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PTHV-IT, INABB

A/D conversion
Computer
Rb
METER
O/P
CVT CT
Instrument
Transformers
Product Training
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CT – Routine Tests
Tests as per IEC: 60044-1 and IS: 2705
Verification of Terminal Markings and Polarity
Power Frequency Withstand Test on Primary and
Secondary
Partial Discharge Measurement
Inter-turn Over Voltage Test
Determination of Errors
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Tests as per IEC: 60044-1 and IS: 2705
Short Time Current Test
Temperature Rise Test
Lightning Impulse Test
Switching Impulse Test
Radio Interference Voltage Test
Determination of Errors
Facilities for conducting all Type Tests on CTs except Short
Time current Test (ERDA / CPRI) and Seismic test (IIT
Chennai / University of Roorkee) are available at our works.
CT – Type Tests
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Tests as per IEC: 60044-1/ IS: 2705
Chopped Lightning Impulse Test
Measurement of Capacitance and Dielectric Dissipation
Factor
Multiple Chopped Impulse Test on Primary
Special tests as prescribed in CIGRE have also been
conducted
CT – Special Tests
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Figure: 1 Simple vector diagram for loss factor test























Test Setup:













V = Applied voltage
IT = Total current
IR = Resistive current
IC = Capacitive current
Dissipation factor = tangent δ δδ δ= IR/IC
Power factor = cosine θ θθ θ= IR/IT
H. V. Line
C4
R3
Test Object
R4
b
a
d
c
RX
CX
C1
D
D=Zero balance indicator
C1=Standard Capacitance
C4=Variable Capacitance
R3= Variable Resistance

Figure:2- Simple Schering bridge
Figure: 3- Test Set up for Capacitance & tandelta test

650V/750kV,
1A
0-250V
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In case of cores it may be
the artificial primary
Figure: 1- Ratio and Phase angle measurement setup
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1.6.1 Test Setup



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0
MEASURING CT TESTING ACCURACY LIMIT
Ratio Error % Phase Angle Error % Class
5 20 100 120 5 20 100 120
0.1 0.40 0.20 0.10 0.10 15 8 5 5
0.2 0.75 0.35 0.20 0.20 30 15 10 10
0.5 1.50 0.75 0.50 0.50 90 45 30 30
1.0 3.00 1.50 1.00 1.00 180 90 60 60

Ratio Error % Phase Angle Error % Class
1 5 20 100 120 1 5 20 100 120
0.2S 0.75 0.35 0.20 0.20 0.20 30 15 10 10 10
0.5S 1.50 0.75 0.50 0.50 0.50 90 45 30 30 30

PROTECTION CT TESTING ACCURACY LIMIT
Ratio Error
%
Phase Angle
Error %
Composite Error % Class

100

100
At rated accuracy limit
primary current 100
5P 1 60 5
10P 3 -- 10
15P 5 -- 15

PROTECTION CT TESTING ACCURACY LIMIT





MEASURING & PROTECTION CVT TESTING ACCURACY
LIMIT

At 25 % & 100 % Burden Class
Ratio Error Phase Angle
0.1 0.1 5
0.2 0.2 10
0.5 0.5 20
1.0 1.0 40
3.0 3.0 Not Specified
3P 3.0 120
6P 6.0 240

Class Turns Ratio
Error %
(T.R.E.)
PS 0.25
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1
TEST CERTIFICATE FOR CURRENT TRANSFORMER
Test Report No. CT/2008374 Date : 30/06/2008
CLIENT
CLIENT'S ORDER NO/LOA NO : 3191054331 DTD. 12-01-2008
WORK ORDER NO. 4200018667/30
DATE OF TESTING 30/06/2008
SPECIFICATION OF CURRENT TRANSFORMER
Sr. Nos. : 1108163
QTY. 01 No.
TYPE IMB 145
HIGHEST SYSTEM VOLTAGE 145 kV
RATED INSULATION LEVEL 145/275/650 kV
RATED SHORT TIME THERMAL CURRENT: 40 kA, 3 Sec.
RATED PRIMARY NORMAL CURRENT: 1200 A
RATED CONTINUOUS THERMAL CURRENT: RATED PRI X 1.2
FREQUENCY 50 HZ
CORE :1 CORE : 2 & 3 CORE : 4
RATIO (AMP) 1200/1 1200/1 1200/1
BURDEN (VA) 50 -- 20
CLASS 0.2 PS 5P
ISF < 10 -- --
ALF -- -- 20
Vk (VOLTS) -- > 500 --
Io (mA) -- < 100 AT VK --
RCT(OHMS) -- < 5 --
1.1 VERIFICATION OF TERMINAL MARKING & POLARITY TEST O.K. AS PER REF. STANDARDS
275 kV FOR 1 MINUTE : O.K.
5 kV FOR 1 MINUTE : O.K.
For ABB Ltd.
VIMAL PANDYA/S.R.SHAH
PTHV- IT-TESTING
STANDARD FOLLOWED : IS 2705/IEC 60044-1
THIS IS TO CERTIFY THAT THE ABOVE CURRENT TRANSFORMERS HAVE PASSED THE ROUTINE TESTS AS
PER IEC: 60044-1 & IS : 2705
1.3 PARTIAL DISCHARGE MEASUREMENT
1.4 POWER-FREQUENCY VOLTAGE WITHSTAND TEST ON
SECONDARY WINDINGS ( All windings were tested individually )
1.5 INTER-TURN OVER VOLTAGE TEST O.K. AS PER REF. STANDARDS
1.2 POWER-FREQUENCY VOLTAGE WITHSTAND TEST ON
PRIMARY WINDING
5 pC AT 1.2 UM/√3 & 10 pC AT UM
1.7 SEALING TEST (VISUAL) NO LEAKAGE OBSERVED
1.6 TURNS RATIO ERROR ( As per formula given in standard ) O.K. AS PER REF. STANDARDS
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2
Test Report No. CT/2008374 Limits
CT Sr.No. 1108163
2.0 Current error and phase angle error & TRE measurement PS cores
Ratio = 1200/1
Core Ratio Ph.Angle Ratio Ph.Angle TRE Rct (Ohm) Rct at 75°C
No. Error ( % ) Error(min.) Error ( % ) Error(min.) (%) at 32°C (Ohm) Ratio
AT 0 VA AT 10 VA (UPF) 32
2 0.00 0.20 -0.02 1.10 -0.015 6.30 7.317 1200/1 12
3 0.00 0.20 -0.02 0.80 -0.015 6.40 7.433 1200/1 12
2.0 Current error and phase angle error measurement for Protection core.
Core Primary Ratio Ph.Angle Ratio Ph.Angle Rct (Ohm) Rct at 75°C
No. current Error ( % ) Error(min.) Error ( % ) Error(min.) at 32°C (Ohm) Ratio
AT 50 VA 0.8 lag AT 12.5 VA 0.8 lag
1 60 -0.20 2.30 -0.06 1.00 4.40 5.807 800/1
1 240 -0.12 -0.10 -0.04 0.00
1 1200 -0.05 -1.40 -0.02 -0.50
1 1440 -0.06 -1.00 -0.02 -0.50
AT 50 VA 0.8 lag -- --
4 1200 -0.05 0.50 -- -- 9.00 10.452 1200/1
3.0 Knee point voltage ,Exciting current,composite error Test
Core Sec.Wdg. Rct at 75°C Voltage Exc.current Remarks limit exc.
No. Terminals (ohm) ( Volts) mA Curr.(mA)
2 2S1-2S2 500 8.0 Vk> 500 <100 100
577 9.0
635 10.0
3 3S1-3S2 500 8.0 Vk> 500 <100 100
577 9.0
635 10.0
ISF Burden Sec.current Spec.ISF
1 1S1-1S2 5.807 113.0 > 1.0 2.025 50 1 < 10
Amp. C.E.% Burden Sec.current Spec.A.L.F.
4 4S1-4S2 1182 0.0110 0.055 50 1 20
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3
No puncture
of insulation.
A high voltage of 3kV or whatever is specified by
the customer will be applied between secondary
windings and earth keeping the remaining
secondary windings shorted & earthed. (All cores
will be tested separately) The primary is to be kept
shorted during the test.
IEC:60044-1
Cl. 18,
IS:2705 (Part-
I) Cl. 9.4
4. One minute
power frequency
test on
secondary
winding
The partial
discharge
measured
within a 30
sec period
should not
exceed 10
pC and 5 pC
at Um and
1.2Um/√3
respectively.
Prestressing is carried out as per procedure A or B.
Procedure A: Partial discharge measuring voltage as
per Annex. I is reached while decreasing the
voltage after PF withstand test.
Procedure B: Voltage is raised to 80% of PF
withstand voltage as Prestress voltage, maintained
for 60s, then reduced to specified PD measuring
voltage as per Annex. I
IEC:60044-1,
IS:11322
66/145/245/
400 kV CTs
3.Partial
Discharge test
No flash over
or puncture
Of insulation
The applicable power frequency voltage will be
applied between the high voltage terminal & earth &
will be maintained for 1 min.Note : The voltage will
be measured with the help of a capacitor divider. As
internal test is carried out at 100% of the test
voltage, repeated second test in presence of
customer will be conducted at 80%.
IEC:60044-1
Cl. 8.2,
IS:2705 (Part-
I) Cl. 9.3
2. Power
frequency
voltage
withstand test
on primary
winding
No flash over
or puncture
of insulation.
As per approved drawing IEC:60044-1
Cl.8.1,IS:2705
(Part-I) Cl.
9.2Approved
Drawing
1.Terminal
marking &
polarity check
Acceptance
Norms
Procedure Reference Title of the
Test
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4
Iexc ≥ ISF *Isec/10
The ISF value
Mentioned shall be the
maximum guaranteed
value i.e. for a
guaranteed value of ≤ 5,
the value taken for the
above calculation shall
be 5.
With the primary wdg. open circuited the
sec. wdg. is excited by a voltage having an
rms value equal to the sec. limiting voltage
& the exciting current, Iexc is measured.
In case the ISF is guaranteed for a higher
ratio with the help of an Aux. CT, then the
measurement shall be carried out along
with the Aux. CT.
IEC:60044-
1 Cl. 16,
IS:2705
(Part-II) Cl.
7.1.2
7.Measurement
of instrument
security factor
for metering
core
The ratio & phase angle
error shall be within the
limits specified in the
applicable reference
standard.
Errors will be measured at 20% & 120% of
the current with 25% & 100% of the
burden having power factor of 0.8 lag for
0.5 Cl. & above metering. For 0.1 and 0.2
class, checking additionally at 5% and 100
% current will also be carried out on a
routine basis, while for accuracy class of
0.5 and above, this will be done as a type
test on one unit against order lot offered.
IEC:60044-1
Cl.
30,IS:2705
(Part-II), Cl.
7.2.1
6.Ratio & phase
angle error test
for metering
core
No interturn failure. With the CT primary winding open circuited
a voltage to sec. winding is applied such
that rated sec. current flows through
secondary & the same is kept for 1
minute or 4.5 kV peak, whichever is lower.
IEC:60044-1
Cl. 19,
IS:2705
(Part-I), Cl.
9.5
5.Interturn over
voltage test (all
cores will be
tested
separately)
Acceptance Norms Procedure Reference Title of the
Test
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5
The secondary winding
resistance corrected to
75 °C shall be less than
the guaranteed value.
DC resistance of the winding shall be
measured with help of suitable instrument.
The reading will be recorded after it has
reached a steady state.
Pl. Refer "Sp. Notes¨ on sheet no. 5
Guaranteed
Value
9.Secondary
winding
resistance for
protection core
The measured errors
shall be within the limits
specified in the relevant
standard.
The error will be measured at 100% of the
current with 100% of the burden.
The CT sec. will be excited keeping
primary open circuited by voltage equal to
the secondary limiting voltage. The
resulting exciting current will be
expressed as a percentage of the rated
secondary current divided by the accuracy
limit factor.
% Com. error = Ie measured x 100
Is x ALF
Ie - Exciting current
Is - Rated secondary current
ALF - accuracy limit factor
IEC:60044-1
Cl. 40 ,
IS:2705
(Part-III) Cl.
7.2.1
IEC:60044-1
Cl.
40,IS:2705
(Part-III) Cl.
7.2.2.1
8.Protection
core
Cl.5P20/10
P10, etc
Current error &
phase
displacement
measurement
Composite error
measurement
Acceptance Norms Procedure Reference Title of the
Test
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6
The values of knee point
voltage and exciting
current shall be as
guaranteed.
With the pri. open, the CT sec. will be excited at
a voltage meant for measuring the exciting
current and the exciting current shall be less
than the specified limit.
Then the sec. will be excited at rated Vk and
current is to be measured. This voltage will be
increased by 10% and again the current is to be
measured. Increment in current should not be
50% of the earlier value.
IS:2705 (Part
IV) Cl. 6.1
11.0Measurement
of Knee point
Voltage and
exciting current
The Turns ratio error shall
be within ± 0.25 % or within
limits specified in IS : 2705.
The error will be measured at 0VA and at 10 VA
burden, having a power factor of 0.8 or unity.
Turns ratio error will be calculated by the
following formula :
TRE=y[(A+R)/(B-A)]-x[1+(A+R)/(B-A)]
y = current error at 10 VA
A =0
R = Resistance of secondary winding
B = 10
x = current error at 0 burden
IS:2705 (Part-
IV) Cl. 6.3
10.Turns Ratio
tests for
Protection
Core Cl. PS
Acceptance Norms Procedure Reference Title of the Test
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7
As per Annex. I (for
Capacitance value)
The tan delta value
shall be 0.4% max.
Sp.Note: In case of
PowerGrid, the variation
(increase) in values of
C & TanDelta at
`Different voltages´
indicated in 4 of
procedure column as
well as at measurement
` After HV or HV-PD test
as compared with that
measured `Before HV or
HV-PD test´ should be
as follows,
C: By 1%,
TanDelta :By 0.1 in
%ge value of Tan Delta
or 0.001 in abs. value
of Tan Delta
This test can be conducted by Schering
Bridge or other equivalent
method.This test shall be conducted
after 1 minute Power Frequency high
voltage test.The test to be
conducted at voltage,
at 10 kV &
at 1.1 x Um / \3.
4. Sp.Note: in case of PowerGrid the test
shall be conducted before as well as
after HV or HV-PD test at following
voltages, 10 kV & 0.3,0.7,1.0 , 1.1
times Um / \3.
IEC 60044-1
Cl. 10.2.4,
IS:2705 Cl.
9.12
12.0
Measureme
nt of
capacitance
& tan δ).
Note:
This is a special
Routine test
& shall be
conducted
on 100%
CTs of a
manufactur
ed lot.
Acceptance Norms Procedure Reference Title of the
Test
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8
No oil leakage shall
be observed.
The CT after oil filling & metal
bellow fitting to a calibrated
height shall be kept for
observation for 24 hours. for
any leakage from any gasket
joints from bottom to top.
Note:
In case of CTs type IMB, evacuation
of the completely assembled CT
is carried out to a pressure of <
0.07 mbar. If this vacuum
level is reached, then it is
inferred as no leakage over the
entire assly.. Subsequently oil
is filled in and pressed at 1.4
bar for 66kV to 220kV voltage
rating and 1.7 bar for 400 kV
voltage rating. All leakage
points thus get checked
additionally during this
operation
ABB norms 13.0 Sealing
Test (Oil
leakage
test
)Note:Thi
s is an in-
process
check.
Acceptance
Norms
Procedure Reference Title of the
Test
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9
Rate
d
Volta
ge
(kV
rms)
Highest
System
Voltage
(kV rms)
One min. PF
withstand
Test Voltage
(kV rms)
PD Prestress
Voltage for
one min.
(IEC:60044-
1)
(kV rms)
PD
Measuring
Voltage for
30 sec ( for
two voltage
levels)
(kV rms)
PD Levels
in pC
CT Primary
Contact
Resistance
Capacitance Value in pF
66 72.5 140 112
50
72.5
< 5
< 10
950 ± 15 %, (N-100),Alu
1500 ± 15% N, Cu,Dia
68/42
110 123 230 184
85
123
< 5
< 10
132 145 275 220
100.5
145
< 5
< 10
850 ± 15% N, Alu Sp.
1025 ± 15% N,Alu
1100 ± 15%N+200,Cu
1165 ± 15%N+200,Alu
1510 ± 15% N,Alu,Dia68/42
1465 ± 15% N,Cu,Dia 68/42
220 245 460 368
170

245
< 5

< 10
1110 ± 15% N ,Cu
1135 ± 15% N ,Alu
1225 ± 15% N+200 ,Cu
1250 ± 15% N+200 Alu
Pl refer Table
1 or
Annexure - 1
of
instruction
1HYT600070
1175 ± 15 % for IMB 420
1250 ± 15 % for IMB 420
Oval Conductor CT


400


420


630


504
291
420
291
420
< 5
< 10
< 5
< 10
125
maximum
700 ± 10% for TMBR l 420
CT

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0
CVT – Construction – EMU
HV Choke
PT
Bottom Tank
F
R

C
i
r
c
u
i
t
Resistor
Capacitor
FR Choke
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1
Step Down PT
HV Choke
C1
C2
V2
V1
Vs
FR Ckt
Resistor
Spark Gap
Sealed Unit
Protects the EMU
from overvoltages
CVT - Schematic
I
m
p
FR Ckt
Characteristic
Freq
50
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2
WITNESS TEST REPORT FOR CVT
INSPECTION CALL NO:-

CLIENT : POWERGRID CORPORATION OF INDIA LTD.
WORKS ORDER NO. : 4200035285/10
CLIENT ORDER NO. : ----
SUBSTATION : MAHARANIBAUG GIS
DATE OF TESTING : 29/06/2008

SPECIFICATIONS
Type : WS420N2
Rated Primary Voltage : 400/√3 kV
Highest System Voltage : 420 kV
Nominal Capacitance : 4400 pF + 10 % & - 5 %
Rated Insulation Level : 420/630/1425 kV Frequency : 50 Hz
Serial no. : 4208075
Qty : 01 Nos.
No. of Secondaries : 3
Standards Applicable : IEC 60186, IS 3156

Rated Sec. Voltage
(volts)
Terminal marking Rated Burden (VA)

Accuracy
Class
110 / √ 3 1a-1n 50 3P
110 / √ 3 2a-2n 50 3P
110 / √ 3 3a-3n 50 0.2
100 0.2 SIMULTANEOUS
BURDENS

150 3P

1.0 All the Capacitor Voltage Transformers have passed the following Routine tests.
1.1 Induced over voltage test on P.T. at 46 kV,150 Hz for 1 min : O.K.
1.2 Induced voltage test on choke at 10 kV, 150 Hz for 1 min : O.K.
1.3 Voltage withstand test on secondary winding at 3 kV, 50 Hz for 1 min : O.K.
1.4 Verification of terminal marking & Polarity test : O.K.
1.5 Sealing test : No leakage found at various sealing joints.
1.6 HV Test on earth terminal of CVD / HF Bushing at 10 kV for 1 min. : O.K.

For ABB Ltd. Witnessed by


VIMAL PANDYA/S.R.SHAH AJAY DINKAR
PTHV- IT-TESTING PGCIL , VADODARA



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2. Capacitance and Tan delta Measurement Test :

Sr. No. Capacitance
(pF)
Tan delta
(%)
H.V. withstand
test at 220.5 kV
for 1min.
Capacitance
(pF)
Tan delta
(%)

CVT SR. NO. 4208075
BEFORE H.V AFTER H.V
Unit 1- 73.0kV
80.8 kV
88.9 Kv
13156
13156
13156
0.077
0.077
0.077
OK 13155
13155
13155
0.076
0.076
0.077
Unit 2-73.0 kV
80.8 kV
88.9 Kv
13154
13154
13154
0.078
0.078
0.078
OK 13154
13154
13154
0.077
0.077
0.077
Unit 3-73.0 kV
80.8 kV
88.9 kV
13111
13111
13111
0.079
0.079
0.079
OK 13110
13110
13110
0.078
0.078
0.078

3.0 Partial Discharge Test
Pre-stress voltage = 0.8*630*1/3*1.05= 176.4kV for 60 sec.
Measuring voltage MV-1 = Um*1/3*1.05=147 kV for 30 sec.
Measuring voltage MV-2 = 1.2*Um/√ 3*1/3*1.05=102.0 kV for 30 sec.

Sr. No. Voltage
Level
Unit-1 Unit-2 Unit-3 Limit in Pc
M.V. -1 1 pC 1 pC 1 pC ≤ 10 4208075
M.V. -2 1 pC 1 pC 1 Pc ≤ 5

4.0 Accuracy measurement as a function of voltage and burden:
CVT SR. NO. 4208075
Voltage
(%)
Winding
Under
Test
Burden VA 0.8 lag

Voltage
Error
(%)
Phase
Angle error
(min.)
Frequency
(Hz )
Wdg.1 Wdg.2 Wdg.3
100 1a – 1n 12.5 0 0 0.56 0.9 50.00
100 1a – 1n 50 0 0 0.50 0.9 50.00
100 1a – 1n 50 50 50 0.38 6.9 50.00
100 2a – 2n 0 12.5 0 0.46 6.9 50.00
100 2a – 2n 0 50 0 0.50 6.9 50.00
100 2a – 2n 50 50 50 0.36 6.9 50.00
100 3a – 3n 0 0 12.5 0.11 6.9 50.00
100 3a – 3n 0 0 50 -0.02 6.9 50.00
100 3a – 3n 12.5 12.5 50 -0.05 4.9 50.00

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~
Care for CTs and CVTs
Incase of saturation of CT core during fault, they are
required to be Demagnetized in order to let them perform
accurately after the fault is cleared. The following method
may be adopted
Gradually excite the core upto its Output Voltage and
reduce it to zero.
Repeat it 3 – 4 times. This will make the core free of
Residual flux and it is now ready to function as desired.
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5
No external
flashover
should occur.
The test will be carried out on individual capacitor
unit at a voltage corresponding to the appropriate
voltage class.
IEC:186 Cl.
54/IEC:358 Cl.
9/IS:9348 Cl.
8.3
3. Power
Frequency
Voltage
withstand test
on Capacitor
divider
-
Capacitance
will be as per
the approved
data sheet of
GTP.
- Tan Delta
< 0.005
(abs. Value)
a)The C &Tan Delta measurement should be carried
out on individual capacitor unit at rated frequency
& at 10 kV as well as at 90%, 100% & 110 % of
rated voltage.Note: For CVTs with capacitance >
4400 pF, for 220 & 400 kV voltage ratings ,the test
can be conducted on the assembled CVT on account
of Test Plant limitation for meeting high capacitance
of Test object of individual units
IEC:358
Cl. 7 & 8/
IS:9348 Cl. 8.3
2. Capacitance
& Tan Delta test
As per
approved
drawing
As per approved drawing IEC:186
Cl. 56/
IS:3156
Part-I/ Cl.9.2/
Approved Drg.
1. Verification of
Terminal
Marking &
Polarity
Acceptance
Norms
Procedure Reference Title of the
Test
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6
No puncture or flashover
55 kV will be induced on the
primary side of the electromagnetic
PT and retained for 1 minute by
applying voltage on secondary side
at 150 Hz. The protective gap in the
EMU will be prevented from
functioning during the test.
(During this test the HV choke will
remain connected to the PT.)
Note: In the presence of customer,
this test will be conducted at 46 kV
for 1 minute.
IEC:186
Cl 54.3/
IS:3156 Part IV
Cl. 9.3.1.3
6. Induced
Overvoltage test
on PT of the
Electro-magnetic
unit (EMU).
The change in capacitance value
between before & after HV test shall
not be more than that caused by
failure of 1/3rd element of the
capacitor coil. Pl refer Annexure –II
for detailed values of capacitance.
Simillarly the change in Tan Delta
value shall not be more than 0.001(in
abs. value).)
Same as mentioned in 2 above IEC:358
Cl. 7 & 8/ IS:9348
Cl. 8.3
5. Capacitance &
Tan Delta after HV
test
No puncture or flash over should occur. 4/10 kV will be applied between the
earth terminal ( Outdoor HF Bushing )
and the tank and will be maintained
for 1 minute. (4 kV in case of
enclosed CVT Terminal)
IEC:358 Cl. 10/
IS:9348 Cl. 8.5
4. Voltage
withstand test on
earth terminal of
CVD
Acceptance Norms Procedure Reference Title of the
Test
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7
The error shall be within the limits
specified in the relevant applicable
standard
The measurement will be carried
out at 25% and 100% of rated
burden having 0.8 lag power
factor. The measurement should
be carried out on a fully wired up
Secondary Terminal box .The
point of measurement should be
at series terminals ( i.e.
including fuses or MCBs in
circuit.
IEC:186
Part II Cl. 8.2/
IS:3156 Part II
Cl. 9.2
9. Measurement
of Ratio and
Phase angle
error (each
secondary will be
tested
separately)
No puncture or flash over shall
occur during the test
A voltage of 3 kV rms will be
applied between secondary
winding and earth for 1 minute.
The remaining secondary
windings will be shorted and
earthed.
IEC:186/
IS:3156 Part I
Cl. 9.4
8. Secondary
Insulation test
(All secondaries
will be tested
separately)
No puncture or flash over shall
occur during the test
This test is conducted by
applying a voltage of 10 kV
across the HV choke. 5 kV will
be induced on one coil of the HV
choke through the PT at a
frequency of 150 Hz, keeping the
core grounded thereby inducing
5 kV on the other coil also.
ABB Norms 7. Induced
Overvoltage test
on H.V. choke
Acceptance Norms Procedure Reference Title of the
Test
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8
As per GTP submitted to the
customer.
In case of 400 kV, 8800 pF, the
natural frequency equal to 500
kHz shall be acceptable as
measured with Standard Routine
Test Set up.
Connect the capacitor stack in
series with a variable frequency
source of (10 kHz-1 MHz) min.
Connect a milliVoltmeter across
the stack to measure the voltage
across it. Vary the frequency of
the source and read the voltage
in the milliVoltmeter. The
frequency at which the
milliVoltmeter reads a minimum
value is the Natural Frequency of
the capacitor stack.
ABB Norms 12. Natural
Frequency of
Capacitor Stack
There shall be no leakage from
any of the sealing joints.
After assembly of the complete
Capacitor unit, it is kept under
observation for 16 hours for
possible leakage from any of the
sealing joints.
IEC: 358
Cl. 15/
IS: 9348
Cl. 15
11. Sealing test
The measured value of partial
discharge shall be not more than:
a. 5 pC at 1.2Um/√3 test voltage.
b. 10 pC at Um test voltage
As per Procedure A or B as per
IEC: 44-2, page 59.
IEC: 44-2 Cl.
6.1.2.3 (Pg
37), Cl. 9.2.4.2
(Pg 59)
10. Partial
Discharge test
Acceptance Norms Procedure Reference Title of the
Test
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Sr No Permissible change
in values of
Capacitance (
Before And After
HV Test )
400kV (Total 3 capacitor
units)
245kV
( Total 2
capacitor
units)
145kV ( one
capacitor unit)
66kV
( one capacitor
unit)
1 Rated Capacitance
of CVT
4400pF 8800pF 6600pF 4400pF 5500pF 4400pF
2

Permissible increase
in Capacitance**
124pF 78pF* 165pF 70pF 34pF 37pF

* A failure inside the capacitor element or coil will increase the capacitance of the capacitor unit.
Value for complete CVT
** A failure inside the capacitor element or coil will increase the capacitance of the capacitor unit.
Value for individual unit of CVT.
Note: 1
In case of 220 and 400 kV CVTs, if the test is made on one capacitor stack, then the applied voltage per stack will be calculated as
Voltage to be applied on stack = 1.05 x Voltage to be applied per unit x (Rated voltage of stack/Rated voltage of unit)

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