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Caring for 7 billion Average: people have two children which has led to the large population we have today In the 1960s, population was growing at the highest rates in history (population explosion) Population was linked as the main factor in declining environmental quality in the 60s Population has doubled from 1960 til now 47% more garbage production, 20% increase in CO2 emissions, 400% more endangered animals since 70s human consumption pattern is not driven by appetite no limit demand is larger than what nature can regenerate demand for agriculture crops is on an upward trend grain required to fill one tank of gas could feed one person for a whole year 78 mil more people EVERY YEAR must find ways to feed that many people Mothers Acting Up movement for mothers to speak up for children and womens issues Growth rate of the world has been cut in half over the 50 years due to awareness that has spread throughout the world of the population issue US grows by 2.7 mil people each year (including migration) Rich countries point to the poor countries telling them to get their population under control, poor countries say the problem is inequity Solution is for poor countries to grow like developed countries Economy has grown highly dependent on consumers needs a high population for economy to keep growing taxes have to go up GDP measures of economic health Rapid population growth in Ethiopia has caused the country to go into poverty - linked to economic instability, food crisis 50s: expectation that woman would stay home and run the household while the husband went out to work this changed due to the introduction of the pill in order to have control of when to have a child or delay child bearing a lot of societal pressure to have children even in this society there is a stigma behind this sex sells products but nobody wants to talk about it, 40% of pregnancies in the USA are unplanned population problem fix: reduce number of unintended pregnancies = increase sex health and family planning education hard to change overbreeding without changing the status of women worldwide effect of Catholicism on population no belief in birth control drive to control womens reproduction empower women

Rethinking the human economy: big problem today is consumption control size of population early in order to solve consumption problem real wealth of a nation consists of the contributions of the people and nature need of economic policies that give values to caring for people and the earth Europe invested in a caring economic system policies intended to care for their populations family friendly policies: have stable low population growth because they invest more functional society Story of our history has been one of domination women are stepping into new roles of public leadership eases the population problem and brings up new policies to fix the population crisis