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a tribunal which rules on cases against governments brought by foreign investors. union busting activity. My manager has helped set up a performance plan and has discussed the mid-year reviews. groundwater depletion. Both cases are violations for the accountability for human rights. The Public Interest. but the employees still want to blame the manager for their progress not increasing. and harassment of whistleblowers.The first article that I chose was published in Central America in June 2008. The manager then took the time to find out why the employees were not being successful and not . If you do not have healthy workers then the quality of the work will not be at its best. such as land and tax reform. Nicaragua and Kazakhstan have failed to maintain the center for international environmental law. the UN calls for human rights accountability. This is a challenge to the World Bank’s International Centre for the Settlement of Investment Disputes (ICSID). The compliance Advisor Ombudsman has discovered that the IFC is out of compliance with its safety standards for toxic emissions at the Karachaganak oil and gas field in western Kazakhstan. In this article a UN World Bank’s investment arbitration facility is bumping heads with the protection of human rights. nervous system and skin diseases which have been caused by high levels of hydrogen sulphide emissions. The local residents of Leon and Chinandega and former employees have submitted a complaint with issues such as health problems. Institutions supporting investments develop arbitration procedures which help balance investor interests and the needs of host states to discharge their human rights obligations. Businesses should not operate in countries with violations to human rights unless they can be catalysts for democratic reform: Produce more good than bad for the host country Do not intentionally harm the host country Respect the human rights of the employees Respect the local culture and work with it Cooperate when local governments reform social institutions. The CAO has found out that the IFC violated its own standards in Kazakhstan. was founded in the USA to strengthen international and comparative law and policies around the world. air and soil pollution. A not-for-profit law firm. The CAO have found the monitoring program and smokestack emissions date “insufficient in order to verify compliance with IFC requirements”. Unsafe working environment is unethical because you are not caring for your employees and customers. There have been local residents who have suffered respiratory. There are some investor challenges that occur under arbitration processes that are done in confidentiality and sometimes not advised to the public in the country that is placing a claim. and a complaint has been made against an IFC funded sugar company in Nicaragua.
There are many African countries that are becoming more conducive to business development. Exchange rates have been liberalized. The may also disagree with the requirements that are needed and expected for them to complete their job. You should also avoid condescending behavior. Sometimes the employees may not fully understand what it is the manger wants them to do causing them to be unsuccessful. These are important factors for the local entrepreneur because their success or failure in African will depend on the ability to understand and adjust to Africa’s dynamic market. Middle East companies introduce themselves to the African buyers in a different way. Positive actions and policies practiced by many African Governments have played a significant role in promoting Africa as a viable business partner in the global market. A lot of time employees may lack the tools or training required to effectively perform the job. The potential for turbulence requires businessmen to monitor and assess the political risks in the countries with whom they are conducting business. if you do business with a foreign country that only keeps regular business hours in their time zone. In the past before we had resources such as the Internet. one or more of your employees will need to be available for calls and business when it is convenient for the international company. Are you expecting your employees to be in the office to take these calls or to conduct conference calls at midnight and expecting them to clock in first thing in the morning? If this is true then this is not an ethical act.meeting their performance levels. This can make conducting business globally very difficult at times. Regardless of the issue you will not have a top performing or engaged employee until you identify what the issue is with their job functioning. price controls on agricultural products and manufactured goods have been removed. they do not like to be patronized or shown prejudice. and economic growth has picked up to around 4% overall for the continent. tariffs are being reduced. today there is much more viable because we do have the resources to learn. All of these factors have contributed in the development of a thriving local and international business community within Africa. However. or stereotypical beliefs. Global businesses also have a profound effect on their employees. The second article was: Africa. The market of Tomorrow. bias. In Africa the natives are sensitive about how their names are pronounced. restrictions on imports have been removed. The complex and ever changing African environment requires businessmen to have a degree of flexibility. it was more of a question of not accidentally disrespecting on another’s customs and traditions. African business cultures are different from the Middle Eastern business culture. It seems that everything has been put in order and the country is ready for business. You also should not step all over another business or countries ethical code while you are being true to your own business or country’s ethical code. For example. steps have been taken to address the financial stress on its banks. Another area that has become a . We must also realize that what may be deemed ethical in our own country is not necessarily deemed as an ethical action in another country.
What is central to the notion of bribe is that an agreement is made even if the act itself is never done and the payment is never made. Although sometimes bribery of government officials also takes place in the United States. In developed coutnries. governments and special interest groups. . Also that the person being bribed agreed to abide by the rules of the government. if your company makes a sale to a company in Canada. in termes of ethical business practices one must use a gread deal of caution. bribing officials is a part of conducting business. that sale will not be reported to the IRS in the United States by the company that is considered foreign such as Canada. When we thing of moral dilemmas that multinationals face we usually think of the pressure on companies to bribe government officials in third world countries. In many countries.concern when it comes to global business and ethics is reporting income from foreign countries. In conclusion. the moral expectations often are more relaxed and multinationals are tempted to lower their standards when situations permit. the moreal expectations of the host country are more intense as our own. The moral challenge is even more intense for multinational companies who need to live up to moreal expectations both in the US and in foreign coutnries. Bribery happens more in third world countries. company. rather than doing what is required of him in his official position of employment. and there is a feeling that it is considered a normal practice to bribe government officials. it is rare and severely punished. With third world countries. For example. consumers. or legal system. but in the grand schemed of things and you start looking at what is and is not appropriate or acceptable in foreign country. global business is seemingly easy with the use of the Internet. We define bribery as a condition in which a person such as a government official agrees to be paid to act as dictated by an interested party. It is considered unethical if you do not report the income to the IRS yourself and you will later be penalized for it. The moral challenge for businesses here in the USA is difficult enough when balancing one’s profit interests agains the needs of employees. However this does not mean it is an ethical practice and experts have advised business owners to instruct all of their employees that doing so will not be tolerated when conducting global or even local business.
org/art-561836 http://ezinearticles.brettonwoodsproject.com/?Global-Business-and-Ethics&id=1102046 http://www.htm .References http://www.edu/staff/jfieser/vita/research/Busbook.utm.
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