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Matters of life and death unit 3.4 revision PowerPoint.

• Jesus rose from the dead. • The Bible and the Creeds say there is life after death. • The Church teaches that there is life after death in the Catechism. • St Paul teaches we will have a resurrection like Jesus. • The Soul is something that will never die. • They believe they should live a good life, pray, attend Mass, live out the 10 Commandments and give to charity so that they can gain eternal life in heaven. The parable of the sheep and Goats teaches that we will be judged on the way we treat people on earth.

Why Catholics believe in Life after death and how does this affect their lives

Non- religious reasons fro believing in Life after death
• Near death experiences when people see things during heart attacks, operations etc. Often see light, dead relatives, out- body experience and seeing a heavenly state. Most near-death experiences experience the same things. • Evidence of Ghosts- people feel the presence of the dead, see figures etc.- makes people believe in an after life. • Mediums- people can talk to dead souls. People can tell stories that only that person and the dead person would know. • Reincarnation- soul being born into a different body. People have said that they remember their previous life.

Atheist arguments for not believing in life after death.
If there is no God, there is no spirit world for life after death to happen.
The different religions contradict each other about life after death. Christianity, Islam and Judaism say it will be resurrection or immortality of the soul; Hinduism, Sikhism and Buddhism say it will be reincarnation. If life after death were true, they would all say the same thing.

Much of the evidence is based on holy books, but they contradict each other, and there is no way of deciding which holy books are true and which false.
The evidence of the paranormal ( near death experiences, mediums, reincarnation) has all been challenged by scientists. Most beliefs about life after death think that the mind or soul can survive without the body, but science shows that the mind or soul can survive without the body, but science shows that the mind cannot live without the brain, so when the body dies, the mind must also die. There is no place where life after death could take place; space journeys have shown heaven is not above the sky. People who have been brought up by atheists will not believe in life after death.

Why is abortion controversial?
• People disagree about when life begins. Some say at conception, others when the heart beats or when the baby is born. • People therefore disagree about whether abortion is murder. • People disagree about whether a women has the right to choose. ( pro-choice vs. Po-life) • Should abortion laws be brought forward as babies are surviving at 20 weeks.

Different Christian perspectives on Abortion Catholic Christians Non- Catholic Christians ( Protestants)
• This Church teaches that all direct abortions are wrong whatever the circumstances. • This teaching is based on scripture, Apostolic Tradition and the Magisterium. This Church teaches life starts at conception. • Therefore the foetus has rights and is considered a person. Abortion is therefore seen as murder as it goes against the 10 commandments ‘ do not kill’. • Life is sacred and belongs to God, he is the only person who can take life. The Church recognises that many women suffer depression after having an abortion and the kindest thing to do is to give the baby up for adoption if she does not want it. • This Church believes abortion is wrong, but it may be permitted in certain circumstances such as if the mother has been raped, the mothers life is in danger or the child will be handicapped. • Sometimes they will allow abortion for social reasons such as poverty. This is because Jesus taught us to do the most loving thing and sometimes abortion might be the most loving thing. • They believe that Jesus taught Justice and therefore women should be able to have an abortion if they would like.

Why is euthanasia a controversial issue?
• Medicine can keep people alive with little quality of life. Is this fair? • Suicide is no longer a criminal act therefore helping someone to die if they want to should not be considered a criminal act. • We give euthanasia to suffering animals as it’s the kindest thing to do so why not humans? • The role of doctors is to save life not take it away. • Can you ever be sure that euthanasia is what the person wants? • Elderly and sick people might start to feel a hindrance so they ask out of guilt. • Slippery slope- could lead to murder. • Hospices are alternatives as they provide a pain free death.

Different Christian perspectives to euthanasia
Catholics Some Christians A few Christians • These Christians accept a limited use of euthanasia. They agree with living wills in which people state what sort of treatment they wish to receive and how they want to die if they have a terminal illness. • They believe this because modern science means that we can no longer be sure what God’s wishes about someone's death actually are. • assisted suicide, voluntary and non– • all forms of voluntary euthanasia are wrong. euthanasia is • however believe that switching of a lifewrong support machine is not euthanasia if • This is because the brain death has already been the Bible bans established by medical experts. suicide and that • They also believe that it is not wrong to God is the only allow death to occur by not giving person who can extraordinary treatment take life. • They believe this because it is written in • It is written in the the catechism of the Catholic Church. 10 • Euthanasia is not permitted because commandments life is sacred and can be only taken that life is sacred away by God. and that murder • It says do not murder in the 10 is wrong. commandments.

Augments for the media criticising religious matters on life after death.
• Freedom to express ourselves is a human right. • People should be able to hear different view points to make up their own mind. • If religious groups use the media to express there views on matters of life and death then they should accept criticism too. • In a multi-faith society, there must be freedom of religious belief and expression, so the media must have the right to question religious beliefs. • Life and death is a important topic which is relevant to all therefore it should be discussed at all levels.

Augments against the media criticising religious matters on life after death
• It stirs up religious hatred, which is banned by racial religious hatred act of 2007. • It can upset peoples religious belief and can cause riots or trouble. • Could be seen as blasphemy • Beyond human criticism because religious statements have been given by God.

A short Stay in Switzerland – A BBC reenactment of Dr Anne Turner and her Euthanasia
• It is anti-Christian view and pro-voluntary active euthanasia • It goes against Christian views that God is the only being that can take away life (sanctity of life) and other arguments put forward by Christians • The portrayal of the husband is a weak, frail and unable man who is depressed and has a poor quality of life. • We see passive euthanasia – starving him • We see the pain and suffering of Dr Turner • We see that this is her decision and no-one else’s and we see her die peacefully and happily with her family

The Terri Schiavo Story – Hosted by Joni Eareckson Tada
• This is against Euthanasia but is pro-Christian • The family want to keep her alive rather than let her die. • They believe only God can take her life (sanctity of life) • Her husband goes to court to ask to take away her food tube. • One sided view on why they want to keep her alive and so leads people to believe that Euthanasia is wrong. • It shows her as very much alive – communicating with her family through sounds and her eyes.

The causes of world poverty
• • • • • • Natural disasters Wars Debt Unfair trade Lack of education HIV/AIDS

How and why CAFOD Help
How Why

• Promoting long-term development schemes. • Responding to emergencies • Raising public awareness of the causes of poverty. • Speaking on behalf of poor communities.

• Jesus taught on the sermon on the Mont that we should help the Poor. • The Magisterium and Catechism teach us that we must help the poor. • Christians believe it is how we can act out the golden rule. • Parable of the sheep and goats. • Good Samaritan.