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) Brotherly Love, a city of Lydia in Asia Minor, about 25 miles south-east of Sardis. It was the seat of one of the “seven churches” (Rev 3:7-12). It came into the possession of the Turks in A.D. 1392. It has several times been nearly destroyed by earthquakes. It is still a town of considerable size, called Allahshehr, “the city of God.” These things saith he that is holy, he that is true, he that hath the key of David, he that openeth, and no man shutteth; and shutteth, and no man openeth; holy G hagios hag'-ee-os ro hagos (an awful thing) compare G53, [H2282]; sacred (physically pure, morally blameless or religious, ceremonially consecrated): - (most) holy (one, thing), saint. “he that is holy” or “ the holy one” (ESV) Search e-Sword as a phrase to see how this is used mainly by Isaiah to call Jehovah. Jesus Christ is the Holy One and the only One who is holy. In the OT, this phrase is often used as the Holy One of Israel or the Holy One of God. In the NT, Mark (1:24) and Luke (4:34) recorded that even the demon recognized that Jesus Christ was the Holy One of God. When Christ said ”I and y ather are one,” (John 1 :3 ), the Jews picked up stones to throw at Him because to claim as one with the Father is as good as claiming that Jesus Christ is God. he that is true Truth is an attribute of the Trinity. God cannot lie (Num. 23:19, Rom. 3:4, Heb. 6:18, Tit. 1:2). Jesus tells the Laodiceans that His witness is faithful and true (Rev. 3:14)—what He says is undeniable in its accuracy. This is why it is He who will judge and avenge the blood of the martyrs (Rev. 6:10, 19:11) according to His holiness because He Himself is true to His Word. key of David Search in E-sword using all the words, you find another reference in Isa 22:20-23. Isa 22:20 And it shall come to pass in that day, that I will call my servant Eliakim the son of Hilkiah: Isa 22:21 And I will clothe him with thy robe, and strengthen him with thy girdle, and I will commit thy government into his hand: and he shall be a father to the inhabitants of Jerusalem, and to the house of Judah. Isa 22:22 And the ke y of the house of David will I lay upon his shoulder; so he shall open, and none shall shut; and he shall shut, and none shall open. Isa 22:23 And I will fasten him as a nail in a sure place; and he shall be for a glorious throne to his father's house. The key of David was laid upon the shoulder of Eliakim, The key being laid on his shoulder speaks of committing responsibility into his hand and alludes to Isaiah’s prophecy of the ultimate Davidic ruler in Isa 9:6-7. Isa 9:6 For unto us a child is born, unto us a son is given: and the government shall be upon his shoulder: and his name shall be called Wonderful, Counsellor, The mighty God, The everlasting Father, The Prince of Peace.
” a hyperbolic attack on the orals of Christianity. Some interpreters see these keys as being identical with the keys of the kingdom of heaven (Matt. abundance. Instead. strength G1411 dunamis doo'-nam-is From G1410. 3:6). After his death fro ental illness at the age of 56 years old. and no man shutteth. Opening the door of heaven also can mean the outpouring of spiritual blessings from heaven and not the material blessings which the proponents of the prosperity gospel preach. when it is open. upon the throne of David. this refers to Christ keeping open or close the door of heaven. for you neither go in yourselves. his home eventually housed the French Bible Society where the Bibles continue to reach out to millions in Europe. power. hast kept my word The small church was faithful in keeping the Word of God meaning that the church members were faithful in living lives in submission to the Word of God and obeying His commandments. Following from the last phrase. (worker of) miracle (-s). specifically miraculous power (usually by implication a miracle itself): . the ke y of David indicates the governmental authority of David. and hast kept my word. authority to enter the kingdom of heaven was entrusted to a simple fisherman (Matt. he that openeth. and no man openeth. including “Anti christ. 23:13). meaning. strength. and hast not denied my name. From dunamis we have the English word dynamite. He is sovereign and He alone decides who is to enter. -y deed). and no man can shut it: When Christ opens the door of evangelism for the Church to spread the Word. -y. Switzerland was the author of “God is Dead” and other works. no man can close that door. and shutteth. or the kingdom of God is kept opened by Christ to allow the church in Philadelphia to evangelise to the citizens of the city. scribes and Pharisees. Peter was also given the keys to the kingdom and was personally present when each of the believers first received the Holy Spirit (Acts 1:8). mighty (wonderful) work. for thou hast a little strength. little strength refers to the limited number of church members with limited influence or power. 16:19). Reading the following verse will lead us to understand that the open door refers to evangelism. 2 . and to establish it with judgment and with justice from henceforth even for ever. Professor of Philosophy at 24 years old from the University of Basel.Isa 9:7 Of the increase of his government and peace there shall be no end. nor do you allow those who are entering to go in” (Matt. to order it. hypocrites! For you shut up the kingdom of heaven against men. Heb. The zeal of the LORD of hosts will perform this. Therefore. Friedrich Nietzsche. force (literally or figuratively). 16:19. Jesus chastised the scribes and Pharisees.ability. might (-ily. He alone also decides when to close when no one can enter anymore (Matt 25:10). violence. Rev 3:8 an open door The door of heaven. “But woe to you. and upon his kingdom.
and keepeth them.John 14:21 He that hath my commandments. and their queens thy nursing mothers: they shall bow to thee with their face towards the earth. that hour which is about to come upon the whole world.” Rev 3:9 Behold. Isa 49:22 Thus saith the Lord GOD. and lick up the dust of thy feet. I will keep you from the hour of trial that is coming on the whole world. behold. This verse means that the Church in Philadelphia will convert the Jews from the synagogue of Satan and these previously persecuting Jews will worship Jesus Christ. I also will keep thee from the hour of temptation One of the ways of trying to understand the unusual grammar is to read other translations to see how scholars work at the difficulties. and by a foolish nation I will anger you. but do lie. I will keep you from the hour of trial that is coming on the whole world. Rom 10:20 But Esaias is very bold. I will make them of the synagogue of Satan. and saith. The unique role of favor enjoyed by the Church is intended to provoke the unbelieving Jewish nation to jealousy. I will make them to come and worship before thy feet. I will provoke you to jealousy by them that are no people. NASB: Because you have kept the word of My perseverance. NIV: Since you have kept my command to endure patiently. Behold. I was made manifest unto them that asked not after me. Did not Israel know? First Moses saith. both Gentile and Jew. I will lift up my hand to the Gentiles. and will manifest myself to him. and thy daughters shall be carried upon their shoulders. and thou shalt know that I am the LORD: for they shall not be ashamed that wait for me. The formerly non-believing Jews from the synagogue of Satan would worship before their believing Jewish countrymen as well as the believing Gentiles. and make our abode with him. they themselves will be forced to render to the followers of Jesus. John 14:23 Jesus answered and said unto him. All day long I have stretched forth my hands unto a disobedient and gainsaying people. and to know that I have loved thee. Rom 10:19 But I say. Loving God is not just singing repeatedly “I Love You Lord. and I will love him. What the Jews expected from the pagans. In the NT. gentiles will come and down to Israel in recognition that God is with them. over the national Jew who rejects Messiah Jesus. I also will keep you from the hour of testing. This phrase can be understood as the converted Jews will worship Jesus Christ before the eyes of the Philadelphian Christians. I will also keep you from the hour of trial that is going to come upon the whole world 3 . he it is that loveth me: and he that loveth me shall be loved of my Father. Because thou hast kept the word of my patience. ESV: Because you have kept my word about patient endurance. In the OT. and we will come unto him. ESV: Because you have kept my word about patient endurance. Isa 49:23 And kings shall be thy nursing fathers. he will keep my words: and my Father will love him. If a man love me. which say they are Jews. you can see that loving God has to do with keeping His co and ents and His Word. Rom 10:21 But to Israel he saith. I was found of them that sought me not. Before the feet of the believers does not mean that the converted Jews are going to worship Christians. God elevates the faithful. From these verses. and are not. and set up my standard to the people: and they shall bring thy sons in their arms.
12:11. a chaplet (as a badge of royalty. 6:16-17) and Satan (Rev. that no man take thy crown. unlike that of the Smyrnians who received a crown of life. literally or figuratively: . the majority will stand confirmed in their rejection of God (Rev. Rev 13:8 And all that dwell upon the earth shall worship him. will worship both Satan and the Antichrist (Rev. These are those who love to stay with the earth. But. In Greek. Rev 3:11 Behold. Scripture also records numerous saints who will come to faith during this horrific period and will walk through the events of their day—often ending in the ultimate witness — death (Rev. Luke also tells us that “ or as a snare shall it co e on all the that dwell on the face of the whole earth” (Luke 21:35). which shall come upon all the world. 14:6). but from the hour of temptation. This verse does not say that the Church will be merely kept safe during the temptation. but it will be kept from the very hour of temptation. to try them that dwell upon the earth. There was no mention of the type of crown here. and people will hear the gospel during this time of testing. Thus one can clearly see that John divided the population of the world into faithful believers and “the ” or “they” that dwell upon the earth. but more conspicuous and elaborate than the simple fillet.Looking at the above translations. 17:8). a prize in the public games or a symbol of honor generally. Rev 3:10 Because thou hast kept the word of my patience. I come quickly: hold that fast which thou hast. the simple answer to the question at hand is found by reading the promise more carefully. whose names are not written in the book of life of the Lamb slain from the foundation of the world. The church will not even experience the temptation for it will be kept from the hour when the temptation is visited upon the earth. there are two views of whether Christians will be spared “fro ” the trial (pretribulation) or preserved “through” the trial ( id-tribulation or post-tribulation). for the promise is not to be kept from the temptation. and make merry. tongue. The NASB gives us another perspective which is for believers to follow the example of perseverance in Christ. the word “ ” (ek) can be translated as “fro ” or “through” (in English).” you will find 3 references: Rev 3:10. them that dwell upon the earth Search the phrase “that dwell upon the earth. 12:12)! They will be subjected to incredible deception (2Th. Rev 11:10 And they that dwell upon the earth shall rejoice over them. 13:7. The ti e of testing will co e unexpectedly upon “those who dwell on the face of the whole earth” (Luke 21:35). that is. ro an apparently pri ary “stepho” (to twine or wreathe). 20:4). 13:12-14. I also will keep thee from the hour of temptation. because these two prophets tormented them that dwelt on the earth.crown. Therefore. 2:11. from the very time of it.G4735 stephanos stef'-an-os. They will suffer through a time of testing like none before and they will endure both the wrath of God (Rev. 7:9-16. you will come to the general conclusion that when you have kept God’s Word to endure patiently or persevere in keeping His co ands. 4 . God will keep you from the time of trial. G1238). 13:4. This requires a removal of the Church before the Tribulation ever occurs. 6:10. 11:10 and 13:8. 11:10). 8) and willingly participate in the slaughter of those who remain faithful to God (Rev. Rev. and shall send gifts one to another. crown . tribe. Even though every nation.
symbolizing that the Temple stands upon the support of the overcomers. let him hear what the Spirit saith unto the churches. and shutteth. which is new Jerusalem. and no man shutteth. 3. There are five types of crowns for believers: 1) Incorruptible Crown (1 Cor 9:25). 9:25). What do I see in this passage about Christ? 2. Crown of Life (James 1:12. The overcomer will be one of the pillars in that temple. What did Christ see in the Philadelphia Church? 3.Holy He that is true . which cometh down out of heaven from my God: and I will write upon him my new name. Rev 2:10). The pillar in the temple of my God alludes to the Temple which Solomon built for God. and he shall go no more out: and I will write upon him the name of my God. 7. he frequently drew from the imagery of Greek athletic competition. 3. and no man can shut it – His will be done – Salvation belongs to Him His patience Christ commends the Philadelphian Church for: 1.True He that hath the key of David – Sovereign He that openeth. and no man openeth .The crowns associated with the reward of the believer are always stephanos . He that is holy . endurance 5 . when the New Jerusalem with a new name will descend from heaven. APPLICATION In the Application.obedience hast not denied my name . Paul associates this crown with the reward of victory in competition (1Cor. What does it mean for me as a Christian? What do I see in this passage about Christ? 1. We will not repeat what we have explained before on this verse. 6. God will write upon the overcomers the name of God and the name of the city of God. Crown of Glory (1 Pet 5:4) and 5) Unnamed Crown (Rev 3:11). These mean that the overcomers belong to God and the overcomers will be citizens in the city of God during the Millennium.Omniscient He set before thee an open door. Rev 3:13 He that hath an ear. Rev 3:12 Him that overcometh will I make a pillar in the temple of my God. 2. but these games were offensive to Palestinian Jews like John and hence unlikely to provide a backdrop for the use of stephanos in Revelation.Omnipotent He knows thy works . 2) Crown of Righteousness (1 Tim 4:8). hast a little strength – few in number but powerful hast kept my word . and the name of the city of my God. Therefore. 2.loyal hast kept the word of my patience – perseverance. we will attempt to answer 3 questions: 1. He shall go out no more refers to the close and binding fellowship the overcomers have with God in the future. 4. 4. The same allusion was given to believers being part of the body of Christ or the Temple of God in the NT teaching by Paul. 5. stephanos may denote rule or royalty when used by John. Given Paul’s Roman background.
3. The overcomer shall go no more out I will write upon him the name of my God. I have set before thee an open door -Spiritual blessings & Evangelistic successes No man can shut it – service opportunities I will make them to come and worship before thy feet.Evangelical successes even to the Jews I also will keep thee from the hour of temptation . and to know that I have loved thee .How is Zion. 7. 2. 4.Protection from trial will I make a pillar in the temple of my God. 5. using the above criteria of assessment? What are the rewards for the Philadelphian Church? 1. 6. and the name of the city of my God BY ELDER LEE ST 6 .
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