First Thessalonians – Chapter 4A After looking back on the work of faith (chp 1), labour of love (chp 2) and patience

of hope (Chp 3), Paul looked forwards in Chps 4 & 5 to exhort the members of the Church in Thessalonika with practical instructions on how to live as believers in a hostile world of pagans and Jews. 1 Thess 4:1-2 = General Call to a God Pleasing Walk 1 Thess 4:3-12 = Specific Aspects of God Pleasing Walk 1 Thess 4:3-8 = Sanctification in Area of Sexual Purity 1 Thess 4:9-12 = Sanctification in Area of Love and Work 1 Thess 4:13-18 = Hope for Grieving Saints Verse 1 Furthermore G3063 λοιπόν loipon loy-pon'. Neuter singular of the same as G3062; something remaining (adverb): - besides, finally, furthermore, (from) henceforth, moreover, now, + it remaineth, then. NKJ translated this as “Finally then.” Also used in Php 3:1, 2 Thess 3:1 & 2 Cor 13:11. Paul’s use of finally does not mean he is finished. It means he here began the closing section of the letter, with practical instruction on how God wants His people to live. beseech G2065 ερωτάω ero tao er-o-tah'-o. Apparently from G2046 (compare G2045); to interrogate; by implication to request: - ask, beseech, desire, intreat, pray. exhort G3870 παρακαλέω parakaleo par-ak-al-eh'-o. From G3844 and G2564; to call near, that is, invite, invoke (by imploration, hortation or consolation): - beseech, call for, (be of good) comfort, desire, (give) exhort (-ation), intreat, pray. Parakaleo from para = side of, alongside, beside + kaleo = call) means literally to call one alongside, to call someone to oneself, to call for, to summon. Parakaleo can include the idea of giving help or aid but the primary sense in the NT is to urge someone to take some action, especially some ethical course of action. Sometimes the word means convey the idea of comfort, sometimes of exhortation but always at the root there is the idea of enabling a person to meet some difficult situation with confidence and with gallantry. ought G1163 δει dei die, deh-on'. Third person singular active present of G1210; also δεόν deon which is neuter active participle of the same; both used impersonally; it is (was, etc.) necessary (as binding): - behoved, be meet, must (needs), (be) need (-ful), ought, should. Dei in this context denotes the inner compulsion of duty and stresses the moral obligation resting upon the Thessalonians because of their personal relationship to their Lord (as bondservants or "love slaves" to their Master). to walk G4043 περιπατέω peripateo per-ee-pat-eh'-o. From G4012 and G3961; to tread all around, that is, walk at large (especially as proof of ability); figuratively to live, deport oneself, follow (as a companion or votary): - go, be occupied with, walk (about). Walk is used figuratively here to refer to one’s manner of life, one’s moral conduct or one’s lifestyle. Christians are called to walk appropriately because Christ is the Way. please God - Holy walking is most pleasing to the holy God, who is glorious in holiness. This ought to be the aim and ambition of every Christian, to please God and to be accepted of him. We should not be men-pleasers, nor flesh-pleasers, but should walk so as to please God. To please God is to walk with Him. To walk with God is to please Him abound more and more - That is, follow the directions which they had received from Paul more and more fully. Christian maturity is never finished on this side of eternity. No matter how far a Christian has come in love and holiness, they still have room to continue to excel. Verse 2 commandments G3852 παραγγελία paraggelia par-ang-gel-ee'-ah. From G3853; a mandate: - charge, command. Only four times in N.T. LXX. The verb παραγγέλλειν to command or charge is frequent, and is often used in military orders. by the Lord Jesus Christ - by His authority and direction, not by our own. He uses the

then we are not sanctified – set apart – in the way God wants us to be.strong term. Sanctification consists in two things: (1) in “ceasing to do evil.A vice which was freely indulged among the pagan.” in writing to this Church not long founded. It also refers to dishonouring his own body (Heb 13:4 & Rom 1:24). At this time in the Roman Empire. we keep mistresses for the day to day needs of the body. These were not mere suggestions from the pen of Paul.(inordinate) affection. vessel.The word here rendered “sanctification” . a vessel.Thus. we keep wives for the faithful guardianship of our homes. Verse 5 lust G3806 πάθος pathos path'-os.is not used in the Greek classics. as in wickedness or cruelty. should not be used as a proof that God intends to make his people holy. Paul gave these commands to a first-century Roman culture that was marked by sexual immorality. and feeling it desirable that they should understand he spook with divine authority. vessel G4632 σκευος skeuos skyoo'-os. It means here “purity of life. but is several times found in the New Testament. Also of overtaking.” Or in other words. and checking and subduing the unholy habits which we had formed before we became Christians. surpassing. his own sanctification and honour stands in opposition to dishonouring his brother by lusting after his wife. passing by. chastity and sexual purity were almost unknown virtues. implement. mostly in the literal sense of over-passing limits or crossing of boundaries. A primary verb. provide. person covetous of something that others have.Often in LXX. desire. knowing that they would take it in a right spirit. they were particularly exposed.αıγιασμο Zς hagiasmos . a defrauder for gain) literally means to have more than another and then to take .” and particularly abstinence from those vices which debase and degrade the soul. and from their own former habits. or that they are sanctified. (2) in “learning to do well. possess. concupiscence G1939 εıπιθυμίαepithumia ep-ee-thoo-mee'-ah. therefore.goods.obtain. to get. ” Verse 4 to possess G2932 κτάομαι ktaomai ktah'-om-ahee. equipment or apparatus (literally or figuratively [specifically a wife as contributing to the usefulness of the husband]): . From the alternate of G3958. to possess vessel . Nevertheless.” and. This text.It is the will or command of God that you should be holy. and instituted marriage and avoid fornication (1 Thess 4:3 & 1 Cor 7:2) in sanctification and honour . the second part of the work consists in cultivating the positive principles of holiness in the soul.Let every man use his wife for the purpose alone for which God created her. purchase. The ancient writer Demosthenes expressed the generally amoral view of sex in the ancient Roman Empire: “We keep prostitutes for pleasure.concupiscence. a longing (especially for what is forbidden): . Christians were to take their standards of sexual morality from God and not from the culture. Verse 3 will of God . properly suffering (“pathos ”). lust. sanctification . abstain fornication . Of uncertain affinity. It is a proof only that he requires holiness. Pleonektes degrees one who wants more. It is rendered holiness in other passages. Defraud (4122) (pleonekteo from pleion = more + echo = have. sail. (subjectively) a passion (especially concupiscence): . Verse 6 go beyond and defraud . The idea behind sanctification is to be set apart. from that fact. that is. lust (after). a nd God wants us set apart from a godless culture and their sexual immorality. “commandments. If our sexual behaviour is no different than the Gentiles who do not know God. From G1937. that is. acquire (by any means. own): . and to which. the first work of sanctification is in overcoming the propensities to evil in our nature. stuff.

It is not Christian love that moves us in any of this. “ Unto us. and all such vices he will signally punish. carrying justice out. a punisher: . their emperors. nor the person we fantasize about nor the person in the pornography. into (put “into” your hearts). It could be by bringing about a miserable marriage or even a painful divorce. that is. Christians love people. that is. But Christians are people deeply moved by love for others. From a compound of G1 (as a negative particle) and a derivative of G5087 (place). through a sexually transmitted disease (STD) including AIDS. to predict: . How will God avenge sexual sin. From a = without + kathairo = cleanse. concretely (by Hebraism) a purifier: . See also Deut 32:35.cast off. nor the spouse or parent of any of these. physically or morally: . Eph 4:30). set apart. To claim more. “His own Spirit.advantage of any one. Rom 13:4 & Eph 6:9. Pursue your business as holy men: do not overreach or defraud. Verse 8 despiseth G114 αθετέω atheteo ath-et-eh'-o.holiness. Sanctification is the characteristic life-element of the Christian. From G4253 and G2036. God takes up the cause of the injured husband (or wife) wherever the case has not been detected by man. From G1537 and G1349. It is simply selfish desire.forewarn. a plethora of trials and trouble or even death.a (re-) venger. He could avenge by bringing about negative circumstances. tell) before. Their gods. To selfishly attempt to gain more at all costs and by all means disregarding others and their rights.” in the Greek. Every species of uncleanness was practised among the heathens.” Adam Clarke Verse 7 uncleanness G167 ακαθαρσία akatharsia ak-ath-ar-see'-ah. frustrate.charge.” John Piper. to attest or protest earnestly. given unto us His holy Spirit – In Greek. the Holy (One)”. God’s purpose for salvation was to produce a community of holy people. bring to nought. The Christian religion not only discountenances these things. neither the woman or the man we sin with. therefore wherever Christianity prevails. implies that the Spirit is being given unto. disannul. In Scripture both moral and ceremonial uncleanness or impurity prevented a person from approaching God. Sexual sin could and most likely will result in the loss of eternal rewards in some measure. impurity (the quality). Rom 12:19. avenger G1558 ε_gκδικος ekdikos ek'-dik-os. reject. and they had no system of ethics which forbade these abominations. From G1223 and G3140. are obliged to seek the deepest gloom of midnight to cover them from the eyes of men. “Given” implies that . these vices. and their great men in general. From G37. that is. or (by implication) hortatively: . Defraud means to selfishly and greedily take something at someone else's expense. It could be in temporal chastening or discipline. It is an expansion of the preceding thought. properly purification. nor were they reputed as vices.uncleanness. To covet. in which he is to live (VWS). This section of Scripture is a solemn warning indeed. despise. say (speak. witness. they don ’t use them. testify (unto). testified G1263 διαμαρτύρομαι diamarturomai dee-am-ar-too'-rom-ahee. to set aside. thus emphatically marking “holiness ” (1Thess 4:7) as the end for which the Holy (One) is being given. if practised at all. given the torrid temptations in our sex sickened society and the prevalence of illicit sexual activity in the evangelical community! forewarned G4277 προέπω proepo pro-ep'-o. sanctification (in verse 3). To have more than one's due. but forbids them on the most awful penalties. (the state) purity. an absence of blessing. to say already. and among you (compare 1Thess 2:9. holiness G38 αγιασμός hagiasmos hag-ee-as-mos'. you may ask? It could be in an unfulfilling sexual life and marriage. gave them examples of every species of impurity. (by implication) to disesteem. neutralize or violate: . their philosophers. “When we sin sexually we are not seeking the highest good of others.

taught of God . living in the practice of the calm virtues of life. To descend to a lower level of Christian living is to belittle God. peaceful. the readers might have been wondering "Why is this so important? After all. adelphos from collative a = denoting unity + delphus = womb. and all that is important is the next fun thing. No Christian should be engaged in a mob. so why shouldn't we?" This sounds very modern doesn't it? -Situation ethics. love of the brethren.” (Bruce) . The duty to which he would exhort them was that of being subordinate to the laws. Modern religion has priests: Celebrities. “Is it true?” “ Is it right?” “ Is it good?” “ Is it godly?” We need to live the quiet life so that we can really take the time and give the attention to listen to God. How are you taught by God? to love one another – with agape love Verse 10 do it toward all the brethren Ye not only love one another at Thessalonica. sports stadiums. Modern religion has a god: The self. “There is a great difference between the Christian duty of putting the interests of others first and the busybody ’s compulsive itch to put other people right. Modern religion has places of worship: Amusement parks. the restless. none should be identified with the popular excitements which lead to disorder and to the disregard of the laws. we can live in the temple of the Holy Spirit. of which he is the head. theatres. Relative values. Paul anticipates such a question and proceeds to give 4 reasons we should strive to cultivate sexual purity. do your own business – MYOB is a Biblical idea.” Albert Barnes The quiet life contradicts the hugely successful modern attraction to entertainment and excitement. Instead of indulging in sexual gratification. Modern religion has scriptures: Tabloids and entertainment news and information programmes. concert halls. Verse 9 brotherly love – G5360 φιλαδελφία Philadelphia fil-ad-el-fee'-ah. is literally one born from same womb and so a male having the same father and mother as reference person. The same love applies to sisters.the thrill of the moment. and we could say that every television and internet connection is a little chapel. Well. Given the loose morals and sexual laxity throughout the ancient world in the first century. and of keeping themselves from all the assemblages of the idle. Can you identify the four reasons given by Paul (v6-8)? “If we regard sexual sins as a minor matter. ye consider them all as children of the same Father. We despise God in His role as the Giver of His Holy Spirit. and the dissatisfied. we minimize the whole nature of God. and that all the Churches which are in Christ make one great and glorious body. We might say that excitement and entertainment are like a religion for many people today. of avoiding all tumult and disorder. Modern religion of excitement and entertainment seduces people into living their lives for one thing . When we live the quiet life we can listen to God and get to know Him better.Not in Adult Bible Class . This religion conditions its followers to only ask one question: “ Is it fun?” It never wants us to ask more important questions such as. But these thrills are quickly over and forgotten. of calmly pursuing their regular avocations. everybody's behaving this way. but ye love all the brethren in Macedonia. Modern religion has a prophet: Music video channels.sanctification is not merely a work once for all accomplished in the past. Fraternal affection: brotherly love (kindness).” Grant Richison in Bible Expository Commentary. He is the one who makes the privilege of holiness possible. but a present progressive work. ye increase more and more – 1 Thess 3:12 Verse 11 study to be quiet “Orderly. This addiction to entertainment and excitement is damaging both spiritually and culturally.

God gave us a carpenter King. the less he should work. People who are not yet Christians (those who are outside) will see our example and be influenced to become followers of Jesus.When we combine the love of our brothers with work. We fall into Satan ’ snare when we expect things to always come easily. we walk properly.We must recognize the dignity and honour of work. In contrast. By Elder Lee ST . Manual labour was despised by ancient Greek culture. Work is God’s plan for the progress of society and the church. and tent-making missionaries. They thought that the better a man was.to work with your own hands . APPLICATION How to maintain purity in life (sex) and work? Consider the role of God and man in achieving purity. fisherman apostles. or regard God’s blessing as an opportunity for laziness. we commanded you – similar to 1 Thess 4:2 Verse 12 walk honestly .

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