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For an ordinance to be valid, it must not only be within the corporate power of the city or municipality to enact but

must also be passed according to the procedure prescribed by la. It must be in accordance with certain well established basic principles of substantive nature. These principles require that an ordinance(1) must not contravene the Const or any statute (2) must not be unfair or oppressive(3) must not be partial or discriminatory (4) must not prohibit regular trade (5) must be general and consistent with pub policy and (6) must not be unreasonable. Mandatory committees(1)appropriations(2)women&fam(3)youth&sports dev(4)environmental protection (5)cooperatives Quorum is the fixed number of members present at a session which is considered legally sufficient to transact the business of the sanggunian even if other members are absent.Normally, a quorum is determined by simply dividing the number of the members into two and adding one to the dividend. Simply put, there is a quorum if one half of the members plus one are present at a sanggunian session. Every ordinance enacted by the sanggunian shall be presented to gover or mayor, as the case may be. If the local chief exec concerned approves the same, he shall fix his signature on each and every page thereof; otherwise, he shall veto it and return the same with his objections to the sanggunina, which may proceed to reconsider the same. The sanggunian concerned may override the veto of the local chief exec by 2/3 vote of all its members, thereby making the ordinance or resolution effective for all legal intents and purposes The veto shall be communicated by the local chief exec concerned to the sanggunian within 15 days in the case of province, and 10 days in the case of a city or a municipality, otherwise the ordinance shall be deemed approved as if he signed it. Grounds for veto:(a) the ordinance or parts thereof are ultra vires(b)the ordinances or parts thereof are prejudicaila to the public welfare…ultra vires means that the ordinances or parts thereof are beyond the power of the sanggunian to enact. Ordinance vs reso. An ordinance is a law, but a reso is merely a declaration of the sentiment or opinion of lawmaking body on a specific matter. An ordinance possesses a general and permanent in chac, but a reso is temporary in nature.Additionaly, the two are enacted differently, a third reading is necessary for an ordinance, but not for a reso, unless decided otherwise by a majority of the sang members. SEC. 60. Grounds for Disciplinary Actions. - An elective local official may be disciplined, suspended, or removed from office on any of the following grounds:chanroblesvirtuallawlibrary (a) Disloyalty to the Republic of the Philippines; (b) Culpable violation of the Constitution; (c) Dishonesty, oppression, misconduct in office, gross negligence, or dereliction of duty; (d) Commission of any offense involving moral turpitude or an offense punishable by at least prision mayor; (e) Abuse of authority; (f) Unauthorized absence for fifteen (15) consecutive working days, except in the case of members of the sangguniang panlalawigan, sangguniang panlungsod, sangguniang bayan, and sangguniang barangay; (g) Application for, or acquisition of, foreign citizenship or residence or the status of an immigrant of another country; and cralaw (h) Such other grounds as may be provided in this Code and other laws. An elective local official may be removed from office on the grounds enumerated above by order of the proper court.crala SEC. 61. Form and Filing of Administrative Complaints. - A verified complaint against any erring local elective official shall be prepared as follows:chanrobles virtual law library (a) A complaint against any elective official of a province, a highly urbanized city, an independent component city or component city shall be filed before the Office of the President; (b) A complaint against any elective official of a municipality shall be filed before the sangguniang panlalaw igan whose decision may be appealed to the Office of the President; and cralaw (c) A complaint against any elective barangay official shall be filed before the sangguniang panlungsod or sangguniang bayan concerned whose decision shall be final and executory. Doctrine of qualified political agency-the members of the cabiner may act for and in behalf of the president in certain matters bec the pres cannot be expected to exercise his contral powers personally and all at the same time. He may therefore have to delegate some of his powers to cabinet members except when he is required by the constitution or law to act in person or the exigencies of the situation demand that he acts personally cralaw

Preventive suspension may be imposed at any time after the issues are joined, when the evidence of guilt is strong, and given the gravity of the offense, there is great probability that the continuance in office of the respondent could influence the witnesses or pose a threat to the safety and integrity of the records and other evidence: Provided, That, any single preventive suspension of local elective fficials shall not extend beyond sixty (60) days: Provided, further, That in the event that several administrative cases are filed against an elective official, he cannot be preventively suspended for more than ninety (90) days within a single year on the same ground or grounds existing and known at the time of the first suspension.cralaw

shall be entitled to be voted upon. Election on Recall. and in a public place in the province. (3) Legislative District level. and in cases where sangguniang panlungsod members are elected by district. and municipality which shall be composed of the following:chanrobles virtual law library (1) Provincial level. By Whom Exercised. city. city. or barangay. Recall of provincial. . city. and in the presence of a representative of the petitioner and a representative of the official sought to be recalled.SEC. 71. 70. and forty-five (45) days in the case of provincial officials. vice-mayors. .Upon the filing of a valid resolution or petition for recall with the appropriate local office of the Comelec. the Commission or its duly authorized representative shall set the date of the election on recall. The Comelec or its duly authorized representative shall cause the publication of the petition in a public and conspicuous place for a period of not less than ten (10) days nor more than twenty (20) days.cralaw (b) There shall be a preparatory recall assembly in every province. shall be filed with the Comelec through its office in the local government unit concerned.cralaw SEC. or municipal officials. which shall not be later than thirty (30) days after the filing of the resolution or petition for recall in the case of the barangay. all elective barangay officials in the district.cralaw (2) Upon the lapse of the aforesaid period. Initiation of the Recall Process. municipality. as the case may be. SEC.cralaw (c) A majority of all the preparatory recall assembly members may convene in session in a public place and initiate a recall proceeding against any elective official in the local government unit concerned. or municipal officials shall be validly initiated through a resolution adopted by a majority of all the members of the preparatory recall assembly concerned during its session called for the purpose.cralaw (1) A written petition for recall duly signed before the election registrar or his representative. city. or barangay official may also be validly initiated upon petition of at least twenty-five percent (25%) of the total number of registered voters in the local government unit concerned during the election in which the local official sought to be recalled was elected.cralaw (d) Recall of any elective provincial. . city.All punong barangay and sangguniang barangay members in the municipality. the Comelec or its duly authorized representative shall announce the acceptance of candidates to the position and thereafter prepare the list of candidates which shall include the name of the official sought to be recalled. .In cases where sangguniang panlalawigan members are elected by district.(a) Recall may be initiated by a preparatory recall assembly or by the registered voters of the local government unit to which the local elective official subject to such recall belongs. . .cralaw . and sanggunian members of the municipalities and component cities. for the purpose of verifying the authenticity and genuineness of the petition and the required percentage of voters. .All punong barangay and sangguniang barangay members in the city. municipal. and cralaw (4) Municipal level. like other candidates.The power of recall for loss of confidence shall be exercised by the registered voters of a local government unit to which the local elective official subject to such recall belongs. district. The official or officials sought to be recalled shall automatically be considered as duly registered candidate or candidates to the pertinent positions and.All mayors. (2) City level. 69. all elective municipal officials in the district.