Step 1: Think of some problems.

1. ______________________________________________________________________
2. ______________________________________________________________________
3. ______________________________________________________________________
4. ______________________________________________________________________
Then, choose one: ____________________________
Step 2: Think of some solutions to the problem you chose.
1. ______________________________________________________________________
2. ______________________________________________________________________
3. ______________________________________________________________________
4. ______________________________________________________________________
Then, choose two:
1. ______________________________________________________________________
2. ______________________________________________________________________
Step 3: You are almost ready to start writing. You’ll just need a few more things.
Introduction
-

Topic sentence: Explain the problem.

-

Supporting sentences

-

Thesis statement
Main body

-

Introduction sentence

-

Solution 1 and supporting details.

-

Solution 2 and supporting details.

-

Concluding sentence.
Conclusion

-

Summarize the solutions briefly.

-

Choose the best solution and explain why you chose it.
Williams, S (2013) Quick Essays: Problem & Solution.

A common grammar structure to use in problem and solution essays is ‘if’.
To identify problems:
- If students continue to use smart phones in the classroom, they may increase their
chances of failing the course.
- Less people will be able to attend university if tuition fees continue to increase.
To identify solutions:
- If we encourage students to use their smart phones less, they may increase their
chances of passing.
- If the government subsidizes higher education, more people will be able to afford to
continue their studies.
Need some useful phrases? Use these to link problems to solutions.
In order to solve this problem, we could / we should / the government should ...
In order to overcome these problems, we could / we should / the government
should ...
One solution is to (verb)
One thing we can do is (verb + ing)
One answer is to (verb)
One answer is (verb + ing)
Finally, we should ...

Williams, S (2013) Quick Essays: Problem & Solution.

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