You are on page 1of 3

# Q1. Thermal stability and moisture contents of materials can be measured via Instrument A.

Suggest the name of instrument A and briefly describe its principle and applications. (3 marks) Q2. Thermal decomposition of Calcium Oxalate Monohydrate, CaC2O4H2O occurs as can be seen in Figure 1. The theoretical mass loss can be calculated using molar masses of the individual components. Table 1 shows the decomposition reactions as well as the theoretical mass loss of CaC2O4H2O. Table 1: Thermal Decomposition Reactions of Calcium Oxalate Monohydrate Reaction CaC2O4H2O CaC2O4 + H2O CaC2O4 CaCO3 + CO CaCO3 CaO + CO2 Theoretical Mass Loss 12.33% 19.17% 30.12% Measured Mass Loss ?
? ?

(i) Calculate the measured mass losses of all reactions shown in Table 1. (ii) Is there any difference in the mass loss between theoretical calculation and actual measurement for decomposition of CaC2O4? Give reasons to your answer. (6 marks)

Figure 1. Thermal Decomposition of Calcium Oxalate Monohydrate. Q3. The specific heat of 29 g of chicken meat sample was determined with the aid of 77 g of vacuum jacketed calorimeter. The calorimeter cup and the sample were first brought to 11C and then 55 g of water at 5.1C was poured into the cup. The system was then sealed and brought to equilibrium. The equilibrium temperature was recorded to be 6.9C. The specific heats of water and calorimeter cup are 4198 J kg-1 C-1 and 383 J kg-1 C-1, respectively. The calorimeter was well insulated and the heat loss to the surrounding was negligible. (i) (ii) Based on the scenario given above, what is the suitable method to measure the specific heat of the sample? Why? Calculate the specific heat of the sample. (6 marks)