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‫ﺇﻥ ﺍﳊﻤﺪ ﷲ‪ ،‬ﳓﻤﺪﻩ‪ ،‬ﻭ ﻧﺴﺘﻌﻴﻨﻪ‪ ،‬ﻭ ﻧﺴﺘﻐﻔﺮﻩ‪ ،‬ﻭﻧﻌﻮﺫ ﺑﺎﷲ‪ ،‬ﻣﻦ ﺷﺮﻭﺭ ﺃﻧﻔﺴﻨﺎ‪ ،‬ﻭﻣﻦ ﺳـﻴﺌﺎﺕ‬
‫ﺃﻋﻤﺎﻟﻨﺎ‪ ،‬ﻣﻦ ﻳﻬﺪﻩ ﺍﷲ ﻓﻼ ﻣﻀﻞ ﻟﻪ‪ ،‬ﻭﻣﻦ ﻳﻀﻠﻞ ﻓﻼ ﻫﺎﺩﻱ ﻟﻪ‪.‬‬
‫ﻭﺃﺷﻬﺪ ﺃﻥ ﻻ ﺇﻟﻪ ﺇﻻ ﺍﷲ ﻭﺣﺪﻩ ﻻ ﺷﺮﻳﻚ ﻟﻪ‪ .‬ﻭﺃﺷﻬﺪ ﺃﻥ ﳏﻤﺪﹰﺍ ﻋﺒﺪﻩ ﻭﺭﺳﻮﻟﻪ  ‪.‬‬
‫ﺴ‪‬ﻠﻤ‪‬ﻮ ﹶﻥ‬
‫ﻳ‪‬ﺎﹶﺃ‪‬ﻳﻬ‪‬ﺎ ﺍﹼﻟﺬ‪‬ﻳ ‪‬ﻦ ﺁ ‪‬ﻣﻨ‪‬ﻮﹾﺍ ﺍ‪‬ﺗﻘﹸﻮﹾﺍ ﺍﻟﹼﻠ ‪‬ﻪ ‪‬ﺣ ‪‬ﻖ ﺗ‪‬ﻘﹶﺎ‪‬ﺗ ‪‬ﻪ ‪‬ﻭ ﹶﻻ‪‬ﺗﻤ‪‬ﻮ‪‬ﺗ ‪‬ﻦ ﹺﺇ ﹼﻻ ‪‬ﻭﹶﺃ‪‬ﻧ‪‬ﺘ ‪‬ﻢ ‪‬ﻣ ‪‬‬
‫ﺚ ‪‬ﻣ‪‬ﻨ ‪‬ﻬﻤ‪‬ـﺎ‬
‫ﺲ ﻭ‪‬ﺍ ‪‬ﺣ ‪‬ﺪ ‪‬ﺓ ‪‬ﻭ ‪‬ﺧﹶﻠ ‪‬ﻖ ﻣ‪‬ﻨﻬ‪‬ﺎ ‪‬ﺯ ‪‬ﻭ ‪‬ﺟﻬ‪‬ﺎ ‪‬ﻭﺑ‪‬ـ ﱠ‬
‫ﻱ ‪‬ﺧﹶﻠ ﹶﻘ ﹸﻜ ‪‬ﻢ ‪‬ﻣ ‪‬ﻦ ‪‬ﻧ ﹾﻔ ﹴ‬
‫ﺱ ﺍ‪‬ﺗ ﹸﻘﻮ‪‬ﺍ ‪‬ﺭ‪‬ﺑ ﹸﻜ ‪‬ﻢ ﺍﱠﻟ ‪‬ﺬ ‪‬‬
‫ﻳ‪‬ﺂﹶﺃ‪‬ﻳﻬ‪‬ﺎ ﺍﻟﻨ‪‬ﺎ ‪‬‬
‫ﻱ ‪‬ﺗﺴ‪‬ﺂ َﺀﻟﹸﻮ ﹶﻥ ﹺﺑ ‪‬ﻪ ﻭ‪‬ﺍ َﻷ ‪‬ﺭﺣ‪‬ﺎ ‪‬ﻡ ﹺﺇ ﱠﻥ ﺍﻟﱠﻠ ‪‬ﻪ ﻛﹶﺎ ﹶﻥ ‪‬ﻋﹶﻠ‪‬ﻴ ﹸﻜ ‪‬ﻢ ‪‬ﺭ‪‬ﻗﻴ‪‬ﺒﹰﺎ‬
‫ﹺﺭﺟ‪‬ﺎ ﹰﻻ ﹶﻛ‪‬ﺜﻴ‪‬ﺮﹰﺍ ‪‬ﻭﹺﻧﺴ‪‬ﺂ ًﺀ ﻭ‪‬ﺍ‪‬ﺗ ﹸﻘﻮ‪‬ﺍ ﺍﻟﱠﻠ ‪‬ﻪ ﺍﱠﻟ ‪‬ﺬ ‪‬‬
‫ﺼ‪‬ﻠ ‪‬ﺢ ﹶﻟ ﹸﻜ ‪‬ﻢ ﹶﺃ ‪‬ﻋﻤ‪‬ﺎﹶﻟ ﹸﻜ ‪‬ﻢ ‪‬ﻭ‪‬ﻳ ‪‬ﻐ ‪‬ﻔ ‪‬ﺮ ﹶﻟ ﹸﻜ ‪‬ﻢ ﹸﺫﻧ‪‬ـﻮ‪‬ﺑ ﹸﻜ ‪‬ﻢ‬
‫ﻳ‪‬ﺎﹶﺃ‪‬ﻳﻬ‪‬ﺎ ﺍﹼﻟﺬ‪‬ﻳ ‪‬ﻦ ﺁ ‪‬ﻣﻨ‪‬ﻮﺍﹾ ﺍ‪‬ﺗﻘﹸﻮﹾﺍ ﺍﻟﹼﻠ ‪‬ﻪ ‪‬ﻭﻗﹸﻮﻟﹸﻮﹾﺍ ﹶﻗ ‪‬ﻮ ﹰﻻ ‪‬ﺳﺪ‪‬ﻳﺪﹰﺍ‪ .‬ﻳ ‪‬‬
‫‪‬ﻭﻣ‪‬ﻦ ‪‬ﻳ ‪‬ﻄ ﹺﻊ ﺍﻟﹼﻠ ‪‬ﻪ ‪‬ﻭ ‪‬ﺭﺳ‪‬ﻮﹶﻟ ‪‬ﻪ ﹶﻓ ﹶﻘ ‪‬ﺪ ﻓﹶﺎ ‪‬ﺯ ﹶﻓﻮ‪‬ﺯﹰﺍ ‪‬ﻋﻈ‪‬ﻴﻤﹰﺎ‪.‬‬
‫ﺃﻣﺎ ﺑﻌﺪ‪:‬‬
‫ﻓﺈﻥ ﺃﺻﺪﻕ ﺍﻟﻜﻼﻡ ﻛﻼﻡ ﺍﷲ‪ ،‬ﻭﺧﲑ ﺍﳍﺪﻱ ﻫﺪﻱ ﳏﻤﺪ‪ ،‬ﻭﺷ ‪‬ﺮ ﺍﻷﻣﻮﺭ ﳏﺪﺛﺎ‪‬ﺎ‪ ،‬ﻭﻛﻞ ﳏﺪﺛـﺔ‬
‫ﺑﺪﻋﺔ‪ ،‬ﻭﻛﻞ ﺑﺪﻋﺔ ﺿﻼﻟﺔ‪ ،‬ﻭﻛﻞ ﺿﻼﻟﺔ ﰲ ﺍﻟﻨﺎﺭ‪.‬‬
‫ﺃﻣ‪‬ﺎ ﺑﻌﺪ‪:‬‬
‫ﻓﻬﺬﻩ ﻣﻘﺎﻻﺕ ﲨﻌﺘﻬﺎ ﻋﻠﻰ ﻧﺴﻖ ﻭﺍﺣﺪ ﻟﺘﺄﺧﺬ ﻫﻴﺌﺔ ﺍﻟﺒﺤﺚ‪ ،‬ﻭﻫﻲ ﺑﻌﻨﻮﺍﻥ ‪:‬‬
‫ﺍﻹﺳﻼﻡ ﻋﻠﻰ ﻣﻔﺘﺮﻕ ﻃﺮﻕ‬
‫ﺃﺭﺟﻮ ﺍﷲ ﺳﺒﺤﺎﻧﻪ ﻭﺗﻌﺎﱃ ﺃﻥ ﻳﺘﻘﺒﻠﻬﺎ ﺧﺎﻟﺼﺔ ﻟﻮﺟﻬﻪ ﺍﻟﻜﺮﱘ ﻭﺩﺍﻋﻴﺔ ﺇﱃ ﺳﻨﺔ ﻧﺒﻴـﻪ ﺍﻟـﺮﺅﻭﻑ‬
‫ﺍﻟﺮﺣﻴﻢ ‪.‬‬
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‫ﻳﺮﻯ ﺍﹾﻟﻤ‪‬ﺴﻠﻢ ﻓ‪‬ﻲ ﻫﺬﺍ ﺍﻟﻌﺼﺮ ﺍﺧﺘﻼﻓﹰﺎ ﻛﺜﲑ‪‬ﺍ ﺣ‪‬ﻴﺜﻤ‪‬ﺎ ‪‬ﻭﺟ‪‬ﻪ ﻭﺟﻬﻪ‪ ،‬ﺳﻮﺍﺀ ﻓ‪‬ﻲ ﺑﺎﺏ‬
‫‪‬ﻣﺴ‪‬ﺎﺋﻞ ﺍﻟﻔﻘﻪ ﻣﻦ ﻋﺒﺎﺩﺍﺕ ﻭ ‪‬ﻣﻌ‪‬ﺎﻣ‪‬ﻼﺕ‪ ،‬ﺃﻡ ﻓ‪‬ﻲ ‪‬ﻣﻨ‪‬ﺎﻫﺞ ﺍﻟ ‪‬ﺪ ‪‬ﻋﻮ‪‬ﺓ‪ ،‬ﺃﻡ ﻓ‪‬ﻲ ﻏﲑ ﺫﻟﻚ!!‬
‫ﻭﻳ‪‬ﻘﻒ ﺑﻌﺾ ﺍﹾﻟﻤ‪‬ﺴﻠﻤﲔ ﺃﻣﺎﻡ ﻫﺬﺍ ﺍﻻﺧﺘﻼﻑ ﺍﻟﻜﺜﲑ ﺣﺎﺋﺮﻳﻦ ‪‬ﻣﺘ‪‬ﺮﺩ‪‬ﺩﻳﻦ؛ ﺇﺫ ﺇ ﱠﻥ‬
‫ﻋﻠﻰ ﻛﻞ ﻣﻔﺮﻕ ‪‬ﺩﻋ‪‬ﺎﺓ ﻳ‪‬ﺰﻳ‪‬ﻨﻮﻧﻪ‪ ،‬ﻭﻳ‪‬ﺴﺘ‪‬ﺪﻟﻮﻥ ﻟﻪ‪ ،‬ﻭ‪‬ﻳﻠﹶﺒﺴ‪‬ﻮﻥ ﻣﺎ ﻟﺪﻳﻬﻢ ﻣﻦ ﺍﻟﺒﺎﻃﻞ ﺑﺸﻲﺀ ﻣﻦ‬
‫ﺤﻖ‪ ،‬ﻓﻼ ﻳﻜﺎﺩ ﻳﺒﲔ!!‬
‫ﺍﹾﻟ ‪‬‬
‫ﺤﺠ‪‬ﺔ‪ ،‬ﻓﻤﺎ‬
‫ﻭﻗﺪ ﺑﻴ‪‬ﻦ ﺍﻟ ‪‬ﺮﺳ‪‬ﻮﻝ ‪-‬ﺻﻠﻮﺍﺕ ﺭﺑ‪‬ﻲ ﻭﺳﻼﻣﻪ ﻋﻠﻴﻪ‪ -‬ﺍﻟﺴﺒﻴﻞ ﻭﺃﻭﺿﺢ ﺍﹾﻟ ‪‬ﻤ ‪‬‬
‫ﺼﺮ‪‬ﺍﻁ‬
‫ﺗﺮﻛﻨﺎ ﺇ ﱠﻻ ‪‬ﻋﻠﹶﻰ ﻣﺜﻞ ﺍﻟﺒﻴﻀﺎﺀ‪ ،‬ﻟﻴﻠﻬﺎ ﻛﻨﻬﺎﺭﻫﺎ ﻻ ﻳﺰﻳﻎ ﻋﻨﻬﺎ ﺇﻻ ﻫﺎﻟﻚ‪ ،‬ﻓﺄﻭﺿﺢ ﺍﻟ ‪‬‬
‫ﺍﹾﻟﻤ‪‬ﺴﺘﻘﻴﻢ‪﴿ :‬‬
‫﴾ ]ﺍﻷﻧﻌﺎﻡ‪.[١٥٣:‬‬

‫ﺻﻠﱠﻰ ﺍﻟﱠﻠ ‪‬ﻪ ‪‬ﻋﹶﻠ‪‬ﻴ ‪‬ﻪ ‪‬ﻭ ‪‬ﺳﱠﻠ ‪‬ﻢ ‪‬ﻳ ‪‬ﻮﻣ‪‬ﺎ ‪‬ﺑ ‪‬ﻌ ‪‬ﺪ ﺻ‪‬ـﻠﹶﺎ ‪‬ﺓ‬
‫ﺽ ‪‬ﺑ ﹺﻦ ﺳ‪‬ﺎ ﹺﺭ‪‬ﻳ ﹶﺔ ﻗﹶﺎ ﹶﻝ‪ " :‬ﻭ ‪‬ﻋ ﹶﻈﻨ‪‬ﺎ ‪‬ﺭﺳ‪‬ﻮ ﹸﻝ ﺍﻟﱠﻠ ‪‬ﻪ ‪‬‬
‫‪‬ﻋ ‪‬ﻦ ﺍﹾﻟ ‪‬ﻌ ‪‬ﺮﺑ‪‬ﺎ ﹺ‬
‫ﺏ ﹶﻓﻘﹶﺎ ﹶﻝ‪ :‬ﺭ ‪‬ﺟ ﹲﻞ ﹺﺇ ﱠﻥ ‪‬ﻫ ‪‬ﺬ ‪‬ﻩ ‪‬ﻣ ‪‬ﻮ ‪‬ﻋ ﹶﻈ ﹸﺔ‬
‫ﺖ ‪‬ﻣ‪‬ﻨﻬ‪‬ﺎ ﺍﹾﻟ ﹸﻘﻠﹸﻮ ‪‬‬
‫ﺖ ‪‬ﻣ‪‬ﻨﻬ‪‬ﺎ ﺍﹾﻟ ‪‬ﻌﻴ‪‬ﻮ ﹸﻥ ‪‬ﻭ ‪‬ﻭ ﹺﺟﹶﻠ ‪‬‬
‫ﺍﹾﻟﻐ‪‬ﺪ‪‬ﺍ ‪‬ﺓ ‪‬ﻣ ‪‬ﻮ ‪‬ﻋ ﹶﻈ ﹰﺔ ‪‬ﺑﻠ‪‬ﻴ ‪‬ﻐ ﹰﺔ ﹶﺫ ‪‬ﺭﹶﻓ ‪‬‬
‫ﺴ ‪‬ﻤ ﹺﻊ ﻭ‪‬ﺍﻟﻄﱠﺎ ‪‬ﻋ ‪‬ﺔ ‪‬ﻭﹺﺇ ﹾﻥ ‪‬ﻋﺒ‪‬ـ ‪‬ﺪ‬
‫ﻉ ﹶﻓﻤ‪‬ﺎﺫﹶﺍ ‪‬ﺗ ‪‬ﻌ ‪‬ﻬ ‪‬ﺪ ﹺﺇﹶﻟ‪‬ﻴﻨ‪‬ﺎ ﻳ‪‬ﺎ ‪‬ﺭﺳ‪‬ﻮ ﹶﻝ ﺍﻟﱠﻠ ‪‬ﻪ ﻗﹶﺎ ﹶﻝ ﺃﹸﻭﺻ‪‬ﻴ ﹸﻜ ‪‬ﻢ ﹺﺑ‪‬ﺘ ﹾﻘﻮ‪‬ﻯ ﺍﻟﱠﻠ ‪‬ﻪ ﻭ‪‬ﺍﻟ ‪‬‬
‫‪‬ﻣ ‪‬ﻮ ‪‬ﺩ ﹴ‬
‫ﺿﻠﹶﺎﹶﻟ ﹲﺔ ﹶﻓ ‪‬ﻤ ‪‬ﻦ‬
‫ﺕ ﺍﹾﻟﹸﺄﻣ‪‬ﻮ ﹺﺭ ﹶﻓﹺﺈ‪‬ﻧﻬ‪‬ﺎ ‪‬‬
‫ﺤ ‪‬ﺪﺛﹶﺎ ‪‬‬
‫ﺶ ‪‬ﻣ‪‬ﻨ ﹸﻜ ‪‬ﻢ ﻳ‪‬ﺮ‪‬ﻯ ﺍ ‪‬ﺧ‪‬ﺘﻠﹶﺎﻓﹰﺎ ﹶﻛ‪‬ﺜﲑ‪‬ﺍ ‪‬ﻭﹺﺇﻳ‪‬ﺎ ﹸﻛ ‪‬ﻢ ‪‬ﻭ ‪‬ﻣ ‪‬‬
‫ﺸ ‪‬ﻲ ﹶﻓﹺﺈ‪‬ﻧ ‪‬ﻪ ‪‬ﻣ ‪‬ﻦ ‪‬ﻳ ‪‬ﻌ ‪‬‬
‫‪‬ﺣ‪‬ﺒ ‪‬‬
‫ﲔ ﻋ‪‬ـﻀ‪‬ﻮﺍ ‪‬ﻋﹶﻠ‪‬ﻴﻬ‪‬ـﺎ‬
‫ﺨﹶﻠﻔﹶـﺎ ِﺀ ﺍﻟﺮ‪‬ﺍﺷ‪‬ـﺪ‪‬ﻳ ‪‬ﻦ ﺍﹾﻟ ‪‬ﻤﻬ‪‬ـ ‪‬ﺪ‪‬ﻳ ‪‬‬
‫ﺴ‪‬ﻨﺘ‪‬ﻲ ‪‬ﻭ ‪‬ﺳ‪‬ﻨ ‪‬ﺔ ﺍﹾﻟ ‪‬‬
‫ﻚ ‪‬ﻣ‪‬ﻨ ﹸﻜ ‪‬ﻢ ﹶﻓ ‪‬ﻌﹶﻠ‪‬ﻴ ‪‬ﻪ ﹺﺑ ‪‬‬
‫ﹶﺃ ‪‬ﺩ ‪‬ﺭ ‪‬ﻙ ﹶﺫ‪‬ﻟ ‪‬‬
‫ﺑﹺﺎﻟ‪‬ﻨﻮ‪‬ﺍ ﹺﺟ ‪‬ﺬ")‪.(١‬‬
‫ﺻﻠﱠﻰ ﺍﻟﱠﻠ ‪‬ﻪ ‪‬ﻋﹶﻠ‪‬ﻴ ‪‬ﻪ ‪‬ﻭ ‪‬ﺳﱠﻠ ‪‬ﻢ ‪‬ﺧﻄ‪‬ﺎ ﹸﺛ ‪‬ﻢ ﻗﹶـﺎ ﹶﻝ‪:‬‬
‫ﻂ ﹶﻟﻨ‪‬ﺎ ‪‬ﺭﺳ‪‬ﻮ ﹸﻝ ﺍﻟﱠﻠ ‪‬ﻪ ‪‬‬
‫ﺴﻌ‪‬ﻮ ‪‬ﺩ ﻗﹶﺎ ﹶﻝ‪ :‬ﺧ ﱠ‬
‫‪‬ﻋ ‪‬ﻦ ‪‬ﻋ‪‬ﺒ ‪‬ﺪ ﺍﻟﱠﻠ ‪‬ﻪ ‪‬ﺑ ﹺﻦ ‪‬ﻣ ‪‬‬

‫ﻂ ‪‬ﺧﻄﹸﻮﻃﹰﺎ ‪‬ﻋ ‪‬ﻦ ‪‬ﻳﻤ‪‬ﻴﹺﻨ ‪‬ﻪ ‪‬ﻭ ‪‬ﻋ ‪‬ﻦ ‪‬ﺷﻤ‪‬ﺎ‪‬ﻟ ‪‬ﻪ ﹸﺛ ‪‬ﻢ ﻗﹶﺎ ﹶﻝ‪ :‬ﻫ ‪‬ﺬ ‪‬ﻩ ‪‬ﺳ‪‬ﺒ ﹲﻞ ‪‬ﻣ‪‬ﺘ ﹶﻔﺮ‪ ‬ﹶﻗ ﹲﺔ ‪‬ﻋﻠﹶـﻰ‬
‫‪‬ﻫﺬﹶﺍ ‪‬ﺳﺒﹺﻴ ﹸﻞ ﺍﻟﻠﱠ ‪‬ﻪ‪ .‬ﹸﺛ ‪‬ﻢ ‪‬ﺧ ﱠ‬
‫)‪ (١‬ﺃﺧﺮﺟﻪ ﺃﲪﺪ ﰲ ﻣﺴﻨﺪﻩ )‪ ،(١٢٦/٤‬ﻭﺍﻟﺪﺍﺭﻣﻲ ﰲ ﻣﻘﺪﻣﺔ ﺳﻨﻨﻪ ﺑﺎﺏ ﺍﺗﺒﺎﻉ ﺍﻟﺴﻨﺔ‪ ،‬ﻭﺍﻟﺘﺮﻣـﺬﻱ ﰲ‬
‫ﻛﺘﺎﺏ ﺍﻟﻌﻠﻢ ﺑﺎﺏ ﻣﺎ ﺟﺎﺀ ﰲ ﺍﻷﺧﺬ ﺑﺎﻟﺴﻨﺔ ﻭﺍﺟﺘﻨﺎﺏ ﺍﻟﺒﺪﻉ‪ ،‬ﺣـﺪﻳﺚ ﺭﻗـﻢ )‪ ،(٢٦٧٦‬ﻭﻗـﺎﻝ‪:‬‬
‫"ﺣﺪﻳﺚ ﺣﺴﻦ ﺻﺤﻴﺢ"‪ ،‬ﻭﺍﺑﻦ ﻣﺎﺟﺔ ﰲ ﺍﳌﻘﺪﻣﺔ ﺑﺎﺏ ﺍﺗﺒﺎﻉ ﺳﻨﺔ ﺍﳋﻠﻔﺎﺀ ﺍﻟﺮﺍﺷﺪﻳﻦ ﺍﳌﻬﺪﻳﲔ‪ ،‬ﲢﺖ‬
‫ﺭﻗﻢ )‪.(٤٤ ،٤٢‬‬

‫ا
م  ق ق‬

‫‪٣‬‬

‫‬

‫ﺴ‪‬ﺘﻘ‪‬ﻴﻤ‪‬ﺎ ﻓﹶﺎﺗ‪‬ﹺﺒﻌ‪‬ﻮ ‪‬ﻩ ‪‬ﻭﻟﹶﺎ ‪‬ﺗﺘ‪‬ﹺﺒﻌ‪‬ﻮﺍ‬
‫ﺻﺮ‪‬ﺍﻃ‪‬ﻲ ‪‬ﻣ ‪‬‬
‫ﹸﻛﻞﱢ ‪‬ﺳﺒﹺﻴ ﹴﻞ ‪‬ﻣ ‪‬ﻨﻬ‪‬ﺎ ‪‬ﺷ ‪‬ﻴﻄﹶﺎ ﹲﻥ ‪‬ﻳ ‪‬ﺪﻋ‪‬ﻮ ﹺﺇﹶﻟ ‪‬ﻴﻪ‪ ،‬ﹸﺛ ‪‬ﻢ ﹶﻗ ‪‬ﺮﹶﺃ‪﴿ :‬ﹺﺇﻥﱠ ‪‬ﻫﺬﹶﺍ ‪‬‬
‫ﻕ ﹺﺑ ﹸﻜ ‪‬ﻢ ‪‬ﻋ ‪‬ﻦ ‪‬ﺳﺒﹺﻴ ‪‬ﻠ ‪‬ﻪ﴾")‪.(١‬‬
‫ﺍﻟﺴ‪‬ﺒ ﹶﻞ ﹶﻓ‪‬ﺘ ﹶﻔﺮ‪ ‬‬

‫ﻗﺎﻝ ﺍﺑﻦ ﺗﻴﻤﻴﺔ ‪ -‬ﺭ ‪‬ﺣﻤ‪‬ﻪ ﺍﷲ‪ -‬ﻓ‪‬ﻲ "ﻧﻘﺾ ﺍﹾﻟﻤ‪‬ﻨﻄﻖ" )ﺹ‪:(٤٩‬‬
‫"ﻭﺇﺫﺍ ﺗﺄ ‪‬ﻣﻞ ﺍﻟ ‪‬ﻌﺎﻗ ﹸﻞ ﺍﻟﺬﻱ ﻳﺮﺟﻮ ﻟﻘﺎﺀ ﺍﷲ ﻫﺬﺍ ﺍﹾﻟ ‪‬ﻤﹶﺜﺎﻝ‪ ،‬ﻭﺗﺄ ‪‬ﻣﻞ ﺳﺎﺋﺮ ﺍﻟﻄﻮﺍﺋﻒ ﻣﻦ‬
‫ﺠﻬﻤ‪‬ﻴﺔ‪ ،‬ﻭﺍﻟ ‪‬ﺮﺍﻓﻀﺔ‪ ،‬ﻭ ‪‬ﻣ ‪‬ﻦ ﺃﻗﺮﺏ ﻣﻨﻬﻢ ﺇﻟﹶﻰ ﺍﻟﺴ‪‬ﻨﺔ ﻣﻦ ﺃﻫﻞ‬
‫ﺨ ‪‬ﻮﺍﺭﺝ‪ ،‬ﹸﺛ ‪‬ﻢ ﺍﹾﻟ ‪‬ﻤﻌﺘﺰﻟﺔ‪ ،‬ﹸﺛ ‪‬ﻢ ﺍﹾﻟ ‪‬‬
‫ﺍﹾﻟ ‪‬‬
‫ﻼ ﻣﻨﻬﻢ ﻟﻪ ﺳﺒﻴﻞ ‪‬ﻳﺨﺮﺝ‬
‫ﺍﻟﻜﻼﻡ‪ ،‬ﻣﺜﻞ ﺍﻟﻜﺮﺍﻣ‪‬ﻴﺔ‪ ،‬ﻭﺍﻟﻜﻼﺑ‪‬ﻴﺔ‪ ،‬ﻭﺍﻷﺷﻌﺮﻳﺔ ﻭﻏﲑﻫﻢ‪ ،‬ﻭﺃ ﱠﻥ ﻛ ‪‬‬
‫ﺕ ﺃ‪‬ﻧ ‪‬ﻬﻢ‬
‫ﺼ ‪‬ﻮﺍﺏ؛ ‪‬ﻭ ‪‬ﺟ ‪‬ﺪ ‪‬‬
‫ﺤﺪﻳﺚ‪ ،‬ﻭ‪‬ﻳ ‪‬ﺪﻋﻲ ﺃﻥ ﺳﺒﻴﻠﻪ ﻫﻮ ﺍﻟ ‪‬‬
‫ﺤﺎﺑﺔ ﻭﺃﻫﻞ ﺍﹾﻟ ‪‬‬
‫ﺼ‪‬‬
‫ﺑﻪ ‪‬ﻋ ‪‬ﻤﺎ ﻋﻠﻴﻪ ﺍﻟ ‪‬‬
‫ﺼﻮﻡ‪ ،‬ﺍﻟﺬﻱ ﻻ ﻳﺘﻜﻠﻢ ﻋﻦ ﺍﹾﻟ ‪‬ﻬ ‪‬ﻮﻯ‪ ،‬ﺇﻥ ﻫﻮ ﺇﻻ‬
‫ﺍﹾﻟ ‪‬ﻤ ‪‬ﺮﺍﺩ ﹺﺑ ‪‬ﻬﺬﺍ ﺍﹾﻟ ‪‬ﻤﹶﺜﺎﻝ ﺍﻟﺬﻱ ﺿﺮﺑﻪ ﺍﹾﻟ ‪‬ﻤ ‪‬ﻌ ‪‬‬
‫ﻭﺣﻲ ﻳﻮﺣﻰ‪.‬‬
‫ﺤﺪﻳﺚ ‪-‬ﻻﺳﻴﻤﺎ ﻓ‪‬ﻲ‬
‫ﺼ ‪‬ﺮﺡ ﺑﺄ ﱠﻥ ﻋﻘﻠﻪ ﺇﺫﺍ ﻋﺎﺭﺿﻪ ﺍﹾﻟ ‪‬‬
‫ﻭﺍﻟﻌﺠﺐ ﺃ ﱠﻥ ﻣﻦ ﻫﺆﻻﺀ ‪‬ﻣ ‪‬ﻦ ‪‬ﻳ ‪‬‬
‫ﺤﺪﻳﺚ‪ ،‬ﻭﺟﻌﻞ‬
‫ﺻ ‪‬ﺮﺡ ﺑ‪‬ﺘﻘﺪ ‪‬ﻳ ‪‬ﻤ ‪‬ﻪ ﻋﻠﻰ ﺍﹾﻟ ‪‬‬
‫ﺤﺪﻳﺚ ﻋﻠﻰ ﻋﻘﻠﻪ‪ ،‬ﻭ ‪‬‬
‫ﺃﺧﺒﺎﺭ ﺍﻟﺼﻔﺎﺕ‪ -‬ﺣ ‪‬ﻤﻞ ﺍﹾﻟ ‪‬‬
‫ﻋﻘﻠﻪ ﻣﻴﺰﺍﻧ‪‬ﺎ ﻟﻠﺤﺪﻳﺚ‪ ،‬ﻓﻠﻴﺖ ﺷﻌﺮﻱ‪ :‬ﻫﻞ ﻋﻘﻠﻪ ﻫﺬﺍ ﻛﺎﻥ ﻣﺼ ‪‬ﺮﺣ‪‬ﺎ ﺑ‪‬ﺘﻘﺪ‪‬ﻳ ‪‬ﻤﻪ ﻓ‪‬ﻲ ﺍﻟﺸﺮﻳﻌﺔ‬
‫ﺤ ‪‬ﻤﺪ‪‬ﻳﺔ‪ ،‬ﻓﻴﻜﻮﻥ ﺍﻟﺴﺒﻴﻞ ﺍﹾﻟ ‪‬ﻤﺄﻣﻮﺭ ﺑﺎﺗﺒﺎﻋﻪ؟! ﺃﻡ ﻫﻮ ﻋﻘﻞ ﻣﺒﺘﺪﻉ ﺟﺎﻫﻞ ﺿﺎﻝ ﺣﺎﺋﺮ‬
‫ﺍﹾﻟ ‪‬ﻤ ‪‬‬
‫ﺧﺎﺭﺝ ﻋﻦ ﺍﻟﺴﺒﻴﻞ؟! ﻓﻼ ﺣﻮﻝ ﻭﻻ ﻗﻮﺓ ﺇﻻ ﺑﺎﷲ!!"‪ .‬ﺍ’‪.‬‬

‫ﺻﻠﱠﻰ ﺍﻟﱠﻠ ‪‬ﻪ ‪‬ﻋﹶﻠ‪‬ﻴ ‪‬ﻪ ‪‬ﻭ ‪‬ﺳﱠﻠ ‪‬ﻢ ﻗﹶﺎ ‪‬ﻡ‬
‫ﻭ ‪‬ﻋ ‪‬ﻦ ‪‬ﻣﻌ‪‬ﺎ ﹺﻭ‪‬ﻳ ﹶﺔ ‪‬ﺑ ﹺﻦ ﹶﺃﺑﹺﻲ ‪‬ﺳ ﹾﻔﻴ‪‬ﺎ ﹶﻥ ﹶﺃ‪‬ﻧ ‪‬ﻪ ﻗﹶﺎ ‪‬ﻡ ﻓ‪‬ﻴﻨ‪‬ﺎ ﻓﹶﻘﹶﺎ ﹶﻝ ﹶﺃﻟﹶﺎ ﹺﺇ ﱠﻥ ‪‬ﺭﺳ‪‬ﻮ ﹶﻝ ﺍﻟﱠﻠ ‪‬ﻪ ‪‬‬

‫ﲔ ‪‬ﻣﱠﻠ ﹰﺔ ‪‬ﻭﹺﺇ ﱠﻥ ﻫ‪‬ـ ‪‬ﺬ ‪‬ﻩ‬
‫ﺏ ﺍ ﹾﻓ‪‬ﺘ ‪‬ﺮﻗﹸﻮﺍ ‪‬ﻋﻠﹶﻰ ‪‬ﺛ‪‬ﻨ‪‬ﺘﻴ‪ ‬ﹺﻦ ‪‬ﻭ ‪‬ﺳ‪‬ﺒ ‪‬ﻌ ‪‬‬
‫ﻓ‪‬ﻴﻨ‪‬ﺎ ﹶﻓﻘﹶﺎ ﹶﻝ ‪" :‬ﹶﺃﻟﹶﺎ ﹺﺇ ﱠﻥ ‪‬ﻣ ‪‬ﻦ ﹶﻗ‪‬ﺒﹶﻠ ﹸﻜ ‪‬ﻢ ‪‬ﻣ ‪‬ﻦ ﹶﺃ ‪‬ﻫ ﹺﻞ ﺍﹾﻟ ‪‬ﻜﺘ‪‬ﺎ ﹺ‬
‫)‪ (١‬ﺃﺧﺮﺟﻪ ﺃﲪﺪ ﰲ ﺍﳌﺴﻨﺪ )‪ ،(٤٣٥،٤٦٥/١‬ﻭ ﺃﺧﺮﺟﻪ ﺍﻟﺪﺍﺭﻣﻲ ﰲ ﺳﻨﻨﻪ ﰲ ﺍﳌﻘﺪﻣﺔ‪ ،‬ﺑﺎﺏ ﰲ ﻛﺮﺍﻫﺔ‬
‫ﺃﺧﺬ ﺍﻟﺮﺃﻱ‪ ،‬ﻭﺍﺑﻦ ﺃﰊ ﻋﺎﺻﻢ ﰲ ﻛﺘﺎﺏ ﺍﻟﺴﻨﺔ )‪ ،(١٣/١‬ﻭﺍﺑﻦ ﺣﺒﺎﻥ )ﺍﻹﺣﺴﺎﻥ( )‪١٨١-١٨٠/١‬‬
‫ﲢﺖ ﺭﻗﻢ )‪ ،(٧-٦‬ﻭﺍﳊﺎﻛﻢ ﰲ ﺍﳌﺴﺘﺪﺭﻙ )‪.(٣١٨/٢‬‬
‫ﻭﺃﺧﺮﺟﻪ ﻋﻦ ﺟﺎﺑﺮ ﺑﻦ ﻋﺒﺪﺍﷲ ﺭﺿﻲ ﺍﷲ ﻋﻨﻬﻤﺎ‪ ،‬ﺍﺑﻦ ﻣﺎﺟﺔ ﰲ ﺍﳌﻘﺪﻣﺔ‪ ،‬ﺑﺎﺏ ﺍﺗﺒﺎﻉ ﺳﻨﺔ ﺭﺳﻮﻝ ﺍﷲ‬
‫ﺻﻠﻰ ﺍﷲ ﻋﻠﻴﻪ ﻭﺳﻠﻢ‪ ،‬ﺣﺪﻳﺚ ﺭﻗﻢ )‪ ،(١١‬ﻭﺍﺑﻦ ﺃﰊ ﻋﺎﺻﻢ ﰲ ﻛﺘﺎﺏ ﺍﻟﺴﻨﺔ )‪.(١٣/١‬‬
‫ﻭﺍﳊﺪﻳﺚ ﺻﺤﺤﻪ ﺍﺑﻦ ﺣﺒﺎﻥ‪ ،‬ﻭﺍﳊﺎﻛﻢ‪ ،‬ﻭﺣﺴﻦ ﺇﺳﻨﺎﺩﻩ ﳏﻘﻖ ﺍﻹﺣﺴﺎﻥ‪ ،‬ﻭﺻﺤﺤﻪ ﻟﻐﲑﻩ ﺍﻷﻟﺒﺎﱐ ﰲ‬
‫ﻇﻼﻝ ﺍﳉﻨﺔ )‪.(١٣/١‬‬

‫ا
م  ق ق‬

‫‪٤‬‬

‫‬

‫ﺠﻨ‪‬ـ ‪‬ﺔ ‪‬ﻭﻫ‪‬ـ ‪‬ﻲ‬
‫ﲔ ‪‬ﺛ‪‬ﻨﺘ‪‬ﺎ ‪‬ﻥ ‪‬ﻭ ‪‬ﺳ‪‬ﺒﻌ‪‬ﻮ ﹶﻥ ﻓ‪‬ﻲ ﺍﻟﻨ‪‬ﺎ ﹺﺭ ‪‬ﻭﻭ‪‬ﺍ ‪‬ﺣ ‪‬ﺪ ﹲﺓ ﻓ‪‬ـﻲ ﺍﹾﻟ ‪‬‬
‫ﺙ ‪‬ﻭ ‪‬ﺳ‪‬ﺒ ‪‬ﻌ ‪‬‬
‫ﻕ ‪‬ﻋﻠﹶﻰ ﹶﺛﻠﹶﺎ ‪‬‬
‫ﺍﹾﻟ ‪‬ﻤﱠﻠ ﹶﺔ ‪‬ﺳ‪‬ﺘ ﹾﻔ‪‬ﺘ ﹺﺮ ‪‬‬

‫ﺍﹾﻟ ‪‬ﺠﻤ‪‬ﺎﻋ‪‬ﺔ")‪.(١‬‬
‫‪‬ﻋ ‪‬ﻦ ‪‬ﻋ‪‬ﺒ ‪‬ﺪ ﺍﻟ ‪‬ﺮ ‪‬ﺣ ‪‬ﻤ ﹺﻦ ‪‬ﺑ ﹺﻦ ﹺﺯﻳ‪‬ﺎ ‪‬ﺩ ﺍﹾﻟﹶﺄ ﹾﻓﺮﹺﻳ ‪‬ﻘ ‪‬ﻲ ‪‬ﻋ ‪‬ﻦ ‪‬ﻋ‪‬ﺒ ‪‬ﺪ ﺍﻟﱠﻠ ‪‬ﻪ ‪‬ﺑ ﹺﻦ ‪‬ﻳﺰﹺﻳ ‪‬ﺪ ‪‬ﻋ ‪‬ﻦ ‪‬ﻋ‪‬ﺒ ‪‬ﺪ ﺍﻟﱠﻠ ‪‬ﻪ ‪‬ﺑ ﹺﻦ ‪‬ﻋ ‪‬ﻤﺮﹴﻭ‬
‫ﺻﻠﱠﻰ ﺍﻟﱠﻠ ‪‬ﻪ ‪‬ﻋﹶﻠ‪‬ﻴ ‪‬ﻪ ‪‬ﻭ ‪‬ﺳﱠﻠ ‪‬ﻢ‪" :‬ﹶﻟ‪‬ﻴ ﹾﺄ‪‬ﺗ‪‬ﻴ ‪‬ﻦ ‪‬ﻋﻠﹶﻰ ﹸﺃ ‪‬ﻣ‪‬ﺘﻲ ﻣ‪‬ﺎ ﹶﺃﺗ‪‬ﻰ ‪‬ﻋﻠﹶﻰ ‪‬ﺑﻨﹺﻲ‬
‫ﻗﹶﺎ ﹶﻝ‪ :‬ﻗﹶﺎ ﹶﻝ ‪‬ﺭﺳ‪‬ﻮ ﹸﻝ ﺍﻟﱠﻠ ‪‬ﻪ ‪‬‬
‫ﹺﺇ ‪‬ﺳﺮ‪‬ﺍﺋ‪‬ﻴ ﹶﻞ ‪‬ﺣ ﹾﺬ ‪‬ﻭ ﺍﻟ‪‬ﻨ ‪‬ﻌ ﹺﻞ ﺑﹺﺎﻟ‪‬ﻨ ‪‬ﻌ ﹺﻞ ‪‬ﺣﺘ‪‬ﻰ ﹺﺇ ﹾﻥ ﻛﹶﺎ ﹶﻥ ‪‬ﻣ‪‬ﻨ ‪‬ﻬ ‪‬ﻢ ‪‬ﻣ ‪‬ﻦ ﹶﺃﺗ‪‬ﻰ ﹸﺃ ‪‬ﻣ ‪‬ﻪ ‪‬ﻋﻠﹶﺎﹺﻧ‪‬ﻴ ﹰﺔ ﹶﻟﻜﹶﺎ ﹶﻥ ﻓ‪‬ﻲ ﹸﺃ ‪‬ﻣﺘ‪‬ﻲ ‪‬ﻣ ‪‬ﻦ‬
‫ﺙ‬
‫ﻕ ﹸﺃ ‪‬ﻣﺘ‪‬ﻲ ‪‬ﻋﻠﹶﻰ ﹶﺛﻠﹶﺎ ‪‬‬
‫ﲔ ‪‬ﻣﱠﻠ ﹰﺔ ‪‬ﻭ‪‬ﺗ ﹾﻔ‪‬ﺘ ﹺﺮ ‪‬‬
‫ﺖ ‪‬ﻋﻠﹶﻰ ‪‬ﺛ‪‬ﻨ‪‬ﺘ‪‬ﻴ ﹺﻦ ‪‬ﻭ ‪‬ﺳ‪‬ﺒ ‪‬ﻌ ‪‬‬
‫ﻚ ‪‬ﻭﹺﺇ ﱠﻥ ‪‬ﺑﻨﹺﻲ ﹺﺇ ‪‬ﺳﺮ‪‬ﺍﺋ‪‬ﻴ ﹶﻞ ‪‬ﺗ ﹶﻔ ‪‬ﺮﹶﻗ ‪‬‬
‫ﺼ‪‬ﻨ ‪‬ﻊ ﹶﺫ‪‬ﻟ ‪‬‬
‫‪‬ﻳ ‪‬‬
‫ﲔ ‪‬ﻣﱠﻠ ﹰﺔ ﹸﻛﱡﻠ ‪‬ﻬ ‪‬ﻢ ﻓ‪‬ﻲ ﺍﻟﻨ‪‬ﺎ ﹺﺭ ﹺﺇﻟﱠﺎ ‪‬ﻣﱠﻠ ﹰﺔ ﻭ‪‬ﺍ ‪‬ﺣ ‪‬ﺪ ﹰﺓ!‬
‫‪‬ﻭ ‪‬ﺳ‪‬ﺒ ‪‬ﻌ ‪‬‬
‫ﺻﺤ‪‬ﺎﺑﹺﻲ")‪.(٢‬‬
‫ﻗﹶﺎﻟﹸﻮﺍ ‪ :‬ﻭ ‪‬ﻣ ‪‬ﻦ ‪‬ﻫ ‪‬ﻲ ﻳ‪‬ﺎ ‪‬ﺭﺳ‪‬ﻮ ﹶﻝ ﺍﻟﱠﻠ ‪‬ﻪ؟ ﻗﹶﺎ ﹶﻝ‪ :‬ﻣ‪‬ﺎ ﹶﺃﻧ‪‬ﺎ ‪‬ﻋﹶﻠ‪‬ﻴ ‪‬ﻪ ‪‬ﻭﹶﺃ ‪‬‬
‫ﻓﺎﻷﺻﻞ ﺍﻟﺬﻱ ‪‬ﻳﻤ‪‬ﻴﺰ ﺍﻟﺼ‪‬ﺮ‪‬ﺍﻁ ﺍﹾﻟﻤ‪‬ﺴﺘﻘﻴﻢ ﻋﻦ ﻏﲑﻩ ﻣﻦ ﺍﻟﺴ‪‬ﺒﻞ‪ :‬ﺃﻧﻪ ﻳﻘﻮﻡ ﻋﻠﻰ ﺍﻟﻜﺘﺎﺏ‬
‫ﻭﺍﻟﺴﻨ‪‬ﺔ ﻋﻠﻰ ﺿﻮﺀ ﻓﻬﻢ ﺍﻟﺴﻠﻒ ﺍﻟﺼ‪‬ﺎﻟ‪‬ﺢ‪ ،‬ﻫﺬﺍ ﺳﺒﻴﻞ ﺍﹾﻟﻤ‪‬ﺆﻣﻨﲔ ﺍﻟﺬﻱ ﻳﻠﺰﻡ ﺍﺗﺒﺎﻋﻪ؛ ﻃﺎﻋﺔ‬
‫ﻷﻣﺮ ﺍﷲ‪ ،‬ﺣﻴﺚ ﻗﺎﻝ ﺍﷲ ‪-‬ﺗﺒﺎﺭﻙ ﻭﺗﻌ‪‬ﺎﻟﹶﻰ‪﴿ :-‬‬
‫﴾‬
‫]ﺍﻟﻨﺴﺎﺀ‪.[١١٥:‬‬
‫ﺨ ﹶﻠﻔﹶﺎ ِﺀ ﺍﻟﺮ‪‬ﺍ ‪‬ﺷﺪ‪‬ﻳﻦ ﺍﹾﻟ ‪‬ﻤ ‪‬ﻬ ‪‬ﺪﻳ‪‬ﲔ ﻣ‪‬ـ ‪‬ﻦ‬
‫ﻭﻃﺎﻋﺔ ﻟﻠﺮﺳﻮﻝ ج‪ ،‬ﺣﻴﺚ ﻗﺎﻝ‪ $ :‬ﻋ ﹶﻠ ‪‬ﻴ ﹸﻜ ‪‬ﻢ ﹺﺑﺴ‪‬ﻨﺘ‪‬ﻲ‪ ،‬ﻭ ‪‬ﺳﻨ‪ ‬ﺔ ﺍﹾﻟ ‪‬‬
‫)‪ (١‬ﺃﺧﺮﺟﻪ ﺃﲪﺪ ﰲ ﺍﳌﺴﻨﺪ )‪ ،(١٠٢/٤‬ﻭ ﺃﺑﻮ ﺩﺍﻭﺩ ﰲ ﻛﺘﺎﺏ ﺍﻟﺴﻨﺔ‪ ،‬ﺑﺎﺏ ﺷﺮﺡ ﺍﻟﺴﻨﺔ‪ ،‬ﺣﺪﻳﺚ ﺭﻗـﻢ‬
‫)‪ ،(٤٥٩٧‬ﻭﺍﻵﺟﺮﻱ ﰲ ﺍﻟﺸﺮﻳﻌﺔ )ﺍﻟﻄﺒﻌﺔ ﺍﶈﻘﻘﺔ( )‪ ،١٣٢/١‬ﲢﺖ ﺭﻗﻢ ‪.(٣١‬‬
‫ﻭﺻﺤﺢ ﺇﺳﻨﺎﺩﻩ ﳏﻘﻖ ﺟﺎﻣﻊ ﺍﻷﺻﻮﻝ )‪ ،(٣٢/١٠‬ﻭﺍﻷﻟﺒﺎﱐ ﰲ ﺳﻠﺴﻠﺔ ﺍﻷﺣﺎﺩﻳﺚ ﺍﻟﺼﺤﻴﺤﺔ ﺣﺪﻳﺚ‬
‫ﺭﻗﻢ )‪ ،(٢٠٤‬ﻭﺫﻛﺮ ﲨﻠﺔ ﻣﻦ ﺍﻷﺣﺎﺩﻳﺚ ﺗﺸﻬﺪ ﻟﻪ‪ .‬ﻓﻬﻮ ﺣﺪﻳﺚ ﺻﺤﻴﺢ ﻟﻐﲑﻩ‪ .‬ﻭﺃﺷﺎﺭ ﺑﻌﻀﻬﻢ ﺇﱃ‬
‫ﺍﺣﺘﻤﺎﻝ ﺗﻮﺍﺗﺮﻩ‪ .‬ﻭﺍﻧﻈﺮ ﻧﻈﻢ ﺍﳌﺘﻨﺎﺛﺮ ﺹ‪.٣٤-٣٢‬‬
‫)‪ (٢‬ﺃﺧﺮﺟﻪ ﺍﻟﺘﺮﻣﺬﻱ ﰲ ﻛﺘﺎﺏ ﺍﻹﳝﺎﻥ‪ ،‬ﺑﺎﺏ ﻣﺎ ﺟﺎﺀ ﰲ ﺍﻓﺘﺮﺍﻕ ﻫﺬﻩ ﺍﻷﻣﺔ‪ ،‬ﺣـﺪﻳﺚ ﺭﻗـﻢ )‪،(٢٦٤١‬‬
‫ﻭﺍﳊﺎﻛﻢ ﰲ ﺍﳌﺴﺘﺪﺭﻙ )‪ ،٣٣٧-٣٣٦/١‬ﲢﺖ ﺭﻗﻢ ‪ ،(٤٥٥‬ﻗﹶﺎ ﹶﻝ ﹶﺃﺑ‪‬ﻮ ﻋ‪‬ﻴـﺴ‪‬ﻰ ﺍﻟﺘﺮﻣـﺬﻱ ﻋﻘـﺐ‬
‫ﺴ ‪‬ﺮ ﻟﹶﺎ ‪‬ﻧ ‪‬ﻌ ﹺﺮﹸﻓ ‪‬ﻪ ‪‬ﻣﹾﺜ ﹶﻞ ‪‬ﻫﺬﹶﺍ ﹺﺇﻟﱠﺎ ‪‬ﻣ ‪‬ﻦ ‪‬ﻫﺬﹶﺍ ﺍﹾﻟ ‪‬ﻮ ‪‬ﺟ ‪‬ﻪ"ﺍﻫــ‪ ،‬ﻭﺫﻛـﺮ‬
‫ﺐ ‪‬ﻣ ﹶﻔ ‪‬‬
‫ﺴ ‪‬ﻦ ﹶﻏﺮﹺﻳ ‪‬‬
‫ﺚ ‪‬ﺣ ‪‬‬
‫ﺇﺧﺮﺍﺟﻪ‪ " :‬ﻫﺬﹶﺍ ‪‬ﺣﺪ‪‬ﻳ ﹲ‬
‫ﺍﳊﺎﻛﻢ ﺃﻥ ﺍﳊﺪﻳﺚ ﺗﻔﺮﺩ ﺑﻪ ﻋﺒﺪﺍﻟﺮﲪﻦ ﺑﻦ ﺯﻳﺎﺩ ﺍﻷﻓﺮﻳﻘﻲ‪ ،‬ﻭ ﻻ ﺗﻘﻮﻡ ﺑﻪ ﺍﳊﺠﺔ‪ .‬ﻭ ﻋﺒﺪﺍﻟﺮﲪﻦ ﺑﻦ‬
‫ﺯﻳﺎﺩ ﺍﻷﻓﺮﻳﻘﻲ ﺿﻌﻴﻒ‪ .‬ﻟﻜﻦ ﺍﳌﱳ ﻟﻪ ﺷﻮﺍﻫﺪ ﻳﺮﺗﻘﻲ ‪‬ﺎ ﺇﱃ ﺩﺭﺟﺔ ﺍﳊﺴﻦ ﻟﻐﲑﻩ‪ ،‬ﻭﺍﷲ ﺍﻋﻠﻢ‪.‬‬

‫ا
م  ق ق‬

‫‪٥‬‬

‫‬

‫‪‬ﺑ ‪‬ﻌﺪ‪‬ﻱ؛ ‪‬ﻋﻀ‪‬ﻮﺍ ‪‬ﻋ ﹶﻠ ‪‬ﻴﻬ‪‬ﺎ ﺑﺎﻟﻨ‪‬ﻮ‪‬ﺍ ﹺﺟ ‪‬ﺬ‪.#‬‬
‫ﻭﻃﻠﺒ‪‬ﺎ ﻟﺴﺒﻴﻞ ﺍﻟﻨﺠﺎﺓ‪ ،‬ﻭﺍﻟﻔﻜﺎﻙ ﻣﻦ ﺍﻟﺘﻮﻋﺪ ﺑﺎﻟﻨﺎﺭ؛ ﺣﻴﺚ ﻗﺎﻝ ج ‪‬ﻣﺤ‪‬ﺬﺭ‪‬ﺍ ﻣﻦ‬
‫‪‬ﻣﺨ‪‬ﺎﻟﻔﺘﻪ ﹶﻟﻤ‪‬ﺎ ﺫﻛﺮ ﺍﻟ ‪‬ﻔﺮ‪‬ﻕ ﻭﺍﻻﻓﺘﺮﺍﻕ‪ $ :‬ﹸﻛ ﱡﻠﻬ‪‬ﺎ ﻓ‪‬ﻲ ﺍﻟﻨ‪‬ﺎ ﹺﺭ ﺇﻻﱠ ﻭ‪‬ﺍ ‪‬ﺣﺪ‪‬ﺓ‪ .‬ﻗﻴﻞ‪ :‬ﻣﻦ ﻫﻲ؟ ﻗﺎﻝ‪ :‬ﻣ‪‬ﺎ‬

‫ﺻﺤ‪‬ﺎﺑﹺﻲ‪.#‬‬
‫ﺃﹶﻧﺎ ‪‬ﻋ ﹶﻠ ‪‬ﻴ ‪‬ﻪ ﻭﺃ ‪‬‬
‫ﻭﻫﺬﺍ ﺍﻟﺴﺒﻴﻞ ﻻ ﻳﺴﺘﻄﻴﻌﻪ ﺃﻫﻞ ﺍﻟﺒﺪﻉ ﻭﺍﻷﻫﻮﺍﺀ؛ ﻓﺈ‪‬ﻧﻬ‪‬ﻢ ﻳﺸﺘﺮﻛﻮﻥ ﻣﻊ ﺃﻫﻞ ﺍﻟﺴﻨ‪‬ﺔ‬
‫ﻓ‪‬ﻲ ﺍﻧﺘﺤﺎﻝ ﺍﻟﻜﺘﺎﺏ ﻭﺍﻟﺴﻨ‪‬ﺔ‪ ،‬ﻭﻟﻜﻨﻬﻢ ﻳﻨﻘﻠﺒﻮﻥ ﻋﻠﻰ ﻇﻬﻮﺭﻫﻢ ﺇﺫﺍ ﺟﺎﺀ ﺍﻟﻘﻴﺪ ﺍﻟﺬﻱ ﻫﻮ‬
‫ﻋﺼﻤﺔ ﺍﻟﻔﻬﻢ‪ ،‬ﻭﻫﻮ ﺃﻥ ﻳ‪‬ﺘ ﹶﻘﻴ‪‬ﺪ ﺍﻟﻔﻬﻢ ﻟﻠﻜﺘﺎﺏ ﻭﺍﻟﺴﻨ‪‬ﺔ ﺑﻔﻬﻢ ﺍﻟﺴﻠﻒ ﺍﻟﺼ‪‬ﺎﻟ‪‬ﺢ‪.‬‬
‫ﻭﻫﺬﻩ ﺍﹾﻟ ‪‬ﻤﻘﹶﺎﻻﺕ ‪‬ﻣ ‪‬ﻮﺿ‪‬ﻮﻋﻬ‪‬ﺎ‪ :‬ﺑﻴﺎﻥ ﺍﻟﺴﺒﻴﻞ ﺍﻟﺬﻱ ﻋﻠﻰ ﺍﹾﻟﻤ‪‬ﺴﻠﻢ ﺃﻥ ﻳﺴﻠﻜﻪ ﺃﻣﺎﻡ ﻫﺬﻩ‬
‫ﺍﹾﻟ ‪‬ﻤﻔﹶﺎﺭﻕ ﺍﱠﻟﺘ‪‬ﻲ ﻗﺪ ﻳﻘﻒ ﺃﻣﺎﻣﻬﺎ ﺣﺎﺋﺮ‪‬ﺍ ﻣﺘﺮﺩﺩ‪‬ﺍ‪.‬‬
‫ﻭﺳﺄﻭﺭﺩ ﺑﻌﺾ ﺍﻻﺗ‪‬ﺠ‪‬ﺎﻫ‪‬ﺎﺕ ﻋﻠﻰ ﺳﺒﻴﻞ ﺍﻟﺘﻤﺜﻴﻞ ﻭﺍﻟﺘﻮﺿﻴﺢ؛ ﻭَ ﹶﻗ ‪‬ﺪ ﺗﺒﻴ‪‬ﻦ ﻟ‪‬ﻲ ﺑﻌﺪ ﺍﻟﺘﺄﻣﻞ‬

‫ﻭﺍﻟﻨﻈﺮ ﺃﻥﱠ ﻟﻜﻞ ‪‬ﻣ ‪‬ﺠﻤ‪‬ﻮﻋ‪‬ﺔ ﻣﻦ ﺍﻟﺴﺒﻞ ﻭﺍﹾﻟ ‪‬ﻤﻔﹶﺎﺭﻕ ﺍﺗ‪‬ﺠ‪‬ﺎﻩ ﻋﺎﻡ ﻳﺸﻤﻠﻬﺎ‪:‬‬
‫ ﻓﻬﻨﺎﻙ ﺍﻻﺗ‪‬ﺠ‪‬ﺎﻩ ﺍﻟﺪ‪‬ﻋ‪‬ﻮﻱ‪ :‬ﻭﻳﺸﻤﻞ ‪‬ﺟ ‪‬ﻤﻠﹶﺔ ﻣﻦ ﺍﻟﺴ‪‬ﺒﻞ‪.‬‬‫ ﻭﻫﻨﺎﻙ ﺍﻻﺗ‪‬ﺠ‪‬ﺎﻩ ﺍﻟﻔﻘﻬﻲ‪ :‬ﻭﻳﺸﻤﻞ ‪‬ﺟ ‪‬ﻤﻠﹶﺔ ﻣﻦ ﺍﻟﺴ‪‬ﺒﻞ‪.‬‬‫ ﻭﻫﻨﺎﻙ ﺍﻻﺗ‪‬ﺠ‪‬ﺎﻩ ﺍﻷﺧﻼﻗﻲ‪ :‬ﻭﻳﺸﻤﻞ ‪‬ﺟﻤ‪‬ﻠﺔ ﻣﻦ ﺍﻟﺴ‪‬ﺒﻞ‪.‬‬‫ﺲ ‪‬ﻋﻠﹶﻰ ﻫﺬﺍ ‪...‬‬
‫‪‬ﻭ‪‬ﻗ ‪‬‬
‫≅  رق اق ا  أ ا‪:‬‬
‫‪ -١‬ﺍﻻﺗ‪‬ﺠ‪‬ﺎﻩ ﺍﻟﻔﻘﻬﻲ‪ ،‬ﻭﻳﺸﺘﻤﻞ ﻋﻠﻰ ﻋﺪ‪‬ﺓ ﺳ‪‬ﺒﻞ‪:‬‬
‫ﻓﺈﻣ‪‬ﺎ ﺃﻥ ﻳﺴﻠﻚ ﺍﹾﻟﻤ‪‬ﺴﻠﻢ ﺳﺒﻴﻞ ﺍﹾﻟ ‪‬ﻤﻘﹶﻠﺪﺓ! ﻓﻴﻘﻠﺪ ﻓ‪‬ﻲ ﺩﻳﻨﻪ ﻣﻄﻠﻘﹰﺎ‪ ،‬ﺳﻮ‪‬ﺍﺀ ﻛﺎﻥ ﻋﺎﻣﻴ‪‬ﺎ‬
‫ﺃﻡ ﻻ‪ ،‬ﻭ ‪‬ﺳﻮ‪‬ﺍﺀ ﺗﺒﻴ‪‬ﻦ ﻟﻪ ﺍﻟﺪﻟﻴﻞ ﺃﻡ ﻻ! ﺑﻞ ﻗﺪ ﻳﺼﻞ ﻓ‪‬ﻲ ﻫﺬﺍ ﺍﻟﺴ‪‬ﺒﻴﻞ ﺇﻟﹶﻰ ﻣﻨﻊ ﺍﻟﻨﻈﺮ‪ ،‬ﻭﻏﻠﻖ‬
‫ﺑﺎﺏ ﺍﻻﺟﺘﻬﺎﺩ‪ ،‬ﻭﺃ ﱠﻥ ﺍﻟﺘﻘﻠﻴﺪ ﻫﻮ ﺍﻟﻮﺍﺟﺐ!!‬
‫ﻭﺇﻣ‪‬ﺎ ﺃﻥ ﻳﺴﻠﻚ ﺳﺒﻴﻞ ﺍﻻﺟﺘﻬﺎﺩ‪ ،‬ﺩﻭﻥ ﺗﻔﺮﻗﺔ ﺑﲔ ﺍﻟ ‪‬ﻌﻮ‪‬ﺍﻡ ﻭﻃﻼﺏ ﺍﻟﻌﻠﻢ‪ ،‬ﻓﺎﻟﻜﻞ‬

‫ا ]‪ :[١baz‬ﻝﻠﻁﺎﺒﻊ ﻫﻨﺎ ﻋﺩﺓ‬
‫ﺃﺴﻁﺭ ﺤﺫﻓﺘﻬﺎ‪ ،‬ﻷﻨﻬﺎ ﻜﺎﻨﺕ ﻤﻘﺩﻤﺔ ﻝﻠﺤﻠﻘﺔ‬
‫ﺍﻝﺜﺎﻨﻴﺔ ﻤﻥ ﺍﻝﻤﻘﺎل ﺭﺒﻁﺕ ﻓﻴﻬﺎ ﺒﻴﻥ ﺍﻝﻤﻘﺎل‬
‫ﺍﻝﺴﺎﺒﻕ ﻭﺍﻝﻼﺤﻕ‪ ،‬ﻭ ﻻ ﺤﺎﺠﺔ ﺇﻝﻴﻬﺎ‪ ،‬ﺍﻵﻥ!‬

‫ا
م  ق ق‬

‫‪٦‬‬

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‫ﻋﻠﻴﻪ ﺍﻟﻨﻈﺮ ﻭﺍﻻﺟﺘﻬﺎﺩ‪ ،‬ﻭﻳﻌﻤﻞ ﺑﻌﻘﻠﻪ‪ ،‬ﻭﻗﺪ ﻳﺼﻞ ﺍﻷﻣﺮ ﺇﻟﹶﻰ ﻧﻮﻉ ﻣﻦ ﺍﻟﻔﹶﻮﺿﻰ ﺍﻟﻔﻘﻬﻴ‪‬ﺔ‬
‫ﻓ‪‬ﻲ ﺍﻟﺘﺮﺟﻴﺢ ﻭﺍﻟﻨﻈﺮ‪ ،‬ﻓﻴﺼﲑ ﻛﻞ ﺷﺨﺺ ﻳ‪‬ﺠﺘﻬﺪ ﻭﻟﻪ ﺭﺃﻱ‪ ،‬ﻭﻟﺪﻳﻪ ﻓ‪‬ﻲ ﹸﻛ ﱢﻞ ﻣﺴﺄﻟﺔ‬
‫‪‬ﺗ ‪‬ﻌﺮ‪‬ﺽ ﺃﻣﺎﻣﻪ ﺭﺍﺟﺢ ﻭﻣﺮﺟﻮﺡ!!‬
‫ﻭﺇﻣ‪‬ﺎ ﺃﻥ ﻳﺴﻠﻚ ﺍﻟﺴ‪‬ﺒﻴﻞ ﺍﻟﺬﻱ ﹶﻗﺮ‪‬ﺭﻩ ﺃﻫﻞ ﺍﻟﻌﻠﻢ‪ ،‬ﺍﻟﺬﻳﻦ ﺗﺒﻌﻮﺍ ﺳﺒﻴﻞ ﺍﹾﻟﻤ‪‬ﺆﻣﻨﲔ‪،‬‬
‫ﻭﻟﺰﻣﻮﺍ ﻣﺎ ﻛﺎﻥ ﻋﻠﻴﻪ ﺍﻟ ‪‬ﺮﺳ‪‬ﻮﻝ ج ﻭﺃﺻﺤﺎﺑﻪ؛ ﻓﻘﺎﻟﻮﺍ‪:‬‬
‫ﺴﻠﹶﻒ‬
‫ﺍﹾﻟﻤ‪‬ﺴﻠﻢ ﺇﻣ‪‬ﺎ ﺃﻥ ﻳﻜﻮﻥ ﻋ‪‬ﺎ‪‬ﻟﻤ‪‬ﺎ ﺑﺎﹾﻟﺤ‪‬ﻜﻢ ﻣﻦ ﺍﻟﻜﺘﺎﺏ ﻭﺍﻟﺴﻨ‪‬ﺔ ﻋﻠﻰ ﺿﻮﺀ ﻓﻬﻢ ﺍﻟ ‪‬‬
‫ﺍﻟﺼ‪‬ﺎﻟ‪‬ﺢ‪.‬‬
‫ﻭﺇﻣ‪‬ﺎ ﺃﻥ ﻳﻜﻮﻥ ﻏﲑ ﻋ‪‬ﺎﻟ‪‬ﻢ‪ ،‬ﻭﻭﻇﻴﻔﺔ ‪‬ﻣ ‪‬ﻦ ﻻ ﻳﻌﻠﻢ ﺳﺆﺍﻝ ‪‬ﻣ ‪‬ﻦ ﻳ‪‬ﻌﻠﻢ‪ ،‬ﺩﻭﻥ ﺃﻥ ﻳ‪‬ﻘﻴ‪‬ﺪ‬
‫ﺳﺆﺍﻟﻪ ﻓ‪‬ﻲ ﻃﻠﺐ ﺍﹾﻟﺤ‪‬ﻜﻢ ﺑﻌ‪‬ﺎﻟ‪‬ﻢ ﻣ‪‬ﻌﻴ‪‬ﻦ‪ ،‬ﻓﻴﺴﺄﻝ ‪‬ﻣ ‪‬ﻦ ﻳﺜﻖ ﻓ‪‬ﻲ ﺩﻳﻨﻪ ﻭﻋﻠﻤﻪ ﻭﺗﻘﻮﺍﻩ ﻭﻭﺭﻋﻪ؛‬
‫ﻚ ﹺﺇ ﹼﻻ ﹺﺭﺟ‪‬ﺎﻟﹰﺎ ﻧ‪‬ﻮ ‪‬ﺣ ‪‬ﻲ ﹺﺇﹶﻟ‪‬ﻴ ﹺﻬ ‪‬ﻢ ﻓﹶﺎ ‪‬ﺳﹶﺄﻟﹸﻮﹾﺍ ﹶﺃ ‪‬ﻫ ﹶﻞ ﺍﻟ ﹼﺬ ﹾﻛ ﹺﺮ‬
‫ﺍﻣﺘﺜﺎ ﹰﻻ ﻷﻣﺮ ﺍﷲ ‪  :T‬ﻭﻣ‪‬ﺂ ﹶﺃ ‪‬ﺭ ‪‬ﺳﹾﻠﻨ‪‬ﺎ ﻣ‪‬ﻦ ﹶﻗ‪‬ﺒ‪‬ﻠ ‪‬‬
‫ﺱ ﻣ‪‬ﺎ ‪‬ﻧ ‪‬ﺰ ﹶﻝ ﹺﺇﹶﻟ‪‬ﻴ ﹺﻬ ‪‬ﻢ‬
‫ﻚ ﺍﻟ ﱢﺬ ﹾﻛ ‪‬ﺮ ‪‬ﻟ‪‬ﺘ‪‬ﺒ‪‬ﻴ ‪‬ﻦ ﻟ‪‬ﻠﻨ‪‬ﺎ ﹺ‬
‫ﺕ ﻭ‪‬ﺍﻟ ‪‬ﺰ‪‬ﺑ ﹺﺮ ‪‬ﻭﹶﺃ‪‬ﻧ ‪‬ﺰﹾﻟﻨ‪‬ﺎ ﹺﺇﹶﻟ‪‬ﻴ ‪‬‬
‫ﺇﹺﻥ ﹸﻛ‪‬ﻨﺘ‪‬ﻢ ﹶﻻ ‪‬ﺗ ‪‬ﻌﹶﻠﻤ‪‬ﻮ ﹶﻥ‪ .‬ﺑﹺﺎﹾﻟ‪‬ﺒ‪‬ﻴﻨ‪‬ﺎ ‪‬‬
‫‪‬ﻭﹶﻟ ‪‬ﻌﱠﻠ ‪‬ﻬ ‪‬ﻢ ‪‬ﻳ‪‬ﺘ ﹶﻔ ﱠﻜﺮ‪‬ﻭ ﹶﻥ ]ﺍﻟﻨﺤﻞ‪.[٤٣:‬‬
‫ﻭﺃﻣ‪‬ﺎ ﺍﻟﻌ‪‬ﺎﻟ‪‬ﻢ ﺑﺄﺣﻜﺎﻡ ﺍﻟﻜﺘﺎﺏ ﻭﺍﻟﺴﻨ‪‬ﺔ‪ ،‬ﻓﻮﻇﻴﻔﺘﻪ ﺍﻟﻨﻈﺮ ﻓﻴﻬﻤﺎ‪ ،‬ﻭﻃﻠﺐ ﺣﻜﻢ ﺍﷲ‬
‫ﺴﻠﹶﻒ ﺍﻟﺼ‪‬ﺎﻟ‪‬ﺢ ‪-‬ﺭﺿﻮﺍﻥ ﺍﷲ ﻋﻠﻴﻬﻢ‪ ،-‬ﻓﺈﻥ ﹶﻟ ‪‬ﻢ ﻳﻌﻠﻢ ﺍﹾﻟﺤ‪‬ﻜﻢ ﻓ‪‬ﻲ‬
‫ﻣﻨﻬﻤﺎ ﻋﻠﻰ ﺿﻮﺀ ﻓﻬﻢ ﺍﻟ ‪‬‬
‫ﻣﺴﺄﻟﺔ ﻣﺎ؛ ﻧ ‪‬ﺰ ﹶﻝ ﻧﻔﺴﻪ ﻣﻨ‪‬ﺰﻟﺔ ﺍﻟ ‪‬ﻌﻮ‪‬ﺍﻡ ﺍﻟﺬﻳﻦ ﻻ ﻳﻌﻠﻤﻮﻥ‪ ،‬ﻓﻴﻘﻠﺪ ﻋﻨﺪﻫﺎ ‪‬ﻣ ‪‬ﻦ ﻳﺜﻖ ﻓﻴﻪ ﻣﻦ ﺃﻫﻞ‬
‫ﺍﻟﻌﻠﻢ‪.‬‬
‫ﻭﻋﻠﻰ ﺍﻟﻌ‪‬ﺎﻣ‪‬ﻲ ﺇﺫﺍ ﻣﺎ ﺃﺟﺎﺑﻪ ﺍﹾﻟﻤ‪‬ﻔﺘ‪‬ﻲ ‪-‬ﺍﻟﺬﻱ ﻳﺜﻖ ﻓ‪‬ﻲ ﻋﻠﻤﻪ ﻭﺗﻘﻮﺍﻩ ﻭ ‪‬ﻭﺭ‪‬ﻋﻪ‪ -‬ﻋﻠﻰ‬
‫ﺳﺆﺍﻟﻪ ﺃﻥ ﻳ‪‬ﺘ ‪‬ﻌ‪‬ﺒ ‪‬ﺪ ﺍﷲ ﺑﻪ‪ ،‬ﻭﻻ ﻳﺘﻨﻘﻞ ﻣﻦ ﺳﺆﺍﻝ ﻋ‪‬ﺎ‪‬ﻟﻢ ﺇﻟﹶﻰ ﻋ‪‬ﺎﻟ‪‬ﻢ ﺁﺧﺮ؛ ﺑ‪‬ﺤﺜﹰﺎ ‪‬ﻋﻤ‪‬ﺎ ‪‬ﻳﻮ‪‬ﺍﻓﻖ‬
‫ﺸﻬ‪‬ﻲ‪.‬‬
‫ﻫﻮﺍﻩ؛ ﻓﺈﻥ ﻫﺬﺍ ﻣﻦ ﺍﺗﺒﺎﻉ ﺍﹾﻟ ‪‬ﻬﻮ‪‬ﻯ ﻭﺍﻟﺘ ‪‬‬
‫ﻭﻧﺒ‪‬ﻪ ﺃﻫﻞ ﺍﻟﻌﻠﻢ ﺇﻟﹶﻰ ﺃﻧﻪ ﻟﻴﺲ ﻟﻠﻌ‪‬ﺎﻣ‪‬ﻲ ﺃﻥ ‪‬ﻳﻨ‪‬ﺰﻝ ﻓﺘﻮﻯ ﺍﻟﻌ‪‬ﺎﻟ‪‬ﻢ ﻟﻐﲑﻩ ﻋﻠﻰ ﻧﻔﺴﻪ‪ ،‬ﺑﻞ‬
‫ﺤﺴ‪‬ﺐ‬
‫ﻻﺑﺪ ﺃﻥ ﻳﺮﺟﻊ ﺇﻟﹶﻰ ﺍﻟﻌ‪‬ﺎﻟ‪‬ﻢ‪ ،‬ﻭﻳﺴﺄﻟﻪ ﻋﻦ ﻧﺎﺯﻟﺘﻪ‪ ،‬ﻓﺈﻥ ﻓﺘﻮﻯ ﺍﻟﻌ‪‬ﺎﻟ‪‬ﻢ ﺗﻜﻮﻥ ﹺﺑ ‪‬‬

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م  ق ق‬

‫ﺍﻻﺳﺘﻔﺘﺎﺀ‪ ،‬ﻓﻘﺪ ﻳﻜﻮﻥ ﻓ‪‬ﻲ ﻧﺎﺯﻟﺔ ﻏﲑﻩ ﻣﺎ ﻟﻴﺲ ﻓ‪‬ﻲ ﻧﺎﺯﻟﺘﻪ‪ ،‬ﻭﻫﻮ ﻻ ﻳﻔﻬﻢ ﺫﻟﻚ‪.‬‬
‫ﻭﻻ ‪‬ﻳﻘﹶﺎﻝ‪ :‬ﺇ ﱠﻥ ﻋﻠﻰ ﻛﻞ ﺃﺣﺪ ﺍﻟﻨﻈﺮ ﻭﺍﻻﺟﺘﻬﺎﺩ ﻓ‪‬ﻲ ﻛﻞ ﻣﺴﺄﻟﺔ؛ ﻓﻬﺬﺍ ﻻ ﻳﻄﻴﻘﻪ‬
‫ﺃﺣﺪ‪ ،‬ﻭﻫﻮ ﺗﻜﻠﻴﻒ ﹺﺑﻤ‪‬ﺎ ﻻ ‪‬ﻳﻄﹶﺎﻕ‪ ،‬ﹶﻓ ‪‬ﻤ ‪‬ﻦ ﺃﻳﻦ ﻟﻠﻌ‪‬ﺎﻣ‪‬ﻲ ﻫﺬﺍ ﺍﻷﻣﺮ ﻭﺁﻟﺘﻪ؟! ﺑﻞ ﺍﻟﻌ‪‬ﺎﻟ‪‬ﻢ ﻗﺪ‬
‫ﻳﻌﺘﺮﻳﻪ ﻓ‪‬ﻲ ﺑﻌﺾ ﺍﻷﻭﻗﺎﺕ ﺃﻭ ﺑﻌﺾ ﺍﻟﻨﻮﺍﺯﻝ ﻣﺎ ﻳﻘﻒ ﺃﻣﺎﻣﻪ ‪-‬ﻣﻊ ﻣﺎ ﻟﺪﻳﻪ ﻣﻦ ﻋﻠﻢ ﺍﻵﻟﺔ‪-‬‬
‫ﻻ ﻳ‪‬ﺤﲑ ﻓﻴﻪ ﺟﻮﺍﺑ‪‬ﺎ؛ ﺇﻻ ﻗﻮﻝ‪ :‬ﻻ ﺃﺩﺭﻱ!!‬
‫‪ -٢‬ﺍﻻﺗ‪‬ﺠ‪‬ﺎﻩ ﺍﹾﻟ ‪‬ﺤﻀ‪‬ﺎﺭﻱ‪ ،‬ﻭﻟﻪ ﺳﺒﻞ‪:‬‬
‫ﺤﻀ‪‬ﺎﺭ‪‬ﺓ ﻭﺍﻟﺘ ﹶﻘﺪ‪‬ﻡ ﻫﻲ ﺃﻥ ﻧﺄﺧﺬ ﻣﺎ ﻋﻨﺪ ﺍﻟﻐﺮﺏ ﻛﻤﺎ ﻫﻮ‪،‬‬
‫ﻓﻤﻨﻬﻢ ‪‬ﻣ ‪‬ﻦ ‪‬ﻳﺮ‪‬ﻯ ﺃ ﱠﻥ ﺍﹾﻟ ‪‬‬
‫ﻭﺃ ﱠﻥ ﺍﻟﺘﻔﺴﲑ ﺍﻟﺪ‪‬ﻳﻨﹺﻲ ﻟﻠﻨﺼﻮﺹ ﻓ‪‬ﻲ ﹸﻛ ﱢﻞ ﻋﺼﺮ ﹺﺑﺤ‪‬ﺴﺒﻪ‪ ،‬ﻓﻠﻠﻘﺮﺁﻥ ﺗﻔﺴﲑ ﻓ‪‬ﻲ ﺯﻣﺎﻧﻨﺎ ﻏﲑ‬
‫ﺼﺤ‪‬ﺎﺑﺔ‪ ،‬ﻭﻛﺬﺍ ﺃﺣﺎﺩﻳﺚ ﺍﻟﺮﺳﻮﻝ ج!!‬
‫ﺗﻔﺴﲑﻩ ﺃﻳﺎﻡ ﺍﻟ ‪‬‬
‫ﺤﻀ‪‬ﺎﺭﺓ ﺑ ‪‬ﺪ ‪‬ﻋﺔﹲ‪ ،‬ﻓﻴﻨﺒﺬ ﻛﻞ ﻣ‪‬ﺎ ﺟ‪‬ﺎﺀﺕ ﺑﻪ‪ ،‬ﻓﻼ ﻳﺮﻛﺐ‬
‫ﻭﻣﻨﻬﻢ ‪‬ﻣ ‪‬ﻦ ‪‬ﻳﺮ‪‬ﻯ ﺃ ﱠﻥ ﺍﹾﻟ ‪‬‬
‫ﺍﻟﺴ‪‬ﻴﺎﺭ‪‬ﺍﺕ‪ ،‬ﻭﻻ ﻳﺴﺘﻔﻴﺪ ﻣﻦ ﺍﻟﺘﻜﻨﻮﻟﻮﺟﻴﺎ ﺍﹾﻟﺤ‪‬ﺪﻳﺜﺔ ﺑﺸﻲﺀ‪ ،‬ﻓﻬﻮ ﺇﻟﹶﻰ ﺍﻟﻴﻮﻡ ﻳﺮﻛﺐ ﺍﹾﻟﺨ‪‬ﻴﻞ‬
‫ﻭﺍﻟﺒﻐﺎﻝ ﻭﺳﻴﻠﺔ ‪‬ﻣﻮ‪‬ﺍﺻ‪‬ﻼﺕ‪ ،‬ﻭﻻ ﻳﺴﺘﻌﻤﻞ ﺍﻟﺘﻠﻴﻔﻮﻥ‪ ،‬ﻭﻻ ‪...‬‬
‫ﺤﻀ‪‬ﺎﺭﺓ ﺍﻟﻐﺮﺑﻴ‪‬ﺔ ﻣ‪‬ﺎ ﻭ‪‬ﺍﹶﻓ ‪‬ﻖ ﺍﻟﺪ‪‬ﻳﻦ ﺃﻭ ﹶﻟ ‪‬ﻢ ‪‬ﻳﺨ‪‬ﺎﻟﻔﻪ‪،‬‬
‫ﻭﺍﻟﺼ‪‬ﺮ‪‬ﺍﻁ ﺍﹾﻟﻤ‪‬ﺴﺘﻘﻴﻢ‪ :‬ﺃﻥ ﻳﻘﺒﻞ ﻣﻦ ﺍﹾﻟ ‪‬‬
‫ﺃﻣ‪‬ﺎ ﻣ‪‬ﺎ ‪‬ﻳﺨ‪‬ﺎﻟﻒ ﺍﻟﺪ‪‬ﻳﻦ؛ ﻓﻼ ﺍﻋﺘﺒﺎﺭ ﻟﻪ‪ ،‬ﻓﻼ ﻧﺄﺧﺬ ﻣﻦ ‪‬ﺣﻀ‪‬ﺎﺭﺓ ﺍﻟﻐﺮﺏ ﻣﺎ ﻳﺘﻨﺎﻓﹶﻰ ﻣﻊ‬
‫ﺍﻹﺳﻼﻡ‪ ،‬ﺃﻭ ﻣﺎ ﻫﻮ ﻣﻦ ‪‬ﺧﺼ‪‬ﺎﺋﺼﻬﻢ ﻓ‪‬ﻲ ‪‬ﺣﻴ‪‬ﺎﺗ‪‬ﻬﻢ؛ ﺇﺫ ﺍﻟﺮﺳﻮﻝ ج ‪‬ﺣ ﱠﺬﺭ‪‬ﻧﺎ ﻣﻦ ﺍﻟﺘﺸﺒﻪ‬
‫ﺑﺎﻟﻜﻔﱠﺎﺭ‪.‬‬
‫ﻒ ‪‬ﺣﺘ‪‬ـﻰ‬
‫ﺴ‪‬ﻴ ‪‬‬
‫ﺖ ﺑﹺﺎﻟ ‪‬‬
‫ﺻﻠﱠﻰ ﺍﻟﱠﻠ ‪‬ﻪ ‪‬ﻋﹶﻠ‪‬ﻴ ‪‬ﻪ ‪‬ﻭ ‪‬ﺳﱠﻠ ‪‬ﻢ‪" :‬ﺑ ‪‬ﻌﹾﺜ ‪‬‬
‫‪‬ﻋ ﹺﻦ ﺍ‪‬ﺑ ﹺﻦ ‪‬ﻋ ‪‬ﻤ ‪‬ﺮ ﻗﹶﺎ ﹶﻝ‪ :‬ﻗﹶﺎ ﹶﻝ ﺭ‪‬ﺳ‪‬ﻮ ﹸﻝ ﺍﻟﱠﻠ ‪‬ﻪ ‪‬‬
‫ﺼﻐ‪‬ﺎ ‪‬ﺭ ‪‬ﻋﻠﹶﻰ ‪‬ﻣ ‪‬ﻦ‬
‫ﺖ ‪‬ﻇ ﱢﻞ ‪‬ﺭ ‪‬ﻣﺤ‪‬ﻲ ﻭ‪ ‬ﺟ ‪‬ﻌ ﹶﻞ ﺍﻟ ﱢﺬﱠﻟ ﹸﺔ ﻭ‪‬ﺍﻟ ‪‬‬
‫ﺤ ‪‬‬
‫ﻚ ﹶﻟ ‪‬ﻪ ‪‬ﻭ ‪‬ﺟ ‪‬ﻌ ﹶﻞ ﹺﺭ ‪‬ﺯﻗ‪‬ﻲ ‪‬ﺗ ‪‬‬
‫‪‬ﻳ ‪‬ﻌ‪‬ﺒ ‪‬ﺪ ﺍﻟﱠﻠ ‪‬ﻪ ﻟﹶﺎ ‪‬ﺷﺮﹺﻳ ‪‬‬
‫ﺸ‪‬ﺒ ‪‬ﻪ ﹺﺑ ﹶﻘ ‪‬ﻮ ﹴﻡ ﹶﻓ ‪‬ﻬ ‪‬ﻮ ‪‬ﻣ‪‬ﻨ ‪‬ﻬ ‪‬ﻢ"‬
‫ﻒ ﹶﺃ ‪‬ﻣﺮﹺﻱ ‪‬ﻭ ‪‬ﻣ ‪‬ﻦ ‪‬ﺗ ‪‬‬
‫ﺧ‪‬ﺎﹶﻟ ‪‬‬

‫)‪(١‬‬

‫‪.‬‬

‫)‪ (١‬ﺃﺧﺮﺟﻪ ﺃﲪﺪ ﰲ ﺍﳌﺴﻨﺪ )‪ ،١٢٤/٩‬ﲢﺖ ﺭﻗﻢ ‪ ٥١١٤‬ﺍﻟﺮﺳﺎﻟﺔ(‪ ،‬ﻭﺍﳊﺪﻳﺚ ﺿﻌﻒ ﺇﺳﻨﺎﺩﻩ ﳏﻘﻘـﻮ‬
‫ﺍﳌﺴﻨﺪ‪ ،‬ﻷﻥ ﰲ ﺳﻨﺪﻩ ﻋﺒﺪﺍﻟﺮﲪﻦ ﺑﻦ ﺛﺎﺑﺖ‪ ،‬ﻗﺎﻟﻮﺍ‪" :‬ﻭﻗﺪ ﺍﺧﺘﻠﻔﺖ ﻓﻴﻪ ﺃﻗﻮﺍﻝ ﺍ‪‬ﺮﺣﲔ ﻭﺍﳌﻌـﺪﻟﲔ‪،‬‬
‫=‬

‫ا
م  ق ق‬

‫‪٨‬‬

‫‬

‫ﺻﻠﱠﻰ ﺍﻟﱠﻠ ‪‬ﻪ ‪‬ﻋﹶﻠ‪‬ﻴ ‪‬ﻪ ‪‬ﻭﺳ‪‬ـﱠﻠ ‪‬ﻢ‬
‫ﺖ‪" :‬ﻣ‪‬ﺎ ‪‬ﺧ‪‬ﻴ ‪‬ﺮ ﺍﻟ‪‬ﻨﹺﺒ ‪‬ﻲ ‪‬‬
‫ﺿ ‪‬ﻲ ﺍﻟﱠﻠ ‪‬ﻪ ‪‬ﻋ‪‬ﻨﻬ‪‬ﺎ ﻗﹶﺎﹶﻟ ‪‬‬
‫ﺸ ﹶﺔ ‪‬ﺭ ‪‬‬
‫ﻭﻗﺪ ﺟ‪‬ﺎ َﺀ ‪‬ﻋ ‪‬ﻦ ﻋ‪‬ﺎ‪‬ﺋ ‪‬‬
‫ﺴ ‪‬ﺮ ‪‬ﻫﻤ‪‬ﺎ ﻣ‪‬ﺎ ﹶﻟ ‪‬ﻢ ‪‬ﻳ ﹾﺄﹶﺛ ‪‬ﻢ ﹶﻓﹺﺈﺫﹶﺍ ﻛﹶﺎ ﹶﻥ ﺍﹾﻟﹺﺈﹾﺛﻢ‪ ‬ﻛﹶﺎ ﹶﻥ ﹶﺃ‪‬ﺑ ‪‬ﻌ ‪‬ﺪ ‪‬ﻫﻤ‪‬ﺎ ‪‬ﻣ‪‬ﻨ ‪‬ﻪ ﻭ‪‬ﺍﻟﱠﻠ ‪‬ﻪ ﻣ‪‬ـﺎ‬
‫‪‬ﺑ‪‬ﻴ ‪‬ﻦ ﹶﺃ ‪‬ﻣ ‪‬ﺮ‪‬ﻳ ﹺﻦ ﹺﺇﻟﱠﺎ ﺍ ‪‬ﺧﺘ‪‬ﺎ ‪‬ﺭ ﹶﺃ‪‬ﻳ ‪‬‬
‫ﻚ ‪‬ﺣ ‪‬ﺮﻣ‪‬ﺎ ‪‬‬
‫ﻂ ‪‬ﺣﺘ‪‬ﻰ ‪‬ﺗ‪‬ﻨ‪‬ﺘ ‪‬ﻬ ‪‬‬
‫ﺴ ‪‬ﻪ ﻓ‪‬ﻲ ‪‬ﺷ ‪‬ﻲ ٍﺀ ‪‬ﻳ ‪‬ﺆﺗ‪‬ﻰ ﹺﺇﹶﻟ‪‬ﻴ ‪‬ﻪ ﹶﻗ ﱡ‬
‫ﺍ‪‬ﻧ‪‬ﺘ ﹶﻘ ‪‬ﻢ ‪‬ﻟ‪‬ﻨ ﹾﻔ ِ‬
‫ﺕ ﺍﻟﱠﻠ ‪‬ﻪ ﹶﻓ‪‬ﻴ‪‬ﻨ‪‬ﺘ ‪‬ﻘ ‪‬ﻢ ‪‬ﻟﱠﻠ ‪‬ﻪ")‪.(١‬‬
‫‪.‬‬
‫‪ -٣‬ﺍﻻﺗ‪‬ﺠ‪‬ﺎﻩ ﺍﻟﺪ‪‬ﻋ‪‬ﻮﻱ‪ ،‬ﻭﻳﺸﺘﻤﻞ ﻋﻠﻰ ﻋﺪ‪‬ﺓ ﺳﺒﻞ‪:‬‬
‫ﺠﻤ‪‬ﺎﻋ‪‬ﺎﺕ‪ ،‬ﻓﺬﻫﺐ ﻳﻘﻮﻝ‬
‫ﻼ ﻟﻠ ‪‬ﺪ ‪‬ﻋﻮ‪‬ﺓ ﺇ ﱠﻻ ﻋﻦ ﻃﺮﻳﻖ ﺍﹾﻟ ‪‬‬
‫ﻓﻬﻨﺎﻙ ‪‬ﻣ ‪‬ﻦ ﻻ ‪‬ﻳﺮ‪‬ﻯ ﺳﺒﻴ ﹰ‬
‫ﺑﺎﻷﺣﺰﺍﺏ‪ ،‬ﻭﻳﻌﻘﺪ ﻋﻠﻴﻬﺎ ﺍﻟﻮﻻﺀ ﻭﺍﻟﱪﺍﺀ‪ ،‬ﻭﻓ‪‬ﻲ ﺗﺼﻮﺭﻩ ﺃﻥ ﺍﻟ ‪‬ﻌﻤ‪‬ﻞ ﺍﻹﺳﻼﻣﻲ ﻻﺑﺪ ﺃﻥ‬
‫ﺠﻤ‪‬ﺎﻋ‪‬ﺎﺕ‪ ،‬ﻭﻳﺴﺘﺪﻝ ﻋﻠﻰ ﻣﺸﺮﻭﻋﻴﺘﻬﺎ!!‬
‫ﻳﻜﻮﻥ ﻋﻦ ﻃﺮﻳﻖ ‪‬ﺟﻤ‪‬ﺎﻋ‪‬ﺔ‪ ،‬ﻭﺻﺎﺭ ‪‬ﻳﺒ‪‬ﺮﺭ ﻟﻠ ‪‬‬
‫ﺠﻤ‪‬ﺎﻋﻲ ﻣﻄﻠﻘﹰﺎ‪ ،‬ﻭﻳﺮﻯ ﺃ ﱠﻥ ﺍﻟ ‪‬ﺪ ‪‬ﻋﻮ‪‬ﺓ ﻓﹶﺮﺩﻳ‪‬ﺔ‪ ،‬ﻭﻓﹶﺮﺩﻳ‪‬ﺔ‬
‫ﻭﻫﻨﺎﻙ ‪‬ﻣ ‪‬ﻦ ﻻ ‪‬ﻳﺮ‪‬ﻯ ﺍﻟ ‪‬ﻌﻤ‪‬ﻞ ﺍﹾﻟ ‪‬‬
‫ﺠﻤ‪‬ﺎﻋﻴ‪‬ﺔ ﻣﻄﻠﻘﹰﺎ!!‬
‫ﻓﻘﻂ؛ ﻭﻳﺮﺩ ﺍﻷﻋﻤﺎﻝ ﺍﹾﻟ ‪‬‬
‫ﺠﻤ‪‬ﺎﻋ‪‬ﺔ ﻟﻴﺴﺖ ﺷﺮﻃﹰﺎ ﻓ‪‬ﻲ ﺍﻟ ‪‬ﻌﻤ‪‬ﻞ ﺍﻟ ‪‬ﺪﻋ‪‬ﻮﻱ‪ ،‬ﻭﺃ ﱠﻥ ﺍﻟ ‪‬ﻌ ‪‬ﻤ ﹶﻞ‬
‫ﻭﺍﻟﺼ‪‬ﺮ‪‬ﺍﻁ ﺍﹾﻟﻤ‪‬ﺴﺘﻘﻴﻢ‪ :‬ﺃ ﱠﻥ ﺍﹾﻟ ‪‬‬
‫ﺠﻤ‪‬ﺎﻋ‪‬ﺎﺕ‪ ،‬ﻃﹶﺎﹶﻟﻤ‪‬ﺎ ﺃﻧﻪ ﺳ‪‬ﺎﻟ‪‬ﻢ ﻋﻦ ﺍﻻﻧﺘﻤﺎﺀﺍﺕ‬
‫ﺍﻹﺳﻼﻣﻲ ﻳﻘﻮﻡ ﺑﻪ ﺍﻷﻓﺮﺍﺩ‪ ،‬ﻭﻳﻘﻮﻡ ﺑﻪ ﺍﹾﻟ ‪‬‬
‫ﺍﹾﻟﺤ‪‬ﺰﺑﻴ‪‬ﺔ ﺍﱠﻟ‪‬ﺘﻲ ﻳ‪‬ﺤﺼﻞ ﻋﻠﻴﻬﺎ ﺍﻟﻮﻻﺀ ﻭﺍﻟﱪﺍﺀ‪ ،‬ﻭﻃﹶﺎﹶﻟﻤ‪‬ﺎ ﺃﻧﻪ ﺑﻌﻴﺪ ﻋﻦ ﺍﻟﺘﻔﺮﻕ ﻭﺍﻟﺘﺸﺮﺫﻡ‪ ،‬ﺑﻞ‬
‫ﺗﻌﺎﻭﻥ ﻋﻠﻰ ﺍﻟﱪ ﻭﺍﻟﺘﻘﻮﻯ‪.‬‬
‫=‬
‫ﻓﻤﻨﻬﻢ ﻣﻦ ﻗﻮ‪‬ﻯ ﺃﻣﺮﻩ‪ ،‬ﻭﻣﻨﻬﻢ ﻣﻦ ﺿﻌﻔﻪ‪ ،‬ﻭﻗﺪ ﺗﻐﻴ‪‬ﺮ ﺑﺄﺧﺮﺓ‪ ،‬ﻭﺧﻼﺻﺔ ﺍﻟﻘﻮﻝ ﻓﻴﻪ ﺃﻧﻪ ﺣﺴﻦ ﺍﳊﺪﻳﺚ‬
‫ﺇﺫﺍ ﱂ ﻳﺘﻔﺮﺩ ﲟﺎ ﻳﻨﻜﺮ‪ ،‬ﻓﻘﺪ ﺃﺷﺎﺭ ﺍﻹﻣﺎﻡ ﺃﲪﺪ ﺇﱃ ﺃﻥ ﻟﻪ ﺃﺣﺎﺩﻳﺚ ﻣﻨﻜﺮﺓ‪ ،‬ﻭﻫﺬﺍ ﻣﻨﻬﺎ"ﺍﻫـ ‪ ،‬ﻗﻠﺖ‪ :‬ﻣﺎ‬
‫ﺫﻛﺮﻭﻩ ﻓﻴﻪ ﻧﻈﺮ؛ ﻓﺈﻥ ﺍﺑﻦ ﺗﻴﻤﻴﺔ ﰲ ﺍﻗﺘﻀﺎﺀ ﺍﻟﺼﺮﺍﻁ ﺍﳌﺴﺘﻘﻴﻢ ﺫﻛﺮ ﺃﻥ ﺍﻹﻣﺎﻡ ﺃﲪﺪ ﻭﻏﲑﻩ ﺍﺣﺘﺞ ‪‬ﺬﺍ‬
‫ﺍﳊﺪﻳﺚ‪ ،‬ﻓﻜﻴﻒ ﻳﻜﻮﻥ ﻣﻦ ﻣﻨﺎﻛﲑ ﻋﺒﺪﺍﻟﺮﲪﻦ ﺑﻦ ﺛﺎﺑﺖ؟! ﻭﺍﳌﱳ ﻻ ﻧﻜﺎﺭﺓ ﻓﻴﻪ‪ ،‬ﺑﻞ ﺟﺎﺀ ﻣﺎ ﻳﺸﻬﺪ‬
‫ﻟﻪ‪ ،‬ﻭﻗﺪ ﺣﻜﻢ ﲜﻮﺩﺓ ﺍﳊﺪﻳﺚ ﺍﺑﻦ ﺗﻴﻤﻴﺔ ﰲ ﺍﻗﺘﻀﺎﺀ ﺍﻟﺼﺮﺍﻁ ﺍﳌﺴﺘﻘﻴﻢ )‪.(٢٦٨/١‬‬
‫)‪ (١‬ﺃﺧﺮﺟﻪ ﺍﻟﺒﺨﺎﺭﻱ ﰲ ﻛﺘﺎﺏ ﺍﳊﺪﻭﺩ‪ ،‬ﺑﺎﺏ ﺇﻗﺎﻣﺔ ﺍﳊﺪﻭﺩ ﻭﺍﻻﻧﺘﻘﺎﻡ ﳊﺮﻣـﺎﺕ ﺍﷲ‪ ،‬ﺣـﺪﻳﺚ ﺭﻗـﻢ‬
‫)‪ ،(٦٧٨٦‬ﻭﺍﻟﻠﻔﻆ ﻟﻪ‪ ،‬ﻭﻣﺴﻠﻢ ﰲ ﻛﺘﺎﺏ ﺍﻟﻔﻀﺎﺋﻞ‪ ،‬ﺑﺎﺏ ﻣﺒﺎﻋﺪﺗﻪ  ﻟﻶﺛﺎﻡ ﻭﺍﺧﺘﻴﺎﺭﻩ‪ ،‬ﺣﺪﻳﺚ ﺭﻗﻢ‬
‫)‪.(٢٣٢٧‬‬

‫ا ]‪ :[٢baz‬ﻋﻘﺏ ﻫﺫﺍ ﺍﻝﻜﻼﻡ‬
‫ﻤﻘﻁﻊ ﻓﻲ ﺜﻼﺜﺔ ﺃﺴﻁﺭ ﺤﺫﻓﺘﻬﺎ‪ ،‬ﻝﻤﺎ ﺴﺒﻕ‪.‬‬

‫ا
م  ق ق‬

‫‪٩‬‬

‫‬

‫ﻗﺎﻝ ﺍﷲ ‪-‬ﺗﺒﺎﺭﻙ ﻭﺗﻌ‪‬ﺎﻟﹶﻰ‪  :-‬ﻭ‪‬ﺗﻌ‪‬ﺎ ‪‬ﻭﻧ‪‬ﻮﹾﺍ ‪‬ﻋﻠﹶﻰ ﺍﹾﻟ ‪‬ﱪ ﻭ‪‬ﺍﻟ‪‬ﺘ ﹾﻘﻮ‪‬ﻯ ‪‬ﻭ ﹶﻻ ‪‬ﺗﻌ‪‬ﺎ ‪‬ﻭﻧ‪‬ﻮﹾﺍ ‪‬ﻋﻠﹶـﻰ ﺍ ِﻹﺛﹾـ ﹺﻢ‬
‫ﺏ‪.‬‬
‫‪‬ﻭﺍ ﹾﻝ ‪‬ﻋ ‪‬ﺪﻭ‪‬ﺍ ‪‬ﻥ ﻭ‪‬ﺍ‪‬ﺗﻘﹸﻮﹾﺍ ﺍﻟﱠﻠ ‪‬ﻪ ﹺﺇ ﱠﻥ ﺍﻟﱠﻠ ‪‬ﻪ ‪‬ﺷﺪ‪‬ﻳ ‪‬ﺪ ﺍﹾﻟ ‪‬ﻌﻘﹶﺎ ﹺ‬
‫ﺠﻤ‪‬ﺎﻋ‪‬ـﺔ‬
‫ﻕ ﺍﻟﻨﺎﺱ‪ ،‬ﻓﻴﺼﲑ ﻛﻞ ﻓﺮﺩ ﻣﻨﻬﻢ ﻟﻪ ﺣﺰﺏ ﻭ ‪‬ﺟﻤ‪‬ﺎﻋ‪‬ﺔ‪ ،‬ﻭﻫـﺬﻩ ﺍﹾﻟ ‪‬‬
‫ﺃﻣ‪‬ﺎ ﺃﻥ ‪‬ﻳ ﹶﻔ ‪‬ﺮ ‪‬‬
‫ﺗﻌ‪‬ﺎﺩﻱ ﻫﺬﻩ‪ ،‬ﻭﻛﻞ ﺣﺰﺏ ﹺﺑﻤ‪‬ﺎ ﻟﺪﻳﻬﻢ ﻓﹶﺮﺣ‪‬ﻮﻥ؛ ﻓﻬﺬﻩ ﺻﻮﺭﺓ ﺑﻌﻴﺪﺓ ﻋﻦ ﺻﻮﺭﺓ ﺍﹾﻟﻤ‪‬ﺠﺘ‪‬ﻤﻊ‬
‫ﺍﹾﻟﻤ‪‬ﺴﻠﻢ ﺍﻟﺬﻱ ﻭﺻﻔﻪ ﺍﻟﺮﺳﻮﻝ ج‪ ،‬ﻓﻴﻤﺎ ﺟﺎﺀ ﻋﻦ ﺃﺑﹺﻲ ﻣ‪‬ﻮﺳ‪‬ﻰ‪ ،‬ﻋﻦ ﺍﻟ‪‬ﻨﹺﺒ ‪‬ﻲ ج ﻗﹶﺎ ﹶ‬
‫ﻝ‪$ :‬ﹺﺇﻥﱠ‬
‫ﻚ ﹶﺃﺻ‪‬ﺎﺑ ‪‬ﻌ ‪‬ﻪ‪.(١).#‬‬
‫ﻀ ‪‬ﻪ ‪‬ﺑ ‪‬ﻌﻀ‪‬ﺎ‪ ،‬ﻭ ‪‬ﺷ‪‬ﺒ ‪‬‬
‫ﺸﺪ‪ ‬ﺑ ‪‬ﻌ ‪‬‬
‫ﺍﹾﻟ ‪‬ﻤ ‪‬ﺆ ‪‬ﻣ ‪‬ﻦ ‪‬ﻟ ﹾﻠ ‪‬ﻤﺆ‪‬ﻣﻦ ﻛﹶﺎﹾﻟ‪‬ﺒ ‪‬ﻨﻴ‪‬ﺎﻥ‪ ،‬ﻳ ‪‬‬
‫ﲔ ﻓ‪‬ـﻲ ﺗـﻮ‪‬ﺍﺩ‪ ‬ﻫ ‪‬ﻢ‬
‫ﻝ ﺍﷲ ج‪ $ :‬ﻣﺜﹶـ ﹸﻞ ﺍﹾﻟﻤ‪‬ـ ‪‬ﺆ ‪‬ﻣﹺﻨ ‪‬‬
‫ﻭﻋﻦ ﺍﻟ‪‬ﻨ ‪‬ﻌﻤ‪‬ﺎ ‪‬ﻥ ﺑﻦ ﺑ‪‬ﺸﲑ ﻗﹶﺎ ﹶﻝ‪ :‬ﻗﹶﺎ ﹶﻝ ‪‬ﺭﺳ‪‬ﻮ ﹸ‬
‫ﺴ ‪‬ﺪ ﺑﹺﺎﻟـﺴ‪ ‬ﻬ ﹺﺮ‬
‫ﺠ‪‬‬
‫ﻀ ‪‬ﻮ؛ ﺗﺪ‪‬ﺍﻋ‪‬ﻰ ﹶﻟ ‪‬ﻪ ﺳ‪‬ﺎ‪‬ﺋ ‪‬ﺮ ﺍﹾﻟ ‪‬‬
‫ﺴ ‪‬ﺪ‪ ،‬ﹺﺇﺫﹶﺍ ﺍ ‪‬ﺷ‪‬ﺘﻜﹶﻰ ‪‬ﻣ ‪‬ﻨ ‪‬ﻪ ‪‬ﻋ ‪‬‬
‫ﺠ‪‬‬
‫ﻭﺗﺮ‪‬ﺍ ‪‬ﺣ ‪‬ﻤ ﹺﻬ ‪‬ﻢ ﻭﺗﻌ‪‬ﺎ ﹸﻃ ‪‬ﻔ ﹺﻬ ‪‬ﻢ ‪‬ﻣﹶﺜ ﹸﻞ ﺍﹾﻟ ‪‬‬

‫ﻭ‪‬ﺍﹾﻟ ‪‬ﺤﻤ‪‬ﻰ‪.(٢).#‬‬
‫ﻭﻓ‪‬ﻲ ﺍﻻﺗ‪‬ﺠ‪‬ﺎﻩ ﺍﻟﺪﻋﻮﻱ ﺳ‪‬ﺒﻞ ﻣﻦ ﺟﻬﺔ ﺃﺧﺮﻯ‪:‬‬
‫ﻓﻤﻨﻬﻢ ﻣﻦ ﻳﻘﻮﻝ‪ :‬ﻭﺳ‪‬ﺎﺋﻞ ﺍﻟ ‪‬ﺪ ‪‬ﻋﻮ‪‬ﺓ ﺍﺟﺘﻬﺎﺩﻳ‪‬ﺔ؛ ﻓﻠﻠﺪﺍﻋﻴﺔ ﺃﻥ ﻳﺴﺘﻌﲔ ﺑﺎﻟ ‪‬ﻮﺳ‪‬ﺎﺋﻞ‬
‫ﺍﹾﻟﻤ‪‬ﻤﻜﻨﺔ ﻣﻦ ﺃﺟﻞ ﺍﻟ ‪‬ﺪﻋ‪‬ﻮ‪‬ﺓ‪ ،‬ﻣﻦ ﺩﺧﻮﻝ ﻓ‪‬ﻲ ﺍﻟﱪﹶﻟﻤ‪‬ﺎﻧﺎﺕ‪ ،‬ﻭ ‪‬ﻋﻤ‪‬ﻞ ﺍﻟﺘﻤﺜﻴﻠﻴﺎﺕ‪ ،‬ﻭﺇﺣﺪﺍﺙ‬
‫ﺍﻟﻌﻬﺪ‪ ،‬ﻭﺃﺧﺬ ﺍﻟﺒﻴﻌ‪‬ﺎﺕ‪ ،‬ﻭﻏﲑﻩ ﻣﻦ ﺍﻷﻣﻮﺭ ﺍﱠﻟﺘ‪‬ﻲ ﻳﺆﺩﻱ ﺍﺟﺘﻬﺎﺩﻫﻢ ﻭﻧﻈﻬﺮﻫﻢ ﺇﻟﹶﻰ ﻋﻤﻠﻬﺎ‬
‫ﺤﺴ‪‬ﺐ ﻇﻨﻬﻢ!!‬
‫ﻓ‪‬ﻲ ﺳﺒﻴﻞ ﺍﻟ ‪‬ﺪ ‪‬ﻋﻮ‪‬ﺓ ﹺﺑ ‪‬‬
‫ﻭﻣﻨﻬﻢ ﻣﻦ ﻳﻘﻮﻝ‪ :‬ﺍﻟ ‪‬ﻮﺳ‪‬ﺎﺋﻞ ﺗﻮﻗﻴﻔﻴ‪‬ﺔ‪ ،‬ﻓﻼ ‪‬ﻣﺠ‪‬ﺎﻝ ﻷﻱ ﻭﺳﻴﻠﺔ ﻓ‪‬ﻲ ﺍﻟ ‪‬ﺪ ‪‬ﻋﻮ‪‬ﺓ ﹶﻟ ‪‬ﻢ ‪‬ﻳ ﹺﺮ ‪‬ﺩ ﹺﺑﻬ‪‬ﺎ‬
‫ﺴﺠ‪‬ﻼﺕ ﻭﻧ‪‬ﺤﻮﻫ‪‬ﺎ ﻓ‪‬ﻲ‬
‫ﺍﻟﻨﺺ‪ ،‬ﻭﻳ‪‬ﻀﻴ‪‬ﻘﻮﻥ ﻓ‪‬ﻲ ﺫﻟﻚ ﻭﺍﺳﻌ‪‬ﺎ؛ ﻓﻴﻤﺘﻨﻌﻮﻥ ﻋﻦ ﺍﺳﺘﻌﻤﺎﻝ ﺍﹾﻟ ‪‬ﻤ ‪‬‬
‫ﺍﻟ ‪‬ﺪ ‪‬ﻋﻮ‪‬ﺓ؛ ﻷ‪‬ﻧﻬ‪‬ﺎ ﺣﺎﺩﺛﺔ!!‬

‫ﻭﺍﻟﺼ‪‬ﺮ‪‬ﺍﻁ ﺍﹾﻟﻤ‪‬ﺴﺘﻘﻴﻢ ﻓ‪‬ﻲ ﺫﻟﻚ ﻫﻮ‪ :‬ﺍﻟﺘﻔﺮﻳﻖ ﺑﲔ ‪‬ﻭﺳ‪‬ﺎﺋﻞ ﺍﻟ ‪‬ﺪ ‪‬ﻋﻮ‪‬ﺓ‪ ،‬ﻭﺑﲔ ﹸﻃﺮ‪‬ﻕ ﻧﻘﻞ ﺍﻟﺪﻋﻮﺓ‪:‬‬
‫)‪ (١‬ﺃﺧﺮﺟﻪ ﺍﻟﺒﺨﺎﺭﻱ ﰲ ﻛﺘﺎﺏ ﺍﻟﺼﻼﺓ‪ ،‬ﺑﺎﺏ ﺗﺸﺒﻴﻚ ﺍﻷﺻﺎﺑﻊ ﰲ ﺍﳌﺴﺠﺪ ﻭﻏﲑﻩ‪ ،‬ﺣﺪﻳﺚ ﺭﻗﻢ )‪،(٤٨١‬‬
‫ﻭﻣﺴﻠﻢ ﰲ ﻛﺘﺎﺏ ﺍﻟﱪ ﻭﺍﻟﺼﻠﺔ ﻭﺍﻷﺫﺍﻥ‪ ،‬ﺗﺮﺍﺣﻢ ﺍﳌﺆﻣﻨﲔ ﻭﺗﻌﺎﻃﻔﻬﻢ ﻭﺗﻌﺎﺿﺪﻫﻢ )‪. (٢٥٨٥‬‬
‫)‪ (٢‬ﺃﺧﺮﺟﻪ ﻣﺴﻠﻢ ﰲ ﻛﺘﺎﺏ ﺍﻟﱪ ﻭﺍﻟﺼﻠﺔ ﻭﺍﻵﺩﺍﺏ‪ ،‬ﺑﺎﺏ ﺗﺮﺍﺣﻢ ﺍﳌﺆﻣﻨﲔ ﻭﺗﻌﺎﻃﻔﻬﻢ ﻭﺗﻌﺎﺿﺪﻫﻢ‪.‬ﺣﺪﻳﺚ‬
‫ﺭﻗﻢ )‪.(٢٥٨٦‬‬

‫ا
م  ق ق‬

‫‪١٠‬‬

‫‬

‫ﻓﻮﺳﺎﺋﻞ ﺍﻟﺪﻋﻮﺓ‪ :‬ﻭﻫﻲ ﺍﻷﻗﻮﺍﻝ ﻭﺍﻷﻓﻌﺎﻝ ﺍﱠﻟﺘ‪‬ﻲ ﺗ‪‬ﺠﻌﻞ ﻗﺎﻟﺒ‪‬ﺎ ﻟﻌﺮﺽ ﺍﹾﻟ ‪‬ﻤﻌ‪‬ﺎﱐ ﺍﻟﺸ‪‬ﺮﻋﻴ‪‬ﺔ‬
‫ﻭﻫﻴﺌﺔ ﺗﺒﻠﻴﻐﻬﺎ‪.‬‬
‫ﻭﻃﺮﻕ ﻧﻘﻞ ﺍﻟﺪ‪ ‬ﻋﻮ‪‬ﺓ ﻫﻲ‪ :‬ﺍﻷﻭﻋﻴﺔ ﺍﱠﻟﺘ‪‬ﻲ ﺗ‪‬ﺤﻤﻞ ﻓﻴﻬﺎ ﻫﺬﻩ ﺍﻷﻗﻮﺍﻝ‪ ،‬ﺇﻣ‪‬ﺎ ﺁﻧﻴ‪‬ﺎ ﻣﺜﻞ‬
‫ﻼ ﺻﻮﺗﻴ‪‬ﺎ‬
‫ﺴﻤ‪‬ﺎﻋﺎﺕ‪ ،‬ﻭﺇﻣ‪‬ﺎ ﺗﺴﺠﻴ ﹰ‬
‫ﻣ‪‬ﻜﺒ‪‬ﺮ ﺍﻟﺼﻮﺕ‪ ،‬ﺃﻭ ﻣﺒﻠﻎ ﺍﻟﺼﻮﺕ‪ ،‬ﻭﻧﺎﻗﻞ ﺍﻟﺼﻮﺕ‪ ،‬ﺃﻭ ﺍﻟ ‪‬‬
‫ﺃﻭ ﻛﺘﺎﺑﻴ‪‬ﺎ‪ ،‬ﹺﺑﺤ‪‬ﻴﺚ ﻳ‪‬ﻤﻜﻦ ﺍﺳﺘﺮﺟﺎﻋﻪ ﻓ‪‬ﻲ ﺃﻱ ﻭﻗﺖ ﻣﺜﻞ ﺁﻻﺕ ﺍﻟﺘﺴﺠﻴﻞ ﺍﻟﺼﻮﰐ‪ ،‬ﺃﻭ‬
‫ﺴﻤ‪‬ﺎﺓ ﺑﺎﻟﻔﻴﺪﻳﻮ‪ ،-‬ﻭﻧ‪‬ﺤﻮ ﺫﻟﻚ‪ ،‬ﻓﻬﺬﻩ ﺁﻻﺕ ﻟﻨﻘﻞ ﺍﻟ ‪‬ﺪ ‪‬ﻋﻮ‪‬ﺓ‪،‬‬
‫ﺍﻟﺼﻮﺕ ﻣﻊ ﺍﻟﺼﻮﺭﺓ ‪-‬ﺍﹾﻟ ‪‬ﻤ ‪‬‬
‫ﹺﺑﺤ‪‬ﺴﺐ ﺍﻟﻮﺳﻴﻠﺔ ﺍﱠﻟﺘ‪‬ﻲ ﻫﻲ ﻓﻴﻬﺎ‪.‬‬
‫ﻓﹶﺎﻟ ‪‬ﻮﺳ‪‬ﺎﺋﻞ ﺑﺎﹾﻟﻤ‪‬ﻌﻨ‪‬ﻰ ﺍﻷﻭﻝ ﺗﻮﻗﻴﻔﻴ‪‬ﺔ‪ ،‬ﻟﻴﺲ ﻷﺣﺪ ﺃﻥ ﻳﺄﰐ ﺑﺄﻱ ﺃﻗﻮﺍﻝ ﻭﺃﻓﻌﺎﻝ ﻏﲑ ﻣﺎ‬
‫ﺤﺬﹶﺭ ﻣﻦ ﺍﻟﱪﹶﻟﻤ‪‬ﺎﻧﺎﺕ ﻭﺍﻟﺘﻤﺜﻴﻠﻴﺎﺕ‬
‫ﺤﺬﹶﺭ ﻛﻞ ﺍﹾﻟ ‪‬‬
‫ﻛﺎﻥ ﻋﻠﻴﻪ ﺍﻟﺮﺳﻮﻝ ج ﻭﺃﺻﺤﺎﺑﻪ‪ ،‬ﻭﺍﹾﻟ ‪‬‬
‫ﻭﻧ‪‬ﺤﻮﻫﺎ ﺃﻥ ﺗﺘﺨﺬ ‪‬ﻭﺳ‪‬ﺎﺋﻞ ﻟﻠ ‪‬ﺪ ‪‬ﻋﻮ‪‬ﺓ؛ ﻓﻜﻠﻬﺎ ﺃﻣﻮﺭ ﺣﺎﺩﺛﺔ‪.‬‬
‫ﻭﺇ‪‬ﻧﻤ‪‬ﺎ ﻳﺴﺘﻌﻤﻞ ﻓ‪‬ﻲ ﺫﻟﻚ ﻣﺎ ﺟﺎﺀ ﺑﻪ ﺍﻟﺸﺮﻉ ﻛﺎﹾﻟﻤ‪‬ﻮﻋﻈﺔ‪ ،‬ﺃﻭ ﺍﻟﹾﺤﻮ‪‬ﺍﺭ‪ ،‬ﺃﻭ ﺍﻟﻘﺼ‪‬ﺔ‪،‬‬
‫ﺃﻭ ﺍﻟﺘﻄﺒﻴﻖ ﺍﻟ ‪‬ﻌﻤ‪‬ﻠﻲ‪ ،‬ﻓﻜﻞ ﻫﺬﻩ ‪‬ﻭﺳ‪‬ﺎﺋﻞ ﺷﺮﻋﻴ‪‬ﺔ ﻟﺘﺒﻠﻴﻎ ﺍﻟﻌﻠﻢ ﻭﺍﻟﺪﻋﻮﺓ ﺇﻟﻴﻪ‪ ،‬ﹶﻟﻬ‪‬ﺎ ﺃﺻﻞ ﻓ‪‬ﻲ‬
‫ﺍﻟﺸﺮﻉ‪.‬‬
‫ﻣﺜ ﹰﻼ‪ :‬ﺃﺳﻠﻮﺏ ﺍﻟﹾﺤﻮ‪‬ﺍﺭ ﻣﻦ ﺃﺟﻞ ﺍﻟﺘﻌﻠﻴﻢ ﻭﺍﻟﺘﺒﻠﻴﻎ ﺃﺻﻠﻪ ﻓ‪‬ﻲ ﺣﺪﻳﺚ ﺟﱪﻳﻞ ﺍﻟﻄﻮﻳﻞ ﹶﻟﻤ‪‬ﺎ‬
‫ﺟ‪‬ﺎﺀ ﻭﺳﺄﻝ ﺍﻟﺮﺳﻮﻝ ﻋﻦ ﺍﻹﺳﻼﻡ ﻭﺍﻹ‪‬ﻳﻤ‪‬ﺎﻥ ﻭﺍﻹﺣﺴﺎﻥ ﻭﺃﻣﺎﺭﺍﺕ ﺍﻟﺴﺎﻋﺔ‪ ،‬ﻭﻓ‪‬ﻲ ﺁﺧـﺮﻩ‬
‫ﻗﺎﻝ ﺭﺳﻮﻝ ﺍﷲ ج‪ $ :‬ﻫﺬﹶﺍ ﹺﺟﺒ‪‬ﺮﻳ ﹸﻞ ﺟ‪‬ﺎ َﺀ ‪‬ﻳ ‪‬ﻌﻠﱢ ‪‬ﻤ ﹸﻜ ‪‬ﻢ ﺃﻣ‪‬ﻮ ‪‬ﺭ ﺩ‪‬ﻳﹺﻨ ﹸﻜ ‪‬ﻢ‪.(١).#‬‬
‫ﻓﻬﺬﺍ ﺍﹾﻟﺤ‪‬ﺪﻳﺚ ﺃﺻﻞ ﻓ‪‬ﻲ ﺍﺳﺘﻌﻤﺎﻝ ﺃﺳﻠﻮﺏ ﺍﻟﹾﺤﻮ‪‬ﺍﺭ‪.‬‬
‫ﺻﻠﱠﻰ‪ ،‬ﻭﻗـﺎﻝ‪:‬‬
‫ﻣﺜﺎﻝ ﺁﺧﺮ‪ :‬ﺃﺳﻠﻮﺏ ﺍﻟﺘﻄﺒﻴﻖ ﺍﻟﻌﻤﻠﻲ‪ ،‬ﺃﺻﻠﻪ ﻣﺎ ﺟﺎﺀ ﻋﻦ ﺍﻟﺮﺳﻮﻝ ﺃﻧﻪ ‪‬‬
‫)‪ (١‬ﺃﺧﺮﺟﻪ ﺍﻟﺒﺨﺎﺭﻱ ﰲ ﻛﺘﺎﺏ ﺍﻹﳝﺎﻥ‪ ،‬ﺑﺎﺏ ﺳﺆﺍﻝ ﺟﱪﻳﻞ ﺍﻟﻨﱯ ‪ ،‬ﺣﺪﻳﺚ ﺭﻗﻢ )‪ ،(٥٠‬ﻭﻣـﺴﻠﻢ ﰲ‬
‫ﻛﺘﺎﺏ ﺍﻹﳝﺎﻥ ﺑﺎﺏ ﺑﻴﺎﻥ ﺍﻹﳝﺎﻥ ﻭﺍﻹﺳﻼﻡ ﻭﺍﻹﺣﺴﺎﻥ‪ ،‬ﺣﺪﻳﺚ ﺭﻗﻢ )‪ .(٩‬ﻣﻦ ﺣﺪﻳﺚ ﺃﰊ ﻫﺮﻳـﺮﺓ‬
‫‪ ،‬ﻭﺃﺧﺮﺟﻪ ﻣﺴﻠﻢ ﰲ ﻛﺘﺎﺏ ﺍﻹﳝﺎﻥ ﺑﺎﺏ ﺑﻴﺎﻥ ﺍﻹﳝﺎﻥ ﻭﺍﻹﺳﻼﻡ ﻭﺍﻹﺣﺴﺎﻥ‪ ،‬ﺣﺪﻳﺚ ﺭﻗﻢ )‪.(٨‬‬
‫ﻣﻦ ﺣﺪﻳﺚ ﻋﻤﺮ ﺑﻦ ﺍﳋﻄﺎﺏ ‪.‬‬

‫ا
م  ق ق‬

‫‪١١‬‬

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‫ﺻﻠﱢﻲ‪.(١)#‬‬
‫ﺻﻠﱡﻮﺍ ﹶﻛﻤ‪‬ﺎ ﺭ‪‬ﺃﻳ‪‬ﺘﻤ‪‬ﻮﻧﹺﻲ ﺃ ‪‬‬
‫‪ $‬‬
‫ﺞ‪$ :‬ﻟﺘ‪‬ﺄ ‪‬ﺧﺬﹸﻭﺍ ‪‬ﻣﻨ‪‬ﺎﺳ‪‬ـ ﹶﻜ ﹸﻜﻢ‪‬؛ ﻓﹶـﺈﱐ ﻻ‬
‫ﺤ‪‬‬
‫‪‬ﻭ ‪‬ﺣ ‪‬ﺞ ‪-‬ﻋﻠﻴﻪ ﺍﻟﺼ‪‬ﻼﺓ ﻭﺍﻟﺴﻼﻡ‪ ،-‬ﻭﻗﺎﻝ ﺃﺛﻨﺎﺀ ﺍﹾﻟ ‪‬‬
‫ﺃ ‪‬ﺩﺭﹺﻱ ﹶﻟ ‪‬ﻌﻠﱢﻲ ﻻ ﹶﺃ ‪‬ﺣﺞ‪ ‬ﺑ ‪‬ﻌ ‪‬ﺪ ‪‬ﺣﺠ‪‬ﺘ‪‬ﻲ ‪‬ﻫ ‪‬ﺬ ‪‬ﻩ‪.(٢)#‬‬
‫ﻭﺃﺳﻠﻮﺏ ﺍﻟﻘﺼ‪‬ﺔ ﻓ‪‬ﻲ ﺍﻟﺘﻌﻠﻴﻢ ﻭﺗﺒﻠﻴﻎ ﺍﹾﻟ ‪‬ﻤﻌ‪‬ﺎﱐ ﺍﻟﺸﺮﻋﻴ‪‬ﺔ ﻭﺍﻟ ‪‬ﺪ ‪‬ﻋﻮ‪‬ﺓ ﺇﻟﻴﻬﺎ ﻟﻪ ﺃﺻـﻠﻪ ﻓ‪‬ـﻲ‬
‫ﺍﻟﻘﺮﺁﻥ ﻭﺍﻟﺴﻨ‪‬ﺔ ﺃﻇﻬﺮ ﻭﺃﺷﻬﺮ ﻣﻦ ﺃﻥ ﺃ ‪‬ﻣﱢﺜ ﹶﻞ ﻟﻪ)‪ ،(٣‬ﻓﻬﺬﻩ ﺟ‪‬ﻤﻠﹶﺔ ﻣﻦ ﺃﺳـﺎﻟﻴﺐ ﺍﻟـ ‪‬ﺪ ‪‬ﻋﻮ‪‬ﺓ‬
‫ﺍﹾﻟﻤ‪‬ﺸﺮ‪‬ﻭﻋ‪‬ﺔَ‪.‬‬
‫ﺼﺤ‪‬ﺎﺑﺔ ي ‪‬ﻋﱠﻠ ‪‬ﻢ ﺍﻟﻨﺎﺱ ﺍﹾﻟ ‪‬ﻤﻌ‪‬ﺎﱐ‬
‫ﻭﹶﻟ ‪‬ﻢ ﻧﻌﻬﺪ ﺃﻥ ﺍﻟ ‪‬ﺮﺳ‪‬ﻮ ﹶﻝ ج ﺃﻭ ﺃﺣﺪ‪‬ﺍ ﻣﻦ ﺍﻟ ‪‬‬
‫ﺨﺮ‪‬ﻭﺝ ﺍﻟﺒﺪﻋﻲ‬
‫ﺍﻟﺸ‪‬ﺮﻋﻴ‪‬ﺔ ﺑﺼﻮﺭﺓ ﺍﻟﺘﻤﺜﻴﻠﻴﺎﺕ‪ ،‬ﺃﻭ ﺑﺼﻮﺭﺓ ﺍﻟﱪﹶﻟﻤ‪‬ﺎﻧﺎﺕ‪ ،‬ﺃﻭ ﻋﻦ ﻃﺮﻳﻖ ﺍﹾﻟ ‪‬‬
‫ﻋﻠﻰ ﺗﺮﺗﻴﺐ ﻣ‪‬ﻌﻴ‪‬ﻦ ﻷﺭﺑﻌﲔ ﻳﻮﻣ‪‬ﺎ‪ ،‬ﺃﻭ ﻟﺜﻼﺛﺔ ﺃﻳﺎﻡ‪ ،‬ﺃﻭ ﻏﲑ ﺫﻟﻚ‪ ،‬ﺃﻭ ﻋﻦ ﻃﺮﻳﻖ ﺍﻷﻧﺎﺷﻴﺪ‪،‬‬
‫ﻀﺮ‪‬ﺓ ﻭﺍﹾﻟﻤ‪‬ﺸﻬ‪‬ﺪ ﻭﺍﹾﻟﻤ‪‬ﻮﻟﺪ؛‬
‫ﺤ ‪‬‬
‫ﺠﹶﻠﺴ‪‬ﺎﺕ‪ ،‬ﺃﻭ ﺍﻻﺟﺘﻤ‪‬ﺎﻋ‪‬ﺎﺕ ﺍﻟﺒﺪﻋﻴ‪‬ﺔ ﻛﺎﹾﻟ ‪‬‬
‫ﺃﻭ ﺍﻟﺮﻗﺺ‪ ،‬ﺃﻭ ﺍﹾﻟ ‪‬‬
‫ﻓﻜﻞ ﻫﺬﻩ ﺍﻟ ‪‬ﻮﺳ‪‬ﺎﺋﻞ ﺣﺎﺩﺛﺔ‪.‬‬
‫ﻭ ﹶﻗ ‪‬ﺪ ﻗﹶﺎ ﹶﻝ ‪‬ﺭﺳ‪‬ﻮ ﹸ‬
‫ﺲ ‪‬ﻋ ﹶﻠ ‪‬ﻴ ‪‬ﻪ ﺃ ‪‬ﻣﺮ‪‬ﻧﺎ؛ ﹶﻓ ‪‬ﻬ ‪‬ﻮ ‪‬ﺭﺩ‪.(٤).#‬‬
‫ﻼ ﹶﻟ ‪‬ﻴ ‪‬‬
‫ﻝ ﺍﷲ ج‪ $ :‬ﻣ ‪‬ﻦ ‪‬ﻋ ‪‬ﻤ ﹶﻞ ‪‬ﻋ ‪‬ﻤ ﹰ‬
‫ﺻ‪‬ﻨ ‪‬ﻊ ﺃ ‪‬ﻣﺮ‪‬ﺍ ‪‬ﻋﻠﹶﻰ ﹶﻏ ‪‬ﻴ ﹺﺮ ﺃ ‪‬ﻣﺮﹺﻧﺎ؛ ﹶﻓ ‪‬ﻬ ‪‬ﻮ ‪‬ﺭﺩ‪.#‬‬
‫‪‬ﻭﻓ‪‬ﻲ ﻟﹶﻔﻆ ﻋﻨﺪ ﺃﰊ ﺩﺍﻭﺩ)‪$ :(٥‬ﻣ‪ ‬ﻦ ‪‬‬
‫ﺃ ‪‬ﻣﺎ ﺁﻻﺕ ﺍﻟﻨﻘﻞ ﺍﻵﻧﻴﺔ ﺃﻭ ﺍﻟﺘﺴﺠﻴﻠﻴ‪‬ﺔ؛ ﻓﻬﺬﻩ ﺍﻷﺻﻞ ﺃ‪‬ﻧﻬ‪‬ﺎ ‪‬ﻣﺒ‪‬ﺎﺣ‪‬ﺔ‪ ،‬ﻭﺇ‪‬ﻧﻤ‪‬ﺎ ﺍﻟﻜﻼﻡ ﻋﻠﻰ ﻣـﺎ‬
‫)‪ (١‬ﺃﺧﺮﺟﻪ ﺍﻟﺒﺨﺎﺭﻱ ﰲ ﻛﺘﺎﺏ ﺍﻷﺫﺍﻥ‪ ،‬ﺑﺎﺏ ﺍﻷﺫﺍﻥ ﻟﻠﻤﺴﺎﻓﺮ ﺇﺫﺍ ﻛﺎﻧﻮﺍ ﲨﺎﻋﺔ ﻭﺍﻹﻗﺎﻣﺔ‪ ،‬ﺣﺪﻳﺚ ﺭﻗـﻢ‬
‫)‪.(٦٣١‬‬
‫)‪ (٢‬ﺃﺧﺮﺟﻪ ﻣﺴﻠﻢ ﰲ ﻛﺘﺎﺏ ﺍﳊﺞ‪ ،‬ﺑﺎﺏ ﺍﺳﺘﺤﺒﺎﺏ ﺭﻣﻲ ﲨﺮﺓ ﺍﻟﻌﻘﺒﺔ ﻳـﻮﻡ ﺍﻟﻨﺤـﺮ‪ ،‬ﺣـﺪﻳﺚ ﺭﻗـﻢ‬
‫)‪.(١٢٩٧‬‬
‫)‪ (٣‬ﻣﻊ ﻣﻼﺣﻈﺔ ﺃﻥ ﺍﻟﺘﻮﺳﻊ ﰲ ﺃﺳﻠﻮﺏ ﺍﻟﻮﻋﻆ ﺑﺎﻟﻘﺼﺺ ﺍﻟﱵ ﱂ ﺗﺄﺕ ﰲ ﺍﻟﻘﺮﺁﻥ ﺍﻟﻌﻈﻴﻢ ﻭﺍﻟﺴﻨﺔ ﺍﻟﻨﺒﻮﻳﺔ‪،‬‬
‫ﻓﻴﻪ ﳏﺎﺫﻳﺮ ﻛﺜﲑﺓ‪ ،‬ﻓﻴﻨﻴﻐﻲ ﺍﻻﻗﺘﺼﺎﺭ ﻋﻠﻰ ﺍﻟﻘﺼﺺ ﺍﻟﻮﺍﺭﺩ ﻓﻘﻂ ﺩﻭﻥ ﻏﲑﻩ‪ ،‬ﻭﺍﷲ ﺍﳌﻮﻓﻖ‪.‬‬
‫)‪ (٤‬ﺃﺧﺮﺟﻪ ﺍﻟﺒﺨﺎﺭﻱ ﰲ ﻛﺘﺎﺏ ﺍﻟﺼﻠﺢ‪ ،‬ﺇﺫﺍ ﺍﺻﻄﻠﺤﻮﺍ ﻋﻠﻰ ﺻﻠﺢ ﺟﻮﺭ‪ ،‬ﻓﺎﻟﺼﻠﺢ ﻣﺮﺩﻭﺩ‪ ،‬ﺣﺪﻳﺚ ﺭﻗﻢ‬
‫)‪ ،(٢٦٩٧‬ﻭﻣﺴﻠﻢ ﰲ ﻛﺘﺎﺏ ﺍﻷﻗﻀﻴﺔ‪ ،‬ﺑﺎﺏ ﻧﻘﺾ ﺍﻷﺣﻜﺎﻡ ﺍﻟﺒﺎﻃﻠﺔ ﻭﺭﺩ ﳏﺪﺛﺎﺕ ﺍﻷﻣﻮﺭ‪ ،‬ﺣﺪﻳﺚ‬
‫ﺭﻗﻢ )‪ .(١٧١٨‬ﻭﺍﻟﻠﻔﻆ ﻟﻪ‪.‬‬
‫)‪ (٥‬ﰲ ﻛﺘﺎﺏ ﺍﻟﺴﻨﺔ‪ ،‬ﺑﺎﺏ ﰲ ﻟﺰﻭﻡ ﺍﻟﺴﻨﺔ‪ ،‬ﺣﺪﻳﺚ ﺭﻗﻢ )‪.(٤٦٠٦‬‬

‫ا
م  ق ق‬

‫‪١٢‬‬

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‫ﻳﻨﻘﻞ ﻓﻴﻬﺎ‪ ،‬ﻓﻴﺤﻜﻢ ﻓﻴﻪ ﹺﺑﺤ‪‬ﺴﺒﻪ‪ ،‬ﻭﻟﻠﻤﺴﻠﻢ ﺃﻥ ﻳ‪‬ﺠﺘﻬﺪ ﻓ‪‬ﻲ ﺍﺳﺘﻌﻤﺎﻝ ﻫﺬﻩ ﺍﻵﻻﺕ ﻓ‪‬ﻲ‬
‫ﺗﺒﻠﻴﻎ ﺍﻟ ‪‬ﺪ ‪‬ﻋﻮ‪‬ﺓ ﹺﺑﻤ‪‬ﺎ ﻳﺮﺍﻩ ﻣﻨﺎﺳﺒ‪‬ﺎ‪.‬‬
‫‪ -٤‬ﺍﻻﺗ‪‬ﺠ‪‬ﺎﻩ ﺍﻷﺧﻼﻗﻲ‪ ،‬ﻭﻟﻪ ﺳﺒﻞ‪:‬‬
‫ﻓﹶﻤﻦ ﺍﻟﻨﺎﺱ ‪‬ﻣ ‪‬ﻦ ﺫﻫﺐ ﻳ‪‬ﺨﻮﺽ ﻓ‪‬ﻲ ﺃﺧﻼﻗﻪ ﻋﻠﻰ ﻃﺮﻳﻘﺔ ﻓﻼﺳﻔﺔ ﺍﻟﻴﻮﻧﺎﻥ‪ ،‬ﻭﺃﺭﺑﺎﺏ‬
‫ﺍﻟ ‪‬ﺮ‪‬ﻳﺎﺿ‪‬ﺎﺕ ﻣﻦ ﺩﻳﺎﻧﺎﺕ ﺍﹾﻟﻬﹺﻨﺪ ﺍﻟﻘﹶﺪ‪‬ﻳﻤ‪‬ﺔ‪ ،‬ﻭﻧ‪‬ﺤﻮ ﺫﻟﻚ‪.‬‬
‫ﻭﻣﻦ ﺍﻟﻨﺎﺱ ‪‬ﻣ ‪‬ﻦ ﺫﻫﺐ ﻳ‪‬ﺨﻮﺽ ﻓ‪‬ﻲ ﺍﻟﺴ‪‬ﻠﻮﻙ ﻭﺍﻟﺘﺮﺑﻴﺔ ﻋﻠﻰ ﻃﺮﻳﻘﺔ ﺍﻟﺼ‪‬ﻮﻓﻴﺔ‬
‫ﺍﹾﻟ ‪‬ﻤﺨ‪‬ﺎﻟﻔﺔ ‪‬ﻟﻤ‪‬ﺎ ﻛﺎﻥ ﻋﻠﻴﻪ ﺍﻟ ‪‬ﺮﺳ‪‬ﻮﻝ ج ﻭﺃﺻﺤﺎﺑﻪ‪ ،‬ﻓﻴﺴﺘﺪﻋﻲ ﺑﺎﻟ ‪‬ﺮﻳ‪‬ﺎﺿ‪‬ﺎﺕ ﺍﻟﻜﺸﻒ‪،‬‬
‫ﻭﺍﹾﻟ ‪‬ﻤﺸ‪‬ﺎﻫ‪‬ﺪﺍﺕ‪ ،‬ﻭ ﺍﻟﺘﺠﻠﻴﺎﺕ ﻭﺍﻹﺷﺮﺍﻗﺎﺕ‪ ،‬ﻭﺭ‪‬ﻛﺒﻮﺍ ﻓ‪‬ﻲ ﺫﻟﻚ ﻣ‪‬ﺮﻛﺐ ﺍﻟﺒﺪﻋﺔ‪ ،‬ﻭﺟ‪‬ﺎ ‪‬ﻭﺯ‪‬ﻭﺍ‬
‫ﻃﺮﻳﻖ ﺍﻟﺴﻨ‪‬ﺔ‪.‬‬
‫ﻭﺍﻷﺧﻼﻕ ﺍﻟﺼﺤﻴﺤﺔ ﻫﻲ‪ :‬ﺃﺧﻼﻕ ﺍﻟﺮﺳﻮﻝ ‪-‬ﻋﻠﻴﻪ ﺍﻟﺼﻼﺓ ﻭﺍﻟﺴﻼﻡ‪ ،-‬ﻭﻗﺪ ﻛﺎﻥ‬
‫ﲔ‪،‬‬
‫ﺖ‪ :‬ﻳ‪‬ﺎ ﺃ ‪‬ﻡ ﺍﹾﻟ ‪‬ﻤ ‪‬ﺆ ‪‬ﻣﹺﻨ ‪‬‬
‫ﺸ ﹶﺔ ﹶﻓ ﹸﻘﹾﻠ ‪‬‬
‫ﺖ ﻋ‪‬ﺎ‪‬ﺋ ‪‬‬
‫‪‬ﺧﻠﹸﻘﻪ ﺍﻟﻘﺮﺁﻥ‪ ،‬ﻋﻦ ﺳﻌﺪ ﺑﻦ ﻫﺸ‪‬ﺎﻡ ﺑﻦ ﻋ‪‬ﺎﻣ‪‬ﺮ ﻗﹶﺎ ﹶﻝ‪$ :‬ﺃﺗ‪‬ﻴ ‪‬‬
‫ﺨﹸﻠ ﹺﻖ ‪‬ﺭﺳ‪‬ﻮ ﹺﻝ ﺍﷲ ج؟‬
‫ﺃ ‪‬ﺧﹺﺒﺮﹺﻳﻨﹺﻲ ﹺﺑ ‪‬‬
‫ﻗﹶﺎﹶﻟ ‪‬‬
‫ﻚ ﹶﻟ ‪‬ﻌﻠﹶﻰ ‪‬ﺧﹸﻠ ﹴﻖ‬
‫ﺖ‪ :‬ﻛﹶﺎ ﹶﻥ ‪‬ﺧﹸﻠ ﹸﻘ ‪‬ﻪ ﺍﹾﻟ ﹸﻘﺮ‪‬ﺁ ﹶﻥ‪ ،‬ﺃﻣ‪‬ﺎ ‪‬ﺗ ﹾﻘﺮ‪‬ﺃ ﺍﹾﻟﻘﹸﺮﺁ ﹶﻥ‪ ،‬ﹶﻗ ‪‬ﻮ ﹶﻝ ﺍﷲ ‪  :T‬ﻭﹺﺇ‪‬ﻧ ‪‬‬
‫‪‬ﻋﻈ‪‬ﻴ ﹴﻢ‪.‬‬
‫ﺖ‪ :‬ﻓﹶﺈﻧ‪‬ﻲ ﺃﺭﹺﻳ ‪‬ﺪ ﺃ ﹾﻥ ﺃﺗ‪‬ﺒ‪‬ﺘ ﹶﻞ‪.‬‬
‫ﹸﻗ ﹾﻠ ‪‬‬
‫ﺴ‪‬ﻨ ﹲﺔ‪ .‬ﹶﻓﻘﹶـ ‪‬ﺪ‬
‫ﺖ‪ :‬ﻻ ‪‬ﺗ ﹾﻔ ‪‬ﻌ ﹾﻞ‪ ،‬ﺃﻣ‪‬ﺎ ‪‬ﺗ ﹾﻘﺮ‪‬ﺃ‪ :‬ﹶﻟ ﹶﻘ ‪‬ﺪ ﻛﹶﺎ ﹶﻥ ﹶﻟ ﹸﻜ ‪‬ﻢ ﻓ‪‬ﻲ ‪‬ﺭﺳ‪‬ﻮ ﹺﻝ ﺍﻟﱠﻠ ‪‬ﻪ ﹸﺃ ‪‬ﺳ ‪‬ﻮ ﹲﺓ ‪‬ﺣ ‪‬‬
‫ﻗﹶﺎﹶﻟ ‪‬‬
‫ﺝ ‪‬ﺭﺳ‪‬ﻮ ﹸﻝ ﺍﷲ ج‪ ،‬ﻭﹶﻗ ‪‬ﺪ ‪‬ﻭ‪‬ﻟ ‪‬ﺪ ﹶﻟ ‪‬ﻪ‪.(١).#‬‬
‫ﺗ ‪‬ﺰ ‪‬ﻭ ‪‬‬
‫ﺃﺧﻼﻗﻪ ج ﺗﻨﺒﻊ ﻓ‪‬ﻲ ﻛﻞ ﺗﺸﺮﻳﻌﺎﺕ ﺍﻟﺪ‪‬ﻳﻦ ﺍﻟﺬﻱ ﺟﺎﺀ ﺑﻪ‪ ،‬ﻋﻦ ﺃﺑﹺﻲ ‪‬ﻫ ‪‬ﺮ‪‬ﻳ ‪‬ﺮ ﹶﺓ ﻗﹶﺎ ﹶﻝ‪ :‬ﻗﹶﺎ ﹶﻝ‬
‫‪‬ﺭ ‪‬ﺳﻮ ﹸ‬
‫ﺖ ﻷ‪‬ﺗﻤ‪ ‬ﻢ ﺻ‪‬ﺎ‪‬ﻟ ‪‬ﺢ ﺍﻷﺧ‪‬ﻼ ﹺﻕ‪.(٢).#‬‬
‫ﻝ ﺍﷲ ج‪$ :‬ﺇﻧ‪‬ﻤ‪‬ﺎ ‪‬ﺑ ‪‬ﻌ ﹾﺜ ‪‬‬
‫)‪ (١‬ﺃﺧﺮﺟﻪ ﺃﲪﺪ )‪ ،(٩١/٦‬ﻭﻫﻮ ﺣﺴﻦ ﻟﻐﲑﻩ‪.‬‬
‫)‪ (٢‬ﺃﺧﺮﺟﻪ ﺃﲪﺪ ﰲ ﺍﳌﺴﻨﺪ )‪ ،(٣٨١/٢‬ﻭﻫﻮ ﺣﺪﻳﺚ ﺣﺴﻦ‪.‬‬

‫ا ]‪ :[٣baz‬ﺤﺫﻓﺕ ﺒﻌﺩ ﻫﺫﺍ ‪٤‬‬
‫ﺃﺴﻁﺭ ﻻ ﻤﺤل ﻝﻬﻤﺎ ‪ ،‬ﻜﻨﺕ ﻭﻀﻌﺘﻬﻤﺎ ﻝﻠﺭﺒﻁ‬
‫ﺒﻴﻥ ﺍﻝﻤﻘﺎﻻﺕ‪.‬‬

‫ا
م  ق ق‬

‫‪١٣‬‬

‫‬

‫ﻭﺣﻴﺎﺗﻪ ج ﺻﻮﺭﺓ ﺃﺧﻼﻗﻪ‪ ،‬ﹶﻓ ﹶﻘ ‪‬ﺪ ﻛﺎﻥ ﻳﺼﻮﻡ ﻭﻳﻔﻄﺮ‪ ،‬ﻭﻳﻨﺎﻡ ﻭﻳﻘﻮﻡ‪ ،‬ﻭﻳﺘﺰﻭﺝ‬
‫ﺍﻟﻨﺴﺎﺀ‪ ،‬ﻳﺼﺪﻕ ﺇﺫﺍ ‪‬ﺣﺪ‪‬ﺙ‪ ،‬ﻭﻻ ﻳ‪‬ﺨﻠﻒ ﺇﺫﺍ ‪‬ﻭﻋ‪‬ﺪ‪ ،‬ﻭﻛﺎﻥ ﺇﺫﺍ ﺃﺗﻰ ﺍﻵﰐ ﻻ ﻳ‪‬ﻤﻴﺰﻩ ﺑﲔ‬
‫ﺃﺻﺤﺎﺑﻪ ‪-‬ﺻﻠﻮﺍﺕ ﺭﺑ‪‬ﻲ ﻭﺳﻼﻣﻪ ﻋﻠﻴﻪ‪.-‬‬
‫ﻭﻣﺎ ﻛﺎﻥ ﻓ‪‬ﻲ ﺣﻴﺎﺗﻪ ﺭﻳ‪‬ﺎﺿ‪‬ﺎﺕ ﺍﻟﺼﻮﻓﻴﺔ‪ ،‬ﻭﻻ ﻓﻨﺎﺀ ﺍﻟ ‪‬ﻮﺟ‪‬ﻮﺩﻳ‪‬ﺔ‪ ،‬ﻭﻻ ﺍﻟﻐﻴﺎﺏ‬
‫ﻭﺍﻟﺸﻬﻮﺩ‪.‬‬
‫‪ -٥‬ﺍﻻﺗ‪‬ﺠ‪‬ﺎﻩ ﺍﻟﺘﻌﻠﻴﻤﻲ ﺍﻹﺻﻼﺣﻲ‪ ،‬ﻭﻟﻪ ﺳﺒﻞ‪:‬‬
‫ﺤﻜﱠﺎﻡ‬
‫ﻓﻤﻦ ﺍﻟﻨﺎﺱ ﻣﻦ ﻳﺮﻯ ﺃﻥ ﺍﻹﺻﻼﺡ ﻳﺒﺪﺃ ﻣﻦ ﺍﻟﻘﻤ‪‬ﺔ‪ ،‬ﻓﻴﺒﺪﺃ ﻓ‪‬ﻲ ﺩﻋﻮﺗﻪ ﺑﺎﹾﻟ ‪‬‬
‫ﺨﺼ‪‬ﺎﻡ‪ ،‬ﻭﻻ ﻳﻬﻤﻪ ﺃﻥ ﻳﻮﻗﻊ ﻓ‪‬ﻲ ﺍﹾﻟﻤ‪‬ﺠﺘ‪‬ﻤﻊ‬
‫ﻭﺍﻟﺮﺅﺳﺎﺀ‪ ،‬ﻭﻗﺪ ﻳﺪﺧﻞ ﻓ‪‬ﻲ ﺟ‪‬ﻮ ﻣﻦ ﺍﻟﺘﺼﺎﺩﻡ ﻭﺍﹾﻟ ‪‬‬
‫ﺸﻘﹶﺎﻕ ﺃﻭ ﺍﻟﺼﺪﻭﻉ‪ ،‬ﻛﻞ ‪‬ﻫﻤ‪‬ﻪ ﺍﻟﻮﺻﻮﻝ ﺇﻟﹶﻰ ﺍﻟﺴ‪‬ﻠﻄﹶﺔ‪ ،‬ﻣ‪‬ﺘﺨﺬﹰﺍ ﻛﻞ ﻣﺎ ﻳ‪‬ﻤﻜﻦ ﺃﻥ ﻳﻮﺻﻠﻪ‬
‫ﺍﻟ ‪‬‬
‫ﻼ!!‬
‫ﺇﻟﹶﻰ ﻏﺎﻳﺘﻪ ﺳﺒﻴ ﹰ‬
‫ﻭﻣﻦ ﺍﻟﻨﺎﺱ ‪‬ﻣ ‪‬ﻦ ﻳﺒﺪﺃ ﻓ‪‬ﻲ ﺇﺻﻼﺣﻪ ﺑﺎﹾﻟﻤ‪‬ﺠﺘ‪‬ﻤﻊ ﺣﻮﻟﻪ‪ ،‬ﻭﻳﻨﻄﻠﻖ ﻳﺪﻋﻮ ﺍﻟﻨﺎﺱ ﺇﻟﹶﻰ‬
‫ﺍﹾﻟﺨ‪‬ﲑ ﻭﺍﻟﺪ‪‬ﻳﻦ‪ ،‬ﻳ ‪‬ﺪﻋ‪‬ﻮﻫ‪‬ﻢ ﺇﻟﹶﻰ ﺍﹾﻟ ‪‬ﻤﺴ‪‬ﺎﺟﺪ‪ ،‬ﻭﻳ‪‬ﺨﺮﺝ ﺑﹺﻬﻢ ﻓ‪‬ﻲ ﺭﺣﻼﺕ ﻗﺪ ﺗﻄﻮﻝ ﺃﻭ ﺗﻘﺼﺮ؛‬
‫ﻟﻴ‪‬ﺮﺑ‪‬ﻲ ﻓﻴﻬﻢ ‪-‬ﺣﺴﺐ ﻇﻨﻪ‪ -‬ﺍﻟﺒﻌﺪ ﻋﻦ ﺍﻟﺪ‪‬ﻧﻴ‪‬ﺎ ﻭﻣﺸﺎﻏﻠﻬﺎ؛ ﻭﻳ‪‬ﻤﻀﻲ ﻓ‪‬ﻲ ﻏﺎﻳﺘﻪ ﺩﻭﻥ ﺃﻥ‬
‫‪‬ﻳ ‪‬ﺰﻭ‪‬ﺩ ﻧﻔﺴﻪ ﺑﺎﻟﻌﻠﻢ ﺍﻟﺸﺮﻋﻲ ﺍﻟﺼﺤﻴﺢ‪ ،‬ﻭﺩﻭﻥ ﺃﻥ ﻳ‪‬ﺤﺪﻭ ﺍﻟﻨﺎﺱ ﺇﻟﹶﻰ ﻃﻠﺒﻪ!!‬
‫ﻭﻣﻦ ﺍﻟﻨﺎﺱ ‪‬ﻣ ‪‬ﻦ ‪‬ﺟ ‪‬ﻌ ﹶﻞ ﺍﻟﺴ‪‬ﻴﺎﺳ‪‬ﺔ ﻫﻲ ﺩﻋﻮﺍﻩ‪ ،‬ﻭﻫﻲ ﻫﺪﻓﻪ‪ ،‬ﻭﻳﺰﻋﻢ ﺃﻥ ﺳﺒﻴﻞ‬
‫ﺍﻹﺻﻼﺡ ﺍﻟﻌﺎﻡ ﻭﺍﻟﺘﻌﻠﻴﻢ ﻫﻮ ﺍﻟﺴﻴﺎﺳﺔ ﻭﺍﹾﻟﺨ‪‬ﻮﺽ ﻓ‪‬ﻲ ﺃﻣﺮ ﺍﻟﻮﺍﻗﻊ‪ ،‬ﻭﺍﹾﻟﺤ‪‬ﺪﻳﺚ ﻋﻦ ﺟﻮﺍﻧﺒﻪ‪،‬‬
‫ﻭﻣﺎ ﻳﺘﺼﻞ ﺑﻪ ﻣﻦ ﺍﻗﺘﺼﺎﺩ ﻭﻏﲑﻩ!!‬
‫ﻭﺍﻟﺼ‪‬ﺮ‪‬ﺍﻁ ﺍﹾﻟﻤ‪‬ﺴﺘﻘﻴﻢ‪ :‬ﺃﻥ ﻳ‪‬ﻬ‪‬ﺘ ‪‬ﻢ ﺍﹾﻟﻤ‪‬ﺴﻠﻢ ﺑﺘﻌﻠﻴﻢ ﻧﻔﺴﻪ‪ ،‬ﻭﺗﻌﻠﻴﻢ ﺃﺩﻧﺎﻩ ﻓﺄﺩﻧﺎﻩ‪ ،‬ﻭﻳﺒﺪﺃ‬
‫ﺑﺘﻌﻠﻴﻢ ﻧﻔﺴﻪ ﻭ ‪‬ﻣ ‪‬ﻦ ﻳﻠﻴﻪ ﺃﻣﺮ ﺩﻳﻨﻪ؛ ﻟﻴﻘﻮﻡ ﺑﻌﺒﺎﺩﺓ ﺭﺑ‪‬ﻪ؛ ﻷﻧﻪ ﻳﻌﻠﻢ ﺃﻧﻪ ﻻ ﻳﺼﻠﺢ ﺍﻟﻔﺮﺩ ﺇﻻ ﺇﺫﺍ‬
‫ﺻﻠﺢ ﻗﻠﺒﻪ‪ ،‬ﻭﻻ ﺗﺼﻠﺢ ﺍﻷﺳﺮﺓ ﺇﻻ ﺇﺫﺍ ﺻﻠﺢ ﺍﻟﻔﺮﺩ‪ ،‬ﻭﻻ ﻳﺼﻠﺢ ﺍﹾﻟﻤ‪‬ﺠ‪‬ﺘﻤ‪‬ﻊ ﺇﻻ ﺇﺫﺍ ﺻﻠﺤﺖ‬
‫ﺍﻷﺳﺮﺓ‪ ،‬ﻭﺻﻼﺡ ﺍﹾﻟﻤ‪‬ﺠ‪‬ﺘﻤ‪‬ﻊ ﺻﻼﺡ ﺍﻷﻣﺔ‪.‬‬

‫ا
م  ق ق‬

‫‪١٤‬‬

‫‬

‫ـ ‪‬ﻪ ﺇﹺﻻ ﺍﻟﹼﻠ ‪‬ﻪ‬
‫ﻳﺒﺪﺃ ﺑﺎﻟﻌﻠﻢ ﻗﺒﻞ ﺍﻟﻘﻮﻝ ﻭﺍﻟﻌﻤﻞ؛ ﻟﻘﻮﻟﻪ ﺗﻌ‪‬ﺎﻟﹶﻰ‪  :‬ﻓﹶﺎ ‪‬ﻋﹶﻠ ‪‬ﻢ ﹶﺃ‪‬ﻧ ‪‬ﻪ ﹶﻻ ﹺﺇﹶﻟ َ‬
‫ﺤﻤ‪‬ﺪ‪.[١٩:‬‬
‫ﺕ ﻭ‪‬ﺍﻟﹼﻠ ‪‬ﻪ ‪‬ﻳ ‪‬ﻌﹶﻠ ‪‬ﻢ ‪‬ﻣ‪‬ﺘ ﹶﻘﹼﻠ‪‬ﺒ ﹸﻜ ‪‬ﻢ ] ‪‬ﻣ ‪‬‬
‫ﻚ ‪‬ﻭ‪‬ﻟ ﹾﻠ ‪‬ﻤ ‪‬ﺆ ‪‬ﻣﹺﻨﲔ‪ ‬ﻭ‪‬ﺍﹾﻟ ‪‬ﻤ ‪‬ﺆ ‪‬ﻣﻨ‪‬ﺎ ‪‬‬
‫ﻭ‪‬ﺍ ‪‬ﺳ‪‬ﺘ ‪‬ﻐ ‪‬ﻔ ‪‬ﺮ ‪‬ﻟﺬﹶﻧﹺﺒ ‪‬‬
‫ﻉ ﻭ‪‬ﺍ ‪‬ﺳ‪‬ﺘ ‪‬ﻘ ‪‬ﻢ‬
‫ﻚ ﻓﹶﺎ ‪‬ﺩ ‪‬‬
‫ﻭﻳﺒﺪﺃ ﺑﻨﻔﺴﻪ ﻓﻴﻄﺒﻖ ﻋﻠﻴﻬﺎ ﻣﺎ ﻳﺪﻋﻮ ﺇﻟﻴﻪ‪ ،‬ﻭﻳﺴﺘﻘﻴﻢ ﻋﻠﻴﻪ‪ :‬ﹶﻓ‪‬ﻠ ﹶﺬ‪‬ﻟ ‪‬‬
‫ﺏ ]ﺍﻟﺸﻮﺭﻯ‪.[١٥:‬‬
‫ﺖ ﹺﺑﻤ‪‬ﺂ ﺃﹶﻧ ‪‬ﺰ ﹶﻝ ﺍﻟﹼﻠ ‪‬ﻪ ﻣ‪‬ﻦ ‪‬ﻛﺘ‪‬ﺎ ﹴ‬
‫ﺕ ‪‬ﻭ ﹶﻻ ‪‬ﺗ‪‬ﺘﹺﺒ ‪‬ﻊ ﹶﺃ ‪‬ﻫﻮ‪‬ﺁ َﺀ ‪‬ﻫ ‪‬ﻢ ‪‬ﻭﹸﻗ ﹾﻞ ﺁﻣ‪‬ﻨ ‪‬‬
‫ﹶﻛﻤ‪‬ﺂ ﹸﺃ ‪‬ﻣ ‪‬ﺮ ‪‬‬
‫ﻭﺩﻋﻮﺓ ﺍﻷﺩﻧ‪‬ﻰ ﻓﺎﻷﺩﻧ‪‬ﻰ ﻣﻦ ‪‬ﺣﺴ‪‬ﻦ ﺍﻟﺼ‪‬ﺤﺒ‪‬ﺔ‪ ،‬ﻭﻗﺪ ﺟﺎﺀ ﻋﻦ ﺃﺑﹺﻲ ‪‬ﻫ ‪‬ﺮ‪‬ﻳ ‪‬ﺮ ﹶﺓ ﻗﹶﺎ ﹶﻝ‪$ :‬ﻗﹶـﺎ ﹶﻝ‬
‫ﻚ‪،‬‬
‫ﻚ‪ ،‬ﹸﺛﻢ‪ ‬ﺃﻣ‪‬ـ ‪‬‬
‫ﻚ‪ ،‬ﹸﺛﻢ‪ ‬ﺃﻣ‪ ‬‬
‫ﻝ‪ :‬ﺃﻣ‪ ‬‬
‫ﺴ ﹺﻦ ﺍﻟﺼ‪‬ﺤﺒ‪‬ﺔ؟ ﻗﹶﺎ ﹶ‬
‫ﺤ‪‬‬
‫ﺱ ﹺﺑ ‪‬‬
‫‪‬ﺭ ‪‬ﺟ ﹲﻞ‪ :‬ﻳ‪‬ﺎ ‪‬ﺭﺳ‪‬ﻮ ﹶﻝ ﺍﷲ‪ ،‬ﻣ ‪‬ﻦ ﺃ ‪‬ﺣ ‪‬ﻖ ﺍﻟﻨ‪‬ﺎ ﹺ‬
‫ﹸﺛﻢ‪ ‬ﺃﺑ‪‬ﻮ ‪‬ﻙ‪ ،‬ﹸﺛﻢ‪ ‬ﺃﺩﻧﺎ ‪‬ﻙ ﺃﺩﻧﺎ ‪‬ﻙ‪.(١).#‬‬
‫ﻳ‪‬ﻮﻗﻦ ﺃﻥ ﺍﷲ ﻻ ﻳ‪‬ﻐﻴ‪‬ﺮ ﻣﺎ ﻓ‪‬ﻲ ﻗﻮﻡ ﺣﺘ‪‬ﻰ ﻳ‪‬ﻐ‪‬ﻴﺮ‪‬ﻭﺍ ﻣﺎ ﺑﺄﻧﻔﺴﻬﻢ‪ ،‬ﻛﻤﺎ ﻗﺎﻝ ﺗﻌ‪‬ﺎﻟﹶﻰ‪ِ :‬ﺇ ﱠﻥ‬
‫ﺴ ﹺﻬ ‪‬ﻢ ]ﺍﻟﺮﻋﺪ‪.[١٢:‬‬
‫ﺍﻟﱠﻠ ‪‬ﻪ ﹶﻻ ‪‬ﻳ ‪‬ﻐ‪‬ﻴ ‪‬ﺮ ﻣ‪‬ﺎ ﹺﺑ ﹶﻘ ‪‬ﻮ ﹴﻡ ‪‬ﺣﺘ‪‬ﻰ ‪‬ﻳ ‪‬ﻐ‪‬ﻴﺮ‪‬ﻭﹾﺍ ﻣ‪‬ﺎ ﹺﺑ ﹶﺄ‪‬ﻧ ﹸﻔ ِ‬
‫ﻳﻌﻤﻞ ﺑﻄﺎﻋﺔ ﺍﷲ ‪-‬ﺗﺒﺎﺭﻙ ﻭﺗﻌ‪‬ﺎﻟﹶﻰ‪ -‬ﻭﻃﺎﻋﺔ ﺭﺳﻮﻟﻪ ج‪ ،‬ﻭﻳﺪﻋﻮ ﺇﻟﹶﻰ ﻃﺎﻋﺘﻬﻤﺎ‪،‬‬
‫ﻭﻳﺮﺟﻮ ‪‬ﻭ ‪‬ﻋ ‪‬ﺪ ﺍﷲ ﺗﻌ‪‬ﺎﻟﹶﻰ‪ :‬ﹸﻗ ﹾﻞ ﹶﺃﻃ‪‬ﻴﻌ‪‬ﻮﹾﺍ ﺍﻟﹼﻠ ‪‬ﻪ ‪‬ﻭﹶﺃﻃ‪‬ﻴﻌ‪‬ﻮﹾﺍ ﺍﻟ ‪‬ﺮﺳ‪‬ﻮ ﹶﻝ ﹶﻓﺈﹺﻥ ‪‬ﺗ ‪‬ﻮﹼﻟ ‪‬ﻮﹾﺍ ﹶﻓﹺﺈ‪‬ﻧﻤ‪‬ﺎ ‪‬ﻋﹶﻠ‪‬ﻴ ‪‬ﻪ ﻣ‪‬ﺎ‬
‫ﲔ‪.‬‬
‫ﻍ ﺍﹾﻟ ‪‬ﻤﹺﺒ ‪‬‬
‫ﻼﹸ‬
‫‪‬ﺣ ‪‬ﻤ ﹶﻞ ‪‬ﻭ ‪‬ﻋﹶﻠ‪‬ﻴ ﹸﻜ ‪‬ﻢ ﻣ‪‬ﺎ ‪‬ﺣﻤ‪ ‬ﹾﻠ‪‬ﺘ ‪‬ﻢ ‪‬ﻭﺇﹺﻥ ‪‬ﺗﻄ‪‬ﻴﻌ‪‬ﻮ ‪‬ﻩ ‪‬ﺗ ‪‬ﻬ‪‬ﺘﺪ‪‬ﻭﹾﺍ ‪‬ﻭﻣ‪‬ﺎ ‪‬ﻋﻠﹶﻰ ﺍﻟ ‪‬ﺮﺳ‪‬ﻮ ﹺﻝ ﹺﺇ ﹼﻻ ﺍﹾﻟ‪‬ﺒ ﹶ‬
‫ﺽ ﹶﻛﻤ‪‬ﺎ‬
‫ﺨ‪‬ﻠ ﹶﻔ‪‬ﻨ ‪‬ﻬ ‪‬ﻢ ﻓ‪‬ﻲ ﺍﻷ ‪‬ﺭ ﹺ‬
‫ﺴ‪‬ﺘ ‪‬‬
‫ﺕ ﹶﻟ‪‬ﻴ ‪‬‬
‫‪‬ﻭ ‪‬ﻋ ‪‬ﺪ ﺍﻟﹼﻠ ‪‬ﻪ ﺍﹼﻟﺬ‪‬ﻳ ‪‬ﻦ ﺁ ‪‬ﻣﻨ‪‬ﻮﹾﺍ ‪‬ﻣ‪‬ﻨ ﹸﻜ ‪‬ﻢ ‪‬ﻭ ‪‬ﻋ ‪‬ﻤﻠﹸﻮﹾﺍ ﺍﻟﺼ‪‬ﺎ‪‬ﻟﺤ‪‬ﺎ ‪‬‬
‫ﻒ ﺍﹼﻟﺬ‪‬ﻳ ‪‬ﻦ ﻣ‪‬ﻦ ﹶﻗ‪‬ﺒ‪‬ﻠ ﹺﻬ ‪‬ﻢ ‪‬ﻭﹶﻟ‪‬ﻴ ‪‬ﻤ ﹼﻜ‪‬ﻨ ‪‬ﻦ ﹶﻟ ‪‬ﻬ ‪‬ﻢ ﺩ‪‬ﻳ‪‬ﻨ ‪‬ﻬ ‪‬ﻢ ﺍﹼﻟﺬ‪‬ﻱ ﺍ ‪‬ﺭ‪‬ﺗﻀ‪‬ﻰ ﹶﻟ ‪‬ﻬ ‪‬ﻢ ‪‬ﻭﹶﻟ‪‬ﻴ‪‬ﺒ ‪‬ﺪﹶﻟ‪‬ﻨ ‪‬ﻬ ‪‬ﻢ ﻣ‪‬ﻦ ‪‬ﺑ ‪‬ﻌ ‪‬ﺪ‬
‫ﺨﹶﻠ ‪‬‬
‫ﺍ ‪‬ﺳ‪‬ﺘ ‪‬‬
‫ﻚ ‪‬ﻫ ‪‬ﻢ‬
‫ﻚ ﹶﻓﺄﹸﻭﹶﻟ‪‬ﺌ ‪‬‬
‫ﺸ ﹺﺮﻛﹸﻮ ﹶﻥ ﺑﹺﻲ ﺷ‪‬ﻴﺌﹰﺎ ‪‬ﻭﻣ‪‬ﻦ ﹶﻛ ﹶﻔ ‪‬ﺮ ‪‬ﺑ ‪‬ﻌ ‪‬ﺪ ﹶﺫ‪‬ﻟ ‪‬‬
‫‪‬ﺧﻮ‪ ‬ﻓ ﹺﻬ ‪‬ﻢ ﹶﺃ ‪‬ﻣﻨ‪‬ﺎ ‪‬ﻳ ‪‬ﻌ‪‬ﺒﺪ‪‬ﻭ‪‬ﻧﻨﹺﻲ ﹶﻻ ‪‬ﻳ ‪‬‬
‫ﻼ ﹶﺓ ﻭ‪‬ﺁﺗ‪‬ﻮﹾﺍ ﺍﻟ ‪‬ﺰﻛﹶـﺎ ﹶﺓ ‪‬ﻭﹶﺃﻃ‪‬ﻴﻌ‪‬ﻮﹾﺍ ﺍﻟ ‪‬ﺮﺳ‪‬ﻮ ﹶﻝ ﹶﻟ ‪‬ﻌﹼﻠ ﹸﻜ ‪‬ﻢ ‪‬ﺗ ‪‬ﺮ ‪‬ﺣﻤ‪‬ﻮ ﹶﻥ‪ .‬ﹶﻻ‬
‫ﺍﹾﻟﻔﹶﺎ ‪‬ﺳﻘﹸﻮ ﹶﻥ‪ .‬ﻭﹶﺃﻗ‪‬ﻴﻤ‪‬ﻮﹾﺍ ﺍﻟﺼ‪‬ـ ﹶ‬
‫ﺼ ‪‬ﲑ‬
‫ﺲ ﺍﹾﻟ ‪‬ﻤ ‪‬‬
‫ﺽ ‪‬ﻭ ‪‬ﻣ ﹾﺄﻭ‪‬ﺍ ‪‬ﻫ ‪‬ﻢ ﺍﻟﻨ‪‬ﺎ ‪‬ﺭ ‪‬ﻭﹶﻟﹺﺒﹾﺌ ‪‬‬
‫ﺠﺰﹺﻳ ‪‬ﻦ ﻓ‪‬ﻲ ﺍﻷ ‪‬ﺭ ﹺ‬
‫ﺴ‪‬ﺒ ‪‬ﻦ ﺍﹼﻟﺬ‪‬ﻳ ‪‬ﻦ ﹶﻛ ﹶﻔﺮ‪‬ﻭﹾﺍ ‪‬ﻣ ‪‬ﻌ ﹺ‬
‫ﺤ‪‬‬
‫‪‬ﺗ ‪‬‬
‫]ﺍﻟﻨﻮﺭ‪.[٥٧-٥٤:‬‬
‫)‪ (١‬ﺃﺧﺮﺟﻪ ﺍﻟﺒﺨﺎﺭﻱ ﰲ ﻛﺘﺎﺏ ﺍﻷﺩﺏ‪ ،‬ﺑﺎﺏ ﻣﻦ ﺃﺣﻖ ﺍﻟﻨﺎﺱ ﲝﺴﻦ ﺍﻟﺼﺤﺒﺔ‪ ،‬ﺣﺪﻳﺚ ﺭﻗـﻢ )‪،(٥٩٧١‬‬
‫ﻭﻣﺴﻠﻢ ﰲ ﻛﺘﺎﺏ ﺍﻟﱪ ﻭﺍﻟﺼﻠﺔ‪ ،‬ﺑﺎﺏ ﺑﺮ ﺍﻟﻮﺍﻟﺪﻳﻦ‪ ،‬ﺣﺪﻳﺚ ﺭﻗﻢ )‪.(٢٥٤٨‬‬

‫ا
م  ق ق‬

‫‪١٥‬‬

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‫‪ -٦‬ﺍﻻﺗ‪‬ﺠ‪‬ﺎﻩ ﺍﻟﺘﺮﺑﻮﻱ‪ ،‬ﻭﻟﻪ ﺳﺒﻞ‪:‬‬

‫ﻓﻤﻦ ﺍﻟﻨﺎﺱ ‪‬ﻣ ‪‬ﻦ ﻻ ﻳﻌﺮﻑ ﻣﻦ ﺍﻟﺘﺮﺑﻴﺔ ﻭﺃﺻﻮ‪‬ﻟﻬ‪‬ﺎ ﻭﻃﺮﻗﻬﺎ ﺇ ﱠﻻ ﻣﺎ ﻗﺮﺭﺗﻪ ‪‬ﻣﺪ‪‬ﺍﺭﺱ‬
‫ﺍﻟﻐﺮﺏ‪ ،‬ﻭﻣ‪‬ﻦ ﺍﺷﺘﻐﻞ ﹺﺑﻬ‪‬ﺎ ﻣﻨﻬﻢ! ﻭﻳﺮﻳﺪ ﺃﻥ ﻳ‪‬ﺠﻌﻞ ﻓ‪‬ﻲ ﺇﻃﺎﺭ ﻛﻞ ﻣﺎ ﺣﻮﻟﻪ ﻭﻓﻖ ﻫﺬﻩ‬
‫ﺠ ‪‬ﺮﺩ‪‬ﺓ!!‬
‫ﺍﻟﻨﻈﺮﺓ ﺍﻟﺘﺮﺑﻮﻳﺔ ﺍﹾﻟ ‪‬ﻤ ‪‬‬
‫ﻭﻣﻦ ﺍﻟﻨﺎﺱ ‪‬ﻣ ‪‬ﻦ ﻳﺬﻡ ﺍﻟﺘﺮﺑﻴﺔ ﻭﻣﺎ ﻓﻴﻬﺎ‪ ،‬ﻭﻻ ﻳﻘﺒﻞ ﻣﻨﻬ‪‬ﺎ ﺷﻴﺌﹰﺎ!!‬
‫ﻭﺍﻟﺼ‪‬ﺮ‪‬ﺍﻁ ﺍﹾﻟﻤ‪‬ﺴﺘﻘﻴﻢ‪ :‬ﺃﻥ ﺍﻟﺘﺮﺑﻴﺔ ﻓ‪‬ﻲ ﺍﻹﺳﻼﻡ ﹶﻟﻬ‪‬ﺎ ﺃﺻﻮﹸﻟﻬ‪‬ﺎ ﺍﹾﻟﻤ‪‬ﻌﺘﱪﺓ‪ ،‬ﻭﻫﻲ ﺍﻟﺪ‪‬ﻳﻦ‬
‫ﺴﻤ‪‬ﻴﻪ ﻋﻠﻤﺎﺀ ﺍﻟﺸﺮﻳﻌﺔ‬
‫ﻛﻠﻪ‪ ،‬ﻭﺇﺑﺮﺍﺯ ﺍﹾﻟﺠ‪‬ﺎﻧﺐ ﺍﻟﺘﺮﺑﻮﻱ ﻓ‪‬ﻲ ﺍﻟﺘﺸﺮﻳﻌﺎﺕ ﺍﻹﺳﻼﻣﻴ‪‬ﺔ ﻫﻮ ﻣﺎ ‪‬ﻳ ‪‬‬
‫ﺤﻜﹶﻢ ﺍﻟﺘﺸﺮﻳﻌﻴ‪‬ﺔ!!‬
‫ﻭﺍﻷﺻﻮﻝ‪ :‬ﺑﺎﹾﻟ ‪‬‬

‫ﻗﺎﻝ ﺍﺑﻦ ﺍﻟﻘﻴﻢ ﻓ‪‬ﻲ ﻣﻔﺘﺎﺡ ﺩﺍﺭ ﺍﻟﺴﻌﺎﺩﺓ)‪(١‬ﺑﻌﺪ ﻧﻘﻠﻪ ﻋﻦ ﺍ ﹾﻟ ‪‬ﻤﱪﺩ‪" :‬ﺍﻟﺮﺑﺎﱐ ﺍﻟﺬﻱ ﻳﺮﺏ ﺍﻟﻌﻠﻢ‪،‬‬

‫ﻭﻳﺮﺏ ﺍﻟﻨﺎﺱ ﺑﻪ ﺃﻱ ﻳﻌﻠﻤﻬﻢ ﻭﻳﺼﻠﺤﻬﻢ"‪ .‬ﻗﺎﻝ‪:‬‬
‫ﺏ‪ ،‬ﺭ‪‬ﺑﺎ؛ ﺃﻱ‪:‬‬
‫ﺏ‪ ،‬ﻳ ‪‬ﺮ ‪‬‬
‫"ﻭﻋﻠﻰ ﻗﻮﻟﻪ ‪-‬ﺃﻱ‪ :‬ﻋﻠﻰ ﻗﻮﻝ ﺍﹾﻟﻤ‪‬ﱪﺩ‪ -‬ﻓﺎﻟﺮﺑﺎﱐ ﻣﻦ‪ :‬ﺭ ‪‬‬
‫‪‬ﻳ ‪‬ﺮﺑﻴﻪ‪ ،‬ﻓﻬﻮ ﻣﻨﺴﻮﺏ ﺇﻟﹶﻰ ﺍﻟﺘﺮﺑﻴﺔ‪ ،‬ﻭﻳﺮ‪‬ﺑﻲ ﻋﻠﻤﻪ ﻟﻴﻜﻤﻞ ﻭﻳﺘﻢ ﺑﻘﻴﺎﻣﻪ ﻋﻠﻴﻪ ﻭﺗﻌﺎﻫﺪﻩ ﺇﻳﺎﻩ‪،‬‬
‫ﻛﻤﺎ ‪‬ﻳﺮ‪‬ﺑﻲ ﺻﺎﺣﺐ ﺍﹾﻟ ‪‬ﻤﺎﻝ ﻣﺎﻟﻪ‪ ،‬ﻳﺮ‪‬ﺑﻲ ﺍﻟﻨﺎﺱ ﺑﻪ ﻛﻤﺎ ﻳﺮﰊ ﺍﻷﻃﻔﺎ ﹶﻝ ﺃﻭﻟﻴﺎﺅﻫﻢ‪ .‬ﻭﻻ‬
‫ﻼ ﺑﻌﻤﻠﻪ‪ ،‬ﻣ ‪‬ﻌﱢﻠ ‪‬ﻤﺎ ﻟﻪ"‪ .‬ﺍ’‪.‬‬
‫ﻳﻮﺻﻒ ﺍﻟ ‪‬ﻌﺎ‪‬ﻟﻢ ﺑﻜﻮﻧﻪ ﺭﺑﺎﻧ‪‬ﻴﺎ ﺣ‪‬ﺘﻰ ﻳﻜﻮﻥ ‪‬ﻋﺎﻣ ﹰ‬
‫ﺴﻠﹶﻒ‬
‫ﻓﻤﻌﲔ ﺍﻟﺘﺮﺑﻴﺔ ﻓ‪‬ﻲ ﺍﻹﺳﻼﻡ ﻭﻣﻨﺎﺑﻊ ﺍﻟﺘﺮﺑﻴﺔ‪ :‬ﺍﻟﻜﺘﺎﺏ ﻭﺍﻟﺴﻨ‪‬ﺔ ﻋﻠﻰ ﺿﻮﺀ ﻓﹶﻬﻢ ﺍﻟ ‪‬‬
‫ﺍﻟﺼ‪‬ﺎﻟ‪‬ﺢ‪ ،‬ﻭﺍﻟﻌﻠﻤﺎﺀ ﺍﻟﺮﺑﺎﻧﻴﻮﻥ ﻓﻴﻪ ﻫﻢ ﺍﻟﺘﺮﺑﻴﻮﻥ ﻋﻠﻰ ﺍﹾﻟﺤ‪‬ﻘﻴﻘﺔ‪ ،‬ﻭﹶﻟ ‪‬ﻢ ﻳﺄﺕ ﺍﻟﻐﺮﺏ ﻓﻴﻪ ﺑﺸﻲﺀ‬
‫ﺟﺪﻳﺪ‪ ،‬ﻏﲑ ﺃ‪‬ﻧﻬ‪‬ﻢ ﺯﺍﺩﻭﺍ ﺍﻟﻄﲔ ﺑﻠﺔ‪ ،‬ﻛﻤﺎ ﻳﻘﺎﻝ!!‬
‫‪ -٧‬ﺍﻻﺗ‪‬ﺠ‪‬ﺎﻩ ﺍﻻﻗﺘﺼﺎﺩﻱ‪ ،‬ﻭﻟﻪ ﺳﺒﻞ‪:‬‬
‫ﻓﻤﻨﻬﺎ ﻣﺎ ﻳﻌﺮﻑ ﺑﺎﻟﺮ‪‬ﺃ ‪‬ﺳﻤ‪‬ﺎﻟ‪‬ﻲ‪.‬‬
‫)‪.(١٢٦/١) (١‬‬

‫ا
م  ق ق‬

‫‪١٦‬‬

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‫ﻭﻣﻨﻬﺎ ﻣﺎ ﻳﻌﺮﻑ ﺑﺎﻻﺷﺘﺮﺍﻛﻲ‪.‬‬
‫ﻭﻣﻨﻬﺎ ‪ ...‬ﻭﻣﻨﻬﺎ ‪...‬‬
‫ﻭﺍﻟﺼ‪‬ﺮ‪‬ﺍﻁ ﺍﹾﻟﻤ‪‬ﺴﺘﻘﻴﻢ ﻓ‪‬ﻲ ﻛﻞ ﻫﺬﺍ‪ :‬ﺍﺗﺒﺎﻉ ﻣﺎ ﺟﺎﺀ ﻓ‪‬ﻲ ﺍﻹﺳﻼﻡ ﻣﻦ ﺇﺣﻼﻝ ﺍﻟﺒﻴﻊ‬
‫ﺤ ﹺﺮﻳ‪‬ﻢ ﺍﻟﺮ‪‬ﺑﺎ‪ ،‬ﻭﺇﺛﺒﺎﺕ ﺍﹾﻟﻤ‪‬ﻠﻜﻴ‪‬ﺔ ﺍﻟﻔﺮﺩﻳ‪‬ﺔ‪ ،‬ﻭﻣﻨﻊ ﺍﻟﻀﺮﺭ ﻭﺍﻟﻀﺮﺍﺭ‪ ،‬ﻓﻼ ﻏﺮﺭ ﻭﻻ ﺗﻐﺮﻳﺮ‪،‬‬
‫ﻭ‪‬ﺗ ‪‬‬
‫ﻭﻻ ﺍﺣﺘﻜﺎﺭ‪ ،‬ﻭﺃﻥ ﻳﻌﻠﻢ ﺍﻟﻌﺒﺪ ﻣﻦ ﺃﻳﻦ ﺍﻛﺘﺴﺐ ﻣﺎﻟﻪ ﻭﻓﻴﻤﺎ ﺃﻧﻔﻘﻪ‪.‬‬
‫ﻗﺎﻝ ﺍﷲ ‪-‬ﺗﺒﺎﺭﻙ ﻭﺗﻌ‪‬ﺎﻟﹶﻰ‪ :-‬ﺍﹼﻟﺬ‪‬ﻳﻦ ‪‬ﻳ ﹾﺄ ﹸﻛﻠﹸﻮ ﹶﻥ ﺍﻟ ‪‬ﺮﺑ‪‬ﺎ ﹶﻻ ‪‬ﻳﻘﹸﻮﻣ‪‬ﻮ ﹶﻥ ﹺﺇ ﹼﻻ ﹶﻛﻤ‪‬ﺎ ‪‬ﻳﻘﹸﻮ ‪‬ﻡ ﺍﹼﻟﺬ‪‬ﻱ‬
‫ﻚ ﹺﺑ ﹶﺄ‪‬ﻧ ‪‬ﻬ ‪‬ﻢ ﻗﹶﺎﹸﻟ ‪‬ﻮﹾﺍ ﹺﺇ‪‬ﻧﻤ‪‬ﺎ ﺍﹾﻟ‪‬ﺒ‪‬ﻴ ‪‬ﻊ ‪‬ﻣﹾﺜ ﹸﻞ ﺍﻟ ‪‬ﺮﺑ‪‬ﺎ ‪‬ﻭﹶﺃ ‪‬ﺣ ﱠﻞ ﺍﻟﱠﻠ ‪‬ﻪ ﺍﹾﻟ‪‬ﺒ‪‬ﻴ ‪‬ﻊ‬
‫ﺲ ﹶﺫ‪‬ﻟ ‪‬‬
‫ﺸ‪‬ﻴﻄﹶﺎﻥﹸ ‪‬ﻣ ‪‬ﻦ ﺍﹾﻟ ‪‬ﻤ ‪‬‬
‫ﺨ‪‬ﺒ ﹸﻄ ‪‬ﻪ ﺍﻟ ‪‬‬
‫‪‬ﻳ‪‬ﺘ ‪‬‬
‫ﻒ ‪‬ﻭﹶﺃ ‪‬ﻣ ‪‬ﺮ ‪‬ﻩ ﺇﻟﹶﻰ ﺍﻟﹼﻠ ‪‬ﻪ ‪‬ﻭ ‪‬ﻣ ‪‬ﻦ ﻋ‪‬ﺎ ‪‬ﺩ‬
‫‪‬ﻭ ‪‬ﺣ ‪‬ﺮ ‪‬ﻡ ﺍﻟ ‪‬ﺮﺑ‪‬ﺎ ﹶﻓﻤ‪‬ﻦ ‪‬ﺟﺂ َﺀ ‪‬ﻩ ‪‬ﻣ ‪‬ﻮ ‪‬ﻋ ﹶﻈ ﹲﺔ ‪‬ﻣ ‪‬ﻦ ‪‬ﺭ‪‬ﺑ ‪‬ﻪ ﻓﹶﺎ‪‬ﻧ‪‬ﺘﻬ‪‬ﻰ ﹶﻓﻠﹶ ‪‬ﻪ ﻣ‪‬ﺎ ‪‬ﺳﹶﻠ ‪‬‬
‫ﺕ ﻭ‪‬ﺍﻟﹼﻠ ‪‬ﻪ ﹶﻻ‬
‫ﺼ ‪‬ﺪﻗﹶﺎ ‪‬‬
‫ﺤ ‪‬ﻖ ﺍﻟﹼﻠ ‪‬ﻪ ﺍﹾﻟ ‪‬ﺮﺑ‪‬ﺎ ‪‬ﻭ‪‬ﻳ ‪‬ﺮﺑﹺﻲ ﺍﻟ ‪‬‬
‫ﺏ ﺍﻟﻨ‪‬ﺎ ﹺﺭ ‪‬ﻫ ‪‬ﻢ ﻓ‪‬ﻴﻬ‪‬ﺎ ﺧ‪‬ﺎ‪‬ﻟﺪ‪‬ﻭ ﹶﻥ‪ .‬ﻳ ‪‬ﻤ ‪‬‬
‫ﺻﺤ‪‬ﺎ ‪‬‬
‫ﻚ ﹶﺃ ‪‬‬
‫ﻓﹶﺄﹸﻭﹶﻟ‪‬ﺌ ‪‬‬
‫ﻼ ﹶﺓ ﻭ‪‬ﺁ‪‬ﺗ ‪‬ﻮﹾﺍ ﺍﻟ ‪‬ﺰﻛﹶﺎ ﹶﺓ‬
‫ﺼﹶ‬
‫ﺕ ‪‬ﻭﹶﺃﻗﹶﺎﻣ‪‬ﻮﹾﺍ ﺍﻟ ‪‬‬
‫ﺐ ﹸﻛ ﹼﻞ ﹶﻛﻔﹼﺎ ﹴﺭ ﹶﺃﺛ‪‬ﻴ ﹴﻢ‪ .‬ﹺﺇ ﹼﻥ ﺍﹼﻟﺬ‪‬ﻳ ‪‬ﻦ ﺁ ‪‬ﻣ‪‬ﻨﻮﹾﺍ ‪‬ﻭ ‪‬ﻋ ‪‬ﻤﻠﹸﻮﹾﺍ ﺍﻟﺼ‪‬ﺎ‪‬ﻟﺤ‪‬ﺎ ‪‬‬
‫ﺤ ‪‬‬
‫‪‬ﻳ ‪‬‬
‫ﺤ ‪‬ﺰﻧ‪‬ﻮ ﹶﻥ ]ﺍﻟﺒﻘﺮﺓ‪.[٢٧٨-٢٧٧:‬‬
‫ﻑ ‪‬ﻋﹶﻠ‪‬ﻴ ﹺﻬ ‪‬ﻢ ‪‬ﻭ ﹶﻻ ‪‬ﻫ ‪‬ﻢ ‪‬ﻳ ‪‬‬
‫ﹶﻟ ‪‬ﻬ ‪‬ﻢ ﹶﺃ ‪‬ﺟ ‪‬ﺮ ‪‬ﻫ ‪‬ﻢ ﻋ‪‬ﻨ ‪‬ﺪ ‪‬ﺭﺑ‪ ‬ﹺﻬ ‪‬ﻢ ‪‬ﻭ ﹶﻻ ‪‬ﺧ ‪‬ﻮ ‪‬‬
‫ﻭﻟﻴﻌﻠﻢ ﺍﻟﻘﺎﺭﺉ ﺍﻟﻜﹶﺮﻳ‪‬ﻢ ﺃﻥ ﻫﺬﻩ ﺑﻌﺾ ﺍﻟﺴﺒﻞ ﹺﺑﺤ‪‬ﺴﺐ ﺍﻻ‪‬ﺗﺠ‪‬ﺎﻫ‪‬ﺎﺕ ﺍﹾﻟﻤ‪‬ﺬﻛﹸﻮﺭ‪‬ﺓ‪،‬‬
‫ﻭﺍﻟﻘﻀﻴﺔ ‪‬ﻳﻤﻜﻦ ﺗﻄﺒﻴﻘﻬﺎ ﻋﻠﻰ ﺍ‪‬ﺗﺠ‪‬ﺎﻫ‪‬ﺎﺕ ﻛﺜﲑﺓ‪ ،‬ﻭﺍﹾﻟﻤ‪‬ﺆﻣﻦ ﺍﹾﻟﺤ‪‬ﺼﻴﻒ ﻟﺪﻳﻪ ﻣﻴﺰﺍﻥ ‪‬ﻳ ﹶﻔﺮ‪‬ﻕ‬
‫ﺤ ‪‬ﻖ ﻭﺍﻟﺒﺎﻃﻞ‪ ،‬ﻓﺈﺫﺍ ﻣﺎ ﻭﻗﻒ ﺃﻣﺎﻡ ﺷﻲﺀ ﻣﻦ ﻫﺬﻩ ﺍﻻ‪‬ﺗﺠ‪‬ﺎﻫ‪‬ﺎﺕ ﺃﻭ ﻏﲑﻫﺎ ﻳﻨﻈﺮ‬
‫ﺑﻪ ﺑﲔ ﺍﹾﻟ ‪‬‬
‫ﺃﻳﻬﺎ ﻭﻓﻖ ﻣﺎ ﻛﺎﻥ ﻋﻠﻴﻪ ﺍﻟﺮﺳﻮﻝ ج ﻭﺃﺻﺤﺎﺑﻪ ﻓﻴﺘﺒﻌﻪ؛ ﻓﺈ ﱠﻥ ﻓﻴﻪ ﺍﹾﻟ ‪‬ﻬﺪ‪‬ﻯ ﻭﺍﻟﻨﻮﺭ‪.‬‬
‫ﺤ ‪‬ﻖ‬
‫ﻭ ‪‬ﻣ ‪‬ﻦ ‪‬ﻳ‪‬ﺘ ﹺﻖ ﺍﷲ؛ ﻳ‪‬ﺠﻌﻞ ﻣﻦ ﺃﻣﺮﻩ ‪‬ﺭ ‪‬ﺷﺪ‪‬ﺍ‪ ،‬ﻭﻳ‪‬ﺠﻌﻞ ﻟﻪ ﻓﺮﻗﺎﻧ‪‬ﺎ‪ ،‬ﻳ ﹶﻔﺮ‪‬ﻕ ﺑﻪ ﺑﲔ ﺍﹾﻟ ‪‬‬
‫ﺠﻌ‪‬ﻞ ﹼﻟ ﹸﻜ ‪‬ﻢ ﹸﻓ ‪‬ﺮﻗﹶﺎﻧ‪‬ﺎ ‪‬ﻭ‪‬ﻳ ﹶﻜ ﹼﻔ ‪‬ﺮ ﻋ‪‬ﻨ ﹸﻜ ‪‬ﻢ ‪‬ﺳ‪‬ﻴﺌﹶﺎ‪‬ﺗ ﹸﻜ ‪‬ﻢ‬
‫ﻭﺍﻟﺒﺎﻃﻞ‪ :‬ﻳﹺﺎ ﹶﺃ‪‬ﻳﻬ‪‬ﺎ ﺍﹼﻟﺬ‪‬ﻳ ‪‬ﻦ ﺁ ‪‬ﻣ‪‬ﻨ ‪‬ﻮﹾﺍ ﺇﹶﻥ ‪‬ﺗ‪‬ﺘﻘﹸﻮﹾﺍ ﺍﻟﹼﻠ ‪‬ﻪ ‪‬ﻳ ‪‬‬
‫ﻀ ﹺﻞ ﺍﹾﻟ ‪‬ﻌﻈ‪‬ﻴ ﹺﻢ ]ﺍﻷﻧﻔﺎﻝ‪.[٢٣:‬‬
‫‪‬ﻭ‪‬ﻳ ‪‬ﻐ ‪‬ﻔ ‪‬ﺮ ﹶﻟ ﹸﻜ ‪‬ﻢ ﻭ‪‬ﺍﻟﹼﻠ ‪‬ﻪ ﺫﹸﻭ ﺍﹾﻟ ﹶﻔ ‪‬‬
‫ﻆ ﹺﺑ ‪‬ﻪ ﻣ‪‬ﻦ ﻛﹶﺎ ﹶﻥ ‪‬ﻳ ‪‬ﺆ ‪‬ﻣ ‪‬ﻦ ﺑﹺﺎﻟﻠﹼ ‪‬ﻪ ﻭ‪‬ﺍﹾﻟ‪‬ﻴ ‪‬ﻮ ﹺﻡ ﺍ ﹶﻻ ‪‬ﺧ ﹺﺮ ‪‬ﻭ ‪‬ﻣ ‪‬ﻦ ‪‬ﻳ‪‬ﺘ ﹺﻖ‬
‫ﺸﻬ‪‬ﺎ ‪‬ﺩ ﹶﺓ ‪‬ﻟﹼﻠ ‪‬ﻪ ﹶﺫ‪‬ﻟ ﹸﻜ ‪‬ﻢ ﻳ‪‬ﻮ ‪‬ﻋ ﹸ‬
‫ ‪‬ﻭﹶﺃ‪‬ﻗﻴﻤ‪‬ﻮﹾﺍ ﺍﻟ ‪‬‬
‫ﺴ‪‬ﺒ ‪‬ﻪ‬
‫ﺐ ‪‬ﻭﻣ‪‬ﻦ ‪‬ﻳ‪‬ﺘ ‪‬ﻮ ﹼﻛ ﹾﻞ ‪‬ﻋﻠﹶﻰ ﺍﻟﹼﻠ ‪‬ﻪ ﹶﻓ ‪‬ﻬ ‪‬ﻮ ‪‬ﺣ ‪‬‬
‫ﺴ ‪‬‬
‫ﺤ‪‬ﺘ ِ‬
‫ﺚ ﹶﻻ ‪‬ﻳ ‪‬‬
‫ﺨ ‪‬ﺮﺟ‪‬ﺎ‪ .‬ﻭ‪‬ﻳ ‪‬ﺮ ‪‬ﺯ ﹾﻗ ‪‬ﻪ ‪‬ﻣ ‪‬ﻦ ‪‬ﺣ‪‬ﻴ ﹸ‬
‫ﺠ ‪‬ﻌ ﹾﻞ ﹶﻟ ‪‬ﻪ ‪‬ﻣ ‪‬‬
‫ﺍﻟﱠﻠ ‪‬ﻪ ‪‬ﻳ ‪‬‬
‫ﹺﺇ ﹼﻥ ﺍﻟﹼﻠ ‪‬ﻪ ﺑ‪‬ﺎ‪‬ﻟ ﹸﻎ ﹶﺃ ‪‬ﻣ ﹺﺮ ‪‬ﻩ ﹶﻗ ‪‬ﺪ ‪‬ﺟ ‪‬ﻌ ﹶﻞ ﺍﻟﹼﻠ ‪‬ﻪ ‪‬ﻟ ﹸﻜ ﹼﻞ ‪‬ﺷ ‪‬ﻲ ٍﺀ ﹶﻗ ‪‬ﺪﺭ‪‬ﺍ  ]ﺍﻟﻄﻼﻕ‪٢:‬ـ‪.[٣‬‬

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‫ﳏﻤﺪ ﺑﻦ ﻋﻤﺮ ﺑﻦ ﺳﺎﱂ ﺑﺎﺯﻣﻮﻝ‬
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