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0 Introduction Meaning of Open Source Software (OSS) Open source software (OSS) is defined as computer software for which the source code and certain other rights normally reserved for copyright holders are provided under a software license that meets the Open Source Definition or that is in the public domain. This permits users to use, change, and improve the software, and to redistribute it in modified or unmodified forms. Meaning of Hardware A computer's hardware consists of the physical components necessary to operate and interact with a computer. Since a computer's primary language is binary, devices are necessary to convert our input into that language. The binary code coming out of the computer must also be translated into something usable for the operator. Meaning of Software Software is often divided into two categories: 1. System software: Includes the operating system and all the utilities that enables the computer to function. ` 2. Application software: Includes programs that do real work for users.For example, word processors, spreadsheets, and database management systems fall under the category of applications software. 2.0 The Latest Open Source Operating System (OS) 2.1 Meaning of Open Source OS Open Source Operating System is the most important program that runs on a computer that is free to use, change, and improve the software, and to redistribute it in modified or unmodified forms. Every general-purpose computer must have an operating system to run other programs. Operating systems perform basic tasks, such as recognizing input from the keyboard, sending output to the display screen, keeping track of files and directories on the disk, and controlling peripheral devices such as disk drives and printers.

and free of any unnecessary complexities. change. and improve the software.1 Meaning of Open Source Application Software Open Source Application Software includes database programs. Haiku aims to provide users of all levels with a personal computing experience that is simple yet powerful. Haiku is developed mostly by volunteers around the world in their spare time. Inspired by the BeOS. and spreadsheets and others. b) Haiku Haiku is an open-source operating system currently in development designed from the ground up for desktop computing.2. 3. which means it takes advantages of their best features and adds its own modern development tools. It is free to use. Dreamlinux comes with a selection of the best applications designed to meet mostly of your daily needs. word processors. . and to redistribute it in modified or unmodified forms. It is based on Debian and Morphix.2 Examples of Open Source OS a) Dream Linux DreamLinux is a modern and modular Linux system that can be run directly from the CD and optionally be easily installed onto your HD.0 The Latest Open Source Application Software 3.

or other piece of content. accounting worksheet. and Opera. Mozilla Firefox. A pseudo third dimension to the matrix is sometimes applied as another layer. It displays multiple cells usually in a two-dimensional matrix or grid consisting of rows and columns.1 Hardware a) Canon Pixma MP280 b) Canon Pixma MX360 . An information resourceis identified by a Uniform Resource Identifier (URI) and may be a web page.3. of two-dimensional data. and traversing information resources on the World Wide Web. numeric values or formulas. video. Spreadsheets are frequently used for financial information because of their ability to re-calculate the entire sheet automatically after a change to a single cell is made. Apple Safari. A formula defines how the content of that cell is to be calculated from the contents of any other cell (or combination of cells) each time any cell is updated. Hyperlinks present in resources enable users easily to navigate their browsers to related resources. The major web browsers are Internet Explorer. 4. Spreadsheet *Microsoft Office Excel A spreadsheet is a computer application that simulates a paper. presenting.2 Examples of Open Source Application Software Web Browser *Mozilla Firefox A web browser is a software application for retrieving. or layers/sheets.0 The Latest Development in ICT 4. Google Chrome. image. Each cell contains alphanumeric text.

It was the budget-friendly model out of its line of eight photo printers released by Canon in 2010. as well as the Easy Photo Print app for Android smartphones in the package. and copier with enhanced photo printing capabilities. 4. this photo all-in-one offers high color resolution color photo capabilities with a maximum of 4800 x 1200 dpi and is Energy Star certified.-The Canon Pixma MP280 is an entry level all-in-one printer. alongside the Pixma MX410.2 Software . so keep reading to find out if this is the right printer for you. it features a simple glossy black design with silver accents just like the previously reviewed sister product. check out our full review below to find out if this is the suitable inkjet for your office at that price. the Pixma MX882. Now we will take a look at the MX360. It is an entry level model designed for small office/home office use. the Canon Pixma MP495. This four-in-one can print.0 (note that the MX410 has wireless connectivity). We tested the MX360 and found that it can print up to 8 black and white pages per minute under the default settings. copy. Moreover. scanner. Taking on the new Pixma photo printer look. Our reviews include an overview of specifications. and the inkjet that is one step down from it. Canon has included Full HD Movie Print and photo editing software. testing results. a summary of the build and design. -The Canon Pixma MX360 was first introduced by Canon in January during CES 2011. and more. scan. It is currently selling for only $70 from Canon's website. and fax and connects to a computer via HighSpeed USB 2. The MX360 has a list price of $79.99. We have already reviewed the leading flagship inkjet out of the bunch. the Pixma MX420. It has an automatic document feeder that can fit up to 30 sheets and a 100-sheet rear feed tray.

New features include: New chroma noise reduction Improved sharpening tool New import pseudo module Watermarking Grain Publish services Custom package for print On March 23.a) Adobe Photoshop Lightroom 2. along with the release of Adobe Camera Raw v4. 2010. New features include: Localized corrections (edit specific parts of an image) Improved organization tools Multiple monitor support Flexible printing options 64-bit support The official release of Lightroom v2 was on July 29. 2009. This technology allows custom camera colour profiles. or looks. to be created by the user and saved. . in addition to basic -Adobe Photoshop Lightroom 3.0 b) Adobe Photoshop Lightroom 3.5.0 Beta was advertised in official emails from Adobe in April 2008. Adobe released a second beta. It also allows profiles matching the creative styles built in to cameras to be replicated. version 3 also contains built-in lens correction and perspective control.0 -Adobe Photoshop Lightroom 2. Adobe released a complete set of such Camera Profiles for Nikon and Canon models.0 beta was released on October 22. 2008. which added the following features: New luminance noise reduction Tethered shooting for selected Nikon and Canon cameras Basic video file support Point curve Although not included in any beta release.5 and DNG Converter 4. Adobe has added DNG Camera Profiling to both releases.

advanced electronics and the Internet. This technology is open to all programs compliant with the DNG file format standard.1 Meaning of Pervasive Computing Pervasive computing (also called ubiquitous computing) is the growing trend towards embedding microprocessors in everyday objects so they can communicate information. The products are connected to the Internet and the data they generate is easily available. The goal of researchers working in pervasive computing is to create smart products that communicate unobtrusively.2 Examples of Pervasive Computing . Pervasive computing relies on the convergence of wireless technologies.Standard Profiles for all supported makes and models. The words pervasive and ubiquitous mean "existing everywhere. 5. at the same time as the Lightroom v2 release." Pervasive computing devices are completely connected and constantly available. 5.0 Pervasive Computing 5. through Adobe Labs.

is the phrase used to describe the current trend of integration of the internet and Web 2. anywhere on or near the Earth. (not to be confused with Internet TV. These devices allow viewers to search and find videos. The technology that enables Smart TVs is not only incorporated into television sets. which is also sometimes referred to as "Connected TV" or "Hybrid TV". Web TV. on a local cable TV channel. photos and other content on the web. where there is an unobstructed line of sight to four or more GPS satellites. Internet TV. Blu-ray players. and other companion devices. movies. It is maintained by the United States government and is freely accessible by anyone with a GPS receiver. or stored on a local hard drive. GPS *Garmin GPS The Global Positioning System (GPS) is a space-based global navigation satellite system (GNSS) that provides location and time information in all weather. including a number of classified engineering design studies from the 1960s. as well as the technological convergence between computers and these television sets /set-top boxes.2 Examples of Pervasive Computing Smart TV *Samsung Smart TV Smart TV.0 features into modern television sets and set-top boxes. but also devices such as set-top boxes. The GPS project was developed in 1973 to overcome the limitations of previous navigation systems. These new devices most often also have a much higher focus on online interactive media. over-the-top content. on a satellite TV channel. GPS was created and realized by .5. or LG Electronics's upcoming "SMART TV" branded NetCast Entertainment Access devices). game consoles. integrating ideas from several predecessors. and less focus on traditional broadcast media like previous generations of television sets and settop boxes always have had. as well as on-demand streaming media. ~ www. and improve the software. so users are free to . 6. Besides that.the U.0 Reference ~ http://www.scribd.S. change. and to redistribute it in modified or unmodified forms. we can easily give the computer commands and the computer will grant your wish. It became fully operational in 1994. Pervasive Computing is to make our lives easier because we can interact with computers. Department of Defense (USDOD) and was originally run with 24 satellites.0 Conclusion Open Source can be used by anyone and because it has no copyright claims. 7.