# 1

Section A
[60 marks]
1.

Diagram 1 shows a bag of cement of mass 35 kg on a ramp with 15⁰ slopes to horizontal.
Frictional force exerted between the bag and the ramp is 90.6 N.

Ramp

Diagram 1
(a)

What is meant by frictional force?
_________________________________________________________________
[1 mark]

(b)

Calculate the resultant force parallel to the ramp.

[2 marks]
(c)

Based on your answer in (b), explain what happens to the motion of the bag of
cement?
_________________________________________________________________
_________________________________________________________________
[2 marks]

4531

2 2. What is the length of the spring if a load with mass 500g is attached to the spring? [3 marks] 4531 . what will happen to the energy in 2a(ii)? _____________________________________________________________ [1 mark] (b) The initial length of a spring is 15 cm. When a load with mass 300 g is attached to the spring. (i) What happen to the length of the spring? _____________________________________________________________ [1 mark] (ii) What is the energy stored in the spring? _____________________________________________________________ [1 mark] (iii) If the number of load is increased. Diagram 2 shows a spring. the length of the spring is 21 cm. Diagram 2 (a) When a load is attached to the spring .

Suggest modifications to be done based on the characteristics given below. Diagram 3.3 (c) The spring in Diagram 2 is not suitable to be used as a spring cradle.2 show two balloons A and B exerted with the same force.1 and Diagram 3.2.1 (a) Diagram 3.2 What is meant by pressure? _________________________________________________________________ [1 mark] (b) Based on Diagram 3. (i) Which balloon will burst easily? _____________________________________________________________ [1 mark] 4531 .1 and Diagram 3. needle Finger Diagram 3. (i) Arrangement of the springs _____________________________________________________________ [1 mark] (ii) Reason _____________________________________________________________ [1 mark] (iii) Stiffness of the spring _____________________________________________________________ [1 mark] (iv) Reason _____________________________________________________________ [1 mark] 3.

4 (ii) Compare the pressure exerted to the balloon _____________________________________________________________ [1 mark] (iii) Compare the surface area of finger and needle which in contact with the balloon. A force of 100 N is applied on the small piston. _________________________________________________________________ [1 mark] 4531 . Force 100 N Diagram 4 (a) Name the physics principle involved. _____________________________________________________________ [1 mark] (iv) Relate the pressure exerted on the balloon with the surface area _____________________________________________________________ [1 mark] (v) What happens to the pressure on the balloon if force exerted is increased? _____________________________________________________________ [1 mark] (c) State the physics concept involved _________________________________________________________________ [1 mark] 4. Diagram 4 shows hydraulic oil trapped between two pistons of different areas.

[2 marks] (c) (i) The pressure is transmitted equally to the large piston. the reading is 2. [2 marks] 5.0 N.5 N. Diagram 5(a) (a) Diagram 5(b) What is meant by weight? _________________________________________________________________ [1 mark] 4531 .5 (b) Calculate the pressure produced by the small piston. When the stone is immersed in water. what is the change to the force produced on the large piston? _____________________________________________________________ [1 mark] (ii) Calculate the force produced on the large piston. Diagram 5(a) shows a stone hanging from a spring balance. The reading of the spring balance is 3. as shown in Diagram 5(b).

given that the density of water. Diagram 6. Diagram 6. Name the force.6 (b) What is the weight of the object? _________________________________________________________________ [1 mark] (c) Another force.1 shows a concrete water tank filled with water. F (ii) volume of the object.1 (a) State a factor that affects the water pressure in the tank.  1000 kg m 3 [3 marks] 6. _________________________________________________________________ [1 mark] (d) Calculate the (i) magnitude of the force. _________________________________________________________________ [1 mark] 4531 . F is acting on the object in Diagram 5(b).

Explain why the supply stops? _____________________________________________________________ ___________________________________________________________ [2 marks] (d) Suggest two modifications that can be done to ensure the water flow continously to the house water tank.2 (i) What is the factor that causes the water to flow from the concrete tank to the water tank in the house? _____________________________________________________________ [1 mark] (ii) The flow of water from the concrete tank to the house will stop at level P.7 (b) (i) Compare the water pressure at P and Q _____________________________________________________________ [1 mark] (ii) Calculate the water pressure at Q. (Density of water = 1000 kg m-3) [2 marks] (c) Diagram 6.2 shows water flows from the concrete tank to the house water tank. Diagram 6. _________________________________________________________________ ________________________________________________________________ [2 marks] 4531 .

The depth. A manometer is connected to the thistle funnel using rubber tube.8 7.1 and Diagram 7. (i) Compare h1 and h2 _____________________________________________________________ [1 mark] (ii) Compare the difference in height of the water level in the manometer. h1 and h2 are measured from the surface of the liquid P to the rubber sheet. _____________________________________________________________ [1 mark] (iv) Relate the answers in 7(b) (i) and 7(b) (ii).8 g cm-3.1 and Diagram 7. _____________________________________________________________ [1 mark] 4531 . _____________________________________________________________ [1 mark] (iii) Name the physical quantity that represents the difference in height of the water in manometer.2 show two identical thistle funnels that are covered with rubber sheets and are immersed in measuring cylinders filled with liquid P which density is 0.2. Diagram 7. h2 Diagram 5(a) (a) Diagram 5(b) State the function of manometer? _________________________________________________________________ [1 mark] (b) Observe Diagram 7.

_____________________________________________________________ [1 mark] (c) Liquid P with density 0. The crosssectional area of the main brake cylinder. _________________________________________________________________ _________________________________________________________________ _________________________________________________________________ [2 marks] 8 Diagram 8 shows the arrangement of the hydraulic brake system of a car. 6.2 is then replaced by liquid Q with density 1. the front brake cylinder and the rear brake cylinder are 5 x 10-4 m2.0 x 10-4 m2 and 5. Front wheel brake Rear wheel brake Brake pedal Piston Main cylinder Brake fluid Brake shoe Piston Cylinder Diagram 8 The car brake system works based on the principle of pressure transferring in liquid.9 (v) Relate the depth of the liquid and the physical quantity in 7(b) (iii). (i) 4531 On Diagram 8 indicate with arrow the motion direction of the brake liquid [2 marks] .0 g cm-3.8 g cm-3 in Diagram 7. (a) The brake pedal is pressed with a constant force of 30 N.5 x 10-4 m2 respectively. Predict what will happen to the difference in height of the water in manometer and give your reason.

[2 marks] (iv) Calculate the output force exerted by each rear brake system. _________________________________________________________________ _________________________________________________________________ [2 marks] 4531 .10 (ii) State the relationship between the liquid pressure in the front brake cylinder and the rear brake cylinder. [2 marks] (b) Explain why a larger force is applied to the front brake piston compared to the rear brake piston. _____________________________________________________________ _____________________________________________________________ [1 mark] (iii) Calculate the pressure exerted on each rear brake system.

70 0.60 0. [4 marks] 4531 .6 C 50 1. A basic physical fitness test was carried out and the results based on certain characteristics are as shown in table 9.1. Choose which student will be in the basketball team and explain your choice. You are a coach responsible to choose a student to join the school basketball team.11 Section B [20 marks] Answer any one question from this section.1 (a) What is meant by power? [1 mark] (b) Based on table 9. [10 marks] (c) When a 100 m runner reached the finish line.5 D 60 1.4 Table 9.1. Characteristics Mass Height Responding Power (Time taken Time taken (kg) (m) Time (s) to transfer 50 to complete bricks to a distance 100m run of 5m) (s) Students A 70 1.2 E 40 1. explain the suitable characteristics of the student to be in the basketball team.05 2 minutes 11.01 4 minutes 11.40 0.0 B 65 1.01 2 minutes 10.04 1 minutes 12. 9.20 3 minutes 10. Explain the situation using the appropriate physics concept.30 0.50 0. the runner stopped suddenly and fell on the ground.

Diagram 10.1 (a) (i) State Archimedes’ principle. [5 marks] 10.0 14. Diagram 10. Data obtained for the two students are as shown by table 9.0 Student 2 60. The weather balloon rises up in the air due to Archimedes’ Principle.12 (d) Two students were asked to run up the stairs to the top floor of a 10 m building.2 Calculate power of each student and determine which student has the highest power. Mass / kg Time / s Student 1 55.1 shows the air balloon which is used as a weather balloon to carry a radiosonde instrument for collecting data about the atmosphere.0 12. [1 mark] 4531 .0 Table 9.2.

P. [Density of sea water is 1020 kg m-3] (ii) A heavy box is put on the boat.13 (ii) Explain why a weather balloon that is rising up in the air will stop at certain altitude. - The material used to build the body of the boat - The volume of the boat - The distance of the Plimsoll line from the surface of the sea.0 m3. R and S. Calculate the buoyant force exerted to the boat. Study the specifications of all the four boats from the following aspects. Q. [5 marks] (c) Diagram 10. with different specifications. determine the most suitable boat to carry heavy load and move with high speed. Justify your choice. - The size of the propeller Explain the suitability of the above aspects and hence. Calculate the maximum weight of the box so that the boat will not sink completely. [4 marks] (b) (i) The weight of a boat is 15 000 N and the volume of the immersed portion of the boat is 5. [10 marks] 4531 .2 shows four boats. move with high speed and safe. You are required to determine the most suitable boat that can carry many passengers.

2 4531 .14 P Q R S Diagram 10.