Psycho-Technical Directorate

General Introduction:
Psycho-Technical Unit was set up in Railway Board in the year 1964. Later on due to expansion of research and development activities, it was transferred to RDSO as a unit of Traffic Wing. In the year 1989, it became an independent directorate. At present, this directorate is functioning under Executive Director/Traffic (Psycho).

Scope:
Main objective of directorate is to increase job performance, job satisfaction and motivation of employees as well as prevention of accidents due to human lapses. In this perspective, directorate is engaged in research studies on variables considered important for traffic safety so that phenomena of accidents causation could be understood. On the basis of information obtained through research studies programmes, which aim to reduce accidents induced by human factors, are developed and executed.

Main activities of Psycho-Technical Directorate are as follows:
i) ii) iii) iv) v) vi) Scientific job analysis Development and standardisation of aptitude tests. Estimation of training needs of employee’s and provides guidelines for development of training programmes. Research on problems related to organisational behaviours. Development and implementation of programmes for stress reduction. Human engineering.

Main Projects
Development of Computerised Aptitude Tests for High Speed Train Drivers:
This year Psycho-Technical Directorate has developed a computer based test package “CADAT” for the drivers who are deployed on trains running at a speed of 110 kmph and above. This test measures specific abilities related to the job of drivers, such as, Reaction time, Form perception, Vigilance, Speed anticipation and some selected attributes of personality. Testing process and calculation of results are fully automatic and the result gets generated as soon as the testing is over. Similar tests are

Loco Pilots.D. a computerised psychological test package has been imported from Austria. 8 to 10 assessment centres will be established in various parts of the country. After every five years job analytic studies are taken in hand for these categories of staff and on the basis of this. This test is finding application in screening of High Speed Train drivers of Indian Railways w. The selection programmes are evolved according to the changes in railway working so that the efficiency of the test battery is maintained at accepted levels. At present a test battery is being developed for the selection of Asstt.O. Vienna Test System for Computerised Testing This test package is in vogue on many European railways for selection of various categories of rail employee. As per this plan. validity of aptitude test battery is reaffirmed. In compliance of this recommendation. The test was developed by R. Each Assessment Centre will have testing arrangement for 30 candidates at a time. After completion of it.administered in all advanced railway systems abroad.f.S. Asstt. In this regard more than ten psychological tests have been developed and now their reliability and validity is being determined. Railway Board had sent a team of officers to study the status of computerised tests on Advanced Railways system abroad. there is a comprehensive plan for the computerisation of entire aptitude testing on Indian Railways. The candidates applying for selection to various posts through RRBs can be tested in these 2 . Loco Pilots and Motormen. September 2006. aptitude tests are applicable in recruitment and promotion of Asstt. Computerisation of Aptitude test: Railway Safety Review Committee (1999) recommended computerisation of psychological tests applicable on Indian Railways. Periodic review of Aptitude tests: As per the directives issued by Railway Board. The Assessment Centre will work in several shifts. in collaboration with an outside software agency. Station Masters. Keeping the recent trend of psychological testing in view.e. A research study is being initiated for the indigenous adaptation of this test package. including train drivers.

A. Techniques of Stress Management Ergonomic Laboratory of the directorate has completed a series of projects on causes and control of stress. The system has facility for sending the results of candidates automatically to RRB and the concerned railways as soon as the testing is over. Station Masters. which aim at helping the employees towards better adjustment with their job. A number of workshops have been organised with the help of Premier Yoga Institutes of the country. Inauguration of Stress Management Workshop by Sh. Asstt Loco Pilots and Motormen. the directorate has prepared psychological test programmes for several categories of employees. Psycho-Technical Directorate provided technical consultancy in the selection of Train Operators/Station Controllers. which are presently finding application on Indian Railways. Asstt.K. Job profiles have been developed on the basis of above research studies. 3 . Drivers to DMRC and KRCL. The Directorate has planned five workshops on Stress Management during the year 2006-07.Assessment Centres. During the past years. A printed copy of results may also be given to the candidate. On the basis of these job profiles. Psycho-Technical Directorate has completed many projects on job analysis of Asstt. RDSO Yoga & Meditation Exercises in Stress Management Workshop Specific Contributions 1. which exhibit characteristic of personalities and required abilities for successful job performance of these employees. DG. 2. Station Masters and Astt. The Ergonomic laboratory has facilities for measuring various physiological parameters through which level of stress can be identified and biofeedback offered to employees. Rao.

Extensive psychological case studies of staff involved in accidents have been conducted by directorate and important information has been made available to rail administration for improving safety.. On this basis a package for selection and training of On-Board employees of Rajdhani/Shatabdi trains was developed. 5. --- 4 . Night shift working and matters related to humanmachine interface etc. which facilitate in decision making of rail administration.3. A package is prepared for application on the railways to increase the vigilant behaviour of drivers by training and counselling. 6. 4. Noise. Research study was conducted on competency based placement and counselling of front line commercial staff. Speed of train. Experimental studies were conducted on problems related to Hours of work.