Latinos for Fernandez is made up of Latinos who live and own businesses in New Haven that support Henry’s candidacy for Mayor because they believe that he is the candidate who has proven he will most strongly advocate for the issues that uniquely affect the Latino community here in New Haven. Henry Fernandez has for years fought for Latino rights in New Haven and around the United States. He is a board member at JUNTA for Progressive Action, and has chaired the boards of organizations like America’s Voice and the Campaign for Community Change, which lead the national fight for immigration reform. He has fought for Latino civil rights around the country, chairing a coalition table of national civil rights organizations which oppose hate speech against Latinos and serving as a board member of the National Hispanic Media Coalition (which fights to ensure access for Latinos in media industries). In Connecticut, he worked closely with students and advocates to help pass a law that granted in-state tuition rates for undocumented students. While Latinos for Fernandez embraces Henry’s vision of One City – which seeks to unite New Haven residents across all of the city’s great diversity, they also support and embrace his commitment to ensuring that issues that uniquely affect distinct populations are addressed. Henry’s Platform Latinos have made great strides in New Haven -- economically, socially and politically. There are Latinos represented in leadership positions amongst a number of sectors, a growing number of Latino elected officials and increased civic engagement among Latinos. The rapid growth in Page 1 of 7

the Latino community – including immigrants -- has impacted the city of New Haven in positive ways. Grand Avenue in Fair Haven is an example of the revitalization of a community’s commercial heart due to the hard work and contributions of Latinos. The growth in New Haven’s Latino population is well documented. According to the 2010 Census, the size of the city’s population increased by 5% between 2000 and 2010, while the Latino population grew by 34.6%. The total size of the city’s Latino population is now 35,591, representing an increase of 9,148 Latinos between 2000 and 2010. Latinos are now 27.4% of New Haven’s total population, up from 21.4% in 2000.1 Yet despite the progress made, the Latino community continues to face significant disparities compared to the rest of the city of New Haven. In any number of indicators – health, education, income, jobs, Latinos are disproportionately affected in adverse ways. The following are issues and a concrete plan that Henry has identified as critical to his platform, and which will result in the overall improvement of conditions for Latinos in New Haven. Jobs and Economic Justice More than any other racial or ethnic group, Latinos in New Haven are more likely to live in poverty. While the median annual income for all households is $38,585, Latinos rank at the bottom with the lowest household income among racial and ethnic groups, with a median income of $28,869. 2 An estimated 43% of Latina women and 33% of Latino men are poor.3 To further compound matters, the availability of jobs and job security are a challenge in New Haven, with far too many men and women looking for work. As of March 2013, the unemployment rate for the city was 11.6%, as compared to 8.2% in Connecticut and 7.6% nationwide. 4 The populations most affected by rates of unemployment are African American men (25%) and Latina women (20%). 5 As the former Economic Development Administrator for the City of New Haven, Henry has a proven track record in improving the economic conditions of the city and providing opportunities for economic advancement amongst the city’s population. For example, he brought Ikea to New Haven, bringing well over a hundred new jobs to the city; and led the city’s effort to move Gateway Community College downtown to elevate the role of the college as an educational and job retraining institution to the benefit of New Haven residents. He restored the Shubert Theater to a strong financial position and moved Artspace to the 9th
2 . The income for White households is $47,860; for Asian households it is $45,192, and for African American households it is ($32,096). The annual median household income in CT is $67,067.(U.S. Department of Commerce 2008–2010a). 33 Institute for Women’s Policy Research, “The Status of Women and Girls in New Haven”, p . 2 4 5 Id at 18.

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Square to support the development of retail and restaurants in the downtown. These strategies proved to be economically advantageous to the city. In Fair Haven, he hired an organizer to work to help develop the Grand Avenue Village Association (GAVA), a coalition of business and property owners. He also developed a new parking lot on Grand Avenue to support local businesses and initiated a façade grant program to improve the appearance of the street. In the Hill, he identified funding sources to help clean commercial areas and worked with C-Town to open a new grocery store. As Mayor, Henry will work to reduce the overall unemployment rate in the city by deploying aggressive strategies to both grow and encourage new businesses in the city. He will also engage with Latino, business and community leaders to develop specific strategies to reduce the unemployment rate amongst Latinos and ensure that there is increased access to job security. He will support the development of retail areas in the Hill and Fair Haven where Latino businesses are growing. Finally, Henry will encourage and work with employers to take steps to ensure that Latinos are strongly represented in the workplace, and will specifically target issues of wage theft that often impact Latino and immigrant workers. Health There are significant disparities in the health of residents of New Haven that are connected to their race, ethnicity and socioeconomic status, with people of color and poor people ranking at the bottom. Moreover, according to a report by DataHaven, “[t]he health of New Haven’s residents falls below national . . . goals across many indicators. Health inequities persist from birth to old age.”6

Health Disparities in New Haven, Connecticut (Table Developed in 2009 by CARE) Healthy Measure - % Persons who… People 2010 Target Poor physical health >15 days past month N/A Poor mental health >15 days past month Considered obese (BMI index >30) N/A 15% 13.4% 7.3% 16.6% 21.7% 8.2% 35.1% 33.2% 12.8% 24.1% White, Not Hispanic Black, Not Hispanic Hispanic

“Creating a Healthy New Haven: Setting the Stage for Action, Summary Data to Inform a Community Dialogue on Health, July 2009.

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Persons told they have high blood pressure Persons told they have high cholesterol Persons told they have diabetes Report no physical activity Report regular physical exercise Consume <5 fruits/vegetables per day Have health insurance Use a regular source of medical care Have had a checkup in the past year





14% 2.5% 20% 30% 50% 100% 96% Developmental

28.8% 4.8% 27.7% 49% 73.6% 91.5% 74.6% 75.3%

24.1% 16.3% 31.8% 37.1% 69.2% 88.5% 76.4% 83.7%

** 10.5% 45.3% 25.8% 56.2% 74.3% 58.5% **

As Mayor, Henry will work with the city’s Department of Public Health to create a comprehensive health initiative designed to eradicate health disparities that disproportionately affect people of color in the city, including Latinos. He will work to make health care more accessible by encouraging the provision of community based services in neighborhoods that are lacking, including community fairs that offer health screenings, education and mammograms among other things. He will encourage collaborations with local health clinics and hospitals to ensure that there are adequate educational outreach efforts to the Latino community. He will also ensure that there is a city wide health focus on reducing disparities affecting Latinos in health and chronic diseases including asthma, diabetes, and heart disease (among others). Finally, Henry will work to ensure that these efforts that target the Latino community are undertaken in culturally competent ways, including the provision of bilingual services.

EDUCATION Education is critical to securing economic stability and professional success. Studies have shown that individuals with higher educational attainment are higher wage earners and less likely to be economically disadvantaged. Not only does the state of Connecticut have one of the largest achievement gaps in the country, but graduation rates in New Haven reveal disturbing racial disparities. According to the New Haven Independent:

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The graduation gap amongst Latinos who graduate within four years is 64%, as compared to African Americans (71%) and White students (89%).7 The percentages in New Haven’s largest high schools are even more disturbing. According to the New Haven Independent: [a]t Wilbur Cross, the city's largest high school, 48.1 percent of Hispanic students earned a diploma within four years, compared to 65.4 of black students. The 1,290-student school was 47 percent Hispanic and 39 percent black that year. The city's second-biggest high school, James Hillhouse, also showed a significant racial gap: one third (33.8 percent) of Hispanic students got a diploma within four years, compared to 55.8 percent of blacks.8 In addition to supporting the education reform efforts already underway, Henry will work with the state and the New Haven Board of Education to close the achievement gap and improve graduation rates. He will create a task force that will examine the racial disparities in graduation rates and recommend interventions aimed at closing the graduation gap for Latino and African American students. Such a program will aim to both grow the number of high school graduates and diminish the number of high school drop-outs. Henry is committed to high quality bilingual education for English Language Learners. He will work to improve bilingual education by ensuring that best practices are instituted in all schools and by ensuring that enough resources are set aside for schools with the highest concentrations of English Language Learners. Ultimately Henry believes that a dual language approach where all children are exposed to multiple languages at a young age, is the correct approach. Children who come to school knowing spoken Spanish should be able to both learn English and become proficient at writing and reading in Spanish.

HOUSING The benefits of homeownership are many. Owning a home is not only essential to ensuring economic stability for families, but it provides stability in neighborhoods and communities. Unfortunately, not only are home ownership rates in New Haven low as compared to national and local rates,9 but racial disparities are also evident with Latino homeownership rates ranking the lowest. An estimated 42% of white households are homeowners; as compared with 23% of African American and Asian households, while the percentage of Latino homeowners is 22%. 10 9 An estimated 69% of households own their homes; while the national percentage is 66%. U.S. Department of Commerce 2008–2010a).
7 8 10

U.S. Department of Commerce 2008–2010b)

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In addition, the impact of the foreclosure crisis has adversely affected neighborhoods populated by people of color, including Fair Haven and the Hill, which have a significant percentage of Latino residents. Henry will work to support initiatives that provide opportunities for Latino families (and all New Haven families) to become home owners. His administration will work with local banks, community leaders and organizations such as the New Haven Roof Project and NeighborWorks New Horizons to develop strategies to increase homeownership amongst Latinos and stabilize neighborhoods, especially those affected by foreclosures. He will advocate for increased availability of bilingual homeownership programs aimed at providing Latino families with the educational tools and resources needed for successful homeownership.

IMMIGRATION Consistent with national trends, New Haven has experienced significant growth in the immigrant population particularly amongst Latinos. Over the last few decades, the city’s foreign born population increased from 8% to 16%11. The undocumented immigrant population, which is majority Latino, continues to grow. New Haven has distinguished itself as a city that is welcoming to immigrants. Beginning in 2004, the city rolled out a series of initiatives aimed at protecting some of the city’s most vulnerable residents: undocumented immigrants. However, municipal efforts have since dwindled, while the city’s immigrant population continues to struggle with issues related to safety, exploitation, civic engagement and a sense of belonging. Henry has proven that he has the experience to take on the issues affecting this city from day 1. Henry will work to put New Haven back on the map as a city that not only welcomes immigrants, but leads the country in innovative integration efforts. As mayor he will establish an Office of Immigrant Affairs to assist immigrants to integrate into the life of the city. He will work with immigrant leaders, residents, community based organizations and faith based leaders to establish a legalization initiative that ensures that the city is ready to assist immigrants with legalization efforts when comprehensive immigration reform legislation finally passes and is also ready now to assist young people who are eligible for legal status under the Deferred Action for Childhood Arrivals program. He will work with the New Haven Police Department to ensure that the department has the support it needs to effectively engage in community policing that adequately addresses the unique needs of immigrant communities and that public safety is improved amongst immigrants.

Status of Women and Girls in New Haven, p.9 citing US Department of Commerce 2010 and University of Virginia Library 2012.

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CITY ADMINISTRATON Henry will ensure that city government is as diverse as the city it serves. He will fill top positions with highly qualified, knowledgeable and experienced leaders; and in so doing will ensure that Latinos (as well as other communities) are well represented. Henry will set as a goal that Latinos are represented at similar levels to their portion of New Haven’s population in the city’s police and fire departments; and will accomplish this via a strong recruitment program in all of New Haven’s neighborhoods. He will also ensure that all qualified firefighters and police officers have access to the training necessary to take advantage of opportunities for advancement through the ranks. In his work in city government, running a large non-profit, and now in his business, Henry has consistently demonstrated his commitment to building diverse teams of highly qualified individuals who perform at high levels. In each case, he has recruited, developed and promoted Latinos into important roles.

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