You are on page 1of 2

Section 6.

1
SOLUTION

Introduction to Linear Transformations

371

Using properties of definite integrals, you can write

#
#

b

T! p " q" !

$ p!x" " q!x"% dx

a
b

!

#

b

p!x" dx "

a

q!x" dx

a

! T! p" " T!q"
and

#

#

b

T!cp" !

b

c$ p!x"% dx ! c

a

p!x" dx ! cT! p".

a

So, T is a linear transformation.

SECTION 6.1 Exercises
In Exercises 1–8, use the function to find (a) the image of v and
(b) the preimage of w.
1. T!v1, v2 " ! !v1 " v2, v1 # v2 ", v ! !3, #4", w ! !3, 19"

11. T: R3 → R3, T!x, y, z" ! !x " y, x # y, z"
12. T: R3 → R3, T!x, y, z" ! !x " 1, y " 1, z " 1"
13. T: R2 → R3, T!x, y" ! !)x, xy, )y "

2. T!v1, v2 " ! !2v2 # v1, v1, v2 ", v ! !0, 6", w ! !3, 1, 2"

14. T: R2 → R3, T!x, y" ! !x2, xy, y2 "

3. T!v1, v2, v3" ! !v2 # v1, v1 " v2, 2v1", v ! !2, 3, 0",

15. T: M2,2 → R, T!A" ! A

w ! !#11, #1, 10"

16. T: M2,2 → R, T!A" ! a " b " c " d, where A !

4. T!v1, v2, v3" ! !2v1 " v2, 2v2 # 3v1, v1 # v3",
v ! !#4, 5, 1", w ! !4, 1, #1"
5. T!v1, v2, v3" ! !4v2 # v1, 4v1 " 5v2 ", v ! !2, #3, #1",
w ! !3, 9"
6. T!v1, v2, v3" ! !2v1 " v2, v1 # v2 ", v ! !2, 1, 4",
w ! !#1, 2"
7. T!v1, v2 " !

* 22 v #

)2

)

1

2

8. T!v1, v2 " !

*

+

v2, v1 " v2, 2v1 # v2 ,

v ! !1, 1", w ! !#5)2, #2, #16"
)3

+

1
v # v , v # v2, v2 ,
2 1 2 2 1

v ! !2, 4", w ! !)3, 2, 0"

In Exercises 9–22, determine whether the function is a linear
transformation.
9. T: R2 → R2, T!x, y" ! !x, 1"
10. T:

R2 → R2,

T!x, y" ! !

x2,

y"

((

&
&

&ac

'

b
.
d

'
'

0
17. T: M3,3 → M3,3, T!A" ! 0
1

0
1
0

1
0 A
0

1
18. T: M3,3 → M3,3, T!A" ! 0
0

0
1
0

0
0 A
#1

19. T: M2,2 → M2,2, T!A" ! AT
20. T: M2,2 → M2,2, T!A" ! A#1
21. T: P2 → P2, T!a0 " a1x " a2 x 2" !

!a0 " a1 " a2 " " !a1 " a2 "x " a2 x 2
22. T: P2 → P2, T!a0 " a1x " a2 x 2" ! a1 " 2a2 x
In Exercises 23–26, let T: R 3 → R 3 be a linear transformation
such that T!1, 0, 0" ! !2, 4, #1", T!0, 1, 0" ! !1, 3, #2", and
T!0, 0, 1" ! !0, #2, 2". Find
23. T!0, 3, #1".

24. T!2, #1, 0".

25. T!2, #4, 1".

26. T!#2, 4, #1".

0& and T%0. Calculus Let T be the linear transformation from P into R shown by ' 1 T % p& " p%x& dx. 28. 1. A " # 2 4 0 # # # 36. let Dx be the linear transformation from C$ (a. 39. 3& and (b) the preimage of %0. 1 T !" 0 0 1 1 !"!1 1 #$ 3 . !1&. T%x& " 1 # x. " " 0 31. A " "!1 2 44. 0& and (b) the preimage of %!1.2 into M2. 30. 1. 37. (b) T%4. 8&. and (c) T%5. For the linear transformation from Exercise 41. For the linear transformation from Exercise 34. 1. Let T be a linear transformation from R 2 into R 2 such that T%1. Decide whether each statement is true or false. 1 #$ " " 1 !1 . 0& " %1. 1& " %!1. and T%x2& " 1 # x # x2. 27. 2&. Let T be a linear transformation from P2 into P2 such that T%1& " x. 1& has no preimage under this transformation. 4& for % " 45&. 1&. 1. 0. !1&. Explain your reasoning. find (a) T%1. find the preimage of each function. Find T%1. 56. 4 # 0 #$ " " 1 0 2 . 1. 1& and T%0. T%2. Let T be the linear transformation from R 2 into R 2 represented by T%x. (c) Then explain why the vector %1. 1& " %1. 0. Let T be a linear transformation from M2. 2. 1&. (b) T%x3 ! x5&. A " 0 0 0 1 0 0 0 0 2 0 0 0 0 1 0 !1 0 " " 35. !1& " %0. T%2. and (c) T%4x ! 6&.2 such that T !" 0 1 0 0 T !" 1 0 0 0 Find T #$ " " 0 1 !1 . 40. y& " %x cos % ! y sin %. 1&. 53. T%!2. 1. 0&. !1&. 2. # !1 0 33. 52. find (a) T%1. 1&. 29. 0& for % " 120&. 38. find the polynomial function(s) of degree 2 or less such that T% p& " 1. 54. Find the preimage of 1. (b) the preimage of %1. 0&. 0& and T%1. and (c) the preimage of %0. 1& " %2. x sin % # y cos %&. !1. 1. Find (a) T%4. 2. 55. the linear transformation T: Rn → Rm is defined by T%v& " Av. Find In Exercises 43–46. For the linear transformation from Exercise 35. 0. 47. 2 # T !" 0 0 1 0 #$ " " 0 2 . find (a) T%1. 0. 1&. 0 Find (a) T%3x2 ! 2&. 1& and (b) the preimage of %1. Calculus Let T be the linear transformation from P2 into R represented by the integral in Exercise 51. f %x& " 2x # 1 48. Find T%2 ! 6x # x2&. Dx%e x # 2x& " Dx%e x & # 2Dx%x& In Exercises 31–35. let T: R 3 → R 3 be a linear transformation such that T%1. Dx cos $ x 1 " Dx%cos x& 2 2 Calculus In Exercises 47–50. T%0. 4& and (b) the preimage of %!1. That is. for the linear transformation from Example 10. A " !1 0 1 4 1 1 32. A " !2 !2 2 4 2 !2 5 3 1 0 1 2 0 1 2 3 !1 !1 0 34. Writing For the linear transformation from Exercise 32. f %x& " sin x 50. 3. Find T%1. 1. b) from Example 10. 1&. 1&. 0 3 # # . b) into C (a. 41. 2. 0&. For the linear transformation from Exercise 31. !1. !1. T%0. f %x& " e x 49. 2& " %!3. Dx%sin 2x& " 2Dx%sin x& ! 46. 42. find (a) T%2. and T%1.372 Chapter 6 Linear Transformations In Exercises 27–30. 4& for % " 30&. 0&. 2&. 1& " %1. Dx%x2 ! ln x& " Dx%x2& ! Dx%ln x& 45. Let T be a linear transformation from R 2 into R 2 such that T%1. For the linear transformation from Exercise 33. find (a) T%1. 1&. 4& and T%!2. f %x& " 1 x 51. 0&. 1. let % " 45& and find the preimage of v " %1. Find the dimensions of Rn and Rm. 0. 43.