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PERSONAL PROFILE: Name: Mae Avelina d.T.

Jacoba Age: 19 years old Sex: Female Birthday: November 26, 1993 Religion: Protestant School Graduated: Western Mindanao State University Laboratory Highschool Year Graduated: 2010 Honours’ Received: Graduated as 5th Honourable Mention WMSU’S College Entrance Test Result: Wmsu’s Nursing Aptitude Test Result:


she taught us the different theories in the nursing field which can be applied in the nursing practice. During classroom discussion we had an active interaction between the class adviser and students. in many cases serve as an excellent help in the development and expansion of knowledge. Skills. nursing research. Why an art? Because it is concerned with skills that require proficiency. we should apply these following things in the nursing filed: Knowledge. Accordingly. but how could we get these things if we don’t know the basic theories in nursing. So what is the significance of a theory in nursing filed. Topics include an analysis of some of the assumptions and beliefs about nursing. nursing education as well as nursing administration and informatics. Nursing theories . patterns of knowing. We learned a lot from our class adviser. it was not just about learning the subject matter but also learning the people inside the classroom. We also had group works. Attitude and Values. knowing them more through group activities. These theories aid students to become efficient and effective professional nurses in the near future.THEORETICAL FOUNDATIONS OF NURSING What is this all about? This course enables students to build on basic knowledge of theory in nursing and to expand their understanding of philosophy as it pertains to the development of knowledge in nursing. It is science because it requires systematic application of scientific knowledge. the term nurse originated from the Latin word “nutrix” which means to nourish. The subject matter answered the question what is nursing all about. Nurses should render a Tender Loving Care to the patients/clients. As nursing students.first semester. This subject was taken during first year. We viewed nursing both an art and a science. . simply it helps us to settle on what we know and what we need to know in the future. The emphasis will be on analyzing the theoretical foundations that shape nursing as a discipline and a practice. and theory development as they pertain to the broader issue of knowledge development in nursing.

Ethico-Moral responsibility 6. we conduct . The nurse must be competent in the following key areas of responsibility: 1.Communication 11. Safe and quality nursing care. Personal and Professional development 7. Communicator we all know communication facilitates understanding between two persons. what are some examples of the different theories/concepts in nursing? Environmental theory by Florence Nightingale(known as Lady with the Lamp) . Management of resources and environment. and these are the following: Care giver which nurses must provide care and comfort to patients/clients. Cognitive Theory by Jean Piaget. Research 9. 2. Another .So. Records management 10. Teacher. Health Education 4. Quality improvement 8. Self-car Theory by Dorothea Orem.Collaboration and Team work We also talked about the different roles of nurses. Definition of Nursing by Virginia Henderson. Goal attainment Theory by Imogene King . We also learned about this Article 4 Section 5: Competency Standards which states that the graduates of Bachelor of Science in Nursing program must be able to apply analytical and critical thinking in the nursing practice. Psychoanalytic Theory by Sigmund Freud. for nurses to render a quality health care they need to have a good/therapeutic type of communication with the patients. Interpersonal Relations Theory by Hildegard Peplau and Nursing Process Theory by Ida Jean Orlando. 3. Legal responsibility 5. Researcher. as a health educator nurses should conduct health teachings with the patients so that it would improve patient’s present health status. Adaptation model by Sister Callista Roy.

researches/studies to improve nursing practice. for me. Comportment and Creativity. yes. for almost 5 months we are learned other would think that is it enough to be learning all those things with just few months time. Conscience. . Competence. a knowledge that we will be using for the rest of our lives.we ended up with a lot of knowledge . It is such a big honour to be learning all this things. it is enough because of the effort of our adviser and our perseverance and cooperation present within ourselves . nurses help client to cope with stress brought about patient’s condition. We also tackled about the 7C’s in the nursing profession which are as follows: Compassion. Confidence. And as a counsellor. Commitment.

formulating goals/expected outcomes . which may be pertinent in the planning of care. maintenance of health as well as prevention of illness utilizing the nursing process. Subjective cues are the one the patient verbalizes. It includes the basic nursing skills needed in the care of individual patients/clients.observation of the interaction between the client and family/significant others can provide you with insight into the effects of the client’s condition on the family unit.socio and spiritual dimensions. and health care needs. It includes discussion on the different roles of a nurse emphasizing health promotion. resolve. the primary source of information is the client. it constitutes the foundation for nursing practice. • Nursing diagnosis: analysis of assessment data to determine the client’s actual and potential health problems. life-style. It deals with the concept of man as a holistic being comprised of bio-psycho.and . Based on the scientific problem-solving method. or prevent potential problems. Another is the Objective Cues. establish priorities.NCM 100 A: FUNDAMENTAL OF NURSING PRACTICE This course provides the students with the overview of nursing as a science. We learned about the nursing process. • Planning: development of a plan of action to reduce. But what is this nursing process all about nursing process is a systematic method of planning. an art and a profession. and evaluating individualized care for clients in any state of health or illness. The scope of this subject was during first year-second semester. The client who is oriented and responds appropriately can provide the most information about his past and present illnesses. We have 5 characteristics of nursing process and these are the following: The nursing process is systematic and organized with specific components: • Assessment: Collection of data from the patient/client where we have 2 sources of information/data : -Subjective Cues in most instances. delivering.

she wanted us to read in advance. nurses as well us. especially when gathering informations from the client .” since these documents also serves as a legal document that can be brought to the court in case there are some misunderstanding between the hospital personnel and staffs and patients. She also gave us assignments about the subject matter. student nurses must execute these values. It also aids in monitoring the client’s response to interventions rendered to him. expressions and behaviours simply what we called body language.planning nursing actions while documenting the nursing care plan. performing the planned nursing interventions while continuing to collect data about the client. . We need to record everything what we have done to our patients for us to save us from “ Big Troubles. And these documents could also be used in research. We also talked about the types of communication : the verbal communication which can be spoken or written words and non-verbal communication use of gestures.Determining the effectiveness of care rendered. We also had an active participation when it comes to classroom discussion. • Evaluation. It was also taught to us the importance and purposes of documentation/recording and reporting. We may be able to use the Maslow’s Hierarchy of needs Theory this aids in identifying prioritize problem. Our adviser highlighted about Confidentiality and Honesty. It was also taught to us that in questioning the patient we must not start it with a Why question. We all know in our field communication is very important through this we may be able to gather informations from the client. • Implementation: the delivery of nursing care. A week after every discussion our adviser evaluates our learning through giving examinations/quizzes.

. gain more knowledge.At the end of the semester we learned more. And those things we learned from our adviser we would be bringing it throughout our life as nurses in the future. We are exposed to what a nurse profession really is.

We used the 11 functional health patterns by Gordon in interviewing the client: 1. Cognitive Perception Pattern . We were not exposed yet to neither community nor hospital. This was taken first year. illness prevention and maintenance of health utilizing the nursing process as basis for nursing practice. The said activities were performed with a partner. We also conducted a Nurse-Patient Interaction (NPI). Elimination Pattern 4. Activity Exercise Pattern 5. we have done these things in our laboratory. bed making and bed bath which are samples basic nursing care rendered to patients/clients. Nutrition Metabollic Pattern 3. We had 3 things to be performed: vital signs taking. After that our class was divided into 3 groups.NCM 100 B RELATED LEARNING EXPERIENCE The course provides with the overview of Nursing as a Science. Our schedule that time was 7:00 am to 3:00pm. Since it was our first day we first had an orientation about the rules and regulations when it comes to RLE. It was our first time to wore the type b uniform so we are all excited.second semester. an Art and a Profession. Health perception-Health management Pattern 2. we identified and assessed client in the campus. and we were assigned to different clinical instructors. In the afternoon we had a macrodemonstartion for the whole class afterwards a micro demonstration was done. It shall include discussions on the different roles of a nurse emphasizing on health promotion. What we learned from our classroom especially about those types of communications was applied during the interview with the client.

we learned to do some of the cares rendered to the patients and we were able to apply the things we learned from the classroom discussions. Sexuality Reproductive Pattern 10.Coping Stress Tolerance Pattern 11. In the end. Self Perception Self-Concept Pattern 8.6. Role Relationship Pattern 9. Sleep-Rest Pattern 7. .Values Belief Pattern After performing all the laboratory activities we had an ocular inspection in the communities assigned to our school and made a learning feedback about the said activity and it was a good experience it was not just about looking and observing around the community but spending time with the group mates and clinical instructor also and I enjoyed a lot that day.

Active listening. Data sources are either primary or secondary. psychological. We need to think as we interact with our patients. The main purpose of this step is to identify the patient’s nursing problems. Different techniques were taught to us in assessing the patient. sensations and perceptions. we learned the different ways on how to assess newborn. it can be classified as to subjective and objective. We also have to ensure confidentiality to gain their trust. and feeling process. Assessment is simply thinking. There are several frameworks in organizing the . Diagnosis and treatment are achieved through a process. Humor and Informing are some ways on communicating with the patient. and the rest of the process flows from it. While Objective data are overt and measurable and these are referred to as signs. beliefs. Planning. preschooler. They reflect on what the patient is experiencing and it include thoughts. Assessment is the process of collecting. In this subject. we need to explain first to the patient the reason or the rationale of each procedure that we will be doing. infant. It consist of inspection. called the nursing process. The nursing process is a systematic problem-solving method that has five steps: Assessment. But before starting the first step. It sets the tone for the rest of the process. sociological and spiritual status. and Evaluation. validating. palpation. Nursing Diagnosis. and clustering data. Different techniques are to be imparted in interviewing the patients. Clarifying. Restating. For the data. Thus it is very important to carry out a complete and holistic nursing assessment of every patient’s needs. these are referred to as symptoms. doing.HEALTH ASSESSMENT Nursing assessment is the gathering of information about the patient’s physiological. Subjective data are covert and not measurable. adolescent and even an older adult. The patient is the primary data source and the secondary data source is anything aside from the patient. Reflection. toddler. percussion and auscultation. Affirmation/ Facilitation. feelings. which guides nursing practice. to gain their cooperation and for them to be relaxed while it is being done. Nursing is the diagnosis and treatment of human responses to actual or potential health problems. Implementation. broad/ General Openings. Silence.

respiratory system. Roy’s Adaptation Theory. The following are also to be assessed: Pain. Physical assessment helps validate subjective data found in the history. school-age child and adolescent. . integumentary system. abdomen. and Gordon’s Functional Health head. and knee. sensory-neurologic system. wellness.musculoskeletal system. nutrition. eye and ear. female genitourinary system. mental health. motor. height and weight. cardiovascular system. Common frameworks include: Maslow’s Hierarchy of Human Needs. lymphatic system. newborn and infant. spiritual being. toddler ad preschooler. male genitourinary system. breast. The physical examination should always begin with a general survey and a measurement of vital signs. neck. and an older adult. a mother-to-be. identify any health problems and evaluate the patient’s response to treatment.


Shingles. Asthma and etc. Registered Midwife. Arthritis. It aims health prevention. . Tuberculosis. Hypertension. primary which is the prevention of illness.COMMUNITY HEALTH NURSING (CHN A) The concept of community is defined as. “A group of people with common characteristics or interests living together within a territory or geographical boundary. Osteoporosis. Flu. and the tertiary is the rehabilitative. The key elements of Education are Knowledge. Communicable diseases such as. concerned with the promotion of health. and spirit. There are 3 levels of health care.individuals. Registered Nurse. Sender and Receiver. “A balanced state of well-being resulting from harmonious interactions of body. and Attidude or KSA. The public health workers are composed of: Physician. We have also discussed in the classroom the different communicable diseases and noncommunicable diseases. DM. Dentist. disease prevention and management of factors affecting health. family. And the 3 elements of Communication are Message. Medical Technologist. And community health is the part of paramedical and medical intervention/ approach which is concerned on the health of the health population. and Rural Sanitary Inspector. Malaria and etc. as defined by Maglaya. prevention of disease and disability and rehabilitation. not a passive recipient of care. population groups and communities. Mumps. Gout. Chicken pox. Community Health Nursing. mind. Measles. In CHN. Nutritionist.”. “The utilization of the Nursing process in the different levels of clientele.”. Pharmacist. the client is considered as an active partner.” The concept of health is defined as. Noncommunicable diseases such as. Skills. These are just some of the topics that have been discussed inside the classroom. secondary is the curative.

we give the advantages of making their surrounding clean (preventive) and can collaborate with the barangay health center. In Initiation phase. nurse-client relationship and implement the nursing process. the initiation phase. we establish rapport. In the in-home phase. After assessing. And lastly in the post visit. we are facilitated by our Clinical Instructor. And if for instance we encounter illnesses that needs referral. . we coordinate with the health center and they will be the one to take care of it. there should be health education. So we teach them the things that they want to know and they need to know. we record the visit and plan for the next visit. we state the purpose of our visit to the client. We helped in the Immunization day. These programs aim to develop the awareness of the community. In every corresponding diseases. we review visit to the family and plan for future visits.COMMUNITY HEALTH NURSING (CHN B) In the community. We paid a home visit to these families. We also conduct programs in the community. Prenatal care and Fieldwork. Home visit has 5 phases. we ask families (who are available) to gather in an area and participate in the activities that we have prepared. we plan series of intervention. We also assist in the activities of the health center. In everything we do. as we are exposed in different areas. termination phase and post visit phase. previsit phase. we were given the chance to interact with different families. for them to be knowledgeable and to decrease the chance of having the illness. We assess each member of the family and try to determine problems that alter their health. implement it and then evaluate. next is the previsit phase where we initiate the contact to the family. in-home phase. For the termination phase.


In communities. reliable and comprehensive nursing assessment as well as proper documentation. preoperative nursing care. On NCM B. researches so that proper interventions are being rendered. endocrine function. preventive. we deal with initially diagnosed patients and practice keen. utilization of available resources cause not all set ups are ideal. NCM A which is more on theories will be useless without NCM B which is the application of learned theories. when I met Medical Surgical Nursing. I realized more the essence of Nursing. metabolism. fluid and electrolyte balance. learned theories are being applied and you’ll learn more. In hospitals. proper techniques on handling the client as well as procedures done with emphasis on promotive . curative and rehabilitative pattern of nursing care. it’s like making imagination materialized. FLUID AND ELECTROLYTE BALANCE. WMSU College of nursing has taught me many things not just theories as well as values and disciplines that have instilled in me. and I thank very mentor. we are tasked to look for patients whose illness condition is related on subjects being taught to us as well as practicing the previously taught NCMs on lower year levels.NCM 103 A & B: CARE OF CLIENTS WITH PROBLEMS IN OXYGENATION. METABOLISM AND ENDOCRINE Principles and technique of nursing care management of sick clients across lifespan with emphasis on the adult and the older person. nutrition. In NCM B we are taught on health education through health teaching on clients. safe and quality nursing care being rendered. a peculiar teaching strategy of not memorizing but understanding nor shall I say comprehending what you read. In Medical surgical nursing you’ll encounter different kinds of illnesses and you’ll be able to appreciate more the norm from alterations or abnormalities occurred. I guess this realization won’t happen without having a good mentor who has the ability to motivate you on reading the book. . population group in any setting with alterations/ problems in oxygenation.

staffs of the college of nursing for feeding me this theories. . experiences and values which was/ is very useful/ helpful on dealing with my everyday routines in life.

I found out that it is true. the first unit was all about alterations in inflammatory and immunologic response. focuses on the care of client with problems in inflammatory and immunologic response and perception and coordination. managements. PERCEPTION AND COORDINATION They say that the most difficult part during college is third year. In addition. the semester ended up well. The subjects offered were difficult compared to the previous ones. According to its description. When teaching. And during first semester. In our subject matter. we are also asked to have our own book to read in advance the topics. NCM 104. principles. But we considered ourselves lucky because the college provided us one of the best teachers in the college. it deals with the concepts. It is a 5-unit lecture and 4-unit RLE. Herpes . and of course the diseases that may acquire during the breakdown of the immune system such as Roseola infantum. Honestly. It is the time where students are being moulded not just mentally but also physically and emotionally. this is one of the hardest subjects in Nursing. laboratory exams and tests. She teaches us starting from the basic like the anatomy and physiology of each system involved.NCM 104A & B: CARE OF CLIENTS WITH PROBLEMS IN INFLAMMATORY AND IMMUNOLOGIC RESPONSE. It is a good thing because points given are added into our quizzes. 90 hours will be spent for classroom discussion while 204 hours in the clinical area. And now it is already in the middle of the second semester. In this unit the concepts were all about the immune system. and theories of human behaviour and the care of the sick client across the lifespan with emphasis on the adult and older person. But still. population group experiencing alterations in inflammatory and immunologic response and perception and coordination on varied settings. she makes sure that everyone remembers it that is why we are obliged to have a big notebook in order to jot down important details. treatments. Varicella. And the teachers were also strict. assignments were also written and will be checked in the end of the meeting. we have learned the assessments. Though the semester is not yet done but we already learned many things. Our subject. Under it. In this notebook.

skills. The only advantage here is that you can have the chance to observe and performed certain procedures to the patients under the supervision of the clinical instructors. the unit two is all about alterations in perception and coordination. And another is that it improves my knowledge. The discussion was interesting because our teacher tells her own experiences as a nurse for us to appreciate more and further understand the topic. and attitudes we have learned inside the classroom. In a hospital setting. And afterwards. which is the RLE. As a matter of fact. skills.zoster. besides the unit exams she is fond of giving surprise quizzes to know if we have learned something. For the community. For NCM 104 B. We are not yet done discussing it but I’m sure that we will finish it just in time. But then I know it’s for our own good. and attitude as a student nurse. Afterwards. is the application of knowledge. the case of each student is presented for further knowledge about the disease process then to be followed by the discussion of the CI. the same things are applied except in here students are asked as much as possible to look for clients who have problems related to the concepts studied in the classroom. Before we are exposed to the area. orientation is given to us to know what the things we should do and should not. And now we are in our final term which covers up the disturbances of neurologic system and visual and sensory senses. rubella and a lot more. We started the unit by reviewing the structure and function of the musculoskeletal system. What interests me is that I got the chance to experienced things that will be helpful for the future. . taking extra precautions are necessary for the safety of both the students and patients. Each of us is assigned to different clinical areas either in hospitals or communities.