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Fairchild Switch Family Characteristics

March 1998 Revised December 2000

Fairchild Switch Family Characteristics

N-channel pass gates are incorporated in Fairchild Switches. When VIN = VCC, the gate clamps the output by the VT of the transistor (1V) less than the gate potential, regardless of the input voltage. Figure 1 illustrates the voltage drop of 1V between VCC and VOUT . Figure 2 illustrates the clamping action of the transistor. As VIN approaches VCC1V, the channel of the NMOS transistor begins to narrow, increasing the voltage drop between VIN and VOUT, clamping VOUT at a maximum of VCC1V.

FIGURE 3. On- Resistance (RON) vs Input Voltage (VCC = 5.0V) A potential must exist between the gate and the source of an N-channel transistor for a switch to turn on. If a negative voltage is applied to an input while the switch is disabled (gate at 0V), the device will begin to form a channel and conduct leakage current from the output, a characteristic of all NMOS switches. This characteristic of a typical Fairchild Switch is depicted in Figure 4. FIGURE 1. Output Voltage vs Supply Voltage

FIGURE 4. Output Leakage vs Input Voltage FIGURE 2. Output Voltage vs Input Voltage The on-resistance (RON) of the switch increases gradually as VIN approaches VCC1V (See Figure 3). At this point RON increases rapidly due to the narrowing of the channel of the transistor. The voltage drop across the transistor correspondingly increases, clamping the output voltage at VCC1V (see Figure 2 at VCC = 5.0V and Figure 3).

2000 Fairchild Semiconductor Corporation


FIGURE 5. Simplified FST Schematic Diagram FSTU Undershoot Hardened Circuit (UHC) Option 25 Series Resistor

FIGURE 6. Fairchilds Patented UHC Solution Figure 6 illustrates Fairchilds Undershoot Hardened Circuit (UHC). The UHC solution involves sensing circuitry that compares the voltages of both parts of the NMOS switch with regard to ground when OE is high or the switch is turned OFF. FIGURE 8. Series Resistor Bus Switches Fairchilds integrated 25 series resisters Bus switch family (Figure 8) reduce part count and printed circuit board space. The added resistors reduce signal-reflection noise, eliminating the need for external terminating resistors. FSTD Integrated Diode Option

FIGURE 7. Undershoot Hardening Effectiveness of the FSTU Family The effectiveness of the FSTU3384 circuit verses the Schottky 3384 diode clamp solution is illustrated in Figure 7. For this test a valid logic 1 on Bus B was represented by charging a load capacitor on the B-side of the bus switch to 3.3V. The bus switch was then disabled and the input was hit with an undershoot condition. The voltage level of the capacitor was observed to see if data corruption did occur. The data shows that the Schottky 3384 diode solution turns ON through the more resistive parasitic NPN. The UHC hardened FSTU3384 never turns ON, maintaining data integrity on the B-side through the entire undershoot event.

FIGURE 9. Integrated Diode Bus Switch Fairchilds integrated diode bus switch family (FSTD) is ideal for level shifting and voltage translation between 5V and 3V (Figure 9). An integrated diode and resistor connected to the VCC pin make this possible. An added switch network shuts off the current path when the device is in high impedance mode. This design lowers device count and power consumption.

Fairchild Switch Family Characteristics

Precharge Option

FIGURE 10. Precharged Bus Switch Figure 10 illustrates Fairchilds precharged bus switches (FST6800 and FSTU6800). Port B pins are precharged to a user-selectable bias voltage, allowing live insertion with minimal active host bus disruption. TinyLogic Switches

FIGURE 11. TinyLogic Switches Fairchilds TinyLogic Switch (NC7XXXX) packages are shown in Figure 11. These ultra small packages offer the smallest footprints available to designers. TInyLogic Switches offer analog switches, digital switches, and voltage translation in 1 and 2 Bit configurations.

Fairchild does not assume any responsibility for use of any circuitry described, no circuit patent licenses are implied and Fairchild reserves the right at any time without notice to change said circuitry and specifications. LIFE SUPPORT POLICY FAIRCHILDS PRODUCTS ARE NOT AUTHORIZED FOR USE AS CRITICAL COMPONENTS IN LIFE SUPPORT DEVICES OR SYSTEMS WITHOUT THE EXPRESS WRITTEN APPROVAL OF THE PRESIDENT OF FAIRCHILD SEMICONDUCTOR CORPORATION. As used herein: 1. Life support devices or systems are devices or systems which, (a) are intended for surgical implant into the body, or (b) support or sustain life, and (c) whose failure to perform when properly used in accordance with instructions for use provided in the labeling, can be reasonably expected to result in a significant injury to the user. 3 2. A critical component in any component of a life support device or system whose failure to perform can be reasonably expected to cause the failure of the life support device or system, or to affect its safety or effectiveness.