A Geometry Data

:-
Height of Retaining wall from Top ground level to Top (h
1
) = 0.000 m
Height of Retaining wall from Formation Road Level to Top ground level (h
2
) = 1.000 m
Height of foundation from Formation Road Level (h
3
)or D = 1.000 m
Top head of retaining wall (B
t
) = 0.6 m
Bottom width of retaining wall (B
b
) = (For Initial section assume approx. ≈ 0.6H) 1.600 m
vehicle
70.632 KN
distance of Axle load from retaining wall top X 0.45 m
Φ = angle bet
n
resultant force and normal to failure plane/friction angle of soil 29
º
Unit weight of stone masonry wall (ϒ
s
) = 23.000
KN/m
3
Unit weight of soil (ϒ
so
) = 19.000
KN/m
3
Frictional coefficient μ = 0.550
WALL TYPE : - W2 Y
b
t
= 0.6 m
h
1
= 0.000 m
A
2
h
2
= 1.000 m H=h
1
+h
2
+h
3
= 2.000 m k
a
=(active earth pressure coefficient)
30/100

1
/
5

W =
56.488 KN
((A
1
x X
1)
+(A
2
x X
2)
+ (A
3
x X
3)
+(A
4
x X
4))/
Σ
A
n
P
a
=1/2 x P
a
x h
4
= 4.395 KNm
A
3
h
4
= H/3 = 0.667 m
h
3
= 1.000 0.400 0.6 0.600 m
A
1 '
X b
b
= 1.600 m
1/5
0.320 hv, m P
a
=K
p a
x ϒ
so
x H = 13.185
KN/m
2
Binclined
1.632 m
Active Soil pressure
Y
B Design parameters:-
Total Height of retaining wall H = h
1
+h
2
+h
3
= 2.000 m
m= 0.225
n= (assume multiple of 0.5) 4
m n Z = nH
σ
x
=1.77Q
p
m
2
n
2
/(H
2
(m
2
+n
2
)
3
for m>0.4 or
0.28Q
p
m
2
n
2
/(H
2
(0.16+n
2
)
3
for
m≤0.4
P
H
0.225 0.250 0.500 4.657 2.354
0.225 0.500 1.000 4.761 2.407
0.225 0.750 1.500 4.869 2.445
0.225 1.000 2.000 4.912
DESIGN OF STONE MASONRY RETAINING WALL
F
r
o
m

s
o
i
l

t
e
s
t

r
e
p
o
r
t
ΣP
H
= 7.207
Base length of triange A
1
= 0.400 m
Base length of triange A
3
= 0.600 m
Base length of triange A
4
= 0.064 m
Distance of CG of A
1
from X = X
1
0.267 m
Distance of CG of A
2
from X = X
2
0.700 m
Distance of CG of A
3
from X = X
1
1.200 m
Distance of CG of A
4
from X = X
4
1.067 m
Cross section of Stone masonry retaining wall (A
1
) = 0.400
m
2
Cross section of Stone masonry retaining wall (A
2
) = 1.200
m
2
Cross section of Stone masonry retaining wall (A
3
) = 0.600
m
2
Cross section of Stone masonry retaining wall (A
4
) = 0.256
m
2
Cross section of Stone masonry retaining wall (ΣA
n
) = 2.456
m
2
Weight of Stone masonry retaining wall (W) = 56.488 KN
height of line of action for lateral earth pressure (h
4
) = 0.667 m
Active earth pressure coeff. at base of wall (Kp
a
) = 0.347
distance of W from X = 0.790 m
7.207 KN
dist. of surcharge load from X=d = 0.59H for m ≤0.4 & 0.48H for m>0.4 1.180 m
Active earth pressure at base of wall Pa = K
pa
x ϒ
so
x H 13.185 KN/m
Moment due to surcharge Load @ X = PH x d Overturning Moment 8.504 KNm
Moment due to selfweight of wall @ X = W x X Resisting Moment 44.614 KNm
Moment due to active earth pressure @ X =1/2 x P
a
x h
4
Overturning Moment 4.395 KNm
C Check against overturning:- For FOS = 1.5
Sum of resisting moment = ΣM
res
44.614 KNm
Sum of Overturning moment = ΣM
yy

over
12.899 KNm
Factor of safety against Overturning (FOS
overturning
) = 3.459 OK
D Check againstg Sliding:- For FOS = 1.5
Frictional coefficient μ = 0.550
Resisting force against sliding (μW) = 31.068 KN
Sum of Sliding Forces ( Surcharge Load + Active earth pressure) = 20.392 KN
Factor of safety against Sliding (FOS sliding) = 31.068 / 20.392 1.524 OK
H
=Σ(σ
z-1

z
)/2 x Z
diff
4.500
4.550
4.600
4.650
4.700
4.750
4.800
4.850
4.900
4.950
1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 11 12 13 14
σ
x

|
|
.
|

\
|
+
÷
|
|
Sin
Sin
1
1
¿
+ + +
n
A
X A X A X A X A
4 4 3 3 2 2 1 1
A Geometry Data :-
Height of Retaining wall from Top ground level to Top (h
1
) = 0.000 m
Height of Retaining wall from Formation Road Level to Top ground level (h
2
) = 1.500 m
Height of foundation from Formation Road Level (h
3
)or D = 1.000 m
Top head of retaining wall (B
t
) = 0.6 m
Bottom width of retaining wall (B
b
) = (For Initial section assume approx. ≈ 0.6H) 1.800 m
vehicle
70.632 KN
distance of Axle load from retaining wall top X 0.45 m
Φ = angle bet
n
resultant force and normal to failure plane/friction angle of soil 29
º
Unit weight of stone masonry wall (ϒ
s
) = 23.000
KN/m
3
Unit weight of soil (ϒ
so
) = 19.000
KN/m
3
Frictional coefficient μ = 0.450
WALL TYPE : - W2 Y
b
t
= 0.6 m
h
1
= 0.000 m
A
2
h
2
= 1.500 m H=h
1
+h
2
+h
3
= 2.500 m k
a
=(active earth pressure coefficient)
28/100

1
/
5

W =
76.452 KN
((A
1
x X
1)
+(A
2
x X
2)
+ (A
3
x X
3)
+(A
4
x X
4))/
Σ
A
n
P
a
=1/2 x P
a
x h
4
= 6.867 KNm
A
3
h
4
= H/3 = 0.833 m
h
3
= 1.000 0.500 0.6 0.700 m
A
1 '
X b
b
= 1.800 m
1/5
0.360 hv, m P
a
=K
p a
x ϒ
so
x H = 16.481
KN/m
2
Binclined
1.836 m
Active Soil pressure
Y
B Design parameters:-
Total Height of retaining wall H = h
1
+h
2
+h
3
= 2.500 m
m= 0.180
n= (assume multiple of 0.5) 5
m n Z = nH
σ
x
=1.77Q
p
m
2
n
2
/(H
2
(m
2
+n
2
)
3
for m>0.4 or
0.28Q
p
m
2
n
2
/(H
2
(0.16+n
2
)
3
for
m≤0.4
P
H
0.180 0.200 0.500 3.002 1.502
0.180 0.400 1.000 3.006 1.522
0.180 0.600 1.500 3.081 1.551
0.180 0.800 2.000 3.124 1.567
0.180 1.000 2.500 3.144
DESIGN OF STONE MASONRY RETAINING WALL
F
r
o
m

s
o
i
l

t
e
s
t

r
e
p
o
r
t
ΣP
H
= 6.142
Base length of triange A
1
= 0.500 m
Base length of triange A
3
= 0.700 m
Base length of triange A
4
= 0.072 m
Distance of CG of A
1
from X = X
1
0.333 m
Distance of CG of A
2
from X = X
2
0.800 m
Distance of CG of A
3
from X = X
1
1.333 m
Distance of CG of A
4
from X = X
4
1.200 m
Cross section of Stone masonry retaining wall (A
1
) = 0.625
m
2
Cross section of Stone masonry retaining wall (A
2
) = 1.500
m
2
Cross section of Stone masonry retaining wall (A
3
) = 0.875
m
2
Cross section of Stone masonry retaining wall (A
4
) = 0.324
m
2
Cross section of Stone masonry retaining wall (ΣA
n
) = 3.324
m
2
Weight of Stone masonry retaining wall (W) = 76.452 KN
height of line of action for lateral earth pressure (h
4
) = 0.833 m
Active earth pressure coeff. at base of wall (Kp
a
) = 0.347
distance of W from X = 0.892 m
6.142 KN
dist. of surcharge load from X=d = 0.59H for m ≤0.4 & 0.48H for m>0.4 1.475 m
Active earth pressure at base of wall Pa = K
pa
x ϒ
so
x H 16.481 KN/m
Moment due to surcharge Load @ X = PH x d Overturning Moment 9.060 KNm
Moment due to selfweight of wall @ X = W x X Resisting Moment 68.167 KNm
Moment due to active earth pressure @ X =1/2 x P
a
x h
4
Overturning Moment 6.867 KNm
C Check against overturning:- For FOS = 1.5
Sum of resisting moment = ΣM
res
68.167 KNm
Sum of Overturning moment = ΣM
yy

over
15.927 KNm
Factor of safety against Overturning (FOS
overturning
) = 4.280 OK
D Check againstg Sliding:- For FOS = 1.5
Frictional coefficient μ = 0.450
Resisting force against sliding (μW) = 34.403 KN
Sum of Sliding Forces ( Surcharge Load + Active earth pressure) = 22.623 KN
Factor of safety against Sliding (FOS sliding) = 34.403 / 22.623 1.521 OK
H
=Σ(σ
z-1

z
)/2 x Z
diff
2.900
2.950
3.000
3.050
3.100
3.150
3.200
1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 11 12 13 14
σ
x

|
|
.
|

\
|
+
÷
|
|
Sin
Sin
1
1
¿
+ + +
n
A
X A X A X A X A
4 4 3 3 2 2 1 1
A Geometry Data :-
Height of Retaining wall from Top ground level to Top (h
1
) = 0.000 m
Height of Retaining wall from Formation Road Level to Top ground level (h
2
) = 2.000 m
Height of foundation from Formation Road Level (h
3
)or D = 1.000 m
Top head of retaining wall (B
t
) = 0.6 m
Bottom width of retaining wall (B
b
) = (For Initial section assume approx. ≈ 0.6H) 1.950 m
vehicle
70.632 KN
distance of Axle load from retaining wall top X 0.45 m
Φ = angle bet
n
resultant force and normal to failure plane/friction angle of soil 29
º
Unit weight of stone masonry wall (ϒ
s
) = 23.000
KN/m
3
Unit weight of soil (ϒ
so
) = 19.000
KN/m
3
Frictional coefficient μ = 0.450
WALL TYPE : - W2 Y
b
t
= 0.6 m
h
1
= 0.000 m
A
2
h
2
= 2.000 m H=h
1
+h
2
+h
3
= 3.000 m k
a
=(active earth pressure coefficient)
25/100

1
/
5

W =
96.721 KN
((A
1
x X
1)
+(A
2
x X
2)
+ (A
3
x X
3)
+(A
4
x X
4))/
Σ
A
n
P
a
=1/2 x P
a
x h
4
= 9.889 KNm
A
3
h
4
= H/3 = 1.000 m
h
3
= 1.000 0.600 0.6 0.750 m
A
1 '
X b
b
= 1.950 m
1/5
0.390 hv, m P
a
=K
p a
x ϒ
so
x H = 19.778
KN/m
2
Binclined
1.989 m
Active Soil pressure
Y
B Design parameters:-
Total Height of retaining wall H = h
1
+h
2
+h
3
= 3.000 m
m= 0.150
n= (assume multiple of 0.5) 6
m n Z = nH
σ
x
=1.77Q
p
m
2
n
2
/(H
2
(m
2
+n
2
)
3
for m>0.4 or
0.28Q
p
m
2
n
2
/(H
2
(0.16+n
2
)
3
for
m≤0.4
P
H
0.150 0.167 0.500 2.103 1.044
0.150 0.333 1.000 2.072 1.047
0.150 0.500 1.500 2.116 1.067
0.150 0.667 2.000 2.152 1.081
0.150 0.833 2.500 2.172 1.089
0.150 1.000 3.000 2.183
DESIGN OF STONE MASONRY RETAINING WALL
F
r
o
m

s
o
i
l

t
e
s
t

r
e
p
o
r
t
ΣP
H
= 5.328
Base length of triange A
1
= 0.600 m
Base length of triange A
3
= 0.750 m
Base length of triange A
4
= 0.078 m
Distance of CG of A
1
from X = X
1
0.400 m
Distance of CG of A
2
from X = X
2
0.900 m
Distance of CG of A
3
from X = X
1
1.450 m
Distance of CG of A
4
from X = X
4
1.300 m
Cross section of Stone masonry retaining wall (A
1
) = 0.900
m
2
Cross section of Stone masonry retaining wall (A
2
) = 1.800
m
2
Cross section of Stone masonry retaining wall (A
3
) = 1.125
m
2
Cross section of Stone masonry retaining wall (A
4
) = 0.380
m
2
Cross section of Stone masonry retaining wall (ΣA
n
) = 4.205
m
2
Weight of Stone masonry retaining wall (W) = 96.721 KN
height of line of action for lateral earth pressure (h
4
) = 1.000 m
Active earth pressure coeff. at base of wall (Kp
a
) = 0.347
distance of W from X = 0.976 m
5.328 KN
dist. of surcharge load from X=d = 0.59H for m ≤0.4 & 0.48H for m>0.4 1.770 m
Active earth pressure at base of wall Pa = K
pa
x ϒ
so
x H 19.778 KN/m
Moment due to surcharge Load @ X = PH x d Overturning Moment 9.430 KNm
Moment due to selfweight of wall @ X = W x X Resisting Moment 94.428 KNm
Moment due to active earth pressure @ X =1/2 x P
a
x h
4
Overturning Moment 9.889 KNm
C Check against overturning:- For FOS = 1.5
Sum of resisting moment = ΣM
res
94.428 KNm
Sum of Overturning moment = ΣM
yy

over
19.319 KNm
Factor of safety against Overturning (FOS
overturning
) = 4.888 OK
D Check againstg Sliding:- For FOS = 1.5
Frictional coefficient μ = 0.450
Resisting force against sliding (μW) = 43.524 KN
Sum of Sliding Forces ( Surcharge Load + Active earth pressure) = 25.105 KN
Factor of safety against Sliding (FOS sliding) = 43.524 / 25.105 1.734 OK
H
=Σ(σ
z-1

z
)/2 x Z
diff
2.000
2.020
2.040
2.060
2.080
2.100
2.120
2.140
2.160
2.180
2.200
1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 11 12 13 14
σ
x

|
|
.
|

\
|
+
÷
|
|
Sin
Sin
1
1
¿
+ + +
n
A
X A X A X A X A
4 4 3 3 2 2 1 1
A Geometry Data :-
Height of Retaining wall from Top ground level to Top (h
1
) = 0.000 m
Height of Retaining wall from Formation Road Level to Top ground level (h
2
) = 3.000 m
Height of foundation from Formation Road Level (h
3
)or D = 1.000 m
Top head of retaining wall (B
t
) = 0.6 m
Bottom width of retaining wall (B
b
) = (For Initial section assume approx. ≈ 0.6H) 2.000 m
vehicle
70.632 KN
distance of Axle load from retaining wall top X 0.45 m
Φ = angle bet
n
resultant force and normal to failure plane/friction angle of soil 29
º
Unit weight of stone masonry wall (ϒ
s
) = 23.000
KN/m
3
Unit weight of soil (ϒ
so
) = 19.000
KN/m
3
Frictional coefficient μ = 0.450
WALL TYPE : - W2 Y
b
t
= 0.6 m
h
1
= 0.000 m
A
2
h
2
= 3.000 m H=h
1
+h
2
+h
3
= 4.000 m k
a
=(active earth pressure coefficient)
15/100

1
/
5

W =
128.800 KN
((A
1
x X
1)
+(A
2
x X
2)
+ (A
3
x X
3)
+(A
4
x X
4))/
Σ
A
n
P
a
=1/2 x P
a
x h
4
= 17.580 KNm
A
3
h
4
= H/3 = 1.333 m
h
3
= 1.000 0.800 0.6 0.600 m
A
1 '
X b
b
= 2.000 m
1/5
0.400 hv,m P
a
=K
p a
x ϒ
so
x H = 26.370
KN/m
2
Binclined
2.04 m
Active Soil pressure
Y
B Design parameters:-
Total Height of retaining wall H = h
1
+h
2
+h
3
= 4.000 m
m= 0.113
n= (assume multiple of 0.5) 8
m n Z = nH
σ
x
=1.77Q
p
m
2
n
2
/(H
2
(m
2
+n
2
)
3
for m>0.4 or
0.28Q
p
m
2
n
2
/(H
2
(0.16+n
2
)
3
for
m≤0.4
P
H
0.113 0.125 0.500 1.200 0.591
0.113 0.250 1.000 1.164 0.584
0.113 0.375 1.500 1.171 0.590
0.113 0.500 2.000 1.190 0.599
0.113 0.625 2.500 1.206 0.606
0.113 0.750 3.000 1.217 0.610
0.113 0.875 3.500 1.224 0.613
0.113 1.000 4.000 1.228
DESIGN OF STONE MASONRY RETAINING WALL
F
r
o
m

s
o
i
l

t
e
s
t

r
e
p
o
r
t
ΣP
H
= 4.193
Base length of triange A
1
= 0.800 m
Base length of triange A
3
= 0.600 m
Base length of triange A
4
= 0.080 m
Distance of CG of A
1
from X = X
1
0.533 m
Distance of CG of A
2
from X = X
2
1.100 m
Distance of CG of A
3
from X = X
1
1.600 m
Distance of CG of A
4
from X = X
4
1.333 m
Cross section of Stone masonry retaining wall (A
1
) = 1.600
m
2
Cross section of Stone masonry retaining wall (A
2
) = 2.400
m
2
Cross section of Stone masonry retaining wall (A
3
) = 1.200
m
2
Cross section of Stone masonry retaining wall (A
4
) = 0.400
m
2
Cross section of Stone masonry retaining wall (ΣA
n
) = 5.600
m
2
Weight of Stone masonry retaining wall (W) = 128.800 KN
height of line of action for lateral earth pressure (h
4
) = 1.333 m
Active earth pressure coeff. at base of wall (Kp
a
) = 0.347
distance of W from X = 1.062 m
4.193 KN
dist. of surcharge load from X=d = 0.59H for m ≤0.4 & 0.48H for m>0.4 2.360 m
Active earth pressure at base of wall Pa = K
pa
x ϒ
so
x H 26.370 KN/m
Moment due to surcharge Load @ X = PH x d Overturning Moment 9.896 KNm
Moment due to selfweight of wall @ X = W x X Resisting Moment 136.773 KNm
Moment due to active earth pressure @ X =1/2 x P
a
x h
4
Overturning Moment 17.580 KNm
C Check against overturning:- For FOS = 1.75
Sum of resisting moment = ΣM
res
136.773 KNm
Sum of Overturning moment = ΣM
yy

over
27.476 KNm
Factor of safety against Overturning (FOS
overturning
) = 4.978 OK
D Check againstg Sliding:- For FOS = 1.75
Frictional coefficient μ = 0.450
Resisting force against sliding (μW) = 57.960 KN
Sum of Sliding Forces ( Surcharge Load + Active earth pressure) = 30.563 KN
Factor of safety against Sliding (FOS sliding) = 57.960 / 30.563 1.896 OK
H
=Σ(σ
z-1

z
)/2 x Z
diff
1.120
1.140
1.160
1.180
1.200
1.220
1.240
1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 11 12 13 14
σ
x

|
|
.
|

\
|
+
÷
|
|
Sin
Sin
1
1
¿
+ + +
n
A
X A X A X A X A
4 4 3 3 2 2 1 1
A Geometry Data :-
Height of Retaining wall from Top ground level to Top (h
1
) = 0.000 m
Height of Retaining wall from Formation Road Level to Top ground level (h
2
) = 4.000 m
Height of foundation from Formation Road Level (h
3
)or D = 1.000 m
Top head of retaining wall (B
t
) = 0.6 m
Bottom width of retaining wall (B
b
) = (For Initial section assume approx. ≈ 0.6H) 2.500 m
vehicle
70.632 KN
distance of Axle load from retaining wall top X 0.45 m
Φ = angle bet
n
resultant force and normal to failure plane/friction angle of soil 29
º
Unit weight of stone masonry wall (ϒ
s
) = 23.000
KN/m
3
Unit weight of soil (ϒ
so
) = 19.000
KN/m
3
Frictional coefficient μ = 0.450
WALL TYPE : - W2 Y
b
t
= 0.6 m
h
1
= 0.000 m
A
2
h
2
= 4.000 m H=h
1
+h
2
+h
3
= 5.000 m k
a
=(active earth pressure coefficient)
18/100

1
/
5

W =
192.625 KN
((A
1
x X
1)
+(A
2
x X
2)
+ (A
3
x X
3)
+(A
4
x X
4))/
Σ
A
n
P
a
=1/2 x P
a
x h
4
= 27.469 KNm
A
3
h
4
= H/3 = 1.667 m
h
3
= 1.000 1.000 0.6 0.900 m
A
1 '
X b
b
= 2.500 m
1/5
0.500 hv, m P
a
=K
p a
x ϒ
so
x H = 32.963
KN/m
2
Binclined
2.55 m
Active Soil pressure
Y
B Design parameters:-
Total Height of retaining wall H = h
1
+h
2
+h
3
= 5.000 m
m= 0.090
n= (assume multiple of 0.5) 10
m n Z = nH
σ
x
=1.77Q
p
m
2
n
2
/(H
2
(m
2
+n
2
)
3
for m>0.4 or
0.28Q
p
m
2
n
2
/(H
2
(0.16+n
2
)
3
for
m≤0.4
P
H
0.090 0.100 0.500 0.775 0.381
0.090 0.200 1.000 0.751 0.374
0.090 0.300 1.500 0.744 0.374
0.090 0.400 2.000 0.752 0.378
0.090 0.500 2.500 0.762 0.383
0.090 0.600 3.000 0.770 0.387
0.090 0.700 3.500 0.777 0.389
0.090 0.800 4.000 0.781 0.391
0.090 0.900 4.500 0.784 0.392
0.090 1.000 5.000 0.786
DESIGN OF STONE MASONRY RETAINING WALL
F
r
o
m

s
o
i
l

t
e
s
t

r
e
p
o
r
t
ΣP
H
= 3.450
Base length of triange A
1
= 1.000 m
Base length of triange A
3
= 0.900 m
Base length of triange A
4
= 0.100 m
Distance of CG of A
1
from X = X
1
0.667 m
Distance of CG of A
2
from X = X
2
1.300 m
Distance of CG of A
3
from X = X
1
1.900 m
Distance of CG of A
4
from X = X
4
1.667 m
Cross section of Stone masonry retaining wall (A
1
) = 2.500
m
2
Cross section of Stone masonry retaining wall (A
2
) = 3.000
m
2
Cross section of Stone masonry retaining wall (A
3
) = 2.250
m
2
Cross section of Stone masonry retaining wall (A
4
) = 0.625
m
2
Cross section of Stone masonry retaining wall (ΣA
n
) = 8.375
m
2
Weight of Stone masonry retaining wall (W) = 192.625 KN
height of line of action for lateral earth pressure (h
4
) = 1.667 m
Active earth pressure coeff. at base of wall (Kp
a
) = 0.347
distance of W from X = 1.300 m
3.450 KN
dist. of surcharge load from X=d = 0.59H for m ≤0.4 & 0.48H for m>0.4 2.950 m
Active earth pressure at base of wall Pa = K
pa
x ϒ
so
x H 32.963 KN/m
Moment due to surcharge Load @ X = PH x d Overturning Moment 10.178 KNm
Moment due to selfweight of wall @ X = W x X Resisting Moment 250.317 KNm
Moment due to active earth pressure @ X =1/2 x P
a
x h
4
Overturning Moment 27.469 KNm
C Check against overturning:- For FOS = 2.0
Sum of resisting moment = ΣM
res
250.317 KNm
Sum of Overturning moment = ΣM
yy

over
37.647 KNm
Factor of safety against Overturning (FOS
overturning
) = 6.649 OK
D Check againstg Sliding:- For FOS = 2.0
Frictional coefficient μ = 0.450
Resisting force against sliding (μW) = 86.681 KN
Sum of Sliding Forces ( Surcharge Load + Active earth pressure) = 36.413 KN
Factor of safety against Sliding (FOS sliding) = 86.681 / 36.413 2.381 OK
H
=Σ(σ
z-1

z
)/2 x Z
diff
0.720
0.730
0.740
0.750
0.760
0.770
0.780
0.790
1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 11 12 13 14
σ
x

|
|
.
|

\
|
+
÷
|
|
Sin
Sin
1
1
¿
+ + +
n
A
X A X A X A X A
4 4 3 3 2 2 1 1
A Geometry Data :-
Height of Retaining wall from Top ground level to Top (h
1
) = 0.000 m
Height of Retaining wall from Formation Road Level to Top ground level (h
2
) = 5.000 m
Height of foundation from Formation Road Level (h
3
)or D = 1.000 m
Top head of retaining wall (B
t
) = 0.6 m
Bottom width of retaining wall (B
b
) = (For Initial section assume approx. ≈ 0.6H) 3.000 m
vehicle
70.632 KN
distance of Axle load from retaining wall top X 0.45 m
Φ = angle bet
n
resultant force and normal to failure plane/friction angle of soil 30
º
Unit weight of stone masonry wall (ϒ
s
) = 23.000
KN/m
3
Unit weight of soil (ϒ
so
) = 20.000
KN/m
3
Frictional coefficient μ = 0.450
WALL TYPE : - W2 Y
b
t
= 0.6 m
h
1
= 0.000 m
A
2
h
2
= 5.000 m H=h
1
+h
2
+h
3
= 6.000 m k
a
=(active earth pressure coefficient)
20/100

1
/
5

W =
269.100 KN
((A
1
x X
1)
+(A
2
x X
2)
+ (A
3
x X
3)
+(A
4
x X
4))/
Σ
A
n
P
a
=1/2 x P
a
x h
4
= 40.000 KNm
A
3
h
4
= H/3 = 2.000 m
h
3
= 1.000 1.200 0.6 1.200 m
A
1 '
X b
b
= 3.000 m
1/5
0.600 hv, m P
a
=K
p a
x ϒ
so
x H = 40.000
KN/m
2
Binclined
3.059 m
Active Soil pressure
Y
B Design parameters:-
Total Height of retaining wall H = h
1
+h
2
+h
3
= 6.000 m
m= 0.075
n= (assume multiple of 0.5) 12
m n Z = nH
σ
x
=1.77Q
p
m
2
n
2
/(H
2
(m
2
+n
2
)
3
for m>0.4 or
0.28Q
p
m
2
n
2
/(H
2
(0.16+n
2
)
3
for
m≤0.4
P
H
0.075 0.083 0.500 0.541 0.267
0.075 0.167 1.000 0.526 0.261
0.075 0.250 1.500 0.517 0.259
0.075 0.333 2.000 0.518 0.260
0.075 0.417 2.500 0.523 0.263
0.075 0.500 3.000 0.529 0.266
0.075 0.583 3.500 0.534 0.268
0.075 0.667 4.000 0.538 0.270
0.075 0.750 4.500 0.541 0.271
0.075 0.833 5.000 0.543 0.272
0.075 0.917 5.500 0.545 0.273
0.075 1.000 6.000 0.546
DESIGN OF STONE MASONRY RETAINING WALL
F
r
o
m

s
o
i
l

t
e
s
t

r
e
p
o
r
t
ΣP
H
= 2.929
Base length of triange A
1
= 1.200 m
Base length of triange A
3
= 1.200 m
Base length of triange A
4
= 0.120 m
Distance of CG of A
1
from X = X
1
0.800 m
Distance of CG of A
2
from X = X
2
1.500 m
Distance of CG of A
3
from X = X
1
2.200 m
Distance of CG of A
4
from X = X
4
2.000 m
Cross section of Stone masonry retaining wall (A
1
) = 3.600
m
2
Cross section of Stone masonry retaining wall (A
2
) = 3.600
m
2
Cross section of Stone masonry retaining wall (A
3
) = 3.600
m
2
Cross section of Stone masonry retaining wall (A
4
) = 0.900
m
2
Cross section of Stone masonry retaining wall (ΣA
n
) = 11.700
m
2
Weight of Stone masonry retaining wall (W) = 269.100 KN
height of line of action for lateral earth pressure (h
4
) = 2.000 m
Active earth pressure coeff. at base of wall (Kp
a
) = 0.333
distance of W from X = 1.538 m
2.929 KN
dist. of surcharge load from X=d = 0.59H for m ≤0.4 & 0.48H for m>0.4 3.540 m
Active earth pressure at base of wall Pa = K
pa
x ϒ
so
x H 40.000 KN/m
Moment due to surcharge Load @ X = PH x d Overturning Moment 10.368 KNm
Moment due to selfweight of wall @ X = W x X Resisting Moment 414.000 KNm
Moment due to active earth pressure @ X =1/2 x P
a
x h
4
Overturning Moment 40.000 KNm
C Check against overturning:- For FOS = 2.5
Sum of resisting moment = ΣM
res
414.000 KNm
Sum of Overturning moment = ΣM
yy

over
50.368 KNm
Factor of safety against Overturning (FOS
overturning
) = 8.220 OK
D Check againstg Sliding:- For FOS = 2.5
Frictional coefficient μ = 0.450
Resisting force against sliding (μW) = 121.095 KN
Sum of Sliding Forces ( Surcharge Load + Active earth pressure) = 42.929 KN
Factor of safety against Sliding (FOS sliding) = 121.095 / 42.929 2.821 OK
H
=Σ(σ
z-1

z
)/2 x Z
diff
0.500
0.505
0.510
0.515
0.520
0.525
0.530
0.535
0.540
0.545
0.550
1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 11 12 13 14
σ
x

|
|
.
|

\
|
+
÷
|
|
Sin
Sin
1
1
¿
+ + +
n
A
X A X A X A X A
4 4 3 3 2 2 1 1
A Geometry Data :-
Height of Retaining wall from Top ground level to Top (h
1
) = 0.000 m
Height of Retaining wall from Formation Road Level to Top ground level (h
2
) = 6.000 m
Height of foundation from Formation Road Level (h
3
)or D = 1.000 m
Top head of retaining wall (B
t
) = 0.6 m
Bottom width of retaining wall (B
b
) = (For Initial section assume approx. ≈ 0.6H) 3.500 m
vehicle
70.632 KN
distance of Axle load from retaining wall top X 0.45 m
Φ = angle bet
n
resultant force and normal to failure plane/friction angle of soil 30
º
Unit weight of stone masonry wall (ϒ
s
) = 23.000
KN/m
3
Unit weight of soil (ϒ
so
) = 20.000
KN/m
3
Frictional coefficient μ = 0.450
WALL TYPE : - W2 Y
b
t
= 0.6 m
h
1
= 0.000 m
A
2
h
2
= 6.000 m H=h
1
+h
2
+h
3
= 7.000 m k
a
=(active earth pressure coefficient)
21/100

1
/
5

W =
358.225 KN
((A
1
x X
1)
+(A
2
x X
2)
+ (A
3
x X
3)
+(A
4
x X
4))/
Σ
A
n
P
a
=1/2 x P
a
x h
4
= 54.444 KNm
A
3
h
4
= H/3 = 2.333 m
h
3
= 1.000 1.400 0.6 1.500 m
A
1 '
X b
b
= 3.500 m
1/5
0.700 hv, m P
a
=K
p a
x ϒ
so
x H = 46.667
KN/m
2
B
inclined
3.569 m
Active Soil pressure
Y
B Design parameters:-
Total Height of retaining wall H = h
1
+h
2
+h
3
= 7.000 m
m= 0.064
n= (assume multiple of 0.5) 14
m n Z = nH
σ
x
=1.77Q
p
m
2
n
2
/(H
2
(m
2
+n
2
)
3
for m>0.4 or
0.28Q
p
m
2
n
2
/(H
2
(0.16+n
2
)
3
for
m≤0.4
P
H
0.064 0.071 0.500 0.399 0.197
0.064 0.143 1.000 0.389 0.193
0.064 0.214 1.500 0.382 0.190
0.064 0.286 2.000 0.380 0.190
0.064 0.357 2.500 0.381 0.192
0.064 0.429 3.000 0.385 0.193
0.064 0.500 3.500 0.389 0.195
0.064 0.571 4.000 0.392 0.197
0.064 0.643 4.500 0.395 0.198
0.064 0.714 5.000 0.397 0.199
0.064 0.786 5.500 0.398 0.199
0.064 0.857 6.000 0.399 0.200
0.064 0.929 6.500 0.400 0.200
0.064 1.000 7.000 0.401
DESIGN OF STONE MASONRY RETAINING WALL
F
r
o
m

s
o
i
l

t
e
s
t

r
e
p
o
r
t
ΣP
H
= 2.543
Base length of triange A
1
= 1.400 m
Base length of triange A
3
= 1.500 m
Base length of triange A
4
= 0.140 m
Distance of CG of A
1
from X = X
1
0.933 m
Distance of CG of A
2
from X = X
2
1.700 m
Distance of CG of A
3
from X = X
1
2.500 m
Distance of CG of A
4
from X = X
4
2.333 m
Cross section of Stone masonry retaining wall (A
1
) = 4.900
m
2
Cross section of Stone masonry retaining wall (A
2
) = 4.200
m
2
Cross section of Stone masonry retaining wall (A
3
) = 5.250
m
2
Cross section of Stone masonry retaining wall (A
4
) = 1.225
m
2
Cross section of Stone masonry retaining wall (ΣA
n
) = 15.575
m
2
Weight of Stone masonry retaining wall (W) = 358.225 KN
height of line of action for lateral earth pressure (h
4
) = 2.333 m
Active earth pressure coeff. at base of wall (Kp
a
) = 0.333
distance of W from X = 1.778 m
2.543 KN
dist. of surcharge load from X=d = 0.59H for m ≤0.4 & 0.48H for m>0.4 4.130 m
Active earth pressure at base of wall Pa = K
pa
x ϒ
so
x H 46.667 KN/m
Moment due to surcharge Load @ X = PH x d Overturning Moment 10.504 KNm
Moment due to selfweight of wall @ X = W x X Resisting Moment 637.023 KNm
Moment due to active earth pressure @ X =1/2 x P
a
x h
4
Overturning Moment 54.444 KNm
C Check against overturning:- For FOS = 2.5
Sum of resisting moment = ΣM
res
637.023 KNm
Sum of Overturning moment = ΣM
yy

over
64.948 KNm
Factor of safety against Overturning (FOS
overturning
) = 9.808 OK
D Check againstg Sliding:- For FOS = 2.5
Frictional coefficient μ = 0.450
Resisting force against sliding (μW) = 161.201 KN
Sum of Sliding Forces ( Surcharge Load + Active earth pressure) = 49.210 KN
Factor of safety against Sliding (FOS sliding) = 161.201 / 49.210 3.276 OK
H
=Σ(σ
z-1

z
)/2 x Z
diff
0.365
0.370
0.375
0.380
0.385
0.390
0.395
0.400
0.405
1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 11 12 13 14
σ
x

|
|
.
|

\
|
+
÷
|
|
Sin
Sin
1
1
¿
+ + +
n
A
X A X A X A X A
4 4 3 3 2 2 1 1
A Geometry Data :-
Height of Retaining wall from Top ground level to Top (h
1
) = 0.000 m
Height of Retaining wall from Formation Road Level to Top ground level (h
2
) = 7.000 m
Height of foundation from Formation Road Level (h
3
)or D = 1.000 m
Top head of retaining wall (B
t
) = 0.6 m
Bottom width of retaining wall (B
b
) = (For Initial section assume approx. ≈ 0.6H) 4.000 m
vehicle 70.632 KN
distance of Axle load from retaining wall top X 0.45 m
Φ = angle bet
n
resultant force and normal to failure plane/friction angle of soil 30
º
Unit weight of stone masonry wall (ϒ
s
) = 23.000
KN/m
3
Unit weight of soil (ϒ
so
) = 20.000
KN/m
3
Frictional coefficient μ = 0.450
WALL TYPE : - W2 Y
b
t
= 0.6 m
h
1
= 0.000 m
A
2
h
2
= 7.000 m H=h
1
+h
2
+h
3
= 8.000 m k
a
=(active earth pressure coefficient)
23/100

1
/
5

W =
460.000 KN
((A
1
x X
1)
+(A
2
x X
2)
+ (A
3
x X
3)
+(A
4
x X
4))/
Σ
A
n
P
a
=1/2 x P
a
x h
4
= 71.111 KNm
A
3
h
4
= H/3 = 2.667 m
h
3
= 1.000 1.600 0.6 1.800 m
A
1 '
X b
b
= 4.000 m
1/5
0.800 hv, m P
a
=K
p a
x ϒ
so
x H = 53.333
KN/m
2
B
inclined
4.079 m
Active Soil pressure
Y
B Design parameters:-
Total Height of retaining wall H = h
1
+h
2
+h
3
= 8.000 m
m= 0.056
n= (assume multiple of 0.5) 16
m n Z = nH
σ
x
=1.77Q
p
m
2
n
2
/(H
2
(m
2
+n
2
)
3
for m>0.4 or
0.28Q
p
m
2
n
2
/(H
2
(0.16+n
2
)
3
for
m≤0.4
P
H
0.056 0.063 0.500 0.306 0.152
0.056 0.125 1.000 0.300 0.148
0.056 0.188 1.500 0.294 0.146
0.056 0.250 2.000 0.291 0.146
0.056 0.313 2.500 0.291 0.146
0.056 0.375 3.000 0.293 0.147
0.056 0.438 3.500 0.295 0.148
0.056 0.500 4.000 0.298 0.149
0.056 0.563 4.500 0.300 0.150
0.056 0.625 5.000 0.302 0.151
0.056 0.688 5.500 0.303 0.152
0.056 0.750 6.000 0.304 0.152
0.056 0.813 6.500 0.305 0.153
0.056 0.875 7.000 0.306 0.153
0.056 0.938 7.500 0.307 0.153
0.056 1.000 8.000 0.307
DESIGN OF STONE MASONRY RETAINING WALL
F
r
o
m

s
o
i
l

t
e
s
t

r
e
p
o
r
t
ΣP
H
= 2.247
Base length of triange A
1
= 1.600 m
Base length of triange A
3
= 1.800 m
Base length of triange A
4
= 0.160 m
Distance of CG of A
1
from X = X
1 1.067 m
Distance of CG of A
2
from X = X
2 1.900 m
Distance of CG of A
3
from X = X
1 2.800 m
Distance of CG of A
4
from X = X
4 2.667 m
Cross section of Stone masonry retaining wall (A
1
) = 6.400
m
2
Cross section of Stone masonry retaining wall (A
2
) = 4.800
m
2
Cross section of Stone masonry retaining wall (A
3
) = 7.200
m
2
Cross section of Stone masonry retaining wall (A
4
) = 1.600
m
2
Cross section of Stone masonry retaining wall (ΣA
n
) = 20.000
m
2
Weight of Stone masonry retaining wall (W) = 460.000 KN
height of line of action for lateral earth pressure (h
4
) = 2.667 m
Active earth pressure coeff. at base of wall (Kp
a
) = 0.333
distance of W from X = 2.019 m
2.247 KN
dist. of surcharge load from X=d = 0.59H for m ≤0.4 & 0.48H for m>0.4 4.720 m
Active earth pressure at base of wall Pa = K
pa
x ϒ
so
x H 53.333 KN/m
Moment due to surcharge Load @ X = PH x d Overturning Moment 10.607 KNm
Moment due to selfweight of wall @ X = W x X Resisting Moment 928.587 KNm
Moment due to active earth pressure @ X =1/2 x P
a
x h
4 Overturning Moment 71.111 KNm
C Check against overturning:- For FOS = 2.75
Sum of resisting moment = ΣM
res 928.587 KNm
Sum of Overturning moment = ΣM
yy

over 81.718 KNm
Factor of safety against Overturning (FOS
overturning
) = 11.363 OK
D Check againstg Sliding:- For FOS = 2.75
Frictional coefficient μ = 0.450
Resisting force against sliding (μW) = 207.000 KN
Sum of Sliding Forces ( Surcharge Load + Active earth pressure) = 55.580 KN
Factor of safety against Sliding (FOS sliding) = 207.000 / 55.580 3.724 OK
H
=Σ(σ
z-1

z
)/2 x Z
diff
0.280
0.285
0.290
0.295
0.300
0.305
0.310
1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 11 12 13 14 15 16
σ
x

|
|
.
|

\
|
+
÷
|
|
Sin
Sin
1
1
¿
+ + +
n
A
X A X A X A X A
4 4 3 3 2 2 1 1
A Geometry Data :-
Height of Retaining wall from Top ground level to Top (h
1
) = 0.000 m
Height of Retaining wall from Formation Road Level to Top ground level (h
2
) = 8.000 m
Height of foundation from Formation Road Level (h
3
)or D = 1.000 m
Top head of retaining wall (B
t
) = 0.6 m
Bottom width of retaining wall (B
b
) = (For Initial section assume approx. ≈ 0.6H) 4.500 m
vehicle 70.632 KN
distance of Axle load from retaining wall top X 0.45 m
Φ = angle bet
n
resultant force and normal to failure plane/friction angle of soil 30
º
Unit weight of stone masonry wall (ϒ
s
) = 23.000
KN/m
3
Unit weight of soil (ϒ
so
) = 20.000
KN/m
3
Frictional coefficient μ = 0.450
WALL TYPE : - W2 Y
b
t
= 0.6 m
h
1
= 0.000 m
A
2
h
2
= 8.000 m H=h
1
+h
2
+h
3
= 9.000 m k
a
=(active earth pressure coefficient)
23/100

1
/
5

W =
574.425 KN
((A
1
x X
1)
+(A
2
x X
2)
+ (A
3
x X
3)
+(A
4
x X
4))/
Σ
A
n
P
a
=1/2 x P
a
x h
4
= 90.000 KNm
A
3
h
4
= H/3 = 3.000 m
h
3
= 1.000 1.800 0.6 2.100 m
A
1 '
X b
b
= 4.500 m
1/5
0.900 hv, m P
a
=K
p a
x ϒ
so
x H = 60.000
KN/m
2
B
inclined
4.589 m
Active Soil pressure
Y
B Design parameters:-
Total Height of retaining wall H = h
1
+h
2
+h
3
= 9.000 m
m= 0.050
n= (assume multiple of 0.5) 18
m n Z = nH
σ
x
=1.77Q
p
m
2
n
2
/(H
2
(m
2
+n
2
)
3
for m>0.4 or
0.28Q
p
m
2
n
2
/(H
2
(0.16+n
2
)
3
for
m≤0.4
P
H
0.050 0.056 0.500 0.242 0.120
0.050 0.111 1.000 0.238 0.118
0.050 0.167 1.500 0.234 0.116
0.050 0.222 2.000 0.231 0.115
0.050 0.278 2.500 0.230 0.115
0.050 0.333 3.000 0.230 0.115
0.050 0.389 3.500 0.232 0.116
0.050 0.444 4.000 0.233 0.117
0.050 0.500 4.500 0.235 0.118
0.050 0.556 5.000 0.237 0.119
0.050 0.611 5.500 0.238 0.119
0.050 0.667 6.000 0.239 0.120
0.050 0.722 6.500 0.240 0.120
0.050 0.778 7.000 0.241 0.121
0.050 0.833 7.500 0.241 0.121
0.050 0.889 8.000 0.242 0.121
0.050 0.944 8.500 0.242 0.121
DESIGN OF STONE MASONRY RETAINING WALL
F
r
o
m

s
o
i
l

t
e
s
t

r
e
p
o
r
t
0.050 1.000 9.000 0.243
ΣP
H
= 2.013
Base length of triange A
1
= 1.800 m
Base length of triange A
3
= 2.100 m
Base length of triange A
4
= 0.180 m
Distance of CG of A
1
from X = X
1 1.200 m
Distance of CG of A
2
from X = X
2 2.100 m
Distance of CG of A
3
from X = X
1 3.100 m
Distance of CG of A
4
from X = X
4 3.000 m
Cross section of Stone masonry retaining wall (A
1
) = 8.100
m
2
Cross section of Stone masonry retaining wall (A
2
) = 5.400
m
2
Cross section of Stone masonry retaining wall (A
3
) = 9.450
m
2
Cross section of Stone masonry retaining wall (A
4
) = 2.025
m
2
Cross section of Stone masonry retaining wall (ΣA
n
) = 24.975
m
2
Weight of Stone masonry retaining wall (W) = 574.425 KN
height of line of action for lateral earth pressure (h
4
) = 3.000 m
Active earth pressure coeff. at base of wall (Kp
a
) = 0.333
distance of W from X = 2.259 m
2.013 KN
dist. of surcharge load from X=d = 0.59H for m ≤0.4 & 0.48H for m>0.4 5.310 m
Active earth pressure at base of wall Pa = K
pa
x ϒ
so
x H 60.000 KN/m
Moment due to surcharge Load @ X = PH x d Overturning Moment 10.687 KNm
Moment due to selfweight of wall @ X = W x X Resisting Moment 1297.890 KNm
Moment due to active earth pressure @ X =1/2 x P
a
x h
4 Overturning Moment 90.000 KNm
C Check against overturning:- For FOS = 2.75
Sum of resisting moment = ΣM
res 1297.890 KNm
Sum of Overturning moment = ΣM
yy

over 100.687 KNm
Factor of safety against Overturning (FOS
overturning
) = 12.890 OK
D Check againstg Sliding:- For FOS = 2.75
Frictional coefficient μ = 0.450
Resisting force against sliding (μW) = 258.491 KN
Sum of Sliding Forces ( Surcharge Load + Active earth pressure) = 62.013 KN
Factor of safety against Sliding (FOS sliding) = 258.491 / 62.013 4.168 OK
H
=Σ(σ
z-1

z
)/2 x Z
diff
0.220
0.225
0.230
0.235
0.240
0.245
1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 11 12 13 14 15 16 17 18
σ
x

|
|
.
|

\
|
+
÷
|
|
Sin
Sin
1
1
¿
+ + +
n
A
X A X A X A X A
4 4 3 3 2 2 1 1
H m B
t
m B
b
m B
inclined
m h
v
m Outward slope back slope
2.000 0.600 1.600 1.632 0.320 1/5 3/10
2.500 0.600 1.800 1.836 0.360 1/5 7/25
3.000 0.600 1.950 1.989 0.390 1/5 1/4
4.000 0.600 2.000 2.040 0.400 1/5 3/20
5.000 0.600 2.500 2.550 0.500 1/5 9/50
6.000 0.600 3.000 3.059 0.600 1/5 1/5
7.000 0.600 3.500 3.569 0.700 1/5 3/14
8.000 0.600 4.000 4.079 0.800 1/5 9/40
9.000 0.600 4.500 4.589 0.900 1/5 7/30
B
t
H
1m B
b
h
v
Typical diagram with Stone masonry wall geometry
Cross Section area m
2
2.456
3.324
4.205
5.600
8.375
11.700
15.575
20.000
24.975