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Marking Scheme Form 5 Paper 2 (2013)
SECTION A
1. Solve the following simultaneous equations:
2 2
7
2 5
x y xy
x y
+ = +
÷ =
[5 marks]
, ) , )
, )
2 2
2
2
2 2 2
2
2
7
2 5
2 5
2 5 2 5 7
4 20 25 2 5 7
3 15 18 0
5 6 0
( 3)( 2) 0
3 or 2
For 3
2 3 5 1
For 2
2( 2) 5 1
2, 1 or 3, 1
x y xy
x y
y x
x x x x
x x x x x
x x
x x
x x
x x
x
y
x
y
x y x y
+ = +
÷ =
= +
+ + = + +
+ + + = + +
+ + =
+ + =
+ + =
= ÷ = ÷
= ÷
= ÷ + = ÷
= ÷
= ÷ + =
= ÷ = = ÷ = ÷
2. a) The quadratic equation , )
2
6 7 2 3 x x m x ÷ + = ÷ has two equal roots. Find the possible values
of m. [3 marks]
b) Hence, determine the stationary point and determine the axis of symmetry for the above
equation. [3 marks]
, )
2
2
2
2
2
2
2
2
6 7 2 3
6 7 2 3 0
( 6 2 ) 7 3 0
4 0
( 6 2 ) 4(1)(7 3 ) 0
36 24 4 28 12 0
4 12 8 0
3 2 0
( 1)( 2) 0
1 or 2
x x m x
x x mx m
x m x m
b ac
m m
m m m
m m
m m
m m
m m
÷ + = ÷
÷ + ÷ + =
+ ÷ ÷ + + =
÷ =
÷ ÷ ÷ + =
+ + ÷ ÷ =
+ + =
+ + =
+ + =
= ÷ = ÷
, )
, )
2
2
2
2
2
For 1
( 6 2( 1) 7 3 1 ) 0
( 6 2) 7 3) 0
4 4 0
2 4 0
Maximum point (2, 0)
Axis of symmetry 2
For 2
( 6 2( 2) 7 3 2 ) 0
2 1 0
( 1)( 1) 0
1
Maximum point (1,0)
Axis of symmetry: 1
m
x x
x x
x x
dy
x
dx
x
m
x x
x x
x x
x
x
= ÷
+ ÷ ÷ ÷ + + ÷ =
+ ÷ + + ÷ =
÷ + =
= ÷ =
=
= ÷
+ ÷ ÷ ÷ + + ÷ =
÷ + =
÷ ÷ =
=
=
1
1
1
1
Working to show finding the values of y or x
1
1
1
1
1
1
One mark is given only if
both equations of axis of
symmetry are shown
1
2
3. A closed rectangular box is made of very thin sheet metal, and its length is three times its width. If
the volume of the box is 288 cm
3
, show that its surface area is equal to
2
768
6x
x
+ cm
2
, where x cm is
the width of the box. [3 marks]
Find by differentiation the dimension of the box of least surface area. [3 marks]
Let y be the height of the cuboid.
2
2 2
2
2 2
2
2
2
2
3
Volume ( ) (3 )
3 288
288 96
or
3
288 288
Surface area, A 2(3 ) 2(3 )( ) 2( )( )
3 3
576 576 192
6 or
3
768
6
12 768
For maximum or minimum value, 0
768
12 0
12 7
y x x
x y
y
x x
x x x
x x
A x
x x x
A x
x
dA
x x
dx
dA
dx
x
x
x
÷
= × ×
=
=
= + +
| |
= + +
|
\ .
= +
= ÷
=
÷ =
=
3
68
64
4
Dimension of cuboid 4 12 6
x
x
=
=
× ×
4. A set of data which consists of 15 numbers has a mean of 12 and a standard deviation of 3.
a) For the set of data, find
i) the sum of the numbers,
ii) the sum of squares of the numbers [3 marks]
b) Another set of data which consists of 5 numbers with a mean of 11 and a variance of 8 is
added to the original set of data. For the combined set of data, find
i) the new mean
ii) the new standard deviation [5 marks]
2
2 2
2
2
15, 12, 3
12
15
180
3 12
15
135 2160
2295
n x sd
x
x
x
x
x
= = =
=
=
= ÷
= ÷
=
¿
¿
¿
¿
¿
2
2
2
5, 11, variance 8
11
5
55
variance 121 8
5
605 40
645
n x
x
x
x
x
x
= = =
=
=
= ÷ =
÷ =
=
¿
¿
¿
¿
¿
2
20,
180 55
20
11.75
645 2295
variance 11.75
20
variance 147 138.0625
variance 8.9375
standard deviation 8.9375
2.9896
new
new
n
x
x
sd
=
+
=
=
+
= ÷
= ÷
=
=
=
1
1
1
1
1
1
1
1
1
1
1
1
1
1
3
5. Diagram 1 shows a triangle OXY. The straight line AY intersects the straight line XB at C. It is given
that
1
, , and
3
OX x OY y OA OX OB BY = = = =
 


a) Express each of the following vectors in terms of and x y


i) AB

ii) BX

iii) AY

[5 marks]
b) Given that and BC hBX AC k AY = =
   
, find the
value of h and of k. [4 marks]
1
, , and
3
1 1
3 2
1
2
1
3
OX x OY y OA OX OB BY
AB AO OB
AB x y
BX BO OX
BX y x
AY AO OY
AY x y
= = = =
= +
= ÷ +
= +
= ÷ +
= +
= ÷ +
 


  



  


  


6. The histogram below shows the marks obtained by a Form 5 class of students in an Additional
Mathematics test.
a) Without drawing an ogive, calculate the median mark
[3 marks]
b) Calculate the standard deviation of the marks
distribution. [3 marks]
X
O
A
B
C
Y
Diagram 1
5
7
12
9
2
1
, )
and
1
2 2
1
............... (1)
2
BC hBX AC k AY
BO OC h BO OX
OB hOB OC hOX
OC OB hOB hOX
h
OC y y hx
h
OC y hx
AC k AY
AO
= =
+ = +
÷ + + =
= ÷ +
= ÷ +
÷ | |
= +
|
\ .
=
   
   
   
   


 



 

, )
, )
, )
1
1 ............. (2)
3
By comparing
1 1
1
3 2
3 1..............(3)
2 1..............(4)
From, (3) 1 3
OC k AO OY
OC OA kOA kOY
OC k x ky
h
h k k
h k
k h
k h
+ = +
= ÷ +
= ÷ +
÷ | |
= ÷ =
|
\ .
+ =
+ =
= ÷
   
   



sub. into (4)
2(1 3 ) 1
2 6 1
2 5 1
5 1
1
5
h h
h h
h
h
h
÷ + =
÷ + =
÷ =
=
=
1
For
5
1 3
1
1 3
5
3
1
5
2
5
h
k h
k
k
k
=
= ÷
| |
= ÷
|
\ .
= ÷
=
1
1
1
1
1
1
1
1
1
4
Median =
2
N
F
L c
f
| |
÷
|
+
|
|
\ .
Median =
, )
2
2
2
1602
36
46.6 (actually is 46.58)
90039
46.6
36
2501.08 2171.56
329.52
18.1527
fx
x
n
x
x
fx
Sd x
n
Sd
sd
sd
sd
=
=
=
= ÷
= ÷
= ÷
=
=
¿
¿
SECTION B
7. Use the graph paper to answer this question
Table 1 shows the values of two variables, x and y, obtained from an experiment
The variables x and y are related by the equation
2
1 px
y
qx
+
= , where p and q are constants.
a) Based on table 1, construct a suitable table for the values of x
2
y [1 mark]
b) Plot x
2
y against x, using a scale of 2 cm to 1 unit on the x-axis and 2 cm to 0.5 unit on the x
2
y - axis
Hence, draw the line of best fit. [3 marks]
c) Use the graph drawn to give the best-estimated value of
i) y when x = 2.5
ii) p
iii) q [6 marks]
x 1 2 3 4 5 6
y 2.601 0.551 0.194 0.089 0.040 0.017 Table 1
Class intervals Frequency
Cumulative
Frequency
x fx fx
2
10 – 24 5 5 17 85 1445
25 – 39 7 12 32 224 7168
40 – 54 12 24 47 564 26508
55 – 69 9 33 62 558 34596
70 – 84 2 35 77 154 11858
85 - 99 1 36 92 92 8464
f =
¿
36 fx =
¿
1677
2
fx =
¿
90039
18 12
39.5 15
12
39.5 7.5
47
÷ | |
+
|
\ .
+
1
1
1
1
1
1
5
2
2
2
1
1
1
px
y
qx
qyx px
p
yx x
q q
+
=
= +
= +
The values of p and q are derived by reading the graph
From the graph,
When x = 2.5 the value of y is
2
1.95
0.312 0.05
2.5
= ±
0.4 and
1
2.98
0.3356
0.4 0.3356
0.1342
p
q
q
q
p
p
= ÷
=
=
= ÷ ×
= ÷
x 1 2 3 4 5 6
yx
2
2.601 2.204 1.746 1.424 1 0.612 Table 1
2.98
1.95
1
1
1
1
1
1
1
1
1
1
It is best if the values in the table are in four decimals places
The readings on the x-axis must
be two decimal places
6
O S
Q
B
A
P
R
1 rad
Diagram 3
8. Diagram 2 shows an equation ( 4) y x x = ÷ , the x-axis, the straight line y = 5 and the straight line AB
Find
a) The turning point of the curve ( 4) y x x = ÷ [2 marks]
b) Determine the axis of symmetry of the curve. [1 mark]
c) The equations of normal at point A and point B [3 marks]
d) Hence or otherwise, determine the point of intersection, D of the normal at point A and normal at the
point B [3 marks]
e) What can you say about the position of point D, the midpoint of AB and the turning point of the
curve ( 4) y x x = ÷ ? [1 mark]
, )
2
2
( 4)
4
2 4
For turning point, 0
2 4 0
2
2 4 2
4 8
4
Turning point (2, 4)
Or anyother methods
Thus, the axis of symmetry is 2
y x x
y x x
dy
x
dx
dy
dx
x
x
y
y
y
x
= ÷
= ÷
= ÷
=
÷ =
=
= ÷
= ÷
= ÷
÷
=
9. Diagram 3 shows two arcs, PQ and RS, of two concentric circles, with the same centre O. RQ is
perpendicular to OS.
Given that OP = OQ = 5 cm and 1 radian POQ Z = ,
find
a) the perimeter of the shaded region A, [7 marks]
b) the area of the shaded region B. [3 marks]
( 4) y x x = ÷
5 y =
Diagram 2
A B
2
2
4
5
4 5 0
( 1)( 5) 0
1 or 5
2 4
At 1, at A
2( 1) 4 6
At 5, at B
2(5) 4 6
Equation of normal at A
1
5 ( 1)
6
6 31
Equation of normal at B
1
5 ( 5)
6
6 35
A
B
y x x
y
x x
x x
x x
dy
x
dx
x
m
x
m
y x
y x
y x
y x
= ÷
=
÷ ÷ =
+ ÷ =
= ÷ =
= ÷
= ÷
= ÷ ÷ = ÷
=
= ÷ =
÷ = +
÷ =
÷ = ÷ ÷
+ =
6 31...........( 1)
6 35.........( 2)
At point D, ( 2 1)
12 66
11
2
From ( 1)
13 6 1 0
6 12 0
2
11
(2, )
2
The three points are collinear
or three points lies
on the axis of symmetry
y x eq
y x eq
eq eq
y
y
eq
x
x
x
D
÷ =
+ =
+
=
=
÷ + + =
÷ =
=
1
1
1
1
1
1
1
1
1
7
o
o
o
1
1 180 57.2884
3.142
tan(57.2884 )
5
5(tan57.2884)
7.7848
5
(57.2884 )
5
cos(57.2884)
9.2522
,
9.2522 5
4.2522
Perimeter of
5(1) 7.7848 4.2522
PQ
rad
RQ
RQ
RQ cm
Cos
OR
OR
OR cm
Thus PR OR OP
PR
PR cm
A S QR RP
Perimeter
P
= × =
=
=
=
=
=
=
= ÷
= ÷
=
= + +
= + +
17.037 erimeter cm =
10. Solutions by scale drawing will not be accepted for this question.
Diagram 4 shows that the straight lines AB and BC are perpendicular to each other. The equation of
the straight line BC is 2 6 x y = +
a) Find
i) the equation of the straight line AB
giving your answer in the general form,
ii) the coordinates of point B. [4 marks]
b) The straight line AB is extended to point D such
that AB : BD = 2 : 3. Calculate the area of triangle
ADO. [3 marks]
c) A point M moves such that the angle AMB is always
a right-angle. Find the equation of the locus of M. [3 marks]
Eq of ; 2 6
2
Since BC and AB is perpendicular to one another,
1
1
2
Equation of AB through ( 9, 4)
1
4 ( 9)
2
2 8 9
2 17 0 ...... (In general form)
BC
BC AB
AB
BC y x
m
m m
m
y x
y x
x y
= ÷
=
× = ÷
= ÷
÷ ÷
+ = ÷ +
+ = ÷ ÷
+ + =
Diagram 4
( 9, 4) A ÷ ÷
B
C
y
x
O
2 6 x y = +
, )
2
2
Area of shaded region, B
Area Area of sector, ORS Area of
1 1
Area 9.2522 (1) (5)(7.7848)
2 2
Area 42.802 19.462
Area,B 23.34
ORQ
cm
= ÷ A
= ÷
= ÷
=
(-9,-4)
(-1,-8)
(x, y) A
B
D
2
3
3( 9) 2( ) 3( 4) 2( )
( 1, 8) ,
5 5
5 27 2 40 12 2
2 22 2 28
11 14
(11, 14)
x y
x y
x y
x y
D
÷ + ÷ + | |
÷ ÷ =
|
\ .
÷ = ÷ + ÷ = ÷ +
= = ÷
= = ÷
÷
Coordinate
2(2 6) 17
4 12 17
5 5
1
2( 1) 6
8
( 1, 8)
B
x x
x x
x
x
y
y
B
+ ÷ = ÷
+ ÷ = ÷
= ÷
= ÷
= ÷ ÷
= ÷
÷ ÷
1
1
1
1
1
1
1
1
1
1
1
1
1
1
1
1
8
Thus area of triangle ADO
j ¦
2
9 11 0 9
1
4 14 0 4 2
1
126 44
2
85 unit
Area
Area
Area
÷ ÷ 1
=
(
÷ ÷ ÷
¸ ]
= +
=
11. a) Diagram 5 shows a shaded region bounded by the curve
2
y x k = ÷ , the y-axis and the
straight lines 3 and 3 y y = ÷ = . If the area of the shaded region is 30 units
2
, find the value of
k. [4 marks]
, )
3
0
2
3
2
0
3
3
0
Area bounded by the -axis
Area
Area
Area
3
Area 9 3
9 3 15
3 6
2
y
xdy
x y k
y k dy
y
ky
k
k
k
k
=
= +
= +
1
= +
(
¸ ]
= +
+ =
=
=
}
}
y
x
O
3
3 ÷
2
y x k = ÷
Diagram 5
2 2
2 2
( , ), ( 9, 4), ( 1, 8)
since , therefore, 1
4
9
8
1
4 8
1
9 1
8 4 32 9 9
10 12 41 0
AM MB
AM
MB
Let M x y A B
AM MB m m
y
m
x
y
m
x
y y
x x
y y y x x x
x y x y
= ÷ ÷ ÷ ÷
± × = ÷
+ | |
=
|
+
\ .
+ | |
=
|
+
\ .
+ + | | | |
× = ÷
| |
+ +
\ . \ .
+ + + = ÷ ÷ ÷ ÷
+ + + + =
b) Find the ratio of the volumes if
the shaded region is rotated about
the y-axis for 180
o
to that of the
shaded region if it is rotated about
the x-axis for 180
o
.
[6 marks]
, )
, )
3
2
3
2
3 2
2
3
3
4 2
3
3
5 3
3
o
Volume generated along the -axis
Volume
2
Volume 2
Volume 4 4
4
Volume 4
5 3
243 243
Volume 36 12 ( 36 12)
5 5
Since it is rotated only about 180 ,
t
y
x dy
x y
y dy
y y dy
y y
y





÷
÷
÷
÷
=
= +
= +
= + +
1
= + +
(
¸ ]
÷ | |
= + + ÷ ÷ ÷
|
\ .
}
}
}
3
3
he volume is halved
1 486
Volume 72 24 unit
2 5
966
Volume unit or 96.6
10



| |
= + +
|
\ .
=
1
1
1
1
1
1
1
1
1
1
1
9
SECTION C
12. The cost to produce a tin of paint depends on the cost of the raw materials, the production cost and
the packaging cost. The table shows the price indices and weightages of those costs.
a) Given that the composite index of the cost to produce a tin of paint for the year 2005 based on the
year 2002 is 117.7, find the value of x. [3 marks]
b) Given that the price of a tin of paint in the year 2002 was RM 30, calculate its corresponding price in
the year 2005. [1 mark]
c) Find the values of
i) h,
ii) k. [6 marks]
, )
2005
104 125(5) 120(2)
117.7
7
104 865
117.7
7
104 865 823.9 117.7
865 823.9 117.7 104
41.1 13.7
3
x
I
x
x
x
x x
x
x
x
+ +
= =
+
+
=
+
+ = +
÷ = ÷
=
=
Cost
2002
I (based on
the year 1999)
2005
I (based on the
year 1999)
2005
I (based on the
year 2002)
Weightages, w
Raw materials 175 182 104 x
Production h 200 125 5
Packaging 145 k 120 2
, ) , )
3
2
0
2
11
2
2
11
2
2
Volume generated along the -axis
Volume
2
If 3; then, 9 2 11
If 0; then, 2
Volume 3 11 2
Volume 99 2
2
121
Volume 99 22 (2 4)
2
77
Volume 99 20
2
Vo
x
y dx
y x
y x
y x
x dx
x
x

 
 
 
 
=
= ÷
= = + =
= =
= ÷ ÷
1
= ÷ ÷
(
¸ ]
| |
= ÷ ÷ ÷ ÷
|
\ .
| |
= ÷ ÷
|
\ .
}
}
3
81
lume 99
2
117
Volume or 58.5 unit
2
 
 
= ÷
=
Thus the ratio
966 117 966 2
:
10 2 10 117
The ratio is 322:195
  ×
=
×
2005
2002
2005
2005
100 117.7
117.7
30 100
35.31
P
P
P
P RM
× =
=
=
1
1
1
1
1
1
1
10
13. a) If
6 6
log 3 and log 5, m n = = express
2
log 45in terms of m and n. [5 marks]
b) Given log 6, log 8 and log 3,
a b abc
x x x = = = find the value of log
c
x [5 marks]
, )
2
6
2
2
6
2
2
2 2
2 2
2
2
2
2
2
2 2
2
2
2
log 3
log 3 ........ eq 1
log 6
log 5
log 5 ......... eq 2
log 6
log 3
From eq1, log 3 log 2
log 3 log 3
1 log 3
log 3
1
log 5
From eq 2, log 6
log 5
log 3 log 2
log 5
1
1
log 5
1
log 45 l
m
n
m
m m
m m
m
m
n
n
m
m n
n
m
= =
= =
+ =
+ =
÷ =
=
÷
=
+ =
+ =
÷
=
÷
=
2
2 2 2
2
2
og (5 9)
log 45 log 5 2log 3
2
log 45
1 1
2
log 45
1
n m
m m
m n
m
×
= +
= +
÷ ÷
+
=
÷
2002
1999
2005
1999
2005
2002
2002 2002 2005
1999 2005 1999
2002
1999
100
200
100
125
100
100 200
125 100 100
200 100
125
160
P h
P
P
P
P
P
P P P
P P P
P h
P
h
h
=
=
=
= ×
= × =
×
=
=
2002
1999
2005
1999
2005
2002
2005 2005 2002
1999 2002 1999
2002
1999
145
100
100
120
100
120 145
100 100 100
120 145 100
100 100
174
P
P
P k
P
P
P
P P P
P P P
P k
P
k
k
=
=
=
= ×
= × =
× ×
=
×
=
log 6, log 8 and log 3. Find log
log
6 or log 6log
log
log
8 or log 8log
log
log
3
log
log 3log 3log 3log
1 3
log log log 3
2 8
1 3
1 log 3
2 8
16 8 6
log
16
a b abc c
c
c c
c
c
c c
c
c
c
c c c c
c c c
c
c
x x x x
x
x a
a
x
x b
b
x
abc
x a b c
x x x
x
= = =
= =
= =
=
= + +
= + +
| |
÷ ÷ =
|
\ .
÷ ÷ | |
|
\ .
3
3 16
log
2
log 24
c
c
x
x
x
=
×
=
=
1
1
1
1
1
1
1
1
1
1
1
1
1
1
1
1
11
14. Diagram 6 shows, AEC and BED are straight lines and BE = ED. It is given that AB = 9 cm,
AD = 14 cm, CD = 15 cm,
o o
115 and 35 AED ACD Z = Z = .
Calculate
a) the length of BD, [4 marks]
b) , BAD Z [2 marks]
c) the area of the whole diagram. [4 marks]
o
sin35 sin
14 15
sin 0.6145
37.92
sin37 sin115
14
14sin37
sin115
9.4923
Therefore, 2
2 9.4923
18.9847
ED
ED
ED
BD ED
BD
BD cm



=
=
=
=
=
=
=
= ×
=
Diagram 6
2
o
Using cosine rule,
18.9847 81 196 2(9)(14) cos( )
360.0418 277 252cos( )
cos( ) 0.32953
( ) 109.24
BAD
BAD
BAD
BAD
= + ÷ Z
= ÷ Z
Z = ÷
Z =
o
o
Area of whole diagram area of
1
Area (9)(14) sin109.24 area of
2
But first find the following:
180 115 65
Thus, 180 65 35 80
Using sine rule to find the length of
15
sin80 sin 65
BAD EDC
EDC
CED
EDC
EC
EC
= A + A
= + A
Z = ÷ =
Z = ÷ ÷ =
=
2
15sin80
sin 65
16.2992
1 1
Therefore, Area (9)(14) sin109.24 (16.2992)(15) sin35
2 2
Area 59.48123 70.11627
Area 129.598
EC
EC cm
cm
=
=
= +
= +
=
1
1
1
1
1
1
1
1
1
1
12
15. Diagram 7 shows a circular cylinder of height h and radius r surmounted by a hemisphere of the
same radius.
Express the total surface area S of the object and the total volume V in terms of h and r.
[2 marks]
If the total surface area S is 20t, express h in terms of r and hence show that
3
5
10
6
r
V r

 = ÷ .
[2 marks]
Find the value of r that makes V a maximum and calculate the maximum value of V, giving your
answer in terms of t [6 marks]
, )
2 2
2 2
2
2 3
2
2
2
2
2 3
2 4
3
3
1
Surface area 2 4
2
Surface area 2 2
Surface area 2 3
2
3
2 3 20
2 3 20
20 3
2
20 3 2
2 3
20 3 2
2 3
20 3
rh r r
rh r r
rh r
Volume r h r
rh r
rh r
r
h
r
r
Volume r r
r
r r
Volume r
r
r r
Volume
  
  
 
 
  
 
 

 
= + +
= + +
= +
= +
+ =
+ =
÷
=
| | ÷
= +
|
\ .
÷
= +
÷
=
3
3 3
3
3
2
2 3
60 9 4
6
60 5
6 6
5
10 ....... shown
6
r
r r r
Volume
r r
Volume
r
Volume r

  
 


+
÷ +
=
= ÷
= ÷
End of Questions
r
h
Diagram 7
, )
, )
3
2
2
2
2
2
3
5
10
6
For maximum volume, 0
15
10
6
15
10 0
6
60 15 0
15 60
4
2
5 2
10 2
6
40
20
6
20
20
3
40
3
r
V r
dV
dr
dV r
dr
r
r
r
r
r cm
V
V
V
V






 
 




 

= ÷
=
= ÷
÷ =
÷ =
=
=
=
= ÷
= ÷
= ÷
=
1
1
1
1
Workings above must be shown
clearly and correctly
1
1
1
1
1
1
Prepared by Mr. David Ch’ng Yeang Soon / PFS / 2013