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―Our mission Is to profitably manufacture And Supply clothing of require quality standards To our customers On time, every time"
COM PANY PROFILE: MATRIX CLOTHING PVT. LTD. Year of establishment: June 1980 Address: Matrix clothing Village - mohammadpur. Khandsa road, p.o. -Narsinghpur, Gurgaon-122001 haryana Annual turnover: 130 crore Rs. Ownership: Partnership firm Partners: Mr. Gautam Nair Mr. Vikram Nair Mr. Rajeev Dhawan Monthly production capacity: 2 lac polos. 3 lacs boxer shorts, 1 lac ladies garments No. Of employees: 2200 BRIEF PROFILE PAUSHAK, a partnership firm, was set up in June 1980, to manufacture "paushak" (this is a Persian word, meaning clothing) for the international market. The original partnership is still flourishing with each of the three partners having a hand-on involvement in operations. Paushak and its sister concern, matrix Clothing(P) LTD , are currently engaged in the manufacture of woven and knitwear ladies/men's apparel essentially for European and North American markets. Other companies in the group are engaged in the manufacture and export of polyesters zip fasteners. Total group sales turnover for current year 2005-2006 is INR 130 Crores (equivalent to US$ 29million) Of this apparel accounted for INR 90 crores or US$20 million.
The Top Management
Rajeev Dhawan ,Handles production operations for both the woven and knitwear divisions. Gautam Nair, Handles client services and commercial operations.
PRODUCT RANGE WOVEN They make various products for men as well as ladies but the area of specialization is in Men's/Boy's Boxer shorts along with ladies embellishment tops and blouses. KNITWEAR Their product range in knitwear comprises of: • men's knitted polos and cont front shirts in a variety of specialized fabrics. They work with single/double mercerized fabrics, moisture management and performance fabrics in 100% cotton as well as in blends. • ladies/girls knit tops with embroidery, bleaching and printing embellishments.
CLIENTS They work with several international brands which are known world over for the quality of their merchandise. The factory has been evaluated and approved for production by well known brands as: 1. The gap clothing co. U.S.A. 2. Philip van huesen co. U.S.A. 3. Kohl's 4. Speedo 5. Ashworth 6. J. Crew 7. Reebok 8. Timberland 9. Abercrombie and fitch 10. Hollister
11 .Next, U.K. 12. The Otto versand combined group, Europe 13. Speedo U.K. 14. Espirit 15. IZOD 16. Benetton group 17 .Armani exchange 18. Nautica 19. Tommy Hilfiger 20. Greg Norman collection 21. Calvin Klein 22. Tehama 23. Mervyns 24. Debenhams 25. Rockport 26. Old navy 27. Jos-a-bank 28. Woolworth 29. Belk
MANUFACTURING FACILITIES Manufacturing operations for both knits and woven are processed at Gurgaon factory, about 40kms from Delhi. The Gurgaon unit is a state of the art factory having over 100,000 sq. Ft of covered area. To ensure a hygienic, dust free atmosphere, the entire unit is air cooled by a forced draft ventilation cooling system. Complete operations from cutting to dispatch are done in house-over 400 Japanese sewing and special purpose machines have been installed. Special machines include 3-thread and 5-thread overlook, feed off the arm, double needle machines, edge cutting, needle feed machines, bar tacking and band knife cutters, more man 50% of the machines are, micro processors controlled with,
Although hardly any effluent is generated during the production process. development. Company‘s Monthly capacity is 300. fire/safety regulations and minimum wages/ perquisites to employees. religion. caste or creed. Towards this end. we have 7 circular knitting machines and 12 flat knit collar machines installed in house.000 polo shirts per month and 100. They believe that every business has a social responsibility towards the society from where it draws its resources. A total of 600 sewing machines are currently engaged in knitwear production. and motivation and general welfare. The monthly capacity is 200. the company is an equal opportunity employer and does not discriminate in hiring people on the basis of sex.000 ladies tops. waste water from our washing department and toilets is treated in our own effluent treatment plant jointly owned with an associate company before being recycled for use for horticulture purposes. A complete washing plant is also installed in house and is shared with the knitwear division.000 ladies tops per month with production being done on art assembly line system to enable quick turnarounds in sampling and production. All manufacturing operations are centralized at Gurgaon. In the past we have donated . we regularly participate in several social and community development projects. They have a unique employee welfare scheme where up to two children of every employee whohas been in service for over seven years are provided free education up to high school. They have an HR department for development of human resources which focuses on their training. EXTERNAL ENVIRONMENT : Matrix Clothing Concern for the environment is a cornerstone of our individual and business philosophy. THE ENVIRONMENT INTERNAL ENVIRONMENT : Matrix Clothing Compliance with human right standards is a key issue for today's apparel maker. This enables the bulk of fabric/collar knitting/development and all of our embroideries to be done in house. We meet and exceed statutory requirements on work place hygiene.000 boxer shorts and 60. We also have three computerized embroidery machines with a total of 46 embroidery stations.automatic tacking and thread trimming functions.
No. Duke Duke Quantity 14 151 12 21 17 1 3 3 21 12 3 5 3 1 1 270 2. mobilizing funds for the Kargil relief fund for The Indian army and organizing a fund collection effort from within the company towards Helping the earthquake ravaged state of Gujarat where thousands of innocents lost their lives. Juki Eastman Aura .computers to a nearby village school for free computer education for under privileged students. Unit 1 (Knitted also known as Timberland Floor) Machine Details : S. Brother Pegasus. Yamato Brother. They also work actively with an NGO called the ‗Salaam Baalak‘ trust. Pegasus Pegasus Brother Brother. VARIOUS UNITS OF MATRIX CLOTHING 1. organizing relief material for cyclone ravaged area of Orissa in eastern India. which works towards the rehabilitation of street children in Delhi. Brother Juki. 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 11 12 13 14 15 Machine Type Single Needle Lockstitch(Normal) Single Needle Lockstitch(UBT) SNLS (with Edge Cutter) 4 T O/L 5 T O/L 6 T O/L Button Hole Button Stitch Bartack Flat Lock with Cloth Trimmer DNLS Straight Knife Cutting M/c Fusing M/c Band Knife Needle Detection M/c Model Juki Juki. Yamato Juki. Unit I (Sampling) Machine Details : . Juki Juki Pegasus.
Yamato Juki. No. 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 10 11 12 13 Machine Type Single Needle Lockstitch(UBT) 4 T O/L 5 T O/L 6 T O/L Button Hole Button Stitch Bartack Flat Lock Flat Lock with Cloth Trimmer DNCS Band Knife Model Juki. Juki Quantity 0 90 10 15 23 0 3 2 2 16 13 7 1 . Juki Juki Pegasus. Pegasus Brother. Brother Pegasus. Brother Pegasus.S. Juki Juki. Brother Pegasus.Juki Brother. Yamato Brother. No. Yamato Juki. Knits 1st Floor Machine Details : S. Brother Juki. Yamato Pegasus Higlade Duke Quantity 21 4 1 1 1 1 1 3 1 1 1 35 3. Yamato Pegasus. Pegasus Pegasus Brother Brother. 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 11 12 13 Machine Type Single Needle Lockstitch(Normal) Single Needle Lockstitch(UBT) SNLS (with Edge Cutter) 4 T O/L 5 T O/L 6 T O/L Button Hole Button Stitch Bartack Flat Lock Flat Lock with Cloth Trimmer DNLS SNCS Model Juki.
Brother Pegasus. Yamato Brother Eastman Kumsum Duke Ramsons Travel Excel Quantity 0 88 7 19 23 0 3 2 3 13 8 1 0 3 2 1 1 2 23 . No. Knits 2nd Floor : Machine Details : S. Pegasus Brother. Brother Juki.Juki Brother. 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 11 12 13 14 15 16 17 18 19 Machine Type Single Needle Lockstitch(Normal) Single Needle Lockstitch(UBT) SNLS (with Edge Cutter) 4 T O/L 5 T O/L 6 T O/L Button Hole Button Stitch Bartack Flat Lock Flat Lock with Cloth Trimmer DNLS SNCS Straight Knife Cutting M/c Fusing M/c Band Knife Transfer Fusing Spotting M/c Pressing Table Model Juki.14 15 16 17 18 19 Straight Knife Cutting M/c Fusing M/c Band Knife Drill Maker Spotting M/c Pressing Table Eastman Kumsum Duke Kingsew Travel Excel 3 2 1 1 2 24 217 4. Yamato Juki. Yamato Pegasus. Juki Juki. Brother Pegasus.
Yamato Juki. Brother Pegasus. 1 2 3 5 6 7 10 11 Machine Type Single Needle Lockstitch(UBT) 4 T O/L 5 T O/L Button Hole Button Stitch Feed of the Arm Flat Lock Kansai Special Model Juki. Juki Quantity 0 142 4 1 4 0 2 2 7 0 3 8 . Yamato Brother. Pegasus Brother Brother Juki Pegasus.Men‘s) Machine Details : S. Unit II (3rd Floor) Machine Details : S. No. Yamato Juki.187 5. Pegasus Brother Brother Juki Pegasus. Yamato Fx 4404 Quantity 15 2 2 1 1 1 4 1 27 6. Brother Juki. No. Brother Pegasus. 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 11 12 Machine Type Single Needle Lockstitch(Normal) Single Needle Lockstitch(UBT) SNLS (with Edge Cutter) 4 T O/L 5 T O/L 6 T O/L Button Hole Button Stitch Bartack Flat Lock Flat Lock with Cloth Trimmer DNLS Model Juki. Unit II (Sampling. Yamato Pegasus.
Yamato Brother. Typical Eastman Fablion 450 Fx Series Juki. Juki Juki Pegasus.T.S.Brother Travel Excel Hasima Eastman 6 3 1 15 20 5 26 1 1 251 7. 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 11 12 13 14 Machine Type Single Needle Lockstitch(Normal) Single Needle Lockstitch(UBT) SNLS (with Edge Cutter) 4 T O/L 5 T O/L 6 T O/L Button Hole Button Stitch Bartack Flat Lock Flat Lock with Cloth Trimmer DNLS Snap Button M/c Needle Detection M/c Model Juki Juki. Juki Tacking Eastman Quantity 10 131 2 27 11 1 1 1 1 14 3 3 1 1 207 .13 14 15 16 17 18 19 20 21 DNCS Straight Knife Cutting M/c Fusing M/c Kansai Special Feed of the Arm Spotting M/c Pressing Table Cone Binder End Cutter Juki. Yamato Pegasus. Brother Pegasus Pegasus Pegasus Brother Brother. Ground Floor Machine Details : S. L. Brother Juki. No.
Yamato Pegasus Pegasus Brother Brother Juki Pegasus. 2nd Floor Machine Details : S. 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 11 12 13 14 15 16 17 18 Machine Type Single Needle Lockstitch(Normal) Single Needle Lockstitch(UBT) SNLS (with Edge Cutter) 4 T O/L 5 T O/L 6 T O/L Button Hole Button Stitch Bartack Flat Lock Flat Lock with Cloth Trimmer DNLS SNCS Straight Knife Cutter Rib Cutter Band Knife Transfer Fusing Fusing M/c Model Juki Juki. L. Brother Pegasus. 1st Floor Machine Details : S. Yamato Pegasus.8. Higlade Eastman Juki Duke Ramsons Hasima Quantity 12 109 5 33 1 1 1 1 1 8 11 0 3 5 1 1 3 2 206 9. No. L.S. Brother Juki.T. Yamato Brother.S. No. Juki Juki. 1 2 3 4 Machine Type Single Needle Lockstitch(Normal) Single Needle Lockstitch(UBT) SNLS (with Edge Cutter) 4 T O/L Model Juki Juki.T. Brother Juki Pegasus Quantity 11 10 1 3 .
Juki 2 3 0 3 4 37 10. Brother Eastman Aura Juki Quantity 115 75 15 10 9 4 0 2 3 5 19 3 3 3 1 2 1 . Yamato Brother. 33 Machine Details : S. Fuken Juki Pegasus. No. Yamato Pegasus. Plot No. 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 11 12 13 14 15 16 17 Machine Type Single Needle Lockstitch(Normal) Single Needle Lockstitch(UBT) Single Needle Lockstitch SNLS (with Edge Cutter) SNLS (with Edge Cutter) 4 T O/L 5 T O/L F/L Trimmer DNLS DNLS Flat Lock Button Stitch UBT Bartack Buttonhole Band Knife Cutting M/c Fusing M/c DNCS Model Brother Brother Juki Juki Brother Pegasus Pegasus Pegasus Brother Juki Pegasus Juki Brother Juki.5 6 7 8 12 Multi Needle Chain Stitch Feed of the Arm Flat Lock Flat Lock with Cloth Trimmer DNLS Kansai.
Brother Eastman Hashima Tony Quantity 228 10 15 37 4 12 10 2 3 2 4 1 1 337 . Hangan. 412 Machine Details: S. Brother Pegasus Brother Pegasus Brother Brother Juki. Juki. 1 5 6 7 8 9 10 11 12 13 14 17 18 Machine Type Single Needle Lockstitch(Normal) SNLS (with Edge Cutter) 4 T O/L 5 T O/L F/L Trimmer DNLS Flat Lock Button Stitch UBT Bartack Buttonhole Straight Knife Cutting M/c Fusing M/c Snap Button M/c Model Brother. Maqi Brother Pegasus Pegasus. KM Mark 5 318 11. Plot No. No.18 Straight Knife M/c Eastman.
trims and packaging. supervision and control. Thus a merchandiser is a fulcrum of the organization that involves coordinating and follow-up against tight schedules merchandising department is involved throughout the process at each and every step from getting the order. An invoice is a tender which is sent to the buyer which contains the details about the buyer‘s name. A cost sheet is used for this purpose. It is the responsibility of a merchandiser to for all the milestone activities with regard to processing of an order viz. make.e. The main role of merchandiser in a production unit is to fulfil the needs of buyers by coordinating with the manufacturing departments. Cut. Sampling. credit or open account etc. Negotiations then take place between the two and they decide upon a common point of agreement. Merchandising is the focal point of activity in this company. bulk approvals. When an order is received the first and main step is the calculation of the cost of the garment. At matrix as such no invoice is prepared as the buyers are fixed but for new buyers this is done. In case of old buyers.Merchandising Merchandising is the central part of garment manufacturing company. production. fabric and garment testing. Costing depends on the following factors : Fabric cost Fabric Type Yarn Count GSM Tube size open Tube size closed . His work is to balance the quality price and delivery simultaneously with proper co-ordination. the buyers send the tech pack and then the merchandiser sends the pricing. getting sample approvals. to the shipment of the order. price quotation. The merchandiser prepares invoice. ordering fabrics. packaging and dispatch. address. Merchandising is vital from the buyer sourcing to the delivery of the products. It also includes the fabric and embellishments cost. The costing is done in regards to CMTP i. terms of payment. shipment sample submissions. ordering trims and accessories. inspection.
Fabric cost per kg: yarn cost + knitting cost + knitting wastage + wet processing charge + processing loss + tube size open or closed Collar Cutting cost Cutting charge Production cost Lockstitch Overlock Flatlock Folding/binding Shell stitch Thread Thread cutting Trims cost Main label Twill tape Care label Tag AP Ticket (or any other Tickets) Tape Side label Finishing/packaging cost Washing Pressing Price tag Packing material Carton Truck to Chennai .
The buyer then sends a specification sheet to the merchandiser. If the samples are approved then the next step is the construction of the size samples.Embellishments cost Woven patch Printing Sequins Embroidery OVERHEADS All indirect costs Contribution It is the profit margin for the company. It is usually 6-7%. If these size set samples are approved then the in house production order is received and accordingly everything is ordered for. they are to be made again. Drawback The percentage which is given by the government because the company is exporting and getting foreign currency in India. Usually 3 proto samples are made. It is usually 6-7%. which contains all required details about the order. Two copies are made. Once the cost is determined. This amount is usually deducted from the contribution value. If the proto samples are rejected. the merchandiser quotes this cost to the buyer. which is in turn made by the marker efficiency form. One is sent to the buyer. The number of proto samples to be made is determined by the buyer. Size Set samples are made in all sizes with the required fabric in the original colour. Based on this spec sheet the proto sample is made. Handling/settlement value It is the amount that is given to the buyer. one to the buying house and the third one is kept by the merchandiser as a counter sample. one of them is sent to the sourcing department so that the required amount of fabric is procured for production and the other copy is sent to the CAD department to get the average. The merchandiser makes cad request form by this purchase order form. This average helps in knowing how . Negotiations take place between the two and accordingly a settlement is reached.
It lists the color wise and size wise breakdown of particular style. The main documents that are used by the merchandising departments are: 1. and finishing. Side by side the sampling has started and the samples are to be approved. This indent is the permission by the merchandiser to buy the trims as well as the fabric. Once an order is given it is punched into the ERP software. the trims and accessories that are required etc. The copy of this summary sheet is circulated to all department heads that are associated with the processing of the order namely fabric department. the amount of fabric required. An indent is formed for the fabric as well as the trims. The order confirmation tells about the price where as BOM tells about the required quantity. Through the cad request form MRL is generated. The software that is used by the merchandisers is called the ‗World Fashion Exchange‘. The approved fabric and the trims swatch are received.much fabric would be required for the particular number of pieces. The head of the merchandising department signs it. This summary sheet consists of a one-page summary of the details of the order. MRL lets one know the amount of total fabric that is required as well as the trims. Alongside MRL. Tech pack-it contains all the technical details about the garment to be manufactured. BOM is made. the consumption. K. delivery date and price. shipping and documentation department. MRL=BOM x OC The merchandiser then prepares a summary sheet. The order confirmation number has the following parts: 11. It contains the construction details. MRL is material requirement list. stores. BOM is the bill of material for fabric.TMB. production. accounts. quantity. . the type of fabric to be used.033. style etc. trims as well as for the packaging material.0173 11 stand for the year K stands for knits TMB stands for the buyer name 033 the order number of the year for the particular buyer 0173 the order number of the year for the whole company When the order is punched the cad requisition form is made. The order is punched with the order confirmation number along with the details of the buyer.
hang tag and price ticket etc.2.in this case the delivery is to be made till the buyer‘s port DDU-delivery duty and paid . the total time required in the production department i. It is again made for fabric. This open account enables the company to take out capital from the account. sewing and packing trims. and the different types of fabric that are used in the garment. accessories and trims. This is usually done with orders that are running all around the year. the time taken for getting the bulk fabric. sticker. size labels and buttons etc. The fabric contains cuffs. C&F-cost and freight C&I-cost and insurance LDP-land duty port . collars.it is the simplest costing procedure.as the buyers and the company have been working for a long time now.as the name suggests it contains the time period to be allotted for a particular action. In this the costing is done till the delivery till the port of one‘s own country. color. MRL lets one know the amount of total fabric that is required as well as the trims. which is in turn filled up by the buyer. MRL. they have an open account. 4. sent and approved.in this case the delivery is to be made till the buyer‘s warehouse or the buyer‘s destination. the time it takes to get the purchase order. tissue paper. The sewing trims consist of main labels. size (in case of collars and cuffs). The difference between the planned and actual dates should be less and it is usually made for a total of 90 days from the order receive date till the shipment date. purchase officer etc. It is made for fabric. The packing trims consist of poly bag.it is the material requirement list. By action it means the time the samples need to be made. It contains the type of fabric. BOM-it is the bill of material. . wash care labels. sewing trims and packing trims. rate. Payment terms Payment in advance-the payment for the delivery is done in the advance Open account. supplier.e. quantity. Time and action plan. PURCHASING TERMS FOB-free on board. 3. from cutting to packaging and also the time for shipping and documentation.
Order stage The merchandiser gets detailed information from buyer about a product like: Style Details: Tech pack Fabric type Quality and fiber content Trim requirements and quality of trims used color details Additional processing required like washing. This bank then prepares an agreement on the basis of some clauses such as the time for payment etc. The company receives the p0 and issues a copy of it to his bank. The buyer‘s bank gives these documents to the buyer only if the bank receives the payment. this buying house then sends the goods to the foreign buyer. printing. The buyer can get the shipment only on the basis of these documents. The exporter sends the shipment to the buying house. embroidery. If the goods are not sold then they can be returned to the buying house. The bank then forwards the PO to the buyer‘s bank and the dealings are made accordingly. The entitlement of the goods will not be transferred to the foreign buyer. he sends the loc to his bank.Letter of credit (loc)-letter of credit is the proof by the buyer that the payment will be made to the company on the shipment. It is usually given after 30 days of shipment. which sends it to the buyer‘s bank. Documents on payment (DOP) and documents on acceptance (DOA)DOA-the company sends the documents to its bank. The company can now take up to 80-90% of the capital by their bank. Sometimes they provide a style sample also Sampling Stage : Make the prototype sample Coordinate with research and development for product study . DOP-the documents are sent to the company‘s bank. And when the buyer signs these agreements then only will he get those documents. As the buyer sends the purchase order (PO) to the company. This bank then sends the documents to the buyer‘s bank. It will get the entitlement only if it sells.
Find the fabric consumptions and initial costing Send the sample with price quotations Confirmation Stage: receive the purchase order receive the amendments in the style confirm the price confirm the delivery schedule and get the required lead time.E. Conduct the tests in buyers authorized laboratory and get it approved. Production stage: call for the production meeting every Saturday prepare the production file and forward the same to the unit look upon the finance in each department Shipment stage: Coordinate with logistics department and buyer for shipping documents coordinate with bank for receiving the money The major focus of the merchandiser is on his communication skills. Processing stage Receive the commands for the end sample and get it corrected Get the approval for the samples and trims Prepare the time action calendar Prepare the fabric and trim indents Get the list of tests required Coordination with the logistics. r&d and I. he acts as the mediator between the buyer and the company. The mode of communication practiced in matrix is via emails and faxes. For detailed reports Coordinate with PPC for production planning Send the order status to the buying office at every stage Receive the ordered fabric and trims. Correspondence files are maintained for each buyer in which the details of all the . While taking up the order it is his job to ensure that no mistakes take place and there should be no misunderstanding between him and the buyer.
If any mistake is done in this aspect it may lead to held up of production and ultimately the delay or in worse cases the cancellation of shipments. It is the responsibility of the merchandiser to ensure that the data which is supplied to the various departments of the company is free from any errors. Example of a 90 day Template of T&A Calendar Track Target Date : 08 July 2011-07-02 Task Duration (in Days) After Task Target Date OC PUNCHING LAB DIP APPROVAL FINAL MRL PROCESSING TRIMS INHOUSE DEADLINE 1 7 8 35 OC PUNCHING FINAL MRL PROCESSING 10 APR 2011 16 APR 2011 18 APR 2011 23 MAY 2011 FIT SAMPLE APPROVAL FABRIC FIRST LOT APPROVAL PP/ SEALER APPROVAL 17 21 LAB DIP APPROVAL 26 APRIL 2011 7 MAY 2011 15 FABRIC FIRST LOT APPROVAL. FIT SAMPLE APPROVAL 22 MAY 2011 FABRIC TEST RESULTS 1 FABRIC FIRST LOT APPROVAL 8 MAY 2011 FABRIC INHOUSE 21 FABRIC FIRST LOT APPROVAL 28 MAY 2011 FILE HANDOVER DATE PCD FINAL INSPECTION 55 62 28 PCD 3 JUNE 2011 10 JUNE 2011 8 JULY 2011 .incoming and outgoing correspondences are kept.
Middle. End) to the Buyer Send the Top of Production Sample to the Buyer Accumulate the Pack Pull Samples Co-ordinate with the Production Department and send the order on time .Jist of Merchandising Activity: Receive the Tech Pack from the Buyer Prepare the Proto Sample Get the Approval of the Proto Sample Prepare the Fit Samples/Get them approved Send the Sales Man Sample to the Buyer Prepare the Pre Production Sample Prepare the Pre Production Sample Get the Pre Production Sample Approved Send the Fabric Sample (Beginning.
PRICE (INR) ITEM ITEM DESCRIPTION FOB LDP .Sample Cost Sheet : Knits/Timberland Buyer / Label Season Style # Style Description Yarn Count / Type Yarn Conten t Fabric Type / Finish FABRIC PRICE C T G Date : ITEM YA RN KNIT TING LOS S% PRC. PRICE (INR) TOTAL FABRIC PRICE STITCHING / PACKING TRIM PRICE FRT + HANDLING % CON S. COST LOS S% TO PANEL TAL LENGTH PANEL WIDTH GSM CON S.
TOTAL TRIM PRICE VALUE ADDITION COST (EMBROIDERY/PRINTING/OVERDYING) COST /KG CO NS. COST/P c. CHARGES GARMENT SAM SAM COST TOTAL INPUT COST TOTAL COST PRICE CONTRIBUTION DRAWBACK SELLING PRICE NET CONTIBUTION SPECIAL EXCHANGE RATE REMARKS APPROVED AS ON : AUTHORIZED BY : . REJECTION % PRICE (INR) OPERATION EFF% TOTAL EMBELLISHMENT COST COSTING SUMMARY PRICE (INR) MISC.
Yard are calculated. middle and end are checked and recorded. knitted fabric and the Trims as well. The widths of the fabric at beginning.e. a maximum of 40 defects per 100 sq yd 5. The woven fabric is checked entirely while the knit fabric is checked only 20%.O. Once the quantity is issued a challan is issued to keep a record of the fabric issued. Woven Fabric Store 2 – 200 Tons knits + 10000 mt. to the right department/floor. 3. 7. The Store is responsible for adequately holding the material and issuing the materials in the right quantity. One store is specifically dedicated for storing the knitted fabrics. The record of defects in the fabric is also kept. the capacity of which are : Store 1 – 50 Tons knits + 2 Lakh mt.Store There are 2 stores at Matrix Clothing. and the amount to be issued. and normally those fabric rolls . while the other store holds the woven fabric. 4. 6. This helps in communicating to the floor and warning them about the defects so that counter measures can be taken. in the right time. Woven Fabric 4 point system for fabric checking: Up to 3 inches 1 point 3-6 inches 2 points 6-9 inches 3 points Over 9 inches 4 points Holes and openings 0-1 inches 2 points Over 1 inches 4 points Total defects points per 100 sq. There are 2 fabric stores. When the store receives the order from any department the store checks the P. Receive the fabric Tally the fabric against the ordered and mentioned quantity Open the bale and tally the packing list (if woven fabric) Then the quality check is done as per the 4 point system i. Activities in the Store: 1. 2.
2. the inspector has to fill in a form for his reference as well. It contains the following details: Fabric: the type of fabric which is being inspected Supplier: the supplier of the fabric Color: the color of the fabric Width required Lot no Style no Buyer. Weight of the fabric roll . Of rolls As the rolls are being inspected. hence two pieces are obtained within the same roll. the roll no is noted down. Yard are considered "seconds". For every roll no the following Details have to be determined as well as calculated: 1. Of pieces: these are the number of fabric pieces in the whole roll. then the fabric is cut from that portion. the buyer's name Width received GSM required GSM received No. If the fabric has a defect which is stretched over a particular length and width. No.containing more than 40 points per 100 sq. Most prominent fabric faults to be looked upon are: Mending hole Hole Knitting fault Barre Color tinting Stain Kitty Crease As the rolls are being inspected. This form is called the matrix fabric inspection report. However different buyers have their different acceptance criteria.
Quantity 13. Total points 7. Yarn lot: contains the no. Combo 4. One of the stickers has the following details. 0-25% A grade-accepted 25-50% B grade . 3 point or 4 point and there respective total. After the roll is inspected. 2 point.under decision 50-75% C grade. It is to classify the defects on the basis of yarn defects.C or D grade.3. Roll no. Required size 10. 5. Points calculation: this is to see how many defects lie under the category of 1 point. 1. The other sticker that is put on the roll is the colored sticker that tells about the grade of the fabric. GSM calculated 4. 6. Style no 2. Width: the width is found out in the starting.GSM 12. middle and at the end. 9. Lot no.rejected Comments: the comments are made regarding the defects. Of defects This sticker is put on the fabric roll that is packed. This is to see if there is any width variation within the roll as it would give problems in cutting then. knitting defects or processing defects. Buyer 3. it is packed again in plastic sheets and two types of stickers are put on them. Purchase order no. This tells weather to grade the fabric as A. . 8. Actual size act 11. Party 6.under decision 75% and above D grade. B. 5. Date 7.
Red . Yellow. but they also produce fabric for shortages and urgent fabric requirements. Chiefly Fabric for Sampling is produced in the knitting section. 3. Has its own knitting section which provides 100% Rib and satisfies 10-15% requirement of fabric. 2 Electronic Jacquard machines (Diameter-31. 4. Knitting Section Matrix Clothing (P) Ltd. 2 Single Jersey (4 Track) machines (Diameter-30. There are 8 circular knitting machines. Gauge-28). The bill against the P.non conforming or under decision-B & C grade 3. contains the quantity.rejected from inspection . For checking the quality of the Trims received random boxes are opened and checked. 1 Rib Maker machine (Diameter-30. Gauge-24). Light green-passed from inspection-A grade 2. Mini Jacquard machine (Diameter-30. 1. 2. Gauge-28). . Gauge-18).O.The color code is: 1.D grade Trims Store : The Trims Store holds the following : Twill Tape Main Label Size Label Sewing Thread Embroidery Thread Wash care Label Asia Pacific Sticker Price Ticket Poly bag Sticker Poly bag Hang Tag Carton When the Trims are received by the Store firstly the quantities are checked.
The planning department also makes Daily Production Reports and Line Wise Reports which help them to keep a track of the production and make planning if anything goes wrong. PRODUCTION PLANNING A line plan is made by the planning department. The knitting unit does not have a fabric finishing facility. the target to be set. Particular buying house wants that particular line to make their product. This line plan is reviewed every day and the changes are incorporated every week. Gauge-14). the planning can also be made on historical data as in certain lines would be good at handling specific styles hence when the same style returns it can allotted to the same line.The section also has 12 flat bed knitting machines (Bed-80‖. These changes may be made because of inefficiency of the line. 3. These are: 1. It consists of the line number. This is because of normal and abnormal absenteeism as well as the current efficiency of normal working of the operators. This helps in putting the target for the particular line so as to meet the shipment date. date. The knitting unit can then supply the fabric to the sewing floors in a very short lead time. One coning machine. This line plan is made for each floor separately as well as for each line. This is the reason why the knitted fabric has to be sent outside for finishing. style gets delayed due to various reasons such as the fabrics and trims were not available on time etc. Full cooperation with the merchandising department is necessary . the output to be delivered as well as the target output of the whole day for the entire floor. the style number. Moreover. The line to be selected for the particular style is decided on various issues. The management is planning to have an in-house finishing facility very soon. Per day capacity of this unit is 1 Ton (produced in 24 hours). If it is repeat order for the line 2. Particular buying house wants that particular floor to make their product. While setting the line plan the efficiency of each line is taken around 50-55%. The capacity for each line is determined according to the SAM. There are 3 fabric Inspection machines. On an average the kitting unit provides 20-22 Tons fabric to the sewing floors.
.CAD Section The Process of CAD department : Development of pattern as per Style/Order Fit/P. Approval CAD Average Fabric Ordered Accordingly Shrinkage test Development of pattern as per Allowance Final Marker/Patter Ready Pattern Send to Production Floor The CAD department has the responsibility to provide the Sampling department and the Sewing floors with the correctly developed patterns.P. The CAD dept. must take special care of marker efficiency in order to utilise the fabric in the best possible way.
Striped : 500 Kg. RFD. Get the Order Quantity from the P.4 No. Engineered Striped. Auto Striped. solid pique.Spreading and Cutting At Unit I : No. Of Tables .O. Of Operators – 26 Types of fabrics handled – fleece. Receive the Fabric Cut the front and back mock for shrinkage test Give the shrinkage percentage along the CAD Requisition Allot the fabric to the cutting tables The Fabric is spread and cut .O. (only knits) Per Day Cutting Capacity : Solid Pieces : 5000-6000 Striped Pieces : 2000-2500 Per Day Fabric Consumption : Solid : 1800-2000 Kg. Of Straight Knife Cutting Machines – 5 No. Order the required fabric from the store Check the CAD average of the P.
Fleece Garment – Timberland Sweatshirt Total Fabric Quantity = 478 Kg. Finally the width of the fabric will be received and confirmed. 2. 6. Measure the widths of three different fabric lots. 4. .Rust Fabric . 3. 5.Bundling of Garment parts Ticketing and numbering on cut parts Feed the bundles to the lines Generate the Internal Issue Slip Standard Operating Procedure Before Cutting Fabric : 1. Generally Cut able Width = Actual Width – 2‖ or 3‖. . Segregate the fabric lots according to the width. Get the width wise and length wise shrinkage of the fabric. Hence according to the garment ratio and lay lot planning the CAD department gives the final length of the layers. Cut the mocks from these lots and send them for washing.94468 Colour . 7. Spreading and Cutting Activity : Fabric # 1 Style No.
is cut in 2 days. Of Operators Involved = 2 Length of Lay = 146.5 inch Width of Lay = 70 inch Lay Height = 4 inch Total P. Of Plies Spread = 45 Time Taken in Spreading (45 plies) = 51 minutes Time Taken in Cutting (45 plies) = 45 minutes No.O. / 438 pieces Table utilized for this P. 25th May – 93 kg. / 243 pieces 27th May – 385 kg.O. = 1 Operators = 5 Straight Knife Cutting m/c = 2 Type of Fabric Fleece Readings (in seconds) 35 37 36 38 35 33 36 35 51 38 37.Size Ratio – S : M : L : XL : XXL 48 : 150 : 197 : 177 : 109 No. of 478 Kg.4 Average Time .
The entire layer was cut in 45 minutes. The layer height went 1‖ above the mandatory lay height i.e. This can restrict the proper movement of the knife hence the number of plies for fleece should be max. . 4. 3.73 Total No. 35. The scissors must be sharpened so that the spreading time can be reduced. A lot of time is wasted on fetching things like scissors. the marker must be brought in as the spreading starts. Of plies were 45.Allowance Spreading SAM/ply Observations : 1. Fabric # 2 Style No. paper. 3. The spreading time was 51 minutes. 4. Suggestions : 1. These things must be sorted and put at specific places. 2.67499 Colour . Of Plies Spread = 32 .T-shirt Total Fabric Quantity = 91 Kg. The operators Santosh and RajKumar were quick in handling the fabric defects.Pique Garment .White Fabric . tape. 15% 0. Size Ratio – S : M : L : XL : XXL 43 : 86 : 64 : 32 : 109 No. After the layer is set there was no marker. 2. 3‖.
of 91 Kg. is cut in 1 day.O.19 Average Time Allowance Spreading SAM/ply Observations : 1.Time Taken in Spreading (32 plies) = 35 minutes Time Taken in Cutting (32 plies) = 57 minutes No.O. = 1 Operators = 5 Straight Knife Cutting m/c = 2 Type of Fabric RFD Pique Readings (in seconds) 63 66 58 68 66 75 60 55 53 57 62. 1 June – 93 kg. / 268 pieces Table utilized for this P.1 15% 1.5 inch Total P. Of Operators Involved = 2 Length of Lay = 236 cm Width of Lay =208 cm Lay Height = 2. . The operators were a bit slow in spreading and required the help in placing the marker properly.
is cut in 1 day. Fabric # 3 Style No.O. of 466 Kg. The operators must be educated about dropping the waste bits in the dust bins and keeping the walking area clean. . Of Operators Involved = 3 Length of Lay = 34 inch Width of Lay =14 inch Lay Height = 2.Dark Navy Garment – Rugby T-shirt Total Fabric Quantity = 466 Kg.5 inch Total P.91443 Colour . / 613 pieces Table utilized for this P.Suggestions : 1. = 1 Operators = 8 Straight Knife Cutting m/c = 2 Type of Fabric Autostriper Jersey Activity Block Cutting Readings (in seconds) 38 37 36 .O. 2nd June – 466 kg. Of Plies Spread = 52 Time Taken in Spreading (52 plies) = 126 minutes Time Taken in Cutting (52 plies) = 94 minutes No. No.
77 Average Time Allowance SAM (Bundling) Type of Fabric Autostriper Jersey Activity Layering Readings (in seconds) 26 20 22 13 15 18 .47 26 28 34 34 34 24 Average Time Allowance SAM (Block Cutting) 33.65 Type of Fabric Autostriper Jersey Activity Bundling Readings (in seconds) 58 57 40 32 32 37 45 29 37 33 40 15% 0.8 15% 0.
Of Straight Knife Cutting Machines – 3 No. Of Operators – 10 .9 15% 0.38 Type of Fabric Autostriper Jersey Activity Sleeve Spreading Readings (in seconds) 40 35 34 50 45 50 55 30 25 27 39. Of Tables .75 Average Time Allowance SAM (Sleeve Spreading) Spreading and Cutting At Unit II (3rd Floor) : No.4 No.1 15% 0.31 20 19 15 Average Time Allowance SAM (Layering) 19.
Of Plies : 245 No. # Fabric : 1 Garment: Boxer Men‘s Buyer : Abercrombie & Fitch Style : IL6184 (Checked) Width : 58‖ Layer Length : 5 yards No. Per Day Fabric Consumption : 4300-4500 mts. Of Operators : 3 No. Of cutting m/c : 2 Spreading Time : 2 hours 53 minutes Cutting Time : 1 hour 05 minutes Type of Fabric Woven Check Readings (in seconds) 34 37 30 38 30 34 31 36 32 40 .Types of fabrics handled – Woven (printed and checked) Per Day Cutting Capacity : 7000 pieces approx.
Average Time Allowance Spreading SAM/ply
34.2 15% 0.66
Observations : 1. The checked fabric layer requires manual flow matching of patters which can take around 1-1.5 hours. 2. There is only 1 pattern Master available for flow matching.
# Fabric : 2
Garment: Boxer Men‘s Buyer : Hollister (A&F) Style : IL6184 (Printed) Width : 59.5‖ Layer Length : 7 yards No. Of Plies : 30 No. Of Operators : 3 No. Of cutting m/c : 2 Spreading Time : 20 minutes Cutting Time : 52 minutes
Type of Fabric Woven Printed Readings (in seconds) 32 32
34 32 31 30 32 34 34 37 Average Time Allowance Spreading SAM/ply 32.8 15% 0.63
Observations: 1. There were 3 operators involved in the spreading of the layer. 2. We had the opportunity of removing one operator and as a result the time taken to spread 1 ply shot up by 15 seconds. 3. This was because the operators had to travel along the table twice for spreading the ply and once for setting it.
Style - #91443 Auto Striped Rugby T-Shirt. Timberland. As the result of Time Study :
S No. 1 2 3 4 5 6 Zig -Zag stitch on Collar Collar Run stitch Collar Top Stitch Collar Band Attach Deco Stitch on Band Cuff Join Name of the Operation SMV 0.76 0.81 0.68 0.86 0.83 0.65
7 8 9 10 11 12 13 14 15 16 17 18 19 20 21 22 23 24 25 26 27 28 29 30 31 *
Cuff Run stitch Placket to Placket Attach Placket Attach to Body Placket Tape attach to tape Placket Edge Stitch Placket Close and Finish Placket Box Making Label Attach to patch label patch attach to moon Moon Attach to Back Shoulder Attach Shoulder Turn & Stitch Sleeve Attach Armhole Topstitch Bottom Hem Stay Stitch to Neck Collar Attach to body Collar Finish Side Seam Attach & Placket Serge Slit Tape Attach Slit Tape Finish Cuff Attach Turn & Stitch on Attached Cuff Wash Care Label Attach Final Tack Garment SAM
0.78 0.52 0.85 0.61 0.65 1.2 1.12 0.55 1 0.7 0.52 0.5 1.23 0.75 0.78 0.51 1.09 1.2 1.4 1.05 0.9 0.85 0.7 0.42 0.42 24.89
1. The critical operations in a Rugby T shirt are in the Placket and Collar. 2. A ‗Critical Operation‘ also known as the bottle neck operation is responsible for the increased throughput time of a piece. 3. To get proper output at end of line these critical operations must be taken care of. 4. There are 5 operations in a collar this is the reason why collar was being prepared in a different line.
The maximum output of the line is 450 pieces per day. Style . Label attached to Back). It also has 5 operations in it.17 0. 8. The other critical operation is the Placket. 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 11 12 13 14 15 Name of the Operation Complete Fly Attach Join Back Rise Turn & Stitch Back Rise Join Inseam Turn & Stitch Inseam Side Attach Side Finish Bottom Hem Mark on Waistband & Elastic put in bundle Waistband Over lock Tack elastic to waistband Turn & Stitch on Waistband Bar tack Attach Label to Waistband Unfold & Elastic cutting SMV 2.4 0.42 0. 11. Side Seam attach and Placket Serge are done by skilled operators who have years of experience in the same operation. 12. The other assembly operations such as Sleeve Attach. Hollister. The operators are on a piece rate payment basis. 9. Though the operations in the placket are included in the main line these operations are done by one highly skilled operator so as to supply proper feeding.24 0. 6.3 0.#1L6184 Menswear Printed Boxer Short.34 0.5. 7. 10. The WIP between operations is around 25 pieces.65 0. Moreover during the setup time for the style a few operators produce enough feeding (Front with placket attached & Moon.61 0. As the result of Time Study : S No. Collar Attach to Body. The number of machines in a line is 30.5 0.14 .36 0.61 0.45 0. Collar Finish.31 0.14 0.
fabric/thread Original drawing Scanner Enlargement of original drawing Dg/ml floppy disc Embroidery Finishing Quality check Setting of fabric . Embroidery Matrix Clothing has an in house embroidery department.52 Learning : 1. if the target is not achieved the remaining pieces are added up to the target of the next hour. Embroidery work flow Get the Design (design data) Ready and check the Embroidery machine. The in line WIP is maintained at 200-250. 4. 5. The number of machines in a line is 24. The maximum output of the line is 1500 pieces in 10 hours. The WIP between operations is 25 pieces.53 8. This is because the piece rate operators can prepare enough front panels for feeding in the line quickly.15 0.16 17 18 * Elastic Ring Making Elastic Marking Label To Elastic Garment SAM 0. but the fly operation is done by piece rate operators. 8. Punching in the software and ultimately in the machine. The critical operation in a Boxer short is the fly operation. 3. 6. 7. The operators on the 3rd floor are on salaried basis. 2.2 0. The hourly target for the line is set.
The embroidery process includes the following steps: 1. computerized embroidery machine to automatically create a design from a pre made pattern that is input into the machine. It is either in the form of a brand name or label or it could be some form of motif or design. The buyer to the merchandiser supplies this design. Industrial embroidery machines are with automatic technology that can process and output complex designs that have been stored in a computer. This is usually done for making new samples for the design department. The merchandiser supplies the design to the embroidery department. The patterns to be embroidered are scanned on to the computer and using the software es65— Wilcom are converted into embroidery designs that will be put into the floppy which would be then eventually put into the machine that will recognize the commands and do the embroidery. Punching the design into the software 4. Scanning the design 3. Loading the pieces (includes the loading of foam) 7. One is by the sewing machine to manually create a design on a piece of fabric or other similar item. Unloading of the pieces (includes the simultaneous removal of frames) 9. Machine embroidery over here can be described through two factors. Embroidery 8. The other factor for the embroidery machine is to use specially designed. Putting the foam Setting of upper and under thread Embroidery is the decorative stitching on the fabric. Sorting the pieces on the basis of size 2. Computerized embroidery machines are commonly used in product development operations and mass production of repeat patterns. Framing of the pieces 6. Finishing There are typically 3 types of stitches — . Marking of the pieces 5.
2. Tatami stitch. This foam is usually to avoid the contraction and expansion of garment pieces or panels.zag stitch. used for production 2.300 mm embossed design.This stitch is also known as the fill stitch. Zsk (German make) 9 colors 20 heads Head to head distance -.This stitch is long stitch that fills from one end to the other 3. The type of foam to be used depends upon the requirement of the buyer.the motif will be run as a stitch. Zsk (German make) 11 colors 6 Head Used for sampling Foam or fusing is used while embroidering the pieces. There are a total of three computerized machines in the embroidery department. These are of three types Simple run stitch.This stitch is the initial stitch that outlines the main design to be embroidered. used for production 3. E stitch-in this type of the stitch there is space between the stitches. Tajima (Japanese make) 6 colors 20 heads head to head distance-200mm flat design. This is done when patches are used. They are: 1. Satin stitch. It is of two types : Zig. The Placement of the motif is first made through stitches and then the patch of the motif is put.1. it fills up the base.this stitch is runs on the same outline three times to make it thick Motif run stitch.it‘s a single line. Run stitch.this runs in a zig zag fashion. The various foams used are: . Triple run stitch.
This fusing is used in case of women's garments. It is used while embroidering and is removed during the wash the cost is relatively high. The look of the design is firm and good and is available in the market at the cost of Rs. 2.1. 90 RDM foam: it is a cut able foam this is usually used in case of embossing effect.) . 3. 5/meter. 3/meter. The various thread companies are: 1. Vardhman. It is used in case of low costing and comes at a range of 20-30 GSM.Rs. It comes as 45 gsm and the cost is around Rs. The threads which are used in the embroidery machine are usually cotton blend threads With polyester. 10/400m 5. 24/meter. Madeira. The type of thread and the count to be used should be appropriate so as to avoid any thread breakages. clogging of stitches or poor finishing of embroidery. around Rs. The cost is Rs. Telephone.l6/800m 4. Oswal-Rs. cotton threads or viscose threads.52/1000m The type of needle to be used depends largely on the type of machine and application. Random fusing: this is usually used in case where the backing of embroidery has to be removed. In embroidery the standard needle is db x k5 # 11. Tear able one side foam (tpoi): this type of foam is used in pairs. Coats sylko-Rs. Water soluble fusing. Flow Process Time Taken (approx. 14/800m 3. 5.Rs. It is not tore off but cut from the design.65/1000m 2. 4/meter 4. Tear able both side foam: this type of foam is used in the design which involve some text form on them.Rs.
02+0. After the garment has been produced to all the required specifications.31+1. Work force: 15 Type of washes: 1) Enzyme Wash 2) Garment Wash 3) Softener Wash (silicon wash) . 1X1 inch embroidery designs in 10 minutes.92 ) minute Framing (1. Uptime.21 minute Marking on Panel/Garment 0.25) minute Machine Time (Placing. WASHING Washing is an important factor in the overall production of the garment. Removal) Finishing (Thread Cutting.23 minute (1. it is essential to send it for washing to remove any unnecessary stains and also to impart certain types of finishes that are desired by the buyer for his product washing adds to the aesthetic sense of the garment.46+2.Ply/Garment Received 0. Checking) Despatch to Location ** On an average 20 head embroidery machine produces 20.
The fabrics are cut according to their desired length of the marker and then sent for the washing. Cut panel has to be dipped in normal water for 3-4 hours under normal room temperature. Some other factors also contribute to their selection. 2. Once the panels dry then the panels should be taken out from the tumble gently to avoid the stretch during handling. They are those fabrics which have abrupt shrinkage. The spots and stains axe removed by using . It is required so that the fabrics can shrunk before cutting so that no further shrinking can take place. The Process is called CPL : Cut Panel Length Prerequisites for CPL : 1. The thinner the fabric lesser the temperature is. Panels should be properly dried in tumbles at a temperature of 70 ⁰ C. like . 5. Garments are washed after they have been properly stitched. 3. color of fabric. total costing of the fabric. After dipping process the panel should be hydrated to extract the water from it. Enzyme wash: The Process flow of this type of wash is as follows: Desizing Rinse Enzyme Rinse Finishing agent For enzyme wash the temp of around 50-60 degree Celsius is maintained.4) Machine Wash (normal detergent) 5) Bleach wash These washes given were depending upon mainly on the buyer's specification. This is done for pre shrinking. Cut the panels based on the layer length and add the shrinkage based on the lab report for CPL wash.Fabric strength. Garment wash: In this the garments are washed normally. Not only garments are washed but also cut fabrics. Thus the shrinkage is adjusted. type of effect needed. These fabrics are termed as cut panel laundry. 4.
Vinyl is used for removing hard stains like oil spots etc. The solution of soap. The detergent must be of a non – ionic base. The detergents used are generally specified by the buyer. generally Ariel. detergent is used up in washing 100 garments. Surf excel and Tide are used as detergents.10 litre water along with 1. Acetone and Vinyl are prepared and applied manually by small tooth brushes. If the fabric is soft in feel then it requires less softener and for fabrics with harsh feel the application of softener is comparatively much more.196 ultra resin is thinner and is used for light fabrics. 5 to 10 pieces are first tested. can is issued to the washing unit each day. The garments are treated with some finishing agents like silicone etc to give a soft and smooth feel to the garments. There is no temperature control for silicone wash. 400g. They are 196 Ultra Resin and 180 Wakar. The water is generally luke warm water. the fabrics are dipped into the pool for 45 min. There are two types of chemical used for silicone wash. Softener wash: This is done to give finishing to the garments and fabric. Machine wash: The garments are washed with detergents in washing machines. The time taken for washing : White Fabric : 10 minutes Printed / Coloured Fabric : 5 minutes Enzyme Wash : 20 minutes . If the fabrics turn out to be less soft than they treat it again with softener. Basically water is used for removing sand and soil stains. Acetone is used for removing ink stains.5 kg silicone is used for 300 polo t-shirts. Different type of softeners are: Anionic softener Cationic softener Silicone softener In silicone washing a pool of water is made in which silicone is added. A 50 Kg. It is comparatively cheaper than number 180 which is thick as well as used for darker fabrics.Acetone and Vinyl.
2 Fabcare machines-100 kg. The machines that are used are: 1.120 kg. The 3 hydro machines are: 2 Stefab machines . After the washes the fabrics or garments are put in the hydro for about 10 minutes. If the fabric is light lesser quantity of bleach is used or vice-versa. The Time Taken for Tumble Drying : Woven : 25 minutes Knits : 1-1. This machine is used to dry the fabrics that come out from the hydro. Thus a single garment piece is weighed and accordingly the no of pieces are put in to hydro machine.25 kg capacity Tumble machine is also used in washing process.50 kg capacity.Bleach wash: For white garments bleach is used to remove various types of stains. 1 Stefab machine . The bleaching amount also depends upon the type of fabric used.5 hours. This is done to remove the soap from the garment pieces by the rapid action of water. This removes water from the fabric. Capacity 4 cemented baths are also used for carrying out washing operations (CPL). The various tumble machines are 1 Fabcare machine-100 kg capacity 2 Stefab machine -25 kg capacity 1 Stefab machine-50 kg capacity 1 Stefab machine . There are 3 hydro extractor machines (50 kg. Temperature : . As the counting of total no. Stefab machine-25 kg capacity 2.50 kg.25 kg capacity each). of pieces can be tiresome job for the washing operators.
Woven : 35-40 degree C Knits : 70-85 degree C A store wise break up is sent to the washing department which gives the color wise as well as Size wise breakup so that the washing department knows how many pieces are sent in the particular color. The shipment is given so that the department knows how to prioritize what style has to be washed first. It also contains details about the style number. buyer and the shipment date. Thus the washing department is very essential in the overall production process of the garment no matter how much the garment is up to the desired specification but the most important factor is the overall look of the garment. .
Finishing Timberland Rugby : Washing Thread Cutting/Ticket Removal Dusting Initial checking Buttoning Pressing Final Checking Tagging Measurement Re-Final Checking Folding Poly-bag/ Sealing Carton .
6 minutes .Time Taken for Finishing 1 Rugby T-Shirt S. No. Activity Recorded Time 1 Thread Cutting/Ticket Removal 3 minute 30 seconds 2 Dusting 20 seconds 3 Initial checking 19 seconds 4 Buttoning 4 seconds 5 Pressing 1 minute 10 seconds 6 Final Checking 1 minute 45 seconds 7 Tagging 6 seconds 8 Measurement 45 seconds 9 Re-Final Checking 1 minute 10 seconds 10 Folding 12 seconds 11 Poly-bag/ Sealing 16 seconds * Total Time 9.
Hollister Boxer Short : Washing Thread Cutting/Ticket Removal Initial Checking Pressing Final Checking Tag Attaching Folding Packing Carton .
No.7 minutes .Time Take for Finishing 1 Boxer Short S. Activity Recorded Time 1 Thread Cutting/Ticket Removal 1 minute 30 seconds 3 Initial checking 40 seconds 5 Pressing 25 seconds 6 Final Checking 1 minute 15 seconds 7 Tagging 7 seconds 10 Folding 29 seconds 11 Packing 16 seconds * Total Time 4.
Testing is a very important aspect of quality management. These tests are carried out to determine if the fabric which they have outsourced is of the appropriate quality.TESTING Testing is a critical factor in determining if the fabric and the garment will be performing up to the desired performance in different situations. Though the agencies where testing has to be carried out is suggested by the buyer himself but there are certain tests which are in house. the garments which they have been manufacturing are undergoing certain changes which are all because of the default in the specifications by the buyers. the certain tests carried out are: . It is up to the buyer to give certain specifications for various properties of the product under consideration and also the fabric performance specifications for various properties.
This test is carried out both in dry and wet conditions with the help of a crock meter. It occurs at three levels: fabric. ironing and finishing. Color fastness to washing. dry cleaning. yarn and fibre. 2. The colorfastness to washing is tested in launder meter under appropriate conditions of temperature. Different types of reagents are used to carry out this type of tests. Ph value. Dimensional stability . The different lights are: • daylight •A+ • tube light • cool white • horizon • ultraviolet . 4. Also a color matching box is present to check its appearance under different kinds of lights.color fastness is the property of a dye or print that enables it to retain its depth and shade throughout the wear life of a product. dry cleaning. bleaching and abrasive action. steaming or pressing.this test is carried out to determine the dye or soap content in a garment piece.garment shrinkage is mainly due to laundering.crocking is the test so designed to determine the degree of color that may transfer from the surface of colored textiles to other surfaces by rubbing. The washing.1.shrinkage tests. Multi fiber is used which has the fallowing composition: Nylon Polyester Acrylic wool Cotton This fabric is used alongside the fabric to be tested to see the crocking result on different fabrics. the test is usually carried out before or after such a treatment. 3. The total observed shrinkage is the resultant shrinkage at these three levels. Crocking. may affect the degree of color transfer from a fabric.
8. 7. Some of the Test Standards used World wide : Fabric and Garment Tests Color Fastness Tests No. 1A-5A IS 687.is a fabric condition resulting when filling yarns or knitted courses are angularly displaced from a line perpendicular to the edge or side of the fabric it is also known as bias. . 6. 765 IS 3417 2. Performance test o/ garments up to the required level desired there are various tests carried out for rating the performance of the properties which are essentially required in The garment some of these tests are carried out to see the overall strength of the Garment. 4. buttons and wash care labels are also tested so that they perform up to the desired level of performance.this test is carried out to see the strength of the point where the button is attached. 1.C06 /C08 BS EN ISO 105-C06 /C08 AATCC 61 No.764.It is also tested against the grey scale as well the chromatic transference scale to check the performance level. IS 971 ISO 105-X12. 9. Button snap test.764. This is carried out with the help of Baisley balance. Perspiration Dry & Wet Crocking/Rubbing ISO 105-E04. Skewing . Testing for trims: trims like zippers. Laundry ISO 105. Count.this test is carried out to determine the count of the yarn.3361. 765 IS 13025 3. Test Parameters Washing Testing Standards ISO 105 C10 BS EN ISO 105-C10 IS 687.3361. 5.
Sea Water ISO 105 E02 AATCC 106 IS 690 8. Hot pressing ISO 105-X11 AATCC 133 . water ISO 105-E01 BS EN ISO E01 AATCC 107 IS 767 7. Light a) Xenon Arc (Water Cooled) ISO 105 B 02 BE EN ISO 105 B02 i) BWS 4 or below ii) BWS 5 iii) BWS 6 or above b) AATCC 16 i) 20 Fading Units or below ii) Each Additional 10 fading Units b) MBTL Method i) Fading up to Grade 4 ii) Fading Up to Grade 5 6. IS 766 5. Chlorinated Water ISO 105 E03 BS EN ISO 105 E03 AATCC 162 9.AATCC 8 & AATCC 165. Dry Cleaning ISO 105-D01 AATCC 132 IS 4802 10.
16. Water Spotting ISO 105 E07 AATCC 104 IS 976 12. Acid Spotting ISO 105 E 05 AATCC 6 IS 968 13.IS 689 11. Bleaching a) Hypochlorite ISO 105 N01 BS EN ISO 105 NO1 AATCC 188 IS 762 b) Peroxide ISO 105 N02 BS EN 105 N02 AATCC 101 c) Oxidative Bleach ISO 105 C09 BS EN ISO 105 C09 AATCC 190 15. 18. Alkali Spotting ISO 105 E 06 AATCC 6 IS 977 14. 17. 19. Non Chlorine Bleach Solvent SpottingPerchloroethylene Scrubbing Sublimation Mercerization AATCC 172 Each Additional Wash AATCC 157 IS 11908 IS 975 105-X04 IS 979 .
Each Additional Cycle 20. Color fastness to artificial weathering ISO 105-B04 AATCC 111.169 IS 6152 . perspiration and Light a) ISO 105-B07 i) BW 4 ii) BW 5 AATCC 125 i) 20 Fading Unites or Below ii ) Each Additional 10 Fading Units 21.
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