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Ryan S. Arances, MSTCM La Salle University E-mail Address: firstname.lastname@example.org
In today’s world of high-end gadgets and technology, the learning process has been enhanced in many ways. One of those is the use of educational radio programs bringing distant learning to the students. It is in this very reason that La Salle University – Ozamiz City opened its educational radio station in 2006 for the purpose of teaching and entertaining students. This is why this study attempted to assess the educational radio programs of La Salle University – Ozamiz City as an input for program enhancement. The respondents of this study are the selected college students of La Salle University- Ozamiz City. It involved 333 college students enrolled in the 2nd semester of SY 2010-2011 from La Salle UniversityOzamiz City. It is found out in this study that respondents who listened to the radio programs frequently tend to show higher perception level of the usefulness of the radio programs in terms academic, social and leisure benefits. This is because those respondents who listened to the radio programs realized that programs aired were able to meet their academic, social and leisure needs. It is recommended that programs must be enhanced to answer the needs of the students from the different fields of specialization with the help of their teachers and that teachers from La Salle University and other schools must contribute in the production of programs to make LSUFM the venue of learning not only students from La Salle University – Ozamiz City but also from other schools.
FM broadcasting is a broadcast technology that uses frequency modulation (FM) to provide high-fidelity sound over broadcast radio. Throughout the world, the normal broadcast band for FM ranges from 87.5 to 108.0 MHz . Because of its compatibility to transmit high quality sounds, it has been utilized since the late 1960s as a medium to deliver alternative rock music to a wide range of listeners while those of amplitude modulation (AM) broadcast focuses on news delivery, weather updates, religious affairs and other ethnicityrelated concerns, among others. Although less sophisticated than FM broadcast, AM radio was first heard in the Philippines during the American colonial period . The success of FM stations to attract a significantly long tune-in time from the Filipino youth paved the way for some FM stations to take this as an opportunity to modify and add new theme to the typical FM programming. For instance, DWFM or Radyo5 station of TV5 became 92.3 News FM, the first news/talk station on the FM band in the Philippines which was launched last October 2010 . Their new modified FM radio format starts with Andar ng mga Balita, a presentation of brief news captions before a series of music is played for the
Statement of the Problem This study assessed the effectiveness of the programs of La Salle University FM radio station to the students of La Salle University – Ozamiz City. La Salle University – Ozamiz City established an educational radio station in 2006 for the very same purpose of informing. What is the LSUFM listening pattern of the respondents? 3. Radio is still a very dominant medium with wide access in entertaining. Radio.2 Age 1.4 College/School 2.1 Academic Benefits 3.3 Leisure Benefits 4. we can never neglect the capacity of radio stations in educating a community.3 news programs 4.  claimed that learning from this medium is quite different from reading a book. some FM stations experimented such formatting and people’s level of acceptance is quite positive. What is the demographic profile of the respondents in terms of: 1. entertaining and educating her students on issues concerning the people in the school.1 Sex 1. and also to present to the public interesting topics present in their fields. The challenge to check the satisfaction of students towards meat of the programs aired over the radio station is now the main purpose of this study and further use the data gathered to develop an effective and efficient policy which will guide producers of program in order to develop programs for the benefit of the students.2 Social Benefits 3. At the same time it is also one of the communication media utilized within the campus for information dissemination to the different offices as well as to all the students. It aimed to examine the relevance of the programs to the students and to verify if these programs address their needs. The programs are specifically designed for the students to be informed of the different academic programs that the school offers.4 entertainment programs . Educational radio stations are now used in different schools all over the world especially for their distance learning education programs since it is easy for working people to just tune in their radios and listen to discussions over the air. is considered as the most dominant medium present on most of the households compared to other media forms especially in the Philippines . considering that it doesn’t eat much of the airtime. What is the perceived level of usefulness of the radio programs to the respondents in terms of: 3. being part of the broadcast media. Specifically. informing and educating people in the community. To date. and teaching listeners of all ages.time slot. This medium is playing a significant role in reaching.1 educational programs 4. What is the respondents’ degree of preference of radio programs which are categorized into: 4. informing. to give them the idea of the academic program that they are enrolled in. the following sub-inquiries served as the basis in this investigation: 1. This radio station is the communication majors’ training ground for broadcasting and other related fields.3 Year Level 1.2 spiritual programs 4.
The demographic profile is composed of the name of the respondents. Uses and Gratification Theory.5. . Hence the uses and gratifications approach is concerned to identify how people use the media to gratify their needs.961 students enrolled this semester. This theory discusses the reasons why people do interact with media outputs and how they were satisfied with the media outputs presented. Is there a significant relationship between the program preference and perceived level of usefulness of radio programs and frequency of listening to radio programs and perceived level of usefulness of radio programs? 6. Methodology Research Design The descriptive survey method of research is utilized in this paper relying mainly on the questionnaire-checklist patterned after  as well as of Aleman . This was done by clustering the students as to what college or school they belonged and arranging hem alphabetically by year level. The musical and program preferences is composed of timeslot respondents do commonly listen to radio broadcasting. their choice of music genre. age. the demographic profile. Also. What are possible improvements in LSU-FM programs as recommended by the respondents? Theoretical Considerations The theory adopted in this study is Uses and Gratification Theory of Blumler J. E. This probability sampling procedure was done to give the students equal chances to be included in the sample.  the choices which people make are motivated by the desire to satisfy (or 'gratify') a range of needs. it is composed of the different possible academic and social effects brought by the different programs of the radio station. musical and program preferences and effectiveness of LSUfm as educational radio station. respondents were randomly chosen from their respective colleges. Survey Instruments This study utilizes the descriptive survey method through the intensive use of questionnaire-checklist as the main tool in gathering necessary data. groups. This theory explains and understands media consumption of individuals.G. and their preference on the different radio programs in LSUfm.Ozamiz City. it contains the different possible improvement that can be done to the radio station’s programming for it to be effective as educational radio station. (1974). college/school they belong. Sampling Procedure The respondents of this study were the college students currently enrolled in the 2nd semester 2010-2011 of seven (7) colleges and one (1) school of La Salle University . & Katz. The instrument is characterized into three main parts. year level and their frequency of exposure to radio broadcasting. Under the effectiveness of LSUfm as educational radio station. and society. From the 2. There were 333 respondents from the total population of the students with 5% margin of error. The number of respondents was determined using the Slovin’s formula.
Data Gathering Procedure The principal data gathering technique in this study is the questionnaire-checklist patterned after  as well as of .5 Business and Economics 70 21.3 Nursing 27 8.7 No response 1 .8 Management Year level First year 95 28.0 Third year 82 24.7 years. 54.2 age.7 years Standard deviation = 1. The percentage represents the total number of students in every college.7 years In the sample. .0 Arts and Sciences 25 7.1 sex.5%).1 Education 47 14. Results 1. the questionnaire-checklists were distributed to the different colleges and school secretaries. The Composition of Obtained Sample in terms of Demographic Characteristics ( n=333) Characteristics Category Frequency Percent Sex Male 150 45.3 College/School Accountancy 40 12. there is a possibility that songs and programs preferred will be affected.3 year level. Upon the granting of the permission.1 Engineering and Architecture 31 9.8 Age Mean = 18.1 Tourism and Hospitality 66 19. 1. Freshmen were taken as the majority since they have the most number of populations among the year levels.4 college/school? Table 1. A total of 333 questionnaire-checklists were distributed evenly to the different colleges and school. The presentation of the demographic profile is anchored to the questionnaire of  while the music preferences as well as the effectiveness of LSUfm as educational radio station is modified from the survey questionnaire anchored from  A letter of permission to conduct the study involving the students of La Salle University – Ozamiz City is solicited by the researcher from the University President through the Vice-Chancellor for Academics. What is the demographic profile of the respondents in terms of: 1.5 Second year 90 27. and 1. The average age of the respondents was 18.5%). With the presence of the freshmen as the majority respondents. Frequency data show that the largest percentage of respondents came from College of Business and Economics (21%) and the lowest percentage of these respondents belonged to College of Arts and Sciences (7.0 Female 182 54.0 Computer Studies 27 8.7% of the respondents were female and 45% were male.7 years with a standard deviation of 1. 1.1 Fifth year 6 1. Majority of the respondents were freshmen (28.6 Fourth year 57 17.
9 13. 24.3% listened from Monday to Friday.7 22.3 27.9 2.7 Sometim es F % 78 25. to 1:00 P. Distribution of Respondents by LSU FM Timeslot Preference and Frequency of Listening Always Timeslot Morning Commute (6:01-8:00 AM) Mid-Morning (8:01-11:00 AM) Noontime (11:01 AM-1:00 PM) Syesta (1:01-3:00 PM) Mid-Afternoon (3:01-5:00 PM) Afternoon Commute (5:01-8:00 PM) Evening Love Jive (8:01-10:00 PM) Late Night / Overnight (10:01PM-6:00 AM) F 75 31 48 47 48 39 86 73 % 24.9% listened during weekends.2.).0 29. Noontime slot from 11:00 AM to 1:00 PM is also preferred since this is the time wherein students will take their lunch while listening to the radio station.9 F 49 39 36 33 30 38 26 41 Never Mode % 16.8 17.2 15.7 8. noontime timeslot (11:01 A.2 27.7 10.3 24. It has been part of the lifestyle to be entertained by mass media while eating and resting that is why Syesta from . “Syesta” (1:01 to 3:00 P. and 2.9 12.8 Rarely f 53 57 53 61 58 53 40 65 % 17.8 11.M.7 86 83 72 93 89 71 77 28. Aside from that.5 Most of the Time f % 49 16.7% listened to radio programs everyday in a week.9 28.6 15.0 23. 24. the radio station’s coverage may not be available in their homes since it is only 20 watts with a coverage of 3 km.8 9.1 While 33.9 33.1 18.7 10.9% of the respondents who listened to LSU FM programs rarely form the maximum listening group as shown in Table 2.4 15.3 30.0 23.0 19.7 12.1 12.2 17.). These timeslots are also considered as primetime slots since during these schedules students are fond of listening to radio.M.M.M.3 24.) and “Evening Love Jive” (8:01 to 10:00 P.6 30.M. The Mid-morning timeslot from 8:00AM – 11:00 AM is one of those preferred timeslots where students do listen since after the early morning rush going to school this will then be their time to relax and since 9:00 AM to 10:00 AM every MWF is considered as consultation time wherein students have no class and some may just listen to the radio waiting for the class.1% never listened to LSU FM.8 29.2 24.2 Sometimes Most of the time Most of the time Most of the time Sometimes Sometimes Most of the time Sometimes It is found out in Table 3 that respondents listened most of the time during mid-morning timeslot (8:01 to 11:00 A.0 27.7 24. Table 3. 14. Table 2.3 20.1 91 87 92 73 81 95 55 29. What is the LSU FM listening pattern of the respondents? Tables 2 to 4 reveal the listening pattern of the respondents.). radius.6 20. Distribution of Respondents by Frequency of Listening to LSU FM Category Everyday Monday to Friday Weekends Rarely Never Frequency 49 81 83 113 7 Percent 14. It may be concluded that only few do listen daily since students are only in the school during school days and that if they are outside the campus they have many resorts of entertainment such as television and computer.9 17.2 13.
disco music.2 10. disco.5 20.7 45. Respondents’ Degree of Preference of Music Genre Type of Music RnB Disco Hiphop Mellow Classical OPM Bands Oldies/Standard Very preferred F % 174 54.5 39.00 – 1.60 – 5.6 15.7 59 58 35 67 39 56 97 18.59 2. Respondents’ Perceived Level of Usefulness in terms of Academic Benefits of the LSU FM Programs Range 4. When asked to rate the type of music from “most preferred” to “not preferred”. mellow and OPM were the topmost choices and the oldies or standards are considered as least preferred.2 social benefits.0 Mode Most preferred Most preferred Moderately preferred Most preferred Moderately preferred Most preferred Moderately preferred Least preferred Table 2 above shows that RnB.90 – 2.5 33.79 1.0 2.7 18.4 Not preferred F % 7 2. mellow and OPM were the topmost choices of music genre by the respondents.3 42. 3. RNB. It has been perceived that today’s teenagers who are considered as Generation Y would prefer upbeat music like RnB and disco music especially if they would like to have fun and mellow music if they want to be entertained. Such evaluation varies from “very useful” to “not useful”.8 29.1 25.5 Least preferred F % 31 9. Table 5.7 54. disco. mellow songs and OPM are the most preferred music genre since the respondents are students. What is the perceived level of usefulness of the radio programs to the respondents in terms of the following: 3. 3.4 37.1 academic benefits.80 – 3.8 38.7 1.3 leisure benefits? The respondents’ assessment on the usefulness of the LSU FM programs in terms of their academic.0 115 126 112 146 127 137 94 36. The least preferred type of music was oldies or standard.2 5.0 2.1 17.1:00PM to 3:00PM and Evening Love Jive from 8:00PM to 10:00PM are the other timeslots being preferred by the students since these timeslots are the schedules where student do rest. the following data as tabulated in Table 4 were obtained.6 51.7 1. Table 4.8 1. and 3.89 Description Very useful Useful Moderately useful Slightly useful Not useful Frequency 39 180 100 9 4 Percent 11.2 .7 28. social and leisure benefits was shown in Tables 9 to 13. This explanation will then prove why the respondents of these study prefer RnB.2 124 120 172 92 148 122 80 39.2 17 15 4 16 9 5 48 5.5 39.70 – 4.9 12.5 30.6 45.00 3.4 4.1 Moderately preferred F % 109 34.69 1.1 30.
Help students to become more aware of the different styles of studying. Indicators for Academic Benefits of LSU FM Programs Indicators Improve study habits of students.88 .01 Description Useful Moderately useful Useful Useful Useful Useful Useful Useful Useful Useful SD .87 3.70 – 4. Increase participation rate of students in the classroom Foster efficacy and efficiency among students.59 2. the programs will also help students appreciate education and make good out from it. help students to become more aware of the different styles of studying (4. they will not be able to enhance and practice their communication skill thus it will not teach them to increase their participation rate.84 4.69 Description Very useful Useful Moderately useful Frequency 44 220 59 Percent 13. It has been perceived that since students only do listen to the radio. Since the programs are designed for the listeners to upgrade academically.Mean Description Standard Deviation : .01).01 3.88 .01) and improve study habits of students (4. Respondents’ Perceived Level of Usefulness in terms of Social Benefits of the LSU FM Programs Range 4.82 . The academic programs of the radio station are designed to help students learn more through the tips given in order for them to make their college life easy.01).4 69. Make students appreciate the importance of education. It can also be noticed that increase participation rate of students in the classroom is considered as “moderately useful”.1 18. The typical reasons were that the programs make students appreciate the importance of education (4.01 4.84 3. The academic programs like LibTalk wherein respondents will get to learn some information from the book made the students find the programs useful in their academic benefits since they were able to enhance their knowledge academically from the information given to them.79 The listeners indicated their reasons in Table 6 for rating the programs “useful”.68 3.89 : Useful Table 5 shows the assessment of the respondents on the level of usefulness of the radio programs aired by LSU FM in terms of their academic benefits.88 . Boost students’ curiosity. the respondents rated the programs “useful” in their academic life in the university.65 : 3.83 . Table 7. it has been observed that programs must contain instructional and educational materials for the listeners to learn something from listening to the radio programs of LSUFM.88 .84 3. Generally. Mean 4.82 . Aside from that.87 .60 – 5.85 3.00 3.80 – 3. Improve the reasoning skills of the students.83 . Table 6.89 3. This is true under the Uses and Gratification Theory that students do use the educational radio programs of LSU FM to gratify their academic needs. Help students in their academic lives. Help students to be academically motivated. Motivate students toward academic improvement through getting higher grades.0 .
81 . It is also an advantage for the freshmen since it will help them to adjust in their college lives. The Campus Watch is the venue for the communication students to gather and write news in which they will use to report in this program. her views wherein perspective from both sexes about certain idea will help the respondents get an idea how should they deal with their personal lives as well as their college lives. Generally. It may be considered that since the news reported in the program are mostly local news.3 Table 7 shows the assessment of the respondents on the level of usefulness of the radio programs aired by LSU FM in terms of their social benefits. Whatever.2 .93 4. the respondents rated the programs “useful” due to their social benefits.55 Slightly useful Not useful : 4.90 – 2.98 4.80 . The programs of LSU FM are designed to fit the social needs of the respondents especially the students.70 . The “Campus Watch” program benefits students since it thoroughly inform students of what is happening inside and outside the school (4.95 4.80 Data indicated in Table 8 that the topmost reasons for tuning in radio programs were Campus Watch. Her views. students find it useful to listen for them to be aware of the things around them. his views helps the students learn the different perspective of both sexes.75 .11). Chowtime educates the students’ capability in preparing their meals.01 : Useful 4 1 1.79 1.77 .11 3. Greenhand. Mean 4. It has been designed for the students to learn something they can use in their daily lives. Table 8. Evening love jive program is beneficial to LSU students to learn the lessons about relationships. Animo Mornings helps the students develop spiritually. Indicators for Social Benefits of LSU FM Programs Indicators Greenhand program benefits students’ of LSU through being aware of experiences of their costudents.75 . The “Greenhand” program benefits students’ of LSU through being aware of experiences of their co-students (4. Exploring Philippines is beneficial to the students in knowing the different wonders of our country. her views and Exploring Philippines. This program is handled by the guidance counselors of La Salle .80 .74 .13 3.09 3. thus. LibTalk exposes the students on the importance of books.09 Description Useful Useful Useful Useful Useful Useful Useful Useful Useful SD .10 4. Campus-watch given by the Masscomm students thoroughly inform students of what is happening inside and outside the school. His views. information dished out from this program are mostly events in the campus and some from local.13).1. national and international events. The programs like Evening love jive wherein love stories from the listeners will be aired over the radio station and His views.02 4.00 – 1. whatever is essential to students in learning the latest gadgets.89 Mean Description Standard Deviation : .
87 4.00 : Useful Frequency 47 209 67 5 1 Percent 14. Music preferences fit to their timeslots. His Views” helps the students learn the different perspective of both sexes (4.09).69 1. It maybe deemed to be useful to the social benefits of the respondents because they will be learning out from the experiences of their fellow students as well as from advises given by the counselors. they are interested to listen to it in order for them to give and share their ideas on how they perceive thing on a particular issue. thus.4 1. Generally. It has been considered that respondents find this useful in their social benefits since through the perceptions given by both sexes. Tips from the radio programs are essential and useful.90 – 2. thus. Values given by the programs are motivating Mean 4.09 Description Useful Useful Useful Useful Useful Useful Useful Useful Useful Useful SD . Since the radio station is also for entertainment.90 .74 . Indicators for Leisure Benefits of LSU FM Programs Indicator Programs are entertaining and relaxing to listen.55 Description Very useful Useful Moderately useful Slightly useful Not useful : 4.80 – 3. Views of both sexes are interesting since perceptions of both ends are explained and shared.59 2. DJs’ voices are very attractive to hear.07 3.70 – 4.78 .03 4.University – Ozamiz City.75 .81 . Table 10.89 Mean Description Standard Deviation : .76 .60 – 5.3 Table 9 shows the assessment of the respondents on the level of usefulness of the radio programs aired by LSU FM in terms of their leisure benefits.91 4. Programs are challenging and informative. Exploring Philippines is a program that presents the different wonders and tourist destinations in the country. they will be given the chance to evaluate which of the perceptions is suitable to them.3 63. And lastly the “Exploring Philippines” benefits the students in knowing the different wonders of our country (4.5 20.00 – 1. Knowing the latest gossips about the artists is interesting to share with.84 3.79 1. “Her Views.34 4.78 . stories they aired over the radio are based on the experiences of the typical students they encountered in their job as counselors.5 . it is necessary to include leisure benefits in the focus of radio programming. Students find it interesting in arguing on the different perspective of sexes on a particular issue. It must also be taken into consideration that leisure must fit to the needs as well as the age level of the listeners for them to be able to be entertained with the programs.74 . the respondents rated the programs “useful” due to their leisure benefits. Students find it interesting especially learning where can be the best place to visit during vacation.78 .69 . Songs are classified to their genres.93 3. Table 9.05 3.00 3. Stories from the programs are interesting since it is related to students’ experiences. Respondents’ Perceived Level of Usefulness in terms of Leisure Benefits of the LSU FM Programs Range 4.09).86 3.
and challenging.2 48.34) as reflected in Table 10. . Aside from that.0 24. educational programs are moderately preferred by the respondents because most of the educational programs of the station are merely on the early level of college life and that some of the respondents in this study are already in the higher years thus. Since the radio station aims to give educational. This maybe because learning through radio is still new to the respondents and that other program in the school is difficult to offer and educational radio programs to them like engineering students since they mostly deal with solving numerical problems.1 5.4 entertainment programs? Table 11.6 Not preferred F 19 16 16 17 % 6.6 19. Music Buzz enables the listeners to get the latest information about artists in the music industry.4 Moderately preferred Moderately preferred Moderately preferred Moderately preferred Mode It can be gleaned from Table 11 that all educational programs aired by LSU FM were moderately preferred by the respondents. 4.6 17. An example for the entertainment program is the Music Buzz. thus it has been observed that Filipinos are idealistic and would love to learn about other people’s lives with these reasons.3 news programs. Respondents’ Degree of Preference of Educational Programs Program Most preferred F LibTalk Exploring Philippines Chowtime Greenhand 106 77 71 84 % 34.1 5. and 4. learning the personal issues about the life of an artist in the music industry made them interested and entertained by the program. It has been perceived that teenagers nowadays would like to fight of what they believe is right and that they find arguments interesting.6 52. 4. it has been made sure that entertainment programs do really entertain the listeners and to make them feel relaxed.1 educational programs.1 5.4 52.7 22.9 19. 4. her views wherein listeners do argue and debate about their perception of a particular topic.1 Least preferred F 61 55 62 61 % 19. What is the respondents’ degree of preference of radio programs which are categorized into: 4. they find it moderately preferred. spiritual. This is why they find the views of both sexes useful because perceptions of both ends are explained and shared. The general reason of the respondents of rating these programs “useful” was that the programs were entertaining and relaxing (4. Another example of the program is the His views.2 spiritual programs. and entertainment programs.9 Moderately preferred F 126 164 163 150 % 40.8 26.
9 Not preferred f 17 % 5.4 Moderately preferred F 144 % 46.8 9 2. Respondents’ Degree of Preference of Spiritual Programs Program Most preferred F Animo Mornings 80 % 25. Whatever His Views.8 62 20.4 85 27.7 Least preferred F 55 % 17.8 146 46. Table 14.Table 12.0 20 6.1 Not preferred F 11 % 3.4 145 46. Spiritual program of LSU FM is moderately preferred by the respondents since the program is aired early in the morning wherein students might still be sleeping during the airing of the program.0 Least preferred F 44 % 14.4 Moderately preferred Mode The only spiritual type of program aired by LSU FM was moderately preferred by the respondents.0 Moderately preferred Mode Campus Watch as the only news program of LSU FM was moderately preferred by the listeners.9 41 12. Table 13.2 Least preferred F 72 % 22.0 18 5. Another reason is that since students are already outside the campus they might already be entertained by other medium like television or computer.5 118 36.5 Moderately preferred F 145 % 46. Respondents’ Degree of Preference of News Programs Program Most preferred F Campus Watch 98 % 30. Her Views Evening Love Jive 71 22.8 .8 152 47. Respondents’ Degree of Preference of Entertainment Programs Program Most preferred F Music Buzz 114 % 36.4 Not preferred f 16 % 5. The campus watch is aired during 7:00PM-8:00PM wherein classes are still ongoing and others are busy doing other things such as travelling home or taking their dinner. radio is the least preferred for learning.9 Moderately preferred F 148 % 46.8 75 24. It has been considered that the presence of other entertainment media like television and computer are the stiffest competitors of radio programming since at this generation where people do learn through audio-visual.5 Moderat ely preferred Moderat ely preferred Moderat ely preferred Very preferred Mode Whatever.
social and leisure benefits.001* <. Positive correlation coefficients indicate respondents who had higher degree of preference of educational programs tend to show higher perception level of the usefulness of the radio programs in terms of academic.Among the entertainment programs aired by LSU FM.001* Interpretation Very significant Very significant Very significant *significant since p<. Those who preferred more the educational programs like LibTalk. “Evening Love Jive” was the favorite of the listeners as indicated in Table 14. and 5. Table 15. social and leisure benefits as shown in Tables 15 to 19.2 frequency of listening to radio programs and perceived level of usefulness of radio programs? Correlational analyses were performed between variables on the listening pattern of the respondents and their perception level of the usefulness of the radio programs in terms of academic.001* <. Is there a significant relationship between: 5. Exploring Philippines and Greenhand were able to perceive more the usefulness of the radio programs of LSU FM because it can be concluded that they were able to learn from the educational programs of LSU FM thus they preferred it as well as make use out from it. It has been also perceived that Filipinos are romantic individuals wherein love stories are most preferred and feasted even by all ages as observed in our local television networks wherein during their primetimes they present soap operas about love.53 .1 program preference and perceived level of usefulness of radio programs. Correlational Analysis between Respondents’ Degree of Preference of Spiritual Programs and their Perceived Level of Usefulness Variables Correlati p-value Interpretation . Correlational Analysis between Respondents’ Degree of Preference of Educational Programs and their Perceived Level of Usefulness Variables Degree of Preference of Educational Programs Perceived Level of Usefulness of Radio Programs in terms of Academic Benefits Perceived Level of Usefulness of Radio Programs in terms of Social Benefits Perceived Level of Usefulness of Radio Programs in terms of Leisure Benefits Correlation Coefficient . social and leisure benefits. The degree of exposure and preference to the educational programs of the radio station through information loading made them identify the usefulness of the programs to their academic. This is the favorite program of the listeners since aside from they can relate on the stories aired over the program.05 Table 15 indicates that a positive relationship existed between the degree of educational program preference of the respondents and their perceived level of usefulness of the radio programs aired by LSU FM at 1% level of significance. the timeslot is also scheduled where students don’t have a class and most of them are resting already.50 p-value <. 5. Chowtime. Table 16.49 . Evening love jive is aired from 8:00PM-10:00PM and it tackles on the love experiences of the students.
05 Table 17 indicates that a positive relationship existed between the degree of news program preference of the respondents and their perceived level of usefulness of the radio programs aired by LSU FM at 1% level of significance. Correlational Analysis between Respondents’ Degree of Preference of News Program and their Perceived Level of Usefulness Variables Degree of Preference of News Progra ms Perceived Level of Usefulness of Radio Programs in terms of Academic Benefits Perceived Level of Usefulness of Radio Programs in terms of Social Benefits Perceived Level of Usefulness of Radio Programs in terms of Leisure Benefits Correlati on Coefficient . The degree of exposure and preference to the spiritual program of the radio station through listening to the gospel as well as life stories of the saints made them identify the usefulness of the program to their academic. Table 17. since they find it preferable. social and leisure benefits.37 .42 . social and leisure benefits.001* Very significant Very significant Very significant *significant since p<.001* <.05 Table 16 indicates that a positive relationship existed between the degree of spiritual program preference of the respondents and their perceived level of usefulness of the radio programs aired by LSU FM at 1% level of significance. the respondents also have made use out of it to their lives.001* <. Positive correlation coefficients indicate that respondents who had higher degree of preference of the news program tend to show higher perception level of the usefulness of this program in terms academic. social and leisure benefits.35 p-value Interpretation <.001* Very significant Very significant Very significant *significant since p<.001* <.001* <. The degree of exposure and preference to the news program of the radio station through the awareness of local and .on Coefficient Degree of Preference of Spiritual Progra m Perceived Level of Usefulness of Radio Programs in terms of Academic Benefits Perceived Level of Usefulness of Radio Programs in terms of Social Benefits Perceived Level of Usefulness of Radio Programs in terms of Leisure Benefits .35 . Positive correlation coefficients indicate that respondents who had higher degree of preference of the spiritual program tend to show higher perception level of the usefulness of this program in terms academic. it may also be concluded that since they prefer it.36 . With this. The spiritual program of LSU FM will aware the listeners about the gospel and saint of the day thus they find it preferable since the school is a catholic school and that it is encouraged that students must know the lesson from the gospel as well as learning from the life of the saint of the day in order to use it to their lives.39 <.
social and leisure benefits.international events made them identify the usefulness of the program to their academic. social.50 . his view.34 .001* Very significant Very significant Very .37 p-value Interpretation <. her views. Entertainment programs like whatever.001* Very significant Very significant Very significant *significant since p<. Table 19.001* <. Positive correlation coefficients indicate that respondents who had higher degree of preference of the entertainment programs tend to show higher perception level of the usefulness of the radio programs in terms academic. Since the news program presents the news within and outside the campus. argumentations and music are presented. leisure needs of the respondents. it may be useful to them.45 . it can explained that respondents find the entertainment programs preferable because it caters their interests for them to be entertained and that they have a higher perceived level of usefulness about the programs because they were able to satisfy their academic. music buzz and others focuses mainly about the interests of the listeners wherein gossips. whatever.001* <. Table 18.001* <.001* <.36 . students find it preferable for them to be aware of what is going on around them and that they also have a higher level of usefulness on the program because it can be observed that since the program involves the local events.05 Table 18 indicates that a positive relationship existed between the degree of entertainment program preference of the respondents and their perceived level of usefulness of the radio programs aired by LSU FM at 1% level of significance. social and leisure benefits. With these reasons. social and leisure benefits.41 p-value Interpretation <. Correlational Analysis between Respondents’ Degree of Preference of Entertainment Programs and their Perceived Level of Usefulness Variables Degree of Perceived Level of Usefulness Preference of of Radio Programs in terms of Entertainment Academic Benefits Programs Perceived Level of Usefulness of Radio Programs in terms of Social Benefits Perceived Level of Usefulness of Radio Programs in terms of Leisure Benefits Correlati on Coefficient . Correlational Analysis between Respondents’ Frequency of Listening to Radio Programs and their Perceived Level of Usefulness of Radio Programs Variables Frequency Perceived Level of Usefulness of Listening of Radio Programs in terms of to Radio Academic Benefits Programs Perceived Level of Usefulness of Radio Programs in terms of Social Benefits Perceived Level of Usefulness Correlati on Coefficient . The degree of exposure and preference to the entertainment programs of the radio station through the songs and tips they will hear over the radio made them identify the usefulness of the programs to their academic.
Frequency 224 228 208 219 249 286 258 275 262 273 Percent 67. What are possible improvements in LSU-FM programs as recommended by the respondents? Table 20. The more frequent the listener is exposed to the radio programs of LSU FM.0%).3 68. Improve DJs’ verbal communication. Improve span of coverage.9 77. Areas for Possible Improvements of the LSU Radio Programs Recommendation Revise the flow of the present programming in LSU-FM.7 82.9%).8 74.Ozamiz City. Assign DJs who are knowledgeable of the topics. freshmen comprise the majority population. Develop new programs. Thus with this study. CONCLUSIONS AND RECOMMENDATIONS Conclusions The findings of the study prompted the researcher to conclude that: 1.6 78. it has been found out that those who are frequently exposed to the programs of LSU FM also have a higher perception level of usefulness of the radio programs of LSU FM. 5.6%) and improvement of the DJs’ voice quality (82. the more the listener will then be acquainted with the program wherein it will then evaluate if the program is useful or not. . The quality of the sound/audio of the radio station needs to be improved since the radio station lacks audio processor that will improve the quality of the sound. Develop programs inclined to evangelization.5 62. Improve the DJs’ voice quality. The frequency of exposure will make the DJs get used to the programming and fortunately will improve their performance. Positive correlation coefficients indicate that respondents who listened to the radio programs frequently tend to show higher perception level of the usefulness of the radio programs in terms academic. social and leisure benefits. selection of DJs who are knowledgeable of the topics (82.of Radio Programs in terms of Leisure Benefits significant Table 19 indicates that a positive relationship existed between the frequency of listening to radio programs and respondents’ perceived level of usefulness of the radio programs aired by LSU FM at 1% level of significance.8 85. Most of them suggested for improvement of the sound/audio quality of the radio (85. Ensure compatibility of a program with a specific field of specialization. Improve the sound/audio quality of the radio. Aside from that.5 82.5 65. Improve the quality of news during the airing of the campus watch program. DJs are all students therefore they are still on the process of learning through exposure of the radio programs.0 Table 32 shows the respondents’ recommendations for improvement of the delivery of services of the LSU FM. In the population of La Salle University.
To La Salle University Administration Radio sets must be installed into places where students stay during their vacant schedules like canteen. Approve the purchase of audio processor that will improve the sound quality of the station for it to be appealing to the listeners. Trainings on speech enhancement. It is important that teachers from different should participate in the production of the educational programs for it to be essential to the students. social and leisure benefits. social and leisure benefits since it enables to address their specific needs. To LSU FM Management Educational programs must be improved. . Management of LSU FM should conduct series of training to improve the quality of the DJs. high school and college students who would like to experience the Lasallian education. 2. program development and value integration must be given to the disc jockeys for them to improve their caliber of radio production. It is necessary that all colleges will be given educational programs on the radio for them to be motivated to listen and participate in the radio broadcasting. Recommendations On the basis of the findings and conclusions made in this study. benches and student center. Volunteer students must be given monetary allowance as part of their motivation to work in the station. social and leisure needs. those who preferred of the programs most in LSUFM tend to show most perception of usefulness of the radio programs in terms of academic. few of the students do listen daily in LSUFM because they can only hear the radio station within the city proper and that if they are outside the campus they are entertained by another form of communication medium. and 6.2. The management should also collaborate with the teachers from different colleges and school for the production of the educational programs. the following recommendations are suggested: 1. spiritual program and news and current affairs program of LSUFM are moderately preferred by the students because these programs were designed for students who are in their early college life and that some of the respondents are already on their higher years. those who listened to the radio programs frequently also shows the highest level of usefulness of the programs to address their academics. 3. Programs must vary to fit in to different programs offered in the school. teachers will be able to learn varying their teaching strategies from classroom situation to the radio situation. The school may also use the radio station as venue for marketing the university to the students from elementary. 4. umbrella. To Teachers Teachers are also encouraged to be part of the radio station as consultant for the educational radio programs or even the host of their prepared educational programs. With this type of experience. 3. educational programs. 5. respondents find the programs of LSUFM as useful to their academic.
To Mass Communication Students Since the radio station is used as their laboratory. Available as http://en. 6. 1999.pdf. Effects of Media to Students Behavior and Academic Performance.fao.article19. Available as http://www. and Rogers. 4.htm Singhal. The study must be a comparative study on the development of the students’ academic performance after improved educational programs considering the recommendations of this study. To Media Practitioners They may also encourage to participate in the production of programs that will address the academics. Available as http://en. They should also use the radio station as a venue for learning how media works especially in the radio broadcasting management.surveymonkey. & Katz. E.      Catholic Radio Association (2010). F. Accessed May 10. Arvind. 7. E. The uses of mass communications: Current perspectives on gratifications research.org/pdfs/publications/philippines-baselinestudy. Available as http://www. Retrieved December 8. To Schools within Ozamiz City Schools within Ozamiz City must involve in the production of educational radio programs of LSU FM.Teachers as facilitators of knowledge might be able to encourage their students to listen to LSU FM for them to enhance their knowledge and using the radio station as their extension of classes. making the script of the program as well as collecting and updating of songs in the playlist of the radio station’s computer. Ozamiz City: Immaculate Conception College – La Salle . 2010.wikipedia. They may be helpful through gathering of information. ISBN 1902598806 DWFM. [Internet].org/wiki/DWFM Lucas. teachers from different schools may also contribute to the production of educational radio programs which will also be helpful to their students. (2011).com/s/2010NationalCatholicRadioListener  Aleman.G. Freedom of expression and media in the Philippines: Baseline studies of 7 Southeast Asian Countries.org/sd/cddirect/CDan0026. Beverly Hills.wikipedia. from http://www. New Jersey: Lawrence Erlbaum Associates Blumler J.org/wiki/FM_broadcasting. they should be asked to help in the production of the programs. REFERENCES   Frequency Modulation [FM]. 5. [Internet]. 2011. Rural radio in the Philippines. CA: Sage. (1999).M. Since LSU FM is the only educational radio station in Ozamiz City. social and leisure needs of the students. L (1998). Mass communication students can also participate in the production of the programs. Entertainment-Education: A Communication Strategy for Social Change. (2005). They may also consider the development of educational programs as part of their programs in the commercial radio station for them to be another source of educational materials that would be beneficial to the students. (2011). (1974). Center for Media Freedom and Responsibility [CMFR]. To future researchers Conduct a follow up study on influence of the educational radio programs to the academic behavior of the students.
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