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ANSWERSHEET B-Questions CHAPTER 4

4.1 Classification 4.1 TB
1. We can divide organisms into groups called taxons. This
is called classification. Different cats like panther and
domestic cat belong to different genuses and belong to the
same family. Examples of cats belonging to the same
genus are tigre and lion. You can’t see that looking at their
common names, but it’s visible in their scientific name,
because the first part of that name is the same. The
smaller a taxon gets, the more specific its characteristics.
2. Kingdom > phylum > class > order > family > genus >
species.

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ANSWERSHEET B-Questions CHAPTER 4
4.2 Four or five kingdoms? 4.2-4.4 TB
1.
BACTERIA

FUNGI

PLANTS

ANIMALS

cell wall

complex

chitin

cellulose

none

nucleus

no

yes

yes

yes

no (but)

no

yes

no

chlorophyl

2. Bacteria are very small, can be shaped as rods, spheres
or spirals, don’t have any organelles.
3. Fill in the blanks:
a. Bacteria multiply by division. Different sub-groups of
bacteria differ from each other in the the way their cells
walls are built.
b. Algae differ in size. They can be unicellular or
multicellular. Because they have chlorophyl they can do
the process of photosynthesis.
c.Unicellular algae are different from other plants because
they can move around using a whip-like tail, called a
flagellum.
d. Amoeba move around using pseudopods to hunt for
food.
4. Spoil or food or make us ill.
5. Break down our waste and waste water (drinking water);
used in the production of yoghurt, cheese, sauerkraut and
medicines (biotechnology).

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ANSWERSHEET B-Questions CHAPTER 4
4.3 The kingdom of Fungi
1. a.By spores except yeast
b. Unicellular and reproduce by budding (division)
2. a.Rising of dough (CO2) / production of beer and wine
b. We can eat mushrooms, used for production of some
types of cheese, breaking down of waste and for
production of some medicines
3. Parasites
4. Good: to remove waste. Bad: spoiling our food.
5. Coming back from a holiday Fleming discovered an
empty spot surrounding a colony of a yello-green mould.
Fleming studied the mould and called it Penicillium
because it looked like a paintbrush. He did some extra
research and discovered that all kinds of bacteria died
around colonies of Penicillium. The fluid produced by the
mould he called penicillin, It became the first naturallyproduced antibiotic.

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ANSWERSHEET B-Questions CHAPTER 4
4.5 Plant kingdom
1. a.Spores / capsules / sporangia
b. Ferns have leaves, true roots and strong stems,
mosses and liverworts only have simple leaves and no
proper stems or roots.
c.Gymnosperms and Angiosperms.
d. Because the seeds develop in cones.
e. The flowers don’t have petals.
f. To minimise water loss (less surface area)
GROUPS
algae

REPRODUCTION
not important
+ spores: capsules

seedless
plants

GROUPS
sea weeds
one celled algae
+ mosses/liverworts

+ spores: sporangia + ferns

+ seeds in cones
seed
producing
+ seeds in fruit
plants

+ gymnosperms
+ angiosperms

FEATURES
not important
+ simple leaves no
proper stems/roots
+ leaves, true roots
and strong stems
+ needle-like
leaves, no petals
+ flowers with
petals

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ANSWERSHEET B-Questions CHAPTER 4
4.6 Animal kingdom
1. a.Sponges, Cnidarians (Corals building the coral reefs),
Molluscs and Echinoderms
b. Flatworms (Tapeworm) and Roundworms
c.Octopus
d. Squid and Cuttlefish
e. Snails have spiraled shell
2. a.Filtering / pores
b. Sacs / layers / opening / paralyse / stinging /
tentacles
c.One / tapeworm
d. Nematodes / small
e. Wings / halteres / stable
3. a-c.Worksheet
d. Worker-ants, Termites
e. Woodlouse
f. Four pairs of eyes, venom and spinnerets
4. Worksheet
5. Beaks serving as specialised tools (for food)
6. Monotremes lay eggs, Marsupials let their baby’s
develop in pouches, Placentals let their baby’s develop
inside using a placenta.

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