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REVIEWER IN LANGUAGE First Quarter 1. Sentence – a group of words that expresses a complete thought. Every sentence begins with a capital letter and ends with a period, question mark or exclamation point. 2. Statement - tells something. It ends with a period. 3. Question – asks something. It ends with a question mark. 4. Command – tells someone to do something. It ends with a period. 5. Request – politely asks someone to do something. It ends with a period. 6. Exclamation – expresses a strong feeling. It ends with an exclamation point. 7. Nouns – names of persons, places, things, animals, and events. 8. Common Noun – names a type of person, place or thing. It begins with a small letter. 9. Proper Noun - names a particular person, place or thing. It begins with a capital letter. 10. Abbreviation – is the shortened form of a word used to represent the full form. A period is usually used after each abbreviation. 11. Singular Noun – names one person, place, thing, or idea. 12. Plural Noun – names more than one person, place, thing or idea. 13. Some Rules on forming Plural of Nouns :  Add s to most singular nouns. Examples : book-books flower-flowers bag-bags  Add es to nouns ending in s, ss, x, z, ch, sh. Examples: bus-buses glass-glasses quiz –quizzes match-matches fox-foxes bush-bushes  With nouns ending with a consonant and y, change y to I and add –es Examples: candy – candies body – bodies  With nouns ending with a vowel and y, just add s. Examples: boy –boys day – days  Most nouns ending with f and fe, add s; to some change f or fe to v and add es. Examples: leaf – leaves life – lives belief – beliefs reef – reefs  Nouns ending with a vowel and an o, add s Examples: bamboo – bamboos video – videos  Nouns ending with a consonant and o, generally add s, but sometimes –es. Examples: piano – pianos potato potatoes  Some irregular nouns change spelling in the plural form Examples: man – men child – children foot – feet  Some irregular nouns keep their spelling Examples: deer – deer sheep – sheep 14. Count Noun – can be counted. It forms its plural by adding s or es. 15. Mass Nouns – cannot be counted. They form their plural with the use of counters. 16. Quantifier – expresses amount or quantity. The quantifiers many, a few, and several are used with mass nouns. Some, more, and less are used with both count and mass nouns. 17. Some Abbreviations: Phil – Philippines Sun. – Sunday Jan. - January St. – Street/ Saint Mon. – Monday Feb. - February Ave. – Avenue Tues. – Tuesday Mar. - March Mr. – Mister Wed. – Wednesday Apr. – April Mrs. – Mistress Thurs.- Thursday Jun. - June Dr. – Doctor Fri. - Friday Jul. - July Atty. – Attorney Sat. – Saturday Aug. - August Sch. – School Sr. – Senior Sept. September Mt. – Mountain Jr. - Junior Oct. - October Lt. – Lieutenant m. – meter Nov. - November Apt. – Apartment km. – kilometer Dec. - December In. – inches ft. – feet hp horsepower kw.- kilowatt Engr.- Angineer Q.C.- Quezon City tsp – teaspoon Capt. – Captain P.O. – Post Office R.P. – Republic of the Philippines SPELLING WORDS: 1. 2. 3. 4. 5. explore discover leather suitcase shrine 6. protect 7. wildlife 8. florist 9. greenhouse 10. warmth EXERCISES: A. Use a period or a question mark to complete the sentence. 1. She is the daughter of the president __ 2. I am a good girl __ 3. Are you coming tomorrow __ B. C. D. E. F. G. H. 4. My cousin is afraid of lightning and thunder __ 5. Who will join the contest __ 6. Can you give me a good answer __ 7. Have you seen the President __ 8. Let us play in your house __ 9. Is he your father __ On the blank, write S if it is a statement and Q if it a question. _____ 1. Ana and Mary are sisters. _____ 2. Did you go to the mall yesterday? _____ 3. You are a very good friend. _____ 4. Do you know where I placed my book? _____ 5. Are you sick? Write C if the sentence is a command and R if a request. _____ 1. Please pass the rice. _____ 2. Go and get your book. _____ 3. Kindly get me a towel. _____ 4. Pick up that piece of paper, please. _____ 5 Stay here. Check the group of words that expresses a complete thought. _____ 1. Mayon volcano is in Albay _____ 2. The tall Mt. Apo _____ 3. Beautiful flowers in a vase _____ 4. My mother is a good cook. _____ 5. Rita and Jean are close friends. Give common noun for each of the following proper noun. 1. Namei Polytechnic Institute _______________________________ 2. Colgate ______________________________________________ 3. Mandaluyong - _________________________________________ 4. Josh Groban ___________________________________________ 5. Across Borders Through Language _________________________ Give a proper noun for each of the following common noun. 1. province - ______________________________________________ 2. girl - _________________________________________________ 3. actress - ______________________________________________ 4. church - ______________________________________________ 5. mall - ________________________________________________ Circle all the nouns in every sentence. 1. Linda is a good daughter and a good sister. 2. John, Raymond and Richard are brothers. 3. The children study their lessons in school. 4. Liza lives in Mandaluyong City near Megamall. 5. Rosemarie loves the dogs and cats that her father bought in the mall. Give the plural form of the following nouns. 1. wife - ________________ 16. volcano - _________________ 2. bee - ________________ 17. chair - ___________________ 3. fireman - _____________ 18. gas - ____________________ 4. tooth - ________________ 19. sheep - ____________________ 5. kitten- ________________ 20. rock - _____________________ 6. deer - ________________ 21. hero - _____________________ 7. rash - ________________ 22. case - _____________________ 8. grass - _______________ 23. brush - ____________________ 9. watch - _______________ 24. ray - ______________________ 10. buzz - ________________ 25. patch - ____________________ 11. tax- _________________ 26. loaf - _____________________ 12. radio - ________________ 27. sack - ____________________ 13. tomato - _______________ 28. day - _____________________ 14. car - __________________ 29. puppy - ___________________ 15. inch - _________________ 30. city - ____________________ I. Give abbreviation for the following. 1. December - ___________ 11. Attorney - ____________ 2. Engineer - _____________ 12. Miss - _____________ 3. Doctor - ______________ 13. Republic of the Philippines - ________ 4. Manila - ______________ 14. teaspoon - __________ 5. kilogram - _____________ 15. Avenue - ___________ 6. horsepower - __________ 16. feet - _____________ 7. Department of Education - _______ 17.Friday - ____________ 8. January - _____________ 18. Senior - ___________ 9. Saturday - ____________ 19. College - __________ 10. Mount ain - ___________ 20. Meter - ____________ J. Tell whether count or mass nouns. ____________ 1. sugar ____________ 6. juice ____________ 2. box ____________ 7. rice ____________ 3. cap ____________ 8. chocolate ____________ 4. fruits ____________ 9. table ____________ 5. cooking oil ____________10. Hair k. Circle the correct quantifier. 1. There is ( a little, several) oil left in the bottle. 2. Don’t put ( much, a few ) sugar in my coffee. 3. There were ( little, a few ) people who attended the party. 4. Just ( a little, a few ) drops of syrup will do. 5. She has ( much, many ) friends.