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Handheld Flow Calibrator

presented by

Jonathan Ma, Yung Nguyen, Mario Zuniga
Project Advisor | Craig Corrigan Course Advisor | Jan Kleissl Progress Report MAE 126B | Project E5 May 31st, 2013

Project E5 | Handheld Flow Calibrator

Project Objectives & Progress Summary
OBJECTIVES
• Develop a cost-effective and highly accurate low flow calibrator that utilizes two separated methods to measure mass flow rate and volumetric flow rate.

PROJECT DESCRIPTION
JYMeter
Abs. Pressure Density Volumetric Flow Rate Mass Flow Rate

“JYMeter ”

Absolute Pressure Sensor

Temperature, Humidity,

Differential Pressure

Volumetric Flow Rate (from DP) * density

Mass Flow Rate Sensor

Project E5 | Handheld Flow Calibrator

Project Tasks
• •

1. Research

• Volumetric flow methods • Mass flow methods

2. Calculation & Engineering Design

Estimate the appropriate size materials Understanding resolutions and analog signals communication

1.
2.

3. Hardware & Fabrications

3. 4. 5. 6.

Integrate DP Sensor, Mass flow, Humidity Integrate Temp & Abs. Pressure Sensor Oversampling Programming Conditioning the tubes Finding appropriate Length Put everything into photoboard

4. Calibrate the calibrator

1L/Min Flow 1. Perform Procedures 1.1 & 1.2 (Basic Calibration) 1. DP 2. Mass Flow 3. Temperature, Humidity 4. Abs. Pressure

Project E5 | Handheld Flow Calibrator

Research| Numerical Analysis
VOLUMETRIC FLOW RATE : DIFFERENTIAL PRESSURE METHOD

Laminar Flow Element
Poiseuille Equation obtain calibration equation from calibration experiment

Project E5 | Handheld Flow Calibrator

Source: www.alicat.com

Design | Numerical Analysis
VOLUMETRIC FLOW RATE : DIFFERENTIAL PRESSURE METHOD
Poiseuille Equation

Low Flow Rate (1 L/min) Calculation – Single Tube

Higher Flow Rate (10 L/min) Calculation – LFE Model

Project E5 | Handheld Flow Calibrator

Source: www.alicat.com

Research |Numerical Analysis
MASS FLOW METHOD: CONSTANT TEMPERATURE DIFFERENTIAL

Mass Flow Meter  No calculation  Mainly Calibrations

Project E5 | Handheld Flow Calibrator

}

m* (mass flow rate)

Source: www.absoluteastronomy.com

Prototyping| Fabrication Progress
From Midterm Report| Initial Concept Design

Initial Concept Design

Project E5 | Handheld Flow Calibrator

Prototyping| Fabrication Progress
Final Protoboard Design

Project E5 | Handheld Flow Calibrator

Prototyping| Fabrication Progress
A Closer Look

Project E5 | Handheld Flow Calibrator

Prototyping | Fabrication Progress
SOFTWARE : OVERSAMPLING
Displays: • Average of 50 readings for noise reduction • Average of entire run for data analysis Using Method of Weighted Averages

Project E5 | Handheld Flow Calibrator

Experiment | Calibration Experimental Set-Up

Project E5 | Handheld Flow Calibrator

Experiment | Calibration Set-Up

Project E5 | Handheld Flow Calibrator

Experiment| Preliminary Tube Set-Up

Project E5 | Handheld Flow Calibrator

Experiment | Preliminary Calibrations
Volumetric Flow Rate: Calibration For Differential Pressure Sensor
DP: Calibration with Straight 17cm Tapered
VFR Theoretical
1200

Experimental Data with Gilibrator

Linear (VFR Theoretical)

Linear (Experimental Data with Gilibrator)

1000

y = 376.95x + 131.28 R² = 0.9976

800

600

y = 362.53x + 4E-13 R² = 1

400

200

0
0 1 1 2 2 3 3

Project E5 | Handheld Flow Calibrator

Source: I&EC Fundamentals, Vol 6 , No.4

Experiment | Preliminary Calibrations
Mass Flow Rate: Calibrating Mass Flow Sensor
Procedure 1.1 | Mass Flow Rate Sensor Calibration
JYM 3 2.5 2 y = 4E-09x3 - 7E-06x2 + 0.0059x + 0.4964 R² = 0.9997 DataSheet Poly. (JYM) Poly. (DataSheet)

Voltage (V)

1.5 1 y = 3E-09x3 - 7E-06x2 + 0.006x + 0.5005 R² = 1

0.5 0 0 200 400 600 800 1000 1200 Volumetric Flow Rate (ccm)

Project E5 | Handheld Flow Calibrator

Source: I&EC Fundamentals, Vol 6 , No.4

Experiment | Preliminary Calibrations
Mass Flow Rate: Calibrating Mass Flow Sensor
Mass Flow Rate Calibration
1200 1000 Flow Rate 800 600 400 200 0 1 2 3 4 Trial Set 5 6 7 JYMeter Gilibrator

Summary of Findings During Calibration • Offset due to the pump, not as efficient. • Temperature of the air changes.

Project E5 | Handheld Flow Calibrator

Source: I&EC Fundamentals, Vol 6 , No.4

Project Management & Work Schedule
Week 1 2 3 4 Projected Tasks from the Beginning Microcontrollers & Volumetric & Mass Flow Research Setting up the Arduino & Sensor Characteristic Research Numerical Analysis of Device Components (non-sensor related) Initial Concept Design & Sensor Integration Tasks Microcontrollers & Volumetric & Mass Flow Research Setting up the Arduino & Sensor Characteristic Research Numerical Analysis of Device Components (non-sensor related) Initial Concept Design & Sensor Integration

5

Prototyping Calibrator for Experimental Data Input/Output Programming
Functionality Testing Enclosure Integration Competitive Comparison with Gilibrator Altitude Testing Evaluation

Prototyping ((Received Basic Arduino Stuff + Windsesnor), Stock Room Shopping Trip #1
Prototyping (Waiting for Craig or order DP&Mass flow sensor) Prototyping / Craig asked for re-design of 10L/min. Prototyping (Waiting for McMaster Order), Stock Room Shopping Trip #2, Craig gave us Gilibrator, Began Calibration Test Run Prototyping (Waiting for Sparkfun & Digikey final order), Calibrated DP & Mass Flow, Fabrication All Connections Finish prototype + last calibration experiment + Enclosure

6 7 8

9 10

Project E5 | Handheld Flow Calibrator

Remaining Project Tasks
• •

1. Research

• Volumetric flow methods • Mass flow methods

2. Calculation & Engineering Design

Estimate the appropriate size materials Understanding resolutions and analog signals communication

1.
2.

3. Hardware & Fabrications

3. 4. 5. 6.

Integrate DP Sensor, Mass flow, Humidity Integrate Temp & Abs. Pressure Sensor Oversampling Programming Conditioning the tubes Finding appropriate Length Put everything into photoboard

4. Calibrate the calibrator

1L/Min Flow 1. Perform Procedures 1.1 & 1.2 (Basic Calibration) 1. DP 2. Mass Flow 3. Temperature, Humidity 4. Abs. Pressure

Project E5 | Handheld Flow Calibrator

THE END. Questions?
Assignments
Research • Hardware & Components - Jonathan • Mass Flow Methods - Mario • Volumetric Flow Methods – Yung Prototyping • Programming – Mario/Jonathan • Numerical Analysis – Yung • Circuit Set-Up – Mario/Jonathan • Fabrication – Team Calibration – Team • Gilibrator Operation • Data Analysis • Testing & Turning

Project E5 | Handheld Flow Calibrator