Types of leaves






THE LEAF : TYPES According to the petiole:

Sessile. (Unstalked) Petiolated (Stalked) Petiolated leaves are those that have a petiole. This can be different in length from one plant to another. Sessile leaves do not possess a petiole. The blade expands itself directly from the stem.

According to the blade:

Simple leaf

Compound leaf

Simple leaves show an undivided blade or , in case it has divisions, they do not reach the midrib. Compound leaves have a fragmented blade,with divisions reaching the midrib. Sometimes each one of these fragments is similar to a single leaf. They are called leaflets.

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Types of leaves http://www. Wider at the base but with lobes ending sharply. 2 or 3 times longer than wide Lanceolate leaves : spear-shaped. Lobed leaves have divisions that do not arrive the center of half blade. Cordate leaves : heart-shaped . More extended at the base than the ovate type and with a notch Hastate leaves: halberd-shaped. Remembering to that old fashioned weapon which was a combination between a spear and a battle-ax. like in canes. According to the veins: Parallel-veined Pinnate Palmate Parallel-veined leaves : the veins run at the same distance to each other. Several times longer than wide. remembering a plume. called midrib. ending sharply at the apex. linear leaves: strip-shaped. from which the other nerves derive. According to the shape of the blade: elliptic lanceolate acicular ovate cordate Hastate linear Elliptic leaves : remembering to a ellipse. Pinnate leaves : There is a main nerve. 2 of 5 5/23/2013 4:12 PM . Several times longer than wide. Gradually extending at the base and lessening to the apex. Not pointed at the apex like in the acicular type.botanical-online.com/hojastiposangles. Acicular leaves : needle-shaped. Serrate leaves have little bent teeth like those of a saw.htm According to the edge: Entire Sinuate Dentate Serrate Lobed Entire leaves have a smooth margin. Ovate leaves : egg-shaped. Sinuate leaves have little curves with smooth edges like waves. Wider at the base than the apex. Dentate leaves have little teeth at the margin.

Types of leaves http://www. opposite: two per node.htm Palmate leaves: The nerves diverge from the main point such as the fingers do in the palm of the hand.com/hojastiposangles. like a ring around the stem. facing opposite sides of the stem. rosulate forming a rosette. According to the arrangement along the stem: alternate opposite whorled rosulate alternate: springing one per node at different levels of the stem. whorled: Several leaves disposed at the same level around the stem.botanical-online. Do the following activities before the test: Activity 9 Activity 10 Activity 11 Now you can do the test: Observe the following plants and choose the suitable answer in each case: How would you define the leaves of the heather according to the blade? -Simple -Petiolated -Compound How would you define the poppy leaves according to the margin? -Lobed -Dentate Sinuate 3 of 5 5/23/2013 4:12 PM .

htm How would you define the mint leaves according to the nerves? -Palmate -Parallel-veined -Pinnate How would you define the daffodil leaves according their arrangement along the stem? -whorled -Opposite -Rosulate 4 of 5 5/23/2013 4:12 PM .com/hojastiposangles.Types of leaves http://www.botanical-online.

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