You are on page 1of 117

M

1 ENERGY 1.1 UNDERSTANDING THE USES OF ENERGY

AM

INVESTIGATING FORCE AND ENERGY
0

C)
3.

(A) Tick (,/) the correct answer,

(X ) the wrong answer.

14

1. Energy can be destroyed. 2. Energy can be converted into other forms. 1.The Sun gives out solar energy. 2.We get fuel from dead plants and animals. Wind produces kinetic energy.

in Circle the correct answer. (B)

Which of the following is not correct about the above figure? A. It gives us heat. C. It helps plants to make food. D. It is our main source of energy.

B. It

is the biggest planet.

2. Which of the following sources get their energy from the Sun? I. Biomass 11. Chemical III. Wind

A. B.

I and II only. I and III only.

C. II and III only. D. I, II and III.

@ PENERBIT SERI SANJUNG SDN. BHD. (574018-T)

. C.... B.... potential D......... I and II only. II and IV only.. kinetic C...1 UNDERSTANDING UNDERSTANDING THE USES OF ENERGY (B) Circle the correct answer...T) .. II.. &0INVESTIGATING FORCE AND ENERGY [~lENERGY 1. nuclear energy. 4.113 .... 111 and IV only. solar energy... Rice A.. Which of the following energy is involved? A... I and III only.... C. 131... @ P EN ER BIT S E RI SA NJUNG SDN .... (5 740 18. B.... D... D... chemical energy.... electrical B...... Chemical energy....14 3. The energy stored in the dry cells is. energy... Petrol III...... D........... Heat energy....... C.. kinetic energy... 5... A stretched spring has.. Dry cells are used in the above object... A.. A. Kinetic energy.. The figure above shows a mango falling.. Fire II... Which of the following have chemical energy? I. Potential energy.. B... Dry cell I..... chemical 6.

.

r 15 1 ENERGY 1. (1) (4) .2 UNDERSTANDING THAT ENERGY CAN BE TRANSFORMED FROM ONE FORM TO ANOTHER 19 (A) Shown below are devices which make use of energy to make them work. Name the source of energy for each of the devices.

(574018-T) . BHD.(2) (5) r (3) @ PENERBIT SERI SANJUNG SDN.

1 ENERGY 1.. C.... C.. II and Ill only. Biomass energy.... I and 11 only.. -Au A... 2.. Heat energy.. Which of the following produces biomass fuel? I.. C.... Natural gas III.. The above device converts. .2 UNDERSTANDING THAT ENERGY CAN BE TRANSFORMED FROM ONE FORM TO ANOTHER 15 1. Kinetic energy. Green plants III.. B. Coal 11. 3... I. What type of energy is produced by the above device? (B) Circle the correct answer.. and IV only. A.. Electrical energy... Petroleum A.. D... B. 11.... D. nuclear energy to heat energy. heat energy to light energy. I and III only.

D. 13 1 . electrical energy to heat energy.11 3 .B. heat energy to electrical energy.T ) . (5 7 4 0 18 . IPA @ P E N E R B IT S E R I SA N JU N G S D N .

. Chemical energy is changed to heat energy.... Ill and IV 2.11 V1 111%L... C... Electrical energy is changed to sound energy. I.. %=11t=1Vy: A . B... I... 1. A....1 ENERGY 1. I and 11 only B. Solar cells are used to provide electricity for.. watches 11.. Heat energy is changed to electric energy.l u l l u W 1 1 1 V lull pluuut-t= A. VV111L. I and III only C. 11 and Ill only D.. The table below shows the energy changes when the appliances are used. Which of the following electrical appliances change electrical energy to heat energy? A. toy car . B... Electrical energy is changed to heat energy. D.... 1. Which one is correctly paired? Transformation of energy Heat energy —> chemical energy Electrical energy --> heat energy Heat energy Light energy electrical energy Heat energy Energy converter Solar panel Electric kettle Lamp Water heater 2..... 5. rice cooker III.2 UNDERSTANDING THAT ENERGY CAN BE TRANSFORMED FROM ONE FORM TO ANOTHER 16 ( A ) C i r c l e t h e c o r r e c t a n s w e r.. calculators IV.... A B C D Y.. What takes place when we turn on the radio? A..

A. Ill and IV. @ PENERBIT SERI SANJUNG SDN. D. (574018-T) . BHD. B. I and 11 only. I and Ill only. II. C. 1. 11 and Ill only. I.

2 UNDERSTANDING THAT ENERGY CAN BE TRANSFORMED FROM ONE FORM TO ANOTHER 16 0 1. (B) Answer the following questions.1 ENERGY 1. Iron Table fan Microphone . 1. 1. Write down the energy changed from one to another when using these appliances.

@ PENERBIT SERI SANJUNG SDN. J57401H-T) . BHD.

C. A.. those that cannot be replenished. C.......... Biomass...3 UNDERSTANDING RENEWABLE AND NON-RENEWABLE ENERGY ( A ) C i r c l e t h e c o r r e c t a n s w e r.... D.. D... Renewable energy resources are .. 17 1....... A. Natural gas.... those that can be replenished. A.... C.......... those found in the soil...... A... Water... the earth is round.1 ENERGY 1.......... the earth will continue to produce it for a long time. Fuel.. Fuel. D.... Geothermal is a renewable energy because.... 3.......... heat energy when turns on.... Which of the following energy can be renewed? A.... chemical energy when turns on. Which of the following gets its energy from a renewable source? .... 5..... Energy stored in a dry cell of a torch light becomes .. A. A..... Solar. 4....... 6.... D..... D.. it can be converted. Coal.. those that can be stored. C...... C. Waves.. sound energy when turns on.. A.... it is hot... A.... 2.. light energy when turns on.. Which of following is a non-renewable resource of energy? A....

A. A. Alarm. @ PENERBIT SERI SANJUNG SDN. Gas tank. Car. D. Windmill. C. MD. (574018•T) .

state the energy conversion that took place.17 1 ENERGY 1.3 UNDERSTANDING RENEWABLE AND NON-RENEWABLE ENERGY (B) The figure below shows a windmill. 1. BHD. State the source of energy produce by the windmill. 1. What is the advantage of using this source of energy? @ PENERBIT SERI SANJUNG SDN. (574018-T) . 1. In the process of producing electricity.

18 1 ENERGY 1.. Electricity that is generated from water sources is called..... _j .... produces kinetic energy...... 5......... and coal are non .............. .................3 UNDERSTANDING RENEWABLE AND NON-RENEWABLE ENERGY I r 0 1...................renewable energies. 4.. (A) Fill in the blanks with the correct words from the box below..................... 3........................ hydroelectricity Wind Natural gas material can help to conserve energy....... nuclear Recycling______ I 2..... energy................. Uranium and plutonium can be used to produce. .. (B) Name the type of energies used by the machines shown below..........

B H D .(1) (2) (3) ( 9 ) P E N E R B I T S E R I S A N J U N G S D N . ( 5 7 4 0 1 8 -T ) .

State two ways to reduce energy usage. Iron 111. II and IV only. * Moving air * Moving water What type of energy is produced by the above? A. Rice cooker II. State reasons to conserve energy. C. II. BHD. State two sources of energy that are not renewable. A. 111 and IV.3 UNDERSTANDING RENEWABLE AND NON-RENEWABLE ENERGY 18 1.1 ENERGY 1. I. A. Television A. 0 (D) Circle the correct answer IElectrical energy --> heat energy_____________I Which of the following appliances go through the energy conversion as shown above? I. A. Solar energy. B. Renewable energy. 1. B. D. I and II only. Non-renewable energy. A. B. (574018-T) . I and III only. Sound @ PENERBIT SERI SANJUNG SDN. Torch IV. A. 1. A. A. 2.

(C) Answer these questions. Ar_ .

(A) Name the following electricity sources.1 KNOWING THE SOURCES OF ELECTRICITY . (1) 2 ELECTRICITY 2.

(574018-T) .19 @) PENERBIT SERI SANJUNG SDN. BHD.

transistor radios........... D.... B.. Name the converter used to generate electricity from the Sun.. C.. Bicycle.. A. A..... electrical energy C.. Solar cell. B. Dry cell. C. dry cell. D.... D............... C.. A.. Dynamo.. C.. B.. The energy source shown above is a . 4. Kinetic energy .. Accumulator. accumulator..... A. D........19 r2 ELECTRICITY 2. dynamo... bicycles.. Sound energy D. watches.. irons... Chemical energy > electrical energy B. Torch. .. State the energy conversion that occurs in the figure below. Car.. solar cell. Solar energy electrical energy electrical energy 3... The figure above shows a dynamo used in .....1 KNOWING THE SOURCES OF ELECTRICITY L____________________________________________________________________'A 'I 0 1 (B) Circle the correct answer.. 2.. 5. Motor. B.. Which of the following machine uses the energy source shown in the above Figure? A...

BHD. (574018-T) .@ PENERBIT SERI SANJUNG SDN.

20 2 ELECTRICITY 2. BHD. 0 ( 2 ) ( 3 ) 0 Component Symbol @ PENERBIT SERI SANJUNG SDN. (574018-T) .2 IDENTIFY A SERIES CIRCUIT AND A PARALLEL CIRCUIT (A) Fill in the table below.

Wire 11. A.. It allows electricity to flow through. I. What is X as shown in the figure below? Conductor. 0 j 4. C. (574018-T) D. Switch III. 1.2 IDENTIFY A SERIES CIRCUIT AND A PARALLEL CIRCUIT (B) Circle the correct answer. Which is a parallel circuit? A. . I and 11 only. . A. D. only. 0 M. Cell A. Bulb III. Wire. D. B. It helps to conduct electricity.j A. BHD. II and III 1. C.20 4P 2 ELECTRICITY 2. D. @ PENERBIT SERI SANJUNG SDN. 111 What is the function of the component in the above figure? A. It gives out light. B. 2. Switch. Dry cell. A. II. A complete circuit consists of the following I. A. C. 11 and III only. It acts as a switch. 3.

5. C. A. Which is a series circuit. @ @T . B.

d Ruler "1 A. . Draw a circuit as shown using symbols only.2 ELECTRICITY 2. A. Tick (V) the complete circuit.2 IDENTIFY A SERIES CIRCUIT AND A PARALLEL CIRCUIT 21 1. The figure below shows a complete circuit with all its components.

@ PENERBIT SERI SANJUNG SDN.T) 2. BHD. (574018. Which of the component is a source of energy? .

T . T . Circle the correct answer.2 IDENTIFY A SERIES CIRCUIT AND A PARALLEL CIRCUIT C.. 1. Which of the bulbs in the series circuits shown below are the brightest.21 r -I 2 ELECTRICITY 2. A B C ~ o TT 2.

The switch will have to be replaced. D. A. The other bulb will not light up. @ PENERBIT SERI SANJUNG SDN. The other bulb will light up. (574018-T) . What will happen if one of the bulbs is blown? A. BHD.•• The above figure shows a series circuit with two bulbs. C. The cells lose their energy.

3 UNDERSTANDING THE SAFETY PRECAUTIONS TO BE TAKEN WHEN HANDLING ELECTRICAL APPLIANCES 22 ( A ) W r i t e d o w n t h e u s e s o f t h e e l e c t r i c a l a p p l i a n c e s shown below.2 ELECTRICITY 2. (4) (1 ) (3) .

@ PENERBIT SERI SANJUNG SDN. BHD. J574010-T) .

What should not be done when both the electrical appliances are being used? I. What safety precaution should be taken when using the above electrical appliance? A. IV. D. Put it on the floor. Switching on and off . The figure above shows two electrical appliances. Switch if off when not using. Do not touch it. 1. I and III only. Make sure the wires are in good condition III. Do not touch them II. Set it to the correct temperature. Keep away from children 3. C. A. A. (B) Circle the correct answer. I and 11 only.3 UNDERSTANDING THE SAFETY PRECAUTIONS TO BE TAKEN WHEN HANDLING ELECTRICAL APPLIANCES 22 1. B.2 ELECTRICITY 2.

II. IBM (574018-T) . I. I and III only. I. Do not hammer a nail around it A. II. II. Do not poke with a metal III. Do not use it when it is broken IV. I. D. II and III only. B. II and III only. I. @ PENERBIT SERI SANJUNG SDN.C. D. Do not switch off with wet hands C. 111111 and IV. I and II only. III and IV. I. I Ata What safety precautions should be taken when using the switch as shown above.

/) the pictures that show the correct way of using electrical appliances. —j (3) () (2) 1 .2 ELECTRICITY 2.3 UNDERSTANDING THE SAFETY PRECAUTIONS TO BE TAKEN WHEN HANDLING ELECTRICAL APPLIANCES 23 (A) Tick (.

@ PENERBIT SERI SANJUNG SDN. 1. 3. 1. 4. (574018-T) . BHD. Electricity does not cause fire.(4) C)( B) Write true or false. 2. Switch off all electrical appliances when leaving a premise. Do not touch electrical appliances if hands are wet. Do not handle faulty electrical appliances. Repair faulty electrical appliances with a screwdriver.

P Q 3.3 UNDERSTANDING THE SAFETY PRECAUTIONS TO BE TAKEN WHEN HANDLING ELECTRICAL APPLIANCES 23 (B) Write true or false. 1. What inference can you make about the two electrical appliances shown above? 2. State the energy conversion that occur in both the appliances. Name another electrical appliance that has the same energy conversion as P.2 ELECTRICITY 2. .

@ PENERBIT SERI SANJUNG SDN. BHD. (574018-T) .

D.... the ball is too far away. it is too dark.. Glass A. m and IV. Which of the following objects allow light to pass through? A... C.. Water III.3 LIGHT 3. 3. 2.. He can't see the ball because .. ii and IV only... I and III only. Net III. A. I ana ii only.. i.... B.. BHD.. light is blocked by the door....1 UNDERSTANDING THAT LIGHT TRAVELS IN A STRAIGHT LINE 24 ( A ) C i r c l e t h e c o r r e c t a n s w e r... Manila card 11. C....... 1..... D..... @ PENERBIT SERI SANJUNG SDN.. (574018•T) . The figure below shows a child looking for his ball... ts.. light travels in a straight line.. ii. A........ Which of the following objects allow light to pass through? I..

.

bag W ..ball Which of the above objects can form shadows when light is shown on them? A. the object is further from the source of light.. A.. B.glass U ... the source of light is stronger. A. 5.. T and U only. the object is placed nearer to the screen...... B. T and V only. the shadow formed on the screen would be enlarged if..... 4.. T ....1 UNDERSTANDING THAT LIGHT TRAVELS IN A STRAIGHT LINE k..... the object is placed nearer to the source of light.coin V .24 4? 3 L IG HT 3. In the above diagram. A... -A (A) Circle the correct answer....... ...

131. (5 740 18.B. C. U.T) . T and W only. @ P EN ER BIT S E RI SA NJUNG SDN .113 . V and W only.

3 LIGHT 3. Translucent material allows light to pass through.2 UNDERSTANDING THAT LIGHT CAN BE REFLECTED Circle the correct answer. C. D. B. Li . Translucent material Transparent material Opaque material 25 4P 1.1 UNDERSTANDING THAT LIGHT TRAVELS IN A STRAIGHT LINE 3. What inference can you make from the above activities? A. Transparent material does not allow light to pass through. Opaque material does not allow light to pass through. The light of the candle cannot form shadows.

.. nearer to the source of light.. B.The shadow formed in the above figure shows that the object is placed....... upside down.. (574018-T) .. BHD. too near to the source of light. C.. @ PENERBIT SERI SANJUNG SDN. D. A...... nearer to the screen..

..3 LIGHT 3...2 UNDERSTANDING THAT LIGHT CAN BE REFLECTED 25 C-) Circle the correct answer. D.... A .. rough surface.. A. The above figure shows a light shining at an object.... 131-113.... B..1 UNDERSTANDING THAT LIGHT TRAVELS IN A STRAIGHT LINE 3. D. C. The above ray diagram shows the way light travels when it falls on a . B.... @ PENERBIT SERI SANJUNG SDN.. (574018•T) . stone... Which of the following is the image formed on the screen? 3... C.. flat and smooth surface..... uneven surface..

1.2 UNDERSTANDING THAT LIGHT CAN BE REFLECTED M 26 0 1 C? A.3 L IG HT 3. The shadow formed on the screen is larger than the original object because 1. What will happen if the object is moved closer to the screen? 1. Study the figure below and answer the questions that follow. What will happen to the shadow if you change the position of the light source? .

Of @ PENERBIT SERI SANJUNG SDN. BHD. (574018-T) .

Which of the following objects are good reflectors of lights? @ P E N E R B IT S E R I SA N JU N G S D N . Side mirror. C. 1. B. Kaleidoscope. To reflect light from the other cars. III. II and III only. Glass A. Periscope. 'I Which nf fhprp rim mmip hmpti nn the nrinrinip nf light rpflimrfinn? III. To help driver see around the bend. Black curtain A. 2. . D. I. Why is a mirror placed at the side of a car? A. (5 7 4 0 18 . I. I and III only. II and III only. Periscope A. D. B. Which of the following is not an example of the reflection of light? A.2 UNDERSTANDING THAT LIGHT CAN BE REFLECTED 26 B .3 LIGHT 3. Mirror II.T ) I. D. II and IV only. To enable the driver to see himself. Side mirror C. 4. To help driver see the traffic situation behind him. C i r c l e t h e c o r r e c t a n s w e r. Wood IV. Telescope IV. I and II only. Mirror. I and II only. B. I and III only. B. Spectacles II.11 3 . 13 1 . C.

B. I. II. . 111 and IV.

BHD..... I and II only. B.... 2...Circle the correct answer. How does the mercury level n reacted in the thermometer? A... it expands.. area.. I.. it contracts.... The figure below shows a thermometer in a beaker of ice cubes. The mercury level goes up and down. C. Which of the statements are true about heat? I.. Heat can pass through metals... Mercury is used in a thermometer because ... The mercury level does not change........ III and IV.. of its colour. D. 1... temperature.. A. C... B. B.. Ice Thermometer Beaker @ PENERBIT SERI SANJUNG SDN.. C..... mass. The Sun gives out heat. Heat is a form of energy.. 11 and III only. Heat can be felt.. The mercury level goes up...... 3... it expands and contracts easily.. A.. 4.. B.... IV.. The mercury level goes down. III..... I. I and III only.. (574018-T) .. C...... length. A.. II... II. D.. D. A thermometer is used to measure. D...

................................-f A............ Paper Magnifying glass A magnifying glass is used to focused the sunlight on a piece of paper.... .. Stone ....... What do they feel when they touch the stones? ............ Study the picture below and answer the questions.. What are they investigating? .....................1 UNDERSTANDING THAT TEMPERATURE IS AN INDICATOR OF DEGREE OF HOTNESS 27 C) Circle the corre ct ans we r. A group of pupils are striking two stones together as shown below..................................... B..... 6............................... 5....................4 H E AT 4...............

.....A............................... 131-113........... A......................... (574018•T) ................................................................... @ PENERBIT SERI SANJUNG SDN.................. What conclusion can you make from the above activity?........................ What do you observe?........................

r. III........ I. f111P Ring ja Candle A....... Responding variable : . What is your conclusion? A...28 4 H E AT 4..... Next..2 UNDERSTANDING THE EFFECTS OF HEAT ON MATTER Circle the correct answer....... The figure below shows the metal ball being heated.... Manipulated variable : II.... 1... put the ball through the ring..OF HOTNESS 4.............. Why does this happen? A...1 UNDERSTANDING THAT TEMPERATURE IS AN INDICATOR OF DEGREE f'-'* r. Controlled variable Metal ball . State the variables in the experiment. It cannot go through.

Metal ball @ PENERBIT SERI SANJUNG SDN. BHD. (574018-T) .

The figure below shows two beakers R and S containing sand.11 3 . What happens to the level of mercury in the termometer? A. The thermometers in both of the beakers show a difference in temperature.2 UNDERSTANDING THE EFFECTS OF HEAT ON MATTER 28 0 Circle the correct answer. A thermometer is put into beaker P. What conclusion can you make from@this experiment? PENERBIT SERI SANJUNG S D N . 13 1 .4 H E AT 4. Thermometer Hot water A. the thermometer is put into beaker T which contains ice water. which contains hot water. 2. (5 7 4 0 18 . . The temperature goes up to 38°C. Next.T ) 3.1 UNDERSTANDING THAT TEMPERATURE IS AN INDICATOR OF DEGREE OF HOTNESS 4.

What is your conclusion? Sand Ice water . Which beaker has a higher temperature? A.A.

4 H E AT 4. Why is it so? . The figure below shows the conditions of telephone cables at a different time of the day.2 UNDERSTANDING THE EFFECTS OF HEAT ON MATTER 29 E~ Answer the following questions. 1.

(574018•T) . BHD.Day 0"0*4%1 Night ow" "r 0"Oft"4F @ PENERBIT SERI SANJUNG SDN.

.. running hot water onto it.. C.............2 UNDERSTANDING THE EFFECTS OF HEAT ON MATTER 29 I& Circle the correct answer. the railway track from becoming crooked........... it is left in the sun for a long time. What is the function of the rollers at one end of the bridge? A.. To allow the bridge to expand on hot days.. The following are built on the principle of expansion... C..... power lines.. railway tracks.......... The figure below shows a pipe with an expansion loop. D. A. The bridge can be removed easily. steel bridge... D. A tightly fastened metal cover of a bottle can be opened when.... prevent rusting. A... D.. 6.. The gaps at the railway track allows expansion during hot days to prevent ........... The function of the loop is to ..... allow water to flow through easily... D.............. 3.. B.... A.. houses.......4 H E AT 4.... The figure below shows a steel bridge.... C.. 5.... C....... twisting it with a piece of cloth...... To reduce accidents at the bridge. the railway track from snapping... B.. except.......... the railway track from falling apart.. the railway track from cracking....... ... C.. 2..... Easy to repair the bridge... B. A..... 4...... putting ice cubes on it.. B..

A. D. 131. (5 740 18.T) .113 . prevent people from stepping on it. allow the pipe to expand without breaking. @ P EN ER BIT S E RI SA NJUNG SDN .

BHD. 1. 1. LIQUID OR GAS 30 A.1 UNDERSTANDING THAT MATTER EXIST IN THE FORM OF SOLID. Solids have no shapes. 1. Matter is anything that has mass and occupies space. Write true or false.@0 INVESTIGATING MATERIALS 0 1 STATES OF MATTER 1. Non-living things are not matters. 3. (574018-T) . @ PENERBIT SERI SANJUNG SDN. 2. The mass of an object always stays the same. Solid has mass.

.

025 kg C. When 20 g of sugar is poured into an empty beaker with a mass of 24 g. 20 ml C.1 UNDERSTANDING THAT MATTER EXIST IN THE FORM OF SOLID. find the mass of the stone.015 kg 2 .30 ~i nl~i il4c%1 INVESTIGATING MATERIALS u y 0 1 STATES OF MATTER 1. 0. . LIQUID OR GAS V B. 34 g C. 0. What is the mass of the beaker now? A. 30 ml D. Solids have fixed shapes. Circle the correct answer. Solids have fixed volume. 0. B. A. 44 g D.0115 kg What inference can you make from the above activity? A. 40 g 2. 10 ml B. 0. 4 g B.Beaker 20 g Soil 135 g A.115 kg Vegetabl es D. what is the mass of the soil in the beaker? . Based on the figure below. 40 ml 2. 1 . Water 30 ml Wat er Based on the above figure. A.

@ PENERBIT SERI SANJUNG SDN.B. BHD. (574018-T) . Solids have fixed mass. C. Solids have no mass and volume.

Based on the figure below. B. A. what inference can you make about liquid? A. LIQUID OR GAS 31 Circle the correct answer.1 STATES OF MATTER 1. Liquid follows the shape of its container. 1. Liquid 100 ml Water . A. Liquid has fixed shapes.1 UNDERSTANDING THAT MATTER EXIST IN THE FORM OF SOLID. Liquid has fixed mass. Liquid has fixed volume.

III. 131-113. A. Liquid occupies space. Liquid has fixed volume. 100 MI Water 100 MI Wate r The above figure shows three containers filled with the same amount of water. Liquid follows the shape of its container. Liquid flows from a higher to a lower place. D. I and III only. IV. I and II only. I. B.2. (574018-T) . II. II and III only. II and IV only. What is the conclusion to the above experiment? I. @ PENERBIT SERI SANJUNG SDN. I. C.

1 UNDERSTANDING THAT MATTER EXIST IN THE FORM OF SOLID. 4. 0. 0. Solid fills up space. The water is then poured into container T as shown. . LIQUID OR GAS 31 C i rc l e t h e c o rre c t a ns w e r. Water Water A measuring cylinder is filled with 80 ml of water. What is the volume of the water in the container T? A. C. 0. 8. Liquid has fixed mass.008 litre.0 litre. D.8 litre. the mass of the glass increases to 19 g What can you conclude from the above experiment? A. Glass Water The mass of the glass is 13 g. Liquid takes the shape of its container. D. 3.08 litre. When the glass is filled with water.1 STATES OF MATTER 1. B. Study the figure below and answer the following questions. C. Liquid can be compressed. B.

I @ PENERBIT SERI SANJUNG SDN. 131-113. (574018-T) .

B...... gas has fixed volume..... D...1 STATES OF MATTER 1. The figure above shows that.......1 UNDERSTANDING THAT MATTER EXIST IN THE FORM OF SOLID..... The figure below shows two balloons.. gas can be compressed.. C. 2......... What can you infer from the experiment? . A.... gas has mass.... gas has no fixed shape....... LIQUID OR GAS 32 I... C i rc l e t h e c o rre c t a ns w e r......

I. I and Ill only.113 . D. @ PEN ER BIT SERI SA NJUNG SDN . I and 11 only. Gas can be compressed. Gas has mass. II and Ill. Y II. A. Gas occupies space. 11 and Ill only. 131.I. III. B. (5 740 i8•T) . C.

.... 4 Needle A B The figure above shows two balloons on a beam..........1 UNDERSTANDING THAT MATTER EXIST IN THE FORM OF SOLID.......... -... Balloon B is pricked with a needle...... .... gas has mass.32 0 1 STATES OF MATTER 1. liquid has fixed volume. 1 11 D.Or C. 4... which of the following shows the correct situation of the balloons? A. 3.. C. A.. gas occupies space... B....... liquid can be compressed.... LIQUID OR GAS C i rc l e t h e c o rre c t a n s w e r. A..... 000 . The figure above shows that ...

(574018-T) .@ PENERBIT SERI SANJUNG SDN. 131-113.

D. R. i hl P A) P. R R D) P. Oil. B. C. Circle the correct answer. Which of the following flows faster? A.1 UNDERSTANDING THAT MATTER EXIST IN THE FORM OF SOLID. 1. Which of the following liquid flows the fastest? Arrange from the slowest to the fastest. Q. r 1. P. Q C) Q.33 r 1 STATES OF MATTER 19 1. Q B) P. Glue. BHD. LIQUID OR GAS QA. (574018-T) . R. Tomato sauce. Water. R @ PENERBIT SERI SANJUNG SDN.

.

...33 r 1 STATES OF MATTER 1..............1 UNDERSTANDING THAT MATTER EXIST IN THE FORM OF SOLID........... LIQUID OR GAS 19 B.. flows slower than ...... Fill in the blanks correctly.................. flows faster than • i "1:87 Water Petrol .. Glu Shampoo 1...... .... '0 juice Orange CocoCoconut milk 2...

...............3....................... ........ @ PENERBIT SERI SANJUNG SDN. (574018-T) ................ BHD. flows slower than ..

Boiling. D.2 UNDERSTANDING THAT MATTER CAN CHANGE FROM ONE STATE TO ANOTHER 34 4? Circle the correct answer. 2. Iviellmy. Ice The figure above shows a few pieces of ice being added to a cup of tea. C. The ice melted. Water vapour found at the side of the cup. 2. Which of the following statements is true about it after a few minutes of observation? A. The hot tea become less hot. Evaporation.1 STATES OF MATTER 1. D. The volume of the hot tea become less. B. what process had taken place? A. When ice changes to water. Ice I ________ > Water What changes is involved in the process shown above? . C. D.

C PENERBIT SERI SANJUNG SDN. (574018-T) . Colour. Size. Temperature. BHD. B.A. D. C. Shape.

D. S. P Water droplets formed on the outer surface of the glass because A. R. Arrange the containers according to the amount of water left in the container from the most to the least. P. S. Circle the correct answer. Q. the ice in The glass melted. @ PENERBIT SERI SANJUNG SDN.1 STATES OF MATTER 1.2 UNDERSTANDING THAT MATTER CAN CHANGE FROM ONE STATE TO ANOTHER 34 0 4. (574018-T) . B. P C. They are left in the Sun for a few hours. C. Q. the ice in the glass evaporated. Q. S D. 131-113. S 4. the water can go through the beaker when ice melts. The figure below shows four containers containing the same amount of water. P. R. B. the water vapour in the air condenses to become water. Q. R. S A. R.

.

........1 STATES OF MATTER 1................................ Controlled variable : ............ 1.............. State the variables in the experiment I......... Manipulated variable :..................... II......... Figure shows an experiment.................................................................................. Describe the stages: T U V 2............. Responding variable :........................................................................ .................................2 UNDERSTANDING THAT MATTER CAN CHANGE FROM ONE STATE TO ANOTHER 35 C) (A) Answer the following question... I..............

@ PENERBIT SERI SANJUNG SDN. BHD. (574018-T) .

I STATES OF MATTER 1.2 UNDERSTANDING THAT MATTER CAN CHANGE FROM ONE STATE TO ANOTHER

35
(B) Circle the correct answer.
Based on the figure above, what is the conclusion of the observation?

A. T dries up faster. A. U dries up faster. B. Both dry up at the same time. C. T takes a longer time to dry up. 2. What is the intention of drying fish or tea leaves in the Sun? A. To make the food more tasty. A. To preserve the food. B. To kill bacteria. C. To add colour to the food. 3. How is milk powder processed? A. By drying in the sun. A. By blowing with a fan. B. By boiling. C. By evaporation.
@ PENERBIT SERI SANJUNG SDN. BHD. (574018-T)

1.

I STATES OF MATTER 1.2 UNDERSTANDING THAT MATTER CAN CHANGE FROM ONE STATE TO ANOTHER

36
(A) Answer the following questions.
1. The figure shows two pieces of equally damp handkerchieves. One is left in the laboratory.
in

the Sun while the other is

(A) State the variables of the above experiment. I. Manipulated variable : II. Responding variable : II. Constant variable : (B) What is the observation of the experiment.

(B)

What is the conclusion to the experiment?

(574018-T) .@) PENERBIT SERI SANJUNG SDN. BHD.

Manipulated variable : II. (A) What is the aim of the experiment? (A) State the variables of the above experiment.1 S TAT E S O F M AT T E R 1. I. The figure below shows a damp towel placed under a moving fan. Constant variable : (C) What is the observation of the experiment? (D) What is the conclusion to the experiment? @ PENERBIT SERI SANJUNG SON. (574018-T) . While an equally damp towel is kept in a cupboard. BHD.2 UNDERSTANDING THAT MATTER CAN CHANGE FROM ONE STATE TO ANOTHER 36 V (A) Answer the following questions. 2. Responding variable III.

.

B... Freezing. 3.1 S TAT E S O F M AT T E R 1.. D... C....... Name the process for the change of the above figure....... I and Ill only.. 11 and Ill only.... I.... Melting.. 11 and Ill. f .. III... D..... A. 2..... I and 11 only. C. Condensation. A.. quick process.... liquid changes to gas. B....2 UNDERSTANDING THAT MATTER CAN CHANGE FROM ONE STATE TO ANOTHER 37 Circle the correct answer... Boiling.. Study the table below and state which is wrongly paired... The two similarities found in the process of boiling and evaporation are. absorption of heat. II... I... Process Condensation Freezing Evaporation Melting Change in state Gas —> Liquid Liquid Liquid Liquid -> Solid Gas Solid ...

A B C D @ PENERBIT SERI SANJUNG SDN. BHD. (5740U.T) .

Process I is melting. The process of freezing happens at Liquid IV GasGas Solid A.2 UNDERSTANDING THAT MATTER CAN CHANGE FROM ONE STATE TO ANOTHER 37 V Circle the correct answer. which of the following statements are correct about it? I. @ PENERBIT SERI SANJUNG SDN. Liquid C. 5. III. III. I. D. I and Ill only. (574018-T) . Water Based on the above figure. I and 11 only. 11. IV. B. I.1 S TAT E S O F M AT T E R 1. II and III only. Process III is boiling. B. Process II is boiling. 11 and Ill only. C. IV. Process IV is evaporation. BHD. D. II. A.

Water Steam Ice 4. .

...... 1........ BHD................ A What is process R and T? Process R ............... The above figure shows a water cycle .......... tt Se 2..... (57401B-T) .... IProcess T I Process R 1........ What is the form of water in S? How is U formed? @ PENERBIT SERI SANJUNG SDN.....3 UNDERSTANDING THE WATER CYCLE L_____________________________________________________________________________________________A 19 C(A) Answer the following questions......38 r 1 STATES OF MATTER 1............. Process T ..........

.

Condensation U After a rain. Based on the figure below. S and T only. @ P E N E R B IT S E R I SA N JU N G S D N . The level of hot water rises. The hot water becomes ice. R and S only. R . R only. 13 1 . (5 7 4 0 18 . The ice becomes water. U only.1 STATES OF MATTER 1.Melting T . B. Water vapour is formed at the bottom of the dish. what is observed? A. there are puddles of water on the ground.Evaporation S . A. B. D.11 3 . When the sun comes out. 2.3 UNDERSTANDING THE WATER CYCLE 38 ( B ) C i r c l e t h e c o r r e c t a n s w e r.T ) . C. this process happens. A. C.

II and III only. 1. Which of the following activities can decrease water pollution? A. Charge those who pollute the rivers... D.... C... A.... Recycling materials... Ill and IV only. Tuberculosis.. I and III only.. 5.... kills aquatic life. Stop factories from dumping their chemical wastes into rivers. building more factories. I... B.. Dengue. I.. B.. can cause skin diseases. Hold campaigns to educate the people on the importance of clean water resources..... If we do not keep our water resources clean. which of the following diseases can be easily spread? A. I. C. I and III only.. not dumping rubbish into rivers. 4.. Cholera. D... Using chemical fertilizers... C. Polluted water. D. may contain harmful chemicals.. C. B.. Encourage the farmers to use more fertilizers.4 APPRECIATING THE IMPORTANCE OF WATER RESOURCES 39 e A . III. I and II only. planting more trees. C i r c l e t h e c o r r e c t a n s w e r.. 3. Which of the followings can improve water resources? I...1 STATES OF MATTER 1. 2. A.... II and III..... C. B. Implement rules to prevent people from polluting the rivers... III. II and IV only..... A. Flu.. B.. . I. treating the water with chemicals. D.... Water pollution can be prevented by A. Building more factories.. 11.. I and II only. II.

(574018-T) . BHD.@ PENERBIT SERI SANJUNG SDN.

....... Answer these questions : 1............. BHD...... (574018-T) ...1 STATES OF MATTER 1..........(B) Why is it important to keep our water resources clean? 1.. ..... (A).... State two activities that can destroy Earth resources.4 APPRECIATING THE IMPORTANCE OF WATER RESOURCES 39 B...... @ PENERBIT SERI SANJUNG SDN...........................................

A. Substance P is tested with a red litmus paper. C. Red litmus turns blue Substance P What is substance P? A. C. Whether the substance is alkaline. Whether the substance is hot. Detergent solution. what is investigated? A. ALKALINE AND NEUTRAL SUBSTANCES A. B. 2. C i rc l e t h e c o rre c t a n s w e r.1 UNDERSTANDING THE PROPERTIES OF ACIDIC. The litmus paper turns blue. Whether the substance is acidic. Substance X Blue litmus turns red Based on the above figure. Vinegar. Whether the substance is neutral. B.4 0 2 ACID AND ALKALI 2. Pineapple juice. Milk. D. .

T ) .@ P E N E R B IT S E R I SA N JU N G S D N .11 3 . (5 7 4 0 18 . 13 1 .

..... Chinese tea... Study the table below and detect which is wrongly matched.. 4. What is substance X? A... B. ... water.... C.. Blue litmus Substance P Based on the above figure. salt solution. 5.. no change is recorded. Lemonade. B. the blue litmus paper will turn red if substance P is .... B. ALKALINE AND NEUTRAL SUBSTANCES 40 A. 3.. Substance Honey Sugar solution Toothpaste Lime juice Changes Blue litmus Red litmus Red litmus Blue litmus Red Blu e Blu e Red A.... D. D. soap solution. C. Mango juice.. Orange juice.1 UNDERSTANDING THE PROPERTIES OF ACIDIC. Milk.2 AC I D AN D AL KAL I 2. A. After investigation with litmus papers.. Circle the correct answer.. A..

T ) . 13 1 .C.11 3 . @ P E N E R B IT S E R I SA N JU N G S D N . (5 7 4 0 18 .

1 UNDERSTANDING THE PROPERTIES OF ACIDIC. Investigate and fill in the blanks with the correct information. ALKALINE AND NEUTRAL SUBSTANCES L________________________________________________ @ PENERBIT SERI SANJUNG SDN. 2 AC ID AN D A L KA LI 2. MD. MW Substance 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 Vinegar Porridge Green apple Coffee Syrup Orange juice Chinese tea Honey Bitter gourd juice Coca-cola Colour changes of litmus paper Inference Taste F.41 A. (574018-T) .

.

.. 131. Sour taste Blue litmus turns red Based on the above information..... II and III only. blue litmus white... salty..... Circle the correct answer.... B.. A.. Bitter gourd A... sour. blue litmus red..... Ill and IV.. ALKALINE AND NEUTRAL SUBSTANCES 41 B.. Vinegar IV......... bitter An unripe mango juice can turn a ... A. A. II............. sweet.T) . I...... 3.. C. 2. (5 740 18.. I and II only. II. B. C. Alkaline substances taste.. red litmus blue...1 UNDERSTANDING THE PROPERTIES OF ACIDIC.... white litmus blue. Lemon III... Syrup D....D..... I..... II and III only....113 .2 ACID AND ALKALI 2........... @ P EN ER BIT S E RI SA NJUNG SDN . B.. which of the following have the same characteristics as the above? I.. C. 1 ..

U 6 INVESTIGATING THE EARTH AND THE UNIVERSE 1 CONSTELLATION 1. (574018-T) . BHD. Big dipper Scorpion i Orion I The Southern Cross @ PENERBIT SERI SANJUNG SDN. Match.1 UNDERSTANDING THE CONSTELLATION 42 0 A.

.

. 2... B.. R.. north. II and IV only... I and II only..moan_ Which of the following is the smallest constellation? A..... II...... D. A. 42 0 The figure above always point towards the. The group of stars which form a pattern in the sky is called a ..1 UNDERSTANDING THE I 1 CONSTELLATION B... The Southern Cross D. 4. A.ron0p licitinnD. south. I and III only.satellite_ C.... 1. west. B.. 3.... Big Dipper A....... C... Orion.. B.. .... C. Circle the correct answer. east.. Scorpion IV... Which of the following constellations were used by ancient explorers to determine directions? I..... C. planet. Scorpion.... I and IV only. Orion III...J 60 IN VE ST IG AT IN G TH E EARTH AN D T H E 0 UNIVERSE 1. Big Dipper. The Southern Cross. D.........

© PENERBIT SERI SANJUNG SDN. 131-113. (574018-T) .

atmosphere B. 11 and Ill only.. BHD.... I... Which of the following shows the correct rotation of the Moon? A... Investigate and fill in the blanks with the correct information.. T takes 365 days to orbit around V. ocean Ill.. B.. 3. I and 11 only.. The Earth consists of .... I and III only.. THE MOON AND THE SUN 2. IV... (574018-T) .1 TH THE MOVEMENTS OF THE EARTH. Based on the figure below which of the following statements is not true? A.... U rotates on its own axis. C. 4 3 2 THE EARTH... I. A. V is the biggest star. 11 and IV. C. D.... THE MOON AND THE SUN 2..A. @ PENERBIT SERI SANJUNG SDN.. land 11. B.. T takes a day to complete one rotation on its own axis. 1. space D..

.

The Moon is not seen during the day time because the.... Mercury ) is the nearest planet to the Sun.. THE MOON AND THE SUN B...1 UNDERSTANDING THE MOVEMENTS OF THE EARTH. The Moon orbits around the . THE MOON AND THE SUN 2.............. The Moon takes ... Moon ).. 1.... The Earth rotates from the ( east. =IP ........ 1. The Moon gets its light from the... 2...... @ PENERBIT SERI SANJUNG SDN. constellation ).. The Moon rotates on its own axis from the.... to complete one rotation around the Earth......... ( Earth.... The rotation of the Earth around the Sun causes ( an eclipse...... (574018-T) C.....4 3 2 THE EARTH........ west) to the ( east......... to the. 5... BHD. the four seasons ). 3........... Fill in the blanks with the correct words..... The natural satellite of the Earth is the star. 3...... is too bright. 4.... 2.......... 5... Underline the correct answer. west ).. 4. A group of stars that form certain pattern in the sky is called ( planets...........

2 THE EARTH, THE MOON AND THE SUN 2.1 UNDERSTANDING THE MOVEMENTS OF THE EARTH, THE MOON AND THE SUN 2.2 UNDERSTANDING THE OCCURRENCE OF DAY AND NIGHT 2.3 UNDERSTANDING THE PHASES OF THE MOON

44

0

(A) Circle the correct answer.

1. Based on the figure below, which of the following statements is true about it?

A. A. B. B.

Part R is night. Part T receives the most sunlight. Part S and U do not receive any sunlight. Part S and U receive less sunlight than T.

2. The figure below shows the phases of the Moon. Arrange the phases correctly.

P

A . P, Q, R, S.

9 1
B. Q, R, S, P.

R

C. S, R, P, Q.

O

S

D. R, S, P, Q.

@ PENERBIT SERI SANJUNG SDN. BHD. (574018-T)

44

2 THE EARTH, THE MOON AND THE SUN 2.1 UNDERSTANDING THE MOVEMENTS OF THE EARTH, THE MOON AND THE SUN 2.2 UNDERSTANDING THE OCCURRENCE OF DAY AND NIGHT 2.3 UNDERSTANDING THE PHASES OF THE MOON

(A) Circle the correct answer.
3. The figure below shows a tree.

Which of the following shadow is formed at 10 o'clock in the morning? A. B. C. D.

amm

Amk000A diftwoold

3. Look at the figure below and choose the correct answer.

A. A crescent.

B. A half moon.

0

C. A new moon.

D. A full

@ PENERBIT SERI SANJUNG SDN. 131-113. (574018-T)

0 .