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7% fall within three standard deviations from the mean is called: 2. A sample not representative of the population from which it is selected is: 3. According to Freud, a partial or complete halt at some point in an individual’s psychosexual development defines: 4. According to Freud, the social and parental standards the individual has internalized comprise the: 5. Alicia insists her boyfriend’s accident was a result of his carelessness. What type of attribution is she making? 6. Depression which can be helped by biomedical therapies may utilize Prozac, which restores the chemicals norepinephrine and ___, both of which are abnormally low in depressive patients. 7. Ebbinghaus’ famous “forgetting or retention curve” showed that most memory loss occurs how long after memorizing information? 8. Electroconvulsive therapy is rarely used today, but it can provide short-term relief from a severe cause of what mental disorder? 9. Electronically recording, amplifying, and displaying information regarding subtle physiological responses is called: 10. Fournier’s research on syphilis provided the basis for finding the cause of mental illness according to which theoretical perspective? 11. Hilgard’s term for the divided state of consciousness indicated during hypnosis is: 12. How much can short term memory hold? 13. Hull’s theory of motivation states that behavior is largely due to the body’s effort to satisfy a need. Name this theory 14. If you accept and love another person regardless of his/her behavior, you are giving what Carl Rogers calls: 15. In laboratory experiments, merely observing someone receive painful electric shocks leads viewers to think that the victim deserved it. This reaction is best explained in terms of 16. In which measure of central tendency would the buyer for a shoe store be most interested when seeking to re-stock the store’s shelves? 17. Incentives are seen as motivation most frequently by psychologists working from which of the major psychological perspectives? 18. Memory can be influenced by mood as evidenced by the fact that recall is better if the person is in the same mood as when the information was originally stored. This phenomenon is called 19. Name the category of physical disorders in which stress appears to be causally implicated. 20. Psychologists find that some people are physiologically as well as emotionally more responsive to the sight and smell of food. What term is used to refer to these people? 21. REM sleep is sometimes called ____ sleep because the body is asleep and cannot move but internally is as active as if it was awake. 22. Seligman’s research attributes clinical depression, at least in part, to a stable, global, and internalized explanatory style. Which perspective for explaining depression does Seligman’s work support? 23. The fact that we remember the first and last items on a list of items best and tend to forget the middle is called the 24. The fact that when a number of people observe an emergency, they are less likely to help than when a single person observes the same emergency illustrates the: 25. The macrophage and lymphocytes are major elements of what bodily system?
26. The presence of observers improves a person’s performance on easy tasks. What concept is being described? 27. The tendency for observers to underestimate the impact of the situation and overestimate the impact of personal disposition upon another person’s behavior is called the 28. The three successive phases of the General Adaptation Syndrome are: 29. The tug of the eye muscles closest to the nose that we experience as we look at something very close to our face helps the brain determine the distance of the object. This is a binocular cue called 30. Today’s trend in therapy is to use several different therapies in the treatment of a patient. This “mixed-bag” approach is better known as the 31. What brain area is most closely linked to aggression? 32. What brain area is most closely linked to breathing and heart beat? 33. What do we call the weight toward which one’s body returns throughout life? 34. What illness is associated with the deterioration of the myelin sheath? 35. What is Selye’s (sell-yay) names for an event which threatens or challenges us? 36. What is the type of counterconditioning in which an unpleasant feeling is associated with a behavior that the therapist is trying to eliminate? 37. What kind of distribution has the scores clustered at one end or the other? 38. What kind of sample most fairly represents a population as each member has an equal chance of inclusion? 39. What nervous system is utilized by the hypothalamus to send its messages when a person is under stress? 40. What perspective is supported by the growing evidence that schizophrenia is a disease of the brain? 41. What term describes the belief that very tall men usually marry very short women? 42. What theory best describes motivation as an effort to maintain agreement between one’s thoughts and behavior? 43. What type of reinforcement strengthens a response by removing aversive stimuli? 44. Which dissociative disorder is most frequently associated with a background of severe childhood abuse? 45. Which is the most effective form of encoding to remember something for the longest time? 46. Which stage of sleep appears to be the most physically restorative? 47. Which theory of emotion proposes that emotion and physical arousal occur simultaneously? 48. Which theory of motivation is illustrated by the Yerkes-Dodson law? 49. Who believed that people are motivated by the wish to fulfill different levels of needs? 50. Who was the contemporary behavioral theorist who elaborated on the concept of observational learning?
1. 7 PLUS OR MINUS 2 BITS OF INFORMATION 2. ALARM, RESISTANCE, EXHAUSTION 3. AMYGDALA 4. AROUSAL THEORY 5. AVERSIVE CONDITIONING 6. BANDURA 7. BEHAVIORAL OR LEARNING PERSPECTIVE 8. BIASED 9. BIOFEEDBACK 10. BIOLOGICAL OR MEDICAL 11. BYSTANDER EFFECT 12. CANNON-BARD 13. COGNITIVE DISSONANCE OR COGNITIVE CONSISTENCY 14. COGNITIVE OR SOCIALCOGNITIVE 15. CONVERGENCE 16. DEPRESSION 17. DID (DISSOCIATIVE IDENTITY DISORDER) OR MPD (MULTIPLE PERSONALITY DISORDER 18. DISPOSITIONAL OR PERSONAL 19. DRIVE REDUCTION 20. ECLECTIC APPROACH 21. EXTERNALS 22. FIXATION 23. FUNDAMENTAL ATTRIBUTION ERROR 24. HIDDEN OBSERVER
25. ILLUSORY CORRELATION 26. IMMEDIATELY 27. IMMUNE SYSTEM 28. JUST-WORLD PHENOMENON 29. MASLOW 30. MEDICAL OR BIOLOGICAL OR BIOMEDICAL 31. Medulla 32. MODE 33. MULTIPLE SCLEROSIS 34. NEGATIVE 35. NORMAL DISTRIBUTION 36. PARADOXICAL 37. PSYCHOPHYSIOLOGICAL 38. RANDOM 39. SEMANTIC 40. SERIAL POSITION EFFECT 41. SEROTONIN 42. SET POINT 43. SKEWED DISTRIBUTION 44. SOCIAL FACILITATION 45. STAGE 4 46. STATE DEPENDENT MEMORY 48. SUPEREGO 49. SYMPATHETIC NERVOUS SYSTEM 50. UNCONDITIONAL POSITIVE REGARD
1. A sleep disorder characterized by attacks of sleep during the day often accompanied by muscle atonia is: 2. According to Freud what is the term referring to the unconscious, censored meaning of a dream? 3. An episode of intense dread that lasts for several minutes and is accompanied by chest pains, trembling, dizziness, choking or fainting is: 4. An estimate for a given trait or the percentage of variation within a group that is due to genetic factors. 5. Erikson’s stage of trust vs. mistrust corresponds chronologically with which of Freud’s psychosexual stages? 6. Every emotion triggers an opposing emotion. With repetition of the emotion-arousing event, the opposing emotion strengthens as the initial emotion weakens. Which theory proposes this idea? 7. Fiona hates her psychology teacher and so she thinks her psychology teacher hates her. Which defense mechanism is she demonstrating? 8. Freud used the research technique called ____ for his famous research. 9. How do we get something into memory? 10. If an individual chronological age is 8 and their mental age is 8, what is their IQ? 11. In an experiment studying the effects of room temperature and learning, the room temperature would be considered the _____ variable. 12. In Pavlov’s experiments dogs were conditioned to salivate to a tone. The tone would be considered _____ 13. In what type of cognitive therapy does the therapist try to convince the client that his thought patterns are illogical and irrational? 14. In which of Piaget’s stages of development would you be if you have just acquired a sense of object permanence? 15. Indicate the type of locus of control described in the following statement: “They believe that their successes and failures are due to fate or luck.” 16. Intimacy and commitment are important in the development of what type of love? 17. Life has been hard for Norman. His expectations have led to behaviors that make the future look bleak. His expectations are also called? 18. Mary Ainsworth’s studies identify which two types of attachment? 19. Name the three structures of personality according to Freud. 20. The discomfort we feel when two thoughts are inconsistent is called: 21. The scientific study of mental processes and behavior is called what? 22. What are environmental agents that can pass through the placenta and effect normal prenatal development? 23. What are the cells responsible for color and bright light? 24. What are the rules of grammar that govern the arrangement of words in a sentence? 25. What do you call the entrance to the optic nerve where there are no rods and cones? 26. What do you call the inability to recall events prior to the age of 3.
27. What do you call the reemergence of an extinguished conditioned response after a rest period? 28. What is a relatively permanent change of behavior? 29. What is the assumption that the mind and body are separate but interacting entities? 30. What is the constant changing of behavior to match that of others in your group? For example changing your opinion on the length of a line from the Solomon Asch study. 31. What is the name of the process of focusing your attention on a single object and which must occur before you can process information into memory? 32. What is the procedure in which reinforcements are used to gradually train an animal or person toward a specific behavior? 33. What is the rare condition in which stimulation in one sensory modality triggers sensations in another sensory modality? 34. What is the term used for developmental patterns in biology that occurs relatively independent of environment? 35. What lobe of the brain controls mostly auditory senses? 36. What occurs during Stage 2 sleep and are composed of theta waves breaking up the alpha waves of Stage 2? 37. What part of the brain joins the two hemispheres and is made up of a dense band of nerves? 38. What part of the neuron picks up/receives neurotransmitters? 39. What research method allows you to predict future events? 40. What theory of emotion stems from the physiological arousal that is triggered by an emotion-eliciting stimulus. 41. When a child’s left hemisphere is removed and the rest of the brain reorganizes to take over the functions of the missing hemisphere. What is this phenomenon known as? 42. Where are explicit memories stored in the brain? 43. Which disorder is characterized by extreme mood swings? 44. Which measure of central tendency is the most sensitive to extreme scores? 45. Which personality theorist am I? I believe that the social relationship between children and their parents forms the foundation for anxiety, insecurity and conflicts. 46. Which psychological perspective would suggest systematic desensitization therapy to help a patient overcome a fear of heights? 47. Which theory of emotion proposes that emotion is a result of physiological arousal and thinking processes which occur simultaneously? 48. Which theory of emotion proposes that our brains “read” our body’s current level of physiological arousal in order to interpret what emotion we might be experiencing at a given time? 49. Who started the American Psychological Association? 50. Who wrote the first textbook and taught the first lecture in psychology in the United States.
1. 100 2. ALL OVER THE CORTEX 3. BEHAVIORIST 4. BIPOLAR 5. BLIND SPOT 6. CASE STUDY 7. COGNITIVE DISSONANCE 8. COMPANIONATE 9. CONDITIONED STIMULUS 10. CONES 11. CONFORMITY 12. CORPUS COLLOLSUM 13. CORRELATIONAL STUDY 14. DENDRITES OR RECEPTOR CELLS ON THE SOMA 15. DUALISM 16. ENCODING 17. EXTERNAL 18. G. STANLEY HALL 19. HERITABILITY 20. HORNEY 21. ID, EGO, AND SUPEREGO 22. INDEPENDENT 23. INFANTILE AMNESIA 24. JAMES-LANGE THEORY 25. JAMES-LANGE THEORY
26. LATENT CONTENT 27. LEARNING 28. MATURATION 29. MEAN 30. NARCOLEPSY 31. OPPONENT-PROCESS THEORY 32. ORAL 33. PANIC ATTACK OR ANXIETY ATTACK 34. PLASTICITY 35. PROJECTION 36. PSYCHOLOGY 37. RATIONAL-EMOTIVE THERAPY OR RET OR BECK’S COGNITIVE THEORY 38. SCHACTER TWO FACTOR THEORY 39. SECURE AND INSECURE 40. SELECTIVE ATTENTION 41. SELF-FULFILLING PROPHECY 42. SENSORY-MOTOR 43. SHAPING 44. SLEEP SPINDLES 45. SPONTANEOUS RECOVERY 46. SYNESTHESIA 47. SYNTAX 48. TEMPORAL 49. TERATOGENS
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