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SYARIKAT PEMBINAAN LAL SDN. BHD. ( CO. NO: 387372-A) LAL ENGINEERING SDN BHD (CO.

NO: 577741-P)
Project Title : CADANGAN MEMBINA SEBUAH PASARAYA (SUPERSTORE) SATU TINGKAT DI BUKIT SENTOSA 1 YANG MENGANDUNGI SEBUAH RUANG PASARAYA,RUANG PERNIAGAAN,RUANG KEMUDAHAN AWAM,LANDSKAP,SEKSYEN 20,BANDAR SERENDAH,DAERAH HULU SELANGOR,SELANGOR DARUL EHSAN UNTUK TETUAN: TESCO STORES (M) SDN BHD

SAFETY AND HEALTH MANUAL

LAL ENGINEERING SDN BHD(577741-P)

SYARIKAT PEMBINAAN LAL SDN BHD (387372-A)

Syarikat Pembinaan LAL Sdn. Bhd.

TABLE OF CONTENT

SECTION

TITLE

SAFETY INFORMATION

GENERAL SAFETY

VEHICLE, MACHINERY & TOOL SAFETY

MEDICAL FITNESS / FIRST AID

HYGIENE AND WELFARE

LAL ENGINEERING SDN BHD(577741-P)

SYARIKAT PEMBINAAN LAL SDN BHD (387372-A)

HEALTH AND SAFETY POLICY


1. It is policy of Syarikat Pembinaan LAL Sdn. Bhd. that operations shall be carried out to meet the requirement of the Factories and Machinery Act (1967) and Regulations. And that our operations be carried out only under the legal requirement. To ensure that this policy is effectively enforced LAL will formulate and implement a comprehensive policy in respect of safety at work and thus. Detailing of individual and collective responsibilities throughout the management structure. Within the framework provided by this policies all employees have a part to play in maintaining the highest standards of safety and achieving full compliance with legal requirement. The basic need is for every employee to care for himself. Colleagues and the public. There will be joint consultation on health and safety matters with employee representatives through safety committee at all office and site locations. LAL is responsible for ensuring that all its employees receive the necessary training to carry out their duties in a safe manner and any employee charged with particular responsibilities for safety can fulfill those duties and obligations. This policy forms that basic for a reduction in hazards and an improvement in safety at work. Its effectiveness will come form the individual and combined efforts of us all to make it successful.

2.

3.

4. 5.

6.

Authorized By,

. Executive Director Syarikat Pembinaan LAL Sdn. Bhd. 11/01/2011

LAL ENGINEERING SDN BHD(577741-P)

SYARIKAT PEMBINAAN LAL SDN BHD (387372-A)

SAFETY STATEMENT
The Syarikat Pembinaan LAL Sdn. Bhd. shall lead the effort to: 1. 2. 3. 4. 5. Comply with the Occupations Safety and Health Act 1994 the relevant legislation, the Rules and Regulations. Exercise the duty-of care by establishing and maintaining an efficient safe system-of-work and a healthy working environment. Engage in the moral responsibility on Safety and Welfare for the employees and the sensitivity of the general public. Provide the necessary training, instruction, information and supervision in safety, health and the environment. Contain and to mitigate, as far as is practicable the occupational impact on the environment that may be affected by our work activities. Be proactive, dedicated and committed as a team for the continual improvement of Safety until the highest standard is attained.

6.

11/01/2011

.. Executive Director

LAL ENGINEERING SDN BHD(577741-P)

SYARIKAT PEMBINAAN LAL SDN BHD (387372-A)

STATEMENT OF INTENT
The Policy objective will be achieved through the action of all employees in the Company in accordance with the general responsibilities detail of the following page. The Policy shall be brought to their attention by the following means:a. b. On introduction, it shall be issued on a personal basic to staff employees. Site personnel will receive a copy of Syarikat Pembinaan LAL Sdn. Bhd. Site safety booklet containing the appropriate policy details are shown. All new employees shall received induction training at which time they shall be instructed in the policy requirements and any specific hazards associated with the work under taken. It shall be displayed on Safety Notice Boards in Main and Site Offices.

c.

d.

We ask you become familiar with the policy in the shortest possible time and to implement it during all working operations.

Authorized By,

.. Executive Director Syarikat Pembinaan LAL Sdn. Bhd 11/01/2011

LAL ENGINEERING SDN BHD(577741-P)

SYARIKAT PEMBINAAN LAL SDN BHD (387372-A)

HEALTH AND SAFETY POLICY


Statement of Policy The health and safety policy defines the companys general objectives. Organization and arrangements in the field of health and safety. The Companys Health and Safety Policy has been designed to ensure:a. b. The prevention of injury to and impairment of health of all persons affected by Company operations. The Observance of the requirement of the Factories and Machinery (1967): The Factories and Machinery (Building Operation and Works of Engineering Construction) (Safety Regulations 1986); the Occupational Safety and Health Act 1994 and Regulations and all other, governing our operations. The adoption of safe working practices and standards. The establishment of an organization with clearly defined responsibilities for carrying out the policy and monitoring its effectiveness. The promotion of joint consultation in Health and Safety. The revision of the Health and Safety Policy regularly.

c. d.

e. f.

Authorized By,

. Executive Director Syarikat Pembinaan LAL Sdn. Bhd. 11/01/2011

Syarikat Pembinaan LAL Sdn. Bhd.

LAL ENGINEERING SDN BHD(577741-P)

SYARIKAT PEMBINAAN LAL SDN BHD (387372-A)

SECTION 1 - SAFETY INFORMATION

The Project Managers must make available the following Acts / Rules & Regulations at sites for references. a. b. Occupational Safety and Health Act 1994 Factories and Machinery Act 1967 covering:(i) (ii) (iii) (iv) (v) (vi) c. d. e. f. g. h. The Factories and Machinery (Building Operation and Works of Engineering Construction) Regulation 1986. The Factories and Machinery (Safety, Health and Welfare) Regulation 1970. The Factories and Machinery (Electric Passenger and Good Lift) Regulation 1970. The Factories and Machinery (Noise Exposure) Regulation 1989. The Factories and Machinery (Mineral Dust) Regulation 1989. The Radiation Protection (Basic Safety Standards) Regulation 1987.

Environmental Quality Act 1974 Fire Services Act 1988 Electricity Supply Act 1990 Uniform Building By Laws 1984 The OSH Control of Industrial major Accident Hazards Regulation 1996 The Construction Industry Development Board Act 1994

Syarikat Pembinaan LAL Sdn. Bhd.

LAL ENGINEERING SDN BHD(577741-P)

SYARIKAT PEMBINAAN LAL SDN BHD (387372-A)

SECTION 2 - GENERAL SAFETY

1. a.

HEAD PROTECTION Generally, all construction sites are required to wear safety helmets. The Project Manager however, will decide and establish those areas or activities where there is risk of head injury and where the wearing of safety helmets is compulsory. The areas of activities will, if practicable be clearly displayed with appropriate safety signage, or otherwise brought to the attention of all employees or persons concerned about the prevailing safety hazards. All employees and visitors who may be in an area of risk of head injury will be issued with safety helmets and given clear instruction to wear them. A record of issuance of helmet shall be maintained. The Project Manager must ensure that safety helmets are issued to employees that are required to wear them. The supervisors will ensure that the helmet regulation is complied. Any employee who fails to wear helmets will be issued a Notification of Breach on Health and Safety Rules and Regulations (SAF 2). Safety helmets must be maintained in serviceable condition. Damaged safety helmets must be replaced. However, willful damage loss of safety helmet will be debited from the employees pay. FOOT AND HAND PROTECTION a. The Project Manager must ensure that all employees, workers and visitors who may be at LAL construction site shall wear appropriate foot and hand protection at designated areas at all times. Suitable and appropriate foot wear shall be worn by everyone at a site to ensure that any injury is prevented. At water clogged or muddy area, appropriate water boots shall be worn. For electrical works, especially when working with high voltages, appropriate insulation boots and gloves shall be worn to avoid any possible electrical hazard.

b.

c.

d.

e.

2.

b. c. d.

LAL ENGINEERING SDN BHD(577741-P)


Syarikat Pembinaan LAL Sdn. Bhd.

SYARIKAT PEMBINAAN LAL SDN BHD (387372-A)

SECTION 2 - GENERAL SAFETY

e.

Suitable hand protection shall also be provided to workers who may be exposed to hand injury when handling substances / materials which are hot, corrosive, sharp or rough. Gloves shall not be worm when working or handling machinery with moving parts, e.g. electric saw, as gloves can be caught and trapped and consequently injure the hands. EYE PROTECTION

f.

3. a.

The Project Manager must ensure that adequate and suitable eye protections are made available for use by operatives for the following operations:(i) (ii) (iii) (iv) Grinding of metal Cutting or breaking of glass, hard plastic and metal Cutting, grinding and hacking of concrete, fire clay, plaster, stone or brick All welding operations

b. c.

It is the duty of every person to use the eye protection whilst employed on any of the processes listed above. Employees must take reasonable care of the eye protections provided and not willfully misuse them and must report immediately to his supervisor the loss or defect of the eye protection supplied. It is the responsibility of site management to ensure that the eye protection devices are properly controlled and recorded.

d.

LAL ENGINEERING SDN BHD(577741-P)


Syarikat Pembinaan LAL Sdn. Bhd.

SYARIKAT PEMBINAAN LAL SDN BHD (387372-A)

SECTION 2 - GENERAL SAFETY

4. a.

RESPIRATORY PROTECTION Where employees and workers are subjected to respiratory hazard in a work place, the Project Manager shall ensure that adequate protection be provided to safeguard the health and safety of the employees and workers concerned. Appropriate types of respiratory protective equipment shall be provided to workers who are required to work in confined spaces and areas where toxic gases or other contaminants like dust particles may be present above permissible level. Respiratory protective equipment shall be cleaned and disinfected before reissue them to other workers in order to avoid infection. Employees required to use the respiratory equipment shall be trained to wear them properly. They shall also be briefed on its uses and limitations. Factory and Machinery (Mineral Dust) Regulations 1989 stipulate the obligation if employers and the duties of employees exposed to dust hazards.

b.

c. d.

e.

5.

FACE PROTECTION a. Where site operations give rise to the danger of injury from airborne particles, hazardous spray, molten metal or hot solution, then adequate face shields and neck protection shall be worn. Where necessary and practicable, the face shield and neck protection shall be provided by the Management.

b.

6.

HEARING PROTECTION a. All employees and workers shall be protected against any hearing hazard that may exist at any construction site.

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LAL ENGINEERING SDN BHD(577741-P)


Syarikat Pembinaan LAL Sdn. Bhd.

SYARIKAT PEMBINAAN LAL SDN BHD (387372-A)

SECTION 2 - GENERAL SAFETY

b.

The Project Manager shall ensure that no body is exposed to a noise level beyond the Permissible Exposure Limit (PEL) as stipulated in first schedule of Factories and Machinery (Noise Exposure) Regulations 1989. The action level of noise pollution is 90 dB(A).
Permissible Exposure Period (hrs per day) 8 (1st action level) 6 (2nd action level) 4 3 2 1 or less General Related Activities

Noise level [dB(A)] 90 92 95 97 100 105 110 115

Generator Noise Compressor air release Pneumatic/Electric drilling Pneumatic/Electric sawing Pneumatic/Hacking

c.

When the action level is detected for location where workers are exposed continuously for at least 8 hours, appropriate noise expose reduction or hearing protection shall be provided. The hearing protection makes use earplugs, earmuffs, ear defenders or other suitable noise attenuation devices. Where first action level is detected appropriate earplugs or muffs or defenders with adequate attenuation shall be provided to workers employed in this area. If the second action level is reached, administrative control and / or engineering control shall be instituted as far as is reasonably practicable. SAFETY BELTS, LIFELINES

d.

7. a.

Where any person is required to work at a place from which she / he will be liable to fall a distance of more than 10 feet (3 meters), means shall be provided to ensure her / his safety and such means shall, where practicable, include the use of safety belts or lifelines.

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LAL ENGINEERING SDN BHD(577741-P)


Syarikat Pembinaan LAL Sdn. Bhd.

SYARIKAT PEMBINAAN LAL SDN BHD (387372-A)

SECTION 2 - GENERAL SAFETY

b.

The Project Managers shall ensure that the fall arrest devices like safety belts, lifelines are provided to all employees and workers who are required to work at height which will be liable to fall more than 10 feet (3 meters) or the landing area is hazardous. The worker shall inspect every safety belt and lifeline before use. Any slight damage to the safety belt or lifeline must be reported to the supervisor for its replacement. Soiled or damaged safety belts or lifeline must be segregated or destroyed. MANUAL LIFTING AND HANDLING

c.

8. a. b.

A person shall not be employed to lift, carry or move any load so heavy as to be likely to cause injury to him / her. Six major points to observe when lifting:(i) (ii) (iii) (iv) (v) (vi) Back straight Chin in Arms close to body Feet slightly apart and slightly outward Grip load with palms, not first fingers Bend knees lift with the legs

c.

General points to observe (i) (ii) (iii) (iv) Beware of slippery surfaces Size of job, look out for jagged edges Clear the walkway If team work, clear instruction must be given by one team leader

Syarikat Pembinaan LAL Sdn. Bhd.

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LAL ENGINEERING SDN BHD(577741-P)

SYARIKAT PEMBINAAN LAL SDN BHD (387372-A)

SECTION 2 - GENERAL SAFETY

(v) d.

Special care shall be taken when moving gas cylinders or round object

Unloading materials (i) (ii) (iii) Use mechanical loader for loading / unloading heavy and awkward objects Use a platform to reduce the distance between lorry and ground when unloading manually Ropes and chains used must be strong enough for the job and inspected to ensure in good condition Ensure you have enough men to do the job

(iv) 9. a.

SAFETY NETS Where there is danger of falling objects at the external wall of a building and any opening where workers may fall into. Project Managers shall ensure where practicable, that safety nets are installed to prevent any accident caused to people working below and accidental fall of workers working above. All safety nets must be of good condition/repair. They must be properly secured during installation. Periodic inspection must be carried out to ensure their security. SAFETY SIGNAGE a. Safety and security signage and notices are very important tools for notifying and warning people of the danger and hazards that are prevailing at the construction site. This preventive measure is one of the best strategies in reminding safety awareness. The Project Managers shall ensure that adequate and relevant safety and security signage/notices are conspicuously displayed to optimize their effectiveness.

b.

10.

b.

Syarikat Pembinaan LAL Sdn. Bhd.

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LAL ENGINEERING SDN BHD(577741-P)

SYARIKAT PEMBINAAN LAL SDN BHD (387372-A)

SECTION 2 - GENERAL SAFETY


c. The signage shall ideally be in pictorial and in appropriate languages namely Bahasa Malaysia, English and Chinese. WORK OVER WATER a. The danger of falling into water, being carried away by currents or drowning is prevailing when working over or adjacent to water. The Project Managers, therefore, are necessary to take the following precautions. (i) (ii) (iii) (iv) Working platforms must be properly secured and level to avoid tripping. Toeboards and handrails must be fitted to prevent dislodgement in high winds and swell conditions. Ladders must be securely lashed to prevent movement. Safety equipment like safety net, belt, helmet, life jacket or buoyancy aid must be made available where necessary and worn when working over water. A rescue boat must be made available where necessary and manned by competent person who is a qualified first aided and has sufficient knowledge of river / sea conditions of that area.

11.

(v)

12. a.

SAFETY IN CONFINED SPACES / SEWERS It is the responsibility of the Project Manager to ensure that a safe system of work is adopted and that all necessary action / investigation has been carried out prior to entry into a confined space, manhole or sewer. The Safety Officer must also be informed prior to the commencement of work in such areas. He must ensure that:(i) Permit of work system must be implemented and strictly enforced;

b.

Syarikat Pembinaan LAL Sdn. Bhd.

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LAL ENGINEERING SDN BHD(577741-P)

SYARIKAT PEMBINAAN LAL SDN BHD (387372-A)

SECTION 2 - GENERAL SAFETY

(ii) (iii) (iv) (v) (vi)

Atmospheric testing is carried out before entry and periodically during work activity. Record of tests must be kept; All necessary protective / emergency equipment is readily available and in good working condition; All personnel involved are suitable trained in the use of the equipment; The activity is properly supervised. Ensure no man is working alone in the confined space / sewer / manhole; A lifeline shall be required to be attached to the worker in the confined space and another man standby outside at the other end of the line for emergency withdrawal.

13.

WORK ON SCAFFOLD (ERECTION & REMOVAL) a. Project Managers must ensure that all scaffold erection Supervisors employed on site for the erection of scaffold and falsework are DOSH certified. Where this is not the case, a letter of competency shall be obtained and the matter referred to Safety Manager / Office. The erection and removal of scaffold shall comply with factory and machinery (Building operation and work of engineering construction safety) Regulations 1986 part X. Do not remove any tube or fitting or otherwise interfere with the scaffolding in any way. Alterations shall only be done by an authorized person. Do not use scaffold under erection or whilst being dismantled and a red tag. DO NOT USE must be prominently displayed. Keep ladder access and walkways clear. Report any defects as soon as possible. Do not overload a scaffold. Maximum loading of scaffold platform must be clearly indicated.

b.

c.

d. e. f.

Syarikat Pembinaan LAL Sdn. Bhd.

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LAL ENGINEERING SDN BHD(577741-P)

SYARIKAT PEMBINAAN LAL SDN BHD (387372-A)

SECTION 2 - GENERAL SAFETY

g. h. i.

Materials shall never be thrown, tipped and dropped from scaffolds (other than into a purpose-made rubbish chute). Never climb up or down scaffolding. Install staircases or use a ladder. Which must be secured and extended 1.0m above landing platform. Aluminium access ladders must not be used in locations where they may come into contact with electricity. EXCAVATION WORK

14. a.

Before commencing any excavation work, it is important to know the location of the services and that suitable and sufficient support material are available. Excavations shall be treated as temporary works and the following basic safety procedures must be complied:(i) (ii) (iii) (iv) (v) Use proper gangways for crossing excavations. Do not stand or walk on struts. Use a proper ladder access. Do not interfere with or alter support work unnecessarily unless authorized to do so. Ensure that manholes are covered adequately, protected and signaged. When vehicles are working near edges of excavation, chocks shall be positioned to prevent tipping vehicles overriding or falling in. Do not work in an excavation over 1.2m deep unless it is properly supported or battered, or in solid rock. Never work beyond the supported sides of an excavation. Working area above and alongside excavations shall be kept clear of objects and loose material. Soil heaps must be kept well clear of sides of excavation (at least 1m).

(vi) (vii) (viii)

Syarikat Pembinaan LAL Sdn. Bhd.

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LAL ENGINEERING SDN BHD(577741-P)

SYARIKAT PEMBINAAN LAL SDN BHD (387372-A)

SECTION 2 - GENERAL SAFETY

(ix) (x) (xi)

When timber is used for supports ensure that it is free from defects. Ladder being used as a means of access and egress must always be placed in the supported section of the excavation. Be careful of slipping when using ladders, especially under wet conditions. All ladders must be tied and extended 1.0m above landings. A competent person must inspect the excavation and its support facility regularly to ensure its integrity.

(xii)

15. a. b. c.

MOBILE SCAFFOLD SAFETY Mobile work towers shall only be used and moved on surfaces sufficiently firm and level to avoid instability. Where work towers are to be erected on suspended floors, ensure that the bearing capacity of the floor is sufficient for the load to be imposed. On soft or uneven ground and unstable surfaces, a temporary foundation or track shall be provided to facilitate the erection and moving of the work tower. Work towers must be erected by competent persons. Prior to erection, check to ensure that the:(i) (ii) (iii) f. Tower components and construction are in good condition. Castor wheels and swivels for effective rotation. Brakes and locking devices for effective operation.

d. e.

Prior to use, check to ensure that the:(i) Tower is firm and stable.

Syarikat Pembinaan LAL Sdn. Bhd.

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LAL ENGINEERING SDN BHD(577741-P)

SYARIKAT PEMBINAAN LAL SDN BHD (387372-A)

SECTION 2 - GENERAL SAFETY

(ii) (iii) (iv) (v) (vi) (vii) (viii) (ix) g.

Horizontal braces and the platform are level. Outriggers are set correctly and secured. Base plates / castor wheels, including outriggers, are fully in contact with the ground. Castors are lockable. Spigot and socket joints are secured. Bracing is properly located. Boards are properly supported / cleaned. Guardrails and toeboards are adequately provided.

For stability the height of working platform must not exceed:(i) (ii) (iii) 3 times minimum base width for towers outside. 3.5 times minimum base width for towers in enclosed buildings. Provide ties to permanent structure wherever possible and for all towers exceeding 10m in height. Where ties are not applicable, ballast weights, guy ropes and or ground anchors shall be used.

h. i. j. k. l.

Loading shall not exceed SWL designed for and clearly displayed on tower. Materials must be hoisted from within the effective base area. Towers must never be moved with men and / or materials on the platform. Apply force at or near the base. Do not tow with a vehicle. Report defects to site management immediately. Towers must be inspected every 7 days and recorded.

Syarikat Pembinaan LAL Sdn. Bhd.

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LAL ENGINEERING SDN BHD(577741-P)

SYARIKAT PEMBINAAN LAL SDN BHD (387372-A)

SECTION 2 - GENERAL SAFETY

16.

WORKING AT HEIGHTS a. Where work cannot be done from the ground or other permanent structure, scaffold must be provided. Where it is impracticable to erect scaffolds, safety nets and / or safety harnesses must be used. Persons who are physically fit, have good eyesight and experienced shall be employed and under the controlled of an experienced supervisor. All working platforms and access ways from which a person can fall more than 3m must be fully boarded and be provided with guardrails and toeboards. (i) For working platform, for footing only shall be minimum 635mm wide or minimum 860mm wide when used for deposit of materials. The thickness of plank shall be 32mm (supported at 1m spacing), or 38mm thickness (supported at 1.5m spacing) and 50mm thickness (supported at 2.6m spacing). For guardrails installation, the toprail will extent at least 900mm above the top surface of the platform. The midrail will be fixed at about 690mm. For toeboards installation, the height must be at least 200mm above the top surface of the platform.

b.

c.

(ii)

(iii) d.

Safety harness shall be worn and securely attached to a fixed anchorage where scaffolds are not provided. The lanyard shall restrict the fall to only 1.8m. The use of static anchor points are preferred, however an inertia reel harness can be used where additional vertical movement is required, provided there is no danger of persons being injured by swinging into obstruction etc. Where work is carried out over or adjacent to water, buoyancy aids shall be worn in addition to the provision of suitable rescue equipment.

e.

f.

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LAL ENGINEERING SDN BHD(577741-P)


Syarikat Pembinaan LAL Sdn. Bhd.

SYARIKAT PEMBINAAN LAL SDN BHD (387372-A)

SECTION 2 - GENERAL SAFETY

g.

Due regard must be taken of prevailing weather conditions, i.e. strong wind, thunderstorm, rain, wet condition etc. Lightning arrestor shall be installed if the working is as is the highest point in the vicinity.

17.

ROOF WORK a. b. Roof work shall only be undertaken by persons with the adequate knowledge, experience and resources to carry out the work safely. Before any work or access on a roof, fragile material shall be identified, and precautions to be implemented. Crawling boards and / or roof ladders must be provided and use where the roof is liable to collapse under a persons weight and the sloping angle with a pitch over 10. Where persons can fall more than 3m from the edge or through an opening in the roof, parapet wall, catch platform, safety nets, guardrails and toeboards must be provided. In circumstances where the work is of short duration and / or the provision of guardrails and toeboards is impracticable, safety harness must be used. Suitable anchorage points must be provided. Where workers are employed on roof of fragile material through which they could fall more than 3m, suitable ladders, crawling boards or walkways shall be provided. Appropriate demarcation and warning signage shall be displayed to warn workers. Where it is reasonably practicable, catch nets shall be installed. Hazards resulting from adverse weather conditions must be anticipated and appropriate precautions taken e.g. lightning arrestors. Rubbish / materials must not be thrown down from a height where they are liable to cause injury. Use a chute or lower materials in a safe method. The rubbish / materials shall not be accumulated on rooftop.

c.

d.

e. f.

Syarikat Pembinaan LAL Sdn. Bhd.

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LAL ENGINEERING SDN BHD(577741-P)

SYARIKAT PEMBINAAN LAL SDN BHD (387372-A)

SECTION 2 - GENERAL SAFETY

18.

ROADWORK SAFETY a. The danger of working on and or adjacent to live carriage ways is obvious and requires additional safety precautions to be taken by all employees. The following are the minimum safety measures that shall be taken:(i) (ii) (iii) (iv) (v) (vi) (vii) Maintain a safety clearance between the moving traffic and the workers using demarcation devices. High visibility clothing and safety helmets shall be worn by workers at all times. Clearly define traffic lanes to ensure smooth traffic flow. Keep workers within designated area and keep alert. Vehicles / mobile plant to be fitted with rotating amber beacons and safety signage where applicable. Appoint Banksman / traffic controller to control vehicle / pedestrian movement. Install appropriate safety, warning and traffic signages at strategic locations.

19.

COMPRESSED GAS CYLINDER a. Storage (i) (ii) (iii) Full and empty cylinders shall be store separately; Oxygen and combustible gas cylinders shall not be stored together; Acetylene and Propane cylinders shall be store upright. Oxygen cylinders, shall be stored and used upright and all cylinders shall be secured to avoid falling over;

Syarikat Pembinaan LAL Sdn. Bhd.

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LAL ENGINEERING SDN BHD(577741-P)

SYARIKAT PEMBINAAN LAL SDN BHD (387372-A)

SECTION 2 - GENERAL SAFETY

(iv)

Gas cylinders shall be stored away from main activity area properly protected from heat and away from combustible materials; Display NO SMOKING, DANGER and COMPRESSED GAS signage; Suitable fire extinguishers must be made readily available at storage area.

(v) (vi) b.

Handling (i) (ii) (iii) Do not allow cylinders to drop or come into violent contact with one another. Do not roll cylinders on the ground; Use only rope / belt slings for lifting and never attach it to cylinders valve or gauges; Cylinders shall be placed in trolleys or tied in the upright position to a solid structure to avoid damage.

c.

Usage (i) (ii) (iii) (iv) (v) (vi) (vii) Pressure regulator must be attached to the cylinder valve and flash back arrestors installed before putting into use; Pressure regulators shall not be turned to the maximum but only to the required pressure; Avoid directing the flame on cylinders or workers; Soap water shall be used to check any leakage; Closed the valves tightly when not in use; Oxygen shall not be used as a substitute for compressed air; Suitable fire extinguisher must be made readily available at work area.

Syarikat Pembinaan LAL Sdn. Bhd.

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LAL ENGINEERING SDN BHD(577741-P)

SYARIKAT PEMBINAAN LAL SDN BHD (387372-A)

SECTION 2 - GENERAL SAFETY

20.

SAFETY IN PRESSURE TESTING a. Pressure testing may be carried out using a liquid, (hydraulic testing), by using gas, steam or air (pneumatic testing). Hydraulic testing is by far the safer and preferred method. It may be necessary to contain the vessel under test inside a blast pit or retaining wall. Any enclosures must be capable of containing flying materials in the event of a vessel failure. Account must be taken of the proximity of any public areas, such as roads and buildings. The vessel must not be subjected to any form of hammer test whilst under pressure, and the vessel shall not be approached for close inspection until after the test pressure has been reduced to a safe level.

b.

c. d.

21.

WELDING AND CUTTING a. Whenever and wherever welding or cutting or any hot work is carried out, the following minimum safety measures must be ensured:(i) (ii) Keep working area tidy and free from flammable materials; Goggles of the approved type must be worn to protect the eyes from ultraviolet and infrared rays which are particularly harmful to the eyes. Respiratory protection shall be applied to ensure toxic gases fumes or metallic dusts produced during welding and cutting are not inhaled; Take care when working in congested areas, use screens where possible; Warn persons working below / near you. Hot slag is dangerous. Cordon off the area affected to avoid injury; Ensure there is adequate ventilation. Suitable enclosure for welding operation to prevent sparks or hot slags from striking combustible materials;

(iii) (iv) (v)

Syarikat Pembinaan LAL Sdn. Bhd.

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LAL ENGINEERING SDN BHD(577741-P)

SYARIKAT PEMBINAAN LAL SDN BHD (387372-A)

SECTION 2 - GENERAL SAFETY

(vi) (vii) (viii) b.

Check hoses / cables regularly and before use, ensure the pressure gauges are serviceable; Do not use the equipment other than for the purpose intended; Suitable fire extinguisher must be made readily available for welding operations or hot work.

Are welding utilizes AC or DC supply, in either case the following minimum safety must apply:(i) (ii) (iii) (iv) (v) (vi) Ensure cables are correctly connected and adequately earthed; Keep cables clear of water or oil as short circuiting or ignition could occur due to high power; Do not allow traffic to pass over cables. If this is unavoidable then the cables must be protected; Disconnect from power source before joining cables or when not in use; Never use damaged cables; Use are welding screens where possible.

c.

Oxyacetylene (i) Cylinders (whether filled or empty) must be used in an upright position and securely fastened to prevent falling over. Empty and filled cylinders must be stored separately and away from prolong exposure to direct sunlight or heat; Keep cylinders away from welding / cutting operations; Ensure hoses do not cause tripping hazard or allow traffic to cross over; Keep cylinders free form oil and grease;

(ii) (iii) (iv)

Syarikat Pembinaan LAL Sdn. Bhd.

24

LAL ENGINEERING SDN BHD(577741-P)

SYARIKAT PEMBINAAN LAL SDN BHD (387372-A)

SECTION 2 - GENERAL SAFETY

(v) (vi) (vii) (viii) 22. a.

Ensure hoses and connections are leak proof. Do not use regulators with broken gauges. gauges as soon as possible; Replace broken

Use correct tools, as provided, when changing cylinders or turning on / off; Check valves and flash-back arrestors must be installed.

FUEL, OIL AND LIQUID STORAGE Diesel storage tanks shall be mounted on suitable elevated platforms. The area must be cleared of vegetation and a spillage bound wall shall be erected. Flammable oil or liquids shall be stored in lockage steel containers and the doors kept close with appropriate warning signs displayed. No smoking will be allowed and appropriate safety / warning signage displayed. Appropriate fire extinguishers shall be positioned at such storage. A bucket of sand shall also be made available for emergency or any cleaning up of spillage.

b. c. d.

23.

WORKING IN THE VICINITY OF UNDERGROUND ELECTRICAL LINES

a.

General (i) Live underground electrified cables are dangerous and can cause serious injury if damaged. Extreme care must, therefore, be exercised at all times; In an area such as town, city and industrial estates, it must be assumed that live cables are present beneath any footway or carriage way.

(ii)

Syarikat Pembinaan LAL Sdn. Bhd.

25

LAL ENGINEERING SDN BHD(577741-P)

SYARIKAT PEMBINAAN LAL SDN BHD (387372-A)

SECTION 2 - GENERAL SAFETY

b.

Preparation (i) Work must be planned and notice must be given to the public utilities where excavations are planned in footway or carriage way; Obtain from the local Electricity Board plans showing positions of their mains, but do not trust accuracy of actual placement fully as it may be outdated; It must be remembered that only mains are shown. Service cables to property, street lamp etc., are not likely to be indicated. If a plan does not show a cable, it does not follow. Take care to avoid breaking through concrete or other hard surfaces onto soft materials with a power tool; Keep a continuous watch for signs of cables as work progresses, with periodic checks with the CAT; Live cables can occur at any depth and may not be protected. If the end of the cable is found, check to ensure that this cable is dead and out of use; If a cable is found embedded in concrete, do not break the concrete away until the Electricity Board confirms it is safe to do so: If a cable is exposed, do not touch it or use it as a step or handhold. Inform your supervisor immediately if the cable has suffered any damage, however slight. In this case, isolate the area and keep everybody away from the cable until it has been made safe.

(ii)

(iii)

(iv) (v) (vi)

(vii)

(viii)

Syarikat Pembinaan LAL Sdn. Bhd.

26

LAL ENGINEERING SDN BHD(577741-P)

SYARIKAT PEMBINAAN LAL SDN BHD (387372-A)

SECTION 2 - GENERAL SAFETY

24. a.

WORKING IN THE VICINITY OF OVERHEAD ELECTRIC LINES General (i) Contact with overhead electric lines can be lethal with supply as low as 240 volts. Overhead electric lines are not normally insulated, and if contact or near contact is made with them by crane, jib, scaffold pole, ladder or similar object. The risk of fatality or severe shock or burns to any person in the immediate vicinity is eminent; Similar dangers can also exist in movement of abnormally high loads on roads crossed by overhead lines.

(ii) b.

Pre-planning (i) Pre-planning safe working procedures is essential. Specific warnings / notices will be necessary if vehicles, plant or equipment etc. are installed in the vicinity of overhead lines. In this case, the Electricity Board would be approached for advice of the safe working distances of the overhead electric lines. (ii) In areas where, in the opinion of the supervisor, there may be special hazards or difficulties, then he must use the electricity cable drawings as a guide and survey the site to locate any cables prior to work commencement; For this purpose a Cable Avoidance Tool (CAT) must be used, but be reminded that this will only indicate live load carrying cables. The presence of street lighting, illuminated signs, bollards, traffic signals, and the like shall be looked for. Note shall be taken of the fact that every fronting property will have an electricity supply somewhere. Any cables located shall be clearly marked on the surface of the footway or carriage way using fluorescent paint (aerosol), wooden pegs on grass or unsurfaced areas;

27

LAL ENGINEERING SDN BHD(577741-P)


Syarikat Pembinaan LAL Sdn. Bhd.

SYARIKAT PEMBINAAN LAL SDN BHD (387372-A)

SECTION 2 - GENERAL SAFETY

(iii)

Accidents have occurred where cables are embedded in concrete. If cables are suspected of being embedded in concrete, the Electricity Board shall be informed with a request that they examine the situation and, if necessary, cut off the supply prior to excavations.

c.

Excavation (i) Before commencing work, the supervisor must have a copy of the cable plan and must check any marked positions of cables in relation to the excavation proposed. A further check must also be carried out using the CAT (Cable Avoidance Tool); If there is any doubt in your mind concerning the presence of live cables, inform the supervisor at once before continuing with excavation; If possible, use trial holes when excavating near suspected cables to establish their exact location; Use hand digging methods wherever practicable in the immediate vicinity of the indicated line of cables; Do not use mechanical excavators or power tools within 0.5 metres of the indicated line of any cable, unless consent of the Electricity Board has been obtained; Officer be consulted for advice on what additional precautions will be required. (vi) Access for plant and materials and the working of plant shall be under the direct supervision of a responsible person appointed to ensure that safety precautions are observed. Plant, equipment, or tools that could reach beyond the safe clearance limit shall be modified by the addition of suitable physical restraints so that they cannot reach beyond the safe clearance limit.

(ii)

(iii) (iv) (v)

(vii)

28

LAL ENGINEERING SDN BHD(577741-P)


Syarikat Pembinaan LAL Sdn. Bhd.

SYARIKAT PEMBINAAN LAL SDN BHD (387372-A)

SECTION 2 - GENERAL SAFETY

(viii)

When work has been carried out on a structure with a consequentially reduced safety clearance, the Electricity Board and Safety Officer shall be consulted about proposed working methods. The Safety Officer is the responsible person for ensuring the observance of safety precautions on the work is carried out. The use of insulating guards for jibs and proximity warning devices is NOT advisable.

NOTE:

25. a.

WORKING IN THE VICINITY OF GAS PIPES General (i) Damage to gas pipes can result in uncontrolled gas escapes that may be dangerous. These occurrences can cause expensive disruption of work and inconvenience to the public. The commonly use cast iron gas pipes are very similar in appearance to cast iron water pipes. Various materials are used for gas pipes and services. If any cast iron pipe is uncovered, it shall be treated as a gas pipe, as gas pipes installation is increasing at a steady pace in Peninsular Malaysia.

b.

Safe working practices (i) Gas pipes must be located by hand-digging before mechanical excavation. A mechanical excavator must not be used within 0.5 metres of a gas pipe. Where heavy plant may have to cross the line of a gas pipe during construction work. The crossing points shall be suitably reinforced and the number of crossings shall be kept to a minimum and clearly identified signaled. No explosive shall be used within 30 metres of any gas pipe without prior consultation with the local Gas Authority.

(ii)

(iii)

29

LAL ENGINEERING SDN BHD(577741-P)


Syarikat Pembinaan LAL Sdn. Bhd.

SYARIKAT PEMBINAAN LAL SDN BHD (387372-A)

SECTION 2 - GENERAL SAFETY

(iv)

Where it is proposed to carry out excavation work, piling or boring within 15 metres of any gas pipe, the appropriate authority shall be consulted. When welding or other hot works involving naked flames are to be carried out in close proximity to gas plant, and the presence of gas is suspected, the appropriate Authority must be contacted before work commences to check the atmosphere. Even when a gas free atmosphere exists, care must be taken when carrying out hot works in close proximity to gas plant in order to ensure that the area is safe. Particular care must be taken to avoid damage by heat or naked flames to plastic pipes or the protective coatings on other gas pipes.

(v)

(vi)

(vii)

c.

Actions on leakage of gas (i) (ii) (iii) Immediately clear off all personnel from the immediate vicinity of the gas leakage. Inform the Fire Department by telephone (Tel: 994) and the gas supplier and policy if necessary. Prevent any approach by the public, prohibit smoking, and extinguish all naked flames or other sources of ignition for a least 15 metres from the leakage. Carton off the area if possible. Assist fire personnel, police where necessary.

(iv)

30

LAL ENGINEERING SDN BHD(577741-P)


Syarikat Pembinaan LAL Sdn. Bhd.

SYARIKAT PEMBINAAN LAL SDN BHD (387372-A)

SECTION 2 - GENERAL SAFETY

26. a.

WORKING ON OR ADJACENT TO RAILWAYS Work on or adjacent to railways presents special hazards, high speed locomotives, high voltage electrical conductors and signaling equipment. It is, therefore, most important to consult with the railway authorities (KTM Berhad) at an early stage. If there are electric lines over site, near the site boundaries, or over access roads to the site, it is essential that the Electricity Board shall be consulted without delay in order that the proposed work can be discussed and full time given for the line to be diverted or disconnected or for other precautions to be taken. General Precautions (i) Where there is no work or passage of plant under the electric lines, barriers are required to prevent close approach. Barriers shall be erected parallel to the overhead lines and ideally more than 6 metres distance from it. The distance may depend upon the voltage of the overhead line and advises sought from Electricity Board. The barriers shall be surmounted by coloured bunting which forms an additional warning. If access is only possible from one side then a barrier on that side will be sufficient. Where it is necessary for plant to travel to and fro under overhead lines, the area where vehicle they may pass shall be adequate and preferably not more than 10 metres wide. This passageway shall be clearly defined by the use of fencing barriers and goal posts shall be of rigid construction and of a non-conducting material, distinctly marked in order that they may clearly identified.

b.

c.

(ii)

31

LAL ENGINEERING SDN BHD(577741-P)


Syarikat Pembinaan LAL Sdn. Bhd.

SYARIKAT PEMBINAAN LAL SDN BHD (387372-A)

SECTION 2 - GENERAL SAFETY

(iii)

Warning notices shall be provided on each side of the passageway advising people of the hazard and giving the cross bar clearance to warn drivers to lower their jibs etc. To give crane drivers sufficient time to lower the jib before reaching the goal posts, warning notices are required prior to reaching the goal posts. Goal posts may consist of tensioned steel plastic coated rope and shall be erected on both sides of the line at the distance not less than 12 metres from the lines. The increased distance allows for the possibility of ropes being stretched by cranes. Where steel ropes are used, they must be effectively earthed and shall be fitted with coloured bunting. If it is essential for work to be carried out beneath the overhead lines and they cannot be diverted or made dead, it will be necessary to take precautions in addition to those noted above. It is essential that both the Electricity Board and the Safety and instruct employees and sub-contractors on the routines and safe systems of work which must be followed when working adjacent to railways.

(iv)

d. e. 27. a.

Early notification of work of this nature must be given to the Safety Officer prior to starting work. Permit to Work shall be implemented. FIRE PRECAUTION FOR SITE, OFFICE, COMPOUND OR STORE Major causes of fire on site are due to:(i) (ii) (iii) (iv) (v) Electrical faults or overloading of circuit; Misuse or faulty installation of compressed gasses; Misuse or poor sitting of heating appliances; Improper disposal of smoking materials; Indiscriminate burning. 32

LAL ENGINEERING SDN BHD(577741-P)

SYARIKAT PEMBINAAN LAL SDN BHD (387372-A)

Syarikat Pembinaan LAL Sdn. Bhd.

SECTION 2 - GENERAL SAFETY

b. c. d. e. f. g.

The office areas and compounds shall be properly maintained of its vegetation and housekeeping. Offices shall be well-spaced to allow for fire separation and access for emergency services. Installations of high fire risks shall be sited away from other buildings or sited down wind. Adequate and appropriate fire equipment must be strategically located and properly signaled. Compressed gas must be stored in isolated compound protected and appropriate signage displayed. Fire plan must be made known to all occupants and practices to be carried out to ensure systematic and orderly evacuation in the event of emergency. FIRE EXTINGUISHER REQUIREMENT

28. a.

Supply of fire extinguishers is the responsibility of Project Manager or the nominated person. As a general guide, the following shall be borne in mind:(i) (ii) (iii) One fire extinguisher for every 25 sq.m of office space. In cabins or kitchens dry powder or CO type extinguishers are recommended. For switch rooms, offices with electrical equipment, photocopiers, computers, etc., CO type extinguishers is recommended. For petrol / diesel, foam or dry powder type extinguishers and sand are suitable. For LPG and compresses gasses, use dry powder type extinguishers. 33

(iv) (v)

LAL ENGINEERING SDN BHD(577741-P)

SYARIKAT PEMBINAAN LAL SDN BHD (387372-A)

Syarikat Pembinaan LAL Sdn. Bhd.

SECTION 2 - GENERAL SAFETY

b.

All fire extinguishers must be serviced by authorized centre once every 12 months and that a signed and dated certificate issued by Fire Department is attached to each extinguisher. DEMOLITION

29. a.

Preparation for demolition must include the following as a minimum requirement:(i) (ii) (iii) Any demolition shall be properly planned and coordinated to ensure a safe and systematic execution. Site inspection shall be carried out by the Project Manager and / or Safety Officer prior to demolition operation. Unstable parts of the building shall be made safe by shoring, bracing or other means of support. Glass fixtures on doors and windows are to be removed together with loose objects and projecting parts.

30. a.

ELECTRICITY The following are the minimum precautions and responsibilities to be carried out: (i) (ii) (iii) The permit to work procedure shall be implemented for work on line conductors / installation / equipment. All work on electrical systems shall have a tag in and tag out procedure. A specialist electrical company / contractors or trained technician shall be employed on any electrical work be it installation, operation, maintenance and testing. Adequate training on safety and supervision on work shall be provided. 34

(iv)

LAL ENGINEERING SDN BHD(577741-P)

SYARIKAT PEMBINAAN LAL SDN BHD (387372-A)

Syarikat Pembinaan LAL Sdn. Bhd.

SECTION 2 - GENERAL SAFETY

(v) (vi) (vii)

All electrical wiring, termination shall be properly and effectively carried out. Broken / damaged wiring / socket / plug are not allowed to be used until proper repair / replacement is effected. Adequate and proper personal protecting equipment shall be provided and used by all working / near the electrical installation. Adequate earthing shall be provided for all electrical installations. All electrical installations portable equipment should be inspected on monthly intervals. All wiring shall be raised and supported above the floor unless suitable protection / waterproof type is used. Elevated power lines must have sufficient vertical clearance and prominently identified.

(viii) (ix) (x) (xi) b.

Demolition Equipment (i) (ii) When excavators and bulldozers are used for demolition, consideration shall be given to the nature of the structure. If swinging weight is used for demolition, a safety zone of at least two times the height of the building or structure shall be maintained around the points of impact. Swinging weight shall be controlled to hit at specific direction. Scaffolds used for demolition operations shall be independent of the structure to be demolished, to ensure their stability.

(iii) c.

Catch Platforms (i) Catch platforms shall be provided along the exterior walls so as to prevent danger from falling objects. 35

LAL ENGINEERING SDN BHD(577741-P)

SYARIKAT PEMBINAAN LAL SDN BHD (387372-A)

Syarikat Pembinaan LAL Sdn. Bhd.

SECTION 2 - GENERAL SAFETY

(ii)

Catch platforms shall be inclined so that the outer edge is higher than the inner edge and shall be at least five feet wide and closely planked. It shall be able to withstand live load of 120lb / ft from falling object.

d.

Demolition of Walls and Floors (i) (ii) (iii) (iv) The walls shall be demolished floors by floor beginning at roof level and working downwards. If walls are pushed over, all the workers shall stay on the safe side and be kept at a safe distance. The workers demolishing walls that are thin or structurally weak shall be provided with scaffolding. When floors are to be demolished, the area immediately underneath shall be fenced off and warning notice displayed. Nobody shall be allowed to enter it. Power on all the mechanical and electrical services shall be shut off. If it is necessary to maintain electric power or other service lines, they shall be sufficiently protected against damage. The area around the building to be demolished shall be sufficiently fenced off and warning notices posted at convenient place. Workers shall not be working at different levels unless prior arrangements are taken to ensure the safety of those at lower level.

(v)

(vi)

(vii)

e.

Demolition Operation (i) (ii) All demolition operations shall be under the direct supervision of an experienced engineer / supervision. Demolition operation shall start from the top to bottom of the structure. 36

LAL ENGINEERING SDN BHD(577741-P)

SYARIKAT PEMBINAAN LAL SDN BHD (387372-A)

Syarikat Pembinaan LAL Sdn. Bhd.

SECTION 2 - GENERAL SAFETY

(iii) (iv)

Care shall be taken not to demolish any parts which would destroy the stability of other parts of structure. No demolition activities are allowed under strong windy conditions, as this would cause collapse of already weakened structure. To keep down dust, water shall be sprayed at suitable intervals. If buildings are demolished by explosives, the relevant RBM safety requirements shall be complied with. Keep the public and unauthorized employees at least 30m away from the area. Remove walls by picking them apart. Working scaffolds shall be supported independently of the wall. Remove all debris promptly and barricade the dump.

(v) (vi) (vii) (viii) (ix)

37

LAL ENGINEERING SDN BHD(577741-P)


Syarikat Pembinaan LAL Sdn. Bhd.

SYARIKAT PEMBINAAN LAL SDN BHD (387372-A)

SECTION 3 - VEHICLE, MACHINERY & TOOL SAFETY

1.

VEHICLE SAFETY a. Licensed Operators No person shall be permitted to drive a vehicle without a license authorized and / or issued by the local government or other regulating authority for the particular type of vehicle concerned. b. Inspection and Maintenance Motor vehicles including construction equipment shall be checked daily by the operators for the satisfactory operation of brakes, clutches, horns, light etc. All site vehicles and machinery must be fitted with appropriate fire extinguishers. c. Prohibited Vehicles Vehicles which are not properly maintained / unsafe or which do not have a proper vehicle entry pass shall not be allowed to enter the project site. d. Speed Limit The maximum vehicular speed within the project site shall be 20km/h. However, it shall be reduced due to proximity to work area, dangerous / confined access or slippery roads. e. Refueling Refueling within the project site shall only conducted in designated areas and combustible materials. Fire extinguisher must be readily available while refueling / at fuel storage area which are away from heat source. f. Operating Rules The following operating rules shall be strictly adhered to by all personnel:(i) Driving under the influence of drugs or alcohol shall be strictly prohibited. 38

LAL ENGINEERING SDN BHD(577741-P)


Syarikat Pembinaan LAL Sdn. Bhd.

SYARIKAT PEMBINAAN LAL SDN BHD (387372-A)

SECTION 3 - VEHICLE, MACHINERY & TOOL SAFETY


(ii) (iii) No overtaking shall be allowed unless the front vehicle operator has full knowledge and allows it. When reversing any construction equipment or other large vehicles a signalman shall be employed. Ideally a reversing alarm shall be fitted. All traffic signs shall be strictly observed. At all blind corners, the operator shall stop and ensure the safety of other traffic and pedestrians before proceeding. All vehicles shall proceed along the correct side of the road in compliance with the local regulations. The number of persons, including the operator, allowed in a vehicle shall not exceed the intended seating capacity of the vehicles. No person shall be allowed to ride with arms or legs extended outside any vehicles, not to ride on running boards, fenders or on top of loads. No person shall be permitted to get on or off a vehicle whilst it is still in motion. Vehicle shall be brought to a complete stop and hand brakes operated before loading or unloading.

(iv) (v) (vi) (vii)

(viii)

(ix)

g.

No Parking Areas No vehicles shall at any time park:(i) (ii) (iii) (iv) (v) In front of fire extinguishers or other installed fire-fighting appliances. In hazardous work area. In the vicinity of road construction, crane work or erection work. Within five (5) meter from the corners of road and building. Within other designated restricted areas. 39

LAL ENGINEERING SDN BHD(577741-P)


Syarikat Pembinaan LAL Sdn. Bhd.

SYARIKAT PEMBINAAN LAL SDN BHD (387372-A)

SECTION 3 - VEHICLE, MACHINERY & TOOL SAFETY

h.

Parking The following regulations with regards to the parking of vehicles shall be strictly observed by all personnel:(i) (ii) Vehicles shall be properly parked in the designated parking lots. Ignition keys shall be removed from all vehicles when parked.

i.

Other Regulations The following additional regulations shall also be strictly adhered to:(i) When hauling long materials such as angles, steel bars etc. the extended portion of the materials shall be clearly marked with a red flag and at night a reflector and / or a red light shall also be attached thereto. Smoking shall be prohibited when driving a vehicle or operating a plant / machinery. Vehicle entry procedures shall be strictly observed.

(ii) (iii) k.

Bicycles and Motorcycles (i) (ii) Bicycles and motorcycles shall only be parked in the designated parking lots. Only personnel holding a valid motorcycle license shall be allowed to ride a motorcycle.

l.

Accident Reporting (i) All vehicle accident at site shall be promptly reported to Safety Officer for investigation as specified in the accident reporting system. The scene of an accident shall be left untouched unless the injured person needs immediate rescue or there is a possibility of further damage to equipment or facilities. Any contact required with the local police shall be made by or with the consent of the Project Manager. 40

(ii)

LAL ENGINEERING SDN BHD(577741-P)


Syarikat Pembinaan LAL Sdn. Bhd.

SYARIKAT PEMBINAAN LAL SDN BHD (387372-A)

SECTION 3 - VEHICLE, MACHINERY & TOOL SAFETY

m.

Violation of Traffic Regulation (i) To help to maintain a high level of traffic safety, a warning letter or penalty shall be given to any personnel who violates the traffic regulations contained herein. Personnel who have repeatedly violated these traffic regulations shall be prohibited from entering the project site or otherwise decided by the Project Manager.

(ii)

2.

CRANE OPERATION a. Cranes shall only be operated by persons who are qualified by training, and / or certified competent by experience and authorized to operate cranes in a safe and proper manner. No person under 21 years of age shall operate a crane. No crane shall be used unless the valid certificate of fitness (PMA) from JKKP has been obtained. Cranes shall only be used for the purposes to which they have been designed for. All cranes shall be properly maintained and the operator shall be fully conversant with safety procedures. A record of maintenance shall be maintained. All lifting tackle used with the cranes shall be properly maintained, inspected, tested and records maintained. The safe working load (SWL) of any crane must NOT be exceeded. The safe load indicator must NOT be altered in any way. Signals to crane operators must only be given by a trained banksman who is conversant with Standard Signals for Crane Operators. Under no circumstances shall the operator lift or move a heavy / large load without a banksman. No load shall be left suspended from a crane over prolong period or when the operator is not in attendance. 41

b. c. d. e.

f. g. h.

i.

LAL ENGINEERING SDN BHD(577741-P)


Syarikat Pembinaan LAL Sdn. Bhd.

SYARIKAT PEMBINAAN LAL SDN BHD (387372-A)

SECTION 3 - VEHICLE, MACHINERY & TOOL SAFETY

j. k. l. m.

Only qualified and authorized person shall make any modifications or alterations to any crane. Cranes must only be used to firm and level ground. Steel plates must be used for soft ground. Outriggers must be fully extended and the pads based on a firm and level surface. Only the operator shall be on or near the crane during any lifting operation. Never allow passenger to ride on the machine. No person, other than the operator shall be within the slewing / swing area. No crane shall be used in a confined area without the use of suitable barriers to ensure no persons encroach into the slewing area. No load shall be lifted unless it is properly supported and secured to prevent it from slipping or becoming dislodged. Register of servicing will be maintained weekly by the operator.

n. o. p. 3.

BANKSMAN / SLINGER a. It is the responsibility of the Project Manager to ensure that only trained banksmen / slingers are appointed for lifting operations. A register of banksman / slinger shall be maintained. Banksman shall:(i) (ii) (iii) be readily identifiable; i.e. coloured helmet or reflective jacket. be over 18 years of age and a responsible person. be conversant with the standard signaling procedure to Crane Operators.

b.

42

LAL ENGINEERING SDN BHD(577741-P)


Syarikat Pembinaan LAL Sdn. Bhd.

SYARIKAT PEMBINAAN LAL SDN BHD (387372-A)

SECTION 3 - VEHICLE, MACHINERY & TOOL SAFETY

c.

Slinger shall:(i) (ii) (iii) ensure that the lifting equipment is suitable for the task. ensure the load is secured, balanced and correctly slung. ensure that any defective equipment must be identified and segregated and is returned to store.

4.

FORKLIFT OPERATORS a. b. c. d. e. f. g. h. i. j. k. l. Operators must be trained, experienced and certified to operate the forklift assigned to him. Ensure the machine is serviceable and properly maintained at all times and report any defects immediately. Never allow workers to ride on the forklift. The safe working load (SWL) shall be clearly indicated. This must never be exceeded. Always load with the mast vertical or tilted slightly backward. Have forks spaced as widely as practicable to give maximum stability. Ensure load does not obscure drivers view on movement direction. If necessary, use banksman. Be aware of plant and personnel in the working area. Sound horn to warn others. Avoid sharp obstacles. Travel with load in the lowest position possible. Do not raise or lower load while traveling. Always travel at a steady speed. Do not brake or turn violently. Do not pass under power lines unless within goal posts, or banksman is used. 43

LAL ENGINEERING SDN BHD(577741-P)


Syarikat Pembinaan LAL Sdn. Bhd.

SYARIKAT PEMBINAAN LAL SDN BHD (387372-A)

SECTION 3 - VEHICLE, MACHINERY & TOOL SAFETY

m.

The machine must always be parked in a manner so as not to endanger other site users. When leaving the machine the forks shall be lowered to the ground, the hand brake applied, the engine stopped and ignition key removed.

5.

DUMPERS, TRACTORS AND TRAILERS a. Nobody is permitted to ride on any dumper, tractor or in any trailer except where proper seats for passenger are installed and safety of passengers ensured. Only licensed drivers of 18 years of age and over are permitted to drive dumpers and tractors. The names of these persons shall be registered by the site management. The operator must ensure that the machine in his charge is maintained in a serviceable condition, and must notify site management of any defects. The drivers of all vehicles must have received adequate training and certified competent and record kept by site management. Machines shall not be placed at or near any excavation unless safety chocks and banksmen are used. Whilst loading a dumper by means of an excavator, the engine must be turned off, gear level set in neutral and the hand brake applied. The driver of the dumper must stand clear until the loading operation is completed.

b.

c.

d. e. f.

6.

EXCAVATOR OPERATORS a. Ensure that excavator in your charge is serviceable and properly maintained at all times and record maintained, report defects immediately. Check ground conditions before commencing work. Find out position of underground services in working area. 44

b.

LAL ENGINEERING SDN BHD(577741-P)


Syarikat Pembinaan LAL Sdn. Bhd.

SYARIKAT PEMBINAAN LAL SDN BHD (387372-A)

SECTION 3 - VEHICLE, MACHINERY & TOOL SAFETY

c. d. e. f.

Never carry passengers or riding on plant or use for lifting and lowering workers. Be aware of other persons and plant in your area. Use banksmen where and when necessary. Always lower bucket to ground when excavator is left unattended, switched off the machine and removed the key. Never stockpile materials too close to the machine. Always leave plenty of room between machine and stockpile for safe passage of site personnel. When used in confined spaces, never slew without a trained banksman being present. An excavator may only be used for lifting under the following circumstances:(i) When a crane is not available or impracticable due to site accessibility, poor site conditions and for short duration uses only. Must only be used for lifting in the immediate vicinity of an excavation with which that machine is involved. Must never exceed its safe working load when lifting. Never attempt to lift any load into a trench until you are sure that all personnel are clear of the area. Never lift or lower a load if your view is obstructed unless under the guidance of a trained banksman. When lifting, always ensure that the method of fixing lifting tackle is safe and secure. Never use open hooks attached to the bucket or the bucket teeth.

g. h.

(ii) (iii) (iv) (v) (vi)

45

LAL ENGINEERING SDN BHD(577741-P)


Syarikat Pembinaan LAL Sdn. Bhd.

SYARIKAT PEMBINAAN LAL SDN BHD (387372-A)

SECTION 3 - VEHICLE, MACHINERY & TOOL SAFETY

7.

BATCHING PLANTS a. Batching plants must only be operated with proper written approval from DOSH. A copy of PMA must be retained at the plant. Batching plants shall only be used by, or under the supervision of persons who are qualified by training or by experience. Operators must be authorized by the management and be fully conversant with the manufacturers operating and safety procedures. All guards and maintenance access gates must be properly secured or locked when plant is operating. Appropriate safety measures must be taken and signages must be posted. The operator cabin must be locked at all times when unattended and signaged No entry to unauthorized person. Unauthorized person is NOT allowed to enter the batching plant area and appropriate notices posted at the entrance. No person must enter the aggregate storage area when the scraper or loader is in operation. The scraper or loader operator may only be contacted via the batcher operator. All main switches must be isolated and security keys removed before any maintenance or repairs are carried out. Emergency isolation switches must be installed at strategic locations for the purpose of emergency shut off. Running adjustments must only be carried out by qualified technician in the presence of experienced batcher supervisor. Vehicular traffic must follow the instructions of the batcher management. All access ladders and maintenance platforms must be properly guarded and kept clear at all times.

b. c.

d. e. f.

g.

h. i. j.

46

LAL ENGINEERING SDN BHD(577741-P)

SYARIKAT PEMBINAAN LAL SDN BHD (387372-A)

Syarikat Pembinaan LAL Sdn. Bhd.

SECTION 3 - VEHICLE, MACHINERY & TOOL SAFETY

8.

PASSENGER HOISTS a. b. Passenger hoists must only be erected by the competent person in accordance with statutory regulations. Passenger hoists, must be registered with the Department of Occupational Safety and Health and PMA certificate issued by them before operation. The hoist must not be used until an overload and droopiest and thorough examination has been carried out by a competent and authorized person. Thereafter, the hoist must be examined every 6 months and a record kept. A copy of PMA certificate must be retained on site and a photocopy displayed at the passenger hoist cabin. Hoists must be inspected WEEKLY and proper records maintained. The following areas must be undertaken in this inspection:(i) (ii) (iii) (iv) (v) (vi) (vii) (viii) (ix) Bases and jacks Ties in position and security Mast condition and fixings Gates, operable and signs in position Hoist tower condition Mesh condition Ropes condition Platform condition Mechanical condition of hoist

c.

d.

47

LAL ENGINEERING SDN BHD(577741-P)


Syarikat Pembinaan LAL Sdn. Bhd.

SYARIKAT PEMBINAAN LAL SDN BHD (387372-A)

SECTION 3 - VEHICLE, MACHINERY & TOOL SAFETY

9.

HAND OPERATED POWER TOOLS a. The following rules must be complied by all operatives when using power tools:(i) (ii) (iii) (iv) (v) (vi) (vii) b. Electrical tools must be properly connected and earthed using approved apparatus and methods. All power tools must be thoroughly inspected before every use to ensure its join together and safety. Faulty tools must NEVER be used and shall be segregated and tagged. No tools shall be left out in the open and unattended at site, they must be stored in a clean, dry place. Only persons skilled in the use of power tools shall be permitted to use them. Ensure that the correct tools is being used for any particular operation. Only competent persons shall effect any repair or adjustment to any power tools.

Pneumatic Power Tools (i) All spindles, drive shafts, fan blades, fan belts, etc., on compressors must be guarded. Likewise, any dangerous part of any tool driven by air pressure. All joints on air lines must be made with properly matched connections. Improvisation shall never be permitted. Air jets must never be directed at any person and shall never be used for cleaning clothes and both. When an airline is being used for blowing out, then all personnel in the immediate vicinity, including the operator, must wear goggles. 48

(ii) (iii) (iv)

LAL ENGINEERING SDN BHD(577741-P)

SYARIKAT PEMBINAAN LAL SDN BHD (387372-A)

Syarikat Pembinaan LAL Sdn. Bhd.

SECTION 3 - VEHICLE, MACHINERY & TOOL SAFETY


(v) The air supply to an air operated tool must be switched off when the tool is left unattended, before it is disconnected, when it is being moved or when it is being repaired. Before a pneumatic tool is used, the airline shall be inspected to ensure that it is free of splits and holes.

(vi) c.

Chain Saws (i) (ii) (iii) (iv) (v) (vi) (vii) Chain saws must only be operated by a competent person authorized by the site management. And defective or unsafe machine must be withdrawn from use immediately and reported to site management. All guards must be securely fitted and safety devices tested before use. No person shall operate a chain saw in a completely isolated area. Chain saws must be kept sharp, and the sharpening carried out by a competent person only. Suitable protective clothing / equipment shall be worn when operating a chain saw. The chain saw must be kept in store after used.

10.

ABRASIVE WHEELS a. Nobody is permitted to mount abrasive wheels unless he is certified competent. A list of certified competent persons must be maintained on site. Where as certified competent person has failed in installing a wheel / disc correctly, his competency shall be revoked. Only trained persons are authorized to use abrasive tools. Where an operative hold a certificate issued by another organization, the operative shall be re-tested and re-certified by SPLALSB before being employed on the job.

b. c.

49

LAL ENGINEERING SDN BHD(577741-P)


Syarikat Pembinaan LAL Sdn. Bhd.

SYARIKAT PEMBINAAN LAL SDN BHD (387372-A)

SECTION 3 - VEHICLE, MACHINERY & TOOL SAFETY


d. Guards shall be fitted and kept in position. Under no circumstances are abrasive wheels to be used without guards. Floor stand and bench mounted abrasive wheels must be guarded for at least of the circumference. Use only correct tools issued by the supplier for changing wheel / discs and ensure that correct wheel / disc is fitted for the operation. All abrasive wheels shall be stored properly so that they are not damaged. Checks must be carried out to ensure the output of the power course for air and electric tools is compatible with the equipment in use. Adequate and suitable eye protection must be worn by any person using an abrasive / cutting wheel.

e. f. g. h. 11.

CARTRIDGE TOOLS a. b. c. d. e. f. g. h. Cartridge tools must only be used by a trained and approved person. A list of approved persons must be maintained on site. The manufacturers representative will train any person if requested to do so. Only nails and cartridges manufactured for that make of tool must be used. Case hardened nails must not be used. Tools must be maintained, serviced and kept in good order. Goggles and ear defenders must be worn by operators. Splatter guards must be kept in position. Tools shall be armed ONLY when required for immediate use. It shall not be stored with a cartridge in it. The material and its opposite side into which fixings are mounted must be checked prior to the operation to ensure that persons are not likely to be injured by flying fixings or penetration of material.

Syarikat Pembinaan LAL Sdn. Bhd.

50

LAL ENGINEERING SDN BHD(577741-P)

SYARIKAT PEMBINAAN LAL SDN BHD (387372-A)

SECTION 3 - VEHICLE, MACHINERY & TOOL SAFETY

i.

Tools must be kept in box when not being used, even for short period. The cartridge must be securely stored separately and under strict control by a responsible person. Extreme care must be taken when using these tools and they must NEVER be pointed at any person or issued for any purpose other than that for which they are intended. The cartridge tool and all spent / unspent cartridges must be returned to the site office / store when work is completed. The operator must ensure that the tools are maintained in a satisfactory condition and its maintenance to be carried out by qualified technician and recorded. Except for certain specialist applications, only low velocity indirect acting type tools may be used.

j.

k. l.

m. 12.

CIRCULAR SAWS a. b. c. d. e. f. All bench type circular saws must be rigidly secured to prevent dangerous movement. Circular saws and other woodworking machinery must only be operated by competent persons of 18 years and above. The area surrounding the circular saw must be kept clear of materials, scrap, oil, etc. at all times. Suitably constructed and readily identifiable push sticks must always be used to avoid persons fingers going near the saw blade. Any defects on the machinery or any unsafe conditions must be reported immediately. A guard that covers both sides of the blade must be kept as close as possible to the surface of the materials being cut, and at least covering the root of the teeth. Where squared stock is being fed into the saw by hand, the guard must not be more than 12mm from the upper surface of the materials being cut.

Syarikat Pembinaan LAL Sdn. Bhd.

51

LAL ENGINEERING SDN BHD(577741-P)

SYARIKAT PEMBINAAN LAL SDN BHD (387372-A)

SECTION 3 - VEHICLE, MACHINERY & TOOL SAFETY

g.

The riving knife must always be positioned as closed, as possible to the saw blade, and the gap between the two must not be more than 12mm at the level of the table. Where the underside of the saw blade is exposed and can be reached by any person, it must be fitted with suitable constructed guards. On any machine that can accommodate a blade of more than 450mm, the table must be such that the distance between the delivery end of the table and the up-running part of the saw blade is not less than 1200mm. No cutting of any rebate, tenon, mould or groove may be carried out on a circular saw. No ripping operations may be carried out unless the teeth of the saw blade protrude through the materials being cut. Circular saws must not be used for cross cutting logs etc., unless the material is held in a gripping device on a traveling table. Suitable eye and ear protection must be worn by the operator where appropriate. Appropriate safety signages must be posted. The emergency stop control of all saws must, at all times, be maintained in effective working order, and where an emergency stop becomes defective, the machine shall be taken out of commission until these repairs have been executed.

h. i.

j. k. l. m. n. o.

Syarikat Pembinaan LAL Sdn. Bhd.

52

LAL ENGINEERING SDN BHD(577741-P)

SYARIKAT PEMBINAAN LAL SDN BHD (387372-A)

SECTION 4 - MEDICAL FITNESS / FIRST AID

1.

MEDICAL FITNESS a. b. It shall be the general rule that any person who is either physically or mentally unfit shall NOT be allowed to work at the project site. All personnel shall be medically fit to perform their work, and shall adhere to all statutory rules and regulations and any other procedure or guidelines for medical surveillance or monitoring of industrial hygiene.

2.

FIRST AID FACILITIES AT PROJECT SITE a. b. RBM shall endeavor to provide a qualified / trained first aider at project site for the administration of first aid. In order that the first aid treatment is readily available, all the necessary first aid equipment, including sufficient number of first boxes shall be made available. RBM shall ensure that adequate number of first aid boxes and equipment are strategically located and shall be checked and replenished on a periodic basis or when contents are substantially consumed.

c.

3.

FIRST AID EMERGENCY PLAN a. Emergency plan for injury shall be formulated to ensure speedy removal and transportation of victim to the nearest medical treatment centre / hospital.

4.

FURTHER MEDICAL TREATMENT / HOSPITALIZATION a. The first aider or the senior management staff shall decide whether the injury is such that further medical treatment and / or hospitalization is required. b. If further medical treatment and / or hospitalization is required, the transportation arrangement shall immediately be made available to send the injured to the nearest clinic or hospital without undue delay.

Syarikat Pembinaan LAL Sdn. Bhd.

53

LAL ENGINEERING SDN BHD(577741-P)

SYARIKAT PEMBINAAN LAL SDN BHD (387372-A)

SECTION 5 - HYGIENE AND WELFARE

1.

INTRODUCTION a. SPLALSB values the well being of the staff and as such shall endeavor to provide, where it is reasonably, practicable, the hygiene and welfare facilities for the staff and workers, including the subcontractors engaged.

2.

DRINKING WATER a. b. c. An adequate supply of wholesome drinking water from an approved source shall be provided to the site for the consumption of the workers. Where the supplies of water that is unfit for drinking shall be conspicuously indicated by notice NOT FOR DRINKING. Drinking water if required to be stored, shall be kept in rust proof and non-toxic containers that are covered to prevent contamination. It shall be dispersed through taps or other hygienic method. Untreated water, if required for drinking shall be tested and certified safe by the approved establishment.

d.

3.

TOILET FACILITIES a. Adequate toilet facilities shall be provided for the staff and workers at convenient places including canteen, site office, accommodation and work areas. Toilet facilities shall be operated for each sex where practical and possible. Water flush toilets connected to sewage systems shall be provided wherever and whenever possible. Toilets shall be so constructed as to provide adequate privacy and afford protection against the weather and construction hazards.

b. c. d.

54

LAL ENGINEERING SDN BHD(577741-P)


Syarikat Pembinaan LAL Sdn. Bhd.

SYARIKAT PEMBINAAN LAL SDN BHD (387372-A)

SECTION 5 - HYGIENE AND WELFARE

e. f.

The toilets shall be supplied with adequate water and toilet papers where necessary / possible. Toilet facilities shall be kept in a hygienic and clean condition at all times. They shall be disinfected and deodorized as required.

4.

WASHING FACILITIES a. b. Adequate washing / bathing facilities shall be provided for all staff and workers with sufficient and constant supply of clean water. All waste water from the washing facilities shall be channeled to a public drainage system where possible or properly discharged without causing any contamination to the surrounding environment. Shower facilities shall be provided to economise on water consumption where possible. Washing facilities shall be maintained in a clean and hygienic condition at all times. Adequate clothes drying facilities shall be provided at the washing / accommodation areas.

c. d. e.

5.

CANTEEN / REST AREA a. b. If at least 50 workers are employed on a project, a canteen / rest area will be provided unless another suitable place is available nearby. The canteen / rest area will be provided with sufficient number of benches / tables, stools / chairs and covered receptacles for waste disposal. The canteen / rest are shall be supplied boiled water, hot and cold drinks and nutritive food where practicable.

c.

55

LAL ENGINEERING SDN BHD(577741-P)

SYARIKAT PEMBINAAN LAL SDN BHD (387372-A)

Syarikat Pembinaan LAL Sdn. Bhd.

SECTION 5 - HYGIENE AND WELFARE

d. e. f. g.

The canteen and kitchen must be kept in a clean and tidy manner and free from vermin at all times. The dining tables shall be covered with suitable non-absorbent washable material and kept clean at all times. Periodic housekeeping and vermin eradication must be carried out to ensure hygienic and clean condition. All drinks and food must be prepared in a hygienic method and protected from dust and vermin.

6.

WASTE DISPOSAL a. An efficient waste disposal programmed shall be implemented at a project site to ensure effective housekeeping. This will include a waste collection schedule to dispose off the wastes periodically at approved dumpsites. Appropriate receptacles with lids shall be provided in sufficient numbers at suitable places like site office, work sites, accommodation and canteen. Domestic and food wastes shall be disposed off daily at approved locations or buried at suitable area.

b.

c.

7.

WORKERS ACCOMMODATION a. General (i) Where considerable numbers of workers are employed especially at remote site, suitable living accommodation shall be provided. The approval from relevant local authority shall be obtained prior to the construction of a worker living quarters. 56

(ii)

Syarikat Pembinaan LAL Sdn. Bhd.

LAL ENGINEERING SDN BHD(577741-P)

SYARIKAT PEMBINAAN LAL SDN BHD (387372-A)

SECTION 5 - HYGIENE AND WELFARE

(iii)

The living accommodation shall be well constructed to afford the basic protection from weather, flooding and possible menace from wild animals. Security fencing / hoarding shall be erected for security control and easy demarcation between domestic and work areas. The accommodation area shall be properly drained and away from other obvious dangers like landslide, ravine, falling tree, river, lake and other offensive matters.

(iv) (v)

b.

Sleeping Quarters (i) Sleeping quarters shall be so constructed to afford a sleeping area of 18 sq ft per person and a vertical clearance of 4 feet or 30 sq ft for twin bed. The sleeping quarters shall be well ventilated with window, grilled opening. The sleeping quarters shall be constructed so that it affords sufficient natural light penetration during daytime. Sufficient electrical lighting shall be provided at night. Sleeping quarters shall be disinfected at regular intervals and maintained in a clean and hygienic state at all times. Cooking is not allowed and main meals shall not be eaten at sleeping quarters.

(ii) (iii)

(iv) (v) c.

Cooking and Dining Area (i) (ii) Cooking and dining area shall be separated from sleeping quarters to prevent any fire hazard and infestation of rodents. It shall be protected against weather, dust and other contamination and well ventilated to avoid excessive accumulation of foul smell.

Syarikat Pembinaan LAL Sdn. Bhd.

57

LAL ENGINEERING SDN BHD(577741-P)

SYARIKAT PEMBINAAN LAL SDN BHD (387372-A)

SECTION 5 - HYGIENE AND WELFARE

(iii) (iv)

Kitchen and dining area shall be maintained in a clean and hygienic condition at all times. The cooking and dining area shall be provided with the basic facilities like non-flammable platforms for cooking and tables and benches in the dining area. Cooking and dining area shall be installed with washing facilities for food preparation and cleaning purposes. Sufficient numbers of waste receptacles shall be provided at the kitchen and dining area, which need to be disposed off daily. Sufficient fire extinguishers shall be fitted in the cooking area and dining area.

(v) (vi) (vii)

58