MLA Citations

“Five score years ago, a great American, in whose symbolic shadow we stand today, signed the Emancipation Proclamation. This momentous decree came as a great beacon light of hope to millions of Negro slaves who had been seared in the flames of withering injustice. It came as a joyous daybreak to end the long night of their captivity.

But one hundred years later, the Negro still is not free. One hundred years later, the life of the Negro is still sadly crippled by the manacles of segregation and the chains of discrimination. One hundred years later, the Negro lives on a lonely island of poverty in the midst of a vast ocean of material prosperity. One hundred years later, the Negro is still languished in the corners of American society and finds himself an exile in his own land. And so we've come here today to dramatize a shameful condition.” -Martin Luther King, Jr. “I Have a Dream” Speech Delivered August 28, 1963 at the Lincoln Memorial in Washington D.C

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“There is little question that it is bad for one’s health to be poor. Americans at the 95th income percentile or higher can expect to live nine years longer than those at the 10th percentile or lower. The poor are more likely to develop illnesses such as diabetes, hypertension, heart disease, and cancer, and there is evidence that relative deprivation and the stress it engenders are involved. When high inequality and rising top incomes

shift society’s accepted standards of living upward, it seems that people experience deprivation even when they have adequate food, clothing, and shelter. The official U.S. poverty rate—12.3 percent in 2006—is relatively low, but scholars agree that number is essentially meaningless.” -Elizabeth Gudrais, “Unequal America” from Harvard Magazine, August 2008

Paraphrase and use an in-text citation:

Body Image Facts taken from
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There are 3 billion women who don’t look like super-models and only 8 who do. Marilyn Monroe wore a size 14. Models 20 years ago weighed 8% less than the average woman. Today they weigh 23% less than the average woman. 7% of 12th grade males have used steroids in order to become more muscular. If Barbie was a real woman, she’d have to walk on all fours due to her proportions. Male action figures (GI Joe, etc.) have greatly increased in muscular size since 1973; If GI Joe were human, he would have larger biceps than any bodybuilder in history.

Incorporate one fact into a sentence with citation:

“The handful of scientists who work in this under-funded and politically charged field will tell you: That answer is a long way off. But as Lesley Stahl reports, their efforts are already yielding tantalizing clues. One focus of their research is twins. The bedrooms of 9-year-old twins Adam and Jared couldn't be more different. Jared's room is decked out with camouflage, airplanes, and military toys, while Adam's room sports a pastel canopy, stuffed animals, and white horses.

When Stahl came for a visit, Jared was eager to show her his G.I. Joe collection. ‘I have ones that say like Marine and SWAT. And then that's where I keep all the guns for 'em,’ he explained. Adam was also proud to show off his toys. ‘This is one of my dolls. Bratz baby,’ he said. Adam wears pinkish-purple nail polish, adorned with stars and diamonds.” -60 Minutes’ “The Science of Sexual Orientation” March 12, 2006 Introduce a theory with citation:

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