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Prepared (also subject responsible if other) No.
KOK KIAT LOK
Approved Checked Date Rev Reference
Cisco BSCI - Building Scalable Cisco Internetworks
1 EIGRP............................................................................................................................ 1 2 OSPF............................................................................................................................. 2 3 BGP 4 4 Implement Multicast Forwarding.....................................................................................4 5 IPv6 6 6 Redistribution................................................................................................................. 6 7 IS-IS 7
EIGRP default route can be created with the “ip default-network” This command causes the Cisco IOS to automatically add a static route to the routing table, marked as “S*” EIGRP use multicast 188.8.131.52
R . Serial0 Router# show ip eigrp traffic IP-EIGRP Traffic Statistics for process 77 Hellos sent/received: 218/205 Updates sent/received: 7/23 Queries sent/received: 2/0 Replies sent/received: 0/2 Acks sent/received: 21/14 Hellos Acks (Unreliable) (Unreliable) Updates (Reliable) Queries (Reliable) Replies (Reliable) Stub – Connected Summary 2 OSPF router ospf 76 (76 is the process id not router id) show ip ospf interfaces (View neighbour.16.0 via via via P 172. Ethernet1 172.28 (307200/281600).80.28 160. 2 successors. A . Ethernet1 172.80. Ethernet1 172.255. Ethernet0 172.16.81.Query. FD is 307200 Connected.89.80. Serial0 255.Reply.28 184.108.40.206.81.31 Ethernet1 Ethernet0 Ethernet0 Holdtime (secs) 13 14 12 Uptime (h:m:s) 0:00:41 0:02:01 0:02:02 Q Count 0 0 0 Seq Num 11 10 4 SRTT (ms) 4 12 5 RTO (ms) 20 24 20 Router# show ip eigrp topology IP-EIGRP Topology Table for process 77 Codes: P .0 via via via via 255.16. r . View router id) show ip ospf neighbors (View neighbour) . Q .80.255.28 (46251776/46226176). Ethernet0 172.81.Passive.16.80. FD is 0 172.31 (332800/307200). 1 successors. U .16.31 (46277376/46251776).Active.Update. 2 (9) KOK KIAT LOK Approved Checked Date Rev Reference 24/11/08 PA1 eigrp stub – advertises directly connected and summary routes only show ip eigrp interfaces Router# show ip eigrp neighbors IP-EIGRP Neighbors for process 77 Address Interface 160.Public CCNP BSCI 642-901 Prepared (also subject responsible if other) No.80.28 (46251776/46226176).81.Reply status P 172.16.90.16.0.89.28 (307200/281600).89.255.
else highest Loopback IP is the router id. Exchange. EIGRP into OSPF – summary-address Broadcast multi-access – DR/BDR NBMA – DR/BDR Point-to-point – No DR/BDR Point-to-multipoint – No DR/BDR . 2-Way. use the default-information orignate Transitions to a full adjacency .Down. 3 (9) KOK KIAT LOK Approved Checked Date Rev Reference 24/11/08 PA1 show ip protocol – display the parameters and current state of the active routing protocol process display parameters such as filters. If priority changed to 0. Exstart. Init. default metric. the state would always be DROTHER Priority 2 is higher than priority 1 Ethernet LAN need a DR and BDR ABR stub – no summary O*N2 ABR Totally Stubby area – not using no summary Inject a default external route into an OSPF. Loading and Full RIP. maximum paths. and number of area configured on a router show ip ospf – show when topological database will be purged of out-of-date number of times SPF algorithm has been executed Type 1 – Router link LSA Type 2 – Network link LSA Type 3 (ABR) – Network summary link LSA Summary of IP subnets in an OSPF area Type 5 – ASBR router-id to set OSFP router id. if not is the highest interface IP is the router id Default OSPF router priority is 1.Public CCNP BSCI 642-901 Prepared (also subject responsible if other) No.
Weight Local Preference .highest (global within AS. 4 (9) KOK KIAT LOK Approved Checked Date Rev Reference 24/11/08 PA1 3 BGP show ip bgp summary – Displays the IBGP and EBGP neighbors that are configured Mandatory BGP update messages – BGP 6 states – Idle C Active O O Established origin next-hop AS-path (prevent loop) EBGP neighbors must be in different AS EBGP neighbours use TCP port 179 to exchange BGP routing tables BGP Path Selection Decision Tree: 1.Public CCNP BSCI 642-901 Prepared (also subject responsible if other) No. Route originate Shortest AS path lowest origin code Prefer lowest MED 4 Implement Multicast Forwarding Multicast Address 224.0. 5. 4.6 Used By Which Protocol OSPF router OSPF DR and BDR .0. 2.5 224. default 100) Next hop.0. 6.0. 3.
The (S.0.0 -239. Enable PIM on an interface Dense mode multicast routing protocol – PIM-DM MOSPF DVMRP IGMP message – host membership report is sent when a network client wants to join a multicast group.13 220.127.116.11.0.0.0.0.Public CCNP BSCI 642-901 Prepared (also subject responsible if other) No. A router must be a member of a multicast group to receive multicast data.255. and are allocated dynamically throughout the Internet .255.10 18.104.22.168 224. Used flood and prune mechanism 3.0.1 Multicast address range – 224.G) state exists in every router.source filtering 224.0. Local scope addresses are addresses 224.1. Use a push model to floor traffic throughout the network and then prunes the unwanted 4.0 through 22.214.171.124. An employee sign up a particular distance-learning course 2. Enable IP multicast routing 2. Global scope addresses are addresses 224.10.255 and are reserved by IANA for network protocol use A router does not have to be a member of a multicast group to send to the group.0. 5 (9) KOK KIAT LOK Approved Checked Date Rev Reference 24/11/08 PA1 RIPv2 EIGRP PIMv2 IGMP version 3 NTP reserved by IANA 224.1.1” to configure RP Configure PIM for IP multicast routing 1. regardless of the presence of an RPF interface Sparse Mode 1.0.9 224. An employee at a corporation listening to president’s report 2.0.255 Multicast prefix 01-00-5E Protocol Independent Multicast – PIM Multicast mode – Dense mode 1. When member routers are widely dispersed 4.0. Use pull model to send multicast traffic to where it is requested 3.SM – Rendezvous Point (RP) RP to coordinate forwarding of multicast traffic from a source to receivers Use “ip pim rp-address 10.22 .0. Need RP PIM.
Public CCNP BSCI 642-901 Prepared (also subject responsible if other) No.255.0. and are reserved for use inside private domains. Command to apply a route map to interface Alpha (config)#interface e0 Alpha (config)#ip policy route-map ISPA RIP and IGRP a passive interface does not send routing update a passive interface can receives update OSPF EIGRP – will have a default metric of 0 and will be treated as unreachable and not advertised . 6 (9) KOK KIAT LOK Approved Checked Date Rev Reference 24/11/08 PA1 Limited/Administratively scoped addresses are addresses 239.255.255. 5 IPv6 IPv6 address is 128 bits long IPv6 header contains the next header field IPv6 router send RA messages ipv6 unicast-routing – command to support IPv6 RA – router advertisement RS – router solicitation The router advertisement (RA) immediately after the host sends a router solicitation (RS) 001 – global or aggregateable global addresses FEC0 – site local address FE80 – link local addres FF – multicast FF02::1 – All nodes on link (link-local scope) FF02::2 – All routers on link (link-local scope) FF02::6 – all designated routers on the link-local scope 6to4 tunneling – prefix 2002 IPv4 to IPv6 – 6to4 tunneling Dual stack NAT Enable IPv6 OSPF – ipv6 ospf process-id show ipv6 ospf type 9 LSA – Intra-area prefix LSA Tunneling – Encapsulating IPv6 packets into IPv4 headers 6 Redistribution Routes to be filtered are selected by using distribute lists.0.0 239.
which gets a metric of 1 Route distribution OSPF – Default metric is 20 Default metric type is 2 Subnets do not redistribute by default EIGRP OSPF – metric 25 (the seed cost) Guide line from loop if two way distribution is necessary • Manually configuring the metric • Manually configuring the administrative distance • Using distribution access-lists Route map default • The default sequence number will be 10 • Any matches are considered to be permitted Three reasons to control routing updates • To hide certain networks from the rest of the organization • To control network overhead on the wire • For simple security 7 IS-IS IS to IS = IIH IS to ES(End system or Host) = ISH ES to IS = ESH IS-IS has no backbone area NSAP – Network Service Access Point IS-IS – Three layers of hierarchical routing Level1. Leve2 and Level 3 (Cisco do not support level 3) AFI value of 49 are considered private internal addresses L1 – intra-area L2 – interarea Single router is elected as DIS (Designated IS) There is no back up DIS elected.Public CCNP BSCI 642-901 Prepared (also subject responsible if other) No. Complete SNP – DR or DIS sent out CSNP every 10 seconds Partial SNP – sent on point-to-point to acknowledge . 7 (9) KOK KIAT LOK Approved Checked Date Rev Reference 24/11/08 PA1 BGP OSPF – OSPF assigned a default metric of 20 for routes from all protocol. except BGP.
Public CCNP BSCI 642-901 Prepared (also subject responsible if other) No. 8 (9) KOK KIAT LOK Approved Checked Date Rev Reference 24/11/08 PA1 .
0 mask 255.252.168.Public CCNP BSCI 642-901 Prepared (also subject responsible if other) No.12. 9 (9) KOK KIAT LOK Approved Checked Date Rev Reference 24/11/08 PA1 IS-IS Metric used Default (Cisco) Delay Expense Error 115 10 OSPF Dijkstra EIGRP Dual RIP Bellman-Ford BGP IGRP Cost Redistribute defult interface metric Summary Route OSPF algorithm excuted Purged out-ofdate Display adjacencies Lists all known IS-IS router Display Level-1 routing table Interface configuration mode 110 20 90 EIGRP Summary 5 120 20 (External) 200 (Internal) 1 100 ip summary-address eigrp as-number address mask show ip ospf network 192.0 show clns neighbour show ip ospf interface show ip ospf neighbors show ip eigrp neighbors show ip bug summary show isis topology show isis route ip router isis .255.
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