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Contents

Food security in India ........................................................................................................................................................ 2 Poverty in India ................................................................................................................................................................. 2 Honour killings .................................................................................................................................................................. 3 Case for reservation in parliament for women ................................................................................................................. 3 Criminalization of politics in india ..................................................................................................................................... 3 Hardships of working women in India .............................................................................................................................. 4 Dowry in india ................................................................................................................................................................... 4 Female infanticide in india ................................................................................................................................................ 5 Unemployment in India .................................................................................................................................................... 6 MNC IN INDIA.................................................................................................................................................................... 6 Black Money In India ......................................................................................................................................................... 7 Vioence against women in india ....................................................................................................................................... 7 Population problem in India ............................................................................................................................................. 8 Sustainable development in India and world ................................................................................................................... 8 Challenges to economic liberalization in india................................................................................................................. 9 Death sentence for rape ................................................................................................................................................... 9

lack of back end infra.58 lac tons of food grains are damaged in india per year Challenges – climate challenge.53% to . water supply. Surplus of labour has created probelsm of unemployment 90% of population works in un organized sector. mention green revolution. fdi in retail. Policy options – community farming. The growth rate of food production growth has declined from 2. futher increase in sown area is difficult. un reliable monsoon Possiblity of decrease in production of wheat from 75 m t in 2010 to 58 mt due to adverse climate change. obc 31% In urban areas sc 34%. population. Food grain production in the country increased from about 50 million tonnes in 1950-51 to around 233. st 30%obc 24% 50% of agri labour is below pverty Bihar has highest incidence of pverty at 53. falling ground water levels. increase in storage. While services n industry have grown in india. agri has not grown proportionately and 55% of population depends on agri.5% Education is a problem as people remain unskilled.7% of population in india live below USD 1. nutrient rich indigenous food like ragi. this means more than half of children under age 5 are malnourished India rank global hunger index 65 out of 97 Agri contributes 16% of GDP and 10% of exports.25 per day. Rurl calorie consumption has fallen by 8% from 1983 to 2010. sc 42%. increase in Rn D in agri ( quote budget features). Global hunger index rank Per capita availability of food has decreased form 429 per day in 1951 to 454 in 2008 Average of .93% Reason – farmer suicide. Poverty in India World bank in 2010 reported that 32.Food security in India There have hardly been any food grain imports after the mid-1970s. Peasent households under debt has increased from 26% to 46% In rural areas st 47%. Efforts to reduce poverty .9 million tonnes in 2008-09. fragmented land size.

confidence. self esteem. Solutions Amendments suggested by EC in peoples representation act should be adopted Police administration should be freed from the clutch of politicians Speedy justice RTI Set up special court for decisions against criminal record holders in politics . Case for reservation in parliament for women Reservation for women in panchayat Psotive effects Higher sense of resoponsibilities. Higher interaction of women with parallel body and panchayat block Increased participation of women in panchayat meetings A large proportion have been said to actively participitaed in providing amenities to villages 72% 60% said they made efforts to mitigate domestic violence Worldwide average of women participation in parliament is 19% while in india it is around 10% Criminalization of politics in india 15% of candidates for elections in lok sabha had criminal cases pending against them Out of the 543 elected candidates 162 had criminal cases These elelcted members are resoucful and aoften take advantage of their power to influence the establishment of law and order and hance make it difficult to prove charges and thus lengthen the case.Various schemes of govt Micr finance Micro credit Dtc Honour killings They happen in Northen India as there are strict rules regarding inter cast marriages.

from cash to a share in business. mode of payment has changed. Reformers like raja ram mohan roy opposed dowry. Links between suicide in vidharba and dowry. police apathy Lack of facilities like day care center. declining safety levels in cities. In india every 4 minutes a bride is burned . change in family attitude. reviewing the HR policy ( Eg tata steel) Safety. eg in Vedas there was a system of reverse payment. along with awareness and rising aspiration levels. etc Major portion of bank loans by poor people taken for marraige and dowry of daughters. Solutions Day care centers. expensive gifts. husbands do no share household work Sexual harassment at work. maternity leave etc Future scenario NSE chairman is a woman Self help groups. Dowry prohibition act Inspite of the act dowry continues. however was not always like this. micr finance etc Chanda Kochar Kiran mazumdar shaw Naina lad kidwai Kalpana Morparia. Mental harassment. However today Indian women still continue to suffer from the evil of dowry. Dowry in india Ancient system.Role of media US election funding system Hardships of working women in India Cost of living has gone up so women have to work.

effective justice. patriachial sys requires son to continue the family line. Sex selection. Under 6 sex ratio at only 914 Abandonment of girl child in dustbins etc Solutions Baby hatches Strict rule against sex selection Social security scheme for elders More micro finance loans for women Women’s bank Cancel license of those doctors who indulge in sex selective abortions under prenatal diagnostic technique act Ensure total immunization of girl child under 6 as diarrhea is main cause of death Provide subsidy for girl education . while daughter is seen as an economic penalty. Female infanticide in india 3 millions girls lost to infanticide in 2012 Main cause – cultural belief and social norms Son is seen as an assets who brings in a daughter in law upon marriage and provides bread to family and old age assistance. Girls are 21% more likely to die than a boy before 5th birthday due to violence. Education. Women have to take the lead. religious belief in hindi that only son is allowed to lit funeral.More than 9000 deaths in india Solutions Change in social mindset Strict law. Dowry amount is huge.

IBM. Prevalence of unorganized sector means employment is not of good quality. Women employment has to be increased by providing safety at work place and conducive work environment. however it is not confined to MNC alone. Women have higher participation in MNC as per Delloite. It is necessary for BoP. industry friendly curriculum. labour laws make it difficult to form a large companies etc. Gradutes quality is not up to the mark. it is not productive and has resulted in rise in the wages and shortage of agri labor. MNC IN INDIA FDI is brought to India by MNC statistics of FDI. Female unemployment rate is at 15% at all india level MNREGA scheme though has increased rural employment.Unemployment in India As per labour survey 50% of population is dependent on self employment In Rural areas 11% are estimated to have regular wage salary income. medical insurance. Proper policies have to be in place or MNC exploit local workers. need for skilling of the work force. Nestle. TAX Evasion.8% however 90% of population is in unorganized sector and don’t have access to prov fund.9% Female lfpr is at 25. eg in Indonesia women work for 60 hrs in a day and earn just 80$ per week. etc. Examples of Vodafone. Monsanto Employment is provided by MNCs Bad effect Enron and Royalty payments Skilled persons are giver higher salaries by MNCs and thus affect domestic industries MNC have deeper pockets and hence harm domestic companies. In urban areas 42% have regular salary income At all india level labour force participation rate is at 52.4% Male LFPR is at 77% Unemployment rate is estimated at 3. economic liberalization wil lead to encouragement of entrepreneurship and will lead to job generation. HUL. MNC create indirect jobs. .

94041 cases were of nature of violence against women in 2011. Tax deduction at source for property transaction. Independence of law enforcement agencies like CBI Reorming the tax code and making it simpler to file taxes Economic liberalization Older laws like urban land ceiling act and rent control act need to be abolished Whistle blower laws must be reformed to encourage reporting Amnesty Vioence against women in india IN SA a women is killed every 6 hrs by an intimate person Cost of domestic vio. Only 2. Nexus between. Solutions Punishment for martial rape.lence is huge with USD 1.9% of victims were girls under age of 14 years. 80% of persons trafficked every year are women and 79% are trafficked for sexual purposes. with black money outflow of USD 1. criminals and police which leads to denial of justice. The report states that since independence total flow of black money till 2010 was USD 232 billion.6 billion in US alone. domestic rape.Black Money In India According to global financial integrity report India is ranked amongst top 10 countries. this results in inflation in other sector.6 billion. In 2011 22172 rape caese reported in india 8. Solutions Strict application of law to one and all. Tax information treaties with tax havens. . politicians . Financials savings have declined to 8% from 12% Tax evasion leads to diversion fo resources which could have used for development Black money encourages corruption. this money flows into tax havens and there is statistical relation between outflow and deteriorating income distribution.5% of Indians pay tax and only 42800 have declared to have income above usd 10 mn Savings in physical assets like gold and housing which are harder to track are and amount to 14% of GDP. Black money increases circulation of money which is not tracked and is known to cause inflation in housing and gems and jewellery sector.

Requiring police to register case of reported rape. Population problem in India India has 2. and serious repercussions for failure to do so. 1/4th of population is below poverty. Sustainable development in India and world We do not inherit earth form our ancestors. In 2012 Indias population was 1. education facilities.Lakota . as sex ratio will plummet.22 billion and is expected to cross that of china’s by 2050. we borrow it from our children. however it is not evenly distributed and certain areas have much higher density. Change in the way rape victims are treated Improving sexuality education in schools. Problem of unemployment – 90% is in unorganized sector. child marriages have to be controlled. Nearly 100 million people struggle for access to clean water. Supply of drinking water – nearly 600000 children die due to diarrhea. 20% of population is in the age group of 0 to 25 and represents a resource hungry segment Per capita food consumption has gone down as population growth has been faster than food production growth. Education has to be provided regarding family planning.3% of the world area and 4% of fresh water supply but holds nearly 18% of the population. Ensuring accountability of police and armed forces for sexual offence Cracking down on extra legal village authorities like Khap panchayat Establishment of fast track courts for rape cases. etc to such a huge population will require massive efforts and huge expenditure. India accounts for 14% of maternal death which are caused due to improper health facilities. it partly succeeded as fertility rate came down and use of contraceptives increased. Providing infra facilities. however this has not been enough. Population is growing by 2. which puts massive pressure on infra facilities. female literacy has to be brought up. Steps to control population India was the first country to have a population policy.9% per year and this is putting huge stress on health care system. India population density has increased to 325 persons/km2. One child policy will fail.

however supreme court has said that this application has not been proper. Sustainable dev was coined by United Nations appointed world commission on environment and development in 1987. Population is major challenge for sustainable dev. Solutions Input efficient technology. judiciary. Death sentence is to be applied in the most heinous of rape cases.Sustainable dev is one of the most imp concern right now as survival of our future generation is at stake. Sustainbale development ensures well being of an individual. after the delhi gang rape case there has been a growing demand for death penalty to rapist. War and Conflicts. Pollution definition The presence or introduction of a substance into the environment that has harmful or poisonous effects. Death sentence for rape In 2011 220000 cases of violence against women were reported in india. renewable fuels. social dev. education to realize the full potential of economic reforms. his eco dev. shortage of drinking water. Currently minimum sentence is of 10 yrs while max is life imprisonment. Poverty and inequliaty is another major challenge. like use of cng. earth population crossed 7 billion and it has lead to strain on resources like water. while ensuring environment conservation and protection. Consumption of energy is another major challenge. etc Generation of energy thru renewable sources. Deforestration. Challenges to economic liberalization in india Liberalization hasn’t happened in agriculture It hasn’t happened in manufacturing Only services have benefitted and hence only educated ppl have been able to take advantage of the reforms Wholesome reforms have to take place such as in infra. food etc. Education. Today demand for death sentence is more because of frustration amongst the people with improper application of law and lack of police action .

this will result in more women reporting cases and will lead to better judicial remediation. and may result in the rapist killing the victim to eliminate prima facie evidence. Police force has to be better trained to handle rape cases. However proper police work. right now there are 40000 rape ceses pending in india. victims have to be treated properly. 140 countries have abolished death sentences. There is no evidence to support that death sentence reduces rape cases. Death sentence will lengthen the procedure. . and fast judiciary action will deter rapist more effectively.People feel that death sentence will deter rapist.