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UNIT- 8 Education training schemes labour welfare

UNIT STRUCTURE: 8.0 objective of study 8.1 Introduction 8.2 Concept of worker’s Education 8.2.1 Characteristics of worker’s education 8.2.2 Objectives of worker’s education 8.3 Training Schemes of D.G.E.T.

8.1 INTRODUCTION: An industry consists of two most important bodies, employer and worker. The workers in the Industry should be considered as the most significant component of the citizen community and they should be psychologically satisfied by providing opportunities for education and offering welfare schemes. These things generate the feeling of belongingness with organization and results harmonious relation in workers and management. It has now been increasingly realized that there is a growing need for the kind of education that will properly equip the workers and trade unions to meet their increasingly heavy economic and social responsibilities and welfare schemes give them extra advantages for their services. 8.2 CONCEPT OF WORKER’S EDUCATION: It is very difficult to define precisely the term “workers’ education”, partly because of the “lack of definitiveness of aim or workers’ education

The term “workers’ education” has assumed different meanings in different countries due to historical reasons. In the developing countries, including India, the term workers’ education is used in its wider connotation and aims at making the worker a better operative, a better union member and a better citizen. The definition of Worker’s education As per Florence Peterson “The workers’ education, as commonly used, in not a generic term but has a specific connotation. It is a special kind of adult education designed to give workers a better understanding for their status, problem, rights and responsibilities as workers, as union members, as consumers and as citizens”. According to the Encyclopedia of Social sciences, “Workers’ Education” seeks to help the worker solve his problems not as an individual but as a member of his social class. aS a whole, workers’ education has to take into consideration the educational needs of the worker as an individual for his personal evolution; as an operative – for his efficiency and advancement; as a citizen for a happy and integrated life in the community; as a member of a trade union – for the protection of his interests as a member of the working class.”. “It is, therefore, to bridge the lacuna by illiteracy, to create better understanding of work and one’s own place in national economy, to prepare worker for effective collaboration with the management, to make him a better citizen, to create leadership among the ranks of labour, to replace outsiders in trade unions and ultimately to make them conscious of their rights and responsibilities that worker’s education aims at”.

8.2.1 CHARACTERISTIC OF WORKER’S EDUCATION: As per the numerous definitions given by scholar certain characteristic are as below:  Worker’s education is designed to create trade union consciousness in the workers besides making them good citizens and training them to understand their status, rights and responsibilities. In workers’ education, the workers themselves form the curriculum and select their own teaches. The organizations providing workers’ education are controlled, financed and managed b y the workers. It is based upon the idea of earning more the more strength for the bargaining power of trade and producing workers who should behave as workers,

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It differs from vocational and professional education as its main aim is to train a worker for his group advancement and for the solution of group problems, whereas vocational and professional education aims at individual advancement. The approach in workers’ education is psychological and philosophical. It includes general education, vocational education, technical education, social education and training in trade unionism.

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8.2.2 OBJECTIVES OF WORKERS’ EDUCATION:   To develop among workers a greater understanding of the problems of their social and economic environment. To provide all sections of workers, including rural workers, for intelligent participation in social and economic development of the nations in accordance with its declared objectives. To develop leadership from among the rank and file of workers themselves. To enhance the skills and knowledge of workers. To strengthen the trade union. To strengthen democratic process and traditions in the trade unions movement. To enable trade unions themselves to take over ultimately the function of workers’ educations.

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8.3 TRAINING SCHEMES OF D.G.E.T. The Directorate General of Employment and Training has evolved various training programmes for the young persons. Such programmes comprise: 1. 2. 3. Craftsmen Training Scheme (CTS) Craft Instructors’ Training Scheme(CITS) Advanced Vocational Training Scheme(AVTS)

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Apprenticeship Training Scheme(ATS) Vocational Training Programme for Women’s Training Supervisory/Foremen Training Scheme Staff Training and Research Programme Instructional Media Development Programme Hi-Tech Training Scheme

Craftmen’s training Scheme:   To provide training to young men and women in the age-group 15-25, the D.G.E.T. has set up Industrial Training (it is) all over the country. To promote the efficiency of craftsmen trainees, aptitude tests have been introduced which are applied for the selection of craftsmen – Trainees in engineering trades and one year for non-engineering trades. National Trade Certificates are issued to the successful candidates. To provide semi-skilled/skilled workers to industry by systematic training to school leavers. To reduce unemployment among educated youth by equipping them with suitable skills for industrial employment.

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Craft instructors’ training The central training institutes train craft instructors required by the ITIs and the apprentice training establishments. For example, training in chemical group of trades is provided at Bombay institute, and in hotel catering at the Hyderabad Institute; the institutes at Kanpur, Bombay and Ludhiana provide training in printing, weaving and farm machines trade. Advanced vocational training system

Under this system, training of highly skilled workers and technicians are provided in a variety of advanced and sophisticated skills not available from other vocational training programmes. Apprenticeships training scheme Under the Apprentices Act, 1961, employees are required to engage apprentices. For such apprentices, training is provided in basic trades and on the job. Vocational training programme for women The National Vocational Training Institute for Women provides instructor training, basic training and advanced training in selected trades particularly suitable for women. But, substantial training capacities have remained unutilized. Further, the training programmes do not take into account local and regional needs. The quality of the training programme need to be increased a large extent. Supervisory/Foremen Training Scheme

Review Question 1. What is workers’ education? What are its objectives? 2. Explain the contents and teaching techniques of workers’ education? 3. Briefly explain various schemes of workers’ training.