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Intel® Desktop Board D848PMB

Technical Product Specification

November 2003 Order Number: C53953-001
The Intel® Desktop Board D848PMB may contain design defects or errors known as errata that may cause the product to deviate from published specifications. Current characterized errata are documented in the Intel Desktop Board D848PMB Specification Update.

Revision History
Revision -001 Revision History First release of the Specification. Intel® Desktop Board D848PMB Technical Product Date November 2003

This product specification applies to only the standard Intel® Desktop Board D848PMB with BIOS identifier RC86510A.86A. Changes to this specification will be published in the Intel Desktop Board D848PMB Specification Update before being incorporated into a revision of this document.

INFORMATION IN THIS DOCUMENT IS PROVIDED IN CONNECTION WITH INTEL® PRODUCTS. NO LICENSE, EXPRESS OR IMPLIED, BY ESTOPPEL OR OTHERWISE, TO ANY INTELLECTUAL PROPERTY RIGHTS IS GRANTED BY THIS DOCUMENT. EXCEPT AS PROVIDED IN INTEL’S TERMS AND CONDITIONS OF SALE FOR SUCH PRODUCTS, INTEL ASSUMES NO LIABILITY WHATSOEVER, AND INTEL DISCLAIMS ANY EXPRESS OR IMPLIED WARRANTY, RELATING TO SALE AND/OR USE OF INTEL PRODUCTS INCLUDING LIABILITY OR WARRANTIES RELATING TO FITNESS FOR A PARTICULAR PURPOSE, MERCHANTABILITY, OR INFRINGEMENT OF ANY PATENT, COPYRIGHT OR OTHER INTELLECTUAL PROPERTY RIGHT. INTEL PRODUCTS ARE NOT INTENDED FOR USE IN MEDICAL, LIFE SAVING, OR LIFE SUSTAINING APPLICATIONS. Intel Corporation may have patents or pending patent applications, trademarks, copyrights, or other intellectual property rights that relate to the presented subject matter. The furnishing of documents and other materials and information does not provide any license, express or implied, by estoppel or otherwise, to any such patents, trademarks, copyrights, or other intellectual property rights. Intel may make changes to specifications and product descriptions at any time, without notice. Designers must not rely on the absence or characteristics of any features or instructions marked “reserved” or “undefined.” Intel reserves these for future definition and shall have no responsibility whatsoever for conflicts or incompatibilities arising from future changes to them. Intel® desktop boards may contain design defects or errors known as errata, which may cause the product to deviate from published specifications. Current characterized errata are available on request. Contact your local Intel sales office or your distributor to obtain the latest specifications before placing your product order. Copies of documents which have an ordering number and are referenced in this document, or other Intel literature, may be obtained from: Intel Corporation P.O. Box 5937 Denver, CO 80217-9808 or call in North America 1-800-548-4725, Europe 44-0-1793-431-155, France 44-0-1793-421-777, Germany 44-0-1793-421-333, other Countries 708-296-9333. Intel, Pentium, and Celeron are registered trademarks of Intel Corporation or its subsidiaries in the United States and other countries. Other names and brands may be claimed as the property of others. Copyright © 2003, Intel Corporation. All rights reserved.

Preface
This Technical Product Specification (TPS) specifies the board layout, components, connectors, power and environmental requirements, and the BIOS for the Intel® Desktop Board D848PMB. It describes the standard product and available manufacturing options.

Intended Audience
The TPS is intended to provide detailed, technical information about the Desktop Board D848PMB and its components to the vendors, system integrators, and other engineers and technicians who need this level of information. It is specifically not intended for general audiences.

What This Document Contains
Chapter 1 2 3 4 5 Description A description of the hardware used on the Desktop Board D848PMB A map of the resources of the Desktop Board The features supported by the BIOS Setup program The contents of the BIOS Setup program’s menus and submenus A description of the BIOS error messages, beep codes, and POST codes

Typographical Conventions
This section contains information about the conventions used in this specification. Not all of these symbols and abbreviations appear in all specifications of this type.

Notes, Cautions, and Warnings

NOTE
Notes call attention to important information.

#

INTEGRATOR’S NOTES
Integrator’s notes are used to call attention to information that may be useful to system integrators.

CAUTION
Cautions are included to help you avoid damaging hardware or losing data.

iii

xn are the relative coordinates of its location on the Desktop Board D848PMB. Gigabyte (1. which if not observed. This symbol is used to indicate third-party brands and names that are the property of their respective owners.048. J5J1 is a connector. and X is the instance of the particular part at that general location. GB GB/sec KB Kbit kbits/sec MB MB/sec Mbit Mbit/sec xxh x.741.576 bytes) Megabytes per second Megabit (1. N indicates component type.x V * iv .Intel Desktop Board D848PMB Technical Product Specification WARNING Warnings indicate conditions. Other Common Notation # (NxnX) Used after a signal name to identify an active-low signal (such as USBP0#) When used in the description of a component.073. It is the first connector in the 5J area. Volts.048.824 bytes) Gigabytes per second Kilobyte (1024 bytes) Kilobit (1024 bits) 1000 bits per second Megabyte (1. For example.576 bits) Megabits per second An address or data value ending with a lowercase h indicates a hexadecimal value. located at 5J. Voltages are DC unless otherwise specified. can cause personal injury.

....................................................................31 1...............4 Intel® Flex 6 Audio Subsystem (Optional)..............29 1...............................................3 Operating System Support ...................2 Parallel Port.14 1.................28 1...9....11 Hardware Management Subsystem.............................................1 Audio Subsystem Software ..26 1...........35 1.......1 10/100 Mbits/sec LAN Subsystem (Optional) ........7 Intel® 848P Chipset ..7...............................28 1..............17 1......................................................9...............4 LAN Subsystem Software .......................................................................4 Block Diagram.......................................33 1........1 Hardware Monitoring and Fan Control ASIC .....................2 Gigabit LAN Subsystem (Optional)............31 1.......................1................Contents 1 Product Description 1..12 1.................38 v ...............................12.....10.....................................................23 1......1 Universal 0.........................................11.........................................20 1.................1 Feature Summary .........................................11................................7.......11.....2 Online Support ...................12 1........................................................................................................................................................................33 1..........9 Audio Subsystem..3 Board Layout............................................1.1......................................................................................................................35 1...................................16 1......................................................................6 System Memory .................................9..........12 Power Management ........4 Chassis Intrusion and Detection.....................8.........1 Overview ................................15 1......10...........................................................................................16 1......................................12............................27 1............33 1..................................3 Diskette Drive Controller .......................................................................8 I/O Controller .............32 1.......................................................................................2 Manufacturing Options .............................3 Fan Monitoring ......4 Real-Time Clock......................................................................................34 1.............26 1.................................2 USB..27 1.......................11.......21 1................................................................................................8.................................................. CMOS SRAM.............................29 1.35 1...........10...........13 1......27 1....................8............24 1..........................................10...................................................................................3 Realtek ALC202A-based Audio Subsystem (Optional) ..................1.....4 Keyboard and Mouse Interface .....................................9.........................1 Serial Port ..................................................................................................................................8.................................................7............................................................2 Thermal Monitoring ...........................2 Audio Connectors.................................1 ACPI.........................................................5 Processor .......................23 1..................................................................2 Hardware Support ..............5 V AGP 3.35 1......0 Connector.................4 Design Specifications .3 Alert Standard Format (ASF) Support .................27 1............................................................8 V / 1........... and Battery.............................10 LAN Subsystem...................28 1.........24 1.......................................................33 1......3 IDE Support ..........................................................7...................................................................

.............................................3....48 Connectors .................................80 3...................................................................................1 I/O Shield ....................................8 Introduction......................77 Resource Configuration .....................................................................3 External I/O Connectors ....................................................................................................................................................................47 PCI Interrupt Routing Map ....11...............................................9...................................................3 3................3 2.................................................Intel Desktop Board D848PMB Technical Product Specification 2 Technical Reference 2..................4 Power Supply Considerations ...............1 Language Support............................................73 2...........................82 3...........................................................................2 Add-in Board Considerations..............................................................44 Fixed I/O Map.........11...................................................................78 System Management BIOS (SMBIOS) ............15.........................................75 2........................................................73 2.............................................................................68 2..............78 3.....................................1 2..66 2................................15.......3 European Union Declaration of Conformity Statement ....46 Interrupts ......10.............79 Legacy USB Support ..............9.........1 Front Panel Audio Connector/Jumper Block.................................6 2....................................................................8..................................................51 2...................82 2.....................................................................................8.................................11 2...11......................12 2.......1 DC Loading ......52 2.................44 DMA Channels ...............2 Custom Splash Screen.....................................................................................................60 Jumper Blocks.........................................................................................................................................15...........................69 Thermal Considerations..........2 2................................5 Product Certification Markings (Board Level) .............................................................................4 3..................................10 2.........................8...........2 Network Boot..............8............................................73 2.....................6 3..77 BIOS Flash Memory Organization ...........................................5 3...................................................................................................8 vi .......................................................................81 Boot Options......................15 3 Overview of BIOS Features 3..................5 2............................................................................7 3............74 2........................................1 Back Panel Connectors........................79 BIOS Updates .2 Internal I/O Connectors ...........................................................2 PCI IDE Support................................15....................................3 Fan Connector Current Capability ......69 Reliability ......................................................................11........72 Environmental .................65 Mechanical Considerations.............4 Product Ecology Statements .......................................45 PCI Configuration Space Map ...81 Recovering BIOS Data ....67 Electrical Considerations .68 2.........................6.............................................................................................................3................................8............................2 BIOS Setup Configuration Jumper Block.................1 3....................68 2..........................50 2..82 3..............7 2.......................................................64 2..........................................13 2.......................................................................................................64 2...2 EMC Regulations ........................................................14 2...................72 Regulatory Compliance ........78 3............................................................................................68 2........................1 CD-ROM Boot ..............................................43 Memory Map ........................1 PCI Autoconfiguration ............................................4 2....75 Introduction...........................2 3...........................9 2.............................................................1 Safety Regulations ..................................................15...........................................80 3...................................................6.................................................................................

...........................4 ATAPI CD-ROM Drives Submenu ........87 4...111 BIOS Error Messages..........................................................................................................7 4..................................................................................................................................................91 4....4 5............................................................4.........................4.....................4 Changing the Default Boot Device During POST................................9.......................................................101 4.......6...............4..................................1 Additional System Information Submenu.........................................7.......119 Speaker ...............120 BIOS Beep Codes ..........99 4........................4.......7 Video Configuration Submenu.......................................................82 3...3......................89 4.......................................................................................3 Peripheral Configuration Submenu.1 4.....98 4................................4.......................100 4.83 3..............................................................4.........7.........................................10 Fan Control Configuration Submenu ...................................9.......105 Security Menu .................................................8 5..............................83 3..................86 Main Menu........84 4 BIOS Setup Program 4..8.........................................................................................................92 4..................................................................................5 4................................................................................................6 Event Log Configuration Submenu......111 Exit Menu ........8............................................2 Intel Rapid BIOS Boot .3 4...........................1 Peripheral Selection and Configuration .............................................3 Booting Without Attached Devices ......88 Advanced Menu.......................4.....................................................................110 4...4......Contents 3........................3 Removable Devices Submenu ........................................1 PCI Configuration Submenu.........................................5 Floppy Configuration Submenu ...................1 Boot Device Priority Submenu...................7............113 Port 80h POST Codes..................................2 Boot Configuration Submenu ......................4........................................................................110 4.......107 Boot Menu ........................................................................................82 3............................5 5 Error Messages and Beep Codes vii .............................................................4..................................102 4.................7...................2 5...........................94 4...............................................................................................10 BIOS Security Features............90 4.......6 4...............1 ACPI Submenu ................................4...............................2 4....4 Introduction...11 Hardware Monitoring ...........109 4.......83 3..............104 4.......................................106 Power Menu .......9 Fast Booting Systems with Intel® Rapid BIOS Boot .115 Bus Initialization Checkpoints ......................................................................85 Maintenance Menu .......................120 4.....................................................3 5.........8 USB Configuration Submenu .......................................2 Hard Disk Drives Submenu ...........................4 Drive Configuration Submenu .................................................108 4................107 4.....................1 5.............................................................................................................................................9 Chipset Configuration Submenu........................

................ 11..................................... 5...... 22................................................. 17...........................36 Wake-up Devices and Events...... 5.................... 18................. Feature Summary.......... 10.................................53 Power and Hardware Control Connectors ... 20.........................31 LAN Connector LED Locations ........................................................................................................................................................ 16.................51 Audio Connectors ..........................36 Power States and Targeted System Power ......................................................................21 Supported Memory Configurations ............................................................. 8.................54 Rear Chassis Fan Connector ................63 Location of the Jumper Blocks...................... 15.......................70 Tables 1...........................13 Specifications ... 16.39 System Memory Map............................ 7................................................................................................................ 12.............. 2............................................................................14 Block Diagram ......................... Desktop Board D848PMB Components..... 11........... 19................................ 8............................................. 4.................................................................................................. 9............................................30 LAN Connector LED Locations ............................... 15.................................. 6................................................................................................ 19......54 Auxiliary Line In Connector.............44 I/O Map ..................................................................32 Thermal Monitoring......................... 12................................................. 7.41 Back Panel Connectors .........................54 S/PDIF Connector ............................... 10........................................... 21.............................................32 LAN Connector LED States ............................................67 Localized High Temperature Zones........58 External I/O Connectors ....................... 3.....................................22 LAN Connector LED States ........................55 D848PMB Add-in Board and Peripheral Interface Connectors............................ 13............................................................................................................ 6.................................................................. 14........... 4........17 Supported System Bus Frequency and Memory Speed Combinations....................46 PCI Configuration Space Bus Number Options ................................. 18...............................................................12 Manufacturing Options ...............................30 Flex 6 Audio Subsystem Block Diagram .....................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................60 Connection Diagram for Front Panel Connector ........ 20........................................................................................... 9.................................................66 I/O Shield Dimensions ..............................15 Back Panel Audio Connector Options for Flex 6 Audio Subsystem .61 Connection Diagram for Front Panel USB Connectors .....................29 Adapter for S/PDIF Back Panel Connector ............................................................... 3...........................................................................34 Location of the Standby Power Indicator LED on the D848PMB Board .47 PCI Interrupt Routing Map ..........................................................................55 viii ....45 PCI Configuration Space Map .........................................................49 Front Panel Audio Connector ..............................................44 DMA Channels ................................................................... 2................................................................................................ 14................................ 23.................................................64 Desktop Board D848PMB Dimensions ....................... 13.....................37 Fan Connector Function/Operation....................54 ATAPI CD-ROM Connector .............................................................................................46 Interrupts .................... 17..................................................................................Intel Desktop Board D848PMB Technical Product Specification Figures 1......33 Effects of Pressing the Power Switch .................................

...................100 USB Configuration Submenu.......................................................................................................................................... 47..............................................91 Peripheral Configuration Submenu...........................102 Fan Control Configuration Submenu ..................................................... 44......................62 Front Panel Audio Connector/Jumper Block .............................................................................................. ATX12V Power Connector..... 42.................101 Chipset Configuration Submenu ......................................................59 Serial ATA Connectors ...........71 Desktop Board D848PMB Environmental Specifications ........................90 Boot Configuration Submenu...................... 35....................................108 Boot Device Priority Submenu ............................88 Advanced Menu.........109 Hard Disk Drives Submenu ... 55........72 Safety Regulations ........ 56.............. 38............................................................89 PCI Configuration Submenu ............... 30... 60................ 49............86 Maintenance Menu ...............................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................65 DC Loading Characteristics ...84 BIOS Setup Program Menu Bar ........... 52.....99 Video Configuration Submenu ............................................ 69............................................................................................................73 EMC Regulations..56 Main Power Connector ................................. 27.................................................................. 59.............65 BIOS Setup Configuration Jumper Settings....................................................................................................................................... 48...................................................57 SCSI Hard Drive Activity LED Connector (Optional) ........92 Drive Configuration Submenu................110 ATAPI CD-ROM Drives Submenu .... 71.......68 Thermal Considerations for Components ...........................................................................................................56 Processor Fan Connector....................... 45.. 46.85 BIOS Setup Program Function Keys .............................86 Main Menu................................... 28... 25................... 61.......................................... 50..................... 43................................................................. 37................................................62 States for a Two-Color Power LED. 39.................................................59 Auxiliary Front Panel Power/Sleep/Message-Waiting LED Connector .........................................................................107 Boot Menu ...............................57 Chassis Intrusion Connector............... 33...................................................................111 ix ..................110 Removable Devices Submenu.................. 58................................................................................... 36...........................105 Security Menu ............................................................. 65...82 Supervisor and User Password Functions .....................98 Event Log Configuration Submenu ...................................................................................... 63..............................................................................104 Hardware Monitoring Display.................................................... 67........................................ 41........................................... 53....61 Front Panel Connector ..................................61 States for a One-Color Power LED............ 51...94 SATA/PATA Submenus.................................................................... 62......73 Product Certification Markings..........68 Fan Connector Current Capability .............................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................56 Front Chassis Fan Connector .... 57............................................107 ACPI Submenu............................................................. 40.106 Power Menu ............................................................... 31........................................................... 29................................................................................................. 64......................................................... 54.......87 Additional System Information Submenu ............................................ 32......................................................Contents 24....................................................................97 Floppy Configuration Submenu .................................................. 68........................................................................................................75 Boot Device Menu Options ............................................................................... 26........ 70... 34........ 66............................................................................................................................

.............. 79... 77.................111 BIOS Error Messages............................................ 78........113 Uncompressed INIT Code Checkpoints.. 76........... 73.......... 74....................... 80.................................... Exit Menu .......................................................................119 Upper Nibble High Byte Functions............................................................................121 x .........................................116 Bus Initialization Checkpoints ...............................................Intel Desktop Board D848PMB Technical Product Specification 72.........115 Boot Block Recovery Code Checkpoints ....................................................115 Runtime Code Uncompressed in F000 Shadow RAM .................................... 75.........................................................................................................................................................................119 Lower Nibble High Byte Functions.........................................................120 Beep Codes.................

....................9 1..............................5 1................................26 Audio Subsystem.........................................................................................................................................................................................................................................31 Hardware Management Subsystem........................................................................8 1.................................2 1...............17 Processor ................................................................................33 Power Management ........................................1 1..............................10 1........12 Online Support .................................................4 1.............................................................1 Product Description What This Chapter Contains 1..............11 1.........7 1.............16 Operating System Support .........................................................................28 LAN Subsystem............................23 I/O Controller ........20 System Memory .........................6 1........35 11 ..................................................................................16 Design Specifications .........................................................................................................................................................................................................3 1...12 Overview .......................................................21 Intel® 848P Chipset ...............

Table 1. PS/2 devices. and DDR 266 • Support for up to 2 GB of system memory Chipset Intel® 848P Chipset. Plug and Play.90 millimeters]) • Support for an Intel® Pentium® 4 processor in an mPGA478 socket with a 400/533/800 MHz system bus • Support for an Intel® Celeron® processor in an mPGA478 socket with a 400 MHz system bus Memory • Two 184-pin DDR SDRAM Dual Inline Memory Module (DIMM) sockets • Support for DDR 400. and SMBIOS Instantly Available PC Technology • Support for PCI Local Bus Specification Revision 2. ATA-66/100 support • One diskette drive interface • PS/2* keyboard and mouse ports LAN Support BIOS Refer to Manufacturing Options on page 13 • Intel/AMI BIOS (resident in the 4 Mbit FWH) • Support for Advanced Configuration and Power Interface (ACPI).Intel Desktop Board D848PMB Technical Product Specification 1.0 connector (with integrated retention mechanism) supporting 1x. and USB ports continued Table 1 summarizes the major features of the Intel® Desktop Board D848PMB.5 V AGP 3. consisting of: • Intel® 82848P Memory Controller Hub (MCH) • Intel® 82801EB I/O Controller Hub (ICH5) • 4 Mbit Firmware Hub (FWH) Video Audio I/O Control USB Peripheral Interfaces Universal 0.1 Feature Summary Feature Summary microATX (9. Processor Form Factor 12 . front panel.84 millimeters by 215.50 inches [243.1.1 Overview 1.2 • Suspend to RAM support • Wake on PCI.8 V / 1. DDR 333. 4x.0 devices • Eight USB ports • One serial port • One parallel port • Two Serial ATA IDE interfaces • Two Parallel ATA IDE interfaces with UDMA 33.60 inches by 8. and 8x AGP cards Refer to Manufacturing Options on page 13 SMSC LPC47M172 LPC Bus I/O controller Support for USB 2. RS-232.

page 17 1. Not every manufacturing option is available in all marketing channels. Manufacturing Options Allows add-in hard drive controllers (SCSI or other) to use the same LED as the onboard IDE controller. Feature Summary (continued) Three PCI bus add-in card connectors (SMBus routed to PCI bus connector 2) • Hardware monitoring and fan control ASIC • Voltage sense to detect out of range power supply voltages • Thermal sense to detect out of range thermal values • Three fan connectors • Three fan sense inputs used to monitor fan activity • Fan speed control Expansion Capabilities Hardware Monitor Subsystem For information about The board’s compliance level with ACPI. Table 2.Product Description Table 1. Please contact your Intel representative to determine which manufacturing options are available to you.2 Manufacturing Options Table 2 describes the manufacturing options on the Desktop Board D848PMB.2. page 16 13 . Plug and Play.1. and SMBIOS Refer to Section 1.4. The board provides one of the following: • Audio subsystem for AC ‘97 processing using the Realtek ALC202A codec • Flex 6 audio subsystem using the Analog Devices AD1985 codec LAN The board provides one of the following: • Gigabit (10/100/1000 Mbits/sec) LAN subsystem using the Intel® 82547EI Platform LAN Connect (PLC) device • 10/100 Mbits/sec LAN subsystem using the Intel® 82562EZ Platform LAN Connect (PLC) device SCSI Hard Drive Activity LED Connector Audio For information about Available configurations for the Desktop Board D848PMB Refer to Section 1.

Intel Desktop Board D848PMB Technical Product Specification

1.1.3

Board Layout

Figure 1 shows the location of the major components on the Desktop Board D848PMB.
AB C D E

FF EE DD CC BB AA Z Y X

F G

H

I J K

W V
A B C D E F G H I J K L M N O P

U T

S R P Q
Q R S T U V W X Y Z AA BB CC DD EE FF

O

NM L
OM16418

Audio codec Front panel audio connector Ethernet PLC device (optional) AGP connector Back panel connectors Rear chassis fan connector +12V power connector (ATX12V) mPGA478 processor socket Processor fan connector Intel 82848P MCH DIMM sockets I/O controller Power connector SCSI hard drive activity LED connector (optional) Diskette drive connector Parallel ATA IDE connectors

Front chassis fan connector Chassis intrusion connector 4 Mbit Firmware Hub (FWH) Serial ATA connectors BIOS Setup configuration jumper block Auxiliary front panel power LED connector Front panel connector Front panel USB connector Intel 82801EB I/O Controller Hub (ICH5) Front panel USB connector Battery PCI bus add-in card connectors Speaker Auxiliary line-in connector S/PDIF connector (optional ATAPI CD-ROM connector

Figure 1. Desktop Board D848PMB Components

14

Product Description

1.1.4

Block Diagram

Figure 2 is a block diagram of the major functional areas of the Desktop Board D848PMB.
= connector or socket Back Panel/ Front Panel USB Ports Parallel ATA IDE Interface USB Serial Port mPGA478 Processor Socket System Bus (400/533/800 MHz) LPC Bus I/O Controller Parallel Port PS/2 Mouse PS/2 Keyboard Diskette Drive Connector CSA Interface LPC Bus

Parallel ATA IDE Connectors (2)

LAN Connector

Gigabit LAN PLC (Optional)

AGP Interface Universal 0.8/ 1.5 V AGP 3.0 Connector Intel 82848P Memory Controller Hub (MCH) AHA Bus Intel 82801EB I/O Controller Hub (ICH5) 4 Mbit Firmware Hub (FWH)

DIMM Sockets (2)

Memory Bus SMBus PCI Bus

CSMA/CD Unit Interface 10/100 LAN PLC (Optional) LAN Connector

PCI Slot 1 PCI Slot 2 PCI Slot 3 Hardware Monitoring and Fan Control ASIC SMBus

AC Link

Serial ATA IDE Interface

Serial ATA IDE Connectors (2)

Front Left and Right Out Center and LFE Out AD1985 Audio Codec (Optional) Rear Left and Right Out S/PDIF Line In Mic In CD-ROM Auxiliary Line In

Line In Line Out Mic In Auxiliary Line In CD-ROM

Realtek ALC202A Audio Codec (Optional)

AC Link

OM16508

Figure 2. Block Diagram

15

Intel Desktop Board D848PMB Technical Product Specification

1.2 Online Support
To find information about… Intel Desktop Board D848PMB under “Desktop Board Products” or “Desktop Board Support” Available configurations for the Desktop Board D848PMB Processor data sheets ICH5 addressing Audio software and utilities LAN software and drivers Visit this World Wide Web site: http://www.intel.com/design/motherbd http://support.intel.com/support/motherboards/desktop http://developer.intel.com/design/motherbd/mb/mb_available.htm http://www.intel.com/design/litcentr http://developer.intel.com/design/chipsets/datashts http://www.intel.com/design/motherbd http://www.intel.com/design/motherbd

1.3 Operating System Support
The Desktop Board D848PMB support drivers for all of the onboard hardware and subsystems under the following operating systems: • • • • Microsoft Windows* XP Windows ME Windows 2000 Windows 98 SE
Refer to Section 1.2

For information about Supported drivers

NOTE
Third party vendors may offer other drivers.

16

asp http://www. 1999. August 2000. and Toshiba Corporation.t13. Intel Corporation.Product Description 1. 2001.htm continued 17 . Version 1. 1999.org/ http://developer.formfactors. Microsoft Corporation. Intel Corporation. Intel Corporation. Revision 1.0.0.acpi. and Ownership Revision 2.org/for mfactor.pdf http://www. Revision 3. JEDEC Solid State Technology Association.4 Design Specifications Table 3 lists the specifications applicable to the Desktop Board D848PMB.jedec. Intel Corporation. June 2002.org/for mfactor. June 20. Version 1. 2000.2. August 4.com/tec hnology/memory/index.dmtf.org/standards /documents/ASF/DSP0114. September 27. Seagate Technology.9. Version 1. February 08. Intel Corporation.1.0b.com/labs/ media/audio/download/ac97r 22. Intel Corporation.0.intel.org/ ATX12V ATX/ATX12V Power Supply Design Guide Boot Integrity Services (BIS) Application Programming Interface (API) Double Data Rate (DDR) SDRAM Specification BIS DDR SDRAM Design Specification for a 184 Pin DDR Unbuffered DIMM Intel ® JEDEC DDR 200/266 Unbuffered DIMM Specification Addendum http://www.formfactors. htm ACPI Advanced Configuration and Power Interface Specification ASF Alert Standard Format (ASF) Specification http://www.p df http://www. The information is available from… ftp://download.org ATA/ ATAPI-5 Information Technology-AT Attachment with Packet Interface . February 29. Revision 0.5 (ATA/ATAPI-5) ATX Specification ATX http://www. Version 1.2.info/spec10b.htm http://www. September 2000. Contact: T13 Chair. Version 1.asp http://www.intel.jedec.com/labs/man age/wfm/wfmspecs. DMTF. JEDEC Solid State Technology Association.03. Intel Corporation. Table 3. 2001. June 2000. Version 2. October 2001. Revision Date.intel. Reference Name AC ’97 Specifications Specification Title Audio Codec ’97 Version.

Version 2. Version 1. and Intel Corporation. 1999.1-1997 (Enhanced Parallel Port) Version.Intel Desktop Board D848PMB Technical Product Specification Table 3.asp continued SFX 18 . Reference Name EHCI Specifications (continued) Specification Title Enhanced Host Controller Interface Specification for Universal Serial Bus IEEE Std 1284. 1997. Intel Corporation. Institute of Electrical and Electronic Engineers. PCI Special Interest Group.1. Intel Corporation. September 29. March 12. May 5.0. Version 2. Intel Corporation. Revision 1.html http://www.pdf http://standards. May 2001.com/design /chipsets/industry/lpc.2.microsoft.asp http://www.pdf EPP El Torito Bootable CD-ROM Format Specification LPC Low Pin Count Interface Specification microATX Motherboard Interface Specification PCI Local Bus Specification PCI Bus Power Management Interface Specification http://www.intel. 1998.asp MicroATX PCI Plug and Play Plug and Play BIOS Specification PXE Preboot Execution Environment SFX/SFX12V Power Supply Design Guide ftp://download.pcisig. Compaq Computer Corporation. June 2002. PCI Special Interest Group. 1994.0.intel. The information is available from… http://developer.com/t echnology/usb/download/e hci-r10. January 25.ieee. Version 1.7.htm http://www.intel. Revision 1. 2002. December 18. 1997.0a. Intel Corporation.phoenix.org/re ading/ieee/std_public/descr iption/busarch/1284.com/lab s/manage/wfm/download/p xespec.pdf http://www. Intel Corporation. 1998.1.com/speci fications http://www.pcisig.com/speci fications http://www.1.0.com/hwd ev/tech/PnP/default. December 18.formfactors.org/f ormfactor. September 20.org/f ormfactor.formfactors.0. Revision Date and Ownership Revision 1. Version 1.com/res ources/specs-cdrom. Revision 2. Phoenix Technologies Limited. Version 1. Phoenix Technologies Limited and International Business Machines Corporation. 1995.11997_desc.

March 1996.org/f ormfactor.org/develop ers/docs UHCI USB WfM Wired for Management Baseline http://www. Revision 1. Intel Corporation.usb. 2002.org/standar ds/documents/SMBIOS/DS P0134.formfactors. Revision 2.0.0. and Koninklijke Philips Electronics N. Compaq Computer Corporation. 1998.com/d esign/USB/UHCI11D.pdf TFX12V TFX12V Power Supply Design Guide Universal Host Controller Interface Design Guide Universal Serial Bus Specification http://www. International Business Machines Corporation. The information is available from… http://www. Revision 1.3. April 27.htm 19 . NEC Corporation. Compaq Computer Corporation. Version 2.4. and SystemSoft Corporation. Award Software International Incorporated. American Megatrends Incorporated. Revision Date and Ownership Version 2. Hewlett-Packard Company.Product Description Table 3. December 18.htm http://www. Hewlett-Packard Company. Phoenix Technologies Limited. Intel Corporation.intel.com/labs/m anage/wfm/wfmspecs. December 06.. May 2002 Intel Corporation.1. Lucent Technologies Inc. 2000.V. Dell Computer Corporation.asp http://developer. Intel Corporation. Reference Name SMBIOS Specifications (continued) Specification Title System Management BIOS Version.intel. Intel Corporation.01.dmtf. Microsoft Corporation.

the processor.12.intel. or TFX12V-compliant power supplies with the Desktop Board D848PMB. Always connect the 20-pin and 4-pin leads of ATX12V. Refer to Section 2. otherwise the board will not boot. SFX12V.Intel Desktop Board D848PMB Technical Product Specification 1.5 Processor ✏ NOTE Refer to Thermal Considerations (Section 2.8. and the power supply. Use of unsupported processors can damage the board. and TFX12V power supplies to the corresponding connectors on the desktop board. page 55 • • For information about Power supply connectors 20 .3. Refer to Table 4 on page 21 for a list of supported system bus frequency and memory speed combinations.2. Do not use a standard ATX power supply.80 GHz with this Intel desktop board.com/design/motherbd/mb/mb_proc . SFX12V. # INTEGRATOR’S NOTES • Use only ATX12V-. The board will not boot with a standard ATX power supply. and TFX12V power supplies have an additional power lead that provides required supplemental power for the processor.htm CAUTION Use only the processors listed on web site above. page 69) for important information when using an Intel Pentium 4 processor operating above 2. SFX12V-. ATX12V. For information about Supported processors for the D848PMB board Refer to http://www. The board is designed to support the following: • • Intel Pentium 4 processors in an mPGA478 processor socket with a 400/533/800 MHz system bus Intel Celeron processors in an mPGA478 processor socket with a 400 MHz system bus See the Intel web site listed below for the most up-to-date list of supported processors.

DDR333. but performance and reliability may be impacted or the DIMMs may not function under the determined frequency. This minimizes system latencies to optimize system throughput. ✏ NOTES To be fully compliant with all applicable DDR SDRAM memory specifications. Minimum total system memory: 64 MB Non-ECC DIMMs Serial Presence Detect DDR400. DDR333 memory is clocked at 320 MHz.6 System Memory The Desktop Board D848PMB has two DIMM sockets and supports the following memory features: • • • • • • • 2.4.6 V (only) 184-pin DDR SDRAM DIMMs with gold-plated contacts Unbuffered. single-sided or double-sided DIMMs with the following restriction: Double-sided DIMMS with x16 organization are not supported. If non-SPD memory is installed. DDR400 DDR333 (Note) DDR266 Note: Supported System Bus Frequency and Memory Speed Combinations The processor's system bus frequency must be… 800 MHz 800 or 533 MHz 800. the board should be populated with DIMMs that support the Serial Presence Detect (SPD) data structure. For information about Obtaining DDR SDRAM specifications Refer to Section 1. or 400 MHz To use this type of DIMM… When using an 800 MHz system bus frequency processor.Product Description 1. the BIOS will attempt to correctly configure the memory settings. 533. Table 4. page 17 21 . and DDR266 SDRAM DIMMs Table 4 lists the supported system bus frequency and memory speed combinations. This allows the BIOS to read the SPD data and program the chipset to accurately configure memory settings for optimum performance. 2 GB maximum total system memory.

22 . “DS” refers to double-sided memory modules (containing two rows of DDR SDRAM) and “SS” refers to single-sided memory modules (containing one row of DDR SDRAM).Intel Desktop Board D848PMB Technical Product Specification Table 5 lists the supported DIMM configurations. DIMM Capacity 64 MB 64 MB 128 MB 128 MB 128 MB 256 MB 256 MB 256 MB 512 MB 512 MB 1024 MB Supported Memory Configurations Configuration SS SS DS SS SS DS SS SS DS SS DS DDR SDRAM Density 64 Mbit 128 Mbit 64 Mbit 128 Mbit 256 Mbit 128 Mbit 256 Mbit 512 Mbit 256 Mbit 512 Mbit 512 Mbit DDR SDRAM Organization Front-side/Back-side 8 M x 8/empty 8 M x 16/empty 8 M x 8/8 M x 8 16 M x 8/empty 16 M x 16/empty 16 M x 8/16 M x 8 32 M x 8/empty 32 M x 16/empty 32 M x 8/32 M x 8 64 M x 8/empty 64 M x 8/64 M x 8 Number of DDR SDRAM Devices 8 4 16 8 4 16 8 4 16 8 16 Note: In the second column. Table 5.

page 17 For information about The location of the AGP connector Obtaining the Accelerated Graphics Port Interface Specification 23 .8 V I/O 1x.intel.0 add-in cards with 0. Refer to Figure 1. such as 3D applications.com/ Chapter 2 1.0 add-in cards with 1. 2. The AGP connector is keyed for Universal 0. The ICH5 is a centralized controller for the board’s I/O paths.5 V I/O The AGP connector supports the following: AGP is a high-performance interface for graphics-intensive applications. Rev.0 Connector 4x.2.5 V AGP 3.0 cards only.3 V AGP cards.Product Description 1.8 V / 1. For information about The Intel 848P chipset Resources used by the chipset Refer to http://developer. AGP overcomes certain limitations of the PCI bus related to handling large amounts of graphics data with the following features: • • Pipelined memory read and write operations that hide memory access latency Demultiplexing of address and data on the bus for nearly 100 percent efficiency # INTEGRATOR’S NOTES • • • AGP 2x operation is not supported. Install memory in the DIMM sockets prior to installing the AGP video card to avoid interference with the memory retention mechanism. and the Accelerated Hub Architecture interface. page 14 Section 1.7. The FWH provides the nonvolatile storage of the BIOS. the memory bus.5 V AGP 2. Do not attempt to install a legacy 3. AGP is independent of the PCI bus and is intended for exclusive use with graphical display devices.8 V AGP 3.1 • • Universal 0. 8x AGP 3. While based on the PCI Local Bus Specification.0 cards or 1.3 V AGP card. The AGP connector is not mechanically compatible with legacy 3. 4x AGP 2.4.7 Intel® 848P Chipset The Intel 848P chipset consists of the following devices: • • • Intel 82848P Memory Controller Hub (MCH) with Accelerated Hub Architecture (AHA) bus Intel 82801EB I/O Controller Hub (ICH5) with AHA bus Firmware Hub (FWH) The GMCH is a centralized controller for the system bus.

The port arrangement is as follows: • • • Two ports are implemented with stacked back panel connectors. ATA-66 protocol is similar to Ultra DMA and is device driver compatible. supporting transfer rates of up to 16 MB/sec. The Parallel ATA IDE interfaces support the following modes: • • • • • Programmed I/O (PIO): processor controls data transfer. page 60 Section 1. UHCI. noise. Use shielded cable that meets the requirements for full-speed devices. which support a total of four devices (two per connector) Two Serial ATA IDE connectors.3 • • IDE Support Two Parallel ATA IDE connectors.and EHCI-compatible drivers. front panel. and uses UHCI.0 ports. ✏ NOTE ATA-66 and ATA-100 are faster timings and require a specialized cable to reduce reflections.4. and USB specifications Refer to Figure 10. The ICH5’s ATA-100 logic can achieve read transfer rates up to 100 MB/sec and write transfer rates up to 88 MB/sec.Intel Desktop Board D848PMB Technical Product Specification 1. For information about The location of the USB connectors on the back panel The location of the front panel USB connectors The EHCI.2 USB The boards support up to eight USB 2. ATA-66: DMA protocol on IDE bus supporting host and target throttling and transfer rates of up to 66 MB/sec. even if no device is attached to the cable. Ultra DMA: DMA protocol on IDE bus supporting host and target throttling and transfer rates of up to 33 MB/sec. page 51 Figure 14.7. supports UHCI and EHCI. and inductive coupling. 24 . The ICH5 provides the USB controller for all ports. which support one device per connector The board provides four IDE interface connectors: 1. page 17 1. adjacent to the PS/2 connectors Two ports are implemented with stacked back panel connectors.7.3.1 Parallel ATA IDE Interfaces The ICH5’s Parallel ATA IDE controller has two independent bus-mastering Parallel ATA IDE interfaces that can be independently enabled. ATA-100: DMA protocol on IDE bus allows host and target throttling.7. 8237-style DMA: DMA offloads the processor. adjacent to the audio connectors Four ports are routed to two separate front panel USB connectors ✏ NOTE Computer systems that have an unshielded cable attached to a USB port may not meet FCC Class B requirements.

✏ NOTE Many Serial ATA drives use new low-voltage power connectors and require adaptors or power supplies equipped with low-voltage power connectors. the underlying Serial ATA functionality is transparent to the operating system.7. A point-to-point interface is used for host to device connections. The Desktop Board supports Laser Servo (LS-120) diskette technology through the Parallel ATA IDE interfaces. The Serial ATA controller can operate in both legacy and native modes. The BIOS supports Logical Block Addressing (LBA) and Extended Cylinder Head Sector (ECHS) translation modes. unlike Parallel ATA IDE which supports a master/slave configuration and two devices per channel. Native mode is the preferred mode for configurations using the Windows XP and Windows 2000 operating systems. In Native mode. standard PCI resource steering is used. The drive reports the transfer rate and translation mode to the BIOS.3. page 58 For information about The location of the Parallel ATA IDE connectors on the D848PMB board 1.1 on page 96. In legacy mode. standard IDE I/O and IRQ resources are assigned (IRQ 14 and 15).2 Serial ATA Interfaces The ICH5’s Serial ATA controller offers two independent Serial ATA ports with a theoretical maximum transfer rate of 150 MB/s per port. For more information.org/ 25 . see: http://www.4. An LS-120 drive can be configured as a boot device by setting the BIOS Setup program’s Boot menu to one of the following: • • ARMD-FDD (ATAPI removable media device – floppy disk drive) ARMD-HDD (ATAPI removable media device – hard disk drive) Refer to Figure 13.4.Product Description The Parallel ATA IDE interfaces also support ATAPI devices (such as CD-ROM drives) and ATA devices using the transfer modes listed in Section 4.serialata. For compatibility. One device can be installed on each port for a maximum of two Serial ATA devices.

✏ NOTE If the battery and AC power fail.7.8 I/O Controller The I/O controller provides the following features: • • • • • • • One serial port One parallel port with Extended Capabilities Port (ECP) and Enhanced Parallel Port (EPP) support Serial IRQ interface compatible with serialized IRQ support for PCI systems PS/2-style mouse and keyboard interfaces Interface for one 1.national. or written to. For information about The location of the SCSI hard drive activity LED connector on the D848PMB board The signal names of the SCSI hard drive activity LED connector Refer to Figure 13. For proper operation. will be loaded into CMOS RAM at power-on. and Battery A coin-cell battery (CR2032) powers the real-time clock and CMOS memory.7. custom defaults. CMOS SRAM.com/ http://www.3 VSB applied. For information about SMSC LPC47M172 I/O controller National Semiconductor PC87372 I/O Controller Refer to http://www.88 MB diskette drive Intelligent power management. When the computer is plugged in.3.smsc.44 MB or 2. page 59 1.Intel Desktop Board D848PMB Technical Product Specification 1. this connector should be wired to the LED output of the add-in hard drive controller.4 Real-Time Clock. The LED indicates when data is being read from. if previously saved. including a programmable wake-up event interface PCI power management support The BIOS Setup program provides configuration options for the I/O controller. When the computer is not plugged into a wall socket. the standby current from the power supply extends the life of the battery. either the add-in hard drive controller or the onboard IDE controller (Parallel ATA or Serial ATA). The clock is accurate to ± 13 minutes/year at 25 ºC with 3. the battery has an estimated life of three years. page 58 Table 29. 1.com/ 26 .3 SCSI Hard Drive Activity LED Connector (Optional) The SCSI hard drive activity LED connector is a 1 x 2-pin connector that allows an add-in hard drive controller to use the same LED as the onboard IDE controller.

Use the BIOS Setup program to configure the diskette drive interface. Use the BIOS Setup program to set the parallel port mode. ✏ NOTE The keyboard is supported in the bottom PS/2 connector and the mouse is supported in the top PS/2 connector. For information about The location of the diskette drive connector on the D848PMB board The supported diskette drive capacities and sizes Refer to Figure 13.2 Parallel Port The 25-pin D-Sub parallel port connector is located on the back panel.1 Serial Port The board has one serial port connector located on the back panel. For information about The location of the serial port A connector Refer to Figure 10. Power to the computer should be turned off before a keyboard or mouse is connected or disconnected. The serial port supports data transfers at speeds up to 115.8.8. page 98 1.8. For information about The location of the parallel port connector Setting the parallel port’s mode Refer to Figure 10.8.4 Keyboard and Mouse Interface PS/2 keyboard and mouse connectors are located on the back panel. page 51 1.2 kbits/sec with BIOS support. page 51 27 . page 92 1. page 51 Table 54.Product Description 1. For information about The location of the keyboard and mouse connectors Refer to Figure 10.3 Diskette Drive Controller The I/O controller supports one diskette drive. page 58 Table 57.

page 53 Table 20.9. condenser. page 54 Figure 11. The component side audio connectors include the following: Front panel audio (a 2 x 5-pin connector that provides mic in and line out signals for front panel audio connectors) Auxiliary line in (a 1 x 4-pin ATAPI-style connector for the left and right channel signals of an internal audio device to the audio subsystem) ATAPI CD-ROM (a 1 x 4-pin ATAPI-style connector for connecting an internal ATAPI CD-ROM drive to the audio mixer) S/PDIF (an optional 1 x 3-pin connector that provides S/PDIF output signals) The functions of the back panel audio connectors are dependent on which subsystem is present. page 53 Table 22. page 53 Table 21.9 Audio Subsystem The board supports the following audio options: • An audio subsystem based on the Realtek ALC202A codec providing:  Signal-to-noise ratio ≥ 90 dB  Wake event support (driver dependent) •  Mic in pre-amp that supports dynamic. page 54 Figure 11. Refer to Section 1. Refer to Section 1.2 • • • • Audio Connectors The board contains audio connectors on both the back panel and the component side of the board. page 54 28 . For information about The location of the front panel audio connector The signal names of the front panel audio connector The location of the auxiliary line in connector The signal names of the auxiliary line in connector The location of the ATAPI CD-ROM connector The signal names of the ATAPI CD-ROM connector The location of the S/PDIF connector The signal names of the S/PDIF connector Refer to Figure 11.2. For information about Obtaining audio software and drivers 1.9. page 54 Figure 11.3 for back panel audio configuration for the Realtek ALC202A audio subsystem.4 for back panel audio configuration for the Intel® Flex 6 audio subsystem.9. and electret microphones An optional Flex 6 audio subsystem based on the Analog Devices AD1985 codec providing:  Advanced jack sense with Auto Topology Switching that enables the audio codec to recognize what device is connected to an audio port and alerts the user if the wrong type of device has been connected  Split digital/analog architecture for improved S/N (signal-to-noise) ratio: > 94 dB 1.Intel Desktop Board D848PMB Technical Product Specification 1. page 16 Audio software and drivers are available from Intel’s World Wide Web site.9. page 53 Table 19.1 Audio Subsystem Software Refer to Section 1.

Two-Channel Analog Jack Option Six-Channel Analog Shared Jack Option 5.9.1 Digital Shared Jack Option Line In Rear Channel Left and Right Out Front Channel Left and Right Out Center Channel and LFE (Subwoofer) Out Line In Line Out S/PDIF Mic In Mic In OM15974 Figure 3. The available configurations are shown in Figure 3.9. 1. condenser. Refer to Section 2.9. Back Panel Audio Connector Options for Flex 6 Audio Subsystem 29 .1 on page 64 for more information. and electret microphones  Line out  Line in  Mic in The Realtek ALC202A-based audio subsystem consists of the following devices: The audio subsystem includes these features: The back panel audio connectors for this audio subsystem including the following: 1.Product Description ✏ NOTE The front panel audio connector is alternately used as a jumper block for routing audio signals.4 • • • Intel® Flex 6 Audio Subsystem (Optional) Intel 82801EB I/O Controller Hub (ICH5) Analog Devices AD1985 audio codec Microphone input that supports a single dynamic. or electret microphone The Flex 6 audio subsystem includes the following: The back panel audio connectors are configurable through the audio devices drivers.3 • • • • • Realtek ALC202A-based Audio Subsystem (Optional) Intel 82801EB I/O Controller Hub (ICH5) Realtek ALC202A audio codec Signal-to-noise ratio ≥ 90 dB Supports wake events (driver dependent) Mic in pre-amp that supports dynamic. condenser.

Intel Desktop Board D848PMB Technical Product Specification

#

INTEGRATOR’S NOTE
To access the S/PDIF signal with the 5.1 Digital Shared Jack option, connect an 1/8-inch stereo phone plug to RCA jack adapter/splitter as shown in Figure 4.

Connect to S/PDIF output on Back Panel

RCA Jack Left Channel (White, if colored)

1/8-inch Stereo Phone Plug

Connect to 5.1 speaker system or an S/PDIF decoder

OM16108

Figure 4. Adapter for S/PDIF Back Panel Connector

Figure 5 is a block diagram of the Flex 6 audio subsystem.
Rear Left and Right Out Front Left and Right Out Center and LFE (Subwoofer) Out 82801EB I/O Controller Hub (ICH5) AC ’97 Link AD1985 Audio Codec S/PDIF Line In Mic In CD-ROM Auxiliary Line In
OM16102

Figure 5. Flex 6 Audio Subsystem Block Diagram
For information about The front panel audio connector The back panel audio connectors Refer to Section 2.9.1, page 64 Section 2.8.1, page 51

30

Product Description

1.10 LAN Subsystem
The LAN subsystem consists of the following: • Physical layer interface device. As a manufacturing option, the board includes one of the following Platform LAN Connect (PLC) devices:  Intel 82562EZ PLC for 10/100 Mbits/sec Ethernet LAN connectivity • • • • • •  Intel 82547EI PLC for Gigabit (10/100/1000 Mbits/sec) Ethernet LAN connectivity RJ-45 LAN connector with integrated status LEDs PCI bus master interface CSMA/CD protocol engine Serial CSMA/CD unit interface that supports the 82562EZ 8-bit CSA port interface that supports the 82547EI PCI power management  Supports ACPI technology  Supports LAN wake capabilities

Additional features of the LAN subsystem include:

1.10.1

10/100 Mbits/sec LAN Subsystem (Optional)

The 10/100 Mbits/sec LAN subsystem includes the ICH5 (with its CSMA/CD interface), the Intel 82562EZ PLC, and an RJ-45 LAN connector with integrated status LEDs.

1.10.1.1
• • • •

Intel® 82562EZ Physical Layer Interface Device
Basic 10/100 Ethernet LAN connectivity Full device driver compatibility Programmable transit threshold Configuration EEPROM that contains the MAC address

The Intel 82562EZ provides the following functions:

1.10.1.2

RJ-45 LAN Connector with Integrated LEDs

Two LEDs are built into the RJ-45 LAN connector (shown in Figure 6 below).
Green LED Yellow LED

OM15076

Figure 6. LAN Connector LED Locations

31

Intel Desktop Board D848PMB Technical Product Specification

Table 6 describes the LED states when the board is powered up and the 10/100 Mbits/sec LAN subsystem is operating.
Table 6.
LED Color Green

LAN Connector LED States
LED State Off On Blinking Condition LAN link is not established. LAN link is established. LAN activity is occurring. 10 Mbits/sec data rate is selected. 100 Mbits/sec data rate is selected.

Yellow

Off On

1.10.2

Gigabit LAN Subsystem (Optional)

The Gigabit (10/100/1000 Mbits/sec) LAN subsystem includes the GMCH (with its CSA interface), the Intel 82547EI PLC, and an RJ-45 LAN connector with integrated status LEDs.

1.10.2.1
• • • • •

Intel® 82547EI Platform LAN Connect Device
Basic 10/100/1000 Ethernet LAN connectivity Communication Streaming Architecture (CSA) port provides higher throughput and lower latencies than the Intel 82562EZ device, resulting in up to 30% higher bus throughput (up to wirespeed) Full device driver compatibility Programmable transit threshold Configuration EEPROM that contains the MAC address

Intel 82547EI provides the following functions:

1.10.2.2

RJ-45 LAN Connector with Integrated LEDs

Two LEDs are built into the RJ-45 LAN connector (as shown in Figure 7). Table 7 describes the LED states when the board is powered up and the Gigabit LAN subsystem is operating.
Green LED Green/Yellow LED

OM16513

Figure 7. LAN Connector LED Locations

32

11.3 • • Alert Standard Format (ASF) Support An add-in PCI LAN card with ASF support is installed in PCI bus connector 2 The Gigabit LAN subsystem is present Refer to Figure 13.10. For information about Obtaining LAN software and drivers 1. page 17 For information about The WfM specification 1. page 58 The board supports ASF under either of the following conditions: For information about The location of PCI bus connector 2 ✏ NOTE The board does not support ASF when using the onboard 10/100 LAN subsystem. Right Green Yellow 1. 1. The Desktop Board has several hardware management features. 100 Mbit/sec data rate is selected. 1000 Mbit/sec data rate is selected. page 16 LAN software and drivers are available from Intel’s World Wide Web site. LAN link is established. LAN activity is occurring.2. LED Left LAN Connector LED States Color Green LED State Off On Blinking N/A Off On On Condition LAN link is not established. including the following: • • • Fan monitoring and control (through the hardware monitoring and fan control ASIC) Thermal and voltage monitoring Chassis intrusion detection Refer to Section 1.1 • Hardware Monitoring and Fan Control ASIC Internal ambient temperature sensor The features of the hardware monitoring and fan control ASIC include: 33 . 10 Mbit/sec data rate is selected.10.4 LAN Subsystem Software Refer to Section 1.4.Product Description Table 7.11 Hardware Management Subsystem The hardware management features enable the Desktop Board to be compatible with the Wired for Management (WfM) specification.

+3. +12 V.Intel Desktop Board D848PMB Technical Product Specification • • • • Two remote thermal diode sensors for direct monitoring of processor temperature and ambient temperature sensing Power supply monitoring of five voltages (+5 V. located on processor die Remote ambient temperature sensor Ambient temperature sensor (internal to hardware monitoring and fan control ASIC) Processor fan Rear chassis fan Front chassis fan Figure 8. Thermal Monitoring 34 . +1. that can adjust the fan speed or switch the fans on or off as needed SMBus interface Refer to Figure 8. page 34 For information about The location of the fan connectors and sensors for thermal monitoring 1.2 Thermal Monitoring Figure 8 shows the location of the sensors and fan connectors. for all three fans.11.3 VSB.5 V. and +VCCP) to detect levels above or below acceptable values Thermally monitored closed-loop fan control. 1 3 A B 1 3 C 1 3 F Item A B C D E F Description E D OM16420 Thermal diode.

11. and hard disk drives Methods for achieving less than 15-watt system operation in the power-on/standby sleeping state A Soft-off feature that enables the operating system to power-off the computer Support for multiple wake-up events (see Table 10 on page 37) Support for a front panel power and sleep mode switch 35 .2.12 Power Management Power management is implemented at several levels.11. 1. video displays. ACPI features include: • • • • • • Plug and Play (including bus and device enumeration) Power management control of individual devices. including: • • Software support through Advanced Configuration and Power Interface (ACPI) Hardware support:  Power connector  Fan connectors  LAN wake capabilities  Instantly Available PC technology  Resume on Ring  Wake from USB  Wake from PS/2 devices  Power Management Event signal (PME#) wake-up support 1.3 Fan Monitoring Fan monitoring can be implemented using Intel® Active Monitor.12. The use of ACPI with the Desktop Board D848PMB requires an operating system that provides full ACPI support. When the chassis cover is removed. The security feature uses a mechanical switch on the chassis that attaches to the chassis intrusion connector.12. LANDesk* software.2.1 ACPI ACPI gives the operating system direct control over the power management and Plug and Play functions of a computer. The level of monitoring and control is dependent on the hardware monitoring ASIC used with the Desktop Board. the mechanical switch is in the closed position. page 39 1. For information about The functions of the fan connectors Refer to Section 1.Product Description 1.4 Chassis Intrusion and Detection The Desktop Board D848PMB supports a chassis security feature that detects if the chassis cover is removed. or thirdparty software. add-in boards (some add-in boards may require an ACPI-aware driver).

4. No power Power < 5 W (Note 2) No power Power < 5 W (Note 2) continued 36 .1.12. Table 9.1 System States and Power States Under ACPI. The operating system uses information from applications and user settings to put the system as a whole into a low-power state. Context saved to RAM. Devices that are not being used can be turned off. See the ACPI specification for a complete description of the various system and power states. Context saved to disk. D3 – device specification specific.5 W Global States G0 – working state G1 – sleeping state G1 – sleeping state G1 – sleeping state S3 – Suspend to RAM. Table 8. Effects of Pressing the Power Switch …and the power switch is pressed for Less than four seconds Less than four seconds More than four seconds Less than four seconds More than four seconds …the system enters this state Power-on (ACPI G0 – working state) Soft-off/Standby (ACPI G1 – sleeping state) Fail safe power-off (ACPI G2/G5 – Soft off) Wake-up (ACPI G0 – working state) Power-off (ACPI G2/G5 – Soft off) Refer to Section 1. the operating system directs all system and device power state transitions. depending on how ACPI is configured with an ACPI-aware operating system. Power States and Targeted System Power Sleeping States S0 – working S1 – Processor stopped Processor States C0 – working C1 – stop grant Device States D0 – working state. D2. D1. Targeted System Power (Note 1) Full power > 30 W 5 W < power < 52. page 17 If the system is in this state… Off (ACPI G2/G5 – Soft off) On (ACPI G0 – working state) On (ACPI G0 – working state) Sleep (ACPI G1 – sleeping state) Sleep (ACPI G1 – sleeping state) For information about The Desktop Boards’ compliance level with ACPI 1. The operating system puts devices in and out of low-power states based on user preferences and knowledge of how devices are being used by applications. D3 – no power except for wake-up logic.Intel Desktop Board D848PMB Technical Product Specification Table 8 lists the system states based on how long the power switch is pressed. S4 – Suspend to disk. D3 – no power except for wake-up logic. Table 9 lists the power states supported by the Desktop Board D848PMB along with the associated system power targets.

S4. Context not saved. D3 – no power for wake-up logic. S5 (Note) S1. S3. No power No power to the system.Product Description Table 9. Dependent on the standby power consumption of wake-up devices used in the system. S5 (Note) S1. drivers. No power to the system. S3. S3.12. 37 . S3 These devices/events can wake up the computer… For LAN and PME# signal.2 Wake-up Devices and Events Table 10 lists the devices or specific events that can wake the computer from specific states. Service can be performed safely. In addition. S3 S1. S3 S1. Table 10. including add-in boards and peripherals powered by the system chassis’ power supply. 1. S5 is disabled by default in the BIOS Setup program. S4. S5 S1. Targeted System Power (Note 1) Power < 5 W (Note 2) Global States G2/S5 G3 – mechanical off AC power is disconnected from the computer. Total system power is dependent on the system configuration. Setting this option to Power On will enable a wake-up event from LAN in the S5 state. S3. S4. Cold boot is required. S4. Power States and Targeted System Power (continued) Sleeping States S5 – Soft off. Notes: 1.1. software. Processor States No power Device States D3 – no power except for wake-up logic. and peripherals must fully support ACPI wake events. ✏ NOTE The use of these wake-up events from an ACPI state requires an operating system that provides full ACPI support. except when provided by battery or external source. 2. LAN Modem (back panel Serial Port A) PME# signal Power switch PS/2 devices RTC alarm USB Note: Wake-up Devices and Events …from this state S1. S5 S1.

page 108 Section 1. When resuming from an AC power failure. The computer’s response can be set using the Last Power State feature in the BIOS Setup program’s Boot menu. the power supply removes all non-standby voltages. and TFX12V-compliant power supplies can turn off the system power through system control. ✏ NOTE The use of Resume on Ring and Wake from USB technologies from an ACPI state requires an operating system that provides full ACPI support. For information about The location of the power connector The signal names of the power connector The BIOS Setup program’s Boot menu The ATX12V. The method used depends on the type of telephony device (external or internal).2. When an ACPI-enabled system receives the correct command. the computer returns to the power state it was in before power was interrupted (on or off). page 53 Table 26.12. page 56 Table 67. Resume on Ring enables telephony devices to access the computer when it is in a power-managed state. The total amount of standby current required depends on the wake devices supported and manufacturing options. The sections discussing these features describe the incremental standby power requirements for each. and TFX12V specifications Refer to Figure 11. page 17 38 . SFX12V. including: • • • • • • • • Power connector Fan connectors LAN wake capabilities Instantly Available PC technology Resume on Ring Wake from USB Wake from PS/2 keyboard PME# signal wake-up support LAN wake capabilities and Instantly Available PC technology require power from the +5 V standby line. Failure to do so can damage the power supply.2 Hardware Support CAUTION Ensure that the power supply provides adequate +5 V standby current if LAN wake capabilities and Instantly Available PC technology features are used.1 Power Connector ATX12V-. SFX12V-.Intel Desktop Board D848PMB Technical Product Specification 1. 1.12.4. The Desktop Board D848PMB provide several power management hardware features.

or S5 state.3 LAN Wake Capabilities CAUTION For LAN wake capabilities. page 53 1. Table 11 summarizes the function/operation of the fan connectors.2.12.2 compliant LAN designs The onboard LAN subsystem 39 .2. Table 11. Fan is off when the system is off or in the S3. For information about The location of the fan connectors The location of the fan connectors and sensors for thermal monitoring The signal names of the fan connectors Refer to Figure 11. or S5 state. • Fan is on in the S0 or S1 state. • Fan is on in the S0 or S1 state. Depending on the LAN implementation. S4. Rear chassis fan • +12 V DC connection for a system or chassis fan. S4. Failure to provide adequate standby current when implementing LAN wake capabilities can damage the power supply. Upon detecting a Magic Packet* frame.8. Connector Processor fan Front chassis fan • +12 V DC connection for a system or chassis fan.Product Description 1. the Desktop Board D848PMB supports LAN wake capabilities with ACPI in the following ways: • • The PCI bus PME# signal for PCI 2. • Wired to a fan tachometer input of the hardware monitoring and fan control ASIC. page 53 Figure 8. on page 34 Section 2. • Closed-loop fan control (optional) that can adjust the fan speed or switch the fans on or off as needed. or S5 state. The LAN subsystem PCI bus network adapter monitors network traffic at the Media Independent Interface. the LAN subsystem asserts a wake-up signal that powers up the computer. • Wired to a fan tachometer input of the hardware monitoring and fan control ASIC. S4. • Fan is on in the S0 or S1 state.12. LAN wake capabilities enable remote wake-up of the computer through a network. Fan is off when the system is off or in the S3. • Closed-loop fan control that can adjust the fan speed or switch the fans on or off as needed. • Wired to a fan tachometer input of the hardware monitoring and fan control ASIC.2. Fan is off when the system is off or in the S3. • Closed-loop fan control that can adjust the fan speed or switch the fans on or off as needed.2 Fan Connectors Fan Connector Function/Operation Description • +12 V DC connection for a processor fan or active fan heatsink.2. the +5 V standby line for the power supply must be capable of providing adequate +5 V standby current.

The Desktop Board D848PMB supports the PCI Bus Power Management Interface Specification. 40 .4. Failure to provide adequate standby current when implementing Instantly Available PC technology can damage the power supply.2. Add-in boards that also support this specification can participate in power management and can be used to wake the computer. Table 10 on page 37 lists the devices and events that can wake the computer from the S3 state. and the front panel LED is amber if dual colored. the computer will appear to be off (the power supply is off. see Section 1.2 compliant add-in cards and drivers. Instantly Available PC technology enables the Desktop Board D848PMB to enter the ACPI S3 (Suspend-to-RAM) sleep-state. the system quickly returns to its last known wake state.4 Instantly Available PC Technology CAUTION For Instantly Available PC technology.Intel Desktop Board D848PMB Technical Product Specification 1. For information on the version of this specification.) When signaled by a wake-up device or event. The use of Instantly Available PC technology requires operating system support and PCI 2. While in the S3 sleep-state. or off if single colored.12. the +5 V standby line for the power supply must be capable of providing adequate +5 V standby current.

CAUTION If AC power has been switched off and the standby power indicator is still lit.12. CR8H1 OM16421 Figure 9.5 +5 V Standby Power Indicator LED The +5 V standby power indicator LED shows that power is still present even when the computer appears to be off. Failure to do so could damage the board and any attached devices.Product Description 1. disconnect the power cord before installing or removing any devices connected to the board.2. Location of the Standby Power Indicator LED on the D848PMB Board 41 . Figure 9 shows the location of the standby power indicator LED on the D848PMB board.

8 Wake from PS/2 Devices PS/2 device activity wakes the computer from an ACPI S1 or S3 state.12.Intel Desktop Board D848PMB Technical Product Specification 1.9 PME# Signal Wake-up Support When the PME# signal on the PCI bus is asserted.2.12. or S5 state (with Wake on PME enabled in BIOS).2. 42 . 1. S3. S4.12.6 • • • Resume on Ring Resumes operation from ACPI S1 or S3 states Detects incoming call similarly for external and internal modems Requires modem interrupt be unmasked for correct operation The operation of Resume on Ring can be summarized as follows: 1. 1.7 Wake from USB USB bus activity wakes the computer from ACPI S1 or S3 states.2. the computer wakes from an ACPI S1.12. ✏ NOTE Wake from USB requires the use of a USB peripheral that supports Wake from USB.2.

..................................73 2..........................1 Introduction Sections 2...............................................................................................................................68 Thermal Considerations.......................................................................72 Regulatory Compliance .............50 Jumper Blocks........................ and Table 17 describes the interrupts..........46 Interrupts ........................................................................................................................... Table 13 lists the DMA channels............................................................................................................................66 Electrical Considerations ...................10 2..............13 2.................................................................................5 2............... 43 ............. Table 14 shows the I/O map............................69 Reliability .........................9 2......................................................4 2...............................................43 Memory Map ................................6 contain several standalone tables...............2 2..................47 PCI Interrupt Routing Map .......................3 2... Table 15 defines the PCI configuration space map...........................6 2..............48 Connectors .............................................................................................................................................................7 2.....44 DMA Channels .....72 Environmental ....................14 2..............15 Introduction...........................12 2.................................................................44 Fixed I/O Map.......................................................45 PCI Configuration Space Map .....................2 Technical Reference What This Chapter Contains 2..........................................64 Mechanical Considerations.2 ........................................1 2..11 2.........................................8 2...................................................................... Table 12 describes the system memory map............... The remaining sections in this chapter are introduced by text found with their respective section headings.2.........

7FFFFFFF F0000 .1024 K 896 K . Dependent on video adapter used.2 Memory Map Table 12 lists the system memory map.FFFFF E0000 .9FFFF 80000 .960 K 800 K .3 DMA Channels Table 13.DFFFF Size 2047 MB 64 KB 64 KB 96 KB Description Extended memory Runtime BIOS Reserved Potential available high DOS memory (open to the PCI bus).EFFFF C8000 .800 K 639 K .7FFFF 160 KB 1 KB 127 KB 512 KB 2. Table 12.2097152 K 960 K .C7FFF 9FC00 .896 K 640 K .512 K A0000 . 0 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 DMA Channels Data Width 8 or 16 bits 8 or 16 bits 8 or 16 bits 8 or 16 bits 8 or 16 bits 16 bits 16 bits 16 bits System Resource Open Parallel port Diskette drive Parallel port (for ECP or EPP) DMA controller Open Open Open DMA Channel Number 44 .Intel Desktop Board D848PMB Technical Product Specification 2.9FBFF 00000 .640 K 512 K . System Memory Map Address Range (hex) 100000 . Video memory and BIOS Extended BIOS data (movable by memory manager software) Extended conventional memory Conventional memory Address Range (decimal) 1024 K .639 K 0 K .

00FF 0170 .0CFB (Note 2) 0CF9 (Note 3) 0CFC .027F (Note 1) 02E8 .037F 03B0 . The ICH5 data sheet provides more information on address aliassing.02FF (Note 1) 0374 .03F5 03F4 .03DF 03E8 . Refer to the ICH5 data sheet for dynamic addressing information.FFAF Notes: 1.0377 0378 .04D1 LPTn + 400 0CF8 .FFA7 FFA8 .022F (Note 1) 0278 . but can be changed to another address range Dword access only Byte access only I/O Map Size 256 bytes 8 bytes 8 bytes 8 bytes 8 bytes 8 bytes 8 bytes 4 bytes 8 bytes 12 bytes 32 bytes 8 bytes 6 bytes 4 bytes 8 bytes 2 bytes 8 bytes 4 bytes 1 byte 4 bytes 8 bytes 8 bytes Description Used by the Desktop Board D848PMB. LPTn base address + 400h PCI configuration address register Reset control register PCI configuration data register Primary Parallel ATA IDE bus master registers Secondary Parallel ATA IDE bus master registers Address (hex) ✏ NOTE Some additional I/O addresses are not available due to ICH5 address aliassing.Technical Reference 2.4 Fixed I/O Map Table 14.03EF 03F0 . Default. Secondary Parallel ATE IDE channel command block Primary Parallel ATE IDE channel command block LPT3 LPT2 COM4 COM2 Secondary Parallel ATA IDE channel control block LPT1 Intel 82848P MCH Intel 82848P MCH COM3 Diskette channel Primary Parallel ATA IDE channel control block COM1 Edge/level triggered PIC ECP port. 2.0177 01F0 .2 on page 16 45 . 3.0CFF FFA0 .03BB 03C0 .03FF 04D0 . For information about Obtaining the ICH5 data sheet Refer to Section 1. 0000 .03F7 03F8 .01F7 0228 .02EF (Note 1) 02F8 .

Table 16. PCI Configuration Space Map Device Number (hex) 00 and 06 03 1E 1F 1F 1F 1F 1F 1F 1D 1D 1D 1D 1D 01 08 00 01 02 Function Number (hex) 00 00 00 00 01 02 03 05 06 00 01 02 03 07 00 00 00 00 00 Description Memory controller of Intel 82848P component PCI to CSA Bridge (virtual PCI-to-PCI) Hub link to PCI bridge Intel 82801EB ICH5 PCI to LPC bridge Parallel ATA IDE controller Serial ATA controller SMBus controller AC ’97 audio controller AC ’97 modem controller USB UHCI controller 1 USB UHCI controller 2 USB UHCI controller 3 USB UHCI controller 4 EHCI controller Intel 82547EI Gigabit LAN PLC (if present) Intel 82562EZ 10/100 Mbits/sec LAN PLC (if present) PCI bus connector 1 PCI bus connector 2 PCI bus connector 3 Bus Number (hex) 00 00 00 00 00 00 00 00 00 00 00 00 00 00 (Note) (Note) (Note) (Note) (Note) Note: The PCI configuration space bus number for this item will vary depending on the presence or absence of an AGP add-in card and the Gigabit LAN subsystem.Intel Desktop Board D848PMB Technical Product Specification 2. PCI Configuration Space Bus Number Options Is the Gigabit LAN subsystem present? No No Configuration Space Map bus numbers • PCI bus connectors − bus number = 01 • Intel 82562EZ 10/100 LAN PLC − bus number = 01 • AGP add-in card − bus number = 01 • PCI bus connectors − bus number = 02 • Intel 82562EZ 10/100 LAN PLC − bus number = 02 Is an AGP add-in card installed? No Yes No Yes Yes Yes • Intel 82547EI Gigabit LAN PLC − bus number = 01 • PCI bus connectors − bus number = 02 • AGP add-in card − bus number = 01 • Intel 82547EI Gigabit LAN PLC − bus number = 02 • PCI bus connectors − bus number = 03 46 . Table 16 lists the variations.5 PCI Configuration Space Map Table 15.

interval timer Reserved.6 Interrupts The interrupts can be routed through either the Programmable Interrupt Controller (PIC) or the Advanced Programmable Interrupt Controller (APIC) portion of the ICH5 component.0 EHCI controller/User available (through PIRQH) 19 (Note 2) (Note 2) (Note 2) (Note 2) 23 (Note 2) Notes: 1. The APIC is supported in Windows 2000 and Windows XP and supports a total of 24 interrupts. cascade interrupt from slave PIC COM2 (Note 1) COM1 (Note 1) LPT2 (Plug and Play option)/User available Diskette drive LPT1 (Note 1) Real-time clock Reserved for ICH5 system management bus User available User available Onboard mouse port (if present. 2. The PIC is supported in Windows 98 SE and Windows ME and uses the first 16 interrupts. else user available) Secondary IDE/Serial ATA (if present. Default. else user available) USB UHCI controller 1 / USB UHCI controller 4 (through PIRQA) AC ‘97 audio/modem/User available (through PIRQB) ICH5 USB controller 3 (through PIRQC) ICH5 USB controller 2 (through PIRQD) ICH5 LAN (through PIRQE) User available (through PIRQF) User available (through PIRQG) ICH5 USB 2. else user available) Reserved. but can be changed to another IRQ. IRQ NMI 0 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 11 12 13 14 15 16 (Note 2) 17 18 20 21 22 (Note 2) (Note 2) Interrupts System Resource I/O channel check Reserved. keyboard buffer full Reserved. Available in APIC mode only.Technical Reference 2. Table 17. math coprocessor Primary IDE/Serial ATA (if present. 47 .

PCI devices are categorized as follows to specify their interrupt grouping: • • • INTA: By default. (This is not an absolute requirement. the second interrupt on add-in cards that require two or more interrupts is classified as INTB. In most cases.Intel Desktop Board D848PMB Technical Product Specification 2. INTA is connected to PIRQB. In some special cases where maximum performance is needed from a device.7 PCI Interrupt Routing Map This section describes interrupt sharing and how the interrupt signals are connected between the PCI bus connectors and onboard PCI devices.) INTC and INTD: Generally. which is already connected to the ICH5 audio controller. INTB: Generally. a PCI device should not share an interrupt with other PCI devices. For almost all cards that require more than one interrupt. the small amount of latency added by interrupt sharing does not affect the operation or throughput of the devices. In PCI bus connector 3. The PCI specification specifies how interrupts can be shared between devices attached to the PCI bus. the first interrupt on the card is also classified as INTA. All PCI interrupt sources either onboard or from a PCI add-in card connect to one of these PIRQ signals. Some PCI interrupt sources are electrically tied together on the Desktop Board D848PMB and therefore share the same interrupt. a third interrupt on add-in cards is classified as INTC and a fourth interrupt is classified as INTD. The add-in card in PCI bus connector 3 now shares an interrupt with the onboard interrupt source. For example. 48 . The ICH5 has eight Programmable Interrupt Request (PIRQ) input signals. Use the following information to avoid sharing an interrupt with a PCI add-in card. all add-in cards that require only one interrupt are in this category. Table 18 shows an example of how the PIRQ signals are routed. using Table 18 as a reference. assume an add-in card using INTA is plugged into PCI bus connector 3.

5. 10. 6. PCI Interrupt Routing Map ICH5 PIRQ Signal Name PIRQA PIRQB INTB INTB INTB INTA INTC INTD INTD INTC INTD INTA INTB INTC INTA INTA INTB INTB INTA INTC INTD PIRQC PIRQD PIRQE PIRQF PIRQG PIRQH PCI Interrupt Source SMBus controller ICH5 USB UHCI controller 2 AC ’97 ICH5 Audio ICH5 LAN ICH5 USB UHCI controller 3 ICH5 USB UHCI controller 1 INTA ICH5 USB UHCI controller 4 INTA ICH5 USB 2. a device that does not share a PIRQ line will have a unique interrupt. and 15). 49 . the ICH5 can connect each PIRQ line internally to one of the IRQ signals (3.Technical Reference Table 18.0 EHCI controller PCI bus connector 1 PCI bus connector 2 PCI bus connector 3 Serial ATA ✏ NOTE In PIC mode. 11. 14. it is possible for two or more of the PIRQ lines to be connected to the same IRQ signal. Refer to Table 17 for the allocation of PIRQ lines to IRQ signals in APIC mode. 9. Typically. 7. However. 12. in certain interrupt-constrained situations. 4.

A fault in the load presented by the external devices could cause damage to the computer. The connectors can be divided into these groups: • Back panel I/O connectors (see page 51)  PS/2 keyboard and mouse  USB (four ports)  Parallel port  Serial port A  LAN •  Audio (line out. the power cable. 50 . power switch. and the external devices themselves. the Parallel ATA IDE connectors. line in.Intel Desktop Board D848PMB Technical Product Specification 2. and mic in) Internal I/O connectors (see page 52)  Audio (auxiliary line input. and VGA. such as fans and internal peripherals. This section describes the board’s connectors. The other internal connectors are not overcurrent protected and should connect only to devices inside the computer’s chassis. reset switch. and front panel audio)  Fans [three]  Power  Add-in boards (PCI)  Parallel ATA IDE  Diskette drive  SCSI hard drive activity LED (optional)  Chassis intrusion •  Serial ATA External I/O connectors (see page 60)  Front panel USB (two connector for four ports)  Auxiliary front panel power/sleep/message-waiting LED  Front panel (power/sleep/message-waiting LED.8 Connectors CAUTION Only the following connectors have overcurrent protection: Back panel and front panel USB.5 inches above the main power connector. ATAPI CD-ROM. make sure that peripheral devices are installed at least 1. the diskette drive connector. hard drive activity LED. and the DIMM sockets. PS/2. and auxiliary front panel power LED) ✏ NOTE When installing the D848PMB board in a microATX chassis. Do not use these connectors to power devices external to the computer’s chassis.

Poor audio quality occurs if passive (non-amplified) speakers are connected to this output.8. E C A B D Item A B C D E F G H I J Description PS/2 mouse port PS/2 keyboard port USB ports Serial port A Parallel port LAN USB ports Audio line in Mic in Audio front left and right out F H J G Color Green Purple Black Teal Burgundy Black Black Light blue Pink Lime green I OM16422 Figure 10. The figure legend below lists the colors used.Technical Reference 2.1 Back Panel Connectors Figure 10 shows the location of the back panel connectors. Back Panel Connectors ✏ NOTE The back panel audio line out connector is designed to power headphones or amplified speakers only. 51 . The back panel connectors are color-coded in compliance with PC 99 recommendations.

starting with the slot closest to the processor.2. The SMBus is routed to PCI bus connector 2 only (ATX expansion slot 6).2 • Internal I/O Connectors Audio (see page 53)  Auxiliary line in  ATAPI CD-ROM  Front panel audio Power and hardware control (see page 55)  Fans [3]  ATX12V power  Main power  Chassis intrusion Add-in boards and peripheral interfaces (see page 58)  PCI bus  Parallel ATA IDE  Diskette drive  SCSI hard drive activity LED (optional)  Serial ATA The internal I/O connectors are divided into the following functional groups: • • 2. dated October 5th. On this board.Intel Desktop Board D848PMB Technical Product Specification 2.pdf ✏ NOTE This document references back-panel slot numbering with respect to processor location on the board.8. Figure 13 (page 58) illustrates the board’s PCI slot numbering. PCI slots are identified as PCI slot #x. Add-in cards that implement PCI bus connector pins A40 and A41 for any purpose other than SMBCLK (SMBus clock) and SMBDAT (SMBus data) should not be installed in PCI bus connector 2. SMBus signals are routed to PCI bus connector 2 only.pcisig.8.2 compliant local bus slots. The ECN specifies that SMBus signals must be routed to all PCI bus connectors.com/data/specifications/smb_ecn_04 0501. 2000. PCI add-in cards with SMBus support can access sensor data and other information residing on the Desktop Board. 52 .1 Expansion Slots The board has three PCI rev 2. ✏ NOTE The SMBus routing to the PCI bus connectors does not conform to the PCI Engineering Change Notice (ECN) “Addition of the SMBus to the PCI Connector ECN”. For information about Addition of the SMBus to the PCI Connector ECN Refer to http://www.

8. ATAPI style For more information see: Table 19 Table 20 Table 21 Table 22 Figure 11.2. Audio Connectors 53 . A B 1 1 9 1 2 10 4 C D 1 4 OM16423 Item A B C D Description Front panel audio ATAPI CD-ROM S/PDIF (optional) Auxiliary line in.2 Audio Connectors Figure 11 shows the location of the audio connectors.Technical Reference 2.

1 on page 64 for more information.9. Refer to Section 2.Intel Desktop Board D848PMB Technical Product Specification Table 19. Pin 1 3 5 7 9 Front Panel Audio Connector Signal Name Mono Mic in (Stereo Mic 1) Mono Mic Bias (Stereo Mic 2) RIGHT_OUT No connect LEFT_OUT Pin 2 4 6 8 10 Signal Name Ground +5 V Right channel return Key Left channel return # INTEGRATOR’S NOTE The front panel audio connector is alternately used as a jumper block for routing audio signals. Pin 1 2 3 4 Auxiliary Line In Connector Signal Name Left auxiliary line in Ground Ground Right auxiliary line in 54 . Table 20. Pin 1 2 3 4 ATAPI CD-ROM Connector Signal Name Left audio input from CD-ROM CD audio differential ground CD audio differential ground Right audio input from CD-ROM Table 21. Pin 1 2 3 S/PDIF Connector Signal Name +5 V S/PDIF-OUT Ground Table 22.

A B 1 3 1 2 3 4 1 3 20 1 1 3 11 1 FE Item A B C D E F Description Rear chassis fan +12 V power connector (ATX12V) Processor fan Main power Front chassis fan Chassis intrusion D C OM16424 For more information see: Table 23 Table 24 Table 25 Table 26 Table 27 Table 28 Figure 12.8.3 Power and Hardware Control Connectors Figure 12 shows the location of the power and hardware control connectors. Power and Hardware Control Connectors Table 23. Pin 1 2 3 Rear Chassis Fan Connector Signal Name Control +12 V REAR_TACH_OUT 55 .2.Technical Reference 2.

ATX12V. or TFX12V-compliant power supplies with the Desktop Board D848PMB.3 V Ground +5 V Ground +5 V Ground PWRGD (Power Good) +5 V (Standby) +12 V Pin 11 12 13 14 15 16 17 18 19 20 Signal Name +3.3 V -12 V Ground PS-ON# (power supply remote on/off) Ground Ground Ground No connect +5 V +5 V 56 . Always connect the 20-pin and 4-pin leads of ATX12V. otherwise the board will not boot. Pin 1 2 3 Processor Fan Connector Signal Name Control (optional) +12 V CPU_FAN_TACH Table 26. Pin 1 3 Table 25. and TFX12V power supplies have an additional power lead that provides required supplemental power for the processor. SFX12V.Intel Desktop Board D848PMB Technical Product Specification # INTEGRATOR’S NOTES • Use only ATX12V-. The board will not boot with a standard ATX power supply. and TFX12V power supplies to the corresponding connectors on the desktop board. ATX12V Power Connector Signal Name Ground +12 V Pin 2 4 Signal Name Ground +12 V • Table 24. SFX12V.3 V +3. Do not use a standard ATX power supply. Pin 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 Main Power Connector Signal Name +3. SFX12V-.

Technical Reference Table 27. Pin 1 2 Chassis Intrusion Connector Signal Name Intruder Ground 57 . Pin 1 2 3 Front Chassis Fan Connector Signal Name Control +12 V Tach Table 28.

Note the following considerations for the PCI bus connectors: • • All of the PCI bus connectors are bus master capable. SMBus signals are routed to PCI bus connector 2. D848PMB Add-in Board and Peripheral Interface Connectors 58 .Intel Desktop Board D848PMB Technical Product Specification 2. The specific SMBus signals are as follows:  The SMBus clock line is connected to pin A40. This enables PCI bus add-in boards with SMBus support to access sensor data on the Desktop Board.8.4 Add-in Board and Peripheral Interface Connectors Figure 13 shows the location of the add-in board connector and peripheral connectors for the Desktop Board D848PMB.2.  The SMBus data line is connected to pin A41. A B C D 40 1 2 1 39 2 34 1 39 1 33 J Item A B C D E Description I H G Item F G H I J F E OM16425 Description Diskette drive Primary Parallel ATA IDE [black] Secondary Parallel ATA IDE [white] Serial ATA connector 1 Serial ATA connector 0 PCI bus connector 3 PCI bus connector 2 PCI bus connector 1 AGP connector SCSI hard drive activity LED (optional) Figure 13.

Pin 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 Serial ATA Connectors Signal Name Ground TXP TXN Ground RXN RXP Ground 59 . Pin 1 2 SCSI Hard Drive Activity LED Connector (Optional) Signal Name SCSI_ACT# No connect Table 30.Technical Reference Table 29.

3 External I/O Connectors Figure 14 shows the locations of the external I/O connectors.8.Intel Desktop Board D848PMB Technical Product Specification 2. 1 D 2 10 1 C 2 1 2 10 1 3 9 BA OM16426 Item A B C D Description Auxiliary front panel power/sleep/message-waiting LED Front panel Front panel USB Front panel USB Color Black White Black Black For more information see: Table 31 Table 32 Figure 16 Figure 16 Figure 14. External I/O Connectors 60 .

3. Connection Diagram for Front Panel Connector 61 .2 Front Panel Connector This section describes the functions of the front panel connector. Pin 1 3 Front Panel Connector In/Out Out Out Description Hard disk LED pull-up (750 Ω) to +5 V Hard disk active LED Pin 2 4 Signal HDR_BLNK_ GRN HDR_BLNK_ YEL In/Out Power LED Out Out Front panel green LED Front panel yellow LED Description Hard Drive Activity LED Signal HD_PWR HAD# Reset Switch 5 7 Ground FP_RESET# In Power 9 +5 V Power 10 N/C Ground Reset switch 6 8 FPBUT_IN Ground On/Off Switch In Power switch Ground Not Connected Not connected Hard Drive Activity LED   Reset Switch Single-colored Power LED Dual-colored Power LED 1 3 5 7 2 4 6 8   Power Switch   +5 V DC 9 N/C OM16110 Figure 15. Table 32.3. Figure 15 is a connection diagram for the front panel connector. Pin 1 2 3 Auxiliary Front Panel Power/Sleep/Message-Waiting LED Connector Signal Name HDR_BLNK_GRN Not connected HDR_BLNK_YEL Out Front panel yellow LED In/Out Out Description Front panel green LED 2. Table 31.8.8. Table 32 lists the signal names of the front panel connector.Technical Reference 2.1 Auxiliary Front Panel Power/Sleep/Message-Waiting LED Connector Pins 1 and 3 of this connector duplicate the signals on pins 2 and 4 of the front panel connector.

Proper LED function requires one of the following: • • 2. LED State Off Steady Green Blinking Green States for a One-Color Power LED Description Power off/sleeping Running Running/message waiting Table 34.Intel Desktop Board D848PMB Technical Product Specification 2.4 Power Switch Connector Pins 6 and 8 can be connected to a front panel momentary-contact power switch.2 A Serial ATA hard drive connected to an onboard Serial ATA connector A Parallel ATA IDE hard drive connected to an onboard Parallel ATA IDE connector Reset Switch Connector Pins 5 and 7 can be connected to a momentary single pole.8. Table 34 shows the possible states for a two-color LED. Table 33. (The time requirement is due to internal debounce circuitry on the board.2.) At least two seconds must pass before the power supply will recognize another on/off signal. When the switch is closed. 62 .2. 2.8.8.8.3. ACPI must be enabled in the operating system and a message-capturing application must be invoked. 2.2.3.3.3 Power/Sleep/Message Waiting LED Connector Pins 2 and 4 can be connected to a one. LED State Off States for a Two-Color Power LED Description Power off Running Running/message waiting Sleeping Sleeping/message waiting Steady Green Blinking Green Steady Yellow Blinking Yellow ✏ NOTE To use the message waiting function. The switch must pull the SW_ON# pin to ground for at least 50 ms to signal the power supply to switch on or off. single throw (SPST) type switch that is normally open. Table 33 shows the possible states for a one-color LED. the board resets and runs the POST.2.3.or two-color LED.1 Hard Drive Activity LED Connector Pins 1 and 3 can be connected to an LED to provide a visual indicator that data is being read from or written to a hard drive.

4.0 specification for highspeed USB devices. and 8 comprise one USB port. Use only a front panel USB connector that conforms to the USB 2.3. # INTEGRATOR’S NOTES • • • • The +5 V DC power on the USB connector is fused. and 7 comprise one USB port. Connection Diagram for Front Panel USB Connectors 63 .Technical Reference 2. Pins 1.8. Power (+5 V DC) One USB Port 1 2 Power (+5 V DC) D− D+ Ground No Connect OM15963 D− D+ Ground Key (no pin) 3 5 7 4 6 8 One USB Port 10 Figure 16. Pins 2. 5. 3. 6.3 Front Panel USB Connectors Figure 16 is a connection diagram for the front panel USB connectors.

This connector has two functions: 64 .Intel Desktop Board D848PMB Technical Product Specification 2. Always turn off the power and unplug the power cord from the computer before changing a jumper setting. A 1 9 2 10 J8A1 B 1 3 J8H3 OM16427 Item A B Description Front panel audio connector/jumper block BIOS Setup configuration jumper block Reference Designator J8A1 J8H3 Figure 17. the Desktop Board could be damaged. Otherwise. With jumpers removed.9. Location of the Jumper Blocks 2.1 • • Front Panel Audio Connector/Jumper Block With jumpers installed.9 Jumper Blocks CAUTION Do not move any jumpers with the power on. the audio line out signals are routed to the back panel audio line out connector. Figure 17 shows the location of the jumper blocks. the connector provides audio line out and mic in signals for front panel audio connectors.

CAUTION Do not place jumpers on this block in any configuration other than the one described in Table 35. Normal 1-2 Configure 2-3 Recovery None 1 3 1 3 1 3 BIOS Setup Configuration Jumper Settings Jumper Setting Configuration The BIOS uses current configuration information and passwords for booting. The back panel audio line out connector is shown in Figure 10 on page 51. When the jumper is set to configure mode and the computer is powered-up. Table 35. Table 36 describes the jumper settings for the three modes: normal. Other jumper configurations are not supported and could damage the Desktop Board. and recovery.Technical Reference Table 35 describes the two configurations of this connector/jumper block. A recovery diskette is required. configure.9. the back panel audio line out and mic in connectors are disabled. Configuration Audio line out signals are routed to the back panel audio line out connector. The BIOS attempts to recover the BIOS configuration. Front Panel Audio Connector/Jumper Block 1 and 2 5 and 6 9 and 10 Table 19 on page 54 lists the names of the signals available on this connector when no jumpers are installed. After the POST runs. the BIOS compares the processor version and the microcode version in the BIOS and reports if the two match.2 BIOS Setup Configuration Jumper Block The 3-pin jumper block determines the BIOS Setup program’s mode. Function/Mode 65 . The maintenance menu is displayed. Setup runs automatically. 2. Jumper Setting 1 3 5 7 9 10 2 4 6 1 3 5 7 9 2 4 6 No jumpers installed 10 # INTEGRATOR’S NOTE When the jumpers are removed and this connector is used for front panel audio. Table 36.

600 [66. Figure 18 illustrates the mechanical form factor for the Desktop Board D848PMB.100 [154.83] OM16428 Figure 18. ✏ NOTE When installing the Desktop Board in a microATX chassis.5 inches above the main power connector.4).200 [157.10] 6. Location of the I/O connectors and mounting holes are in compliance with the ATX specification (see Section 1.94] 5.200 [132.000 [50.800 [45.00 2. and the DIMM sockets.84 millimeters by 215.10 Mechanical Considerations The Desktop Board D848PMB is designed to fit into either a microATX or an ATX-form-factor chassis. Desktop Board D848PMB Dimensions 66 .01] 2.72] 6. and the Parallel ATA IDE connector. The outer dimensions are 9.08] 0.90 millimeters].50 inches [243. make sure that peripheral devices are installed at least 1.Intel Desktop Board D848PMB Technical Product Specification 2.00 6.48] 6.60 inches by 8.8] 3. 1.500 [165.450 [163.04] 0. Dimensions are given in inches [millimeters].150 [80. the diskette drive connector.

567 [14.120] 0.390 Ref [162.567 [14.079 [52.330 [8.063±0.00 0.770] Pictorial View OM12352 Figure 19.1 I/O Shield The back panel I/O shield for the Desktop Board D848PMB must meet specific dimension and material requirements. I/O Shield Dimensions 67 .5 MIN 0.190] 0. The figure also indicates the position of each cutout.005 [1. Dimensions are given in inches to a tolerance of ±0.254] 0.465 [11.450] 0. Additional design considerations for I/O shields relative to chassis requirements are described in the ATX specification. [1.10.690] 1.807 [45.400] 0.89 Ref 0.811] 0.00 3x Dia 0.584] 1.250] 5. See Section 1.300] 0.621 [15.519 [13. An I/O shield compliant with the ATX chassis specification 2.276 [7.600±0.010 [127.02 inches.884 [22.732 [145. Figure 19 shows the I/O shield.447 [11.4 for information about the ATX specification.Technical Reference 2.380] 8X R0.892] 0.027 [0.012] 0. Systems based on this Desktop Board need the back panel I/O shield to pass certification testing. ✏ NOTE The I/O shield drawings in this document are for reference only.360] 0. 6.345] 1.039 Dia.811] 0.000] 0.465 [11.787±0.010 TYP [20±0.195 [30.03 is available from Intel.400] 2.804] 5.

The analysis does not include PCI add-in cards.6 A Fan Connector Processor fan Front chassis fan Rear chassis fan 68 . Fan Connector Current Capability Maximum Available Current 1. memory.1 DC Loading Table 37 lists the DC loading characteristics of the board. Table 38 lists the current capability of the fan connectors.6 A 0. not to a chassis fan connector. This data is based on a DC analysis of all active components within the board that impact its power delivery subsystems. 2.3 V 5. such as PCI. The total +5 V current draw for add-in boards for a fully loaded Desktop Board D848PMB (all four expansion slots filled) must not exceed 8 A. and USB ports.11. Use the datasheets for add-in cards.00 W 286.Intel Desktop Board D848PMB Technical Product Specification 2. These calculations are not based on specific processor values or memory configurations but are based on the minimum and maximum current draw possible from the board’s power delivery subsystems to the processor. The selection of a power supply at the system level is dependent on the system’s usage model and not necessarily tied to a particular processor speed.11 Electrical Considerations 2.0 A 0.00 A 11.00 A +12 V 9.2 Add-in Board Considerations The Desktop Board D848PMB is designed to provide 2 A (average) of +5 V current for each addin board. Table 38. Maximum values assume a load placed on the board that is similar to a heavy gaming environment with a 500 mA current draw per USB port. Minimum values assume a light load placed on the board that is similar to an environment with no applications running and no USB current draw.11.00 A +5 V 11.03 A 0.00 W +3.10 A +5 VSB 0.00 A -12 V 0. Mode Minimum loading Maximum loading DC Loading Characteristics DC Current at: DC Power 190. Table 37.00 A 15.40 A 2.00 A 13.11.60 A 1. to determine the overall system power requirements. Connecting the processor fan to a chassis fan connector may result in onboard component damage that will halt fan operation.3 Fan Connector Current Capability CAUTION The processor fan must be connected to the processor fan connector.

For a list of chassis that have been tested with Intel desktop boards please refer to the following website: http://developer.1.12 Thermal Considerations CAUTION The use of an Intel Pentium 4 processor operating above 2.2.1.11.2.Technical Reference 2.2) • All timing parameters (Section 4. The power supply must comply with the following recommendations found in the indicated sections of the ATX form factor specification.4.80 GHz Failure to ensure appropriate airflow may result in reduced performance of both the processor and/or voltage regulator or.4 Power Supply Considerations CAUTION The +5 V standby line for the power supply must be capable of providing adequate +5 V standby current.2) • The current capability of the +5 VSB line (Section 4.intel. 69 . The total amount of standby current required depends on the wake devices supported and manufacturing options.3 VDC and +5 VDC power rails (Section 4.3) • All voltage tolerances (Section 4. Failure to do so can damage the power supply.80 GHz with this Intel desktop board requires the following: • • A chassis with appropriate airflow to ensure proper cooling of the components on the board A processor fan heatsink that meets the thermal performance targets for Pentium 4 processors operating above 2. Intel makes no warranties or representations that merely following the instructions presented in this document will result in a system with adequate thermal performance. • The potential relation between 3. damage to the desktop board.2.htm All responsibility for determining the adequacy of any thermal or system design remains solely with the reader. page 17 2. System integrators should refer to the power usage values listed in Table 37 when selecting a power supply for use with the board.com/design/motherbd/cooling.2) For information about The ATX form factor specification Refer to Section 1. Additional power required will depend on configurations chosen by the integrator. in some instances.

14. For information about the maximum operating temperature. A B C D OM16429 Item A B C D Description Processor voltage regulator area Processor Intel 82848P MCH Intel 82801EB ICH5 Figure 20. see the environmental specifications in Section 2. The processor voltage regulator area o (item A in Figure 20) can reach a temperature of up to 85 C in an open chassis. Localized High Temperature Zones 70 . Failure to do so may result in damage to the voltage regulator circuit. CAUTION Ensure that proper airflow is maintained in the processor voltage regulator circuit.Intel Desktop Board D848PMB Technical Product Specification CAUTION Ensure that the ambient temperature does not exceed the Desktop Board’s maximum operating temperature. Figure 20 shows the locations of the localized high temperature zones. Failure to do so could cause components to exceed their maximum case temperature and malfunction.

see processor datasheets and processor specification updates 99 C (under bias) 115 C (under bias) o o Component Intel Pentium 4 processor Intel 82848P MCH Intel 82801EB ICH5 For information about Intel Pentium 4 processor datasheets and specification updates Refer to Section 1. Table 39. The operating temperature. Maximum case temperatures are important when considering proper airflow to cool the Desktop Board D848PMB. Thermal Considerations for Components Maximum Case Temperature For processor case temperature. or operating frequency could affect case temperatures. page 16 71 . current load.2.Technical Reference Table 39 provides maximum case temperatures for the Desktop Board D848PMB components that are sensitive to thermal changes.

The calculation is based on the Bellcore Reliability Prediction Procedure. Issue 4.68 hours. Parameter Temperature Non-Operating Operating Shock Unpackaged Packaged 50 g trapezoidal waveform Velocity change of 170 inches/second Half sine 2 millisecond Product Weight (pounds) <20 21-40 41-80 81-100 Vibration Unpackaged Packaged 5 Hz to 20 Hz: 0. September 1991.02 g² Hz (flat) 10 Hz to 40 Hz: 0. The Desktop Board D848PMB MTBF is 149979.00015 g² Hz Free Fall (inches) 36 30 24 18 Velocity Change (inches/sec) 167 152 136 118 -40 °C to +70 °C 0 °C to +55 °C Desktop Board D848PMB Environmental Specifications Specification 72 .13 Reliability The Mean Time Between Failures (MTBF) prediction is calculated using component and subassembly random failure rates. The MTBF data is calculated from predicted data at 55 ºC. Table 40. TR-NWT-000332.Intel Desktop Board D848PMB Technical Product Specification 2.015 g² Hz (flat) 40 Hz to 500 Hz: 0.015 g² Hz sloping down to 0. The MTBF prediction is used to estimate repair rates and spare parts requirements.14 Environmental Table 40 lists the environmental specifications for the Desktop Board D848PMB.01 g² Hz sloping up to 0.02 g² Hz 20 Hz to 500 Hz: 0. 2.

15 Regulatory Compliance This section describes the Desktop Boards’ compliance with U. 3 Edition. (International) 2. (USA) Interference-Causing Equipment Standard.15. Table 42. 60950-00 EN 60950:2000 IEC 60950. (Canada) Limits and methods of measurement of Radio Interference Characteristics of Information Technology Equipment. (European Union) Information Technology Equipment – Immunity Characteristics Limits and methods of measurement. 2000/CSA C22.1 Safety Regulations Table 41 lists the safety regulations the Desktop Board D848PMB complies with when correctly installed in a compatible host system.Technical Reference 2. (Australia and New Zealand) Limits and methods of measurement of Radio Disturbance Characteristics of Information Technology Equipment. 1999 rd Safety Regulations Title Bi-National Standard for Safety of Information Technology Equipment including Electrical Business Equipment. (European Union) Australian Communications Authority. Standard for Electromagnetic Compatibility.S. Table 41. Digital Apparatus. (International) EN55024: 1998 AS/NZS 3548 (Class B) CISPR 22. Parts 2 and 15.2 EMC Regulations Table 42 lists the EMC regulations the Desktop Board D848PMB complies with when correctly installed in a compatible host system. Radio Frequency Devices.. 2. (USA and Canada) The Standard for Safety of Information Technology Equipment including Electrical Business Equipment. Subpart B. 3 Edition (Class B) CISPR 24: 1997 rd 73 .15. Regulation UL 60950 3rd ed. and international safety and electromagnetic compatibility (EMC) regulations.2 No. (European Union) The Standard for Safety of Information Technology Equipment including Electrical Business Equipment. (International) Information Technology Equipment – Immunity Characteristics – Limits and Methods of Measurements. Regulation FCC (Class B) ICES-003 (Class B) EN55022: 1998 (Class B) EMC Regulations Title Title 47 of the Code of Federal Regulations.

This equipment has been tested and found to comply with the limits for a Class B digital device.2. Consult the dealer or an experienced radio/TV technician for help. Operation is subject to the following two conditions: (1) This device may not cause harmful interference. This product follows the provisions of the European Directives 89/336/EEC and 73/23/EEC. which can be determined by turning the equipment off and on.Intel Desktop Board D848PMB Technical Product Specification 2.15. and (2) this device must accept any interference received. the user is encouraged to try to correct the interference by one or more of the following measures: • • • • Reorient or relocate the receiving antenna. 74 .15. This equipment generates. Cet appereil numérique de la classe B est conforme à la norme NMB-003 du Canada. Increase the separation between the equipment and the receiver.2. may cause harmful interference to radio communications. and can radiate radio frequency energy and. there is no guarantee that interference will not occur in a particular installation. declare under our sole responsibility that the product: Intel® Desktop Board D848PMB is in conformity with all applicable essential requirements necessary for CE marking. pursuant to Part 15 of the FCC Rules. following the provisions of the European Council Directive 89/336/EEC (EMC Directive) and Council Directive 73/23/EEC (Safety/Low Voltage Directive). 2. including interference that may cause undesired operation. Any changes or modifications to the equipment not expressly approved by Intel Corporation could void the user’s authority to operate the equipment. These limits are designed to provide reasonable protection against harmful interference in a residential environment.15. 2. If this equipment does cause harmful interference to radio or television reception. Connect the equipment to a different electrical branch circuit from that to which the receiver is connected.3 European Union Declaration of Conformity Statement We.1 FCC Compliance Statement (USA) Product Type: D848PMB Desktop Board This device complies with Part 15 of the FCC Rules. However. uses. The product is properly CE marked demonstrating this conformity and is for distribution within all member states of the EU with no restrictions. if not installed and used in accordance with the instructions.2 Canadian Compliance Statement This Class B digital apparatus complies with Canadian ICES-003. Intel Corporation.

CE mark. Includes adjacent Intel supplier code number. circuit boards. The CE mark should also be on the shipping container.eiae. etc.4 Product Ecology Statements The following information is provided to address worldwide product ecology concerns and regulations.1 Disposal Considerations This product contains the following materials that may be regulated upon disposal: lead solder on the printed wiring board assembly.) whenever possible.15.org/ In the absence of a viable recycling option.g.5 Product Certification Markings (Board Level) Product Certification Markings Marking Table 43 lists the board’s product certification markings. batteries.15. plastic enclosures. 2.4. Table 43. products and their components must be disposed of in accordance with all applicable local environmental regulations.2 Recycling Considerations Intel encourages its customers to recycle its products and their components (e.. includes Intel name and D848PMB model designation (component side). Includes adjacent UL file number for Intel Desktop Boards: E210882 (component side).4. along with a flammability rating (solder side). Australian Communications Authority (ACA) C-Tick mark.. 2. a list of recyclers in your area can be found at: http://www. N-232. Printed wiring board manufacturer’s recognition mark: consists of a unique UL recognized manufacturer’s logo.15. FCC Declaration of Conformity logo mark for Class B equipment. In the U. 94V-0 75 .S.15. 2. The C-tick mark should also be on the shipping container. Description UL joint US/Canada Recognized Component mark.Technical Reference 2. Declares compliance to European Union (EU) EMC directive (89/336/EEC) and Low Voltage directive (73/23/EEC) (component side).

Intel Desktop Board D848PMB Technical Product Specification 76 .

......................................................83 BIOS Security Features..................2 3....................................................80 Recovering BIOS Data ...................................................................................84 3........................................... and Plug and Play support..................................3 Overview of BIOS Features What This Chapter Contains 3..........................4......................77 BIOS Flash Memory Organization ............6 3.....................................77 Resource Configuration .....78 System Management BIOS (SMBIOS) ........79 Legacy USB Support ... 77 ............. the BIOS compares the CPU version and the microcode version in the BIOS and reports if the two match.3 3.................... When the BIOS Setup configuration jumper is set to configure mode and the computer is poweredup.......................1 3.. POST.........................2 BIOS Flash Memory Organization The Firmware Hub (FWH) includes a 4 Mbit (512 KB) symmetrical flash memory device.......... The BIOS displays a message during POST identifying the type of BIOS and a revision code...............7 3...................10 Introduction...............................4 3.................... The initial production BIOSs are identified as RC86510A............ page 17 3. the PCI auto-configuration utility..........................................86A.5 3......................................81 Boot Options............................................... The FWH contains the BIOS Setup program...............................................................................................................9 3............8 3..................1 Introduction The Desktop Board D848PMB use an Intel/AMI BIOS that is stored in the Firmware Hub (FWH) and can be updated using a disk-based program..................79 BIOS Updates .....................................82 Fast Booting Systems with Intel® Rapid BIOS Boot ........ For information about The Desktop Boards’ compliance level with Plug and Play Refer to Section 1...................

The IDE interface supports hard drives up to ATA-66/100 and recognizes any ATAPI compliant devices. page 17 3. Autoconfiguration lets a user insert or remove PCI cards without having to configure the system. including CD-ROM drives. the I/O space. To take advantage of the high capacities typically available today. the BIOS automatically sets up the two PCI IDE connectors with independent I/O channel support. You can override the auto-configuration options by specifying manual configuration in the BIOS Setup program. hard drives are automatically configured for Logical Block Addressing (LBA) and to PIO Mode 3 or 4.4 for the supported version of ATAPI). 78 . To use ATA-66/100 features the following items are required: • • • An ATA-66/100 peripheral device An ATA-66/100 compatible cable ATA-66/100 operating system device drivers ✏ NOTE Do not connect an ATA device as a slave on the same IDE cable as an ATAPI master device.4. the BIOS automatically configures interrupts.3. When a user turns on the system after adding a PCI card. tape drives. and other system resources. For information about The versions of PCI and Plug and Play supported by the BIOS Refer to Section 1.1 PCI Autoconfiguration The BIOS can automatically configure PCI devices. and Ultra DMA drives (see Section 1. For example. PCI devices may be onboard or add-in cards.3. depending on the capability of the drive. do not connect an ATA hard drive as a slave to an ATAPI CD-ROM drive.Intel Desktop Board D848PMB Technical Product Specification 3.2 PCI IDE Support If you select Auto in the BIOS Setup program. Any interrupts set to Available in Setup are considered to be available for use by the add-in card. The BIOS determines the capabilities of each drive and configures them to optimize capacity and performance.3 Resource Configuration 3.

Overview of BIOS Features 3. The BIOS stores and reports the following SMBIOS information: • • • • BIOS data.4. mice. (Keyboards and mice are not recognized during this period if Legacy USB support was set to Disabled in the BIOS Setup program. After the operating system loads the USB drivers. require an additional interface for obtaining the SMBIOS information. operational status. page 17 3. Legacy USB support is enabled by the BIOS allowing you to use a USB keyboard to enter and configure the BIOS Setup program and the maintenance menu. serial numbers. such as Windows NT*. such as event detection and error logging Non-Plug and Play operating systems. 2. 3. such as the BIOS revision level Fixed-system data. 4. Legacy USB support operates as follows: 1. For information about The Desktop Boards’ compliance level with SMBIOS Refer to Section 1.4 System Management BIOS (SMBIOS) SMBIOS is a Desktop Management Interface (DMI) compliant method for managing computers in a managed network.5 Legacy USB Support Legacy USB support enables USB devices such as keyboards. and processor speed Dynamic data. 5. and hubs to be used even when the operating system’s USB drivers are not yet available. Using this support. such as memory size.) 6. Legacy USB support is set to Enabled. POST begins. capabilities. The operating system loads. a system administrator can obtain the system types. The BIOS supports an SMBIOS table interface for such operating systems. such as peripherals. which contains information about the computing system and its components. all legacy and non-legacy USB devices are recognized by the operating system. Legacy USB support is used to access the BIOS Setup program. The MIF database defines the data and provides the method for accessing this information. By default. and Legacy USB support from the BIOS is no longer used. Using SMBIOS. POST completes. The BIOS enables applications such as third-party management software to use SMBIOS. and installation dates for system components. 79 . When you apply power to the computer. While the operating system is loading. and to install an operating system that supports USB. legacy support is disabled. USB keyboards and mice are recognized and may be used to configure the operating system. an SMBIOS service-level application running on a non-Plug and Play operating system can obtain the SMBIOS information. and asset tags Resource data. The main component of SMBIOS is the Management Information Format (MIF) database. cache size.

Intel® Flash Memory Update Utility. which is present unless another language is selected in the BIOS Setup program.6. which enables automated updating while in the Windows environment. Both utilities support the following BIOS maintenance functions: • • • • • • ✏ NOTE Review the instructions distributed with the upgrade utility before attempting a BIOS update.44 MB diskette. Updating replaceable BIOS modules. which requires creation of a boot diskette and manual rebooting of the system. Updating both the BIOS boot block and the main BIOS. The default language is US English. or a CD-ROM. Using this utility. Verifying that the updated BIOS matches the target system to prevent accidentally installing an incompatible BIOS. ✏ NOTE Legacy USB support is for keyboards. a 1. and Spanish. page 16 3. Italian. German. This process is fault tolerant to prevent boot block corruption. which are available on the Intel World Wide Web site: • • Intel® Express BIOS Update utility.1 Language Support The BIOS Setup program and help messages are supported in five languages: US English. Other USB devices are not supported in legacy mode. 3. For information about The Intel World Wide Web site Refer to Section 1. the BIOS can be updated from a file on a hard disk. 80 . such as the video BIOS module.6 BIOS Updates The BIOS can be updated using either of the following utilities. French. Inserting a custom splash screen. Using this utility. Changing the language section of the BIOS. the BIOS can be updated from a file on a 1. verify that Legacy USB support in the BIOS Setup program is set to Enabled and follow the operating system’s installation instructions.Intel Desktop Board D848PMB Technical Product Specification To install an operating system that supports USB.44 MB diskette (from a legacy diskette drive or an LS-120 diskette drive) or a CD-ROM. or from the file location on the Web. Updating the BIOS boot block separately. and hubs only.2. mice.

2. BIOS upgrades and the Intel Flash Memory Update Utility are available from Intel Customer Support through the Intel World Wide Web site. the data can be lost if a power outage occurs while the BIOS is being updated in flash memory.44 MB diskette not a 120 MB diskette. there is no video support. page 16 81 . The BIOS can be recovered from a diskette using the BIOS recovery mode. For information about The Intel World Wide Web site Refer to Section 1. To create a BIOS recovery diskette. the BIOS recovery diskette must be a standard 1. a bootable diskette must be created and the BIOS update files copied to it. ✏ NOTE If you add a custom splash screen.2.Overview of BIOS Features 3. The recovery process may take several minutes. page 108 Section 1.6. You can only monitor this procedure by listening to the speaker or looking at the diskette drive LED.2 Custom Splash Screen During POST. page 16 3. A series of continuous beeps indicates a failed BIOS recovery. For example.7 Recovering BIOS Data Some types of failure can destroy the BIOS. be aware of the following: • • • • Because of the small amount of code available in the non-erasable boot block area. larger BIOS flash memory devices require more time. an Intel® splash screen is displayed by default. it will share space with the Intel branded logo.9. This splash screen can be augmented with a custom splash screen. Information about this capability is available on the Intel Support World Wide Web site. ✏ NOTE Even if the computer is configured to boot from an LS-120 diskette (in the Setup program’s Removable Devices submenu). For information about The BIOS recovery mode jumper settings The Boot menu in the BIOS Setup program Contacting Intel customer support Refer to Section 2. Two beeps and the end of activity in the diskette drive indicate successful BIOS recovery.7. The custom splash screen can be programmed into the flash memory using the BIOS upgrade utility. When recovering the BIOS. A utility is available from Intel to assist with creating a custom splash screen.2. page 65 Section 4.

the system will attempt to boot from the next defined drive. ATAPI CD-ROM is listed as a boot device. saves changes. This menu displays the list of available boot devices (as set in the BIOS setup program’s Boot Device Priority Submenu). The fourth device is disabled. page 17 3.8.3 • • • Booting Without Attached Devices For use in embedded applications. Accordingly. the User Access Level in the BIOS Setup program’s Security menu must be set to Full. and boots from the selected device Exits the menu without saving changes Boot Device Menu Function Keys 82 . To use this key during POST. Under the Boot menu in the BIOS Setup program.4. 3. For information about The El Torito specification Refer to Section 1.8. Pressing the <F12> key during POST automatically forces booting from the LAN. and the ATAPI CD-ROM third. page 106 3. For information about The BIOS Setup program’s Security menu Refer to Table 64. Boot devices are defined in priority order. This selection allows booting from the onboard LAN or a network add-in card with a remote boot ROM installed. CD-ROM. Table 44. or the network.8 Boot Options In the BIOS Setup program.2 Network Boot The network can be selected as a boot device. the BIOS has been designed so that after passing the POST.1 CD-ROM Boot Booting from CD-ROM is supported in compliance to the El Torito bootable CD-ROM format specification. The default setting is for the diskette drive to be the first boot device.Intel Desktop Board D848PMB Technical Product Specification 3.8.4 Changing the Default Boot Device During POST Pressing the <F10> key during POST causes a boot device menu to be displayed. the user can choose to boot from a diskette drive. <↑> or <↓> <Enter> <Esc> Boot Device Menu Options Description Selects a default boot device Exits the menu. hard drives. the operating system loader is invoked even if the following devices are not present: Video adapter Keyboard Mouse 3. the hard drive second.8. Table 44 lists the boot device menu options. if there is not a bootable CD in the CD-ROM drive.

9. such as logo displays. These features may add time to the boot process.9.2 Intel Rapid BIOS Boot Use of the following BIOS Setup program settings reduces the POST execution time. page 94 83 . Select a CD-ROM drive with a fast initialization rate. which eliminates display of the logo splash screen. In the Peripheral Configuration submenu. Enable Intel Rapid BIOS Boot. Disable Quiet Boot. As a result. This boot time may be so fast that some drives might be not be initialized at all. or mode changes in POST. screen repaints. such as the Intel Rapid® BIOS 3. Try different monitors. that minimize hard drive startup delays. it is possible to introduce a programmable delay ranging from three to 30 seconds (using the Hard Disk Pre-Delay feature of the Advanced Menu in the Drive Configuration Submenu of the BIOS Setup program). This could save several seconds of painting complex graphic images and changing video modes. In the Boot Menu: • • • Set the hard disk drive as the first boot device.4.4. This rate can influence POST execution time. the POST does not first seek a diskette drive.9 Fast Booting Systems with Intel® Rapid BIOS Boot These factors affect system boot speed: • • Selecting and configuring peripherals properly Using an optimized BIOS. Monitors and hard disk drives with minimum initialization times can also contribute to a boot time that might be so fast that necessary logo screens and POST messages cannot be seen. For information about Drive Configuration Submenu in the BIOS Setup program Refer to Section 4. Eliminate unnecessary add-in adapter features. This can reduce up to four seconds of option ROM boot time. disable the LAN device if it will not be used. This feature bypasses memory count and the search for a diskette drive. ✏ NOTE It is possible to optimize the boot process to the point where the system boots so quickly that the Intel logo screen (or a custom logo splash screen) will not be seen.Overview of BIOS Features 3. which enables the system to boot more quickly. The following techniques help improve system boot speed: 3. Some monitors initialize and communicate with the BIOS more quickly. If this condition should occur.1 • • • • Peripheral Selection and Configuration Choose a hard drive with parameters such as “power-up to data ready” less than eight seconds. which saves about one second from the POST execution time.

This is the supervisor mode. any user can change all Setup options. For information about Setting user and supervisor passwords Refer to Section 4. the user can enter either password to boot the computer.Intel Desktop Board D848PMB Technical Product Specification 3. If only the supervisor password is set. A supervisor password and a user password can be set for the BIOS Setup program and for booting the computer. the computer boots without asking for a password. If both the supervisor and user passwords are set. use different passwords for the supervisor and user passwords. This is the user mode. Table 45 shows the effects of setting the supervisor password and user password. and 0-9. 84 . Supervisor and User Password Functions User Mode Setup Options Password to Enter Setup None Supervisor Password During Boot None None Supervisor Password Set Mode Neither Supervisor only User only Supervisor and user set Note: Can change all options (Note) Can change all options N/A Can change all options Can change all None options (Note) Can change a limited number of options Supervisor Password Can change all Enter Password options Clear User Password Can change a limited number of options Supervisor Password Enter Password User Supervisor or user User Supervisor or user If no password is set.10 BIOS Security Features The BIOS includes security features that restrict access to the BIOS Setup program and who can boot the computer. Valid password characters are A-Z. If only the supervisor password is set. Users have access to Setup respective to which password is entered. with the following restrictions: • • • • • The supervisor password gives unrestricted access to view and change all the Setup options in the BIOS Setup program. users can enter either the supervisor password or the user password to access Setup.5. Setting the user password restricts who can boot the computer. If both passwords are set. The password prompt will be displayed before the computer is booted. The user password gives restricted access to view and change Setup options in the BIOS Setup program. Table 45. This table is for reference only and is not displayed on the screen. page 106 ✏ NOTES • • For enhanced security. a-z. pressing the <Enter> key at the password prompt of the BIOS Setup program allows the user restricted access to Setup.

.......108 Exit Menu ......... all examples of the BIOS Setup program menu bar include the maintenance menu........4 4...................................................................... The BIOS Setup program is accessed by pressing the <F2> key after the Power-On Self-Test (POST) memory test begins and before the operating system boot begins...............107 Boot Menu .................................................. however........ 85 ...............................................................4 BIOS Setup Program What This Chapter Contains 4.........106 Power Menu ..89 Security Menu .................3 4..5 4......9.................................2 on page 65 tells how to put the Desktop Board in configure mode.................................................... the maintenance menu is displayed only when the Desktop Board is in configure mode.85 Maintenance Menu .............111 4............................................................7 4....................................................................................1 Introduction The BIOS Setup program can be used to view and change the BIOS settings for the computer..................... The menu bar is shown below.................................................................................6 4.............................87 Advanced Menu.................................................1 4......................... BIOS Setup Program Menu Bar Main Displays processor and memory configuration Advanced Configures advanced features available through the chipset Security Sets passwords and security features Power Boot Exit Saves or discards changes to Setup program options Selects boot Configures options power management features and power supply controls Maintenance Clears passwords and displays processor information ✏ NOTE In this chapter................................................ Section 2....8 Introduction...................2 4... Table 46...........................................................................86 Main Menu..................... Maintenance Main Advanced Security Power Boot Exit Table 46 lists the BIOS Setup program menu features............

See Section 2.2 on page 65 for configure mode setting information.9.Intel Desktop Board D848PMB Technical Product Specification Table 47 lists the function keys available for menu screens. Maintenance Main Advanced Security Power Boot Exit The menu shown in Table 48 is for clearing Setup passwords and displaying processor information. Setup only displays this menu in configure mode.2 Maintenance Menu To access this menu. Description Clears the user and supervisor passwords. select Maintenance on the menu bar at the top of the screen. Table 48. BIOS Setup Program Function Keys Description Selects a different menu screen (Moves the cursor left or right) Selects an item (Moves the cursor up or down) Selects a field (Not implemented) Executes command or selects the submenu Load the default configuration values for the current menu Save the current values and exits the BIOS Setup program Exits the menu BIOS Setup Program Function Key <←> or <→> <↑> or <↓> <Tab> <Enter> <F9> <F10> <Esc> 4. Table 47. 86 . Displays CPU’s Microcode Update Revision. Feature Clear All Passwords CPU Stepping Signature CPU Microcode Update Revision Maintenance Menu Options • Ok (default) • Cancel No options No options Displays CPU’s Stepping Signature.

This menu reports processor and memory information and is for configuring the system date and system time. Specifies the current date. Specifies the current time. select Main on the menu bar at the top of the screen. minute. Displays the system memory speed. Displays system. Memory Channel A Slot 0 No options Memory Channel A Slot 1 Additional System Information Language System Time System Date Select to display Additional System Information submenu • English (default) • Francais Hour. Displays the amount and type of RAM in the DIMM sockets. Displays processor speed. desktop board. This option is present only when a processor that supports Hyper-Threading Technology is installed. 87 . Displays the system bus speed. Displays the total amount of RAM. and second Day of week Month/day/year Selects the current default language used by the BIOS. Displays processor type. Displays the memory mode (Dual Channel or Single Channel). Table 49. Disables/enables Hyper-Threading Technology.BIOS Setup Program 4. Feature BIOS Version Processor Type Hyper-Threading Technology Processor Speed System Bus Speed System Memory Speed Cache RAM Total Memory Memory Mode Main Menu Options No options No options • Disabled • Enabled (default) No options No options No options No options No options No options Description Displays the version of the BIOS.3 Main Menu To access this menu. and chassis information. Maintenance Main Advanced Security Power Boot Exit Table 49 describes the Main menu. Displays the size of second-level cache.

and chassis information.3. 88 .1 Additional System Information Submenu Maintenance Main Advanced Security Power Boot Exit Additional System Information Table 50 describes the Additional System Information submenu. 2. This submenu reports system. Feature System Information Manufacturer Product Name Version Serial Number Desktop Board Information Manufacturer Product Name Version Serial Number Chassis Information (Note 2) Manufacturer Version Serial Number Asset Tag Notes: (Note 1) Additional System Information Submenu Options No options No options No options No options No options No options No options No options No options No options No options No options Description Displays system manufacturer’s name Displays system product name Displays system version number Displays system serial number Displays desktop board manufacturer’s name Displays desktop board product name Displays desktop board version number Displays desktop board serial number Displays chassis manufacturer’s name Displays chassis version number Displays chassis serial number Displays chassis asset tag 1. desktop board. The Chassis Information fields will only be visible if the system manufacturer has programmed them. The System Information fields will only be visible if the system manufacturer has programmed them. Table 50.Intel Desktop Board D848PMB Technical Product Specification 4.

Monitors system temperatures.BIOS Setup Program 4. voltages. Fan Control Configuration Select to display submenu Hardware Monitoring Select to display submenu 89 . Configures peripheral ports and devices. and fan speeds. Configures the diskette drive. Configures USB support.4 Advanced Menu To access this menu. Configures Plug and Play and the Numlock key. Feature PCI Configuration Boot Configuration Peripheral Configuration Drive Configuration Floppy Configuration Event Log Configuration Video Configuration USB Configuration Chipset Configuration Advanced Menu Options Select to display submenu Select to display submenu Select to display submenu Select to display submenu Select to display submenu Select to display submenu Select to display submenu Select to display submenu Select to display submenu Description Configures individual PCI slot’s IRQ priority. This menu is used for setting advanced features that are available through the chipset. Maintenance Main Advanced Security Power Boot Exit PCI Configuration Boot Configuration Peripheral Configuration Drive Configuration Floppy Configuration Event Log Configuration Video Configuration USB Configuration Chipset Configuration Fan Control Configuration Hardware Monitoring Table 51 describes the Advanced Menu. Configures video features. and resets configuration data. Table 51. Configures Event Logging. Specifies type of connected IDE devices. Configures fan operation. select Advanced on the menu bar at the top of the screen. Configures advanced chipset features.

PCI Slot2 IRQ Priority (Note) • Auto (default) • 3 • 5 • 9 • 10 • 11 Allows selection of IRQ priority for PCI bus connector 2. Table 52.1 PCI Configuration Submenu Maintenance Main Advanced Security Power Boot Exit To access this submenu.4. PCI Slot3 IRQ Priority (Note) • Auto (default) • 3 • 5 • 9 • 10 • 11 Allows selection of IRQ priority for PCI bus connector 3.Intel Desktop Board D848PMB Technical Product Specification 4. Feature PCI Slot1 IRQ Priority (Note) PCI Configuration Submenu Options • Auto (default) • 3 • 5 • 9 • 10 • 11 Description Allows selection of IRQ priority for PCI bus connector 1. select Advanced on the menu bar and then PCI Configuration. 90 . PCI Configuration Boot Configuration Peripheral Configuration Drive Configuration Floppy Configuration Event Log Configuration Video Configuration USB Configuration Chipset Configuration Fan Control Configuration Hardware Monitoring The submenu shown in Table 52 is used to configure the IRQ priority of PCI slots individually. Note: Additional interrupts may be available if certain onboard devices (such as the serial and parallel ports) are disabled.

4. Specifies the power-on state of the Numlock feature on the numeric keypad of the keyboard. No lets the BIOS configure all devices.2 Boot Configuration Submenu Maintenance Main Advanced Security Power Boot Exit To access this submenu. Table 53. This option is available for use during lab testing. Numlock • Off • On (default) 91 . Yes lets the operating system configure Plug and Play devices not required to boot the system.BIOS Setup Program 4. select Advanced on the menu bar and then Boot Configuration. Feature Plug & Play O/S Boot Configuration Submenu Options • No (default) • Yes Description Specifies if manual configuration is desired. This setting is appropriate when using a Plug and Play operating system. PCI Configuration Boot Configuration Peripheral Configuration Drive Configuration Floppy Configuration Event Log Configuration Video Configuration USB Configuration Chipset Configuration Fan Control Configuration Hardware Monitoring The submenu represented by Table 53 is for setting Plug and Play options and the power-on state of the Numlock key.

if serial port A is set to Enabled.Intel Desktop Board D848PMB Technical Product Specification 4.3 Peripheral Configuration Submenu Maintenance Main Advanced Security Power Boot Exit To access this submenu. An * (asterisk) displayed next to an address indicates a conflict with another device. normally COM1. select Advanced on the menu bar and then Peripheral Configuration. Table 54. Feature Serial Port A Peripheral Configuration Submenu Options • Disabled • Enabled Description Configures serial port A. continued 92 . and the interrupt IRQ4. if serial port A is set to Enabled. Specifies the base I/O address for serial port A. the • Auto (default) address 3F8h. Base I/O address (This feature is present only when Serial Port A is set to Enabled) Interrupt (This feature is present only when Serial Port A is set to Enabled) • 3F8 (default) • 2F8 • 3E8 • 2E8 • IRQ 3 • IRQ 4 (default) Specifies the interrupt for serial port A.4. PCI Configuration Boot Configuration Peripheral Configuration Drive Configuration Floppy Configuration Event Log Configuration Video Configuration USB Configuration Chipset Configuration Fan Control Configuration Hardware Monitoring The submenu represented in Table 54 is used for configuring computer peripherals. Auto assigns the first free COM port.

a high-speed bi-directional mode. • IRQ 5 • IRQ 7 (default) • 1 • 3 (default) Specifies the interrupt for the parallel port. Auto assigns LPT1 the address 378h and the interrupt IRQ7.10. page 33 93 . EPP is Extended Parallel Port mode. • Enabled (default) • Disabled • Enabled (default) • Disabled • Disabled • Enabled (default) Enables or disables the onboard audio subsystem. Onboard LAN Enables or disables the onboard LAN device. Bi-directional operates in PS/2-compatible mode. Not available if the parallel port is disabled. Output Only operates in AT*-compatible mode. a high-speed bi-directional mode. • Auto (default) An * (asterisk) displayed next to an address indicates a conflict with another device. ASF Support Enables or disables Alert Standard Format (ASF) support.BIOS Setup Program Table 54. Specifies the DMA channel. For information about ASF support Refer to Section 1. Feature Parallel port Peripheral Configuration Submenu (continued) Options • Disabled • Enabled Description Configures the parallel port. Base I/O address (This feature is present only when Parallel Port is set to Enabled) Interrupt (This feature is present only when Parallel Port is set to Enabled) DMA (This feature is present only when Parallel Port Mode is set to ECP) Audio • 378 (default) • 278 Specifies the base I/O address for the parallel port. Mode • Output Only • Bi-directional (default) • EPP • ECP Selects the mode for the parallel port.3. ECP is Enhanced Capabilities Port mode.

PATA Sec • SATA P0/P1. PATA Pri Configures PATA and SATA resources for operating systems that require legacy IDE operation. PCI Configuration Boot Configuration Peripheral Configuration Drive Configuration Floppy Configuration Event Log Configuration Video Configuration USB Configuration Chipset Configuration Fan Control Configuration Hardware Monitoring The menu represented in Table 55 is used to configure IDE device options. Enables/disables the use of DMA for hard drive BIOS INT13 reads and writes. Feature ATA/IDE Configuration Drive Configuration Submenu Options • Disabled • Legacy • Enhanced (default) Description Disabled = All IDE resources disabled Legacy = Up to two IDE channels enabled for operating systems that require legacy IDE operation Enhanced = All Serial ATA (SATA) and Parallel ATA (PATA) resources enabled Legacy IDE Channels • PATA Pri Only • PATA Sec Only • PATA Pri and Sec • SATA P0/P1 only • SATA P0/P1. select Advanced on the menu bar and then Drive Configuration. PATA = Parallel ATA SATA = Serial ATA Pri = Primary Sec = Secondary P0 = Serial ATA connector 0 P1 = Serial ATA connector 1 This feature is present only when the ATA/IDE configuration option is set to Legacy. continued PCI IDE Bus Master • Disabled • Enabled (default) 94 .4 Drive Configuration Submenu Maintenance Main Advanced Security Power Boot Exit To access this submenu.Intel Desktop Board D848PMB Technical Product Specification 4. Table 55.4.

95 . Reports type of connected device on Parallel ATA (PATA) IDE primary slave interface. Hard Disk Pre-Delay SATA Port-0 SATA Port-1 PATA Primary Master PATA Primary Slave PATA Secondary Master PATA Secondary Slave Select to display sub-menu Select to display sub-menu Select to display sub-menu Select to display sub-menu Select to display sub-menu Select to display sub-menu Reports type of device attached to Serial ATA connector 0. Reports type of connected device on Parallel ATA (PATA) IDE primary master interface. Reports type of connected device on Parallel ATA (PATA) IDE secondary slave interface. Reports type of device attached to Serial ATA connector 1. Feature Drive Configuration Submenu (continued) Options • Disabled (default) • 1 Second • 2 Seconds • 3 Seconds • 4 Seconds • 5 Seconds • 6 Seconds • 9 Seconds • 12 Seconds • 15 Seconds • 21 Seconds • 30 Seconds Description Specifies the hard disk drive pre-delay. Reports type of connected device on Parallel ATA (PATA) IDE secondary master interface.BIOS Setup Program Table 55.

then Drive Configuration.1 SATA/PATA Submenus To access these submenus. PATA secondary master.Intel Desktop Board D848PMB Technical Product Specification 4. 96 . PATA primary master. only one example is shown. Table 56 on page 97 shows the format of the SATA/PATA IDE submenus.4. Maintenance Main Advanced Security Power Boot Exit PCI Configuration Boot Configuration Peripheral Configuration Drive Configuration SATA Port-0 SATA Port-1 PATA Primary Master PATA Primary Slave PATA Secondary Master PATA Secondary Slave Floppy Configuration Event Log Configuration Video Configuration USB Configuration Chipset Configuration Fan Control Configuration Hardware Monitoring There are six SATA/PATA submenus: SATA Port-0. PATA primary slave. SATA Port-1. For brevity. and PATA secondary slave.4. select Advanced on the menu bar. and then the master or slave to be configured.

(This item is read-only unless Type is set to User. Displays the drive capacity. (Self-Monitoring. User allows capabilities to be changed. • Auto (default) • Disabled • Enabled Enables/disables S.) Displays whether automatic multiple sector data transfers are enabled.A. and Reporting Technology).M.T. Feature SATA/PATA Submenus Options No options • Auto (default) • User Description Displays the type of drive installed.BIOS Setup Program Table 56. Cable Detected No options Note: If an LS-120 drive is attached to the system. Displays whether automatic translation mode is enabled for the hard disk. (This item is read-only unless Type is set to User. (This item is read-only unless Type is set to User.R. The BIOS will always recognize the drive as an ATAPI floppy drive. Auto fills-in capabilities from ATA/ATAPI device. Specifies the IDE configuration mode for IDE devices. Analysis.R. Auto = Auto-detected SWDMAn = Single Word DMAn MWDMAn = Multi Word DMAn UDMAn = Ultra DMAn (This item is read-only unless Type is set to User.) S. (This item is read-only unless Type is set to User. a row entitled ARMD Emulation Type will be displayed in the above table.) Displays the type of cable connected to the IDE interface: 40-conductor or 80-conductor (for ATA-100 peripherals).) Drive Installed Type Maximum Capacity LBA/Large Mode No options • Disabled • Auto (default) Block Mode • Disabled • Auto (default) PIO Mode Auto (default) 0 1 2 3 4 DMA Mode • Auto (default) • SWDMA0 • SWDMA1 • SWDMA2 • MWDMA0 • MWDMA1 • MWDMA2 • UDMA0 • UDMA1 • UDMA2 • UDMA3 • UDMA4 • UDMA5 Specifies the DMA mode for the drive. The ARMD Emulation Type should always be set to Floppy.T. 97 .A.) Sets the PIO mode.M.

Feature Diskette Controller Floppy A Floppy Configuration Submenu Options • Disabled • Enabled (default) • Disabled • 360 KB • 1. Description Disables or enables the integrated diskette controller. PCI Configuration Boot Configuration Peripheral Configuration Drive Configuration Floppy Configuration Event Log Configuration Video Configuration USB Configuration Chipset Configuration Fan Control Configuration Hardware Monitoring The submenu represented by Table 57 is used for configuring the diskette drive.2 MB • 720 KB • 1. Diskette Write Protect • Disabled (default) • Enabled 98 .44 MB • 2. Table 57.88 MB 5¼” 5¼” 3½” 3½” (default) 3½” Disables or enables write protection for the diskette drive.5 Floppy Configuration Submenu Maintenance Main Advanced Security Power Boot Exit To access this menu. select Advanced on the menu bar and then Floppy Configuration.Intel Desktop Board D848PMB Technical Product Specification 4.4. Specifies the capacity and physical size of diskette drive A.

6 Event Log Configuration Submenu Maintenance Main Advanced Security Power Boot Exit To access this menu. Description Indicates if there is space available in the event log. Clears the event log after rebooting. 99 . Table 58.4. Feature Event Log View Event Log Clear Event Log Event Logging Mark Events As Read Event Log Configuration Submenu Options No options [Enter] • Ok (default) • Cancel • Disabled • Enabled (default) • Ok (default) • Cancel Marks all events as read. select Advanced on the menu bar and then Event Log Configuration.BIOS Setup Program 4. Enables/disables logging of DMI events. Displays the event log. PCI Configuration Boot Configuration Peripheral Configuration Drive Configuration Floppy Configuration Event Log Configuration Video Configuration USB Configuration Chipset Configuration Fan Control Configuration Hardware Monitoring The submenu represented by Table 58 is used to configure the event logging features.

100 . select Advanced on the menu bar and then Video Configuration. Table 59. PCI Configuration Boot Configuration Peripheral Configuration Drive Configuration Floppy Configuration Event Log Configuration Video Configuration USB Configuration Chipset Configuration Fan Control Configuration Hardware Monitoring The submenu represented in Table 59 is for configuring the video features.7 Video Configuration Submenu Maintenance Main Advanced Security Power Boot Exit To access this menu.4.Intel Desktop Board D848PMB Technical Product Specification 4. Feature AGP Aperture Size Video Configuration Submenu Options • 4 MB • 8 MB • 16 MB • 32 MB • 64 MB (default) • 128 MB • 256 MB Description Sets the aperture size for the video controller. Primary Video Adapter • AGP • PCI (default) Selects primary video adapter to be used during boot.

8 USB Configuration Submenu Maintenance Main Advanced Security Power Boot Exit To access this menu.0 driver is not available.0 Legacy Support • Full-Speed (default) • Hi-Speed 101 . Table 60. Enables/disables legacy USB support.4.BIOS Setup Program 4.0 Legacy support to Hi-Speed (480 Mbps) or Full-Speed (12 Mbps). USB 2. select Advanced on the menu bar and then USB Configuration. Feature High-Speed USB Legacy USB Support USB Configuration Submenu Options • Enabled (default) • Disabled • Disabled • Enabled (default) Description Set to Disabled when a USB 2. PCI Configuration Boot Configuration Peripheral Configuration Drive Configuration Floppy Configuration Event Log Configuration Video Configuration USB Configuration Chipset Configuration Fan Control Configuration Hardware Monitoring The submenu represented in Table 60 is for configuring the USB features. Configures the USB 2.

PCI Configuration Boot Configuration Peripheral Configuration Drive Configuration Floppy Configuration Event Log Configuration Video Configuration USB Configuration Chipset Configuration Fan Control Configuration Hardware Monitoring The submenu represented in Table 61 is for configuring chipset options. Table 61. Allows override of the detected memory frequency. a PCI-to-PCI bridge will only recognize I/O addresses that do not alias to an ISA range (within the bridge’s assigned I/O range). you must reboot for the change to take effect.Intel Desktop Board D848PMB Technical Product Specification 4. continued 102 . PCI Latency Timer • 32 (default) • 64 • 96 • 128 • 160 • 192 • 224 • 248 Extended Configuration SDRAM Frequency (Note 1) • Default (default) • User Defined • Auto (default) • 266 MHz • 320 MHz (Note 2) • 400 MHz (Note 3) Allows the setting of extended configuration options. Feature ISA Enable Bit Chipset Configuration Submenu Options • Disabled • Enabled (default) Description When set to Enable. Allows you to control the time (in PCI bus clock cycles) that an agent on the PC bus can hold the bus when another agent has requested the bus. NOTE: If SDRAM Frequency is changed. the System Memory Speed parameter in the Main menu will reflect the new value.9 Chipset Configuration Submenu Maintenance Main Advanced Security Power Boot Exit To access this menu.4. select Advanced on the menu bar and then Chipset Configuration. After changing this setting and rebooting.

Feature Chipset Configuration Submenu (continued) Options • Auto (default) • Enabled • Disabled Description Controls the CPC/1n rule mode.0 • 2. Manual – Aggressive = Selects most aggressive user-defined timings. SDRAM RAS# Precharge (Note 4) Selects the length of time required before accessing a new row.5 (default) • 3.0 • 4 • 3 (default) • 2 • 4 • 3 (default) • 2 Selects the number of clock cycles required to address a column in memory. Manual – User Defined = Allows manual override of detected SDRAM settings. 4. 103 . 2. SDRAM RAS# to CAS# Delay (Note 4) Selects the number of clock cycles between addressing a row and addressing a column. Notes: 1. This option is displayed only if the installed processor has a 533 MHz system bus. Auto = Timings will be programmed according to the memory detected. This feature is displayed only if SDRAM Timing Control is set to Manual – User Defined.BIOS Setup Program Table 61. CPC Override SDRAM Timing Control (Note 1) • Auto (default) • Manual – Aggressive • Manual – User Defined SDRAM RAS Active to Precharge (Note 4) • 8 • 7 (default) • 6 • 5 Corresponds to tRAS. This feature is displayed only if Extended Configuration is set to User Defined. 3. This option is displayed only if the installed processor has an 800 MHz system bus. Enabled allows the DRAM controller to attempt chip select assertions in two consecutive common clocks. SDRAM CAS# Latency (Note 4) • 2.

Table 62. Feature Fan Control Lowest Fan Speed Fan Control Configuration Submenu Options • Disabled • Enabled (default) • Slow (default) • Off Defines the lower limit of chassis fan speed operation.10 Fan Control Configuration Submenu Main Advanced Security Power Boot Exit To access this menu. at low system temperatures the fans will turn off. Note: These options will not take effect until power has been completely removed from the system. Maintenance PCI Configuration Boot Configuration Peripheral Configuration Drive Configuration Floppy Configuration Event Log Configuration Video Configuration USB Configuration Chipset Configuration Fan Control Configuration Hardware Monitoring The submenu represented in Table 62 is for configuring fan control options. After saving the BIOS settings and turning off the system.4. When set to Off. When set to Slow. select Advanced on the menu bar and then Fan Control Configuration.Intel Desktop Board D848PMB Technical Product Specification 4. at low system temperatures the fans will continue to run at slow speed. unplug the power cord from the system and wait at least 30 seconds before reapplying power and turning the system back on. Description Enables or disables fan control. 104 .

5 V in supply Displays voltage level of Vccp supply Displays voltage level of +3. Maintenance PCI Configuration Boot Configuration Peripheral Configuration Drive Configuration Floppy Configuration Event Log Configuration Video Configuration USB Configuration Chipset Configuration Fan Control Configuration Hardware Monitoring Table 63 represents an example of the hardware monitoring display.4.11 Hardware Monitoring Main Advanced Security Power Boot Exit To access this screen. select Advanced on the menu bar and then Hardware Monitoring.3 V in supply Displays voltage level of +5 V in supply Displays voltage level of +12 V in supply 105 .BIOS Setup Program 4. Feature Processor Zone Temperature System Zone 1 Temperature Processor Fan Speed Rear Fan Speed Front Fan Speed +1.3 V in +5 V in +12 V in Hardware Monitoring Display Description Displays temperature in Celsius and Fahrenheit Displays temperature in Celsius and Fahrenheit Displays fan speed in RPM Displays fan speed in RPM Displays fan speed in RPM Displays voltage level of +1.5 V in Vccp +3. Table 63.

and 0-9. a-z. Disabled = Disables Chassis Intrusion Log = Logs the intrusion in the event log Log. User must enter BIOS setup Security Menu and select “Clear Chassis Intrusion Status” to clear the Chassis intrusion flag. Full allows the user to changes all fields except the supervisor password. Set User Password Password can be up to seven alphanumeric characters. notify once = Halts system during POST. Intrusion flag is cleared and the event log is updated. This feature is displayed only if a user password has been set. Clear User Password (Note 3) • Ok (default) • Cancel • Disabled (default) • Log • Log. notify til cleared = Halts system during POST.5 Security Menu To access this menu. User Access Level (Note 2) • No Access • View Only • Limited • Full (default) Sets the user access rights to the BIOS Setup Utility. 3. select Security from the menu bar at the top of the screen. notify until cleared Clears the user password. Table 64. This feature is displayed only if a supervisor password has been set. No Access prevents user access to the BIOS Setup Utility. Limited allows the user to changes some fields. notify once • Log. Specifies the supervisor password. User must press <F4> to continue. 106 . (Note 1) Specifies the user password. Feature Supervisor Password User Password Set Supervisor Password Security Menu Options No options No options Password can be up to seven alphanumeric characters. Maintenance Main Advanced Security Power Boot Exit The menu represented by Table 64 is for setting passwords and security features.Intel Desktop Board D848PMB Technical Product Specification 4. View Only allows the user to view but not change the BIOS Setup Utility fields. Reports if there is a user password set. 2. Log. Chassis Intrusion Notes: 1. Valid password characters are A-Z. (Note 1) If no password entered previously: Description Reports if there is a supervisor password set.

6 Power Menu To access this menu. select Power from the menu bar at the top of the screen. but some drivers may not support this state. Last State restores the previous power state before power loss occurred. In ACPI soft-off mode only.BIOS Setup Program 4. Wake on LAN from S5 • Stay Off (default) • Power On 107 . select Power from the menu bar at the top of the screen and then ACPI. The submenu represented in Table 66 is for setting the ACPI power options. Maintenance Main Advanced Security Power ACPI Boot Exit The menu represented in Table 65 is for setting the power management features.6. 4. Stay Off keeps the power off until the power button is pressed. Power On restores power to the computer. Feature ACPI Suspend State ACPI Submenu Options • S1 State • S3 State Description S1 is the safest mode but consumes more power. Table 66. Wake on PCI PME • Stay Off (default) • Power On Specifies how the computer responds to a PCI power management event. S3 consumes less power. Feature ACPI After Power Failure Power Menu Options Select to display submenu • Stay Off • Last State (default) • Power On Description Sets the ACPI power management options. determines how the system responds to a LAN wake-up event.1 ACPI Submenu Maintenance Main Advanced Security Power ACPI Boot Exit To access this menu. Table 65. Specifies the mode of operation if an AC power loss occurs.

select Boot from the menu bar at the top of the screen. Disables/enables PXE boot to LAN. Feature Silent Boot Boot Menu Options • Disabled • Enabled (default) Description Disabled displays normal POST messages. Intel(R) Rapid BIOS Boot PXE Boot to LAN • Disabled • Enabled (default) • Disabled (default) • Enabled USB Boot Boot Device Priority Hard Disk Drives Removable Devices ATAPI CD-ROM Drives • Disabled • Enabled (default) Select to display submenu Select to display submenu Select to display submenu Select to display submenu 108 . Enables the computer to boot without running certain POST tests. Specifies the boot sequence from the available ATAPI CD-ROM drives. Specifies the boot sequence from the available removable devices. Specifies the boot sequence from the available types of boot devices. Enabled displays OEM graphic instead of POST messages. Disables/enables booting to USB boot devices. Specifies the boot sequence from the available hard disk drives. Table 67.7 Boot Menu To access this menu. Maintenance Main Advanced Security Power Boot Exit Boot Device Priority Hard Disk Drives Removable Devices ATAPI CD-ROM Drives The menu represented in Table 67 is used to set the boot features and the boot sequence. you must reboot for the Intel Boot Agent device to be available in the Boot Device menu.Intel Desktop Board D848PMB Technical Product Specification 4. Note: When set to Enabled.

The computer will attempt to boot from up to five devices as specified here. 2.7.BIOS Setup Program 4. respectively: • Removable Dev. Feature 1 Boot Device 2 Boot Device 3 Boot Device 4 Boot Device th rd nd st Boot Device Priority Submenu Options • Removable Dev. 109 .1 Boot Device Priority Submenu Maintenance Main Advanced Security Power Boot Exit To access this menu. Boot Device Priority Hard Disk Drives Removable Devices ATAPI CD-ROM Drives The submenu represented in Table 68 is for setting boot devices priority. Table 68. Press <Enter> to set the selection as the intended boot device. select Boot on the menu bar and then Boot Devices Priority. • Hard Drive • ATAPI CD-ROM • Intel Boot Agent Note: The boot device identifier for Intel Boot Agent (IBA) may vary depending on the BIOS release. Only one of the devices can be an IDE hard disk drive. • Hard Drive • ATAPI CD-ROM • Intel® Boot Agent (Note) Description Specifies the boot sequence according to the device type. • Disabled The default settings for the first through fourth boot devices are. Select the boot device with <↑> or <↓>. To specify boot sequence: 1.

2. Note: This boot device submenu appears only if at least one boot device of this type is installed. Select the boot device with <↑> or <↓>. Boot Device Priority Hard Disk Drives Removable Devices ATAPI CD-ROM Drives The submenu represented in Table 70 is for setting removable device priority. Feature 1 Hard Disk Drive (Note) st Hard Disk Drives Submenu Options Dependent on installed hard drives Description Specifies the boot sequence from the available hard disk drives.2 Hard Disk Drives Submenu Maintenance Main Advanced Security Power Boot Exit To access this menu. This list will display up to four removable devices. select Boot on the menu bar. Table 69. Press <Enter> to set the selection as the intended boot device. then Removable Devices. Table 70. select Boot on the menu bar and then Hard Disk Drives. Feature 1 Removable Device (Note) st Removable Devices Submenu Options Dependent on installed removable devices Description Specifies the boot sequence from the available removable devices. 110 .7. Boot Device Priority Hard Disk Drives Removable Devices ATAPI CD-ROM Drives The submenu represented in Table 69 is for setting hard disk drive priority. 2. Note: This boot device submenu appears only if at least one boot device of this type is installed. Select the boot device with <↑> or <↓>. the maximum number of hard disk drives supported by the BIOS. 4. To specify boot sequence: 1. the maximum number of removable devices supported by the BIOS.3 Removable Devices Submenu Maintenance Main Advanced Security Power Boot Exit To access this menu.Intel Desktop Board D848PMB Technical Product Specification 4. This list will display up to twelve hard disk drives.7. Press <Enter> to set the selection as the intended boot device. To specify boot sequence: 1.

Loads the custom defaults for Setup options. Table 72. the BIOS reads the factory defaults. 4. Normally. saving changes. Feature 1 ATAPI CDROM (Note) st ATAPI CD-ROM Drives Submenu Options Dependent on installed ATAPI CD-ROM drives Description Specifies the boot sequence from the available ATAPI CD-ROM drives. Saves the current values as custom defaults. Note: This boot device submenu appears only if at least one boot device of this type is installed. Boot Device Priority Hard Disk Drives Removable Devices ATAPI CD-ROM Drives The submenu represented in Table 71 is for setting ATAPI CD-ROM drive priority. Loads the optimal default values for all the Setup options. If no custom defaults are set. the maximum number of ATAPI CD-ROM drives supported by the BIOS. Discards changes without exiting Setup. Maintenance Main Advanced Security Power Boot Exit The menu represented in Table 72 is for exiting the BIOS Setup program. Press <Enter> to set the selection as the intended boot device. select Boot on the menu bar and then ATAPI CD-ROM Drives. If this memory is corrupted. Select the boot device with <↑> or <↓>.7.8 Exit Menu To access this menu. To specify boot sequence: 1. 2. The option values present when the computer was turned on are used.BIOS Setup Program 4. This list will display up to four ATAPI CD-ROM drives. Feature Exit Saving Changes Exit Discarding Changes Load Optimal Defaults Load Custom Defaults Save Custom Defaults Exit Menu Description Exits and saves the changes in CMOS SRAM. and loading and saving defaults. Discard Changes 111 . the BIOS reads the Setup values from flash memory. Table 71. select Exit from the menu bar at the top of the screen. the BIOS reads the custom defaults. Exits without saving any changes made in the BIOS Setup program.4 ATAPI CD-ROM Drives Submenu Maintenance Main Advanced Security Power Boot Exit To access this menu.

Intel Desktop Board D848PMB Technical Product Specification 112 .

........1 5.....115 Bus Initialization Checkpoints ..... CMOS values are not the same as the last boot.........ATAPI Incompatible Sec Slave Drive .............................. Check Setup to make sure type is correct.......................... Cache memory may be bad... The battery may be losing power...................................5 BIOS Error Messages.................... Error occurred trying to access diskette drive controller....................................... Run Setup to reset values.................. Error occurred trying to access hard disk controller............ The CMOS checksum is incorrect. The time and/or date values stored in CMOS are invalid........4 5...... Run Setup to make sure device is selected correctly......1 BIOS Error Messages Table 73 lists the error messages and provides a brief description of each..... Could not read sector from corresponding drive...120 5.2 5... No response from diskette drive.......... CMOS memory may have been corrupted......... Error during read/write test of DMA controller................... The display type is different than what has been stored in CMOS....................ATAPI Incompatible Pri Slave Drive ... Run Setup to set correct values........... These values have either been corrupted or the battery has failed...................ATAPI Incompatible Sec Master Drive ..... continued 113 ................... Error Message Corresponding drive in not an ATAPI device..........................5 Error Messages and Beep Codes What This Chapter Contains 5.......................113 Port 80h POST Codes.. GA20 Error Pri Master HDD Error Pri Slave HDD Error Sec Master HDD Error Sec Slave HDD Error Pri Master Drive ........3 5............................... Replace the battery soon........................... Table 73.ATAPI Incompatible A: Drive Error Cache Memory Bad CMOS Battery Low CMOS Display Type Wrong CMOS Checksum Bad CMOS Settings Wrong CMOS Date/Time Not Set DMA Error FDC Failure HDC Failure BIOS Error Messages Explanation An error occurred with Gate A20 when switching to protected mode during the memory test....................119 Speaker ..............120 BIOS Beep Codes .. An error occurred when testing L2 cache..........

This error is followed by an address. and passwords have been cleared. System did not find a device to boot. A parity error occurred on an off-board card.. The system Jumper should be powered down and the jumper removed. CMOS. Memory size has changed since the last boot. If no memory was removed then memory may be bad. If no memory was added there may be a problem with the system. Keyboard interface test failed. Memory size has decreased since the last boot. NVRAM was invalid and has been updated... Error Message Checking NVRAM. A parity error occurred in onboard memory at an unknown address.Intel Desktop Board D848PMB Technical Product Specification Table 73.. <CTRL_N> Pressed CMOS is ignored and NVRAM is cleared. This error is followed by an address. BIOS Error Messages (continued) Explanation NVRAM is being checked to see if it is valid. Make sure keyboard is connected properly. If no memory was added or removed then memory may be bad. A parity error occurred in onboard memory. Memory size has increased since the last boot. Error in the keyboard connection. NVRAM was invalid but was unable to be updated. Update OK! Updated Failed Keyboard Error KB/Interface Error Memory Size Decreased Memory Size Increased Memory Size Changed No Boot Device Available Off Board Parity Error On Board Parity Error Parity Error NVRAM/CMOS/PASSWORD cleared by NVRAM. User must enter Setup. 114 .

Error Messages and Beep Codes

5.2 Port 80h POST Codes
During the POST, the BIOS generates diagnostic progress codes (POST-codes) to I/O port 80h. If the POST fails, execution stops and the last POST code generated is left at port 80h. This code is useful for determining the point where an error occurred. Displaying the POST-codes requires a PCI bus add-in card, often called a POST card. The POST card can decode the port and display the contents on a medium such as a seven-segment display.

NOTE
The POST card must be installed in PCI bus connector 1. The tables below offer descriptions of the POST codes generated by the BIOS. Table 74 defines the uncompressed INIT code checkpoints, Table 75 describes the boot block recovery code checkpoints, and Table 76 lists the runtime code uncompressed in F000 shadow RAM. Some codes are repeated in the tables because that code applies to more than one operation.
Table 74.
Code D0 D1 D3 D4 D5 D6

Uncompressed INIT Code Checkpoints
Description of POST Operation NMI is Disabled. Onboard KBC, RTC enabled (if present). Init code Checksum verification starting. Keyboard controller BAT test, CPU ID saved, and going to 4 GB flat mode. Do necessary chipset initialization, start memory refresh, and do memory sizing. Verify base memory. Init code to be copied to segment 0 and control to be transferred to segment 0. Control is in segment 0. To check recovery mode and verify main BIOS checksum. If either it is recovery mode or main BIOS checksum is bad, go to check point E0 for recovery else go to check point D7 for giving control to main BIOS. Find Main BIOS module in ROM image. Uncompress the main BIOS module. Copy main BIOS image to F000 shadow RAM and give control to main BIOS in F000 shadow RAM.

D7 D8 D9

Table 75.
Code E0

Boot Block Recovery Code Checkpoints
Description of POST Operation Onboard Floppy Controller (if any) is initialized. Compressed recovery code is uncompressed in F000:0000 in Shadow RAM and give control to recovery code in F000 Shadow RAM. Initialize interrupt vector tables, initialize system timer, initialize DMA controller and interrupt controller. Initialize extra (Intel Recovery) Module. Initialize floppy drive. Try to boot from floppy. If reading of boot sector is successful, give control to boot sector code. Booting from floppy failed, look for ATAPI (LS-120, Zip) devices. Try to boot from ATAPI. If reading of boot sector is successful, give control to boot sector code. Booting from floppy and ATAPI device failed. Give two beeps. Retry the booting procedure again (go to check point E9).

E8 E9 EA EB EC EF

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Intel Desktop Board D848PMB Technical Product Specification

Table 76.
Code 03 05 06 07 08 0B 0C 0E 0F 10 11 12 13 14 19 1A 23 24 25 27 28 2A 2B 2C 2D 2E 2F 30 31 32 34 37 38 39 3A

Runtime Code Uncompressed in F000 Shadow RAM
Description of POST Operation NMI is Disabled. To check soft reset/power-on. BIOS stack set. Going to disable cache if any. POST code to be uncompressed. CPU init and CPU data area init to be done. CMOS checksum calculation to be done next. Any initialization before keyboard BAT to be done next. KB controller I/B free. To issue the BAT command to keyboard controller. Any initialization after KB controller BAT to be done next. Keyboard command byte to be written. Going to issue Pin-23,24 blocking/unblocking command. Going to check pressing of <INS>, <END> key during power-on. To init CMOS if "Init CMOS in every boot" is set or <END> key is pressed. Going to disable DMA and Interrupt controllers. Video display is disabled and port-B is initialized. Chipset init about to begin. 8254 timer test about to start. About to start memory refresh test. Memory Refresh line is toggling. Going to check 15 µs ON/OFF time. To read 8042 input port and disable Megakey GreenPC feature. Make BIOS code segment writeable. To do any setup before Int vector init. Interrupt vector initialization to begin. To clear password if necessary. Any initialization before setting video mode to be done. Going for monochrome mode and color mode setting. Different buses init (system, static, output devices) to start if present. (See Section 5.3 for details of different buses.) To give control for any setup required before optional video ROM check. To look for optional video ROM and give control. To give control to do any processing after video ROM returns control. If EGA/VGA not found then do display memory R/W test. EGA/VGA not found. Display memory R/W test about to begin. Display memory R/W test passed. About to look for the retrace checking. Display memory R/W test or retrace checking failed. To do alternate Display memory R/W test. Alternate Display memory R/W test passed. To look for the alternate display retrace checking. Video display checking over. Display mode to be set next. Display mode set. Going to display the power-on message. Different buses init (input, IPL, general devices) to start if present. (See Section 5.3 for details of different buses.) Display different buses initialization error messages. (See Section 5.3 for details of different buses.) New cursor position read and saved. To display the Hit <DEL> message. continued

116

Error Messages and Beep Codes

Table 76.
Code 40 42 43 44 45 46 47 48 49 4B 4C 4D 4E 4F 50 51 52 53 54 57 58 59 60 62 65 66 7F 80 81 82 83

Runtime Code Uncompressed in F000 Shadow RAM (continued)
Description of POST Operation To prepare the descriptor tables. To enter in virtual mode for memory test. To enable interrupts for diagnostics mode. To initialize data to check memory wrap around at 0:0. Data initialized. Going to check for memory wrap around at 0:0 and finding the total system memory size. Memory wrap around test done. Memory size calculation over. About to go for writing patterns to test memory. Pattern to be tested written in extended memory. Going to write patterns in base 640k memory. Patterns written in base memory. Going to find out amount of memory below 1M memory. Amount of memory below 1M found and verified. Going to find out amount of memory above 1M memory. Amount of memory above 1M found and verified. Check for soft reset and going to clear memory below 1M for soft reset. (If power on, go to check point # 4Eh). Memory below 1M cleared. (SOFT RESET) Going to clear memory above 1M. Memory above 1M cleared. (SOFT RESET) Going to save the memory size. (Go to check point # 52h). Memory test started. (NOT SOFT RESET) About to display the first 64k memory size. Memory size display started. This will be updated during memory test. Going for sequential and random memory test. Memory testing/initialization below 1M complete. Going to adjust displayed memory size for relocation/shadow. Memory size display adjusted due to relocation/ shadow. Memory test above 1M to follow. Memory testing/initialization above 1M complete. Going to save memory size information. Memory size information is saved. CPU registers are saved. Going to enter in real mode. Shutdown successful, CPU in real mode. Going to disable gate A20 line and disable parity/NMI. A20 address line, parity/NMI disable successful. Going to adjust memory size depending on relocation/shadow. Memory size adjusted for relocation/shadow. Going to clear Hit <DEL> message. Hit <DEL> message cleared. <WAIT...> message displayed. About to start DMA and interrupt controller test. DMA page register test passed. To do DMA#1 base register test. DMA#1 base register test passed. To do DMA#2 base register test. DMA#2 base register test passed. To program DMA unit 1 and 2. DMA unit 1 and 2 programming over. To initialize 8259 interrupt controller. Extended NMI sources enabling is in progress. Keyboard test started. Clearing output buffer, checking for stuck key, to issue keyboard reset command. Keyboard reset error/stuck key found. To issue keyboard controller interface test command. Keyboard controller interface test over. To write command byte and init circular buffer. Command byte written, global data init done. To check for lock-key. continued

117

First screen message displayed. To check for memory size mismatch with CMOS. E000 ROM to get control next. Initialization after E000 optional ROM control is over. Put INT13 module runtime image to shadow. Going to display any soft errors. Programming after setup complete. Password checked. Programming before setup complete. Soft error display complete.> message displayed. Initialization before E000 ROM control over.) Going to do any init before C800 optional ROM control. Returned after RS-232 base address. Coprocessor initialized. Going to display power-on screen message. Going for hard disk controller reset. Any init before C800 optional ROM control is over.Intel Desktop Board D848PMB Technical Product Specification Table 76. Optional ROM control is done. PS/2 Mouse check and extended BIOS data area allocation to be done. keyboard ID and num-lock. Setup options programming after CMOS setup about to start. Floppy setup to be done next. <WAIT. Going to set the RS-232 base address. Hard disk controller reset done. Return after setting timer and printer base address. Any initialization required after optional ROM test over. Generate MP for multiprocessor support (if present). continued 118 . Memory size check done. Going to do any initialization required after E000 optional ROM control. Returned from E000 ROM control. Going to enable parity/NMI. Code 84 85 86 87 88 89 8B 8C 8D 8F 91 95 96 97 98 99 9A 9B 9C 9D 9E A2 A3 A4 A5 A7 A8 A9 AA AB AC AD Runtime Code Uncompressed in F000 Shadow RAM (continued) Description of POST Operation Lock-key checking over. Going to do any initialization required before giving control to optional ROM at E000. Going to check extended keyboard. Initialization after Coprocessor test is complete. Going to initialize the Coprocessor next. Going to set keyboard typematic rate. Floppy setup complete. To display soft error and check for password or bypass setup. Going to do any initialization before Coprocessor test.. Required initialization before Coprocessor is over. About to give control to do any required processing after optional ROM returns control and enable external cache. Put CGA INT10 module (if present) in Shadow.. Going to display the system configuration. Going to do any initialization after Coprocessor test. To program memory wait states. Keyboard typematic rate set. About to do programming after setup. Optional ROM check and control will be done next.3 for details of different buses. About to do programming before setup. Going to setup timer data area and printer base address. Hard disk setup to be done next. Init of different buses optional ROMs from C800 to start. NMI and parity enabled. Returned from CMOS setup program and screen is cleared. To uncompress SETUP code and execute CMOS setup. (See Section 5.

Table 77. and output devices) to start if present. func#7. input device init on the bus concerned. While control is inside the different bus routines. Checkpoint 2A 38 39 95 Bus Initialization Checkpoints Description Different buses init (system. 119 . the low byte of the checkpoint is the system BIOS checkpoint from which the control is passed to the different bus routines. func#1.3 Bus Initialization Checkpoints The system BIOS gives control to the different buses at several checkpoints to do various tasks. Init of different buses optional ROMs from C800 to start.Error Messages and Beep Codes Table 76. static. add-on ROM init for all buses. Display different buses initialization error messages. Going to copy any code to specific area. The high byte of the checkpoint is the indication of which routine is being executed in the different buses. IPL. additional checkpoints are output to port 80h as WORD to identify the routines under execution. static devices init on the bus concerned. 5. func#5. Copying of code to specific area done. func#2. Table 78. disable all devices on the bus concerned. and general devices) to start if present. func#6. Different buses init (input. func#4. Code AE B1 00 Runtime Code Uncompressed in F000 Shadow RAM (continued) Description of POST Operation Uncompress SMBIOS module and init SMBIOS code and form the runtime SMBIOS image in shadow. Table 77 describes the bus initialization checkpoints. Going to give control to INT-19 boot loader. IPL device init on the bus concerned. general device init on the bus concerned. In these WORD checkpoints. Table 78 describes the upper nibble of the high byte and indicates the function that is being executed. func#3. error reporting for the bus concerned. output device init on the bus concerned. Value 0 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 Upper Nibble High Byte Functions Description func#0.

The BIOS also issues a beep code (one long tone followed by two short tones) during POST if the video configuration fails (a faulty video card or no card installed) or if an external ROM module does not properly checksum to zero. For information about The location of the onboard speaker on the Desktop Board D848PMB Refer to Figure 1. check the documentation for that external device. the terminal-error handler issues a beep code signifying the test point error. the BIOS displays an error message describing the problem (see Table 80).4 Speaker A 47 Ω inductive speaker is mounted on the Desktop Board D848PMB. writes the error to I/O port 80h. There are several POST routines that issue a POST terminal error and shut down the system if they fail. Table 79.5 BIOS Beep Codes Whenever a recoverable error occurs during POST. attempts to initialize the video and writes the error in the upper left corner of the screen (using both monochrome and color adapters). usually consisting of one long tone followed by a series of short tones. a video BIOS) can also issue audible errors. The speaker provides audible error code (beep code) information during POST.Intel Desktop Board D848PMB Technical Product Specification Table 79 describes the lower nibble of the high byte and indicates the bus on which the routines are being executed. 120 . on page 14 5. An external ROM module (for example. For more information on the beep codes issued. Value 0 1 2 3 4 5 Lower Nibble High Byte Functions Description Generic DIM (Device Initialization Manager) On-board System devices ISA devices EISA devices ISA PnP devices PCI devices 5. Before shutting down the system.

Table 80. etc.Error Messages and Beep Codes If POST completes normally. the BIOS issues one short beep before passing control to the operating system.g. POST module not found.) 121 . Beep 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 11 Beep Codes Description Refresh failure Parity cannot be reset First 64 KB memory failure Timer not operational Not used 8042 GateA20 cannot be toggled Exception interrupt error Display memory R/W error Not used CMOS Shutdown register test error Invalid BIOS (e.

Intel Desktop Board D848PMB Technical Product Specification 122 .