You are on page 1of 20

DESIGN OF CIRCULAR WATER TANK ( Domical top and base)

Name of work:- pkn


1
Tank capacity
400000 ltr
Depth of water
4.00
2
9800
2
Live load
1400 N/mm
wt of water
3
Free board
0.20 m
200 mm
20
unit weight 25000
4
Conrete
M
2
scbc
m
13
7
N/mm
115
415
Tensile stress
5
Steel
fy
6
Nominal Cover
25
mm
Effective Cover
35
7
Reinforcement
Top Dome (main / distri. )
mm F
8
160 mm c/c both way
Top Ring Beam Main
two ldge srirrups

Vertivcal

(Water side )

Ring bars (both direction)

mm F

mm F

300

mm c/c

12

mm F

110

mm c/c

110

mm c/c

12
mm F

210

mm c/c

(both direction)
8

mm F

90

mm c/c

mm F

Nos

Bottom Ring Beam

30

N/m3
N/mm2
mm

Nos.

Distribution steel

Bottom Dom slab

20

m
N/m3

8 mm f
160 mm c/c
350

2000
11600

230

20 mm f Ring

12 mm f Bars

220

mm c/c

210

mm c/c

110

mm c/c

8 mm f

12 mm f Bars
12 mm f
110 mm c/c

Nos

4000

8 mm f Bars
90 mm c/c Both side
8
8
pk_nandwana@yahoo.co.in

Nos. Bars
mm f strirup

30
200

850

mm f

mm c/c
550

DESIGN OF CIRCULAR WATER TANK (Domical top and base)


Tank capacity
Live load
Free board
Conrete

400000
1400
0.20
M20
scbc
7
fy
415
25

Steel
Nominal cover

ltr
N/mm2
m

Depth of water = 4.00


wt of water = 9800
= 200
wt. of concrete = ####
m = 13
Tensile stess = 115
Effective cover = 35

N/mm2
N/mm2
mm

1 Design Constants:- For HYSD Bars


2
sst = 115 N/mm

scbc =
k=

N/mm2
7
0.442
J

wt. of concrete = ####

m =
=

0.853

400

x D2
4

4
=
11.57
x
3.80
3.143
Provide a diameter of =

11.60

N/mm3

13
1.318

Effective depth of tank =

If D is the inside diameter of tank, we have =

N/mm2
mm

Cocrete M - = 20

2 Dimention of tank:-

\ from which D

m
N/mm3
mm
N/mm3

3.80

say

4.00 - 0.20 = 3.80 m


400000
x 1000
1000
x 1000
11.60

3 Design of roof dome:Membrane analysis:


We shall design the top dome and ring beam on membrane analysis, analysis
considring these to be independednt of tankwall which is assumed to be freee at top, Let the rise of the
dome be =
2.00 m and its thickness
= 100 mm
R = 11.60 /
2 = 5.80 m
33.6 +
4
2
2
the radius r is given by
= R = (2r - rise) rise = 5.80 = (2r-2)2 =
= 9.41 m
4
2500 N/m2
Self load of dome =
0.1
x
1
x
1
x #### =
1400 N/m2
Live load
=
Total load
3900 N/m2
=
5.8
7.41
=
= 0.616
and
= 0.79 or f '= 38 degree
sin f
cos f =
9.41
9.41
wr 1- cos f
wr cos2 f + cos f -1
Hoop stress
=
Maridian stress =
t
1+cos f
t
sin 2 f
Maximum hoop stress oqurs at f = 0
1+1-1
3900
x
9.41
and its magnitude =
= 183495 N/m2 = 0.1835 N/mm2
Safe
0.1
1+1
38 degree
Maximum meridian stress will be at F = f =
3900
x
9.41 1- 0.787
and its magnitude =
= 206002 N/m2 = 0.206 N/mm2 Safe
0.1
0.379
The stress are with in safe limit. However provide minimum reinforcement @ 0.3 % of area in each direction.
0.3
=
x
1000 x 100 =
300
\ As
mm2
100
3.14xdia2
3.14 x
8
x 8
using 8 mm bars
A
=
=
= 50 mm2
4 x100
4
x 100
Spacing of hoop Bars = 1000 x
50 / 300 =
167
say
= 160 mm
Hence Provided
8 mm F bar, @ 160 mm c/c in both direction.
3 Design of ring beam :The thickness of dome
=
120 mm assumed
Meridional thrust per metre length of dome at its base.=
206002
x 1 x 0.12 = 24720 N/m
Horizontal component T per metre length .= 24720 cos 38
= 24720 x
0.79 = 19466 N/m
11.60
112903
= 112903 steel required =
/ 115 = 982 mm2
\ hoop tension = 19466 x
2
pk_nandwana@yahoo.co.in

3.14xdia2
3.14 x 20 x 20
=
= 314 mm2
4 x100
4
x 100
No.of hoop Bars = 982
/
314 =
4
No.
say
4.0
No.
Hence Provided
4 No. 20 mm F Ring bar, for symetry.
1256
Actual , Ast
=
4
x
314 =
mm2 Equivelent area of composite section of beam
of area of cross section A is =A+(m-1)Ash=
A
+(
13 1 )x 1256 = A+ 15072
112903
=
= 1.2
Allowing a stress of 1.2 N/mm2 in composite section we have
A
+ ####
From which
A
+ 15072 = 112903 /
1.2 or
A
= 79014 mm2
actual area = 80500 mm2
Hence provide a Ring beam size
350 x
230 mm
f strirrups @ 300 mm c/c to tie ring beam.
Provide
8 mm
These ring are lapped with dome reinforcement as shown in fig.
using 20

mm bars

4 Design of tank wall:Since dome roof has been design on membrane the analysis, the tank wall may be
assumed to be free on top and bottom, and the tank wall will be subjected to purely hoop stress.
wHD
9800 x
4.00 x 11.60
=
=
227360
N/m
Maximum hoop tension at base=
2
2
1977
Area of ring = 227360
/
115 =
989 mm2 both side
mm2 or
2
3.14xdia
3.14 x 12 x 12
using 12 mm bars
A
=
=
= 113 mm2
4 x100
4
x 100
Spacing of hoop Bars = 1000 x
113 / 989 =
114
say
= 110 mm
Hence Provided
12 mm F bar, @ 110 mm c/c in both direction.
1000 x 113
Actual , Ast
=
2
x
=
2055 mm2
110
The spacing of ring may be increased towards the top, since pressure varies lineearly
Using a tensile stress of 1.2N/mm2 for the the combined section ,
227360
thickness T is given by=
= 1.2
1000 T
+ ( 13
1
)x 2055
From which T
= 169 mm
Minimum thickness
3xD +5 =
170 mm
cm =
3
x
4
+
5
= 17
mm thickness throughout the height, through the thickness at the top can be reuced.
Hence provided = 170
Distribution reinforcement
170
450
0.28
Distribution reinforcement area
=
x
100
Provide half the reinfocement near each face, Asd =
3.14xdia2
using 8 mm bars
A
=
4 x100
/
The spacing of 8 mm f bars = 1000 x
50
Hence Provided
8 mm F bar, @

Asd

0.3

0.1

100
100

0.28 %

170

1000 =

mm2

476

238 mm2
3.14 x
8
4
x
238 = 210 mm c/c
210 mm c/c
=

5 Design of Bottom dome:for bottom dome h2 =


2.20 m and its thickness
= 200 mm
R = 11.60
= R2 = (2r - rise) rise
the radius r is given by
x
2.20 x 2.20 )= 33.64 + 4.84
5.80 2=(
2
2.20 Weight of water over the surface of dome is given by eq.
h22
D2H x
(3R2 - h2)
Ww = P x w x
4
3
2
2
2.20 x( 3.00
11.60 x 4.00
= 3.14
x
9800 x
3
4
2946706 N
=
Total surface of Dome =2 p R2h2=
3.14 x 8.75 x
2.00 x
2.20 = 120.9
Self load of dome = 120.9
x
0.2
x 25000
= 604500 N/m2
= 2946706 N/m2
pk_nandwana@yahoo.co.in Weight of water

x 8
100

50

5.80 m

)/ 4.40 = 8.75

x
m2

8.75 -

2.20 )

mm2

Total load
= 3551206 N/m2
3551206 /
120.9 = 29373 N/m2
6.55
0.663
and
= 0.75 or f '= 41 degree
cos f =
8.75
p2R2
29373 x
8.75
Maximum hoop stress at center =
=
= 642534 N/m2 = 0.643 N/mm2 Safe
2xt2
2
0.2
x
p2.R2 1- cos f
Maximum Maridian stress =
t2
sin 2 f
29373 x 8.75
1
- 0.749
Safe
=
x
= 735362 N/mm2
0.2
0.663 x 0.663
W2
3551206
Alternatively shear force F2 =
=
= 97496
N/m
3.14 x 11.60
pD
F2
97496
Meriditional thrust T2
=
=
= 147084 N/m
0.663
sinf2
147084
Meriditional stress
=
=
0.735 N/mm2
Safe
1000 x 200
The stress are with in safe limit. However provide minimum reinforcement
200
100
x
= 0.27 %
Ast
=
0.3
0.1
450
100
0.27
Distribution reinforcement area
=
x 200 x 1000 =
540
mm2
100
3.14xdia2
3.14 x
8
x 8
using 8 mm bars
A
=
=
= 50 mm2
4 x100
4
x 100
Spacing of hoop Bars = 1000 x
50 / 540 =
93
say
= 90 mm
Hence Provided
8 mm F bar, @
90 mm c/c in both direction.
Load p2 per unit area =
5.8
=
=
sin f
8.75

Design of ring beam :The thickness of dome


=
200
Meridional thrust per metre length of dome at its base.=
735362
x1
Horizontal component T per metre length .= 147072 cos 41
= 147072
Alternatively, p2 =
F2 Cot f2 =
#### x 1.129
\ hoop tension

110094

11.60
=
2

638545

steel required =

mm assumed
x 0.2 =
x
0.75 =
= 110103

638545

147072
110094

N/m
N/m

/ 115 = 5553 mm2

3.14xdia2
3.14 x 30 x 30
=
= 707 mm2
4 x100
4
x 100
No.of hoop Bars = 5553 /
707 =
8
No.
say
8
No.
Hence Provided
8 No. 30 mm F Ring bar, for symetry.
5652
Actual , Ast
=
8
x
707 =
mm2 Equivelent area of composite section of beam
of area of cross section A is =A+(m-1)Ash=
A
+(
13 1 )x 5652 = A+ 67824
638545
=
= 1.2
Allowing a stress of 1.2 N/mm2 in composite section we have
A
+ ####
From which
A
+ 67824 = 638545 /
1.2 or
A
= 464297 mm2
Beam width
Beam depth
= 550
= 850
using 30

mm bars

actual area = 467500 mm2


Hence provide a Ring beam size
850 mm
550 x
f strirrups @ 200 mm c/c to tie ring beam.
Provide
8 mm
Alternatively, the above f bar verticaly provided @ above spacing on the inner
face of the tank wall may betaken around the rings.
Reinforcement shown in drawing

pk_nandwana@yahoo.co.in

DESIGN OF CIRCULAR WATER TANK (Domical top and base)

8 mm f
160 mm c/c

230

2000
11600
350

20 mm f Ring

12 mm f Bars

220

mm c/c

210

mm c/c

12 mm f Bars

110

mm c/c

30 mm f Bars
12 mm f
110 mm c/c
0

mm c/c

Nos

4000
8 mm f

0 mm f Ring
0 mm c/c
0
850

pk_nandwana@yahoo.co.in

30 mm f Bars

mm c/c

0 mm f Ring

mm c/c both side


2.00
R= 5.80

F
f

Fig 1

VALUES OF DESIGN CONSTANTS


Grade of concrete
Modular Ratio

M-15
18.67

M-20
13.33

M-25
10.98

M-30
9.33

M-35
8.11

M-40
7.18

scbc N/mm2
m scbc

8.5

10

11.5

13

93.33

93.33

93.33

93.33

93.33

93.33

kc

0.4

0.4

0.4

0.4

0.4

0.4

(a) sst =
140
N/mm2
(Fe 250)

jc

0.867

0.867

0.867

0.867

0.867

0.867

Rc

0.867

1.214

1.474

1.734

1.994

2.254

Pc (%)

0.714

1.214

1.429

1.643

1.857

kc

0.329

0.329

0.329

0.329

0.329

0.329

jc

0.89

0.89

0.89

0.89

0.89

Rc

0.89
0.732

1.025

1.244

1.464

1.684

1.903

Pc (%)

0.433

0.606

0.736

0.866

0.997

1.127

kc

0.289

0.289

0.289

0.289

0.289

0.289

jc

0.904

0.904

0.904

0.904

0.904

0.904

Rc

0.653

0.914

1.11

1.306

1.502

1.698

Pc (%)

0.314

0.44

0.534

0.628

0.722

0.816

kc

0.253

0.253

0.253

0.253

0.253

0.253

jc

0.916

0.916

0.916

0.914

0.916

0.916

Rc

0.579

0.811

0.985

1.159

1.332

1.506

Pc (%)

0.23

0.322

0.391

0.46

0.53

0.599

(b) sst =
190
N/mm2
(c ) sst =
230
N/mm2
(Fe 415)
(d) sst =
275
N/mm2
(Fe 500)

Permissible shear stress Table tv in concrete (IS : 456-2000)


100As
bd
< 0.15
0.25
0.50
0.75
1.00
1.25
1.50
1.75
2.00
2.25
2.50
2.75
3.00 and above

Permissible shear stress in concrete


M-15
M-20
M-25
M-30
0.18
0.18
0.19
0.2
0.22
0.22
0.23
0.23
0.29
0.30
0.31
0.31
0.34
0.35
0.36
0.37
0.37
0.39
0.40
0.41
0.40
0.42
0.44
0.45
0.42
0.45
0.46
0.48
0.44
0.47
0.49
0.50
0.44
0.49
0.51
0.53
0.44
0.51
0.53
0.55
0.44
0.51
0.55
0.57
0.44
0.51
0.56
0.58
0.44
0.51
0.57
0.6

tv N/mm2
M-35
M-40
0.2
0.2
0.23
0.23
0.31
0.32
0.37
0.38
0.42
0.42
0.45
0.46
0.49
0.49
0.52
0.52
0.54
0.55
0.56
0.57
0.58
0.60
0.60
0.62
0.62
0.63

Maximum shear stress tc.max in concrete (IS : 456-2000)


Grade of concrete

tc.max

M-15
1.6

M-20
1.8

M-25
1.9

M-30
2.2

M-35
2.3

M-40
2.5

Grade of concrete
tbd (N / mm2)

Shear stress tc
100As
M-20
bd
0.14
0.17
0.15
0.18
0.16
0.18
0.17
0.18
0.18
0.19
0.19
0.19
0.2
0.19
0.21
0.2
0.22
0.2
0.23
0.2
0.24
0.21
0.25
0.21
0.26
0.21
0.27
0.22
0.28
0.22
0.29
0.22
0.3
0.23
0.31
0.23
0.32
0.24
0.33
0.24
0.34
0.24
0.35
0.25
0.36
0.25
0.37
0.25
0.38
0.26
0.39
0.26
0.4
0.26
0.41
0.27
0.42
0.27
0.43
0.27
0.44
0.28
0.45
0.28
0.46
0.28
0.47
0.29
0.48
0.29
0.49
0.29
0.5
0.30
0.51
0.30
0.52
0.30
0.53
0.30
0.54
0.30
0.55
0.31
0.56
0.31
0.57
0.31
0.58
0.31
0.59
0.31
0.6
0.32
0.61
0.32

Reiforcement %
100As
M-20
bd
0.17
0.14
0.18
0.15
0.19
0.18
0.2
0.21
0.21
0.24
0.22
0.27
0.23
0.3
0.24
0.32
0.25
0.35
0.26
0.38
0.27
0.41
0.28
0.44
0.29
0.47
0.30
0.5
0.31
0.55
0.32
0.6
0.33
0.65
0.34
0.7
0.35
0.75
0.36
0.82
0.37
0.88
0.38
0.94
0.39
1.00
0.4
1.08
0.41
1.16
0.42
1.25
0.43
1.33
0.44
1.41
0.45
1.50
0.46
1.63
0.46
1.64
0.47
1.75
0.48
1.88
0.49
2.00
0.50
2.13
0.51
2.25

Degree
1
2
3
4
5
6

Value of
sin
0.017
0.035
0.052
0.070
0.087
0.104

modification factore Table


200
250
328

% fy
0.0
0.05
0.10
0.15
0.20
0.25
0.30
0.35
0.4
0.5
0.6
0.7
0.8
0.9
1.0
1.1
1.2
1.3
1.4
1.5
1.6
1.7
1.8
1.9
2.0
2.1
2.2
2.3
2.4
2.5
2.6
2.7
2.8
2.9
3.0
3.1
3.2

1.90
1.80
1.70
1.60
1.55
1.50
1.50
1.45
1.40
1.35
1.35
1.30
1.30
1.25
1.25
1.20
1.18
1.17
1.16
1.15
1.14
1.13
1.12
1.11
1.11
1.11

angle
cos
1.000
0.999
0.999
0.998
0.996
0.995

tan
0.017
0.035
0.052
0.070
0.087
0.105

2.0
1.75
1.65
1.55
1.5
1.45
1.4
1.35
1.3
1.3
1.25
1.2
1.2
1.18
1.16
1.14
1.13
1.12
1.1
1.1
1.08
1.06
1.05
1.04
1.03
1.02
1.01
1.00

2
1.85
1.75
1.65
1.5
1.4
1.35
1.30
1.25
1.2
1.16
1.13
1.1
1.1
1.07
1.05
1.03
1.01
1.0
0.99
0.97
0.96
0.95
0.94
0.93
0.92
0.92
0.91
0.91
0.90
0.87
0.86

Degree
1
2
3
4
5
6

0.62
0.63
0.64
0.65
0.66
0.67
0.68
0.69
0.7
0.71
0.72
0.73
0.74
0.75
0.76
0.77
0.78
0.79
0.8
0.81
0.82
0.83
0.84
0.85
0.86
0.87
0.88
0.89
0.9
0.91
0.92
0.93
0.94
0.95
0.96
0.97
0.98
0.99
1.00
1.01
1.02
1.03
1.04
1.05
1.06
1.07
1.08
1.09
1.10
1.11
1.12
1.13

0.32
0.32
0.32
0.33
0.33
0.33
0.33
0.33
0.34
0.34
0.34
0.34
0.34
0.35
0.35
0.35
0.35
0.35
0.35
0.35
0.36
0.36
0.36
0.36
0.36
0.36
0.37
0.37
0.37
0.37
0.37
0.37
0.38
0.38
0.38
0.38
0.38
0.38
0.39
0.39
0.39
0.39
0.39
0.39
0.39
0.39
0.4
0.4
0.4
0.4
0.4
0.4

7
8
9
10
11
12
13
14
15
16
17
18
19
20
21
22
23
24
25
26
27
28
29
30
31
32
33
34
35
36
37
38
39
40
41
42
43
44
45
46
47
48
49
50
51
52
53
54
55
56
57
58

0.122
0.139
0.156
0.174
0.191
0.208
0.225
0.242
0.259
0.276
0.292
0.309
0.326
0.342
0.358
0.375
0.391
0.407
0.422
0.438
0.454
0.469
0.485
0.500
0.515
0.530
0.545
0.559
0.573
0.858
0.602
0.616
0.629
0.643
0.656
0.669
0.682
0.695
0.707
0.719
0.731
0.742
0.755
0.766
0.777
0.788
0.799
0.809
0.819
0.829
0.839
0.848

0.993
0.990
0.988
0.985
0.981
0.978
0.974
0.970
0.966
0.961
0.956
0.951
0.946
0.940
0.934
0.927
0.921
0.924
0.906
0.898
0.891
0.883
0.875
0.866
0.857
0.848
0.839
0.829
0.819
0.809
0.799
0.788
0.777
0.766
0.755
0.743
0.731
0.719
0.707
0.695
0.682
0.669
0.656
0.643
0.629
0.616
0.602
0.588
0.574
0.559
0.545
0.530

0.123
0.140
0.158
0.176
0.194
0.213
0.231
0.249
0.268
0.287
0.306
0.325
0.344
0.364
0.384
0.404
0.424
0.440
0.466
0.488
0.510
0.532
0.554
0.577
0.601
0.625
0.649
0.675
0.700
1.060
0.754
0.781
0.810
0.839
0.869
0.900
0.933
0.966
1.000
1.036
1.072
1.109
1.150
1.192
1.235
1.280
1.327
1.376
1.428
1.483
1.540
1.600

7
8
9
10
11
12
13
14
15
16
17
18
19
20
21
22
23
24
25
26
27
28
29
30
31
32
33
34
35
36
37
38
39
40
41
42
43
44
45
46
47
48
49
50
51
52
53
54
55
56
57
58

1.52
1.53
1.54
1.55
1.56
1.57
1.58
1.59
1.60
1.61
1.62
1.63
1.64

0.4
0.4
0.41
0.41
0.41
0.41
0.41
0.41
0.41
0.41
0.41
0.42
0.42
0.42
0.42
0.42
0.42
0.42
0.42
0.43
0.43
0.43
0.43
0.43
0.43
0.43
0.43
0.44
0.44
0.44
0.44
0.44
0.44
0.44
0.44
0.44
0.45
0.45
0.45
0.45
0.45
0.45
0.45
0.45
0.45
0.45
0.45
0.45
0.45
0.46
0.46

59
60
61
62
63
64
65
66
67
68
69
70
71
72
73
74
75
76
77
78
79
80
81
82
83
84
85
86
87
88
89
90

0.857
0.866
0.875
0.883
0.891
0.899
0.906
0.914
0.921
0.927
0.934
0.940
0.946
0.951
0.956
0.961
0.966
0.970
0.974
0.978
0.982
0.985
0.988
0.999
0.993
0.995
0.996
0.998
0.999
0.999
0.9998
1.000

0.515
0.500
0.485
0.470
0.454
0.438
0.423
0.407
0.391
0.375
0.358
0.342
0.326
0.309
0.292
0.276
0.259
0.242
0.225
0.208
0.191
0.174
0.156
0.139
0.122
0.105
0.087
0.070
0.052
0.035
0.017
0.000

1.664
1.732
1.804
1.880
1.963
2.051
2.145
2.246
2.356
2.475
2.605
2.747
2.904
3.078
3.271
3.488
3.732
4.011
4.332
4.705
5.145
5.673
6.315
7.178
8.145
9.517
11.431
14.302
19.083
28.637
57.295
1.000

59
60
61
62
63
64
65
66
67
68
69
70
71
72
73
74
75
76
77
78
79
80
81
82
83
84
85
86
87
88
89
90

Table Carpentors's coefficents for cylenlidrical tank

Value of H/D

1.14
1.15
1.16
1.17
1.18
1.19
1.20
1.21
1.22
1.23
1.24
1.25
1.26
1.27
1.28
1.29
1.30
1.31
1.32
1.33
1.34
1.35
1.36
1.37
1.38
1.39
1.40
1.41
1.42
1.43
1.44
1.45
1.46
1.47
1.48
1.49
1.50
1.51

Factors
H+dA
0.2
0.3
0.4
0.5
1.0
2.0
4.0

F
10
0.046
0.032
0.024
0.02
0.012
0.006
0.004

20
0.028
0.019
0.014
0.02
0.006
0.003
0.002

K1
30
0.022
0.014
0.01
0.009
0.005
0.002
0.002

40
0.015
0.01
0.007
0.006
0.003
0.002
0.001

10
0.55
0.5
0.45
0.37
0.3
0.27

1.65
1.66
1.67
1.68
1.69
1.70
1.71
1.72
1.73
1.74
1.75
1.76
1.77
1.78
1.79
1.80
1.81
1.82
1.83
1.84
1.85
1.86
1.87
1.88
1.89
1.90
1.91
1.92
1.93
1.94
1.95
1.96
1.97
1.98
1.99
2.00
2.01
2.02
2.03
2.04
2.05
2.06
2.07
2.08
2.09
2.10
2.11
2.12
2.13
2.14
2.15
2.16

0.46
0.46
0.46
0.46
0.46
0.46
0.46
0.46
0.46
0.46
0.47
0.47
0.47
0.47
0.47
0.47
0.47
0.47
0.47
0.47
0.47
0.47
0.47
0.48
0.48
0.48
0.48
0.48
0.48
0.48
0.48
0.48
0.48
0.48
0.48
0.49
0.49
0.49
0.49
0.49
0.49
0.49
0.49
0.49
0.49
0.49
0.49
0.49
0.50
0.50
0.50
0.50

2.17
2.18
2.19
2.20
2.21
2.22
2.23
2.24
2.25
2.26
2.27
2.28
2.29
2.30
2.31
2.32
2.33
2.34
2.35
2.36
2.37
2.38
2.39
2.40
2.41
2.42
2.43
2.44
2.45
2.46
2.47
2.48
2.49
2.50
2.51
2.52
2.53
2.54
2.55
2.56
2.57
2.58
2.59
2.60
2.61
2.62
2.63
2.64
2.65
2.66
2.67
2.68

0.50
0.50
0.50
0.50
0.50
0.50
0.50
0.50
0.51
0.51
0.51
0.51
0.51
0.51
0.51
0.51
0.51
0.51
0.51
0.51
0.51
0.51
0.51
0.51
0.51
0.51
0.51
0.51
0.51
0.51
0.51
0.51
0.51
0.51
0.51
0.51
0.51
0.51
0.51
0.51
0.51
0.51
0.51
0.51
0.51
0.51
0.51
0.51
0.51
0.51
0.51
0.51

2.69
2.70
2.71
2.72
2.73
2.74
2.75
2.76
2.77
2.78
2.79
2.80
2.81
2.82
2.83
2.84
2.85
2.86
2.87
2.88
2.89
2.90
2.91
2.92
2.93
2.94
2.95
2.96
2.97
2.98
2.99
3.00
3.01
3.02
3.03
3.04
3.05
3.06
3.07
3.08
3.09
3.10
3.11
3.12
3.13
3.14
3.15

0.51
0.51
0.51
0.51
0.51
0.51
0.51
0.51
0.51
0.51
0.51
0.51
0.51
0.51
0.51
0.51
0.51
0.51
0.51
0.51
0.51
0.51
0.51
0.51
0.51
0.51
0.51
0.51
0.51
0.51
0.51
0.51
0.51
0.51
0.51
0.51
0.51
0.51
0.51
0.51
0.51
0.51
0.51
0.51
0.51
0.51
0.51

Permissible Bond stress Table tbd in concrete (IS : 456-2000)


Grade of concreteM-10
-tbd (N / mm2)

M-15
0.6

M-20
0.8

M-25
0.9

M-30
1

M-35
1.1

M-40
1.2

M-45
1.3

Development Length in tension


Plain M.S. Bars

H.Y.S.D. Bars

Grade of
concrete

tbd (N / mm2)

kd = Ld F

tbd (N / mm2)

kd = Ld F

M 15

0.6

58

0.96

60

M 20

0.8

44

1.28

45

M 25

0.9

39

1.44

40

M 30

35

1.6

36

M 35

1.1

32

1.76

33

M 40

1.2

29

1.92

30

M 45

1.3

27

2.08

28

M 50

1.4

25

2.24

26

Permissible stress in concrete (IS : 456-2000)


Grade of
concrete
M
M
M
M
M
M
M
M
M

10
15
20
25
30
35
40
45
50

Permission stress in compression (N/mm 2) Permissible stress in bond (Average) for


Bending acbc
Direct (acc)
plain bars in tention (N/mm2)
(N/mm2)
3.0
5.0
7.0
8.5
10.0
11.5
13.0
14.5
16.0

Kg/m2
300
500
700
850
1000
1150
1300
1450
1600

(N/mm2)
2.5
4.0
5.0
6.0
8.0
9.0
10.0
11.0
12.0

Kg/m2
250
400
500
600
800
900
1000
1100
1200

(N/mm2)
-0.6
0.8
0.9
1.0
1.1
1.2
1.3
1.4

in kg/m2
-60
80
90
100
110
120
130
140

Maximum shear stress tc.max in concrete (IS : 456-2000)


Grade of concrete

tc.max

M-15
1.6

M-20
1.8

M-25
1.9

M-30
2.2

M-35
2.3

M-40
2.5

n factore Table
415

1.90
1.80
1.70
1.60
1.50
1.40
1.30
1.20
1.15
1.05
1.02
1.20
0.98
0.96
0.94
0.92
0.91
0.90
0.89
0.86
0.86
0.85
0.84
0.83
0.83
0.82
0.82
0.81
0.81
0.81
0.81
0.81
0.81
0.81

500
2.00
1.80
1.65
1.50
1.40
1.35
1.30
1.20
1.16
1.08
1.00
0.95
0.90
0.86
0.84
0.82
0.81
0.80
0.79
0.78
0.77
0.76
0.75
0.74
0.73
0.72
0.72
0.72
0.71
0.71
0.71
0.70
0.70
0.69
0.69
0.68
0.68

sin
0.017
0.035
0.052
0.070
0.087
0.104

Degree
1
2
3
4
5
6

0.122
0.139
0.156
0.174
0.191
0.208
0.225
0.242
0.259
0.276
0.292
0.309
0.326
0.342
0.358
0.375
0.391
0.407
0.422
0.438
0.454
0.469
0.485
0.500
0.515
0.530
0.545
0.559
0.573
0.588
0.602
0.616
0.629
0.643
0.656
0.669
0.682
0.695
0.707
0.719
0.731
0.742
0.755
0.766
0.777
0.788
0.799
0.809
0.819
0.829
0.839
0.848

7
8
9
10
11
12
13
14
15
16
17
18
19
20
21
22
23
24
25
26
27
28
29
30
31
32
33
34
35
36
37
38
39
40
41
42
43
44
45
46
47
48
49
50
51
52
53
54
55
56
57
58

0.857
0.866
0.875
0.883
0.891
0.899
0.906
0.914
0.921
0.927
0.934
0.940
0.946
0.951
0.956
0.961
0.966
0.970
0.974
0.978
0.982
0.985
0.988
0.999
0.993
0.995
0.996
0.998
0.999
0.999
0.9998
1.000

59
60
61
62
63
64
65
66
67
68
69
70
71
72
73
74
75
76
77
78
79
80
81
82
83
84
85
86
87
88
89
90

oefficents for cylenlidrical tank (Reyolndhand book)


K1
20
0.5
0.43
0.39
0.37
0.28
0.22
0.2

K2
30
0.45
0.38
0.35
0.32
0.24
0.19
0.17

40
0.4
0.33
0.3
0.27
0.21
0.16
0.14

10
0.32
0.35
0.44
0.48
0.62
0.73
0.8

20
0.46
0.53
0.58
0.63
0.73
0.81
0.85

30
0.53
0.6
0.65
0.69
0.74
0.85
0.87

40
0.5
0.66
0.7
0.73
0.83
0.88
0.9

00)
M-50
1.4
fs = 120 =fy200

2.0

fs =145 =fy250
fs =190 =fy328

1.6

fs =240 =fy415
fs = 290 =fy500

1.2
0.8
0.4

0.4

0.8

1.2

1.6

2.0

Modification factore
Fig 7.1
Fs= steel stress of service load =0.58fy
for steeel
2
fy 500
= Fs 290 N/mm
2
fy 415
= Fs 240 N/mm
2
fy 328
= Fs 190 N/mm
2
fy 250
= Fs 145 N/mm
2
fy 207
= Fs 120 N/mm

2.4

2.8

3.2