Frenzie Mae V.

Rivera BSMT 4AN

13 February 2013 PHYSICS

1. What is Power?  Power is the rate at which work is done.  Power is a measure of the rate of doing work or transferring energy, usually expressed in terms of wattage or horsepower.  Power is the rate at which electrical energy is converted into another form as mechanical energy, heat or light.  Power is equal to the product of current and voltage, or it is the amount of current times the voltage level at a given point measured in wattage or watts. 2. What are the factors affecting power? Explain each. Power is equal to the product of current and voltage. It also involves resistance as Ohm’s law is also involved in the derivation of formulas for electric power. Work and time are also important factors of power.  Current – rate at which electric charges pass and flow through a conductor  Voltage – work done per unit charge as a charge is moved between two points in an electric field  Resistance – opposition to the flow of current in an electric circuit  Work – the transfer of energy, measured as the product of the force applied to a body and the distance moved by that body in the direction of the force  Time – 3. Write all formulas involving power.

Where, P = Power (watts) I = Current (ampere) V = Potential Difference (volts) R = Resistance (ohms) W = Work

T = time (seconds)

4. Write 10 problems with solutions regarding power.

A current of 5.83 A is used to produce the microwave radiation in a microwave oven. If the voltage across the oven is 120 V, how much power does the oven use? Given: current = 5.83 A Voltage = 120 V Power = ? P = IV = (5.83 A) (120V) = 699.6 W A vacuum cleaner’s motor has a voltage of 120 V across its terminals and a current of 12 A. How much power does the vacuum cleaner use? Given: current = 12 A Voltage = 120 V Power = ?

P = IV = (12 A) (120V) = 1440 W A refrigerator uses a current of 0.62 A and a voltage of 116 V. How much power does the refrigerator use? Given: current = 0.62 A Voltage = 116 V Power = ? P = IV = (0.62 A) (116V) = 71.92 W An electric sports car was developed several years ago at Texas A & M University, in College Station, Texas. If the voltage required to operate the car was 720 V and the resistance was 0.30 Ω, how much power was needed for the car to run? (Hint: Express current in terms of voltage and resistance, and substitute this into the power equation.) Given: resistance = 0.30 Ω Voltage = 720 V Power = ? P = V2/R = (7202)/(0.30) = 1,728,000 W Electric power is often produced by a gas-powered generator. Suppose one of these generators has a power output of about 7.50 × 104 W. If the generator produces a voltage of 114 V, how much current is in the generator? Given: Current = ? Voltage = 114 V Power = 7.50 × 104 W I = P/V = (7.50 × 104 W)/(114 V) =657.89 A

Fuel cells are chemical cells that combine hydrogen and oxygen gas to produce electrical energy. In recent years, a fuel cell has been developed that can generate 1.06 × 104 W of power. If this electricity has a current of 16.3 A, what is the voltage of the electricity? Given: Current = 16.3 A

Voltage = ? Power = 1.06 × 104 W V = P/I = (1.06 × 104 W)/(16.3 A) =650.31 V

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