# Fistly I would like to tell u STAAD is not a powerful package for finite element analysis..

ANSYS software is a much better software for FEA..But this software is not user friendly because of its poor GUI(graphical user interface) and suited for academic purpose … Inspite of so much limitation of FEA in STAAD industry adopts it because it is user friendly and speedy…other good FEA packages are LS DYNA and ABACUS.

Modelling. 1)Always connect plate in anticlockwise direction and this should be common to all plates.To see this go to “label” where u have plate orientation command.. 2)Always check that the connection between members and plates should be node to node…which is the basic principal of Finite element. To ensure this after modeling go to pull down menu in STAAD and check a)Improper connected plate b)overlapping plate c)Check beam to plate connectivity 3)Dicretization of plate..please mesh element of smaller size ..dont use 1m x1m or 2 mx2m element size

Output

Refer Figure 1.18 of STAAD technical manual..I have attached the document.This are the output which we get after plate analysis.Figure 1.19, 1.2, 1.21 ,1.22 ,1.23 ,1.24 & 1.25 explains these output graphically.

In case of plate result interpretation note that MX is along X direction and MY is along Z direction.SQX SQY MX MY MXY SX SY SXY VONT VONB SMAX SMIN TMAX =Shear stress on the local X face in the Z direction =Shear stress on the local Y face in the Z direction =Moment per unit width about the local X face =Moment per unit width about the local Y face =Torsional Moment per unit width in the local X-Y plane =Axial stress in the local X direction =Axial stress in the local Y direction =Shear stress in the local XY plane =Von Mises stress on the top surface of the element =Von Mises stress on the bottom surface of the element =Maximum in-plane Principal stress =Minimum in-plane Principal stress =Maximum in-plane Shear stress Generally after the analysis u will find that SQX..MX . .MY and MXY are governing. 2)Area of steel from shear criteria.this is opposite to what we have for beam members…where MX is about X and MY is about Y… If you feel that ur structure is going to experience good amount of torsion…then the MXY becomes very important… Calculation 1)Area of steel from bending moment criteria Design the section for MX and MY using SP16.SQY.

then design moment Mxd=0 & Myd=My2 .. TOP REINFORCEMENT CALCULATION Mx1 = Mx + abs(Mxy) My1 = My + abs(Mxy) Mx2 = Mx + abs(Mxy2/My) My2 = My + abs(Mxy2/Mx) CONDITION: 1 If both Mx1 and My1 are positive. Now if torsion guides….abs(Mxy2/My) My2 = My .abs(Mxy2/Mx) CONDITION: 1 If both Mx1 and My1 are positive.. then design moment Mxd=0 & Myd=0 3 If Mx1 is negative My1 is positive.area of steel will be calculated based on combination of moment MX ..MY and MXY. then design moment Mxd=Mx2 & Myd=0 BOTTOM REINFORCEMENT CALCULATION Mx1 = Mx .This combination is called wood and armer combination. then design moment Mxd=Mx1 & Myd=My1 2 If both Mx1 and My1 are negative..Please note here STAAD directly gives the shear stress. then design moment Mxd=Mx2 & Myd=0 4 If My1 is negative Mx1 is positive.Please note this are only way shear so u can take this value at a distance d from face of column/wall.that u have to do manually.abs(Mxy) My1 = My .STAAD does not do any calculation for two way shear. then design moment Mxd=0 & Myd=0 2 If both Mx1 and My1 are negative.abs(Mxy) Mx2 = Mx . then design moment Mxd=Mx1 & Myd=My1 3 If Mx1 is negative My1 is positive.. then design moment Mxd=0 & Myd=My2 4 If My1 is negative Mx1 is positive. Wood and armer combination.U can refer SP16 (page 178) and provide shear reinforcement.