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1. Survey Collaborators The EarthFix survey collaboration includes local public radio stations in Idaho, Oregon and Washington, and DHM Research. 2. Referencing DHM Research All website and on-air references as: Davis, Hibbitts & Midghall or DHM Research. DHM Research is an independent and non-partisan public opinion research and consultation firm based in Portland, Oregon. 3. Research Methodology This quantitative research involved a statewide online survey of the Northwests general population, age 18+ conducted between June 14 and June 17, 2013. The sample size was 483. Demographic quotas were set my age, gender, level of education, state, and area within state, to ensure a representative sample. 4. Statement of Limitations Any sampling of opinions or attitudes is subject to a margin of error, which represents the difference between a sample of a given population and the total population (here, residents in the Northwest). For a sample size of 483, if the respondents answered 90% one way and 10% the other, the margin would be +/- 2.7%. If they answered a particular question in the proportion of 50% each way the margin of error would be +/-4.5%.1 In gathering responses, DHM Research employed a variety of quality control measures, including questionnaire pre-testing and monitoring interviews.

The reason for the differences lie in the fact that when response categories are relatively even in size, each is numerically smaller and thus slightly less able-on a

EarthFix Coal Survey June 14-17, 2013; N=483 Ages 18+ using an online panel of residents 10 Minutes; Margin of error +/- 4.5% DHM Research INITIAL TEST As you may be aware, there are at least three proposals to export coal to Asia from ports in Oregon and Washington. The proposed transport facilities would be located in Cherry Point, Washington; Longview, Washington; and Boardman, Oregon. The coal would come from mines in the Power River Basin of Montana and Wyoming and be transported through the Pacific Northwest by rail and barge. 1. Do you support or oppose transporting coal through the Pacific Northwest and exporting it to other countries from ports in Oregon and Washington? June 13 July 12 Response Category N=483 N=600 16% Strongly support 14% 39% Somewhat support 27% 16% Somewhat oppose 18% 11% Strongly oppose 18% 17% Dont know 23% 2. Why do you transporting coal through the Pacific Northwest and exporting it to other countries from ports in Oregon and Washington? 3. In the last year has your opinion changed about transporting coal through the Pacific Northwest and exporting to other countries from ports in Oregon and Washington? Total Response Category N=483 I have become more supportive 9% I have become more opposed 11% I have become more uncertain 4% I havent changed my mind 57% Dont know 19%

4. Whether you support or oppose transporting coal through the Pacific Northwest, how important is the issue to you personally? Total Response Category N=483 Very important 11% Somewhat important 37% Not too important 31% Not at all important 13% Dont know 8% DHM Research EarthFix Coal Survey, June 2013 2

5. How closely have you been following the issue of coal transport through the Pacific Northwest? Total Response Category N=483 Very closely 5% Somewhat closely 30% Not too closely 34% Not at all 29% Dont know 2%

ENVIRONMENTAL IMPACT STUDY Before approving construction of new coal transport facilities, they are required to be reviewed for their impact on human health and the environment. There is debate among supporters and opponents of coal transport about what those reviews should include. Please indicate if you would support or oppose the following levels of review. Randomize
Strongly Somewhat Somewhat Strongly Dont

Response Category support support Oppose Oppose know 6. Review the environmental impact only on the communities where the transport facilities are located Total, N=483 20% 39% 20% 11% 10% 7. Review the cumulative environmental impact of all the communities where the transport facilities are located, and along the rail and shipping corridors that transport the coal through the Pacific Northwest Total, N=483 44% 32% 8% 6% 10% 8. Review the cumulative environmental impact on the entire Pacific Northwest region Total, N=483 39% 35% 11% 6% 9% 9. Review the cumulative environmental impact on the entire globe, including the effect of climate change Total, N=483 26% 30% 19% 14% 12%

POST-TEST 10. Which of these is your most preferred review option for approving coal transport facilities? Total Response Category N=483 Review the environmental impact only on the communities where the transport facilities are 14% located Review the cumulative environmental impact of all the communities where the transport 40% facilities are located, and along the rail and shipping corridors that transport the coal DHM Research EarthFix Coal Survey, June 2013 3

through the Pacific Northwest Review the cumulative environmental impact on the entire Pacific Northwest region Review the cumulative environmental impact on the entire globe, including the effect of climate change

27% 19%

DHM Research EarthFix Coal Survey, June 2013

11. Sometimes people change their minds when they learn more about an issue. After reading different perspectives, do you now support or oppose transporting coal through the Pacific Northwest and exporting it to other countries from ports in Oregon and Washington? Response Category Test 1 Test 2 Strongly support 14% 14% Somewhat support 27% 33% Somewhat oppose 18% 16% Strongly oppose 18% 21% Dont know 23% 16% 12. \ Earlier you indicated that you coal transport. Is there any particular reason why you now coal transport? I. DEMOGRAPHICS

D36. What is your gender? Response Category Male Female D37. In what age group are you? Response Category 18-24 25-34 35-44 45-54 55-64 65+ Total N=483 10% 21% 14% 24% 16% 15% Total N=483 48% 51%

D38. What is the highest level of education you have had the opportunity to complete? Total Response Category N=483 8th grade or less 0% Some high school 2% High school graduate 36% Some college/technical/ 35% community college/2-yr degree 15% College degree/4-yr degree 12% Post Graduate We need some more background information for statistical purposes only to make sure we have a valid sample. Remember, all your answers will be kept strictly confidential. D39. Which category best describes your 2012 gross household income, before taxes? Remember to include everyone living in your household. Your best estimate will do.

DHM Research EarthFix Coal Survey, June 2013

Response Category Less than $25,000 $25,000 - $49,999 $50,000 - $74,999 $75,000 - $99,999 $100,000 - $149,999 $150,000 or more Refused D40. How long have you lived in [state]? Response Category 2 years or less 3-5 years 6-10 years 11-20 years 21 years or more

Total N=483 15% 30% 24% 17% 8% 5% 1%

Total N=483 7% 7% 7% 25% 53%

D41. Do you have any Spanish, Hispanic, or Latino origin? Total Response Category N=483 Yes 5% No 95% D42. Which of the following best describes your ethnicity? Total Response Category N=483 Asian/Pacific Islander 5% 1% American Indian / Native 0% Black / African American White/Caucasian 89% Hispanic/Latino 2% Two or more races/other 3%

DHM Research EarthFix Coal Survey, June 2013