at which the Beta is

0.707 of low frequency value Zero

Equal to low frequency value None of the above.

20. Which of the following amplifier has the least distortion.


Class E Class D Class C Class A

21. Pinch off voltage of a J FET is the drain to source voltage above which drain current.

Increases Decreases Remains constant Becomes zero

22. Decimal equivalent of binary 1111 1111 1111 1111 is


16,384 65,536 1000000 None of the above.

23. A /2 dipole aerial is used for


MW SW Microwave None of the above.

24. TCXO is preferred over LC oscillator because


TCXO is more stable. TCXO gives more power TCXO is linear. None of the above.

25. The angular velocity of geo-stationary satellite is


Equal to the angular velocity of earth. Less than the angular velocity of earth. More than the angular velocity of earth None of the above.

26. The battery operated pre-amplifier with a consumption of 10 Watts can work on battery of 12 volt, 100 AH having efficiency of 50% for

120 hrs. 60 hrs. 100 hrs.

10 hrs.

27. Low pass filter with cut off frequency of 100 kHz and high pass filter with cut off frequency of 50 kHz are connected in tandem, the resultant filter is

Low pass filter with cut off frequency of 100 kHz High pass filter with cut off frequency of 50 kHz Band pass filter with pass band from 50 kHz to 100 kHz. None of the above.

28. In case of oil fire, the fire extinguisher used is


Soda Acid Foam Carbon dioxide Carbon Tetra chloride

29. The output of a 2-input NAND gate with high at both the inputs will be

High Low High & low None of the above.

30. The input impedance of an op-amp is


High Low Medium None of the above

Answers 1(a), 2 (d), 3 (a), 4 (c), 5 (c) 6 (a) 7 (b) 8 (a) 9 (a) 10 (c) 11 (d) 12 (c) 13 (a) 14 (a) 15 (a) 16 (c) 17 (b) 18 (c) 19 (a) 20 (d) 21 (c) 22 (b) 23 (b) 24 (a) 25 (a) 26 (b) 27 (c) 28 (b) 29 (b) 30 (a).

1. The velocity of sound is the least in which of the following medium: 1) Air 2) Water 3) Wood 4) Vacuum 2. Two amplifier stages have voltage gains of 100 and 200. The total decibel voltage gain of the cascaded amplifiers is: 1) 46 dB 2) 86 dB 3) 66 dB 4) 106 dB

3. In the circuit shown, what is the minimum value of RL for which the output voltage will remain constant?

1. Voltage across 4 ohm resistance in respect of the following drawing circuit

will be a) 12 V c) 4 V b) d) 6V 20 V

2. One unit of consumption in electrical installation is equal to a) 1 ampere c) 1 kilowatt hour b) d) 1 watt hour 1 volt ampere

3. Power rating of component is expressed in a) Ampere c) Watt b) d) Voltage Ampere hour

4. In a diesel engine, governor controls

a) Load current c) Freq. of the generating voltage

b) d)

Output voltage of an alternator None of the above

5. In a domestic electrical wiring various lamps are connected in a) Parallel c) Some in series and some in parallel b) Series d) None of the above

6. Instrument used for measuring the rotational speed of an engine is a) Speedometer c) Tachometer 7. 8000 micro farad is same as a) 8 x 10-6 farad c) 8 x 10-3 farad b) d) 8 x 10-9 farad 8 x 106 farad b) d) Anemometer All the above

8. In a sinusoidal wave, peak voltage is equal to a) RMS voltage c) 2 RMS voltage 9. Farad is the unit of a) Inductance c) Resistance 10. LP/HP cut out is used in a) Diesel Generator c) Air flow meter b) AC plants d) watt hour meter b) d) Capacitance None of the above b) d) RMS Voltage 2 1.1 RMS voltage

11. A megger is an instrument used for measuring a) Very high voltage c) Very high current b) d) Very low voltage Very high resistance

12. Star-Delta starter can be used in a) 2HP 230 volt AC motor c) 5 HP DC motor b) d) 5 HP 400 volt AC motor None of the above

13. The speed of an 8- pole alternator to generate 400 v at 50 Hz will be a) 750 rpm c) 1500 rpm b) d) 900 rpm 450 rpm

14. The value of the resistance having coloured strips as shown in figure is

a) 2200 + 10% c) 470 ohm

b) d)

2200 + 5% 2000 + 10%

15. In a condenser of an air conditioning plant heat is transferred from a) water to air c) air to water b) d) refrigerant to water water to refrigerant

17. In three phase connection, phase current is a) Equal to line current c) Greater than line current b) d) less than line current cannot be predicted

18. If fire takes place in air circuit breaker, the fire extinguisher used will be a) Foam type c) Water b) d) CO2 type Sand

19. Electrical energy is converted into mechanical energy by a) Solar Cell c) AC/DC motor 20 Loudspeaker converts Electrical energy into sound Heat into electrical energy b) d) Steam Engine Solar Cooker

a) Sound into electrical energy b) c) Light into electrical energy d)

21. _________________ amplifier is used immediately after microphone

1. Three 100W non-inductive resistors, when connected in star across 400 V, 50 Hz, 3 phase consumes 1600 W. When one of the resistances becomes open, the power consumption is reduced by: a) half b) one third c) two third d) one fourth

2. The power input to a three phase induction motor is 62 kW. The stator loss is 2 kW. If the rotor is running with a slip of 5%, the total copper loss in the rotor will be: a) 500 W b) 1000 W c) 1500 W d) 3000 W

3. A transformer has an iron loss of 250 W and full-load copper loss of 1000 W. At what percentage of full-load, the efficiency becomes maximum: a) 70% b) 66% c) 50% d) 25%

4. Operational amplifier can amplify: a) c) AC signals only Both AC and DC signals b) d) DC signals only All of the above

5. Adjacent channel rejection of a receiver is determined by its: a) Fidelity b) Noise figure c) Selectivity d) Sensitivity

6. In a three input NAND gate, one input is low. The output will be: a) c) Low High b) d) Will depend upon other two inputs None of the above

7. If the conduction in the anode circuit takes place for less than 180o of the input cycle, the amplifier is classified as: a) Class A b) Class B c) Class C d) Super Class

8. 500 MHz falls in the; a) c) HF Band UHF Band b) d) VHF Band SHF Band

9. The signals sent by the TV transmitter to ensure correct scanning in the receiver are called: a) Sync b) Chroma c) Luminance d) Video

10. A frequency modulated signal, which is modulated by a 3 kHz sine wave swings between 100.02 MHz and 99.98 MHz. The modulation index of the signal will be: a) 20/3 b) 40/3 c) 10/3 d) 5/3 ANSWERS 1. A 2. D

3. C

4. D

5. C

6. C

7. D

8. C

9. C

10. A

1 Which of the following is not true for common collector amplifier?


o o

It offers high input impedance. It offers wide band width.

b) It offers low output impedance. d) It offers a large gain.

2. Which of the following is not true with respect to negative feedback?


o

It increases gain.

b) It improves distortion.

c) It improves signal to noise ratio.

d) It improves bandwidth.

3.If the conduction in the anode circuit takes place for less than 180o of the input cycle, the amplifier is classified as:

a) Class A

b) Class B

c) Class C

d) Class D

4. The following network will act as a

a) Low pass filter c) Band pass filter

b) d)

High pass filter Band stop filter

5. In Satellite Broadcasting, the down link frequency in C band range is

a) 2.5 GHz to 2.7 GHz c) 4.5 GHz to 4.8 GHz

b) d)

3.7 GHz to 4.2 GHz 11.7 GHz to 12.2 GHz

6. In a 100 kW AM transmitter, if the carrier is modulated with 100% modulation index, power in the lower side band will be:

a) 100 kW

b) 50 kW

c) 25 kW

d) 12.5 kW

7. The ratio of reflected power to incident power is

a) Reflection Co-efficient c) VSWR

d)

b) (Reflection Co-efficient)2 (VSWR)2

8. The equation relating VSWR with reflection coefficient is

a) c)

b) d)

9. The amount of pre-emphasis given to the audio signal in AIR in FM broadcasting is a) 25 msec. b) 50 m sec c) 75 m sec. d) 100 m sec.

10. The characteristic impedance of free space is

a) 50 ohms

b) 120 ohm

c) 377 ohms

d) 440 ohms

11. Which of the following is not expressed in watt?

a) V2/R

b) I2R

c) VxI

d) V/I

12. 4 mF is same as

a) 0.004 nF

b) 40 nF

c) 400 nF

d) 4000 nF

13. An electronic fan regulator

a) is a current divider c) varies angle of conduction of ac wave

b) voltage divider d) None of the above

14 An ammeter has 1 A range and has a resistance of 10 W. To measure 10 A current with this meter, we shall use a resistance

more than 10 ohms in series

b) less than 10 ohms in series

c) more than 10 ohms in parallel

d) less than 10 ohms in parallel

15. Which of the following acts as an open circuit to d.c?

a) Diode

b) Inductor

c) Capacitor

d) All the above

Answers:
1

2 d a

3 c

4 b

5 c

6 c

7 b

8 b

9 b

10 c

11 d

12 d

13 c

14 d

15 c

. Fill in the blanks:


Secondary of a current transformer should never be ____________. ____________. The equipment required for maintenance of a wet battery is ____________. All electrical installations should be tested for good insulation at least once every __________. Stock of Carbon Tetrachloride should be maintained in ______________ register. The refrigerant in an a.c. plant gets converted from gaseous state to liquid state in the ____________. When a circuit breaker is drawn out of the rack, the connection spout shutters should be ____________. .. A scientific tool for monitoring the progress of a Project is ____________. Spurious power emitted by transmitters can be judged with the help of a ____________.

Answers: 1. Open Circuited 4. Six months 7. 10. Spectrum Analyzer 2. 5. S150 8. 48 3. Hydrometer 6. Condensor 9. PERT Chart

Multiple choice Questions 1. The velocity of sound is the least in which of the following medium: 1) Air 2) Water 3) Wood 4) Vacuum 2. Two amplifier stages have voltage gains of 100 and 200. The total decibel voltage gain of the cascaded amplifiers is: 1) 46 dB 2) 86 dB 3) 66 dB 4) 106 dB 3. In the circuit shown, what is the minimum value of RL for which the output voltage will remain constant?

1) 15 W

2) 24 W

3) 27 W

4) 45 W

4 If 1/10th of the total current is to pass through a galvanometer of resistance G W, then the shunt resistance should be: 1) G/99 W 2) G/9 W 3) G/10 W 4) Gx9 W 5

In the circuit shown, each condenser has a capacitance of 1mF. The equivalent capacitance between P and Q is: 1) 3 mF 2) 6 mF 3) 1 mF 4) 1/3 mF 6. In an electric circuit, the applied voltage is E=100 Sin (314t) V and the resultant current is I = 5 Sin (314t + p/3). Then, the circuit is comprised of: 1) L and C 2) L only 3) R and C 4) R and L 7 At any frequency much higher than the resonant frequency of a series resonance circuit, the angle of impedance Z approaches: 1) -90 2) +90 3) 0 4) 180 8. An indirectly heated pentode has how many pins? 1) 5 2) 6 3) 7 9 The binary number that follows 0110 1111 is: 1) 0110 1100 2) 0111 0000 3) 0111 1000

4) 8

4) 0110 1110

10. A transformer has an iron loss of 300 W and full load copper loss of 1200 W. At what percentage of full load does the efficiency become maximum? 1) 80% 2) 60% 3) 50% 4) 25% 11 In a three phase, four wire circuit, the line currents in the R, Y and B phases are 1, 2 and 1 A respectively. What is the current in the neutral conductor? 1) 1 A 2) 2 A 3) 3 A 4) 4 A 12 A FM transmitter operating at 104 MHz is modulated with 5 kHz tone and the maximum deviation is 75 kHz. Total bandwidth occupied by the FM transmitter will be: 1) 150 kHz 2) 160 kHz 3) 170 kHz 4) None of these 13. What is the aspect ratio in conventional Television? 1) 2:1 2) 3:2 3) 4:3

4) 5:4

14 What is the type of modulation adopted for the Chrominance signal in TV? 1) Amplitude modulation 2) Frequency modulation 3) Phase modulation 4) Quadrature Amplitude modulation 15. A 10 kW transmitter is connected to an antenna and the reflection coefficient observed on the transmission line is 0.6. The power radiated by the antenna is: 1) 10 kW 2) 3.6 kW 3) 6.4 kW 4) None of these 16. Transmission in short wave is characterised by the following: 1) It takes place by sky wave. 2) Propagation is by reflection from ionosphere. 3) It is subject to severe fading. 4) All of these. 17. Reception of a signal through direct wave depends upon the following: 1) Height of the transmitting antenna 2) Height of the receiving antenna 3) Distance between the transmitter and receiver 4) All the above 18. Which of the following diodes exhibits negative resistance phenomenon? 1) Zener Diode 2) Ordinary Diode 3) Tunnel Diode 4) PIN Diode 19. Which has the longest wave length? 1) Microwave 2) X-ray

3) Ultraviolet ray

4) Infrared ray

20. An infinite line of characteristic impedance Zo is terminated by an impedance ZL. What is its input impedance? 1) Infinity 2) Zo 3) ZL 4) (Zo.ZL)1/2

Answers of the above problems : Q.No 1 Ans. 4 2 2 3 4 4 2 5 1 6 3 7 2 8 3 9 10 11 12 13 14 15 16 17 18 19 20 2 3 1 2 3 4 3 4 4 3 1 2