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Continuing an era of iconic aircraft
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Supermarine Spitfire Mk.1 Flt.Lt. Adolf ‘Sailor’ Malan
ugust 1940. With Europe nearly defeated, Britain stood alone against Hitler. Outnumbered by the Luftwaffe, the RAF began one of the most defining moments in British history, ‘The Battle of Britain’.
Cockpit style, specially developed control column
Limited edition of 1600
There are only 1,600 of this unique collectors item available worldwide. To highlight its exclusivity, your model will be presented in unique display packaging and will come with a Limited Edition Certificate. Each model has been carefully designed and finished to the high standards that Corgi is renowned.
Superb Collector’s Model
As a special tribute to the hundreds of courageous pilots who lost their lives, Corgi is proud to present the next fantastic limited edition model of the greatest fighter planes of the Second World War - The Supermarine Spitfire Mk.1. This 1:32 scale model brilliantly captures in glorious, intricate detail the plane piloted by Flt. Lt. Adolf "Sailor" Malan.
only 1600 made
Authentic, working controls
The specially developed ‘control column’ stand lets you operate the Spit’s working propeller and navigation lights, retract and extend its undercarriage and listen again to the spine tingling song of its V12 Rolls Royce Merlin engine the sound of hope, defiance and freedom in Britain’s darkest hour.
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Wingspan 350mm (13 3/4 inches) Scale 1:32
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■ Authentic markings of No. 74 Squadron ■ Working Lights and propellers ■ Detailed armoury ■ Fully operational undercarriage
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Corgi Classics Ltd.,Meridian East, Meridian Business Park, Leicester LE19 1RL
From the Editor
A LITTLE WHILE AGO Aeroplane author and former Crosswind columnist John Maynard suggested to me the idea of a memorial to
This month’s front cover photograph, by RICHARD PAVER, depicts Jonathon Whaley ﬂying Supermarine Spitﬁre Mk I AR213/G-AIST in May 1996. The prototype and Mk I Spitﬁres are the subject of this month’s special 70th anniversary Database section
British test pilots and other ﬂight test crew who lost their lives in the course of their duties. They surely deserve to be remembered with just as much pride and gratitude as airmen who died in war, and yet no national monument to them exists anywhere in Britain. John and I reckoned that a realistically achievable initial target would be to produce a Roll of Honour document, and then — given enough support from enthusiasts who share our sense of indebtedness to these airborne heroes of both peace and war — to consider a permanent Test Flying Memorial of some sort. Where to place such a Roll of Honour and monument? Farnborough, the cradle of British aviation and aeronautical research, seems the ideal place, and the Farnborough Air Sciences Trust has offered its full co-operation. So, see pages 30–32 of this issue for our proposal, and let me know what you think.
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Published on the ﬁrst day of the month preceding coverdate by IPC Media Limited. Distributed by Marketforce (UK) Ltd, 5th Floor, Low Rise Building, Kings Reach Tower, Stamford Street, London SE1 9LS. ©IPC Media Ltd 2006. ISSN 0143-7240. Periodicals postage is paid at Rahway, NJ. USA distribution by Mercury VMD. Postmaster: please send address corrections to Aeroplane Monthly, c/o M.A.I.L. America, 365 Blair Rd, Avenel, New Jersey NJ 07001. While every care will be taken with material submitted to Aeroplane, no responsibility can be accepted for loss or damage. Opinions expressed in this magazine do not necessarily reﬂect those of the Editor. Origination by Wyndeham Graphics Kent Ltd, 2–4 Powerscroft Rd, Sidcup, Kent DA14 5DT. Printed by St Ives Plymouth Ltd. Covers printed by CSM Impact Ltd. Aeroplane® is a registered trademark of IPC Media Ltd ©IPC MEDIA LTD, 2006 This periodical must not, without the written consent of the publishers ﬁrst being given, be lent, sold, hired out or otherwise disposed of in a mutilated condition or in any unauthorised cover by way of trade or annexed or as part of any publication or advertising literary or pictorial matter whatsoever.
Michael Oakey – EDITOR
PS — Our Airshows & Events Preview for the 2006 season includes the dates for our Aeroplane reader holidays to Paris and South Africa, both of which I will be accompanying. See the inside back cover of this issue for details
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RIGHT THE AEROPLANE, MARCH 29, 1939
This issue’s cover carried a Rolls-Royce advert featuring a stylised Spitﬁre; inside was a feature on the 21st anniversary of the formation of the RAF
■ Launched as a monthly magazine in 1973 by Richard T. Riding (Editor for 25 years until 1998), Aeroplane traces its lineage back to the weekly The Aeroplane, founded by the legendary C.G. Grey in YYePG Proudlyuntil Presents,Thx for Support 1911 and published 1968
being launched by Aeroplane in conjunction with the Farnborough Air Sciences Museum 33 Looking Back Nick Stroud browses in The Aeroplane of 90 years ago — March 1916 34 “Dizzy” Addicott A look back at the colourful life of the test.Thx for Support comment on YYePG the aviation world 2 AEROPLANE MARCH 2006 .Contents March 2006 Vol 34 No 3 Issue No 395 (on sale February 1) Features 13 A Mitchell Resurfaces Mark Sheppard takes an indepth look at the history and recovery of a North American B-25C from a lake in South Carolina Regulars 4 News All the latest news from the aircraft preservation world. compiled by Tony Harmsworth — includes Mike Hooks’s concise Preservation Review of the Year 22 Alpine Adventures CHOICE Tim Skeet dons his g-suit for a dramatic trip in a two-seat Hawker Hunter jet trainer over the Swiss Alps EDITOR’S 17 Contact! Paul Coggan comments on the preservation scene 28 Aeroplane Explains This month Ralph Lewis unravels aircraft carrier deck arresting gears 18 Skywriters Readers’ letters on a wide variety of topics 21 Flying Visit A potted interview with chief microlight designer and builder/test pilot of the Pilcher Triplane replica Dr Bill Brooks FRAeS. both in the RAF and with BOAC To celebrate the 70th anniversary of the ﬁrst ﬂight of the Spitﬁre prototype.and display pilot. . John Maynard unveils the new Test Flying Memorial Project. Dr Alfred Price describes the genesis and development of one of the world’s most famous ﬁghters. who died in December 2005 Air Shows & Events Preview 2006 A special eight-page pull-out — time to organise your diary! 64 Pilot Biography: Lord Tebbit The pilot-turned-politician speaks to John Maynard about his ﬂying career. accompanied by the Editor 87 Navigator Aeroplane’s monthly reviews and listings — see opposite for details LORD TEBBIT 96 Crosswind John Fricker provides sideways Proudly Presents. Includes a pilot’s perspective by Alex Henshaw and scale drawings by Tim Hall TIM SKEET 38 Database Supermarine Spitﬁre Prototype & Mk I COVER STORY 22 38 72 Gemini Days Humphrey Wynn recalls his ﬂying experiences while on the staff of Flight magazine in the 1950s and 1960s 63 Picture of the Month This month’s reader offer from Aeroplane’s photographic archive features a Fleet Air Arm ﬁghter. the Blackburn Roc 78 The Cold War Generation Barry Jones’s third article on the history of British military aircraft speciﬁcations 71 High Society This month we go lighter-thanair with a look at the work of The Airship Heritage Trust 64 INSIDE BACK COVER Reader Holiday Offers A Grand Aviation Tour of South Africa and a trip to Paris and the La Ferté-Alais show. by Melvyn Hiscock 30 Think of The Risks . .
they were taking part in a three-aircraft sortie as part of the annual “October Campaign” organised by a group of Swiss Hunter-operating organisations. Tim was in the right-hand seat of another T. subscriptions. newsagent order form. shows off its belly-mounted twin 30mm ADEN cannon to TIM SKEET’s camera over the Swiss Alps near Sion in October 2005. See pages 22–27 for Tim’s from-the-cockpit report and further dramatic photographs.Thx for Support AEROPLANE MARCH 2006 3 . annual index and more 78 MAIN PICTURE Hawker Hunter T.72 Navigator Our Navigator section at the back of the magazine tells you all you need to know about what to buy and where to go: 87 Book reviews 89 Internet review 90 Information Exchange 91 Reader offers 98 Airshows & Events 92 Next month in Aeroplane 93 Aeroplane services — backissues. YYePG Proudly Presents.68. piloted by Yves Rossy. piloted by Paul Ruppeiner. J-4201/HB-RVR.68 J-4206/HB-RVV Double Victory. binders.
Although the “ofﬁcial” maiden ﬂight of the E. with a North Weald on December Staggerwing G-BRVE. which should be of great value to local aerospace businesses. “Students will help run a business based on that which was born and bred in Brockworth. will have a separate entrance. and the pupils will run their own restaurant where they can serve the public. together with the 200ft x 100ft display building. with the help of Jet Age Museum staff. First reactions indicated that the unique idea could be a very good solution for the museum.14. which possible repaint in RAF Presents. Meteor 8. December 1998 Aeroplane). with pupils having the opportunity to learn hands-on engineering skills. and is part of the local heritage.Thx for Support 14 for new owner PeterYYePG Proudly has joined TFC. head teacher Paul Elliott and Matt Peplow from Gloucestershire County Council visited the HLF regional ofﬁce in Exeter to discuss the proposals.News Fortress sells Page 6 Meteor moves Page 7 THE GLOUCESTERSHIREbased Jet Age Museum has announced an innovative plan in the heart of the community where Britain’s ﬁrst jet aircraft. Jet Age chairman John Lewer. Meteor 7. The £3m project will also include a shared engineering faculty. ABOVE Stephen Grey (right) and Peter Teichman with G-KITT at Duxford. The educational aspect of the museum will be greatly strengthened.28/39. and a full-size replica Gloster E. Lecture RESTOR ATION•REBUILDS•REPLIC A S•AIRCR AF T•MUSEUMS THIS A HOME FOR JET AGE? MONTH ■ Unprecedented plan for museum at a school may be the way forward Swallow migrates Page 7 rooms and a café. was designed and ﬁrst ﬂew.28/39.” The Jet Age collection aircraft which would go into the museum include a Gloster Gamecock reproduction (see DARREN HARBAR ABOVE An artist’s impression of the project. Partnership with the school should resolve some of the Heritage Lottery Fund’s (HLF) objections to Jet Age’s funding bid. it had already made three hops of 100– 200yd on the grass at Gloster’s Brockworth airﬁeld during high-speed taxying tests on April 8 with test pilot Jerry Sayer at the controls. the curved building links the engineering and display hangars. offering access to visitors out of school hours. Javelin FAW. It involves constructing a display hall for the currently homeless museum in a joint venture with Brockworth Enterprise School. February 2005). Travelling in the will operate the machine left The Fighter Collection opposite direction was with it’s “Bengal Tiger” nose (TFC) at Duxford.9. Teichman markings for 2007. DARREN HARBAR P-40 moves to North Weald Vulcan expires Page 9 B-25 progresses Page 13 4 CURTISS P-40M G-KITT has Teichman. This is a phenomenal opportunity. We are already running a hospitality and catering course. a Gladiator. which was rejected in November 2004 (see News. AEROPLANE MARCH 2006 . and ABOVE LEFT Stephen ﬂying the P-40 with Peter in the jump seat. the Gloster E. Meteor NF.28/39 was from RAF Cranwell on May 15. 1941. Paul Elliott enthuses. On December 14. Meteor 3 cockpit. The pupils would run the museum on a ‘live’ basis. every day. It arrived at Teichman’s Beech 17 art this season.
who was ﬂying Fockewant to see it done”. continues Jim on the Eastern Front in May [and it’s close on 50 — Ed]. YYePG back to the UK in 1992. maintenance on these aircraft. which is rendered incomplete Boeing 707 G-APFJ entered service with BOAC in September 1960. but the Britannia will remain at the mercy of the elements. the owner of the was treated as a nobody. or an indication that the collection’s preservation value is much diminished without an example of the Mach 2 airliner. G-AMOG. Boeing 707 G-APFJ (the only surviving Rolls Royce Conway-powered example). The airline no longer undertakes maintenance on the aircraft. it escaped the scrapman and arrived at Cosford that April. none of which qualiﬁes for covered accommodation in Cosford’s new Cold War museum building. Fw 189 PILOT DIES – BUT REBUILD GOES ON MICHAEL OAKEY JUST AFTER THE Christmas Aeroplane that Lothar’s death holidays the sad news came has not affected his deterthrough that former Luftwaffe mination to have the aircraft reconnaissance pilot Lothar restored to ﬂying condition: “I Mothes. This was soon withdrawn. seen at Cosford on January 14. “We used to send trainees and apprentice engineers up to Cosford to work on the airliners. An initial RAF Museum press release was leaked on the internet on January 9. now under construction and due to open next year. is under review by the British Airways Board and the RAF Museum board of Trustees. because we found had died aged 85. 1943 and lived to be reunited “this one has been the most with his aircraft 53 years later. but the structure of the training courses has changed. and is the only preserved Rolls-Royce Conway 707. Two of Cosford’s airliners not included in the review are Britannia G-AOVF and Comet IA G-APAS. without a Concorde . Cosford. he says. including the fourth production Vickers Viscount. with the nacelle almost complete.”. A spokesman for BA says. leaving enthusiasts wondering about what appeared to be either a swipe at BA for not allocating a Concorde to Cosford.” JIM PEARCE ABOVE Lothar Mothes.com OR Write to our usual address RESTOR ATION•REBUILDS•REPLIC A S•AIRCR AF T•MUSEUMS Cosford’s airliners face review THE FUTURE STATUS of the British Airways airliner collection. and contained the statement. . currently on display outdoors at the RAF Museum. back at the controls of his Fw 189 after 53 years. and Vickers VC10 G-ARVM. but twin-boomed spotter aircraft when we brought him to the and the man who brought it UK in 1996 he was treated ABOVE Looking like an Fw 189 again: WNr 2100 at Jim Pearce’s Proudly Presents. . Wulf Fw 189 WNr 2100 “Of all the warbirds I’ve been V7+1H when it was shot down involved with”. Retired in January 1976. “The collection. The Comet is due to be hangared. the pilot! In East Germany he Jim Pearce. which are owned by the RAF Museum but displayed in BOAC markings. tellsfor Support like a hero. Regular work tailed off in 2001. and we no longer have the facilities to support ABOVE Viscount G-AMOG. at Biggin Hill Air Fair in September 1996. the only standard example in airliner conﬁguration on display in Britain.Thx base in Sussex in January. The collection includes several signiﬁcant aircraft. 5 AEROPLANE MARCH 2006 . and it has been on an ad hoc basis since then”. The collection is completed by Trident IC G-ARPH and BAC One-Eleven G-AVMO. amazing.News compiled by: Tony Harmsworth Tel: 020 7261 5551 Fax: 020 7261 5269 E-mail: anthony_harmsworth@ipcmedia.
Saturdays and Sundays. based at Dugny on the military side of Paris’s Le Bourget airport. killing all 20 people on board when the amphibian crashed. The We will be seeking an early move comes despite the efforts meeting with Comer Homes of two local MPs. New York. John Wayne Airport in southern California. February).free. They hope to take delivery of both aircraft in the next few months. Sadly. BROWN ■ A CHALK’S Ocean Airways turbine-powered Grumman G-73T Mallard lost a wing while ﬂying just off South Beach.fr/indexuk. during 2003–04. North American B-25J Mitchell Freedom’s Guardian and Douglas A-26C Invader Feeding Frenzy. the Brooklands Museum Concorde. while operated by the National Warplane Museum.com B-17G FUDDY DUDDY SOLD ■ Fortress swaps East Coast for West to join collection of ex-USAF general in California ABOVE Boeing B-17G Fuddy Duddy ﬂying over New York State in July 1997. the Battle of Britain base at unimaginative. making it an early A2 variant from the ﬁrst production batch. and was thought to be WNr 120223. MELVYN HISCOCK GARY R. A major feature on the French testing of the He 162 will appear in Aeroplane soon. and a list of what is required for the rebuild may be found on the MFA website at http://memorial. the of Britain. October 2005) but with repairs to Aluminum Overcast now nearing completion there was a danger that Fuddy Duddy would once again be parked. Inspectors from the FAA and NTSB examining the wreckage soon discovered a major wing spar crack. saying “Kenley Airﬁeld be given listed status (see played a key role in the Battle News in Brief. (Ofcom) sold off the Ofﬁcers’ The decision to sell to a house Mess and surrounding land at builder is mean-spirited. is now open to the public.Thx of the community. its cabin doors opening for the ﬁrst time on the 3Oth anniversary of the ﬁrst commercial ﬂight on January 21. The EAA ﬂew Fuddy Duddy on a highly successful tour in 2005. but a NICHAEL O’LEARY RESTOR ATIONS•REBUILDS•REPLIC A S Tel: 020 7261 5551 Fax: 020 7261 5269 E-mail: anthony_harmsworth@ipcmedia. and the on their heroic effort and deeply site was granted conservation regret that the Government has status by Croydon Council and ignored all our representations. since the museum moved to Elmira-Corning. however. deal was struck with the Oshkosh-based Experimental Aircraft Association (EAA) that saw the B-17 brought back to life by an EAA crew as a temporary replacement for the EAA’s B-17 Aluminum Overcast. The four other aircraft in the Chalk’s ﬂeet were immediately grounded. respect the wishes of local wishes Presents. ■ THE CUATRO VIENTOS-based Salamander ID revealed at Dugny KENLEY THREATENED? THE LATEST PROJECT for the Memorial Flight Association (MFA). in early January. and the museum hit ﬁnancial problems. The NWM ﬁrst developed at the grass ﬁeld at Geneseo. including an appearance at the Thunder over Michigan B-17 gathering (see Aeroplane.ﬂight. Access is available onTuesdays.Watch out for a feature in Aeroplane soon. to remains scope for negotiating persuade the Government to an outcome which respects the ABOVE He 162 WNr 120015. insensitive and RAF Kenley to residential typical of a Government that has developer. and represents an Ofﬁce of Communications important environmental asset. that several historicallyThe MPs issued a joint stateimportant aviation sites would ment. 6 JUST DAYS AFTER Culture people and to enable the land Minister David Lamy announced to be saved for public access. WNr 120015 was found on a rear fuselage bulkhead. The historic bomber arrived at its new home.html by following the “parts wanted” link. Miami. Tandridge District Council. New York. The museum example ﬂew 18hr on test between April 1947 and July 1948. Le Bourget. G-BBDG. The former Luftwaffe “panic ﬁghter” had been on display in the museum since 1952.News BOEING B-17G Flying Fortress N9563Z Fuddy Duddy was sold by the New York-based National Warplane Museum (NWM) to retired USAF General William Lyons in late December 2005 for more than $3m (£1·7m). damaged in a landing accident at Van Nuys Airport in May 2004. News in Brief Fundación Infante de Orleans has obtained BA Eagle G-AFAX and D. During the recent stripdown. Comer Homes. ready for the monthly summer displays staged by the Fundación. seven of which were shipped to France for ﬂight testing. the attendance and number of visiting warbirds at shows quickly fell. Wednesdays. ■ AT WEYBRIDGE. East Surrey’s Group in order to discuss their Peter Ainsworth and Croydon plans and to see whether there South’s Richard Ottaway. Problems at the NWM meant that Fuddy Duddy was grounded at its base at Elmira-Corning airport. The aircraft was one of 27 of the type surrendered to the Allies at Leck in Northern Germany. where it joined Lyons’s two other historic bombers.” AEROPLANE MARCH 2006 . after being stripped back to bare YYePG Proudly for Support metal in the Memorial Flight hangar at Dugny.H. The Salamander is missing several parts. on December 19.60 Moth G-EBXU from UK owners. is the Musée de l’Air’s Heinkel He 162A-2 Salamander. We congratulate Aerodrome was formed to help the friends of Kenley Aerodrome preserve the airﬁeld. where some of the world’s best warbird airshows were held. no respect for history or the In 2005 the Friends of Kenley environment.
London SE1 9LS Web: www.FI N D S • P R O J E C T S •A I R C R A F T• M U S E U M S • AU C T I O N S • P E O P L E Write to: Aeroplane.Thx for Support a sunny December 18. This BA Swallow. the 71st built. in the late 1990s. California. and suffered an undercarriage collapse on landing the following month. After the CAF was able to acquire airworthy A6M3 Zero NX712Z from David Price. in which former President George Bush Snr went solo on December 15. Kings Reach Tower. Stamford Street. The Meteor joins another recent arrival.com Zero for Ford Island museum THE COMMEMORATIVE Air Force (CAF) sold Mitsubishi A6M2 Zero N58245 to the new Paciﬁc Aviation Museum at Ford Island. the Zero was restored by him at Carman. a replica Spitﬁre Mk IV. The new owner of the distinctive mauve-andyellow-painted tourer is expected to take it to various ﬂy-ins during the 2006 season. however. owner of the adjacent Donington Park racing circuit. Fitted with a Pratt & Whitney R-1830 engine. but it still lacks ailerons and elevator trim-tabs. before the Cirrus-powered version was introduced. by Canadian collector Bob Diemert back in 1969. including a couple of partial rebuilds. Since arriving at East Midlands. Manitoba. left its base at Benson’s Farm. and was put up for sale.aeroplanemonthly. The ﬁghter had been in storage with the Southern California Wing of the CAF at Camarillo. which is now entrance fees and fundraising nearing completion. Delivered from the Hanworth factory in April 1938. on loan to the collection from Kevin Wheatcroft. which has been seen only rarely over the past few years. In the late 1990s the ﬁghter was transferred to the Southern California Wing of the CAF at Camarillo. After acquisition by the MICHAEL O’LEARY ABOVE Zero N58245 being ﬂown by Randy Wilson over Mojave. was the last example to be ﬁtted with the 90 h. AEROPLANE MARCH 2006 7 . MICHAEL O’LEARY AEROPARK PROGRESS TWO YEARS AFTER Gloster Meteor TT. (AVA) member Brian Rose to represent PL256 of No 504 large airliner models and other (City of Nottingham) Sqn. Pobjoy Cataract engine. and consideration is being given to acquiring a replacement Mitchell. Hawaii. in both time and money. seen recently in the Commemorative Air Force hangar at Camarillo. and North American B-25J N9753Z. 1942. the ﬁghter was damaged when the tailwheel came off during an attempted ﬁrst ﬂight during September 1973. where a valiant attempt to re-restore it got under way. It is hoped that the Aeropark’s YYePG by AVA volunteers.20 WM224 left North Weald for a new home at the East Midlands Airport Aeropark. and most of the ground the ﬁrst in line being de Havilpreparation. Wiltshire. CAF. Essex. The replica was recently repainted by long-serving Aeropark Volunteer Association Swallow ﬂies west to a new home ON DECEMBER 18.p. Laindon. Recovered from Ballale Island. the cost of the project. bound for a new home in Wiltshire. It was dismantled and. the former Hickam AFB gate guard. days. and current plans call for the Zero to be trucked to Chino where B-25 rebuild specialists Aero Trader will prepare the aircraft for static display. Among the other exhibits already gathered for the museum is Boeing N2S-3 Stearman BuNo 07103. California. but operation of the ﬁghter proved problematic. rapidly escalated. son of Tom Wheatcroft. the Zero arrived at Harlingen in late 1985. N58245 became surplus to requirements. It will be activities such as open-cockpit used for restoration of aircraft. collection of aero engines. BA Swallow 2 G-AFGE. components that Graham and Steve are desperate to locate to complete the restoration. the machine was impressed into RAF service in August 1940 as BK894. 2005. and a great deal of work was needed to keep it serviceable. The latter aircraft is in bad condition. although a lot of work was completed. in December 2005. artefacts will also go on show Another new addition to the in the Romney. it really needed a new wing. The ﬁnances Aeropark site is an ex-RAF for the building came from Romney building. ABOVE The rather sorry-looking dismantled Zero. for several years. it has been under restoration at the Aeropark’s old site by a team led by Graham Vale and Steve Sims. Bougainville. erection of the land Vampire XD382 and onebuilding and the internal off Britten SA-1 Sheriff G-FRJB. ﬁnishing has been undertaken ABOVE BA Swallow 2 G-AFGE about to depart Benson’s Farm on Proudly Presents. for a new home near Boscombe Down. and after having its engine removed was used on various glider trials. TREVOR FITCHETT ABOVE Meteor WM224 being moved off the East Midlands Airport perimeter road into the Aeropark compound. the former target-tug/nightﬁghter was ﬁnally moved round the airport’s perimeter road into the Aeropark’s exhibition area in mid-December 2005.
CASAbuilt Jungmann G-BZVS is now in Swiss air force colours as A-52.316B Alouette IIIs built by IVA Brasov — G-CDSG and ’DSJ. with two helicopters and Super Cubs added to the UK register. Cessna U206G Stationair G-LEMO ex LN-ALX/N6300U registered to Garden House Properties at Kings Lynn. Fuji 200 PH-MBM is cancelled and PH-SOP is a Sopwith Pup reproduction ex N1915K. Lycoming-powered. Casualties are Taylorcraft F-21 G-BPJV which crashed near Winchcombe in bad weather on 28. has become TF-CSC for City Star Airlines at Aberdeen.News REGISTER REVIEW Compiled by Mike Hooks IT IS A QUIET TIME of year for new registrations of elderly aircraft. Restorations include Bulldog G-CBBU/XX711. to Germany as D-FENK for its new owner Herr F. In Austria. and the other. ■ We are indebted to AirBritain News for much of the above information 8 AEROPLANE MARCH 2006 . red and black scheme in June 1996. BAe 146-300 G-UKRC. necessitating a forcedlanding on a road under construction.H. Two CAA cancellations are Autocrat G-AJRB (28.05 as N262MS at Paine Field. Beech F-17D VH-AME was once VH-ACU at the Air World Museum. is G-CUBN ex SE-ECN. a 150. Rutan VariEze G-EZOS becomes G-EZDG and as there are few ﬂoatplanes on the UK register a new one is welcome. German cancellations for reasons unknown include Stampe SV-4C D-EBET.10.11. thus demolishing my theory and photograph in the January issue that it might be a Camel! Belgian news is the arrival of Oberlerchner Job 15 HB-KEV MIKE HOOKS PHOTOGRAPHS for rebuild by Raymond Cuypers at Antwerp before return to Switzerland where German Super Cub D-EEKU has become HB-PQP. but this left Spanhoe on 6.05. so may still be a candidate for conversion. seen in a line-up of the type at the 1984 PFA Rally. while an Airbus A310 with a long history is OE-LMP ex N410AN/S7-SGS/ S7-RGQ/PK-AWR/F-WQLE/ A40-OB/HB-IPI/F-WWCT.com ABOVE Three airliners are in the news this month: Condor Boeing 757-230 D-ABNC seen landing at Frankfurt in August 1995 was later PH-DBA. LEFT Also on the move.3.9. He was on a return trip from Australia on 22. for a ﬂying museum. Two ex Buzz/Air UK BAe 146-300s for Lufthansa Regional carrier Eurowings are D-AEWL ex G-UKHP/EI-DEV/G-5-123 and ’EWN ex G-UKRC/G-BSMR/ G-6-158. where it struck three vehicles and was severely damaged. seen landing at Gatwick in August 1991.Thx for Support month is Auster Autocrat G-AJRB. now with Fischer Air Polska as SP-FVK. is now with Eurowings at Nuremburg as D-AEWN. Pilatus PC-7 PH-JWF has gone home to Switzerland as HB-HDF. SIAT Flamingo D-EHDS.05 when the power went. A cancellation from the French vintage register is Yak9UM F-AZYJ which has gone RESTOR ATIONS•REBUILDS•REPLIC A S Tel: 020 7261 5551 Fax: 020 7261 5269 E-mail: email@example.com. It has recently been re-registered G-EZDG.05) whose C of A expired on 8. and is to be reassembled at Manching. seen here in its familiar silver.05). Everett.9. Wangaratta.9. and in New Zealand Rapide ZK-SWR. once G-AJJR. The Me 262A reproduction D-IMTT. is G-CDPR ex OY-AVT/D-ELFT/OL-L05/ L-128/53-4802 for an owner in Guernsey. In Holland. a 95. LEFT Oberlerchner Job-15 HB-KEV arrived at Antwerp in October for restoration by Raymond Cuypers and work began immediately. time Condor Boeing 757 D-ABNC to Poland as SP-FVK and Dornier 328 HB-AEE to TF-CSC. was formerly Dutch air force D-7 and originally NR777. but Sportavia RS-180 Sportsman D-ENKY was written off on 25. Cranﬁeld. a CAA cancellation on 1. while Auster J/5 VH-KSH has been withdrawn owing to corrosion.04 and Chipmunk G-TRIC (8. It will return to Switzerland on completion. the real A-52 became HB-USD and is current as such. For reasons which are not obvious. An Australian restoration is Auster 5 VH-ABA. respectively ex 07 and 21. Super Cub 95 D-EJRR and Harvard D-FAME. Enk of Magdeburg.Oldest of two Super Cubs. Spain.05 and Cub G-KIRK belonging to famous ﬂying vet Maurice Kirk. then N723BA. LEFT Dornier 328 HB-AEE of Air Engiadina seen at Frankfurt in June 1995.11. ﬁrst ﬂown on 15. fortunately the vet was OK! Sales abroad are Shorts 360 G-BOEI to N3735W and Strikemaster G-UPPI to South Africa.8. LEFT Most unusual shape this month is Rutan VariEze G-EZOS. was to be ﬂown to Europe inside a new Cargolux Boeing 747 freighter on delivery. Other airliner movements include the oneABOVE LEFT A cancellation this YYePG Proudly Presents.05 for delivery to Ocana. A pair of oddballs are former Romanian air force SA.05. Pink Aviation Services have registered Skyvan Srs 3 OE-FDN ex 9M-FAT/OC-2/G-BGFR/ G-14-132. undergoing rebuild.
may ﬂy again. but last October a more manageable British warplane — Sea Harrier F/A.000. routes. Kings Reach Tower. Pennsyslvania. on November 29. for Flug Werk’s new-build long-nose Focke-Wulf FW 190D. having ﬂown to Ascension Island in May 1982 as a reserve aircraft for the Black Buck raids on Stanley airport.Thx for Support as 340s with United Airlines.com Blackpool Vulcan cut up FOURTEEN MONTHS after it was acquired by Manchester pub landlord Christopher Ollerenshaw in an eBay auction. vintage aircraft collectors and operators to advertise their wants and disposals. currently under construction at Gammelsdorf in Germany. ABOVE The sad but inevitable sight at Blackpool Airport on January 12. V-1710 FOR FLUG WERK 190D FLUG WERK BUD WHEELER’S Allison Competition Engines (ACE) in Latrobe. in late 1994. GEOFF JONES Hangar Stores Hangar Stores is a free service for museums. the Allison having been selected as the most suitable engine in the absence of serviceable examples of the 190D’s original Junkers Jumo 213. Western Cape. Convairs gravitate to the Cape FOUR CONVAIR 580s. because Convair was Skyhaul 580s. an exhaust system will be manufactured which will allow the exhaust gases to exit in exactly the same location as on the original Jumo installation. ■ THE FARNBOROUGH Air Sciences Trust (FAST) opened its latest exhibit. It is on loan from former operator Hawkair. South Africa during November 2005. Ollerenshaw had proposed putting it on show in the beer garden at the Snipe Inn at Dukinﬁeld. which made what was expected to be the last ever B170 ﬂight when it was delivered to Canada’s Reynolds-Alberta Museum at Wetaskiwin in September 2004. e-mail JTemple@BrooklandsMuseum. 9 Wants AEROPLANE MARCH 2006 . but even this suffered damage during the scrapping. four months after it arrived in sections from Hendon. During that time. XL391 was offered for disposal upon 44 Sqn’s disbandment in December 1982. Rigorous trials centred on the lubrication and cooling of the forward bearing are currently under way on ACE’s unique test-stand. ﬁrst entered service The 580 has primarily 1960s for conversion to Proudly Presents. has been stored outside with absolutely no weather protection. Once the engine has been ﬁtted to the fuselage of the FW 190 at Gammelsdorf. The former BEA airliner was last used as a cabin trainer by European Aircharter at Bournemouth.2 XL391 was torn apart by a mechanical digger. May 1954. from Luton to Brussels — bringing down the curtain on 20 years of DHL Convair 580 operations. Items should be sent to Hangar Stores. is building up a speciallymodiﬁed Allison V-1710 12cylinder engine. RUSSELL PINFOLD come to fruition and the bomber was acquired by Brian Bateson. Avro Vulcan B. Two of the four October 1952 as N73117. This quite radical task involved a substantial number of stress calculations. Curator of Aviation. In total 175 Convair 340s and 440s were remade into 580s. began at the RAF Museum Cosford during the third week of January.2 XL391 was broken up for scrap at Blackpool Airport on January 12. Prospective owners will be pleased to hear that preparation and crew for a ferry ﬂight will be included in the deal. before entering service with Skyhaul Pty. The fuselage will be used by FAST for an educational scheme. as Vulcan B. Stamford Street. London SE1 9LS. Having paid £15. The Valiant will go on display in Cosford’s new Cold War hangar. recently retired from use with DHL/Swiftair in Spain. Both went to and ZS-SKG (previously ECturbojet 880 programme. Design and manufacture of the new assemblies has been achieved using the latest stateof-the-art CAD-CAM processes.FI N D S • P R O J E C T S •A I R C R A F T• M U S E U M S • AU C T I O N S • P E O P L E Write to: Aeroplane. which monitors and analyses all engine parameters.com. were being overhauled at George Airport. Frontier Airlines in the midGDY). Stamford Street. 1960. put paid to his plan. 2005. Contact Julian Temple. King’s Reach Tower. and the cost of moving it. similar in shape to the Jumo 213. 2005.102 for the V-bomber in November 2004. the mod being necessitated by the need to position the oil and coolant radiators between the propeller-disc and the engine block as on the original 190D. the aircraft. The Allison’s propshaft and reduction-gear housing have been redesigned to allow an extension of 30cm (12in). opening the RAF Museum up to severe criticism among many preservationists. which dropped Britain’s ﬁrst live H-bomb on Christmas Island in 1957. The prototype Allison 501powered 580 ﬁrst ﬂew on January 19. The type has now disappeared from European skies. A respected company in the warbird world. ZS-SKI the latter as N73156 in occupied with the four(formerly EC-GHN). ■ REASSEMBLY of the world’s only surviving Vickers Valiant. but the Society’s plans failed to News in Brief ■ BRISTOL 170 Freighter C-GYQS. the type becoming the most successful of the turboprop Convair conversions. It was delivered to Blackpool Airport. and legal difﬁculties surrounding the reﬁnancing of the company require the sale of the portly transport. and acquired by the Manchester Vulcan Bomber Society for £5. ACE is following design criteria provided by Flug Werk.2 ZE693 — was placed in the Snipe’s beer garden. above. the last DHL ﬂight — on September 18. XD818. The only part of XL391 saved was the nose section. the conversion being subcontracted by Allison to ﬂying DHL Courier service the former aircraft in Pac-Aero at Santa Barbara. A Falklands war veteran. boss of the Blackpool Air Centre ﬂying school. on 01932 857381. right. to enlighten and inspire children in aviation history and technology. Aeroplane. Extensive corrosion.aeroplanemonthly. London SE1 9LS Web: www. Please include a name and contact telephone number for editorial use ■ Concorde passenger steps needed for G-BBDG at Brooklands Museum. seen service with airlines YYePG 580 conﬁguration. the fuselage of BAC One-Eleven G-AVMJ.
THIS SUMMARY OF preserved warbirds and lighter civil aircraft in the news over the past year was collated at the end of 2005. The period covered in issues of Aeroplane is between March 2005 and March 2006 coverdates.
MIKE HOOKS PHOTOGRAPHS
RESTOR ATIONS•REBUILDS•REPLIC A S
Tel: 020 7261 5551 Fax: 020 7261 5269 E-mail: firstname.lastname@example.org
PRESERVATION REVIEW OF Our annual survey of gains, losses and changes, compiled by
Some aircraft destroyed, others substantially damaged: Aeronca C-3 N13002; Airacobra N6968; Auster 6 N3675; Bf 109G-4 D-FWME; Camel replica N7157Q; Convair BT-13A N49646; Cornells N26GA, N53656; Goose N327; Harvards N453WA, N494S, N3617F, N15797; Hellcat N4964W; Jodel DR.1051 HB-EBZ; Jurca Spitﬁre HB-YIZ; Mustangs N6327T, N10607; Porters N346F, N908PL; Strikemaster N399WH; T-28B N9060F; Tiger Moths G-ACDJ, I-EDAI, I-JJOY; Yak-3 N134US, N20669. Pfalz D III N905AC to ZK-JPI; Pitts S-1S PH-PUP to D-EIRV; Pilatus P.3 HB-RBV to N830AD; Porter OO-JDV to PK---; Ryan PT-22 N1799 to HB-RDD; Seabee LN-IKK to SE-AXR; SIAI S.205 HB-ELL to N205AB; Silvaire ZS-BVZ to SE-AZL; Sokol OK-BXW to D-EMYH; Spitﬁre IX ZU-SPT to VH-IXT; Stearmans N131TP to D-EPTD, N5379N to OE-AMM, N54426 to D-ECAL, N56188 to SE-BEU, N64386 to D-ERAX, N68494 to SE-AMW, N75664 to OE-AWW; Stampe SV-4 OO-SVF to D-E---; Tiger Moths OY-DNR to 4X-AAA, VH-AHB to ZK-BAR, ZS-DLK to PH-DLK, Waco YMF-F5C N7022S to D-ESEI; Yak-3UM N234BJ to D-FYAC; Zlin Z.126 OK-IGL to D-EYGL. Z.526 LZ-713 to D-EEBH, LZ-720 to D-EEBY, LZ-710 to D-EEBX, SP-CPI to D-ERCI, Z.381 OE-ACE to D-EAOL. Cancellations — no details: Aeris A-200 HB-YIL; Beech C-45G F-BHMM; Cubs D-EJIX, HB-OBP, HB-ONH (damaged); Horizon D-EMUS; Jungmanns D-EBAD, D-ELSK; Klemm Kl 25D OH-ILI; Taylorcraft Plus D HB-EUL; Tiger Moths D-EHXH, PH-TYG, VH-HPH, ZK-BJR. Withdrawn from use: Bölkow Junior D-EABJ; Job-15 D-EEAG; Tiger Moth VH-BXF. Restorations: KZ III OY-DAA; Tiger Moth ZK-BFF. Ex-military: Stampe SV-4 OO-KRL ex V-54, OO-MCI ex V-47.
ABOVE Turbo Porter OO-JDV landing after a busy period uplifting parachutists at the August 1999 Fly-in at Schaffen-Diest; it has since been sold to Indonesia, marks not yet known.
moved between registers, or civil marks allocated to military aircraft. Immediately preceding marks are quoted after the new marks. UK additions: Beech 17 G-LAJT/ZS-AJT; CAP 10s G-CDIF/N126SM, G-CDCE/ F-BNDC; Cubs G-KUUI/ N2MD, G-RRSR/N1315V; Fiat CR.42 G-CBLS; D.H.9 G-CDLI/E8894; Harvard G-TEXN/G-BHTH; Hurricane G-HRLO/RCAF 5403; Jungmanns G-CDLC/ N46923, G-CDJU/OO-OLE; Mustangs G-MRLL/ 44-13521, G-CDHI/G-SUSY; Nipper G-NIPR/G-AVXC; Pitts S-2B G-ZIII/G-CDBH; Spitﬁre I G-CDGU/X4276, Spitﬁre V G-CDGY/A58-149, Spitﬁre XIX G-CDGK/ N219AM (to F-AZJS); Stearmans G-OBEE/ N5580S, G-CCXB/N1363M; Super Cubs G-CVMI/SE-CEE, G-OVON/OY-ELG; Stampe
SV-4A G-NIFE/F-BBBL; Tiger Moths G-YVFS/G-ANDE, G-CDJO/VH-BGH; Waco YMF-F5C G-WOCO/N770MM; Wassmer WA.52 G-OELZ/ F-BTLO. Sold abroad: Beech D.17 G-BUXU to F-GUZZ; Bf 109E G-BYDS to N342FH; Harrier GR.3s G-CBCU and ’CBGK to USA; Jungmann G-BUTA to F-AZ--; L.200 Morava G-BNBZ to OK---; Terrier G-ASAK to F-AZTJ; Tiger Moths G-AMTF to OO-TMW, G-ANMV to D-ECTM; Turbulent G-ASPU to VH-UVW; Waco UPF-7 G-WACO to OO-UPF; Yak-3s G-BTHD to USA, G-BWOE to ZK-YYY. Restorations: Autocar G-AOHZ; Autocrat G-AHAV; B.E.2c G-AWYI; D.H.60Gs G-AAJT, ’ABDA ex N1284A; Gnat G-NATY/XR537; Hornet Moth G-ADUR ex N9026Y;
Jackaroo G-APAJ ex VH-KRK; MS.230 G-AVEB ex N230EB; Proctor G-AHTE; Globe Swift G-AHUN; Tiger Moth G-AMIV. Cancellations: Auster Alpha G-APRF; Auster 6A G-ASNB; Autocrat G-AGYH; Mitchell G-BWGR; Brochet M.B.50 G-BADV; Cessna 120 G-BRJC and 140 G-BTBV; Condor G-AYFE; Dove G-OEWA; Gannet G-BMYP; Jet Provost G-BYED; Lancaster G-BVBP; Lincoln G-APRJ; Luton Minor G-BKHR; Musketeer G-ASJO; Provosts G-AZRE and ’ZRF; Pup G-AXNL; Silvaire G-AKUG; Stearman G-BRHB; Terrier G-AVYK; Lockheed T-33 G-BYOY; Tri-Pacer G-ARDV; Vampires G-BZRC, ’ZRD; ’EBIX; Wilga G-BTNS.
AgCat N8227K to F-GZDJ;
Auster J/4 OY-ECG to D-E---; CAP 20LS HB-MSF to F-GOSL; CASA 212 SE-LDG to N192PL; Cessna 140 N418R to D-EXOB; Cessna 170 N3088A to D-E---; Cubs D-EGMG to N29EG, D-EGZG to SP-KUB, D-EMOT to S-P---; D-EMUG to OY-EEE, HB-ONC to N79731, HB-OXT to F-GOXT; LN-KLT to SE-CMC; Devon G-BLRN/WB531 to D-INKA; EKW C.3605 HB-RDB to D-FOOT; Fokker S.11 OO-MCH to N17FK; Harvards HB-RCP to D-FRCP, C6-125 to D-FWAC; N7465S to D-FFCI; Jodel D.112 HB-SUF to F-PMAB; Jungmeister N35133 to D-EIIV; KZ.VII D-EKOF to OY-DBO; Mentor OE-CCW to N4208F; MetaSokol D-EHOL to OK-BAR; Navion N25TF to SP-KPP; Mustangs N11T to PH-PSI, N5551D to ZK-SAS;
Museums (aircraft received)
Air Atlantique/Canberra T.4 WJ874; Air Museum Planes of Fame/Yak-3U G-BTHD; Australian National Museum/ DC-2 NC13782/A30-9 and parts of Beauforts A9-320 and A9-501; Bournemouth Air Museum/Venom J-1611/
ABOVE Devon G-BLRN was painted to represent D-INKA of LTU in celebration of the airline’s 50th
anniversary, and was giving pleasure ﬂights at the Tannheim Fly-in in July 2005.
YYePG Proudly Presents,Thx for Support
AEROPLANE MARCH 2006
FI N D S • P R O J E C T S •A I R C R A F T• M U S E U M S • AU C T I O N S • P E O P L E
Write to: Aeroplane, Kings Reach Tower, Stamford Street, London SE1 9LS Web: www.aeroplanemonthly.com
G-DHTT, Vampire T.11 XE856 and Chichester-Miles Leopard G-BRNM; Brussels Royal Army Museum/Tiger Moth T6534 ex OO-EVT/ G-AMTP; Delta Airlines Heritage Museum/Stinson SR-8E Reliant NC16181; de Havilland Heritage Centre/ Otter VP-FAK; EAA Museum/ Pitcairn PCA-2 Autogiro NC11609; Fundación Infante de Orleans, Cuatro Vientos/ Polikarpov I-16 ZK-JIN; Imperial War Museum/D.H.9 in exchange for Me 163 191660 to USA; Korean Airlines Collection/ C-121A Constellation N494TW; Malta Air Museum/ Sea Venom XG691; Midland Air Museum/Sea Harrier ZE694; Musee de l’Air/ Mauboussin M.123 F-PCIT (now F-PJKQ), Nord NC.856A 111 and CL.215 F-ZBAY; Prague/Kbely Museum/MiG21UM 9332 and Viggen 56; RAF Museum Cosford/Valiant XD818 from Hendon and F-111F 74-1077; San Diego Aerospace Museum/Boeing FB-5 A7123 and Stinson SM.8A Junior NC416Y; Sinsheim Museum/CL.215 F-ZBBH; Smithsonian UdvarHazy Center Lysander 2346/ N7791; Solent Sky/Walrus W2718/G-RNLI; Speyer Museum/CL.215 F-ZBAR; Tangmere Aviation Museum Hunter F.5 WP190; WrightPatterson for USAF National Museum/B-17F 41-24485.
ABOVE Also present at the Tannheim Fly-in was newly-registered Stearman OE-AWW decorated
with Airmen’s Beans adverts, presumably giving a built-in tailwind!
Lothian opens Concorde Experience (16.3). RCAF Museum, Trenton unveils Halifax A.VII NA337 restoration (5.11). Stadtmuseum Schöndorf unveils Halberstadt CL IV D-71 restoration.
ABOVE A UK register addition, Waco YMF-F5C G-WOCO, was at the Great Vintage Flying Weekend, Hullavington, in May.
IAC161/G-CCCA (13.1); Nakajima Ki-43 NX43JE (21.2); Rearwin Cloudster G-EVLE (9.3); Yak-3 G-BWOE (12.4); Devon “D-INKA” (11.5); Tipsy B OO-EOT (11.5); Sea Fury WG655 (24.5); Grumman Duck N63850 (26.5); Beech Travel Air G-APUB (-.5); Stinson L-5 N57797 (-.5); Po-2 YU-CMY (18.6); Hunter FGA.9 G-ETPS (21.6); Bronco N338RC (-.6); Venom G-DVDM (25.7); Me 262 D-IMTT (15.8); Spartan Three-seater ZK-ARH (8.8); Harvard G-BKWZ (1.9); Foster Wickner Wicko G-AFJB (2.9); Fokker D VIII N111EV (24.9); Hayden Wright Flyer replica (27.9); Dusenberry Wright Flyer replica (-.10).
Recoveries First ﬂights after restoration/rebuild
Stinson 108 F-BFPM (6.12.04); Hurricane R4118 (23.12.04); Spitﬁre Tr.9 P-39Q 44-2911 (11.1); P-47D 42-29150 (13.6); L-19 51-5038 (14.8); B-25C 41-12634 (-.9); Indian Navy Sea Hawk (-.9).
French vintage register
Some older marks indicate previous allocations now taken up Reg Type Remarks
ABOVE Beech C-45G F-BHMM seen at the 1995 RSA Rally, Moulins, has recently been restored but was soon cancelled.
Museums — notes
Deutsches Technik Museum, Berlin, opened 10.6. FAA Museum completes restoration of Corsair IV KD431. Imperial War Museum, Duxford rolls out Swordﬁsh NF370 (24.10) and TSR.2 XR222 (16.12). Italian Air Force Museum, Vigna di Valle, unveils Fiat CR.42 restoration. Liège-Bierset air base, Islander B-11 unveiled (4.6). Museum of Flight, East
ABOVE Among Swiss cancellations was the strange Aeris A-200 homebuilt HB-YIL, a visitor to the 1999 PFA Rally, Cranﬁeld.
F-AZHS F-AZJJ F-AZJS F-AZKE F-AZKL F-AZKT F-AZLH F-AZNJ F-AZOE F-AZOU F-AZOY F-AZPU F-AZPV F-AZPX (1) F-AZPX (2) F-AZRJ F-AZSV* F-AZSZ F-AZTI F-AZTJ F-AZUJ F-AZUT F-AZVC F-AZVJ F-AZXI F-AZYD F-AZYP F-AZZA
Hunter F.58 Mustang Spitﬁre XIX Aeronca C-3 Yak-50 MD.311 Flamant Fournier RF.3 Albert A-110 CAP.20E Harvard CAP.20E Pilatus P-3 SO.1221 Djinn SO.1221 Djinn Aeronca Champion Bearcat Stampe SV-4 Stearman Yak-50 Beagle Terrier Potez 60 Stampe SV-4 Croses B-EC9 Corsair Tri-Pacer Yak-50 Yak-50 Yak-50
To C-GZKY To N8093Z Ex G-CGDK/N219AM c/n A-517 Ex F-BLER Ex F-TFVV/F-BTAI etc Ex F-TFVW/F-BTAE Ex HB-RCC/A-827 Ex F-BHZK Reserved, not taken Ex F-BFPX/OO-TWG To N224RD Ex CN-TUI/F-BDKQ Ex N5367N Ex G-ASAK/WE591 Ex F-PNUJ/F-ANUJ Ex F-BCXJ Ex F-PYBG To USA Ex F-GHXI/PH-RCH
ABOVE Another Swiss cancellation, SIAI S.205 HB-ELL, seen at the 1995 RSA Rally, Moulins, has been sold as N205AB.
*Believed reservation, but became SV-4YD c/n 01 F-PRSV
YYePG Proudly Presents,Thx for Support
AEROPLANE MARCH 2006
FUNDRAISING is now under way to lift Handley Page Halifax B.III LW170 from the bed of the North Sea off the Hebrides, where the 28mission veteran 424 Sqn bomber ditched after a fuel leak while on a weather reconnaisance ﬂight during August 1945. The project is being run by 57 Rescue Canada, the organisation behind the 1995 recovery of the Royal Canadian Air Force Memorial Museum’s Halifax, NA337, from Lake Mjøsa in Norway (see News, January Aeroplane). After a textbook ditching, LW170 ﬂoated for 7hr before sinking into deep water. The co-ordinates of the ditching are known. Over the past year Karl Kjarsgaard, the project manager at 57 Rescue, has spent hundreds of hours researching; the experience gained with NA337 will be invaluable to the recovery of LW170, and the lifting device used in Norway can be re-used. The special sonars required to pinpoint the exact location of the aircraft are available, and estimates are being tendered. After recovery, LW170 will go to the Nanton Air Museum in Alberta, to be displayed close to Avro Lancaster B.X FM159. As part of the fundraising campaign, a painting of LW170 homeward bound after its 26th combat operation on August 1, 1944, has been produced by Canadian artist Michael McCabe, whose cousin died in action as a Halifax tail-gunner. Amazingly, Kjarsgaard has traced 11 crew who ﬂew combat missions in LW170 61 years ago, and has crisscrossed Canada to visit the veterans, who gladly signed limited-edition prints. One of the signatories is Russell
RESTOR ATIONS•REBUILDS•REPLIC A S
Tel: 020 7261 5551 Fax: 020 7261 5269 E-mail: email@example.com
HOPE FOR ANOTHER ‘HALI’ Signed print offer kicks off fundraising campaign to raise another submerged bomber
VIA KARL KJARSGAARD
ABOVE Prints of this painting are being sold to raise funds for Halifax Mk III LW170’s recovery.
Earl DFC, who piloted LW170 into combat 11 times during 1944. Prints are now available, with all funds raised going to the recovery of LW170, which, Karl hopes, will happen during 2006.
■ There are only 500 signed prints, which are available at C$165 including p&p. Each print comes with a letter of authenticity from 57 Rescue and an information sheet listing all signatories and their combat history. There are also
250 unsigned prints priced at C$90. For details on the project, or to order a print, contact Halifax 57 Rescue, Suite 2122980 Colonial Road, Sarsﬁeld, Ontario K0A 3E0; tel 613-835-1748 or e-mail firstname.lastname@example.org.
Lost & Found Anonymous Monoplane
I HAVE HAD this rather fuzzy postcard for many years, but the aeroplane still deﬁes identiﬁcation. There is a possibility that it was photographed in Sussex, and I estimate a date of about 1910–11. It is typical of amateur-built machines which appeared around Britain at the time; it seems a little on the small side for practicality, and structurally weak. The apparent absence of the port aileron and the hanging deep-chord elevators suggest that it is unﬁnished. Like many of these early monoplanes it shows Blériot inﬂuence in its bracing cabane and general structure and conﬁguration. Perhaps a regional historian has come across references to such a machine in a local newspaper. PHILIP JARRETT
FORMER SWEDISH Air Force de Havilland Vampire FB.5 28391, above, was moved in November 2005 from Peter Kempe’s aircraft collection in Gothenburg to a new home near Umeå in northern Sweden, where it will be restored RIGHT Who can identify for us the location of this World before going on display in a museum at Vännäs. War One RNAS Airship Starting in 1946, the Swedish Air Force took delivery of 70 station? Vampire F Mk Is, designated J28A, followed by no fewer than 31 Vampire FB.5s (J28B). The last examples were withdrawn from service in 1968, after which 28931 ended up as a target on a missile test range. It was rescued by Kempe in 1999. Today only ﬁve other J28s survive in Sweden: a J28A at the Swedish Air Force Museum, Malmslätt, with a J28B in storage; two J28Bs at the High Chapparal attraction at Hillerstorp, and another J28B at the Svedinos Flygmuseum at Ugglarp. YYePG Proudly Presents,Thx for Support
AEROPLANE MARCH 2006
ﬁrst reported in our November 2005 issue. No squadron markings were carried. but when they left. enough for a 75min mission. With the other aircraft out of the way. Originally given the red “meatball” to the centre of its national insignia. The bomb load 13 JIM GRIFFIN ROBERT SEIGLER AEROPLANE MARCH 2006 . The navigator/ bombardier was Lt J. 2nd Lt W. USA. Carney. and took off at 0900hr. issued to the 376th Bomb ﬂight. but further training missions until accident report.R. MARK SHEPPARD updates us with details of its history and recovery. on April 4. written two details of the mishap are January 19. 1943. Blakely.) Fallon approached Target No 4 with both bombardiers in the nose and the gunner/camera operator in the tail. 309th BG(M).News Feature KJETIL AAKRA A MITCHELL RESURFACES The latest vintage aircraft to be recovered from a lakebed is a North American B-25C in South Carolina. S/Sgt R. Fallon. The B-25 had 380gal of fuel on board. 2nd Lt K. waiting for another B-25 crew to to complete their bombing practice. the Mitchell was issued to the 12th Bomber Group (Medium) (BG(M)). N TOP A proﬁle of 41-12634 as it looked during 1943. He replaced Fallon’s regular copilot.W. The pilot. which were formed and trained in the USA before going overseas. the base range gave Fallon permission to bomb from 500ft. 41-12634 started its career as a training aircraft for the new medium-bomber units of the United States Army Air Forces (USAAF). and 41-12634 ﬂew patrols off the west coast. By this time the red “meatball” on the national insignia had been painted out. on his ﬁrst B-25 copilot trip.T. LEFT A side-scan image of 41-13634 shows that the starboard engine is missing. part of the Third Air Force. ABOVE The B-25C being lowered on to the dam at Lake Murray in September 2005. R. who was accompanied by instructor bombardier Lt H. and ﬂown to Esler Army Air Base (AAB) in Louisiana. 1943. On March 30. crashed information regarding that on take-off from the auxiliary The bomber ﬂew further ﬂight comes from the crew’s airstrip at Myrtle. and after rollout at the company’s Inglewood factory in California. repaired and returned to Myrtle Beach gunnery range South Carolina. where it was training duties until its last in South Carolina. who was on 24hr leave. Davison. The ﬂight crew consisted of pilot. The B-25 was for Support was involved in an incident atYYePG “On Sunday 4 April 1943 41-12634 was being ﬂown on skip-bombing practice over Lake Murray. “Arriving over Lake Murray. On May 20 the unit was transferred to Stockton AAB in California. armed with a camera to take pictures of the bombing practice.C. and in the right-hand seat Lt R. The unit returned to Esler on June 23. Burns was the gunner on the mission. Fallon circled the target at 2.Thx weeks after the ditching.J. Apai. On September 17 it arrived at Columbia AAB. ﬂying to North Africa via the South Atlantic route. when it Proudly Presents.O. and reveals the plans for its conservation and display ORTH AMERICAN B-25C 41-12634 was the 200th C-model Mitchell to be completed. unknown. it was ready for issue on March 24. Lt G. The Squadron (BS). 41-12634 remained in the USA and was put into storage.000ft. Mascall. and he circled down to 900ft. (The target elevation was 375ft above sea level. In early July the 12th took delivery of 55 new desertpink B-25C/Ds. 1942. 1942.
Thx for Support bad technique. raised the nose. accident report Fallon Fallon released the liferaft. Carney and ﬂying hours.. and after staying “Davison. owner of the lake. Fallon noticed there was no fuel pressure on the port engine. so rather than crash-land into the pine trees. B-25C 41-12630. the accident Fallon had 228 motorboat. Fallon levelled the B-25 out at about 5ft above the Lake surface. He is still alive today. but salvage rights were not pursued until Dr Bob Seigler. but could not ﬁnalise a deal with any museum there. displaying the white engine cowlings of the 81st BS. and that it would be displayed under cover. a media company AEROPLANE MARCH 2006 ALEX ADAIR/12THBOME GROUP ASSOCIATION . Louisiana. and the nose swung to port. Checking the instruments.” JIM GRIFFIN ABOVE A sister-aircraft to the Lake Murray Mitchell. At this time the airspeed was 160 m. “Copilot Davison then warned Fallon that they were rapidly reaching the end of the lake.h. At this power setting Fallon tried to maintain altitude. Seigler eventually found a willing recipient in the Southern Museum of Flight (SMF) based in Birmingham. but after a couple more stopstarts it shut down completely.h. During April 1943 it had quickly been established that the B-25 was irrecoverable. and 41-12634 mushed into the water at 140 m. with the airspeed remaining at 150 m. and with the bomb doors now open. the bomber’s new home. Sadly. and the Mitchell was losing height. Even 60 years later. Five B-25s crashed or ditched into Lake Murray during the war. not being carried over to North Africa. of which 20hr slipped beneath the surface. Seigler originally wanted the bomber to stay in South Carolina. and the practice bombs were jettisoned into the lake before the bomb doors were closed. emergency hatch in the radio of Lake Murray’s Dam. The aircraft with yellow cowlings are from the 82nd BS. and 41-12634 mushed into the water at 140 m. including 32hr aﬂoat for 7min 41-12634 Mascall rapidly exited via the on B-25s. Fallon informed the bombardiers that they would ﬁrst make a dry run to take a look at the target. At the time of a local resident in his the B-25 came to a halt. Two of those accidents saw no loss of life. gently raised the nose. cockpit escape hatch and on were on the B-25C. only 5 per Columbia an investigation members were picked up by Proudly cent being attributed to the faulty port engine. 62 years after the ditching. ﬂies over Louisiana in early 1942. but poor health prevented his attendance at the recovery. but after skidding across the surface 14 ABOVE North American B-25Cs over Esler Field. where 41-12634 was based between June and September 1943.p.h.. four of 41-12634’s crew were to die on active service. but still no fuel pressure was indicated. Fallon levelled the B-25 out at about 5ft above the lake surface. The port engine then unexpectedly started again. was started.p.News Feature ALEX ADAIR/12TH BG ASSOICATION consisted of 12 x 100Ib bombs.p.p. only bombardier Mascall surviving the war. and initiated the booster pumps.h. and the airspeed at 190 m. 12th BG(M). Even so. it was time to raise the aircraft.p. and he advanced the throttles. no recommendations were listed against pilot or crew. At 1045hr Eastern War Time. These colours were used only during training. and the next heading would be 180°. Alabama. South Carolina. The turning starboard propeller violently wrenched the bomber to port. while spot where the Mitchell sank. After a similar lack of success with several other museums across the USA. requested the rights from the South Carolina Electric and Gas Company. its salvage was not going to easy. LEFT The nose of 41-12634 undergoes anti-corrosion treatment in the Southern Museum of Flight hangar at Birmingham. those with red from the 83rd BS. and the plain olive drab-cowled B-25s are from the 434th BS. registering 33in manifold pressure. A US Naval Reserve diving and salvage unit discovered 41-12634 in 1993. and feathered the port propeller. “Carney and Mascall hurriedly vacated the nose. In the Mascall made a note of the to the starboard wing. He then ordered everyone to remove their parachutes and prepare for a water landing. Fallon increased the starboard engine manifold pressure to 42in. His only requirements were that the recovered aircraft was to be a non-ﬂyer. The crew YYePG Presents. Alabama. head of Paediatric ICU at Greenville. Fallon made a shallow turn to starboard. Bob Seigler formed a charity called the “Lake Murray B-25 Rescue Project” with Columbia aviation attorney/pilot John Adams Hodge and Bill Vartorella. with far more advanced equipment. but the other three cost the lives of 13 men. “At 1045hr Eastern War Time. roughly two miles to the west shouldered 95 per cent of Burns escaped out of the the blame for the accident. Just as 41-12634 ﬂew over the target the starboard engine cut out. and copilot Davison released the emergency hatch above the pilot’s compartment. and after reaching agreement on the rights he spent the next 12 years searching for a museum to house the Mitchell.h.” being accused of exhibiting Upon the crew’s return to compartment. but after an attempt to climb the airspeed dropped off and the rate of descent increased. Seigler had heard the story of the Lake Murray B-25C many times. With a ﬁnal home now located.
1. at least in the short term. Alabama. Four 0·5in heavy machine-guns were recovered.000Ib.000 recovery. Three days later. initially to break the bomber’s suction with the lakebed. Alan Renga. On the ﬁrst dive it was noticed that a critical lifting strap was loose. One unique item on 41-12634 is its Bendix ventral turret. John Hodge of the Lake Murray B-25C Rescue Project. The black leading edge is the de-icing boot. ■ Thanks to William Vartorella. seemed to be in danger of breaking away. During this work they discovered a watch that had belonged to the copilot. which had suffered a large vertical gouge on the starboard side. The B-25 was then dismantled and loaded on to a ﬂatbed truck for transportation to Birmingham. Divers had previously removed a foot of silt that had accumulated on the airframe over 62 years. and the programme is due to be screened during February/ March 2006. volunteers spent two days cleaning mud and silt from the bomber with a ﬁre hose. 1943. Alex Adair and Mary Bushnell for all their help. It was decided to lower 41-12634 back down and add additional supports. the lifting recommenced. On September 18 the lift began. fuselage underside and watched as the Mitchell Following its recovery the around the nosewheel bay. there was towards the dam. gloves. Seigler assembled a recovery team of divers. Immediately following the recovery. the team found the bomb-aiming equipment and the crew’s parachutes. The History Channel ﬁlmed the recovery.com owner and scientiﬁc expedition co-ordinator. and the two air-compressed winches were started. anchored over the crash site by four 4. SMF director Jim Grifﬁn stated that it would take seven years or more to restore the B-25C to complete static display condition. Having been carefully located to ensure even weight distribution. gradually emerged from the B-25 was thoroughly When the B-25 veered to water and was gingerly set cleaned. and also recruited warbird recovery expert Gary Larkins. Robert Davidson. RIGHT Copilot Robert Davidson’s watch. riggers and environmental control ofﬁcers. the down on top of the dam.000Ib cement weights. 41-12634 now weighed 43. depending on funding. there was an 0·3in machinegun in the nose. and equipment and port during the ditching. presented to him on March 5. JACK MARTIN JUNIOR JIM GRIFFIN ABOVE The starboard ﬁn and rudder in very good condition. who were used to the depth and low visibility. Although the normal empty weight of a wartime B-25C was a little over 20. The SMF restoration team is currently cleaning and stabilising the cockpit area. Besides the missing then very slowly moved vertical gouge in the fuselage starboard engine. BELOW LEFT The B-25’s rear fuselage outside the museum hangar. clearly showing the serial number. Proudly Presents.000lb of ballast was added in 55gal drums. On the dam. Ben Gilbert. the lake owners and the Institute of Archaeology and Anthropology of South Carolina also collaborated in the $200.WA R B I R D R E C O V E R Y Tel: 020 7261 5551 Fax: 020 7261 5269 E-mail: anthony_harmsworth@ipcmedia. divers were sent down to get a ﬁrst look at its underside. caps and log books. which was often removed in service. lodged behind the instrument panel. To compensate for the absent starboard engine. and to Kjetil Aakra for the proﬁle 15 JIM GRIFFIN JIM GRIFFIN AEROPLANE MARCH 2006 . bounced over the detatched undercarriage fairing. In addition. It was lifted to ABOVE The dual-control cockpit of 41-12634 after it had been cleared of silt in the museum’s hangar at Birmingham. Jack Martin. The present plan is to complete the anticorrosion treatment and. exactly a month before the accident. volunteer cave divers from Florida.000Ib. This is the only surviving example of this unsuccesful and almost useless addition to the Mitchell’s armament. thus ending the recovery team’s custodianship of 41-12634. It was discovered behind the instrument panel. Jerry Jerome. side before the aircraft signiﬁcant damage to the Trafﬁc at the dam stopped. Once the interior had been cleared of silt. BELOW RIGHT The B-25 wing and centre-section on a trailer attract a couple of well-fed members of the broadcasting media. Once this was in place. gradually installed the lifting straps at speciﬁc locations.Thx for Support personal items were starboard engine had The extent of the damage YYePG removed. cutting a 4ft-long seen. the straps were then tied to steel lifting beams positioned over the bomber. put 41-12634 on display in a lakebed diorama to depict its dramatic recovery. owing to the accumulation of silt in the fuselage. Robert Seigler. The recovery team used a sectional barge. the and crowds of onlookers Pratt & Whitney radial engine. on September 21. James Kitchens. JACK MERTIN JUNIOR JIM GRIFFIN ABOVE RIGHT The well-preserved upper turret glazing from 41-12634. The US Military. and the nose section. two from the dorsal turret and two from the ventral turret. sheared off and hit the within 50ft of the surface and to the B-25 could at last be fuselage. After the B-25 had risen 20ft. who oversaw the whole project.
YYePG Proudly Presents.Thx for Support .
much to the delight of the crowd coaxed from the hangars by the sound of the Merlin. even in front of not-always-appreciative audiences. Looking back now. Almost as if by magic. and of course in Korea and Vietnam.com or write to him via Aeroplane Editorial. The next slot was Ray in Spitﬁre MH434. undisputed king of warbird display pilots panache that others could only strive to achieve. Mark. e-mail pac@warbirdguru. the ﬁlm will trace the history of a particular C-47 from the Second World War and the Berlin Airlift to the war in Indochina and beyond in a docudrama style. but he ﬁrmly stamped his mark on aviation involvement in many other ways. RAF Watton (Eastern Radar) and then 12 Sqn Operations at RAF Lossiemouth. HearISee is also looking for aural histories.631 DC-3 variants manufactured in Santa Monica was incorrect. If you can help. We really need more documentaries of this type to further the effort to attract more interested young people. with skill and Aircraft preservation comment and analysis. We will all miss the irreplaceable Ray Hanna. Although he would never forgive me for saying so.655. Judging by the section of script I have seen. ■ MUCH HAS BEEN SAID and written about Ray Hanna’s passing at his home in Switzerland on December 1 last year. totally captivated. Look out for it. as the due time arrived to display. making a grand total of 10.Thx for Support AEROPLANE MARCH 2006 17 . no-one ﬂew a Spitﬁre (and several other warbirds. So I duly stand corrected. who pointed out that my ﬁgure of 10. Saving Private Ryan (1998). ■ PAUL COGGAN joined the RAF in 1973 in the trade of air trafﬁc control. somehow Ray always stamped his personality on a ﬂying display. I hope. and the turns were always smooth and perfectly timed. California. the Merlin sang and I vividly recall how the audience stood. and thank Charles for writing in. ignoring even the colourless commentary as the Spitﬁre touched the peaks and falls of its display. with ﬁlming taking place in London. letters and diaries of airmen associated with the C-47 that might be suitable for use in the ﬁlm. Little of any note had been achieved that day. Paris and Berlin over the next few months. including Steven Spielberg’s Empire of the Sun (1987). in the USA. King’s Reach Tower. Peter is currently looking for pilots and aircrew who ﬂew the C-47. sent me a portion of the script to view. and very interesting it is. against a quintessential Kent backdrop. He has been researching and writing about warbirds for almost 30 years. too. Stamford St. I wonder how many more spectators have this occasion etched in their memory? Not only did Ray set high standards in airshow ﬂying. London SE1 9LS YYePG Proudly Presents. for that matter) quite like “the Master”. always approachable no matter how hard-pressed he was for time. perhaps also to celebrate the aerial contribution of his son. he resigned from the RAF in 1986 to start his own publishing company. However. eyes elevated. The full repertoire of aerobatic manœuvres was held together by the unique skill he had acquired in a very full life as an aviator. including postings to RAF Wittering. David Puttnam’s Memphis Belle (1989) and. if the Hanna family so wish. Entitled Diary of a Warbird. For me the most memorable one was a Classic Fighters event on one stormy summer afternoon. and in truth I had spent most of the afternoon dodging showers. that a permanent memorial will be unveiled at Duxford. After various assignments. in conversation with John Rigby in the pilot’s tent. particularly in the China-Burma-India Theatre as well as on D-Day. another Spielberg ﬁlm. complemented his countless TV appearances in a multitude of different aircraft. with PAUL COGGAN This month Paul brings news of a forthcoming docudrama ﬁlm devoted to the ageless and ubiquitous Douglas DC-3/C-47. ■ TALKING OF AGELESS DC-3s. drop me an e-mail at the usual address and I will put you in direct contact with the producers. ■ To contact Paul. His role as “aerial consultant” for several major feature ﬁlms. Peter Ochs of HearISee Films in Los Angeles. The scene was perfectly still. who so often dazzled the aviation-minded public. a hole appeared in the scud and the aircraft entered its ﬁrst roll straight into bright blue sky and perfect sunshine. I have often seen those who ﬂew the type in anger moved to tears as they watched Ray coax a warbird through its paces in an instinctively planned display. He could turn on a penny. lastly. mainly owing to the inconsiderate weather and low cloudbase.Contact! ■ MY PIECE ON the DC-3 in last month’s Contact! elicited a response from Charles Oman. PAUL VAN DER HORST RIGHT Ray Hanna ﬂying Old Flying Machine Company Spitﬁre LF Mk IXC MH434 at low level over West Malling in 1985. In crystal clear air. It was in fact 961 — 579 civil DC-3s plus 382 military variants — the balance having been manufactured at Long Beach and Oklahoma City. this will be a very different ﬁlm. and reﬂects on the immaculate ﬂying of the late and greatly lamented Ray Hanna. I was most interested to receive news from the producer of a forthcoming documentary on the type. during the Berlin Airlift. time is running out.
for my ﬁtter’s course. The Ki-100. but I was surprised he did not mention the prime reason for its poor single-engine performance.30 held by the Aircraft Servicing Training Flight and kept then at the back of “Hinaidi West” hangar. according to the records of the Damage to Aircraft (DAT) Section at the Proof and Experimental Establishment (P&EE) at Shoeburyness. but sadly not in my experience. and WF441. One mystery which has yet to be resolved (even by Chris Howlett) is that between June 18 and November 9. he became Armstrong Whitworth’s chief aircraft designer and produced the Siskin III. requiring many turns to achieve much in the way of results. I did not realise at that time what a miracle their survival was. nine Washingtons were sent to that establishment from No 23 Maintenance Unit at Aldergrove. well complemented by the cracking scale drawings. the RAF’s ﬁrst all-metal ﬁghter. for left bias one cranked the rather puny handle to the right (or vice versa). December 2005) was a delight. and both are welcome additions to my collection. The aircraft serial numbers (presumably USAF) were unfortunately not recorded. Essex Recalling the Oxford SIR — As I have (mostly) happy memories of the Airspeed Oxford. in December 1964. David Ogilvy’s article thereon (Aeroplane. 1957. Educated at Hanley High School. ’967 and ’968 on August 25. A ﬁrst-line aircraft SEWELL “Buy him a pint and he’ll tell you about the Battle of Britain . He also designed the Whitley longrange heavy bomber powered by two Rolls-Royce Merlins. but by the time I returned to Cosford. Messerschmitt Me 410 Hornisse and Mitsubishi Ki-46-III Dinah were all together in the then No 3 workshops. not only was it very low-geared. the Mosquito. In fact. I gained the impression that all these aircraft were returned to the USA. Whether this is of any signiﬁcance is not known. I believe some later models were improved in this respect. when it was in storage for the Imperial War Museum. ’WZ966. The rudder bias was about the only poor item I recall. the ﬁrst prototype Gloster Meteor. Over the period from mid-1958 to mid-1961. I believe. just up from a St Athan repaint after being “rescued” off the main gate at RAF Yatesbury.Thx for Support AEROPLANE MARCH 2006 18 . The outstanding example of this “just get rid of it” frame of mind was the de Havilland Mosquito NF. had had the same attitude. They had been sent by sea from the USA to London Docks (crated?) and then transported to DAT. viz the ﬁxed-pitch wooden propellers. which has to be one of your best to date. complete with its AI radar ﬁt. I was then an RAF Boy Entrant. WW346 and ’355. but it also worked in the opposite to natural Honouring John Lloyd SIR — Staffordshire University wishes to honour John Lloyd.E. when a passing motorist spotted what it really was. buy him 3. . Joe’s cutaway drawing is a real work of art. had been struck off charge. as there was little or no visible sense of the historical signiﬁcance of any aircraft within the leadership of the RAF at that time. Instead of joining the other historic airframes still at Cosford. This very-low-hours airframe. It brought back memories for me. PHILIP R.1958. Forty years on I still have the same seething sense of frustration. both at DAT and also in 1961 to P&EE Pendine. the sections of six B-29s arrived at DAT. but thereafter they were described as just “B-29”. WF434. ﬂanking the parade square at Cosford. which was most likely the last of its type extant.” YYePG Proudly Presents.Cosford treasures SIR — Congratulations on November’s Database by Joe Picarella on the Kawasaki Ki-100 ﬁghter. where at intervals until the late 1960s they were subjected to trials. The plans were well advanced for the RAF Museum at Hendon by the time I left Cosford for Feltwell to do the equipment phase of my ﬁtter’s course to get to grips with H2S 9A. Gp Capt “Boots” Grifﬁths. the forgotten aircraft designer from Etruria. Rumour had it that the airframe was Yatesbury’s gate guardian. If my boss at Waddington in 1968. U/T Air Radar Mechanic with the 42nd Entry. it had been towed to the other side of the airﬁeld and burned. The two Merlins sat for the next ten years or so in the station scrap compound. They were permanently locked up soon afterwards. by 1964 No 4 workshops had a spectacular new resident. . sense — that is. but that really is another story. too. who attended classes there when it was Stoke Technical School. where his father worked at Shelton Bar. at RAF Cosford. mute testament to the quality of Cosford’s decision makers at the time. Lincoln TONY HILL Burnham-on-Crouch. HARRY LIDDELL via e-mail The Washingtons’ fates SIR — With reference to the very interesting Database on the Boeing B-29 (September 2005 Aeroplane): on reading the section concerning the RAF Washingtons by Robert F. DG202/G. WILLIAMS Dunholme. The ﬁrst sections in June 1962 were described by the ledger-keeper as “B-29A”. as I ﬁrst met the Ki-100 that is now in the RAF Museum back in 1961. Dorr. where I managed to sit in the cockpits of them all one evening. a considerable number of main aircraft sections were sent for trial. painted at the time dark blue and in a poor state. John had to learn English when he came to the Potteries. disillusionment and loss as I did then. 1962. where would Lancaster PA474 be today? On the plus side. It did look wonderful following its restoration. ’435 and ’436 arrived on September 2. Born into a Welsh-speaking family in South Wales. was certainly in one piece when I graduated in June 1962. and he’ll re-enact it.
When the war ended John designed the A. Does anyone really believe that Duxford would be the thriving and expanding centre of excellence in the restoration ﬁeld that it is now if the old aircraft stopped ﬂying? I personally doubt that there would have been sufﬁcient public interest in the museum to justify either the American Air Museum or the AirSpace hangar if it were not for the promise of hearing and seeing old aircraft ﬂying. or just a few museum pieces? SIR — Gerard Casey (Skywriters. a twin-engined bomber that was used as a special transport and gilder tug which dropped paratroops in Normandy on D-Day and towed gliders carrying airborne forces to Arnhem. King’s Reach Tower. as well as Whitley. This simply is not the case.com originally produced in 1990 to commemorate the 50th anniversary of the Battle of Letter of the Month is sponsored by Shepherd Neame’s Spitﬁre Ale Britain and now one of the UK’s best-known beers Write to: Aeroplane. which went to France. Staffordshire University has asked us to evaluate John’s contribution to aviation history. The private subscriptions from the members of restoration societies. not WG777. AEROPLANE MARCH 2006 YYePG Proudly Presents. or email us at aeroplane_monthly@ipcmedia. Without the desire to make it ﬂy again. and in 1942 took part in the ﬁrst 1. Albemarle and A. represented here by a formation of 43 Sqn machines up from Tangmere in August 1930. To do this we need to ROBERT PENDRY Devizes. please contact me. RIGHT. effort. (December 2005) but I would like to make a few points. it would have been lost for ever. via refuelling at Bretigny. See David Martin’s letter. January). who is to be honoured by Staffordshire University. His designs included the Siskin III ﬁghter.2 Database. If ever it is grounded. Few of the wrecks and relics that are now airworthy airframes would ever have been recovered or restored to even static condition under the funding regimes and space restrictions suffered by museums in the UK or worldwide. F. It was F. the sender of the letter StamfordEach Street. these airframes only exist at all because they can and will ﬂy. It ﬂew from Bedford to Cazaux.000-bomber raid on Cologne.52. Does anyone really believe that Robs Lamplough’s lovely “real warbird” P-51 from 1939 to 1942. 127 Close Lane. Our real choice is: do we want both ﬂyers and a few static museum pieces. in common with many other contributors on the subject. The alternative was not to be a static display in a museum: it was to be melted down. or are preserved in a museum.com LETTER OF THE MONTH To ﬂy or not to ﬂy? Miss Helen would ever have been recovered from an Israeli kibbutz playground for any purpose but to ﬂy again? In effect.D. After creating the Whitley. the Whitley played a major role in the RAF’s bombing offensive against Germany and Italy. In a very real sense.D. King’s Reach Tower. 1956.52 ﬂying wing experimental research aircraft used by scientists at the Royal Aircraft Establishment until the mid-1950s. tel 01270 875656 ABOVE Armstrong Whitworth’s chief designer John Lloyd. seems to suggest that there is a clear and easy choice between deciding whether vintage aircraft ﬂy. Without the urge to make these old aircraft ﬂy. the sum total of historic aircraft would actually be a fraction of what it is now.D. A very signiﬁcant proportion of the vintage aircraft now in existence would never have been dragged from lake-bottoms. Wiltshire speak to research scientists who conducted experiments with the ﬂying wing. During the Battle of Britain it attacked Berlin.Thx for Support 19 . London SE1 9LS or e-mail us at aeroplane_monthly@ipcmedia. It is at best doubtful that alternative support would then be forthcoming from public funds or a museum.2 WG774. and money are forthcoming only because of the seductive promise that one day that lovely machine will ﬂy again. the investment by wealthy individuals and by companies that make a business from ﬁlm and TV work with historic aircraft would simply dry up if the only goal was static restoration. jungle crash-sites and kibbutz playgrounds to be lovingly restored and maintained if it were not for the burning desire of enthusiasts to see them ﬂy again. Alsager. London SE1 9LSselected as Letter of the Month wins a generous month’s supply — 36 x 500ml bottles — of Spitﬁre Premium Kentish Strong Ale. the romance will fade and the so will a large proportion of the ﬁnancial support. Silver Birches. Research ﬂights in France with WG774 began on October DAVID MARTIN Heritage Associates. on October 11. month.2-and-fro-ings SIR — Congratulations on yet another splendid issue of Aeroplane.W. If you can help. Stamford Street. and members of the RAF and airborne forces who had links with the Whitley and Albemarle. the thousands of unpaid hours of work by enthusiasts. it had already been scrapped. Does anyone really believe that B-17 Sally B would have such a huge and successful following if it did not ﬂy? It continues to be preserved and funded because it ﬂies. Stoke-on-Trent ST7 2TZ.Write to: Aeroplane. I enjoyed the Fairey F. Lloyd produced the Albemarle.W. The private interest.
I am the Air-Britain specialist for the AEROPLANE MARCH 2006 BOB LIVINGSTONE Brisbane. his life later in an unfortunate accident at Whitchurch.221 due to be released in February 2006 by HPM Publications. I then caught a TAA DC-9 to Brisbane and walked in the front door of the family home for the ﬁrst time in 15 months. 1958 (Sola— Leuchars—Bedford). no change of clothes and no accommodation after the Herc lost an engine in a birdstrike on arrival from Australia and had to have a new engine ﬂown in. or so we heard. removed some of the “ceiling” and disappeared into the upper fuselage armed with just about the biggest screwdriver I had ever seen. ﬂying us by A. However the aircraft depicted is quite clearly a Mk 21P. and by Friday November 9 it had logged 39 experimental ﬂights in 13 ﬂying days. Every time we bought a drink we received change in the most incredible range of foreign coinages. none of which the barman would take back to buy another drink. at least one of those Lloyd International Britannias must have been able to be used as a passenger aircraft. One of our number had already “tapped” Captain Hansen for a ride in this rare bird and we were eagerly anticipating our ﬂight. never saw actual service in the Belgian Air Force and was obtained from the Royal Canadian Air Force in the early 1970s for one symbolic Canadian Dollar. From Butterworth we caught the ferry to Penang (no bridge in those days) and a MAS Boeing 737 to Singapore at our own expense. and not July 1. The heat made this unacceptable. when another Anson landed on top of his Anson. and 38 Mk 31Ms which were serialled S4401 to S4438. to Istres or Cazaux. Queensland. which the RPAF also had in service in large numbers. As a small side note I would like to add that the CF-100 Mk 5 18534. The aircraft were ﬁtted-out for a wide range of duties. The Britannia picked us up from Changi and we stopped over for refuelling in Karachi. as I ﬂew on G-ANCE in December 1970 and January 1971. We disembarked at an icy Stansted on December 13. Belgium Pakistan Freighters SIR — Whilst having my usual enjoyable read of your excellent magazine I noted one caption to a picture in Skywriters (January Aeroplane) that may be slightly misleading. but AX-35. dismay! I was one of the rather privileged ATC cadets employed by the Air Transport Auxiliary as messenger boy/pilot’s assistant (when required). still unconscious. The pilots were Slade and Twiss. This was not without drama either. wearing tropical kit: what a change after a year in Vietnam! The return ﬂight was about a month later in January 1971. It still carried the civil registration G-AGAV. with. and we had to carry him aboard the aircraft when it came time to leave. CF-100 correction SIR — After reading the captions to Personal Album in December 2005’s Aeroplane. and we were ﬂown from Vung Tau to Butterworth by RAAF C-130. I would like to offer the following correction regarding the Belgian Air Force Avro CF-100.D. To set the record straight the RPAF bought 35 Mk 21P Freighters which were serialled G775 to G809.D. The return journey was on July 2. in company with an Aeroplane and Armament Experimental Establishment Hawker Hunter chase aircraft. part of 1 Wing (All-Weather).D. and a real rarity I would think) before they would let us go. and that lack of visas wasn’t going to stop a bunch of battlehardened Vietnam vets. as we were stranded for some days with no money.) The aircraft went instead to Norway on June 5. then Laverton (Melbourne) and ﬁnally to Richmond (Sydney). Australia YYePG Proudly Presents. 1956. and a call came out for anyone whose tour ﬁnished at the right time to ﬁll a Christmas charter from Malaya. It seems that they were thinking of Brits in the Australian Army and they really didn’t know how to handle applications from a couple of Aussies who wanted to go to the UK instead of home after 12 months away.model Herc to Darwin. as I recall. was not allowed by the French. www.RESTOR ATIONS•REBUILDS•REPLIC A S Tel: 020 7261 5551 Fax: 020 7261 5269 E-mail: anthony_harmsworth@ipcmedia. It was returned to Bedford on November 15. 20 . LAURENT HEYLIGEN Beringen.2 in Cazaux. I hasten to add) that the RPAF had 38 Freighter Mk 31Ms. e-mail hm0062000@yahoo. 1956. We trooped back into the bar when the Airport Police drew their guns on us and we realized that ours were back “in country”! The ofﬁcer who had been assigned to watch over this rabble of ORs found that he liked ouzo more than it liked him. 1970. Fairey F.000lb bombs under the wings and several others were converted to insecticide sprayers during a locust plague that caused great crop devastation. based at Beauvechain. At one point it began to “rain” in the HENRY MATTHEWS Author and publisher of: The Saga of F. We also carried him off in Singapore.2 WG777 was last ﬂown on July 13. paratroop and supply dropping and VIP transports. Presently the “rain” stopped and the FA reappeared.com Civil Condor crash SIR — The civil Focke-Wulf Condor (page 78. because the male ﬂight attendant (FA) appeared with a stepladder. The aircraft in the picture is not “18535” as stated. Several were even converted to carry two 1. not two). How do I know all these details? Well. in addition to more normal passenger and cargo carriage. A second French expedition by WG774. It was illustrating Ray Chapman’s fascinating letter on the New Zealand Karakoram Expedition where you printed an excellent photograph of RPAF Freighter G793. You state (quite correctly. January Aeroplane) crashed at White Waltham and I was one of a crowd gathered on the apron who saw the prang. We lost an engine over the Med and had to divert into Athens where we spent 24 hours in the transit bar waiting for another replacement engine. The stage across the sea was ﬂown with the ventral tank ﬁtted. We heard that there was a red-light district just down the road and decided that the airport was too boring to hang around in.2/ BAC. The pilots were Twiss and Jimmy Mathews (one “t”. (The British were willing to let two French test pilots ﬂy the F. On the intake is the 349 Sqn insignia of two crossed “morning stars” (Goedendags in Flemish).Thx for Support ABOVE Lloyd Bristol Britannia G-ANCE. in which Bob Livingstone ﬂew from Singapore to Stansted and back in 1970–71.HPMPublications. Twenty-four ﬂights were made during the Norwegian expedition. 35 of them in fact. and within a few weeks was a civvy again. 1966 (Flight 429). who offered the use of their base in North Africa.com. because all the original Belgian Air Forces examples were sold for scrap after being struck off charge in 1963–64. I was in the Australian Army at the time in Vietnam. Captain Hansen survived only to lose cabin — obviously a known problem. RONALD NEAL Lydd.com MAIN HEADER NEWS MAIN 15. 1958 (Bedford—Acklington—Sola). What rotten luck. It was ﬂown by 349 Squadron. From Singapore the RAAF again came to the rescue. I might add. which is currently preserved in the Brussels Air Museum. This total made the RPAF (later just PAF) by far the largest single operator of the type anywhere in the world. Kent Aussie in a Brit SIR — Re the Database on the Britannia (August 2005 Aeroplane). which is in fact RCAF 18719. We had to have passports issued by the Australian Embassy in Saigon (my ﬁrst. The Condor was painted in usual green/brown camouﬂage with yellow undersurfaces.
ABOVE We now have some answers about this puzzle picture — see text.000ft and I could see both coasts. Lost & Found — Your Replies Avro Info ALTHOUGH WE STILL do not know the event depicted in the study of the group posed in front of an Avro XIX (Lost & Found. It would be good to see what they were up against. near Nuneaton. Was the pilot charged. The Booster is a powered hang-glider that uses 2lit of fuel an hour and you feel like a bird. It is good to see a microlight doing everything a GA aircraft can and much more. In 1964. I got disorientated in cloud and turbulence when I looked down into “the ofﬁce” to reset the transponder. What prompted your career in aviation? It was always inevitable. which served its entire life with the Ministry of Civil Aviation between January 1946 and September 1950. who was CO of RNAS Bramcote (HMS Gamecock).com YYePG Proudly Presents. What do you consider your best aviation achievement? Making it possible for a couple of thousand people to ﬂy safely and cheaply. build and get approval for a four-seater and then go touring with the family.. What has been your worst aviation moment? I had a share in a Rallye and took it from Elstree to Cranﬁeld in bad weather. due to be published as an AirBritain monograph in the not too distant future. Do you hold any aviation records? I suppose you could say making a biplane in three days and ﬂying it on the fourth is some kind of record (on TV’s Scrapyard Challenge).aeroplanemonthly.” Who or what has been the biggest inﬂuence on your aviation career? I think your instructors are always inﬂuential. Gloucestershire. and am in the late stages of writing a history of the type. As the bomber passed over there was a sudden pressure on the top of my head. December 2005 Aeroplane). fast and manœuvrable and the CT2K is a great performer. We got into modifying hang gliders with chainsaw engines! Do you have any unfulﬁlled ambitions in aviation? I would quite like to design. Lance Grainger and aviation artist John Young of Chesham.h. I was about seven at the time. KING British Transport Aircraft Histories 4 Coldhams South. Captain Twiss was a brother of Fairey Aviation chief test pilot Peter Twiss. have all named the “unmistakable” gentleman in the pinstripe suit and bow tie as George Lindgren MP. Harvey Britten. Buckinghamshire (who also identiﬁed the aircraft). It took nine months to learn to ﬂy a hang glider properly and a lot of application and effort as I had to trudge through 50 miles of ice and snow to get there. The Pilcher triplane was fascinating. I would like to hear from any other readers who may have some details they might like to share with me. I started with an absolute dynamo called Howard Edwards. We could probably get the ﬂexwing speed record.k@ntlworld. Luckily I remembered my training and pulled it out. Readers Vardre Holland of Chichester. I wonder? More likely there would be a commendation. DEREK A. Which aircraft from history would you most like to have ﬂown? The Wright Flyer would be such an interesting challenge. the height cannot have been much above 60ft. I doubt whether the Vulcan was doing much more than about 200 m.p. probably equal to about 5–10lb force. I made and ﬂew models and always wondered what it would be like to be in them. When it came over my group I realised why people were so surprised. I was not very impressed with the course. I liked the T. Was there a time when you looked out of the cockpit and thought. but get the underside cleaned up ﬁrst. e-mail derek.com Low blow SIR — The picture of the Conwaypowered Avro Vulcan doing a low pass at Farnborough in 1958 (The Low Down. After doing a high-speed runway pass.21 as it had an open cockpit but I found the closed-cockpit gliders too claustrophobic. but as ground effect dies away at not much more than half wingspan. and indeed unsuspected details of the Freighter in service around the world. probably on the second day of the course in 1978 at Dunstable Hang Gliding School. SUBSCRIBE TO AEROPLANE 21 FRED STARR via e-mail — Call our credit-card hotline on 0845 676 7778 or subscribe securely at www. in his sixties. And what is your least favourite? It has to be the ﬁrst glider I built for Scrapyard Challenge. where Chris trained as a naval air mechanic in 1956. The 172 I have is also good as I can take the family places. believes that the naval ofﬁcer on the left could be Capt F. but held the post for only some 18 months. brought to mind an even more exciting display during the Battle of Britain Day event at Thornaby Aerodrome. on Teesside.Shepherd Neame’s Spitﬁre Ale Letter of the Month is sponsored by Chief designer and test pilot for microlight builders P & M Aviation — and intrepid test-pilot of the 1899 Pilcher Triplane replica in 2003 — Dr BILL BROOKS FRAeS talks to MELVYN HISCOCK about his ﬂying career Flying Visit We should go for more records here with the Pegasus Quik.R. the Vulcan pilot turned off and ﬂew along and just above the line of the crowd for well over half a mile. London. Stability and control had yet to be explored. had drummed it into me with a rolled-up newspaper! What is your favourite aircraft? The trouble is that all good aeroplanes have their charm. has identiﬁed the aircraft as G-AGPB (c/n 1271). It made a great impression on me and I was so envious I designed my own. I looked up to see this tiny wing and thought “How is this possible?” I was just suspended mid-Channel. No doubt some more mathematically-minded reader will be able to work out the height of the Vulcan exactly. My project will contain a wealth of previously unknown. with the remark: “A bit lower next year. the then Lord Lindgren became Junior Private Secretary to the Minister for Transport in Harold Wilson’s Labour government. and spent most of my time driving tractors and heaving cables. West Sussex. Reader Chris Price of Cheltenham. Michael Sullivan of Ealing. I then saved enough money for a hanggliding course. the Quik is lovely. It lasted just a few seconds. When was your ﬁrst solo? In a hang glider. My instructor at Cranﬁeld. that same year. PHILIP JARRETT What is your ﬁrst aviation memory? My dad gave a Frog Buccaneer rubber-powered aeroplane to a cousin. Cambs PE29 1UN. It was directionally unstable. “This is what aviation is all about”? I get that on most ﬂights but as memories fade you need to keep going back and getting more! Recently I was halfway across the Channel between Cherbourg and the Isle of Wight at 6. You know how white shows the dirt. September 2005). who became Labour MP for Wellingborough in 1945 and was appointed Parliamentary Secretary for Civil Aviation in Attlee’s government. reader George Jenks of Cheadle Hulme. Huntingdon. Twiss RN. because one could hear shouts of amazement from spectators further up the line as the Vulcan ﬂew overhead. It was just appalling. Bristol Freighter and Wayfarer.Thx for Support AEROPLANE MARCH 2006 . When was your ﬁrst ﬂight? In 1976 a modelmaking friend and I went on a gliding course. Cheshire.
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YYePG Proudly Presents,Thx for Support
YYePG Proudly Presents,Thx for Support
EVERYTHING YOU EVER WANTED TO KNOW ABOUT AVIATION
How aircraft arresting gears work
RRESTING AN aircraft landing on a carrier deck is a tricky business. Until mirror guidance systems were introduced, machines could arrive over the stern at a variety of speeds and altitudes to be captured and stopped on a short deck. Small wonder, therefore, that arresting gears took more than 20 years of trial and error to evolve. Cross-deck ropes and sandbags, longitudinal wires and undercarriage claws to snare them, simple manhandling to catch aircraft and keep them straight, weights being
lifted up towers, even automotive brakes, were all tried. Finally, in the mid-1930s, deﬁnitive units appeared in the UK and USA, although without any co-operation. These systems saw us through World War Two and are still used today in the US Navy (USN). Designs were based upon hydraulic rams, connected through block-andtackle systems to transverse wires held just above deck level to engage trailing hooks on the aircraft. The requirements for arresting gears are i) To capture the aircraft reliably; ii) To bring it to a stop on the available deck length, 150 to
200ft, without damage; and iii) To enable it to be freed from the gear, which can then be reset for the next arrival. These operations must take the minimum time, for the carrier is at its most vulnerable when holding a straight course and quite probably veering away from the rest of the ﬂeet. Transverse wires, suspended a few inches above the deck on steel bow springs, look after the engagement. Their ends are taken through guide pulleys to the arresting unit suspended beneath the deck, then wrapped around it in the form of a
block and tackle. As the deck span pulls out, a ram is forced up to 20ft into a cylinder, displacing the contained ﬂuid through control valves into a pressurised air-over-ﬂuid reservoir. The further compression in this then provides the resetting facility, through a non-return valve, leaving enough pressure to re-tension the deck wires ready for the next arrival. A typical system diagram is seen below. The control valves are the heart of the gear, and virtually all development effort has been expended upon them. They manage the discharge of the ﬂuid, which in turn governs the pres-
YYePG Proudly Presents,Thx for Support
AEROPLANE MARCH 2006
YYePG Proudly Presents.Thx for Support .
in Worcestershire. As recently as 1985 an unofﬁcial further investigation by the Radar Research Establishment. which soon broke away. The impact of the disaster on H2 S development and delivery to Bomber Command was reduced only by superhuman efforts driven by the imperatives of the time. . three vital employees of manufacturer EMI. including the H2 S O project leader. an ofﬁcer of the H2 S development ﬂight. . These 11 men shared the Halifax with a valuable prototype radar set and all its associated scanning equipment. The resulting crash at Welsh Bicknor from 500ft.Thx for Support ﬂight-test accidents accounted for a total of 30 AEROPLANE MARCH 2005 . Shortly after the aircraft left Defford a tappet locking nut detached in the starboard outer engine and caused a fatigue fracture. ﬁnally accredited the blame to an engine ﬁtter who had failed to lock the vital nut. and everywhere the blue sky belongs to them and is their appointed rest and their native country” — SAMUEL TAYLOR COLERIDGE BRIAN LUFF Think of the Risks . This resulted in an outbreak of ﬁre in the ﬂame trap. This spread to adjacent fuel tanks. 1942. inverted. burning through the outboard wing structure. Handley Page Halifax II V9977 of the Telecommunications Flying Unit took off from its home airﬁeld at Defford. During the ﬁve years of the Second World War. The sky above echoes with almost a century of test ﬂying. looking over the famous “Black Sheds” and down the runway to Laffan’s Plain at the far end. In no time at all a ﬁerce blaze occurred in the supercharger induction casing. N JUNE 7. The aircraft was being used in the most secret trial of a prototype H2 S radar ground-mapping and bombing aid which would help to confer war-winning potential upon Bomber Command’s strategic bombing offensive against Germany. . aided by Rolls-Royce. YYePG Proudly Presents. and a civilian ﬂight test observer. BELOW Halifax II V9977. a senior Bomber Command scientiﬁc liaison ofﬁcer. . which ignited the induction charge. as JOHN MAYNARD reports ABOVE A recent view of Farnborough Airﬁeld from the Farnborough Air Sciences Museum. Aeroplane would like to rectify. which crashed fatally during a radar test ﬂight on June 7. . . was not survivable. and all on board were killed instantly in what was probably the worst aeroplane ﬂighttest accident of all time. No national memorial exists to mark their sacriﬁce — an omission which. 1942. . On board was an RAF ﬂight crew of ﬁve. with the support of readers.TEST FLYING MEMORIAL PROJECT “. faced by generations of test pilots and other ﬂight-test aircrew in furthering the cause of aviation: some 400 of them died on test-ﬂying duties in Britain alone.
Westland test pilot Sqn Ldr P. exaggerated this treatment. the scientiﬁc civil service. A4561. the aircraft industry. navigators and operators of navigational equipment. authoritative biographies and. avid media attention. not least. as well as in the proving of ground-based systems such as ground-controlled approach and other landing aids.F. communication systems and radars. or of regulatory authorities and other recognised aviation agencies. However. 1908. propellers or ancillary equipment of non-British origin.Thx for Support AEROPLANE MARCH 2005 31 . It will also include trials of production aircraft before customer acceptance. ■ Test ﬂying is taken to mean participating in ofﬁcial test programmes with the objective of proving experimental or prototype aircraft. They will include members of the armed services. 1917. after its propeller stopped. and its comparatively brief existence has been exhaustively covered by detailed military and company histories.5 prototype. at Farnborough on November 23. Garner was killed. crashed during an attempted forced landing on October 15. 1947. ■ “Members of ﬂight-test crews” are deﬁned as pilots. A4562. The similarly-powered second prototype. and in other aircraft undertaking trials of new powerplants.E. or one of other national origin under test while the subject of actual or possible acquisition by the British armed services. TF Mk I TS371. Goodden was killed in the second prototype. catapults and deck-landing equipment. Accidents occurring during display ﬂying will not be included unless an experimental or prototype aircraft ﬂying within its test programme is involved. propellers. Casualties in like circumstances have been a sad but inevitable feature of British aviation since S. Aeroplane believes that there is a strong case for drawing up a Roll of Honour of all those who have lost their lives while serving as members of ﬂight-test crews.690 h. propellers and any ancillary equipment. More difﬁcult may be the application of the criteria we have proposed to the circumstances of each individual incident. armament specialists and craftsmen undertaking speciﬁc tasks on structures. Aviation has been accorded the status of front-page news. from Farnborough on October 16. powered by a 2. radio and radar operators. Cowdery (“Cody”) made the ﬁrst powered and sustained ﬂight in the UK. and numerous other organisations associated with the pursuit and understanding of the science of ﬂight. We do not underestimate the many difﬁculties likely to be encountered in the course of transforming this proposal into reality. if anything.TEST FLYING MEMORIAL PROJECT some 219 deaths among aircrew. TS375. scientists and tradesmen who were test ﬂying while courageously serving their country in the armed services.J. As the 100th anniversary of Cody’s pioneering ﬂight approaches. when it suffered an in-ﬂight structural failure. BELOW The Westland Wyvern naval ﬁghter claimed the lives of several test pilots. This is the ﬁrst prototype. systems. So who will qualify for inclusion? These are the proposed criteria: ■ Members of ﬂight-test crews on ﬂights in experimental or prototype aircraft. The same qualiﬁcation will apply to the testing of engines. ■ In the context of this proposition a ﬂight-test accident is one occurring in an aircraft of British manufacture. Rolls-Royce Eagle. of the scientiﬁc civil service. to fulﬁl either standard airworthiness requirements or speciﬁc test objectives and investigations within a deﬁned programme. Indeed. on January 28. 1916. Ofﬁcial programmes covering the testing and evaluation of enemy aircraft are also within the terms of this proposal. the establishment of an exhaustive and accurate listing should not prove an insurmountable hurdle. or by British airlines. British aviation is not yet 100 years old. in the ﬁrst ﬁve years of peace following the Second World War a further 88 men and women died in test-ﬂying accidents. control systems. YYePG Proudly Presents. ABOVE Royal Aircraft Factory test pilot Frank Goodden in the cockpit of the ﬁrst S. of British-owned airlines and aircraft manufacturing or equipment companies. ﬂight test observers. or equipment. engines. and the occurrence of two world wars during the ﬁrst century of ﬂight has. engineers.p. Accordingly. armaments.
With this in mind we propose to invite a committee to assist the process of listing and to ensure overall consistency. interactive displays and essence of test ﬂying and features unique footage from the Farnborough space technology. development carried out by the Royal Aircraft Establishment. Unsworth. Editor’s Note Are you keen to support the Test Flying Memorial Project? Send your comments to me. so that an indication of support can be obtained. is now restoring them in a £20 incident million project. sustained and controlled ﬂight — made by Cody over Laffan’s Plain on October 16. King’s Reach Tower. and possibly to make the listing available for review via the internet. FAST’s efforts led to the ■ Early deck trials — hazardous and at times unsuccessful listing of four key historic buildings before the site was sold by the ■ Vickers Wellington engine testbed trials Ministry of Defence in 1999. It has also been suggested that perhaps a simple memorial should be placed nearby. It has also been suggested that a simple memorial should be placed nearby” the process of listing can begin. Once the listing is ﬁnalised (we have in mind a target date of January 2007). with an This special DVD. More recently. Space Sciences Centre of international cultural importance. 1908. demolition.uk. present and future of this world famous site. engineer core of the former Royal Aircraft Establishment — from wholesale and chief test pilot all rolled into one. this is a up a museum which is open to the public. a ﬁfth building was added and ■ John Cunningham breaking the altitude record in a Vampire the two main windtunnels were upgraded to Grade I. Helped by SAVE Britain’s Heritage and others. 1950. eventually setting Farnborough Air and phenomenal footage.TEST FLYING MEMORIAL PROJECT “The Roll of Honour will be kept at the Farnborough Air Sciences Museum. which will be kept and maintained up to date for public display at the Farnborough Air Sciences Museum. ABOVE The three-man crew of Cierva Air Horse VZ724. test pilot Sqn Ldr F. Each entry will include details of the date and place of accidents and of the aircraft type involved. please send a cheque to Farnborough Air Sciences Trust. Trenchard House. or YYePGTrust Proudly Presents. looking down the runway towards Laffan’s Plain or framing the sky above it. write to the address in the Editor’s Note above. were killed when the machine broke up and crashed on June 13. and Geoffrey de Havilland. test pilot Alan Marsh and ﬂight test engineer J. Samuel Cody. We intend also to publish copies of various versions for public sale. once the project is under way. 32 AEROPLANE MARCH 2005 . Given a generally favourable reaction. FAST is Registered Charity No 1040199 FREE with About the DVD next month: Test Flying DVD* (*UK issues only) About Farnborough Air Sciences Trust THE IMPORTANCE of test ﬂying has been pivotal throughout aviation FORMED IN 1993 to save Farnborough’s historic Main Factory Site — the history. 85 Farnborough Road. “Jeep” Cable. Farnborough Air Sciences Trust (FAST) saw a unique attracted a range of colourful characters including the Wright Brothers.1127 testing and a Harrier demo-ﬂight owner of the site. and it is hoped to put them back into commercial ■ Buccaneer testing and early deck-landing trials operation. The project is still in its earliest stages. It is our aim. thus linking the past. and this may well include information submitted by readers to amplify ofﬁcial accident records. FAST also saved priceless artefacts and archive material as Including interviews. Editor. The new ■ Bill Bedford recalls Hawker P. Michael Oakey. It would carry a tribute and dedication. recollections Royal Aircraft Establishment departments closed down. Farnborough. surviving historic buildings would be Air Sciences Trust ﬁlm archive which covers much of the research and used. captures the evolving exhibition featuring ﬂight simulators. London SE1 9LS. Aeroplane. produced for Aeroplane by Amity Media. but if you would like to make a donation towards the production of the Roll of Honour and an eventual monument.Thx Support absolutely FREE with the next issue. to publish periodic progress reports. Stamford St. opportunity to revitalise the birthplace of British aviation as an Air and Frank and Harold Barnwell.J. Make the cheque payable to Farnborough Air Sciences Trust. work will begin to produce a high-quality manuscript Roll of Honour. fraught with danger. Our intention is to open the completed Roll of Honour for display at Farnborough exactly 100 years after Britain’s ﬁrst powered. The task.airsciences. Sciences DVD you will want to keep — and it is Forfor more details see the FAST website at www. Where possible. Hants GU14 6TF. Many of the early pioneers had to be aircraft designer. putting them on a ■ Eric “Winkle” Brown making the ﬁrst deck landing in a jet aircraft par with Jodrell Bank Radio Telescope and Coventry Cathedral. The Editor would greatly appreciate readers’ comments and opinions on all aspects of this proposal.org. Slough Estates plc. but please clearly mark it (and the envelope and any covering letter) “Test Flying Memorial Project”.
both day and night. remarkable ﬂights made at Readville. so much so that. from The Aeroplane of March 1 1916. Commandant of the Werribee Flying School. but on descending was unable to get out of the machine. The squadron has already been provisionally organised in Australia. Attached to the RFC A TOUCHING LITTLE STORY is being circulated. the well-known liquid glue.” A New “Battleplane” IN DECEMBER last year. was capable of aerobatics — but presumably without the gunners at their stations! A Further Case of Dope Poisoning AN INQUEST was held at Peterborough on March 7 on the death of John Steels. and the Council calls upon the Government to take immediate measures for providing adequate and effective defences. doubtless caused by tetrachloride. which exploded in various parts of the town. with the added advantage that the two guns can be concentrated forward. The superintendent of the doping department said that dope containing tetrachloride of ether had been in use since last July and medical evidence deposed that death was due to toxæmic poisoning of the liver. with a primitive gun turret mounted on each wing. that a full and impartial investigation is called for into the circumstances under which any attempt at resistance proved so completely futile. unlike some of the ﬁghters being used at the front now. Perhaps the most imporatnt feature of this new battleplane is that. This will include 28 commissioned ofﬁcers and 186 men. employed in the doping department at an aeroplane factory in that town. and that such defences shall be in instant readiness. this Council protests against the defenceless state in which the persons and property of the inhabitants were found to be. Evidence was given which showed that thoroughly adequate precautions had been taken by the proprietors of the factory. and that they succeeded in leaving without injury. He ﬂew for the prescribed period and executed several loops in complete safety. are placed out on the wings. There are many novel features on the company’s new machine.8s of 3 Sqn. revealed to the public for the ﬁ rst time that a notable development in aviation had quietly been made by the Sturtevant Aeroplane Co. effective ﬁghter by the novel idea of placing a gun turret on either side of the fuselage. it is stated. by one of the US Army expert aviators. but that apparently the deceased had increased the risk entailed in common with other men by taking his meals in the doping shop without the knowledge of his employers. The constructor refusing to have the woodwork cut away. aged 63. under the direction of Mr Grover C. with an excellent clear view ahead and below and a range for gunﬁre on all sides. The single-motor tractor that has been puzzling aviation experts is made into a simple. have actually been performed with this machine to the satisfaction of expert ﬂiers. BELOW The Australians did indeed make it to the Western Front. The aircraft. Massachusetts. despite its huge size and great weight. for the authenticity of which one is unable to vouch. the unfortunate pilot was compelled to leave a portion of his clothing behind. It is to the effect that a certain pilot engaged to test a new machine found at the last minute he had mislaid his safety belt.E. AFC. and the next morning there was a new customer in the aviation department of YYePG Proudly Presents. are at Prémont in 1918. AEROPLANE MARCH 2006 33 . under the command of Colonel Reynolds.Thx for Support Messrs Robinson & Cleaver in Regent Street. to repel hostile attacks either by air or by sea. the Lowestoft Town Council passed the following resolution: “That in view of the fact that about 11 o’clock in the forenoon of Sunday. These turrets. AN OFFER made by the Australian Commonwealth of a complete squadron for the Royal Flying Corps has been accepted by the War Ofﬁce. this machine is an extremely good ﬂyer. the most difﬁcult manœuvres. Loening.Compiled by Nick Stroud Looking Back 90 Years — March 1916 A Public Protest ON FEBRUARY 21. ABOVE The Grover Loeningdesigned 50ft-span Sturtevant “Battleplane”. including its steel construction and the placing of gun turrets on either side of the central body. including looping and side tumbling. he placed on the seat of the machine a little Croid. A verdict in accordance with the medical evidence was returned by the jury. These R. The aeroplanes. German aircraft were able to visit this town and to drop at least 17 bombs. it was claimed. An Australian Squadron ABOVE An advert for “The Hendon” ﬂying coat. which is now being used so largely by aircraft manufacturers. Not caring to lose time by searching for it. former Aeronautic Engineer of the US Army. in each of which a gunner/observer is located. will be sent from England.
undertook stalling trials at RAE Bedford. Dizzy worked on the Jet Provost.Thx for Support craft with John Farley at RAE Bedford.126 research airYYePG Proudly Presents. and in 34 AEROPLANE MARCH 2006 .126 research aircraft on which Dizzy. During this period he ﬂew a Hawker Sea Fury from the UK to Malta in just over three hours. Cosford. He later served with 173 Squadron. BELOW The bright yellow Hunting H. close to today’s airline times. On one occasion. he served in the Far East for a year until July 1946 with Nos 110 and 84 Squadrons on Mosquito FB. he parked some way from dispersal and was walking towards the Mess when the base captain drew up alongside in his car and bellowed “Airman.4. 1957. S REPORTED BRIEFLY in last month’s Aeroplane. he is seen here in a T. Desmond Gerald “Dizzy” Addicott died suddenly on December 10. 2005.6s before return to the UK and promotion to Flight Lieutnant in November 1947. Addicott was not known as a happy person. he performed stalling trials on the Hunting H. Ten years later. a type which became his favourite. until leaving the Service on September 2. he joined the Royal Navy as a civilian ferry pilot. Commis- A sioned as a Pilot Ofﬁcer in June 1943. with John Farley. After doing his ﬂying training and gaining his wings. and was nicknamed Dismal Desmond — which became “Dizzy” when he joined the RAF in 1941. soon to become Hunting Percival. a ferry unit with Varsities. he was sent to Canada as an instructor on types from ab initio to the Mosquito. It is preserved at the RAF Museum. On demob. Becoming a senior test pilot at Luton with Percival Aircraft. “Yes sir”. a job which he said was his most interesting because of the opportunity to ﬂy many different types of aircraft. aged 83. some before their introduction to Service. working on the Jet Provost. get off my ship!” — to which Addicott replied.OBITUARY 1922–2005 “Dizzy” Addicott VIA JANEY ADDICOTT JONES ABOVE Dizzy Addicott was a senior test pilot at Luton in the 1950s. saluted and leapt backwards on to the grass shouting “SPLASH!” It was his last visit to that station. on a ferry ﬂight to a naval base. At school. which had ﬁrst ﬂown in June 1954.
In June 1969 Addicott made the ﬁrst ﬂight of VAFA Vickers Vimy replica G-AWAU from Brooklands and subsequently ﬂew it to the Paris Air Show. ARTHUR GIBSON VIA RICHARD HITCHINS MICHAEL OAKEY AEROPLANE MARCH 2006 CLIFF KNOX 35 .h. front row. but died of an for their help in the prepaneurism en route. Addicott realised that car projects were holding back his ﬂying career and returned to test ﬂying. This also involved ﬂying for ﬁlms.H. Aircraft and Flying Between times.125s. In the mid-1980s Addicott taught pop star Gary Numan to ﬂy. Dakota. Peter McMillan. Back row. more than a decade port lower wingtip. Vimy. Hendon. owned by a student in Leicester. Alcock and Brown’s 1919 transatlantic ﬂight in Dizzy Addicott. he was to witness it landing at Clifden. The following month. S. South Africa. Addicott ﬁlmed it. 2005. various World War One replicas (Pfalz D III. Here it is seen the sun at Manchester/Ringway Airport.ABOVE The rollout of VAFA Vickers Vimy replica G-AWAU in 1969.5) for The Blue Max and the B-17 and B-25 camera aircraft for the for the 1989 remake of Memphis Belle. Experience with the Vimy proved invaluable when Addicott assisted with the ﬁrst ﬂight of Peter McMillan’s Vimy replica NX71MY in Cali. Peter Hoar.. he was soon to pilot the aircraft on its ﬁrst ﬂight. Julian Temple. and the Dart Mini was shown at the 1964 Racing Car show. BELOW RIGHT Dizzy inspects the preserved differential throttle control of Alcock & Brown’s original transatlantic Vimy in Clifden. After several driver and inventor. The project eventually moved on. later. 2005. Many will have memories of Addicott’s seemingly inexhaustible supply of anecdotes (much of his repertoire was totally unprintable). painted to represent a Mitsubishi Zero. Dizzy ﬂew Viscounts. B-17. ﬁrst with BAC and then as an air display pilot. BELOW LEFT Six Vimy pilots later. Mosquitoes for Mosquito Squadron. caught ﬁre. from left: John LaNoue. Addicott was a keen racing Association. Other jobs included ﬂying a Fairchild C-119 at Manston for Mike Woodley of Aces High. Addicott ﬂew a number of types on the display circuit including the Gunbus. with whom he had a great association since he had brought a Cat back to the UK from ■ Thanks to Janey Addicott Jones. later moving to the company’s communications ﬂight on Doves. George Smith and David Lockspeiser. and the latter became well-known on the airshow circuit with his Harvard G-AZSC.OBITUARY 1966 made the ﬁrst ﬂight of a Vickers Gunbus LEFT In 1966. after its re-enactment of from left: Mark Rebholz. Later rebuilt. the hands of Mark Rebholz and Steve Fossett. and is under restoration in Japan. Jeremy Palmer. validation in the Weybridge wind-tunnel suggested that it could reach 148 m. Vanguards. but surprisingly the Dart survived. at the wheel of his car on aration of this obituary YYePG Proudly Presents. Fokker Triplane. the Gunbus was car based on a damaged Minivan which was retired to the RAF Museum. On production test ﬂying. Valiants and One-Elevens. Dick Richardson recalls that when he visited Popham as guest speaker at The Spitﬁre Flying Club he signed the visitor’s book as “British — NOT European” under nationality! No doubt many of these anecdotes would have featured in his meetings with the Catalina Society. Dizzy (in suit) is standing by the fornia during 1994 — and. while it was standing in ABOVE Dizzy ﬂew Catalina G-BLSC at a number of airshows from its Duxford base. and among the types were a Junkers Ju 52/3m for Dirty Dozen: The Next Mission. He designed the DART (Dizyears on the display zy Addicott Racing Team) Mini Special racing circuit. in summer 2005.p. Ju 52/3m and. the Vimy is now in the RAF Museum. Dizzy made the ﬁrst ﬂight of this Vickers replica built by the Vintage Aircraft and Flying Gunbus replica built at Association (VAFA) at Brooklands to celebrate Brooklands by the Vintage the centenary of the Royal Aeronautical Society. It was built for him by Hendon. and the Fleet Air Arm’s rotary-engined Sopwith Pup replica for air-to-air photography. Ireland.E. purchased for a ﬁver. on July 3. gathered together at the Aeroplane /Brooklands Museum Vimy Night in March 2001. Catalina. the Lockheed T-33. Herons and D.Thx for Support the M11 near Stansted. the Vimy in RAF Coastal Command colours but lacking the side fuselage blisters typical of the type. He was on his way to a Society Peter Baker and Peter Hoar meeting on December 12. Ireland.
special offers.Thx for Support . please include your email below Email: Date of Birth: D D ■■ M M ■■■■ Y Y Y Y ■■ Choose from 3 easy ways to pay: 1. (inc.00 (save $10. Originator’s identification – 764 221 A/C Name of bank: Address of bank: Postcode: Account holder: Account No: Sort code: Please pay IPC Media Ltd. published by IPC Media Ltd (IPC). product and service information and online market research questionnaires. for £/$/€ 2. ■ IPC may occasionally pass your details to carefully selected organisations so they can contact you by telephone or post with regards to promoting and researching their products and services.55) ■ Europe 1 year €73. civil and military aircraft ■ Guaranteed direct delivery to your door every month ■ FREE postage and packing Date: All subscriptions will begin with the first available issue. FREEPOST CY1061. RH16 3BR (NO STAMP REQUIRED) Overseas: Aeroplane Subscriptions.10) (save £6. fax +44 (0)1444 445599 or email: email@example.com) ■ USA 2 years $168. RH16 3FS UK (PLEASE AFFIX CORRECT POSTAGE) Yes! I would like to subscribe to Aeroplane ■ UK 3-monthly Direct Debit £7.85 (save $42.45 (save €32. West Sussex. area code): If you'd like to receive emails from Aeroplane and IPC containing news. Haywards Heath. The offer closes 31st March 2006. West Sussex.90 (save £24.95 offer is only available to UK Direct Debit subscribers. Or please debit my: ■ Mastercard ■ Visa ■ Amex ■ Switch/Maestro Card No.26) ■ Europe 2 years €131. details will be passed electronically to my Bank or Building Society. I understand that this Instruction may remain with IPC Media Ltd and if so. Pay by Direct Debit Simply complete the Direct Debit instruction. Please tick here if you prefer not to hear from us. I enclose a cheque/international money order made payable to IPC Media Ltd. ■■■■■■■■■■■■■■■■ ■■■ Expiry Date: ■■■■ Card Issue No/Start Date: ■■■■ Signature: (I am over 18) (Switch/Maestro) 3.40) ■ UK 2 years £68. Aeroplane and IPC would like to contact you by post or telephone to promote and ask your opinion on our magazines and services. Direct Debits from the account detailed on this Instruction subject to the safeguards assured by the Direct Debit Guarantee.com Aeroplane. Please allow up to 8 weeks for delivery of your first issue. ■ NEVER MISS AN ISSUE OF AEROPLANE 36R ✂ YYePG Proudly Presents.95 ■ Rest of World 1 year £55. plus enjoy all these great benefits: ■ Huge savings on every issue ■ Superb features on fighters.10 (save £17. will collect your personal information to process your order.50) ■ USA 1 year $95.25) Mr/Mrs/Miss/Ms: Surname: Address: Forename: Post/ Zipcode: Country: Home Tel.Complete this form and send it with your payment to: UK: Aeroplane Subscriptions.20 (save £6. Offer only available to new subscribers and the £7.00 (save 25%) ■ UK 1 year £36. For enquiries please call +44 (0)845 676 7778. PO Box 272. Haywards Heath. Signature: ■■■■■■■■ ■■ ■■ ■■ Subscribe to Aeroplane today and SAVE up to 25% by Direct Debit.90 (save €8.20) ■ Rest of World 2 years £97. Please tick here if you prefer not to be contacted.
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made payable to IPC Media Limited Powered by the same engine as the Skua.91 include UK p&p.The Photographic Archive P I C T U R E O F T H E M O N T H NICK STROUD selects this month’s picture for readers Please send me the Total £ Size Qty Price VAT @ 17·5% Blackburn Roc print(s) HILE OTHER PAGES in this issue feature the £11. the last two being withdrawn in August 1943.81 £10. BrisOR please debit my tol Perseus XII. a far more typical ﬁghter of the era was £24. We may pass your details to other reputable companies whose products and services may be of interest to you.75 £1. Prices 10in x 8in early development of Supermarine’s superlative £12. Stamford St. Address This month’s photograph shows a trio of Rocs up from RNAS Donibristle in Fife in November 1939.90 £3. (“IPC”) will collect your personal information to process your order and to gain a better understanding of our magazine readership.56 16in x 12in £20. I enclose Spitﬁre. developed GRAND TOTAL (Please add £2 for overseas p&p) £ the amount of £ from the same company’s earlier Skua ﬁghter/dive bomber. 2006 W AEROPLANE MARCH 2006 We may send you details of our magazines and services. a photocopy of this form is perfectly acceptable.90 £1. .46 7in x 5in £9. Aeroplane Photographic Archive. simply ﬁll in and return the If you prefer not to cut up this page. Along with the RAF’s turret ﬁghter. the December 23. the Roc could Expiry date / Signature not compete with other contemporary ﬁghters with ﬁ xed forward-ﬁring guns and/or cannon. Please tick here if you prefer not to receive such offers. For your own copy of this splendid portrait of an often forgotten British Postcode World War Two-era ﬁghter. the Roc prototype made its ﬁrst ﬂight on credit card. Please tick here if you prefer not to hear from IPC. and gradually faded out of Mr/Mrs/Miss/Ms service. London SE1 9LS. to acquire from Aeroplane’s 70.66 a cheque/postal order for the Fleet Air Arm’s Blackburn Roc.Thx for Support adjacent coupon. IPC Media Limited.p. King’s Reach Tower. the Boulton Paul Deﬁant. publisher of Aeroplane YYePG Proudly Presents. the 890 h. Offer closes: March 31. 1938.000-strong archive of original glass-plate photographic negatives AEROPLANE PHOTOGRAPHIC ARCHIVE ORDER FORM Send to: Picture of the Month (March 2006). the type entering frontline service with details are as follows: No 806 Sqn FAA at Eastleigh in February 1940.71 specified at right.
aware that just 200 conscripts were accepted for pilot training each YYePG Proudly Presents. and listed fascinating aeroplanes of the era whose names even now come more readily to my mind than those of my grandchildren. Stories of their experiences. when he was called up for National Service. and of the heady excitement of the ﬁrst days of jets and the challenge of the sound barrier. and hugely enjoyed its style. he previously spent many happy hours ﬂying with the RAF and BOAC. He kindly agreed to meet me subsequently and let me write about his early career in aviation. in November 1950. and provided an endlessly varied diet for aircraft recognition. and waiting ambulances hurtled off around the perimeter track to meet them. My wife and I were invited to a reception at the House of Commons to celebrate progress on the Battle of Britain London Monument. aerial combat appeared far more clinical and detached from the detritus and discomfort of land battles. Unsurprisingly he chose the RAF and volunteered for aircrew selection. both of whom had fought on the Western Front throughout the First World War. North Weald and Hornchurch ringed the City to the north. battle damage often being evident as the great aircraft passed low overhead on ﬁnal approach. Busy aerodromes abounded. in an exclusive interview with JOHN MAYNARD. and shared in the dominant interest in aviation that marked the decade. He was just a year or two older than me. Lord Tebbit I N MID-1986 I read in the humorous magazine Punch a brief autobiography encompassing Norman Tebbit’s ﬂying years. Northolt. When the war ﬁnally came. to be unveiled on the Embankment in September 2005 . Hatﬁeld. Sometimes red ﬂares were ﬁred to indicate they had seriously wounded men aboard. he reveals the continuous thread of aviation interwoven through his life’s tapestry OPPOSITE Specially commissioned for this feature. precision and gentle humour. whence Boeing B-17 Flying Fortresses of the United States Army Air Forces’ Eighth Air Force launched many of their daylight attacks against Germany. progressing from the awful winter blitz of 1940/41 through a number of only slightly less frightening and damaging onslaughts to the wholly indiscriminate arrival of ﬂying bombs and rockets as the ﬁghting approached its climax in 1944. Lord Tebbit spent his early youth in north London in the 1930s. Peace returned as he embarked on the ﬁ nal stages of his school career. He left full-time education when he was 16 and joined the Financial Times as a trainee journalist. Ofﬁcer Cadet Tebbit in the last moments before being commissioned.FROM PILOT TO POLITICIAN Pilot Biography Although most readers will associate Lord Tebbit with the cut-and-thrust of politics and government. which were only very occasionally related to the young Tebbit. On the other hand. Although Norman was evacuated to Cardiff during the Battle of Britain. Lord Tebbit is a patron of the Battle of Britain Historical Society. The awfulness of the war was very apparent there. I decided that this was a man I would like to meet. Derry and Cunningham. closely mirrored my own. He also remembers cycling with his grandfather to Bassingbourn. whose inspiration it was to erect the monument. He recalled the names of great pilots such as Duke. After call-up and arrival at Padgate he 64 AEROPLANE MARCH 2006 . RIGHT Dressed to kill on the morning of the Wings Parade. Radlett. convinced him that he had no wish to ﬁght as a soldier. he was in London at the time of subsequent attacks and drew much satisfaction from later reports of Bomber Command’s massive nightly response. and he hosted this occasion. Zurakowski. and his schoolboy recollections of wartime skies brim-full of aeroplanes. Hendon. and last year I got my chance. London soon fell victim to air raids. this portrait of Lord Tebbit was taken by IAN FRIMSTON/ SIGMA at the House of Lords in June 2005. working hard to make his mark until his 18th birthday. Such considerations further promoted his interest in aviation.Thx for Support year. Here. The prospect of another conﬂict with Germany profoundly depressed his father and uncle.
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When a ﬁre tender and passed the physical examinations. were the regular Thursday-morning reports to the Wing only jet-propelled aircraft in squadron service Commander Admin. returning miserably to square. that others seeking less-energetic amusement One stayed in the air force and retired a group might just as well make use of the Service trans. ‘you would ground at Padgate with other recruits when he have seen it was marked FF for Fairford. All three of us who startfree Wednesday afternoons. Noticing my hesitsoon on their way to Wittering for initial train. lumbering but friendly” Percival Prentice. I had been away a bit too long.sive. hoping to make a discreet getaHornchurch for the aircrew selection process. however mis.than BF . he was asked: “Tebbit. then the the instructors did not know a great deal more last operational grass airﬁeld. describes as “character forming”. Accordingly we moved to an alternative. and was sneaking around the pewent with a handful of hopeful young men to rimeter track. He on for eight years! Since he wanted to be a pilot asked me why I hadn’t looked at the signal and eight years seemed a lifetime to an 18-year. ‘Can you get out of both?’ ‘Yes. Cranwell. He was not over-impressed: ‘Had you A week or two later he was on the parade looked at the signal square. for Blakehill Farm. A few days later. Less auspicious phoned Blakehill from Flying Control and my was the pronouncement that there were no va. agile and responyou and did in fact take place?” A less-than-con. South Cerney was not much fun in the winter. or lowering the ﬂaps. lumbering but friendly beast. sir. RAF College.tankage. the apti. At that time Soon they moved to South Cerney. and the ing training on the Percival Prentice. One had to resort to rocking the stick and the throttle in unison.was greatly improved and there was a fourcalls.thing that can happen?’ ‘Spin or spiral dive. the gunsight ice’s ﬁrst side-by-side trainer. There Cadet Tebbit soon acquired a reputa. perhaps proving that initiative. would you be able to assure me that all affection by all who ﬂew them — the Vampire as these sports ﬁ xtures were genuine. but with all this in mind we used to climb up to about 10.’ ‘Then certain outspoken bolshiness. Barry Byrne.craft types in the circuit that I was at the right bashing at Padgate.captain.’ I tion for having a mind of his own. the Serv. so ﬁnally I made it back to base and an crew specialities required the candidate to sign interview with the Wing Commander Flying.Thx for the Support ly more difﬁcult toYYePG regain normal ﬂ ight with high-speed dives in marginal visibility. “Spinning needed to be executed with care channel radio. when he had just begun to train on the Gloster Meteor. what is the worst ing. heavy and somewhat unresponsive controls. A little dangerously low endurance without external later Cadet Tebbit became Corporal Cadet Teb.” Lord Tebbit re. when I got a ﬂat tyre. way. True. for the start of ﬂy. To harness this let’s get into a loop.) would take me into thick cloud and say: ‘Now Amazed at their good fortune.FROM PILOT TO POLITICIAN ABOVE Norman Tebbit began his RAF ﬂying training on the “stodgy. “It was a Meteor cockpit was almost indistinguishable stodgy. Pilot Ofﬁcer Tebbit poses for his portrait in December 1950. . so he compiled in Canada. This still caught out six the spin ﬂattened and it became progressive. so when I saw what I thought was the airﬁeld.ancy he would add: ‘Now. Soon after landing I realised that I was at the wrong airﬁeld.from that of a 1940s ﬁghter. Tebbit. but Barry been interested in almost any option. Need I say more?’ quarters. and I’ve had a good life too!” an entirely spurious ﬁ xture list for them. and there were Harvards and Prentices in the circuit. I always had to think to establish what was happening and then react accordingly. and I said I had been satisﬁed by the airold. and that training for other air. ﬂying from there on a cross-country detail. arranged by a sports car of an aeroplane. Both suffered from admission of what he had been up to. known 66 AEROPLANE MARCH 2006 .” “Being a grass airﬁeld. Pilot Biography Lord Tebbit ABOVE Wings prominently displayed. represented here by three aircraft of No 19 Flying Training School. commissioned as a pilot ofﬁcer for games ﬁ xtures for those wanting exercise on training on the Meteor. and duly arranged St George. and the Meteor in particular was posbit.instructor came over with a ﬁtter and a spare cancies for pilots.sessed of traps for the unwary that Lord Tebbit placed.square. he declined.wheel. one terested in pilot training and told that they could of the great aeroplanes. but the awful three-pointer altifor a quick recovery after four or ﬁve turns.’ he said. This all In 1950 two types of jet ﬁghter. . They were asked if they were still in“I went on to the North American Harvard. (Lord Tebbit told me that had a marvellous instructor. rather and two others were summoned to station head.about ﬂying jets than their students. Both are remembered with great pressed. After meter remained standard. seldom goes unrecognised. sir. and although there were now be accepted within their two-year National occasions when I anticipated being ‘scrubbed’ I Service commitment. airﬁeld. It occurred to him ed out at Padgate made it through ﬂying training. bringing a very sudden end to Proudly Presents.’ Thanks to Barry I got my trait he was given charge of the sports activities wings in November 1950 and went to Middleton of his fellow course members.the unwary.came out I discovered I was at Fairford! I teletude tests and the interviews. the Gloster worked admirably until. becoming a sea of mud.000ft before entering a spin! I don’t think I could ever claim to have been a natural pilot. all three were you are going to do a loop’. if with the RAF. being ﬂown by instructors in 1949. the other became a university lecturer port laid on for the sportsmen. after making one of his Meteor and the de Havilland Vampire. I got a green and went straight in. I found after a week or two at Padgate he would have instrument ﬂying particularly difﬁcult. and the Meteor as a reliable if rather vincing opening response soon became a frank unexciting ﬁghting machine. coupled with a replied. Blakehill Farm.
including his own. by 1952. was de rigueur. served to conries the squadron had achieved a brilliant war ﬁrm their professional capabilities. chose his ofﬁcers. now In many ways these last years were a ﬁtting cliin publishing.Thx successful minimal-visibility approach LEFT Flying Ofﬁcer Tebbit carries out an external preﬂight check of a Meteor 8. RAuxAF. squadrons of Fighter Command. 1946. in a stroke of Trenchard’s inspiration. to ﬂy with 604 Sqn. ﬂying a de Havilland Chipmunk at had marked them from their several beginnings. and typically which one was expected to ﬂy immacu. at which Lord Edward Grosvenor. was out of the RAF and back at the Financial The RAuxAF squadrons successfully mainTimes and. one was chosen as appropriate creed before a major exercise that “the weather for membership. and commemorated the close association of 604 Sqn with that county.no doubt that they could have survived eventual based. home. Panshanger. especially when inverted and approaching the stall. The Seax on the nosewheel door was taken from the armorial bearings of the County of Middlesex. ﬁrst AF) at this time.Vampires and. within Fighter Command.Waterbeach airﬁeld.“big wing” interceptions of incoming United wards. No fewer than eight lately. both by his employment. in the pilots’ gallows humour as “tent-pegging”. missed a single moment of it. coming “attacks” by Bomber Command added a The Auxiliaries proudly maintained the highest palpable zest to training. He was fortunate to have YYePG Proudly for Support man Tebbit was duly invited and passed muster. At the war’s conversion to Hawker Hunters had not a politiend it disbanded.LEFT Gloster Meteor 8s of 604 (County of Middlesex) Sqn. Norman Tebbit loved the Meteor and learned his ﬁghter pilot’s skills almost exclusively in the single-seater. which time the squadron had been at North equipped with Mach 2 aircraft. Thus a weekend stay. Norman Tebbit decided to apply 1930s. Essex. made his Presents. Essex. over Malta in 1954. as absence at a summer camp for cises with the regular squadrons against intwo weeks each year was a condition of service. He stayed two months beyond his National Service obligation to complete his operational conversion unit training at Stradishall. having sought the blessing of making their task particularly worthwhile. 67 AEROPLANE MARCH 2006 . someone deAuxiliary unit. for two years. He remembers it as being very demanding indeed. and the weekA friend of his was serving with 604 (County of end warriors were treated as equals in every reMiddlesex) Sqn Royal Auxiliary Air Force (RAux. drink at least moderately. Already bored. converse Meteors crashed. The ﬁrst Vampires arrived in 1951. At Middleton St George Advanced Flying Training Unit he logged many hours of instrument ﬂying in a range of disarmingly unusual attitudes using the partial panel. quiet ﬁnesse was that one did not “join” an Reﬂecting Cold War exigencies. as a member of the RAF Volunteer tained both the spirit and high motivation that Reserve. The effect of this less happy incidents. Somehow it was not quite the same. and there is record. the Cold War threat was ever-present. He would not have White’s Club. Fg Off Tebbit of 604 Sqn.it turned out to be appalling.spect. and Lord Tebbit restandards. Note the squadron number stencilled on the Mae West. Exerhis employer. ABOVE Ready to ﬂy. In common with other auxilia. and weekend or evening ﬂying in max for the Auxiliaries. The US Air National Guard. demonstrates to Weald. this day what can be done by part-timers. which intelligently. which was a little faster but very considerably colder at 35. though there were the ﬁrst CO. which had marked their recruitment members with great nostalgia the occasional policies since their formation from 1925 on. spending only a little time in the T. Royal Auxiliary Air Force. Their equipping with jet aircraft. Meteors. Norman Tebbit had “one of the best times of his life” (and a number of “less happy incidents”) while ﬂying with this unit in the 1950s. by cial constraint. States Air Force Boeing B-29s by up to 100-plus Folklore had it that 601 (County of London) Sqn Meteor 8s. in 1954.000ft with its unpressurised cockpit. They had also won the respect of the regular despite the Chipmunk’s pleasant qualities. eat properly and behave either ended up a heap of burning wreckage on impeccably or exuberantly. appearing to ﬁll the sky in a manner came into being as a result of a meeting at that will never be seen again. in ﬂying gear at North Weald.7 trainer. but was re-formed at Hendon cal decision declared such a move “unsafe” for on July 31.XVIs. Unlike the crises of the VR Chipmunks. Then he thus beginning one of the best times of his life. during was not to be allowed to interfere”. The nearest aircraft is WH309. Nor. ﬂying Supermarine Spitﬁre Auxiliaries when the honest reason was ﬁ nanLF. principally in the nightﬁghter role.
Just a back to North Weald with his face scorched. Coastal and Transport Command pilots and navigators who had made their careers in BOAC. 3. he a sea change from the Argonaut. Norman Tebbit tapped him on the shoulder and enquired: “May was by then ﬂying in Argonauts. the battered Norman Tebbit charter airline.stopping power was truly memorable. spherical trigonometry. 1957. 68 AEROPLANE MARCH 2006 . and navigators as pi. with discipline that could be found in navigation. it could be relied upon to come to a dead stop on demand.virtually everything on the Britannia was eleclots.400 h. aircraft of the Home Fleet. be the only navigational essential. Pilot Biography Lord Tebbit BELOW Avro York G-AGNV Morville of BOAC at Heathrow in 1947. and my ambition was to join the Boeing 707 ﬂeet when the -436s were delivered. 111 and 74 Tebbit ﬁnally returned to piloting as a second Sqns. “I recall that new pilots as navigators. mainly owing to icing problems with the airdisbanded and consigned to splendid history in craft’s Proteus propeller turbines (see Database. dollar-strapped economy when the ﬁrst aircraft He also suffered a mid-air collision when his were delivered in the 1940s. but the real memories to the grounding of the de Havilland Comet 1 centre upon Summer Camps at Takali. ﬁrstly to Johannesburg. Although it was at ﬁrst difﬁcult to deduce tric. landing back at North Weald. its advertisement for pilots. the right place to unstick stuck electrical relays! I form of the Earth and the theory of ﬂight was thoroughly enjoyed ﬂying it. I needed to get some North Atlantic experience ﬁrst. He then went on to do a long spell on Canadair Argonauts.Thx for Support Wright turbo-compound radials that drank oil. 1957. he became a navigator on the Avro York. when the last one must realise is that ﬁghter aircraft are expenda.was retired. but would you like a drink?”. South Africa. meteorology. in the crew room at North Weald in 1955. starting in mid-1960. such knowledge has little place in avia. but both aircraft served on many of the original “Empire” routes survived. freighting to the Far East and West Africa. YYePG Proudly Presents. “An essential crew member was a great advantage in the mental and intellectual ﬂight engineer weighing at least 12 stone. British Overseas Airways Corporation (BOAC). for no approach aids were available. and was ﬂying with services. From behind. plus the 604 Sqn cat. still ﬂying with BOAC in professional blackened. he decided he needed a drink.FROM PILOT TO POLITICIAN RIGHT Left to right: Fg Off Tebbit. few of the pre-war Imperial Airways stalwarts ﬁlthy and cut. albeit to join others in a holiday ble”. “I was not long on Britannias. sir?”. well as in Germany. Sadly. who Next morning he crashed on take-off. Plt Off “Buster” Browne and Plt Off Mike Allen. and had full non-stop transatlantic capability. The Argonauts number two drifted into him. and a licence to prove it. In particular its reﬂects. and Capt Rodley. He also enjoyed the company of many wartime Bomber. By this time he had long since left the August 2005 Aeroplane ). Having achieved competency. routelishing and joined BOAC.participated in a prolonged development. The study of advanced mathemat. an exhaustive knowledge of under-ﬂoor control 1950s style. Rolls-Royce I quote you at my Court of Enquiry. and set about gaining this on the Douglas DC-7C Seven Seas. married. Merlin-powered Douglas DC-4s built by CanadThe AOC turned and studied him before reply. This was the ultimate pistonengined Douglas airliner.p. Soon afterwards the Coming on top of the Comet 1 disasters. and his ﬂying overalls torn and remained. Driven ﬂew on the 1943 Dams raid with 617 Sqn.BOAC far longer than originally intended owing quently difﬁcult to forget. Such to the Far East and Africa. however. With retion today.air.which were more than two years late into servfore the ﬂying squadrons of the RAuxAF were ice. the transport derivative of the Lancaster bomber. The Britannia began Financial Times. who had shadowed the German battleship until it was sunk by ships and over fenland. and it was certainly both demanding and highly rewarding. Air Ofﬁcer Commanding (AOC) happened to be The Yorks continued in service as freighters at the bar. However.” says any personal beneﬁt from this. and remained with incidents were obviously serious and conse. 1957. They included Capt “Bismarck” Briggs. Tebbit resigned with enormous regret just be. by which time several had It was in 1953 that he gave up his job in pub. Norman Tebbit joined the airline in 1953 and became a navigator on Yorks carrying freight to the Far East and West Africa. and was saying: “What you chaps until November 22. in navigating a York across the desert using astro-navigation and relying on self-discipline to get it right. which had been bought by BOAC in 1956/57. Still a navigator. when a mobile telephone appears to versible-pitch 16ft-diameter de Havilland steel propellers and four-wheel undercarriage bogies with Maxaret anti-skid braking. The harmony with a much younger generation. as ﬂeet after the Mediterranean accidents.runs so that he could jump up and down on the ics. and therefore currency-friendly to Britain’s ing: “No you can’t. pilot on the newly-introduced Bristol Britannias. he soon saw Lord Tebbit. having responded to proving and crew training programme. Malta. There was something profoundly satisfying. this vast airline decided in its wisdom to train all its was not a happy time for the airline. on February 1. and the fellow Auxiliaries of 601 Sqn. They were. but without solid-state electronics. powered by ultimate engines as well. and upon great times at the After a long spell on the Argonaut Norman home base with the regular residents. he thought.
previously N31241. as in ﬂying.disaster. It wasn’t too differ“I had successfully completed the course in the ent from ﬂying over the Paciﬁc in poor weather winter of 1969–70. although there were some idiosyn. but then entered parliament instead. the encouragement of free enterprise. I was a Conservative and proud of it. and completed a captain’s course in the winter of 1969–70.risks and beneﬁts (and. ducted at St Mawgan in Cornwall. Nationalisation was a inadvertent descents at high Mach numbers fol. reached the top of the airline’s copilot seniority “I think that ﬂying was an excellent preparalist. or create some other dire emergency in the best option to yield a reasonable result. and I would need to leave the airline business and folhad ten happy years ﬂying it. weighing-up simulator but in a 707 with an examining in. and radical change. Its four man of BALPA’s Technical Committee. which was con. and tak. We crossed the ocean BOAC’s performance as an uninspired.inevitably brought me into closer association quate power. He spent a happy decade ﬂying it. I did the captain’s course. However. I became chairat long last I had found ‘my’ aeroplane. His next mount was the DC-7C. and I envisaged a career I once landed at Wake Island in such circumas an MP providing me with a worthwhile and fascinating occupation extending years beyond what I could anticipate as an airline pilot. by which time I had low my political ambition. of great interest to me. This is 707-436 G-APFB. I had been frankly horriﬁed by pumped into any engine. such as Dutch rolling.none of them was obvious). and this Rolls-Royce Conway engines provided very ade.issues. I was principally problems. Tebbit regarded the turboprop as a “sea change” after the Canadair aircraft. but I had by then made up my at the margins of endurance on astro-navigamind to seek election as a member of parlia.tion for this apparently disparate new career. the 707 necessary. the airline the belly compartment. was essential to restore Britain to its rightful place in the world. For the record.Thx for Support “As a member and ofﬁce holder of BALPA [the ABOVE A brief period as second pilot on the Bristol Britannia followed the Argonaut experience. and then arriving at gines. from which oil could be pilots’ union. and if I wanted to help achieve it I was one of the world’s great aeroplanes. not on some Politics was all about judgment. to cope with the burgeoning increase in the “When I got on to the Boeing 707-436 I felt that number of ﬂights over the UK. if things went pear-shaped. control of the Trades Unions. YYePG Proudly Presents. and had created a stodgy. sometimes structor who would knock out a couple of en. mismanat altitudes appropriate to reduce headwind aged and complacent monolith. and enjoyed ﬂying it. such as deﬁning the additional demands ing aeroplane with a reputation for occasionally that Concorde operations were likely to make on shedding a prop. sometimes as low as 6. “the ultimate piston-engined Douglas airliner”. and limiting the power of the State. and the development of air trafﬁc control record with us was impeccable. I was also particularly well motivated by self-belief that I could help bring about major change in Britain to ﬁre up an enterprise society full of dynamism to reverse the false values and inadequacy so much a feature of national life in the Sixties. even fraught circumstances as the spirit moved him.000ft. Change was which recovery was difﬁcult. and I am afraid that I crasies to beware of. The ’7C was a challeng. BELOW Despite its idiosyncrasies. AEROPLANE MARCH 2006 69 .Our aeroplanes had an extra 50gal oil tank in British Air Line Pilots’ Association].tion and deciding whether to overﬂy Wake Island ment. Politics and government had always been or go in to pick up fuel just in case. Tebbit describes the Boeing 707 as “my aeroplane”. but in the end their safety crews.involved with the union’s stance on technical ing anything up to 14hr. inﬂexible orlowing unnoticed autopilot drop-outs causing ganisation which used public money to make up ‘tuck’ into extreme nose-down attitudes from for its inability to be competitive.with senior management. and was very unimpressed.
During these early years crewmember asked how a politician had acNorman Tebbit made a lot of friends and a few quired such skill. so perhaps I had the attitude to be a He also played a major role in establishing Minister of the Crown!” routes for Concorde to Singapore. revolutionary aeroplane was sent a cure until modiﬁed doors became availa. from supersonic bangs to sleep depa forthright. This gave him considerable lee. transforming the tributes which have shaped his success and perairline and making it an efﬁcient global competi. for that matter.sonal standing in public life. who became Lord Tonypandy His next job was as number two to Keith Joseph when he retired as Speaker of the House. The pragmatic British view was ﬂew light twins of all types. including the Learjet. of income compared with his earnings as a shipping. despite heavy opposition from the the Department of Trade under John Nott.make an unguarded remark to the effect that he tions were often examples of great political ought to go out on a ﬁshing boat. These entailed Norman Tebbit contested the Epping. in the Department of Industry. despite heavy Treasury opposition. and from terriﬁed elks to miscarrying himself in the turmoil of parliamentary debate. However.FROM PILOT TO POLITICIAN Pilot Biography Lord Tebbit “He saw through investment in the Airbus A320.jing. “Not ﬁnally and just the once! It was much the YYePG Proudly Presents. He Airlines Paris crash. on the grounds that he lacked practice while a British competitor continued his opera. they said” stances. same in politics. well able to look after rivation.with China for the opening of air routes into Beiing the questions and planning the stage man. Essex. He was ment and concept of service have been with him much admired by Norman Tebbit. seemed to the British to repre. perhaps because the polIn 1980 Tebbit decided not to pilot an aeroplane itics of safety had grounded their aeroplanes again.“simplicate and add more lightness”. clever man. issue in such a way as to open out the dialogue He quickly found himself in far-from-encouraginto wide-ranging supplementary questions for ing weather on a mackerel boat en route for the which the Prime Minister was ill prepared. In the General Election and Norman Tebbit was this capacity he saw through investment in the made Parliamentary Under Secretary of State in Airbus A320. In the end the Singapore route had to be After the 1974 election. entering Westminster as an purporting to be from environmental groups enOpposition MP under the leadership of Edward compassing everything from noise to carbon Heath. and His early political career fell well short in terms he did not like civil aviation or. Piper Aztec. Lord King. namely the faulty joyed. it concluded. appointed chairman. craft. Today mistakes you could make and gain stature by Lord Tebbit enjoys the irony of a conﬁdential re. although the Americans lived close to Stapleford Tawney. and felt that few people in place. “You will never see sales of more than retary of State. jointly on behalf of BA and Cathay Paciﬁc. Arrow.admitting.Treasury. There is also a unthem were instrumental in constructing a new swerving honesty about him and a most engagmanagement structure for BA and in placing ing humour. and with Margaret abandoned. coupled with periodic checks and would believe that the only additional control in careful handling.this remarkable. and he supplemented his cash Under Secretary of State to get on with things in ﬂow by undertaking reviews of aeroplanes for these areas. the British DC-10 operator. cans remained restive. He found it an correct closing and locking procedure was put amazing experience. they said.” treasures the excellent relationships he had with and immediately became a respected member Labour Prime Minister James Callaghan and of the ship’s complement. most of it the Conservatives. When a the best possible light. namely how to ask about a speciﬁc understand the hazardous work of ﬁshermen. his skills tion in his successful conclusion of negotiations were further honed as one of her advisers. camels. Brussels issues.20”.Thx for Support suitable for management”. and a remedy in the shape of a by test pilot Duncan Simpson. George Thomas. which he greatly enthat the cause was known. the leadership qualities. from where he had done so.the nozzle deﬂector.types. and he ended up in the wheelas to illuminate the Leader of the Opposition in house with a Loran set. he replied: “I am actually lienemies across the party divide. as well as other areas. There were other mistakes you make port on him while he was a pilot in BOAC. all this had to be done in such a way notice of him. He particularly censed to navigate any aeroplane anywhere. the wisdom of the aircraft designers’ maxim: welcomed this approach. he thought. including the deci. plotting ﬁ xes. and only the Ameri. Opposition intensiﬁed. Hawker Siddeley HS. This. Thus Norman Tebbit handled a National Aviation Review. It was.125 and DC-10. agement of her then twice-weekly performances On the shipping side he was unwise enough to at Prime Minister’s question time. Rockwell Turbo sion not to ground British-registered Douglas Commander.Minches. He was content therefore to leave his BOAC captain. the judgprincipal architect in this success story. This meant ﬂying many number of delicate issues.211 family of engines and on collaboraNott had no great desire to be involved with tive engine projects. 70 AEROPLANE MARCH 2006 . and the two of since he ﬁrst put on uniform. These ques. proof of ble.and “there is no fool like an old fool”. the happiest memories of his ﬂying days. and Another signal success was the decision to credits them and the RAF for many of the atprivatise British Airways (BA). Fur. with a responIn 1979 the Conservative Party was returned in sibility for “aerospace”. Sec. there was some consolaThatcher as Leader of the Opposition. which frankly bored him. He also maintained spending on way to take on many responsibilities. since John the RB. The self-reliance tor. As a backbencher he built a reputation as emissions. ‘You will never see sales of more than 20’. In 1976 he visited Dunsfold and was introlatch mechanism on the door of the underﬂoor duced to handling the Hawker Siddeley Harrier luggage hold. Freddie Laker. the better to ingenuity. He retains tions into the USA. He told me that in ﬂying there were people of exceptional ability within it. crossing large tracts of Russia or the Middle seat at the 1970 General Election and won for Eastern states. was the and integrity. No-one seemed inclined to take much thermore. Apache and DC-10s in the aftermath of the terrible Turkish Navajo.
Thx for Support AEROPLANE MARCH 2006 71 . the R34. Incorporated as a limited company in 1986 with Sir Peter Maseﬁeld as President and renamed the Airship Heritage Trust in 1995. as well as relatives of crew members. but changes in ownership and use of the airship sheds at Cardington has meant that the Trust has had to look elsewhere for a home. To promote the development of a national museum and study centre devoted to the airship YYePG Proudly Presents.HIGH SOCIETY The Airship Heritage Trust The Airship Heritage Trust Contact: Brian Harrison Membership Secretary 9 Quaggy Walk Blackheath London SE3 9EL Website: www. a site visited by a group from the AHT on October 5. 1919. 1919. Dirigible is an internationally-recognised source of information and is distributed to museums and other organisations throughout the world. To foster and promote the study of the history of airships and to present this to the public 2. Throughout this period. In an informative style. the AHT has been supported by the Rope Trust. The AHT website (www. and other dedicated enthusiasts. each issue is packed with articles appealing to all with an interest in airships. 2005. A recent visit by AHT members to France to mark the 75th Anniversary of the loss of the airship R101 proved a great success and the Trust intends to organise more visits to places of lighter-than-air interest in the future. completing the ﬁrst ever double Atlantic crossing. the Airship Heritage Trust has aimed to be a focus for airship knowledge and information. information and historic airship images.airshipsonline. which made the ﬁrst ever East— West crossing of the Atlantic by air on July 2–6. Pulham. The Trust has been determined to establish a national airship museum at a suitable location. to where it returned on July 13. the 75th anniversary of the loss of the most famous British airship. It is seen here its home base. issued free of charge to members three times a year. At that time.com) is also full of news. and which covers a wide range of airship topics from the early days of lighter-than-air travel to more recent decades. To stimulate interest in the role of Cardington as an airship base and to encourage the preservation of its principal buildings 3. in Norfolk. Society aims 1. a large number of models and some full-size airship gondolas — including one from a US Navy K-Class “Blimp”. From the very start. the Trust’s membership now reﬂects the fact that a new generation of enthusiasts is growing up with an undiminished fascination for airships. a highly talented airship engineer who died on the R101. One of the principal aims of the Trust is to safeguard the collection of archives and artefacts originally salvaged by Leslie Speed when the Royal Airship Works closed — a collection subsequently expanded by the acquisition of photographs. invitations to Trust functions and visits T BELOW RIGHT One of the most signiﬁcant British airships ever built. a charitable organisation linked to the family of Sqn Ldr Michael Rope.com Subscription rate: Annual: £20 (£19 if paid by Standing Order) (£25/£24 overseas) Reduced rates for over-65s Membership: Over 300 What you get: High-quality journal. Although many of the original FOCAS members are still involved. HE AIRSHIP HERITAGE Trust can trace its origins back to the formation of the Friends of Cardington Airship Station (FOCAS) in 1985. An alternative venue at the nearby Shuttleworth Collection was explored but proved unsuitable. The Trust is now in active discussions with the Fleet Air Arm Museum at Yeovilton for some of the Trust’s collections to be incorporated into their displays – reﬂecting the historic links between British airships and the Royal Navy. Dirigible is the Trust’s in-house magazine.airshipsonline. this charitable organisation now has more than 300 members worldwide and is recognised as the foremost body dealing with the history of lighter-than-air ﬂight in the UK. BELOW The R101 memorial at Beauvais. The Trust often receives requests for assistance from authors and scholars undertaking research and recently provided a number of images for display at the Post and Telegraph Museum in Copenhagen. membership included relatives of those who had worked on the construction of airships at Cardington before the closure of the Royal Airship Works in 1936.
a lively zine’s associate editor. ex-Bomber Command Avro Lan. and Blick Hodg. There. In that green classroom. 1956. the Dorset House manager.p. the little twin opened up opportunities for air experiences in such types as Vulcan.seven years. co” and ﬂew back to Croydon. Gannet. stalls. on SepThis qualiﬁed approval led to some of the most tember 8. After six I did some circuits and landings. Canberra.quire a Private Pilot’s Licence. and about magazine four-seater.Major engines. the editor of Maurice and Mark did all the test ﬂying for the Flight. G-AKHC (“Hotel Charlie”). highly manœuvrable. tional dimension of ﬂying as part of the job. G-AKHC. who was to school at Fairoaks. ﬂying was part of the job — mainly in the journal’s own Miles Gemini.000hr RAF/RAFVR ﬂyFlight already had a team of skilled pilots: Mau. single-engine ﬂying. This years in newspaper journalism I was to learn was the aeroplane I came to love over the next about good writing from Rex King. Alastair Pugh.ing when I joined Flight. with Maurice. Vampire and more. but we’d like to have you on the staff”.In the Air assessment articles. interviewed me for an edito. Ron Cobbett. At that time Flight rial post in early 1956 he said: “You had a Miles Gemini that was hangared at Croydon’t quite ﬁt the vacancy we had don Airport and used for editorial assignments. with twin ﬁns subediting.proaches and map-reading exercises. as he recalls here ABOVE The author ﬂying Flight’s Miles Gemini G-AKHC and using the hand mike in the late 1950s or early 1960s. Ken Owen.under the genial tutelage of Wg Cdr Cyril Arthur don) Sqn.Thx for Support Arm (FAA). 1957.POST-WAR CIVIL FLYING Gemini Days When HUMPHREY WYNN joined Aeroplane’s former rival magazine Flight in 1956. on son. W 72 AEROPLANE MARCH 2006 . but still needed to acrice himself. Even better. make-up and so on from Roy Casey. jet-qualiﬁed and ﬂew with No 600 (City of Lon. de Havilland Gipsy the production editor. I took my test with the “WingYYePG Proudly Presents. who joined the landings. wartime-trained and his deputy. and powered by two 145 h. Mark Lambert. glide apeditorial staff a week before me. ex-Fleet Air January 13. HEN MAURICE SMITH. I had my ﬁrst ﬂight in it. where satisfying experiences I have ever had. from Croydon to Fairoaks. the maga. RAuxAF. so was packed off casters with two DFCs. with the splendid addi. in mind. I did circuits and with the US Navy. and back. I had done more than 2.
It was ﬁnally withdrawn from use at White Waltham in September 1965.Thx Support ﬂew back. He got into Air Trafﬁc Conwhich also applies to ﬂying. serving at Gatwick. Later I gave him some local catharsis of ﬂying.pilot training with BKS. I used to ﬂy down to Shore. There is nothing like trol.The door was open for me to match my ﬂying One Saturday at Croydon I noticed a small boy with my job. at Croydon. ire. able as part of my job. on the trafﬁc crawling northwards. then won a place for it. 1947. He is now retired. and in 1954 was converted to a Mk 3A. and which I could also use which makes me feel old. looking down disdainfully. making that familiar approach getting on terms with Service aircrew than to ﬂy between the cement works with its smoking in to their stations.ways on Boeing 757s and 767s. He then got into British spective. Lightnings and Javelins. AEROPLANE MARCH 2006 73 . FAA and whom I had known a few years earlier in CheshArmy Air Corps activities. or to Bembridge in the Isle of Wight for the Services at a technological peak. but a seed for Richard. Hunters. 1956. I wish many more young people could European Airways as a ﬁrst ofﬁcer on BAC Oneﬂy: it would help them to get their priorities right. for pleasure ﬂying at the weekends if no-one The 1950s–60s.peering over the fence. Sea ABOVE The author’s ﬁrst Gemini ﬂight was in G-AKHC with Maurice Smith on September 8. The RAF had a quick swim.were the post-war heyday of British civil and miliham airport for lunch in the art deco terminal tary aviation. to put the surface world into per. which was what Flight called “Serv. YYePG and the Royal Navyfor was ﬂying Scimitars. Richard”. Elevens. else had booked it. He was Richard Wood. Proudly Presents. with many aircraft companies and building. I said: “Come and have a ride. ice Aviation” — the coverage of RAF. that purging of the emotions ﬂying practice. you were then on the right plume (now extinct) to port and Lancing College footing. I often found. as I V-bombers. I also experienced what I can only call the chapel to starboard. This aircraft was ﬁrst certiﬁcated on October 24. Perhaps these experiences sowed which Aristotle originally ascribed to drama. when I did my Gemini ﬂying. We I discovered that there was no better way of ﬂew to Shoreham. and became a captain with British AirHere was I with a lovely twin-engined type avail. but here it is ﬂown solo by Mark Lambert.
Brennan and Flt Lt J. He was allowed to land on the perimeter track because of an unacceptably high crosswind component on the main runway. I ﬂew down to Tangmere and got airborne in Canberra T. 1958. RIGHT The Flight team poses for a photograph on the Warsaw tarmac during a visit in July 1961. Sadly. Lincs.Thx for Support 74 AEROPLANE MAY 2005 . golden days. Morgan for a calibration run. I used the Gemini for another RAF sortie of a different kind in March 1959. Quite apart from his outstanding record as a Hurricane pilot in the Battles of France and Britain. he was killed in a Westland Whirlwind helicopter which suffered rotor-blade failure. on a 5hr 20min sortie. he was a man of exceptional BELOW The Gemini took Maurice Smith to Shoreham in April 1960 to take part in a Business and Touring Aircraft Competition.000ft in the cold night skies over Norway. where I had breakfast with my father at his club in Whitehall. As I was writing a series of articles about the new Command.L. Unfortunately I was not allowed to reveal any details of our track in my article. the uprising against Soviet rule. At that time Signals Command had come into being.H. to a press conference laid on by the Air Ministry to tell the aviation world about it. YYePG Proudly Presents. not long afterwards. who had just taken over command after being Air Attaché to Hungary during one of the most dangerous periods in that country’s history. On that visit I had the privilege of meeting Gp Capt Dennis “Hurricane” David. I was able to tell him that only a few hours earlier I had been at 40. The Station Commander. Blount.4 WT488 with Sgt D. Gp Capt J. to ﬂy in an Avro Vulcan of 617 Sqn. Exercise Sunbeam and routine training. he starts against a stopwatch. My Syerston visit was to have inﬂuential consequences. and I ﬂew up to Syerston in Nottinghamshire on October 15. In the late 1950s the RAF introduced ab initio all-through jet training. but a more immediate one was that I ﬂew from Swinderby to the V-bomber base at Scampton. Here. That night (October 17) I ﬂew in Vulcan B Mk l XH499. “I ﬂew to Scampton to ﬂy in a Vulcan of 617 Sqn. After the debrieﬁng I took off in Hotel Charlie for Croydon. plus asymmetric ﬂying and landing procedures. Sea Vixens and Buccaneers. but was able to highlight this role of the new Command. and one of its stations was at Tangmere near Chichester.POST-WAR CIVIL FLYING RIGHT The Gemini nestles beneath a Vulcan at RAF Scampton in 1958 on the occasion of the author’s visit to ﬂy in a 617 Squadron aircraft. was so intrigued by the Gemini that he ﬂew across to nearby Swinderby with me. the Gemini came third in the twin class and made the shortest landing by twinengined aircraft in 121yd. for security reasons. where 245 Sqn was based with Canberras for calibration duties. and was allowed to land on the peri-track because of a high crosswind on the runway” Hawks. checking radar sites. when he had become captain of the Queen’s Flight. and from there drove into London. and was allowed to land on the perimeter track because of an unacceptably high crosswind component on the main runway. captained by Flt Lt Thomas.
Peter Riviere (Autocar). Windsor Castle and Ascot racecourse? So round the battlements we went.3 sortie. In the background are two more competing twins. VIA ANN TILBURY AEROPLANE MARCH 2006 75 . ough. BELOW The Flight team and friends at Shoreham in May 1960 for the competitions. in September that year. from where ABOVE Mark Lambert demonstrates the Gemini’s quite reasonable rate of climb. Aero 45 G-APRR and a Piaggio P. Dot Robinson with Giles Pugh. Maurice Smith. a diminutive single-seater ﬂown nights I ﬂew back to Fairoaks with Alastair Pugh by his Equerry. ﬂying with Lt-Cdr W. following day’s ﬂight back to Fairoaks took us an my usual companions on trips were the photo. Maurice did the comthe Isle of Man TT Races for Motor Cycle. Viv Smith. while “Mac” McLaren concours d’élégance at Shoreham for which did jobs for other Iliffe journals such as Autocar G-AKHC was entered. My Autobiography.T. At that time the RAF operated short take-off and landing (STOL) Scottish Aviation Twin Pioneers in an Army co-operation role.166. and along the course (while a race was in progress) until Mac was satisﬁed that he had the shots he wanted. After a couple of enjoyable days and lason Turbulent. and Anne Porteous. In June 1958 I ﬂew Smith on the 19th. get” aircraft. Left to right: Liz Hussy (Autocar). Mac was with me. Then. and he tel. The Because G-AKHC had to work for its living. In 2000 he published his autobiography we participated in the SBAC show at Farnbor( Dennis “Hurricane” David. petitive ﬂying (which included “spot” landings). for a royal appointment: taking air-to-air where we propped up the bar in the Norfolk pictures of the Duke of Edinburgh’s Druine/Rol. This time I was in the “tarOnly a few days later. Then back to Benson. latter more regularly. who looked after Flight’s photographic to sample the ﬁsh restaurants. library. on August 25. ephoned to thank me. Where better to pose this My trip to Syerston in October 1958 to hear little white aircraft.POST-WAR CIVIL FLYING charm. full of excitement about Early in 1960 the FAA came into my sights when the Queen Mother’s l00th birthday parade in I ﬂew down to Culdrose with Mac for a Fairey Horse Guards. Sylvia Pugh.Arms Hotel. and Anne Porteous. in which he had just taken part. A.Thx for Support Oxfordshire to Upavon in Wiltshire. On June 17. retired) John Severne. Hawley. so Ian and I ﬂew to Benson for an air-to-air photographic sortie with 21 Sqn. one of our secretaries. 1959. who demonstrated its STOL characteristics and very-low-speed stall. which I reviewed.hour longer than our outward one: 2hr 20min as graphers L. Carol Brunt (Autocar). McLaren and Ian Macdonald. Gannet AEW.Hotel Charlie and returned to Fairoaks. as was Ann and I remember we all bowled along to Brighton Tilbury. Mark Lambert. Flt Lts Reith and Norton Craig ﬂew me from Benson in YYePG Proudly Presents. the against 1hr 25min down to Cornwall. Hotel Charlie was spruced up with Blick Hodgson to pick up photographs of by a team of Flight girls. with Prince Philip’s badge about the RAF’s all-through jet training proon its side. Pugh. Rex King. the author. Sqn Ldr (now Air Vice-Marshal. because he specialised in In May that year the Royal Aero Club held a air-to-air photography. I ﬂew down with Maurice or Farmer and Stockbreeder. where I picked up Grub Street. than against the backgrounds of gramme paid off in two subsequent visits there. and I was given a ride in a “Twin Pin” by Flt Lt Sandbach.W. 2000). he died. and to Arundel.
Alan Brothers and Trevor Tarr. This How would I have fared without any previous meant that Ian was in position to do his photogﬂying experience? The “JP” was probably easier raphy. this shows the aircraft’s dark-blue-andwhite colour scheme with dayglo ﬁns. of which he was a master. and land at Rhoose. and when I took off I could not help thinking of Amy Mollison leaving there on YYePG Proudly Presents. in the Sterner things awaited me. for Rhoose to collect the repaired Hotel Charlie. who made a quick visit to her family in Glasgow. Alastair Pugh and I used our faithful G-AKHC as a business aircraft on August 3.because of unserviceable weather. who took me to RAF St Athan (Rhoose Suitably briefed and clothed on the following being unacceptable for jets). Blackpool. helicopter-borne on the airﬁeld boundary. but he got some magniﬁcent photographs of acquaintance with the agile Jet Provost. because of a cracked found the Jet Provost a joy to handle. However. after a trip involving a lot of hassle for shoot. going up to Scotland with Anne Porteous. ently shrouded by low cloud blowing in off the Those were in XM364.but when I collected one serviceable Gemini ics added. Although rather a dark image. Flt Lt Norman Clayton as my pilot. meteorologically. which was persistnot in the book. I experienced that wonderful sensation of calm and aloofness that only ﬂying can give. with the JP hanging vertically in lowing morning had to put down at St David’s the empty sky. I then crossed the Irish Sea to Newtownards. and across to Northern Ireland. Leeson. rather. in the Airspeed Oxford she planned 76 AEROPLANE MARCH 2006 . with me (technically) as pilot. we took off for a photographic sortie with display of aerobatics en route. when I form of a de Havilland Vampire T. to get off the ground and land than most elemen. where we landed after 7hr 15min airborne time. tric/BAC test airﬁeld in Lancashire. and the folmerhead stalls. Denmark. Exelby. easy to cylinder head. On March 22 I ﬂew up with Ian Mac. alone. where she and Alastair disembarked. two occasions) days at Syerston well spent. and was grateful for was when I ﬂew up to Warton. then Flt Lt Stapleton took me in hand FAA’s Hawker Sea Hawk aerobatic team. I cannot now recall the speciﬁc objectives of that business. But Hotel Charlie settled down carefully and comfortably on tarmac more used to the thud of Lightnings. On one of these occasions Warton was being assailed by a frontal system from the Irish Sea. Ham. R. and from there we ﬂew to Prestwick.in South Wales. and very responsive in the air. however. where he was to photograph the donald. so good. with aerobat. By contrast. and other masterly manœuvres before creeping into Brawdy. when I became brieﬂy “jet-qualiﬁed” and experiOne was in August 1958. in an Auster ﬂown by a local pilot. each time having with me one of the company’s PR men. Ian and I got away from there sucin XM457.22 ﬂown by Lt went up with Ian again to Syerston on July 18.Croydon. unacceptable for a light aircraft. Alastair took command for the return ﬂ ight to Fairoaks. apart from giving Anne the bonus of a few hours at home. So far. but had to Fenton. but weather plays an unavoidable part in light aircraft ﬂying in the UK. for more cessfully. returning to pick them up. When I ﬂew back to Fairoaks. leaving behind a cloud-wracked sky with ﬁtful gleams of sunshine ﬁltering through. When the graceful Sea Hawks. There’s the rub. with its unstable climate. I was sharply reminded of this on two occasions. then landed at Church SBAC Show. It took us 1hr 50min to get back to aerobatics. and I were bound for Naval Air Station Brawdy or since. In these sorties I felt I made a realistic me. None of from Rhoose I had to land at Fairford Common your straightforward spins. which after an appropriate brieﬁng and kitting-out. with a scintillating day.while the Sea Hawks swept down and up in imtary piston-engined trainers. some low ﬂying and a practice over. before setting course for Fairoaks (I think this had something to do with Warton being a manufacturer’s airﬁeld). the Gemini shows off its easy cabin access in front of the control tower at Bornholm. The Royal Navy obliged magniﬁcently. were the order of the day. the Gemini is refuelled. I had gone up to Squire’s Gate. we got back to Fairoaks I considered the two Another occasion (or. with a 40kt crosswind.POST-WAR CIVIL FLYING ABOVE In this photograph dated July 1961. loops and rolls. We set off from Croydon. but I had to get back to happen much more quickly.Thx for Support her last ﬂight. the English Electhe opportunities I had been given. when Ian Macdonald enced aerobatics such as I never tasted before. Swansea. the front had gone through. then we took off again sea. but our ﬁrst stop was Blackpool. a u/t pilot without any previous air experience. in 1960 and 1961. 1961. but in the air things peccable formation. and which occurs only in certain conditions such as the aftermath of a storm. We was going to appear in the following month’s did 35min indoctrination. a rewarding day in the air. We were lucky that day. BELOW At Manchester Ringway on May 22. On the way back I was the pilot. We were then airlifted to Brawdy take off and land.
1961. on the Leas. which she never found. plus a formation photographic ﬂight. 1962. I was able to drive her home on my way back to London. lent to me at very short notice (the afternoon before my wedding day. compared with the 1hr 50min it had taken me to get up to Warton. On that bleak January day in 1941 the whole country was cloud-covered. Then I ﬂew with Flt Lt C. I had to be content with an unfamiliar Gemini.POST-WAR CIVIL FLYING to deliver to Kidlington. ﬂew from there to Luxembourg to refuel and thence to Landsberg. What a useful aeroplane the Gemini was.3. Not only had the frontal system cleared south-eastwards. The AOA’s secretary. the ﬁrst concentration camp. Ostend and Gatwick. We got back to Fairoaks just as the lights were winking on in Woking” LEFT A memorable visit in March 1962 to Landsberg in Bavaria to photograph German Air Force Fouga Magisters against the background of the Bavarian Alps gave an opportunity for the Gemini to pose with them. In November 1960 I used a hired Piper Caribbean from Panshanger to go up to Leeming with Ian Macdonald for a Gloster Javelin photographic sortie. nimble. Apart from a photographic sortie with “Mac” McLaren to Shelsley Walsh for Autocar.G. But my greatest “miss” was when I planned to ﬂy off on honeymoon to Jersey on March 12. with its gas chambers. and unavailable. a doctor’s wife. those graceful jet trainers with their distinctive butterﬂy tails. I think my most momentous trip in Hotel Charlie was ﬁve days with Ian Macdonald on March LEFT The Gemini had a neat and business-like instrument panel with a Plessey VHF transceiver installed in the glove pocket. where we cleared Customs. I was given a splendid familiarisation ﬂight in a Magister by Sqn Ldr Ray Lofting. Simmons in the formation set up for the photo sortie. where test pilots J. in the air and on the ground. where the RAF had a training mission to the German Air Force. held in the stately Edwardian surroundings of the Grand Hotel in Folkestone. the Blackburn Buccaneer development airﬁeld. against the majestic background of the Bavarian Alps. the tailwind swept me along and I was back at Fairoaks (whose green grass never looked more welcoming) in an hour and a half. YYePG Proudly Presents. and I was ineffably moved at the sight of Dachau. my German outing was my last in Gemini G-AKHC. Ian and I were very well looked after. I was lucky. with aerobatics and touch-and-go landings. Not every day is one so lucky. leaving ample space for other uses. It was then replaced as Flight’s mount by a Beagle Airedale. On the 23rd Ian and I set off on our return ﬂight. I went down by train to cover the ﬁrst day. 4hr 45min via RAF Wildenrath. and consequently I had delightful company on my return from Lympne to Ferriﬁeld and thence to Fairoaks. Burns and David Lockspeiser were very intrigued with the Caribbean and insisted on “having a ride”. 5hr 5min airborne. had a very attractive PA/secretary. Our objective was to photograph the Germans’ Fouga Magisters. Ostend and Gatwick. As my fair passenger. But that is another story. a bustling city. “We set off on our return ﬂight from Landsberg in G-AKHC via Wildenrath. We cleared Customs at Gatwick and crossed to Ostend. and G-AKHC was still undergoing a Certiﬁcate of Airworthiness check. We were taken into Munich. On the way back we called in at Holme-on-Spalding Moor. a graceful. as G-AKHC was free. lived in Esher. and it transpired during the proceedings that she would like to get home that day. and some local ﬂying with an ex-Middle East Air Force friend. to Landsberg in Bavaria. Sqn Ldr (Ret’d) Alan Day. I shall never forget that Bavarian episode. It was when G-AKHC was unavailable that I missed my favourite aeroplane so much. cutting it ﬁne indeed). a tedious journey indeed. Mrs Essingman. She asked whether she could ﬂy back with me. reliable aeroplane for which I had a huge affection. We got back to Fairoaks just as the lights were winking on in Woking. ﬂying with Flt Lt Eric Ginger in a T. that wide green sward fronting the English Channel. sadly marking the end of my joyous Gemini Days.Thx for Support AEROPLANE MARCH 2006 77 . So. I decided to ﬂy down on the second day. against that superb mountainous background. not an arduous ﬂight. 19–23. In October 1960 I attended the annual conference of the Aerodrome Owners’ Association (AOA). which had a delightful consequence. The ﬂight took 5hr 5min airborne time and the author was given a familiarisation ﬂight in the butterﬂy-tailed trainers. G-AKEL.
5/46 is encapsulated in this shot of the ﬁrst Handley Page Victor and two Vulcan prototypes in a security compound at the 1953 SBAC Display at Farnborough. led by Morien Morgan. Avro.The Cold War Generation A History of British Military Aircraft Speciﬁcations In his third article on British ofﬁcial speciﬁcations and the requirements they were intended to satisfy. B. on March 5.122. Handley Page. For the RAF and Fleet Air Arm it generated aircraft designs exploiting the projected capabilities of the turbojet. English Electric. Six companies. The ABPG’s ﬁndings resulted in Avro and Handley Page each receiving a contract to produce two prototypes. USA. the ﬁrst Canberra to have the offset blown canopy.5/47 to put its Caberra tactical bomber into production. which would evolve into the Vulcan and Victor. Armstrong Whitworth. In keeping with the policy of issuing separate speciﬁcations for additional roles. the company was also awarded PR. Those tendered by the last-named and English Electric were discarded. Winston Churchill coined the graphic phrase “Iron Curtain” to describe the increasingly dangerous political feud between the USA and the Soviet Union that began soon after the end of the Second World War. This became known as the “Cold War”. and in Britain it was the catalyst for the forces to place great demands on an almost exhausted arms industry.11/47 for a trainer. and T.35/46 being issued to the industry on January 24.14/46. B. submitted designs.8. and surveys the extraordinary variety of aircraft produced by the manufacturers in response MAIN PICTURE Operational Requirement 302 resulted in Speciﬁcation IB.3/45. BARRY JONES explains the various systems of nomenclature adopted by ofﬁcialdom through the tense post-Second World War decades. N HIS SPEECH AT Westminster College. for which Canberra B. Fulton.5 VX185 was converted into the prototype intruder bomber B(I). intended to operate in regions far beyond those in which they had fought during the war. many years would elapse before operational aircraft could be introduced into squadron service. and would receive the follow-on Speciﬁcation B. 1947. Short Brothers and VickersArmstrongs. BELOW Speciﬁcation B. Operational Requirement (OR) 229.Thx for Support which remained purely a research aircraft.22/48 for a target marker. As the Blue Danube atomic bomb would be available much sooner. English Electric was building prototypes to meet Speciﬁcation B. YYePG Proudly Presents. Missouri. 78 AEROPLANE MARCH 2006 . Short Brothers was awarded a contract to produce two prototypes to a lesser speciﬁcation. but the others were radical enough to bring about the creation of the Advanced Bomber Project Group (ABPG).31/46 for a long-range photographic reconnaissance variant. head of the Royal Aircraft Establishment’s (RAE) Aerodynamic Flight Section. To a cer- I tain extent these could be regarded as de Havilland Mosquito replacements. but the need for long-range heavy bombers for the turbojet and nuclear-weapons era had yet to be addressed. resulted in Speciﬁcation B. from which came the Sperrin. 1946. Because the two designs required additional aircraft with which to conduct research into their aerodynamics.
Hawker Aircraft’s P. promised to produce a prototype as the Vampire NF. Vickers-Armstrongs managing di. which produced the Hunter. both the Gloster Meteor and de Havilland Vampire were in squadron service by 1946. Gloster undertook a similar exerhave production aircraft ﬂying within ﬁve years. known cation F. to meet Speciﬁrector George (later Sir George) Edwards. on time as speciﬁed.115 sooner than any other manufacturer. produce the Meteor T.9/48. was kept fully within every projected timescale. as the whole programme.38/46. and design being allocated the company type Speciﬁcation T.4/48. VX279. This aircraft.on the private-venture D. cise with the Meteor.However. built to Speciﬁcation E.1052 and P.15/46. The necessity for a trainer On the basis of this guaranteed programme the led the company to produce a private-venture company was awarded Speciﬁcation B.1/47 was written around this to number 660 and emerging.H. and based a side-byside two-seat nightﬁghter on the twin-boom YYePG Proudly Presents.113 went into production by all as “GRE”. Turbojet engine power was increasing to an extent that enabled more-advanced aircraft to be designed.38/46 to the P. AEROPLANE MARCH 2006 79 .1040 on the path to a swept-wing ﬁghter resulted in the P. It is possible that the Valiant was seater to Speciﬁcation F.7. producing the Venom to Speciﬁcation F. De Havilland expanded its single-seat Vampire by designing a new wing. which had already been proved BELOW Conversion of the Hawker P.H. The D.3/48.113. In the ﬁghter ﬁeld. via Speciﬁcation E.7/46 written around it to provide the Royal Navy with the Sea Hawk.1040 project had Speciﬁcation N.1052. was the second of the two produced.10. Careful projection of the format into a sweptwing design.H.1081.11. followed by the D. the two-seater variant with the crew in tandem.24/48 was designed unique.Thx for Support conﬁguration. and to Vampire T. including the 104 production aircraft. A later nightﬁghter twoas the Valiant. culminated in Speciﬁcation F.
represented here by the ﬁrst prototype.E.27/49 Delta-wing research Boulton Paul BP. F. was sometimes abandoned in favour of and manufactured by fellow Hawker Siddeley Group company Armstrong Whitworth.80) H. F.31/46 Photo-recce aircraft (B.1A and F.24/4 8 Two-seat night-ﬁghter (F.105D for E.40/46 Two-seat naval nightﬁghter D.7 went into produc(leading to Lightning) tion. with its OR E.120 YYePG Proudly Presents. F.24/48. This could be beF.H.4/4 8 Two-seat all-weather ﬁghter Gloster GA.1 E.9/40 variant) A. There were three separate stages to a speciﬁcation’s progress. maritime reconnaissance (MR).23/49 Single-seat supersonic ﬁghter E.8.110 tendered design included the year of issue. ground attack (GR).5 swept-wing research aircraft.23/49 from OR.3 certain path being followed.E. and rather complex designations sometimes ocTrainers curred as a result. or B. 707B and 707C for the Type 545 (one of which was partly built).41/46 for an experimental aircraft had wings and tailplane with 40° of sweep married to an Attacker fuselage that required only minimal adjustments to take the new ﬂying surfaces. E. Canberra T. P.111/111A In the case of the Hunter.22/4 8 Target-marker bomber E. 1945–1950 80 AEROPLANE MARCH 2006 .11 originally built to B. T.2/49 Dual-control trainer (from T. It entered production as the Swift. requirements and resulting aircraft between 1945 & 1950 tem followed on from a revised OR numbering Spec Role Aircraft policy begun a few years earlier.4/4 8 D.105P2 E.P.E.E.88 with various stages originating from F.E.1 and P.164D. built to Speciﬁcation F. intruder bomber (IB) and unmanned bomber (UB) were introduced.5/47 variant) E. In addition to F (ﬁghter).9/4 8 Medium-range bomber Vickers Valiant B. Further development was indicated by a D.14/46 Medium-range bomber (raised from B. and the new roles of ﬁghter ground attack (FGA).10/47 VTO research Fairey F. because a R.Thx for Support preﬁ x.105P3 when the Mk.110 tendered design was possibly the last aircraft to go into producE. The ﬁrst design to originate under this system was the Short SB.3/45.10 without any speciﬁcation being raised.H. ABOVE De Havilland’s privateventure D. Canberra T. When OR. ABOVE RIGHT Armstrong Whitworth expanded the two-seat Meteor into the NF.23/49 Single-seat supersonic ﬁghter E.D. the speciﬁcation number was followed by a T.5 under way to meet previous speciﬁcations. which again had started at 100. and the sufﬁ x P was used if and when the design reached the prototype construction stage. An Operational Requirement. The company’s design to Speciﬁcation E.5/47 Three-seat tactical bomber E.7/46 development) Hawker P.H.11 nightﬁghter to Speciﬁcation F. Speciﬁcation IB. before the type went into service as the Vampire NF.302 was issued for T.1052 reconnaissance FR. Operational RequireF. Meeting requirements.P. and the sysRepresentative speciﬁcations.44/46 Two-seat night-ﬁghter updated to F. manufactured to Speciﬁcation F.3/4 8 Single-seat ﬁghter Hawker Hunter ments were drawn up in conjunction with the F. N.35/46 Medium-range bomber Avro Vulcan and H.100.4 an intruder bomber variant of the Canberra. Given the company designation Type 510.38 /46 Swept-wing research (for N.14/49 Two-seat naval all-weather ﬁghter D.10 was designed the evaluaE. strike reconnaissance (SR). built to Speciﬁcation ER. Canberra B.110 Mk 20X the provisional design stage. Supermarine’s progress into the high-subsonic-ﬁghter era was more adventurous than that of Hawker. E.11 issued.41/46 Single-seat ﬁghter Supermarine Type 510 tion having stemmed from the old system that F.41/46 Single-seat swept-wing ﬁghter development Supermarine 510/528 /535 tion was conducted under Speciﬁcation FR. and from these speciﬁcations could be F.113 at the 1949 SBAC Display. Canberra PR. Lightning cause the Air Staff changed its mind or requireBombers ments in respect of a particular role. experimental research speciﬁcations were preﬁ xed ER.35/46) Short Sperrin because the Treasury exerted pressure to stop a PR. B.27/46 Delta-wing research Boulton Paul P.E.105P for the Type 541 Swift.11/47 Dual-control trainer E. Victor It was inevitable that the new system would B. When initially drawn up and issued for the industry to tender designs. by the time the ﬁghter E.122 reExperimental sulted in the production of the Canberra B(I).5/46 Maritime bomber/reconnaissance Avro Shackleton particular design was considered impractical.10/49 Delta-wing research (for Avro 698 ) Avro 707A.105D in accordance with a new speciﬁcation system introduced at the end of the 1940s that started at 100.268.6/4 8 Crescent-wing research (for H. The English Electric LightFighters N. WA 546. This system had preﬁ x letters denoting the role as before.W.7/46 Single-seat naval ﬁghter Hawker Sea Hawk ning.110 Air Staff.P. Canberra B.SPECIFICATIONS “Many speciﬁcations didn’t progress because the Air Staff changed its mind. N. B (bomber) and T (trainer). though many did not progress beyond N.11/47) E. Meteor NF.15/4 8 Delta-wing research (for Avro 698 ) Avro 707 and 707B the Type 535. the design matured through Types 528 and 535.H.H.E.9/47 Single-seat naval ﬁghter development Supermarine 508 /525/529 The Swift’s progress was even more complex.2 come into force with designs that were already B. each indicated by a sufﬁ x letter.5 and D. but the year of issue was dispensed with.
was drafted. Requirement/Air (SR/A) was introduced.meet the resulting Speciﬁcation R. that the two ORs were was issued.9/47.44/46.1054 and P.17/45.Interest was also being shown in a lightweight ker’s P. The design underwent further amendments to produce the YYePG Proudly Presents. The wing designs in its bids for F. When the Blackburn Buccasigns. As will be seen. and its eventual production was covered De Havilland also retained an existing feature in by Speciﬁcation 42/46.110 was originally built to meet Speciﬁcation F. Gloster had proposed delta.40/46. the Gloster GA. ABOVE The ﬁrst prototype D. an undercarriageless ﬁghter project. F. and a new speciﬁcation. Air Staff Requirement tion N. initially designed as the Type 505. Both companies received been imagined that the type would growl away contracts to build prototypes. This was sired by a naval interest in having an undercarriageless ﬁghter. preﬁ xing its a dedicated nightﬁghter. Gloster’s P. but the Admiralty cancelled the needs. which led to the Service also wanted new armament for its ﬁght.123 and the Supermarine 511.227 was redrafted and project and only a few were manufactured. The D. the ﬁrst British ﬁghter to carry air-to-air missiles as its sole armament. By 1947 the Admiralty had gone off the idea.44/46.aircraft being referred to as the NA. Supermarine modiﬁed its design into the Type 508.5 in RAF service for another 40 years. evolved from OR.110 which it tendered to the ﬁrst issued to 120 Sqn in 1951 it could not have new speciﬁcation. and this. Following Royal Navy interest it was developed to Speciﬁcation N.43/46 was discarded. in its trainer role. Helicopter requirements for both the RAF and Later the Royal Navy showed interest in the de the Royal Navy saw a number of new speciﬁcaHavilland design after considering projects tendered by Blackburn. Coastal Command’s needs for of the Meteor nightﬁghter variants. for which Supermarine initially designed the Type 505. later amended to F. a Staff N.1 VR137 and Hawker Tempest II prototype LA607. as Navy’s GR.248 anti-submarine aircraft. The Royal after considering Vickers and Molin projects.SPECIFICATIONS or a design was considered impractical. or the Treasury exerted pressure” an Air Staff Target (AST).39. Fairey and Westland in response to Speciﬁcation N.aircraft with an M. Before the advent of the Sea Vixen the only Royal Navy aircraft with a high-subsonic performance was the Supermarine Scimitar. BELOW The Supermarine Scimitar evolved from the Type 508. The second prototype Type 535 Swift. and retained name Shackleton was bestowed upon the dethis conﬁguration in its P.105P2.5/46. from neer went into production it was covered by which speciﬁcations F. Westland Wyvern TF. was amended to N.43/46 for a single-seater emerged.44/46 was issued to cover development During the war.39 until it ers. into production as the Fairey Gannet to SpeciﬁHowever. a new F. to Speciﬁcation F. Even later.272 design to F.44/46 for a two-seater Speciﬁcation M.1057. submitted to the speciﬁcations. being selected for RAF service as the Javelin. with an undercarriage and a butterﬂy tail. ended up at Cranﬁeld along with other unique types such as Saunders-Roe SR. originating from the Admiand F. which had been open for several years. and SpeciﬁcaABOVE LEFT The uncompleted Supermarine Type 545.113P covering its production.4/48. and Avro submitted its Type 696 to tendered designs. all those operating at numbering for ﬁghters with an N and for strike the time being adaptations of day ﬁghter de.320 tion.Consolidated Liberator.148. the Royal Navy had entered By 1946 the RAF was aware that it did not have into the new speciﬁcation system.9/47. to which Short Brothers produced put on hold while the Air Staff re-evaluated their the Seamew.227 was again amended to a new speciﬁca. N.234 and P.4/48.A/1 TG263. This generated ORs 227 and 228. AEROPLANE MARCH 2006 81 . including Haw. Early in 1946 OR. in turn. and Speciﬁcation M.H. Admiralty reconsideration produced Speciﬁcation N.H. and two years later met by the Vickers Wellington and Warwick and OR. Speciﬁcation long-range land-based aircraft had mainly been F. and the Aden 30mm cannon was selected received its swashbuckling name. made its maiden ﬂight on August 11. went well as the 4·5in Halstead recoilless gun.117P. sign.220.117P and.40/46.4/48. Speciﬁcation Air Staff Requirement (NASR). Consequently OR. VX133. Naval Air Staff Target (NAST) or Naval development into the Scimitar. 1951. When the aircraft was the twin-boom D. to which Gloster and de Havilland was raised.H.Thx for Support conventionally tailed Type 525. keeps it company here. VV119.14/49. The ralty Requirement NR/A. T.110 was redesigned to produce the Sea Vixen.113D was issued to cover the design’s (ASR). so many different proposals were cations GR. which. the ﬁrst Type 508.
27/46 for a research aircraft with emerged the Fairey Gyrodyne. In the receiving the attention of several manufactures mid-1950s the concept of the winged helicopter in meeting MoS requirements. and Database.SPECIFICATIONS TOP LEFT Admiralty requirement NR/A. on September 11. Victor.4/47. originally designed “ﬂying laboratory”. However. and via a programme of models ﬁred from the RAE rocket range at Aberporth and the Long-range Weapons Establishment at Woomera.3/48) and Short Sperrin VX158 (B. In reality their input to the bomber blades. and con. Australia.wing-leading-edge vibration problem. and Speciﬁcafaded. VX330. BELOW Avro Type 707B VX790 was one of ﬁve of its kind built to Speciﬁcations E.111 VT935 (E. with additional aircraft to extended the research proa pressure-jet at the tip of each of its four rotor gramme. Ministry of Supply (MoS) inter.14/46). some of which came to fruition while others were abandoned. March 1994 Aeroplane. and Speciﬁcation E. To further the development of both aircraft and engines a large number of experimental speciﬁcations were issued. TOP RIGHT Fairey Gannet prototype VR548.15/48 and E. from which Speciﬁcation E.314 was raised to investigate programme was mainly conﬁ ned to curing a the aircraft’s ability to meet an army require. However. Flown YYePG Proudly Presents. It was attached to a basic Supermarine During the second half of the 1940s. From nearest to camera: Boulton Paul P. ﬁrst of the breed.6/48 was raised to cover its manufacture and research. Boulton Paul met generated Speciﬁcation E. but one of later BP. often mooted by the MoS.17/45. December 2005 Aeroplane ). later named Buccaneer. Its development its P. as the aircraft broke up in mid-air after only two months’ ﬂying.39 resulted in the Blackburn NA. the six to Speciﬁcation E. VX360. ment.1.10/49 as deltawing research aircraft for the Type 698 Vulcan bomber. ABOVE A trio of prototypes at the SBAC Display.142D. 1951.4/46.P. tinuing into the 1950s.27/49 for the was covered by Speciﬁcation E.120.111/P. the aircraft 82 AEROPLANE MARCH 2006 .20/45. written around Saunders-Roe’s SR. aerodynamics progressed and Speciﬁcation E. Fairey’s Research and Armament Development Division at Heston was invited to participate. for which Speciﬁcation E. did not progress beyond three prototypes. which went into production nently during the 1950s.Thx for Support with a conventional undercarriage. the result of Speciﬁcation GR.aircraft built were produced without any OR or more to Speciﬁcation 34/46.10/49 to produce three which was fulﬁlled by the Fairey Rotodyne. A principle reason for it ley Page designed and built a small-scale verbeing abandoned was the high noise generated sion of the crescent-wing proﬁle chosen for the by the tip-mounted pressure jets.150. evolved into the Syca. Farnborough. Hawker P.tion E. The earlier E. though they performed to the requirements of the roles for which they were designed. In 1947 the MoS gave serious consideration to the idea of a ramp-launched interceptor.111A. at a prodigious rate by virtue of the rapid strides made in turbojet engines. but its affect on the Victor was nil. designed its Type 173 twin-rotor helicopter to Research into wing planforms featured promiSpeciﬁcation E. the Ashton. was not viable. This is XK486. the company produced the delta-winged FD.27/46). Some progressed into production aircraft.6/44 speciﬁcation. while others proved that a certain idea. but only one was built for both military At the behest of both the MoS and RAE. Avro had adopted the layout for its the two examples built crashed and the project Type 698 Vulcan bomber design. the delta conﬁguration as the Belvedere to Speciﬁcation H. Then OR.39. this the Research Helicopter Speciﬁcation RH. later being rewritten as E.1067 WB188 (F.Attacker fuselage to produce the H.A/1 jet ﬁghter ﬂying-boat.16/47. and this was the stage reached by many experimental designs.10/47 was raised ( Delta One. and the company speciﬁcation being raised.15/48 was issued to provide two small est in a larger winged helicopter brought about Type 707 aircraft to further its development.88. One type that performed an enormous amount of valuable research in both electronics and engine development was Avro’s tions raised. Handand civil applications. The Bristol 171.
Victor B. which evolved into the Pegasus of today. The original speciﬁcation C.139P Naval all-weather ﬁghter D. was taken Speciﬁcation E..2 seded by ER. production being covered by SR. around which Speciﬁcation ER.2 ignated the BAC.134 High-speed research Bristol Type 188 velop the F.H. 1957. for the company to manufacture two prototypes. around which built its Thrust Measuring Rig (TMR) to prove written for a concept trials aircraft. In August 1951 ﬁghter was the Saundersthe possibilities of direct lift. Thus began the Harrier story.2 supersonic ﬂight envelope. yond an unﬁnished mock-up.103 High-speed delta-wing research Fairey F. H. as laid down in SpecB.103C to deER.122 Intruder bomber E. IB.128P Medium-range bomber production H. allocated the Siddeley Viper AS.345 was raised for an aircraft designed around the new engine. but like Saro’s 177 it the ﬁrst of two built.117 Naval anti-submarine production Fairey Gannet AS. Venom NF. was issued to HR.301 was issued. WG774 and WG777. the Proof and Experimental Establishment (PEE) at Shoeburyness to become an expensive target Spec Role Aircraft to perfect armament development.BELOW Speciﬁcation ER. plus an additional one large practical ﬁghter. later increased to six.285 Pathﬁnder/bomber Vickers Valiant B.132 m.9/47) Supermarine Scimitar GR. to and XG905.127 Helicopter production (all variants) Westland Whirlwind cover the programme.B.Avro Shackleton. Roe SR.P.C. 1956.D.204D was written.105P/P2/D2 Single-seat ﬁghter Supermarine Swift totypes.pair of cheek-mounted in the rear fuselage for conventional ﬂight.D.124T was super.137D.132 Long-range transport Vickers V1000 (cancelled) was amended to ER. Hawker offered its P.1.A/1.V8 turbojet and D.H.1 was going well in turning its P.177. by producing the two F. TG263 being the tion ER. but this was later superB.2 world absolute speed record into four ﬁgures on N.1 and serialled XG900 rocket motor.2 proF.255P and P1. when it attained 1. and the company designed a Speciﬁcation R.SPECIFICATIONS existed for ﬁve years.129P Medium-range bomber production Avro Vulcan B. Power was provided by four Rolls.124T also generated interest at Avro. Sea Vixen ER. and Speciﬁcation E.2 into a supersonic ﬁghter. the The idea of carrying dead-weight inactive en.113 Single-seat navy ﬁghter (dev from N.104/OR.D. The aircraft became 20mm Hispano cannon.Thx for Support derivatives.143 and Short Brothers was awarded a SR.117/OR. Speciﬁcation produced Short’s S.117 Naval trainer Fairey Gannet T.150 Twin-rotor helicopter production Bristol Belvedere By the early 1950s turbojet development had advanced to a stage where available thrusts were reaching parity with the all-up-weight of a Another consideration in the same era was the TOP LEFT A unique British small ﬁ xed-wing aircraft capable of researching mixed-powerplant ﬁghter.1127.143 well until the project was closed 14 years later.E. The former took the F.14 8T Two-seat naval strike Blackburn Buccaneer production Lightning.seded by F. Spectre TOP RIGHT The ﬁrst prototype company designation S.103.53 project was abandoned because English Electric N.h. Meeting requirements.5/46.p.5 its delta-wing research into the high-subsonic/ ER.255D. had a Royce RB.4 March 10. Then GOR. the BE. and culminated in two written.2 and T.193.221D and the aircraft became desB.53.1 and B. Canberra B(I).3 while WG777 was converted at Filton in the early T.2 and AS.7 1960s to further the development of Concorde.100 Swept-wing research Short S. but the F. contract to build two prototypes. but were abandoned. but did not progress be.C. which world’s ﬁrst practical S/VTOL research aircraft. VW126. Speciﬁcations SR.1 performed known as the SR. when Bristol Engines’ technical director Stanley came to a halt at the mock-up stage. Fairey took ER.143 S/VTOL research Short S. Speciﬁcation E.220 Naval early warning Fairey Gannet AEW.250D and P were raised for Hawker’s P.1154 supersonic YYePG Proudly Presents. 1951 to 1960.124T.1 and B. requirements and resulting aircraft.177D was written.1150 and P. GR.221. powered by an Armstrong ﬁrst of three prototypes .C. (later Sir Stanley) Hooker converted French engineer Michel Wibault’s provisional ideas into a practical engine with swivelling output nozzles.C.1 project into the M. 1951–1960 AEROPLANE MARCH 2006 83 . so the MoS raised Speciﬁca.103B and ER. around which Speciﬁca. XG900 was gines around in conventional ﬂight was negated produced the Type 720.138P Mixed-powerplant interceptor research Saunders-Roe SR.108 All-weather ﬁghter D. though the concept had long since been abandoned.E.108 lift engines.up by Saunders-Roe. Like many other research aircraft of the time it was consigned to Representative speciﬁcations.2 iﬁcation ER.8 An original speciﬁcation. ER. the S.H. From tion F.53 prototypes.6/44 was the basic principle. Rolls-Royce had OR. a ﬁrst ﬂight on April 2. which evolved via the Kestrel into development to meet Speciﬁcation SR.
Thx for Support .YYePG Proudly Presents.
YYePG Proudly Presents.Thx for Support .
Once required viewing for all new RAF recruits. 10 hours 37 minutes approx.CLASH OF WINGS Based on the international bestselling book by Walter Boyne. featuring the pick of nearly 2 million feet of Allied and Axis footage.21461 WAR IN THE AIR Available at selected stores and at www.uk YYePG Proudly Presents. this stunning series has never been repeated since the 1950s and is presented here complete in a three-disc DVD box set with accompanying 32-page booklet. DD. This four-disc DVD set includes two hour-long bonus specials on fighter and bomber types.hmv.Thx for Support .21755 The BBC's outstanding documentary series on aerial warfare from 1935 to 1950. 7 hours 30 minutes approx. this is the definitive film history of aerial warfare during WWII.co. DD.
His military ﬂying began in 1943 on the Fairchild PT-19 basic trainer. ISBN 1-85780-212-8. and gained Martin Marauder experience before departing for the UK in mid-1944. and de Havilland announced that a Moth “ready to go” ex-factory would cost £885. £12. Hinckley. this autobiography concentrates on the author’s “small part” in the air war over Europe. An readers.53. which new book on Shropshire’s 9¼in x 6¼in softback. so Box 1916.99). AEROPLANE MARCH 2006 87 . aircraft in Shropshire skies. It was towed back littlefor Support angle. there was a wide variety of Shropshire TF7 5XZ. 4 Watling Drive.60 by the founding secretary of the Moth Club is essential reading for anyone interested in light aircraft. the sales slogan used by de Havilland for its then-new Moth.60s as decoys. Sleap is reputed to be with the excellent Action READY OR NOT: INTO THE WILD BLUE (by J. Other airﬁelds. Readers of our Information Exchange pages may recall a query in May 2004 about the use of impressed D. Many of its 200 a B-17 pilot. including a graphic account of his seven months as a PoW after his aircraft was shot down over Germany on October 25. but this Lincolnshire PE12 6AP. Canada.51 and D. to browse in. Twenty airﬁelds are amusing one on page 47 covered. air races (winning the 1927 King’s Cup) and many other events. illustrated.H. hit the control tower in 1943. Examples were supplied to the RAF and other air forces. but it appears to exceed 1. PoW tried to escape in a Spitﬁre before being spotted by Many readers will be familiar USAAF MEMOIR a WAAF. a two-seater with folding wings. 1907. Francis haunted by the ghosts of two Stations series covering British Angier.H. with many An introduction describes personal reminiscences early aviation in the county. It is difﬁcult to state categorically the number of D. 192 pages.99 the airﬁeld where a German plus p&p £1. About half of the book is given over to Angier’s wartime experiences. so familiar being Cosford and heavily censored as to be Shawbury. illustrated. and begins with some details of the company’s earlier designs. however. Caiger Publications. ISBN 09548530-2-4.60. makes gripping reading. ﬂew on February 22. the D. and they were built in Australia. making this a worthy Book of the Month. before starting on the story of the D. boundary and ﬁnished up on a subject from a more personal YYePG Proudly Presents. some were ﬁtted with ﬂoats or skis. while Tilstock illustrations by Crécy Publishing. or “Vibrator” as it was affectionately known. 457th Bomb Group 8th Air Force. G-EBKT and ’BKU. £17.Thx Subtitled The aviation career of road. 140 Rednal is remembered as pages. Other examples that it was not considered worthwhile to keep in airworthy condition were relegated to useful ground instructional duties throughout the country. 11½in x 8¾in hardback. 274 broke through the airﬁeld airﬁelds approaches the pages.Navigat r BOOK OF THE MONTH DE HAVILLAND D.60 MOTH (by Stuart McKay. Moths took part in long-distance ﬂights. 11¼in x 9in hardback. a ﬁrst illustration dating from good read for just under £18. and there are 16 pages of colour illustrations. An appendix lists more than 100 survivors throughout the world. now being updated 39 Backgate. 1925. but many are no laughable! This is a great book longer recognisable. France (by Morane-Saulnier) and the USA. He ﬁnally got to Boeing B-17s via Beechcraft AT-10 twins.H. showing a trio of Moths and a pavilion-style clubhouse at a typical 1930s club airﬁeld. Leicestershire LE10 3EY. followed by the ubiquitous Vultee BT-13 Valiant. Cowbit. and page 189 mentions this and their modiﬁcation to resemble current trainers or Hurricanes to the untrained eye (very untrained for the latter!). (by Toby Neal. was of simple construction. intended to be suitable for ﬂying clubs but with sufﬁcient performance for touring and the like.H. Reproduction is excellent.95). It begins. this affectionate record of the D.650.H. Langrish such as Hinstock and Peplow. with some family background and his pre-war ﬂying. probably the most shows a Turbinlite aircraft. Stephens. PO were used by the navy. Tests proceeded well. MIKE HOOKS READER OFFERS PAGE 91 NEXT MONTH PAGE 92 SERVICES PAGE 92 CLASSIFIED PAGE 95 photographs will be new to the worse for wear. His vivid description of this event. the bringing incidents to life. Midland Publishing. yearby-year. and detailed study will be worthwhile and interesting. illustrated. AIRFIELD HISTORY used by USAAF P-47 SHROPSHIRE AIRFIELDS Thunderbolts. ISBN 0-9544507WAAFs killed when a Whitley airﬁelds from publisher Patrick 7-9. and the ﬁrst of the two prototypes. It follows his earlier acclaimed book on the Tiger Moth (still available). Old Forge Publishing. A source of delight is the specially commissioned painting by Keith Woodcock for the book’s jacket. Telford.H.H. This is a book to dip into at leisure. Finland.60 variants built overall. and his miraculous escape from the plummeting wreckage following the explosion of the B-17. From these early days the story runs chapter-by-chapter. and the ﬁrst airﬁeld MIKE HOOKS described (they are in alphabetical order) is Atcham. BOOKS•VIDEOS•INTERNET•OFFERS•EVENTS•INFORMATION CONTENTS BOOKS PAGES 87–89 INTERNET PAGE 89 INFORMATION EXCHANGE PAGES 90–91 Subtitled The World’s Most Successful Light Aeroplane.99). aerobatic displays. £24. include Stirling EF210. so it is easy to trace a particular period in the type’s history. 1944. The new design.
royalnavyhistoricﬂight. £24. MEMORABLE DECADE because I bashed there in SHADOWS OF THE FIFTIES 1946 during National Service. was the home of No 2 Radio School and also a PHILIP JARRETT square-bashing camp. £9. Yatesbury Association. Owing to an extraordinary clerical error he almost got to ﬂy the North American B-45 Tornado bomber. AMS Educational. but the BOULTON PAUL DEFIANT certainly be ordering the latest. giving the maintenance serials. 1935. but politely declined. Dorset Radar Fitter’s course there SP8 5EW. awarded a contract to operate weekend AOP squadrons. Throughout. Woodside Trading Estate. MIKE HOOKS BOOK S•VIDEOS• OFFER S Web: www. Kingston and publisher. illustrated.Navigat r After some physical and psychological difﬁculties readjusting to peacetime conditions. It is 89450-19-4. they saw extensive action throughout the conﬂict. Air America School on the former western softback is welcome. a list of aircraft at the airﬁeld in 1960. well-produced on good paper. ISBN 09548236-0-5. many authors. to name a few. over the Bank Holiday weekend. available from the author.W. (by Peter G. In addition. and although the Swordﬁsh he ﬂew were considered obsolete at the beginning of the war. aircraft accidents by type and date (no serials. A wide-ranging softback.99 or £11 Aeroplane Company was on post-war South America. Ashtree House. when the Bristol collection. and has some good clean drawings. 36 were two aerodromes stories.org. illustrated. Appendices cover the Servicemen buried in the churchyard. which I never knew existed. title to be decided but with tales of the 1940s as its theme. and it opened on pages describe the prototype. the a Reserve Flying Training The Deﬁant has not attracted 1959 London—Paris air race. the something for everybody. but it certainly looks at this bit of the air war over the UK from a variety of different angles. £14. several pages of full-colour artwork side elevations of speciﬁc aircraft related to the events recounted are interspersed among the text. the appalling weather conditions and the U-boats to bring home convoy after convoy of desperately-needed supplies. presumably mistaking the Deﬁants for Hurricanes.aeroplanemonthly. 8¼in x 6in some years after me. it was not long before before the Luftwaffe realised the type’s weaknesses. He has dug deeply and come Anyone who bought the three up with much information. Bristol BS14 8TA. and showed interest but that the author has managed to Boulton Paul was prevented amass a considerable number from accepting export orders. 5¾in x 8½in softback. the volume is profusely illustrated in both colour and black-and-white. Hull and York. some of these are reconstructions based upon limited available information. ISBN 0-9545605-7-4. Of necessity. £7. The meat of Stanley’s book tells in humble and matter-of-fact narrative the story of 836 Sqn. AL3 7PE. 146 Stockwood Lane. a boon to modelmakers but also of interest to historians. Horsforth. so this new farm-strip ﬂying. The early and ﬂying with Howard aerodrome. 120 pages. Angier joined the Vermont National Guard. It recounts the real lives of men who fought the sea. YYePG Proudly Presents. For several months Deﬁants helped in air-sea rescue. May 26–29.000 trainees. Ottringham. 88 AEROPLANE MARCH 2006 . War.). expansion included the site Hawker Hotspur. and other details. ﬁne colour artwork by Artur Juszczak and plenty of detailed colour illustrations. and it is The good news is that which became the training interesting that the Belgians camp and Radio School. A considerable amount of entertainment and insight is packed into this volume. completing seven tours and ﬂying a variety of types. £13. known as MAC ships. Royal Flying Corps did not (by Mark Ansell. aerodrome. Wiltshire. and nightﬁghter operations. Redbourn. including p&p). 254 pages. It will be the tenth anniversary of G-VFWE. It is well-produced on good paper. with contributions by Ver Road. in fact January 1.com another volume. I know. Its performance carrying two crew and the heavy four-gun turret. the Battle of Britain. unfortunately). came down at Ottringham on August 20. ﬂying DHC Beavers and Bell 47 helicopters. Station Road. the pictures embracing contemporary photos and memorabilia. 9in x 6½in Little happened until August enthusiasts.99). Campbell. of personal reminiscences The ﬁrst squadron to receive throughout the period Deﬁants was 264 at MartleYatesbury was in use. Mushroom arrive until 1917. which is amply illustrated with blackand-white photos throughout. ﬁnishing ﬂying on an old Beech 18 with Northern Airways. Hughes. and value for money. was not up to day ﬁghting. 278 pages. While operations over and colour illustrations. 176 pages. so please support it. when there an anthology of true aviation Model Publications. became a member of the RAF illustrated. The ﬁrst enemy aircraft to fall to the guns of a Polish ﬁghter squadron in the RAF.95). will be available at the 2006 Great Vintage Flying Weekend to be held at Keevil. but it is clearly stated when this is the case. The publisher evidently had more than business interests at heart in producing this volume. but when switched to night-ﬁghting the Deﬁant stood in until better-equipped twinengined aircraft were available. £18 plus £5 p&p UK. Anyone who served at Yatesbury will ﬁnd much of interest here. Hope to see you there! MIKE HOOKS YATESBURY’S PAST PHILIP JARRETT YORKSHIRE AT WAR RAF YATESBURY – THE HISTORY (by Phil Tomaselli. hopefully with better weather than in 2005. it includes chapters illustrated. the attack on RAF Drifﬁeld. Further mentioning its competitor. and later softback. a Junkers Ju 88. and RAF Townsend.50 Europe). Low Lane. and the standard of reproduction is high. 209 pages. nestling in the Wiltshire Downs near Calne. but the type’s ﬁnal role was as an unglamorous target tug. First World War squadrons based there. a splendid effort in selfpublishing. who took an Air Magna. Gillingham. In 13 chapters the author covers such aspects as the Phoney The RAF station at Yatesbury. So this is really local history. An index helps to make the information accessible. labour of love by the author Little Hintock. Then came a spell with the Army Guard.Thx for Support successful because enemy the later name for the MAC SHIPS ACHTUNG! SWORDFISH! MERCHANT AIRCRAFT CARRIERS (by Stanley Brand. Herts more than 20 pilots and separated by a road. ﬁghters attacked from behind. 1936. including the Lockheed T-33 and F-94 Starﬁre and the Cessna L-19 Bird Dog. memory. with sham Heath in December complementary monochrome 1939.99 plus £2 p&p from Allison Dufosee. Leeds LS18 5NY. East Yorkshire HU12 0BJ. a breakdown by year of almost 151. illustrated. The book covers all of these aspects. ISBN 1-86029-8052. ISBN 83which follows the pattern.uk) Stanley Brand was a Fleet Air Arm pilot during the Second World War. Dunkirk in May 1940 were Also covered are RAF Cherill. CLASSIC FIGHTER earlier books in this series will beginning in 1086. the raids against Bridlington. Flight Recorder Publications. MIKE HOOKS AIR WAR OVER EAST YORKSHIRE IN WORLD WAR II (by Paul Bright. Warminster BA12 7YP or online at www. charged with the protection of the North Atlantic convoys using Swordﬁsh ﬂown off impossibly small converted merchant vessels. PO Box 2456. not a particularly happy ISBN 1-902807-21-9. on the same Rolls-Royce Merlin engine as the single-seat ﬁghters. This new book is a Cirrus Associates (S. 11¾in x 8½in hardback. 1940 (though the victorious Hurricane pilot was actually the unit’s English commanding ofﬁcer). 11¾in x 8½in hardback. There is much here both for students of the region’s wartime history and for those with a more general interest in Britain at war.
Like the sites above. As well as the usual reviews and discussions. The concentration is on smaller-scale aircraft. which tend to be colourful and can be made relatively simply by converting existing kits. which I had crashed in 1944”. and the “premium content” is now only available to subscribers and purchasers of the latest issue at the newsstand. and you need to know or guess the approximate date and type of feature before you start.squadron. Aidan was lured by aviation in his early years.com/index2.com has a site full of content. Similar in concept but not quite as polished is Scott van Aken’s Modeling Madness (note the single “l” as used by American sites) at http://modelingmadness.com) and Hobby Link Japan (www. while on a long-range sortie (only his second reconnaissance). Liddell managed to regain control of the badly damaged R.seawings. of conditions so cold and ﬂights so long that pilots had to be winched out of their cockpits.aircraftresourcecenter. ABOVE News and reviews of a wide range of kits. The story is a quite excellent read. there is a large reference library including paint charts and a “tech tips” section with advice on numerous techniques. Locating articles related to a particular kit or vehicle can take work. They also form the most moving images in this well-illustrated volume. providing reference material. in Flanders and in the ﬁrst battle of Ypres. whose dramatic pictures of Liddell being gingerly lifted from his cockpit made the front page of the Daily Mirror. product news. Kings Reach Tower. but Internet Modeler http://internetmodeler.org) is one of the best. will be found at cybermodeler. Pen & Sword Books. If some of the above has inspired a desire to purchase kits. Many model makers specialise in particular themes. The event was recorded by a photographer. Stamford Street. but his memory is still lucid and his penmanship masterly. principally ﬂying the rather cumbersome Royal Aircraft Factory R. USA-based magazine FineScale Modeler (FSM) at www. chat rooms for hobbyists and inspirational galleries of ﬁnished models. brought the aircraft and his observer down to a perfect landing at La Panne.ﬁnescale. despite considerable mobility problems caused as a result of his war service. For monthly reviews of the best on the web 89 PHILIP JARRETT . including aircraft. He retains incredible energy and motivation. and learned to ﬂy at the Vickers School at Brooklands in 1914.aeroplanemonthly. and difﬁcult to put down once you start. Michael Benolkin’s Cybermodeler Online at www. this volume pays a belated tribute to one of the RFC’s true heroes.5 and. All of the above are updated most days. Many branches of the International Plastic Modellers’ Society (IPMS) have websites. in his words “to keep Swordﬁsh W5856 ﬂying. Following the outbreak of war. Scale Fire Bombers (http://www. as the search function is a bit ﬁddly. This well-produced biography traces the life of its subject from his childhood and education at Stoneyhurst College and Balliol. Well researched and lucidly written.org. there are many online outlets. kit lists and reviews on the model side. it is good for potted histories of the subject vehicles as well as the nitty-gritty of the models themselves.com is a monthly magazine. Only six days later. plans and walk-around photos of the fullsize machines. on August 31. 47 Church Street. 304 pages. among other sources.hlj. ISBN 1-844151-160-3. Barnsley. .5 reconnaissance aircraft. despite his terrible wounds. 9½in x 6½in hardback. but his condition deteriorated. JOHN BEATTIE A HERO’S LIFE WITH A SMILE AND A WAVE: THE LIFE OF CAPTAIN AIDAN LIDDELL VC MC (by Peter Daybell. Another niche interest is ﬁreﬁghting aircraft. is devoted to 1⁄72nd-scale ﬂying-boats and seaplanes. Daybell provides a unique insight into life in the trenches. but has recently relaunched. which has the highest standard of models and photography.cybermodeler. of many a landing with nothing but vapour in the fuel tanks. Recovering consciousness after passing out. There are several well-established sites. illustrated.com. he joined 7 Sqn at St Omer.co. It includes build articles. Stanley is now in his 82nd year. armour and ship kits and accessories. London SE1 9LS We hear of last-chance attempts to locate and rescue stragglers. ABOVE helikitnews. Squadron mail order in the USA (http://www. but also armour. The motivation for his later transfer to the RFC is unknown.99). leading to a lot of frankly tedious jokes. 1915. he lets it be edited by a “monkey”.hyperscale. but after having his right leg amputated he ﬁnally succumbed. Helicopter modellers are catered for at Heli Kit News http:// www.Thx for Support AEROPLANE MARCH 2006 . By August 3 Liddell was able to write home. which largely consists of new product info and model galleries. on July 31. South Yorkshire S70 2AS. The Aircraft Resource Center at http://www. run by Bryan Ribbans. and aircraft proﬁles. and describes the actions for which his subject was mentioned in despatches and awarded the Military Cross in February 1915. The king of these is Australian Brett Green’s Hyperscale. ships and cars. when the site owner is away. he was severely injured when his aircraft was attacked by an enemy two-seater. Aidan Liddell served on the Western Front on the Marne and Aisne.com) which specialises in Japanese-manufactured kits. conversion parts and decals. scaleﬁrebombers.com is particularly good for industry news and reviews of aircraft. subscribe to Aeroplane quickly & easily at www. It covers aircraft mostly.com. £19.com. ABOVE One of the prime International Plastic Modellers Society sites is ipmsstockholm.com caters for modellers with a special interest in rotorcraft kits.hannants. He was gazetted the fourth VC to be awarded to a member of the ﬂying Services.co. a very active forum and hundreds of reviews and previews of new kits and accessories. There is considerable humour in this straightforward account of the everyday actions of very brave men who played an unsung yet vital part in the winning of the Second World War. and it is a good place to ﬁnd builds of older kits. of building one good Swordﬁsh from the remains of three in midAltlantic. All author’s royalties from his book will be given to the Royal Navy Historic Flight.helikitnews.html) has features on virtually all the types used for ﬁreﬁghting.E. http://www.com YYePG Proudly Presents.uk/. and Sea Wings at http://www. aged 27. but on July 25.I N T ER N E T•S ER V I C E S• I N F O R M AT I O N • CO M PE T I T I O N S• E V EN T S Write to: Aeroplane. The best include the UK’s Hannants (www.uk). com/.com. into the army as an ofﬁcer of the Argyll & Sutherland Highlanders before the outbreak of the First World War. Using hitherto unseen family papers and photographs and Aidan Liddell’s papers in the National Archive. and ﬁnally into the Royal Flying Corps as a pilot. but IPMS Stockholm (in Swedish and English at http://ipmsstockholm. often by means of Liddell’s own diaries and letters. which also offers a lively modellers’ forum.E. and lists of available kits. . special terms being offered for military ofﬁcers. Happy Model(l)ing! ABOVE High standards are set by hyperscale. INTERNET Compiled by Jim Winchester THE INTERNET HAS BEEN a boon for scale-model makers.com/ features models built by a very international readership. and the subsequent near-disastrous test ﬂight. Occasionally.
The mail between belligerents engine is a Bunch Tiger Aero. ABOVE Mike Beach’s mystery Bunch model aircraft — what YYePG Proudly was it used for? See his query in column three. and the model has from England to Lisbon where all the signs of a production it was transferred to a German item for military use. and this aircraft was subsequently registered G160 for the RFC.com Exchange ■ Brian Goulding.H. He has manufactured between 1940 found references to a service and 1945. and after being transferred to 11 OTU it was posted missing on 17. delivery to France in 1952 etc.Navigat r Information ■ David Darnley replies to the photograph (January 2006) of the R. proceeds from which will go towards maintenance of the Lincs Aviation Heritage Centre exhibits. approx date of build and original Russian colour scheme — it is currently in Yugoslav marks. who wish to erect a memorial plaque. Simmonds and B. Francis DFC of 3 Squadron beside R. quoting from Cross & Cockade Vol 13 No 4.41 Blenheim L1449 of 54 OTU (Church Fenton) at Cockayne Ridge. Worcs WR9 0NU.T. Vaughan. Hainsworth as observer. is researching the circumstances of a mid-air collision between Wellington DV612/PM-J of 103 Squadron with a German Bf 110 nightﬁghter during a raid on Cologne on the night of 13–14. The Wellington returned to Elsham Wolds with minor damage.3. bought a 5ft span model aircraft recently. an M11A manufactured in 1947. 5 Alder Close. asks on behalf of the local RAFA. Notts NG12 2DN.E.W. For more details visit the website at www. Flt Sgt A.D. which held the record for service ﬂying on the Western Front with 440hr 35min. H.E.F. On the ﬁn is 3775 and the engine. Woodhead. has numbers 21301A and 16-993. Voght’s Fw 190 of JG26.G.42.44 Halifax JD106 of 1666 HCU (Wombleton) into high ground near Burton Howe. Made to a ■ David Millere.corgiclassics. ■ Tim Nicoll. and examination revealed it was made by the Bunch Motor Co of Los Angeles. The pilot is Capt R.42 during a raid on Essen. but there is no record of a B-17 mission to Japan. 5056AB Berkel Enschot. I know there is a Dutch book and a recent TV short piece but do not know the channel — can anyone help? BOOK S•VIDEOS• OFFER S Web: www. Most of the intelligence for the mission was provided by Lt Steven Jurika. he forced down a DFW of Flieger Abteilung (A)291 ﬂown by Lt Petz with Lt Moesner (observer). high standard. Haacke.Presents. Hampton Lovett. who had 48 victories. D-47877 Willich. Any information regarding the military service and fates of the above would be appreciated. Voght. was killed on 14.1. Cleveland Hills. but its versa. Yorks. 10000 Zagreb. It was service to Stuttgart and vice originally trainer yellow. The Wellington lasted another six months.D. Frith. Savska cesta 18. Barton le Willows. Droitwich Spa. Churchward.H. ■ Albert Pritchard. Particularly wanted are photographs in Aéronavale service in the Mediterranean and Paciﬁc. test and delivery ﬂights. ■ John Sheraton suggests that the Twin Pioneer 9N-RF6.com Sponsored by Corgi Classics Die-cast Models for the Adult Collector Senders of photos and replies to questions on this page will receive a model from the Corgi Showcase Collection. North Lodge. is researching delivery of covered with aircraft linen. under construction at Austin Motors. pilot Plt Off J. Brookes and D. Can anyone give him RAF markings are probably not information on these services. is looking for new photographs of the East Kirkby Lancaster NX611 for possible inclusion in the rewrite of Story of a Lanc.Thx Any ideas? for Support or suggest a source? 90 AEROPLANE MARCH 2006 . the Naval Attaché in Tokyo during the 1930s. ■ Zoran Kirchhoffer at the Technical Museum. Help is requested to ﬁnd the origin of the aircraft.44 by Obst L. Barth Vogelsang.8 A4397. Middx TW1 1HW.T. who ceased production post-war.9. Are you trying to ﬁnd the answer to a thorny aviation question? Or trace an old aviation ABOVE Lancaster G-ASXX/NX611 arrives at Biggin Hill in April 1966 — see request for new photographs in column three. it has many Newton Abbot. Radcliffe-on-Trent. which comprises a careful selection of historically signiﬁcant aircraft from the past 100 years of ﬂight. ■ John Bale.7.8. Croatia. mostly ﬂown by Francis. The fforstal. is seeking to help a neighbour who ﬂew a number of sorties during Operation Manna. whose Mustang III FZ195 was shot down south of Rotterdam on 18. whether anyone can add further names to two crashes — 18. who had travelled extensively noting strategic targets. 1 Bailey Court. 24 Cole Park Road. derelict at Lukla in October 1977. Bibby of 19 Squadron. Wakeﬁeld Road. ■ Mike Beach. Can anyone give Mr van Beers information on Bibby’s background? ■ Michael Howell responds to the unarmed B-17 query (July) to say that there were four B-17s in Alaska used for anti-shipping patrols.9. The Netherlands.A. York YO60 7PD. and asks if there is a video on the subject. Furthstr 13A. Lancaster Lodge.6. Leeds LS26 8DT.O. during World War Two. asks if anyone can provide information as to whether the de Havilland/Hamilton hydraulic variable pitch propeller mechanism which included a counterweight system as ﬁtted to the Wellington IC was designed to include propeller blade feathering? ■ Uwe Beckers. Kerkstraat 39. was probably the source of the Leonides engines found at the same location by Roy Probert and illustrated in our November issue. seeks information on Fg Off C.E. dropping food to the Dutch towards the end of the war. 35 Doverdale Park. pilot Fg Off A. is restoring a two-seat UT-2 (Po-2). Swillington. Bibby baled out and became a PoW at Stalag Luft I.45 in combat with a Mustang of the 78th FG near Cologne. ■ Cyril van Beers. Germany.aeroplanemonthly. Twickenham. its crew consisting of Plt Offs J. If it had been shot down the mission would have been compromised and the Army Air Corps had gone to great lengths to keep it secret. Devon TQW12 inspection stamps and is 4TJ. With Lt R. original. He briefed Doolittle’s crews and provided Japanese medals that were attached to one of Doolittle’s bombs. McConnell and Sgts K. and 23.
says that a local history website mentions a Meteor which reportedly crashed in 1944 at Easton Grey.................... please tick here............ Simply shake it to provide all the light you need.................... secret....... Cranleigh.. will collect your personal information to process your order.....44 with four fatalities — Sub-Lts Green.... Kings Reach Tower.....21 LA255...com ■ Internet users — Please include a postal address with your e-mail query as we often have to include hard copy (e....... A local ﬁreman who attended the crash said that the emergency services had to give an undertaking that they would not divulge details of the aircraft “which had no engines”.99 (inc UK mainland p&p)..... IPC may occasionally pass your details to carefully selected organisations so they can contact you by telephone or post with regards to promoting and researching their products and services....... this model features: ■ Double loop technology to produce double power ■ Super bright LED visible for over 1 mile ■ Waterproof ■ Rechargeable capacitor ■ Length: 11¾in.. special offers and product and service information and take part in our magazine research via email? If yes... used in the Battle of Britain ﬁlm at Henlow 1967 — presumably in the distance — and RAF Wittering 1969–96.............. beer/whisky while you work).. 4 Park View.........I N T ER N E T•S ER V I C E S• I N F O R M AT I O N • CO M PE T I T I O N S• E V EN T S Write to: Mike Hooks. Stamford Street.... giving off no heat..... under supervision in evenings Despatch is within 28 days............. Its synthetic case is virtually indestructible.................. Lupton and Appleby — and asks which was the pilot and who was the fourth fatality.............. Leics.... at one time on the gate at RAF Cardington.. Shaking for 1min will provide up to 3hr of continuous bright light...98 inc free p&p on all UK Mainland orders (for overseas orders call 0870 727 4144 for a postage quotation)....... waterproof........ It takes about 30hr to build..... and the kit includes everything you need except the liquids (e. money back guarantee on goods returned in pristine condition.... Ontario. AEROPLANE MARCH 2006 91 ... Forename ..... simply use the coupon below or call our hotline on 0870 727 4156. Oswestry............... friend? Then this page may help Instant Answer Q A Paul Wilkins asks the fate of Spitﬁre F. The torch is powerful..... and therefore has an extraordinary lifespan (10 years)...... he retired in 1993............. from America... overnight...... Mike Hooks maintained a strong interest in aviation and became Editor of Airports International during 1967–75. we picked up the acronym Mr/Mrs/Ms ........... projecting a cold............21 LA255 during its time at West Raynham. Spanning 18in.... Day Tel No ........... a former for the amount of £_________ made payable to IPC Media Ltd airborne radar mechanic in or please debit my Visa/Mastercard. /... see the “You Wrote” section of Aeroplane’s website: www... Information Exchange.Thx for Support students qualiﬁed.... YYePG Proudly Presents. number: Bomber Command.......aeroplanemonthly..g..... killing the pilot.. Not to be confused with earlier versions.. 4 Meadow Fields. Address.. Brass Spitﬁre Airframe Model Kit IRRESISTIBLE FOR ANYONE who ever built a KeilKraft or similar balsa ﬂying scale model kit: Bigwing has produced a gorgeous. To order........photocopies) with a reply ■ After National Service in the RAF in 1946–48..... Devizes......... p&p TOTAL £ Aeroplane Magazine published by IPC Media Ltd (IPC). Hengoed.. He doesn’t quote the Cardington date but I understand that it was there in 1960–62.... Order yours now for £149... Being highly Surname ..... H4R 2V5... named only as a passenger. where his duties included managing the Press Centre at the Farnborough Air Shows.. Even at radio school.. He then joined the SBAC.. notebooks were kept in safes ...... and burned after the no-quibble..... superglue...E.. J..... He says radar was Expiry date .... has details of the crash of Avenger FN821 of 848 Squadron on 3...... using the coupon below.. Aeroplane. made available Postcode ......... . can even ﬂoat. I can ﬁnd no mention of this crash in any Meteor information — can anyone else? ■ Rob Evans........................................... please return goods within 14 days for a for study....... it was given the cover name radio direction ﬁnding. Please tick here if you prefer not to hear from us....... and asks if anyone can conﬁrm this and say what happened to it? ■ Ron Priddle.... blue/white light...... the 1·5mm brass sheet parts snap together after minimal cleaning-up...... Offer subject to availability. Surrey GU6 8TT OR call the order hotline on 0870 727 4156 Item Quantity Price Total £ I enclose a cheque/postal order (address on back) ■ John Johnston.. beautifully-presented brass version as a sculptural luxury desktop model................ £24.... House.g.. Aeroplane Magazine and IPC would like to contact you by post or telephone to promote and ask your opinion on our magazines and services. Canada...... airport runway.. READER OFFER COUPON Please send me the item(s) speciﬁed below Send your completed coupon to: Aeroplane reader offers.... recalls seeing in 1948 an apparently damaged aircraft — he thinks an Me 262 — at the edge of the Aylmer. ABOVE Spitﬁre F. lacquer.. it is self-jigging. 2298 des Harfangs...... answers the question about RDF (January).. Littlemead.. brass polish....... as it transforms the movement into electrical energy by means of a magnet — the Faraday Effect....... The bulb is a new-generation diode without ﬁlament.................... Chirton..2....... If you’re not completely satisﬁed..... The energy produced is stored in an accumulator that can be recharged thousands of times. ■ Jim Tjelios.. Wilts SN10 3QT.....99 or two for £44... St Laurent (Montreal) QC... Would you like to receive emails from Aeroplane Magazine and IPC containing news. when Signature .M..... not so called until 1943...... It is now on display with the No 1 Squadron Association at RAF Cottesmore......... Mike is an Honorary Life Member of Air-Britain and a member of the Croydon Airport Society READER OFFERS Forever Flashlight THE FOREVER FLASHLIGHT needs neither battery nor electricity................. then to West Raynham 1964–67. Please tick here if you prefer not to be contacted. and will withstand extreme weather conditions.... or by telephone on 0870 727 4156............ Malmesbury....... Shropshire SY10 7EX..... London SE1 9LS ■ For more questions and answers.....
Thx for Support .YYePG Proudly Presents.
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and further acquaintance followed in 1953 when hanging around Tangmere waiting for suitable conditions to cover his world air speed record attempt along the South Coast in the sole P. however. and laments a society in which a great military and test-ﬂying hero is impelled to sell his medals ■ I’VE BEEN TAKEN gently to task by reader Michael Watkins for my “out-of-date” references to RAF VC10s and Queen’s Flight BAE 146s in a recent column. and bring back interstellar dust possibly dating back 4·9 billion years. The remaining VC10s are now operated by 101 Squadron. He still ﬂies and contributes regularly on mostly military aviation subjects to several leading publications. he seems to retain an almost inﬁ nite capacity for taking ’planes. As previously mentioned in Aeroplane. Back in the 1950s.p. in September 1953. Despite increasing hearing problems.000 raised by these effects was partly required to fund a hip replacement operation in a private hospital for his vivacious wife Gwen.518 m. and I’m grateful for his comments to put the record straight.h. that the police would no longer guarantee the security of the memorabilia. and in 2003 received Boeing’s global Aeronautical Journalist of the Decade award RIGHT Test pilot Neville Duke in the cockpit of Hawker Hunter Mk 3 WB188 at the time of his setting of the world air speed record at 727·6 m. mainly in airrefuelling roles. with quoted re-entry speeds of 28. Neville has continued ﬂying light aircraft.Crosswind Asides — and broadsides — from the wings. the Government communications squadron”. involved extraordinary achievements covering a wide range of technologies. With untold billions of stars. and possibly give clues concerning how life began on Earth. WB188. ■ JOHN FRICKER FRAeS has been writing on aviation for more than 60 years. his long-range overseas ﬂights now seem to be undertaken in aircraft chartered from British Airways”. “Its assets were transferred to an expanded No 32 Squadron at RAF Northolt. including 312 as pilot. during which he has ﬂown in some 470 military and civil ﬁxedand rotary-wing aircraft types. with Gwen.p.7R developing up to 9. He points out that The Queen’s Flight was effectively disbanded by the government in 1986. and. just a few months short of its 50th anniversary. the Hunter 3 was pushed by Neville to a new (although short-lived) absolute world speed record of 727·6 m. Launched in 1999 from Cape Canaveral. and completed by successful recovery on January 15 of Lockheed Martin Space Systems’ Stardust spacecraft. Stardust press reports fête it as the fastest manmade object to date. after three break-ins of the Dukes’ home. although its air transport capability remains. I must confess to being awed by contemplating the navigation problems of unlimited omni-dimensional space. without public reference). the £138. (In other words. YYePG Proudly Presents. usually in last surviving Hawker Tomtit G-AFTA. This may be true enough. but on what basis are headings computed? Fortunately. As a complete space layman. to intercept the tail of Comet Wild 2. ■ NASA’S LATEST space spectacular. so far as re-entry vehicles are concerned. to whom profound commiserations are expressed. even when heading the Hawker test-pilot team.p. with JOHN FRICKER This month John sets the record straight about the Queen’s Flight. may provide invaluable insights into conditions extant during early formation of the solar system. as a follow-on to many years in noisy cockpits.h. there are no shortages of astro references. ■ WHAT AN APPALLING indictment of current British society standards is implicit in the recent public auction of the many decorations and associated memorabilia of exWorld War Two ﬁghter leader and record-setting Hawker chief test pilot Squadron Leader Neville Duke DSO DFC & 2 Bars AFC OBE Czech MC.1067 Hunter 3. Meanwhile. he said. He adds: “The VC10 originally equipped 10 Squadron. The Queen’s Flight was quietly axed. was to be seen at many sporting air events.p. In some of these I was also displaying the little Zaunkoenig. vastly superior brains have evidently solved these problems.. no ofﬁcial disbandment parade was authorised”. on September 7. still coasting in deep space at 38.600lb-thrust. salutes the mindboggling achievement of NASA’s comet-chasing Stardust research spacecraft. from the country’s point of view.600 m. but remains well below NASA’s 1977 Voyager probe. they hope. in many sporting shows and air races. These. Neville participated. It also seems. Stardust accurately targeted its objectives over circuitous ranges of 2·9 billion miles. jointly with the University of California.h. however. Regrettably.h.A. Powered by an afterburning Rolls-Royce Avon R. “Unlike decommissioning of the Royal yacht Britannia. I doubt whether the current Prime Minister has ever ﬂown in a VC10. disbanded at RAF Brize Norton in 2005. and are now planning to start analysing the collected Wild 2 dustgrains.Thx for Support 96 AEROPLANE MARCH 2006 .
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